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12/08/2018 2012 SOLIDWORKS Help - Plasticity von Mises Model

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Plasticity von Mises Model

User Interface The yield criterion can be written in the form:

SolidWorks Fundamentals

Moving from 2D to 3D

where s is the effective stress and s Y is the yield stress from uniaxial
tests. The von Mises model can be used to describe the behavior of
metals. In using this material model, the following considerations should
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Design Checker
Small strain plasticity is assumed when small displacement or large
Design Studies in SolidWorks
displacement is used.
Drawings and Detailing
An associated flow rule assumption is made.

Both isotropic and kinematic hardening rules are available. A linear
combination of isotropic and kinematic hardening is implemented
when both the radius and the center of yield surface in deviatoric
Import and Export
space can vary with respect to the loading history.
Large Scale Design
The parameter RK defines the proportion of kinematic and
Model Display
isotropic hardening.
Mold Design
For pure isotropic hardening, the parameter RK has the value
Motion Studies
0. The radius of the yield surface expands but its center
Parts and Features remains fixed in deviatoric space.
For pure kinematic hardening, the parameter RK has the value
Sheet Metal
1. The radius of the yield surface remains constant while its
Simulation center can move in deviatoric space.'
Welcome to SolidWorks Simulation
Online Help A bilinear or multi-linear uniaxial stress-strain curve for plasticity can
Access to Help be input. For bilinear stress-strain curve definition, the yield strength
Conventions and elastic modulus are input through the Material dialog box. For
Legal Notices multi-linear stress-strain curve definition, a stress-strain curve
Analysis Background should be defined.
Simulation Fundamentals
When you define a stress-strain curve, the first point on the curve
Simulation Options should be the yield point of the material. Material properties like
Simulation Studies elastic modulus, Yield strength, etc will be taken from the stress-
Design Studies
strain curve when it is available and not from the material properties
table in the Material dialog box. Only Poisson's ratio (NUXY) will be
2D Simplification Study
taken from the table.
Composite Shells
Loads and Restraints
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12/08/2018 2012 SOLIDWORKS Help - Plasticity von Mises Model

Defining stress-strain curves is not supported by drop test

Material Properties

Assigning Materials The yield strength and elastic modulus parameters for bilinear
Applying a Material stress-strain curve description can be associated with temperature
Removing a Material curves to perform thermoplastic analysis.
Creating a Custom Material The use of NR (Newton-Raphson) iterative method is
Creating a Material Library recommended.
Managing Favorite Materials
The Huber-von Mises model can be used with the solid (draft and high
Using Drag and Drop to Define
Materials quality) and thick shell (draft and high quality) elements.
Material Properties Used in
SolidWorks Simulation
Isotropic and Orthotropic Thermo-plasticity is not available with shell elements.
Temperature - Dependent Material The following figure depicts a typical stress-strain curve of a plastic
Defining Stress-Strain Curves material:

Material Dialog Box

Material Models

Material Models
Plasticity Drucker - Prager
Plasticity Tresca Model
Plasticity von Mises Model
Viscoelastic Model
Linear Elastic Orthotropic Model
Linear Elastic Isotropic Model
Hyperelastic Ogden Model
Hyperelastic Mooney - Rivlin
Nitinol Material Model
Nonlinear Elastic Model
Creep Models
Comparison of Tresca and von
Mises Criteria for Plasticity Large Strain Analysis
Generalized Maxwell Model
Hyperelastic Blatz - Ko Model In the theory of large strain plasticity, a logarithmic strain measure is
Parameters defined as:
Analysis Library

Viewing Results

Study Reports
where U is the right stretch tensor usually obtained from the right polar
Checking Stress Results decomposition of the deformation gradient F (i.e., F = R U, R is the
SimulationXpress rotation tensor). The incremental logarithmic strain is estimated as:

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SolidWorks Utilities where B (n+1/2) is the strain-displacement matrix estimated at solution

Tolerancing step n+1/2 and D u is the incremental displacements vector. It is noted
Toolbox that the above form is a second-order approximation to the exact

Workgroup PDM The stress rate is taken as the Green-Naghdi rate so as to make the
constitutive model properly frame-invariant or objective. By transforming
the stress rate from the global system to the R-system,
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12/08/2018 2012 SOLIDWORKS Help - Plasticity von Mises Model

The entire constitutive model will be form-identical to the small strain

theory. The large strain plasticity theory is applied to the von Mises yield
criterion, associative flow rule and isotropic or kinematic hardening
(bilinear or multi-linear). Temperature-dependency of material property is
supported by bilinear hardening. The radial-return algorithm is used in
the current case. The basic idea is to approximate the normal vector N


The following figure illustrates the above two equations.

The element force vector and stiffness matrices are computed based on
the updated Lagrangian formulation. The Cauchy stresses, logarithmic
strains and current thickness (shell elements only) are recorded in the
output file.

The elasticity in the current case is modeled in hyperelastic form that

assumes small elastic strains but allows for arbitrarily large plastic
strains. For large strain elasticity problems (rubber-like), you can use
hyperelastic material models such as Mooney-Rivlin.

Cauchy (true) stress and logarithmic strain should be used in

defining the multi-linear stress-strain curve.

Comparison of Tresca and von Mises Criteria for Plasticity

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12/08/2018 2012 SOLIDWORKS Help - Plasticity von Mises Model

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