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Choose the correct tense in the following sentences.

1. During her camping holiday, Debbie (sleeps / is sleeping) under a net to prevent
mosquito bites.
2. At sundown, jungles and rainforests (are coming / come) alive with the sounds of
insects.
3. Tomorrow we (canoe / are canoeing) down the Colorado River. (I really look / I’m really
looking) forward to it.
4. It usually (is getting / gets) cooler at night but during the day it’s scorching hot.
5. We (don’t understand / aren’t understanding) the local dialect.

Complete the entries with the Present Simple or the Present Continuous.
“Greetings from the main market in Marrakech. This is the place where the locals (1)
________ (sell) all sorts of things: spices, rugs, leather goods, jewellery and the tourists
(2) ________ (bargain) to get a discount. Right now, I (3) ________ (drink) some tea and
watching everything that (4) ________ (go) on. The air is a mixture of smells and colours.
Everybody (5) ________ (have) a good time. Some children (6) ________ (watch) a
snake charmer who (7) ________ (play) a flute.
My friend John (8) ________ (listen) to a storyteller but I (9) ________ (not think) he (10)
________________ (understand) very much! It’s very hot here but we normally (11)
_______ (get up) at dawn when it (12) ________ (be) cool. Tomorrow we (13) ________
(leave) to ride camels to an oasis in the desert. Write back soon. Love, Stella”. “Right now,
I (14) ________ (race) over crisp white snow on a sled pulled by Siberian huskies. I (15)
________ (take) part in a dogsled adventure in Finland. We (16) ________ (cover) about
forty miles a day. I (17) ________ (text) you while my travelling companion is guiding our
sled. It (18)________ (start) to snow again. The scenery is awesome though it (19)
________ (get) freezing cold in the evening when the sun (20) ________ (set). When we
reach our destination at the end of each day, we (21) ________ (have) a relaxing sauna.
It’s pure bliss!”

Rewrite the sentences using the words given.


1 They started their journey three weeks ago. (travel / for)
They’ve been travelling for three weeks.
2. I bought my new computer in July. (have / since)
I _________________________________________________________
3. They got married twenty years ago. (be married / for)
They ______________________________________________________
4. I met my teacher in September. (know / since)
I __________________________________________________________
5. They started building the new sports centre in the summer. (build / since)
They ______________________________________________________
6. I’m still reading the latest Inspector Rebus book. (not finish / yet)
I __________________________________________________________

Past Simple or Past Continuous? Choose the correct tense in the text.
It was a beautiful spring morning. The sun (1) shone / was shining and the birds (2) sang /
were singing in the trees. A girl dressed in red (3) strolled / was strolling down a path that
(4) went / was going through the forest. She (5) carried / was carrying a wicker basket in
one hand and a butterfly net in the other. The smell coming from the basket (6) woke /
was waking up a hairy wolf who (7) rested / was resting lazily against the trunk of a tree.
The wolf asked the girl where she (8) went / was going and when she replied that she (9)
took / was taking a raspberry cake to her granny who (10) lived / was living in a little
house in the heart of the forest, the wolf told the girl to enjoy the beautiful day and pick
some flowers. He then said goodbye and (11) ran / was running as fast as he could to the
granny’s house. Some time later, when the girl (12) knocked / was knocking on the door,
she (13) heard / was hearing a voice coming from inside that said: “Come in, my dear…”
Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple or the Past Continuous.
As I (1) ______ (walk) home last night, I (2) ______ (hear) some footsteps behind me. I
(3) ______ (think) somebody (4) ______ (follow) me. I (5) ______ (get) really scared and
(6) ______ (start) to run. When I finally (7) ______ (arrive) home and put the key in the
lock, a cold hand (8) ______ (touch ) my shoulder. “Excuse me,” a deep voice (9) ______
(say). “You (10) _____ (leave) your umbrella in the pub.”
One cold winter evening, I (11) ______ (drive) home after work. It (12) ______ (snow)
hard, big fat snowflakes (13) ______ (fall) on the windscreen and the wipers (14) _____
(work) hard. As I (15) ______ (get) to a bend, I (16) ______ (see) a young girl holding an
umbrella. I (17) ______ (pull) over and (18) ______ (offer) her a lift. She (19) ______ (live)
a few miles down the road.
When we (20) ______ (arrive), she (21) ______ (thank) me and (22) ______ (get) out of
the car.
The following day, I (23) ______ (see) a red woollen cardigan on the seat of my car. I (24)
______ (go) back to the house after work and (25) ______ (ring) the doorbell. A small old
woman (26) ______ (open) the door. When I (27) ______ (hand) her the cardigan, she
looked at me and said: “My daughter (28) ______ (die) in a car crash on that road ten
years ago.”

Complete the sentences using the prompts in brackets. Use past tenses only and
add any other words that are necessary.
1. By the time ________________________________________________________.
(the fire brigade / arrive at the fire / everybody / leave the building)
2. As soon as ________________________________________________________.
(John / do the washing up / he / sit down to watch The Wire)
3. By the time ________________________________________________________.
(the speaker / finish his talk / most of the audience / fall asleep / or / leave the hall)
4. Until _____________________________________________________________.
(I / try golf / I / not believe / how difficult it was)
5. After _____________________________________________________________.
(she / sign the letter / she / put it into an envelope / stick on a stamp / and / send it)
6. Before ____________________________________________________________.
(Kate / graduate from university / she / already meet / her future husband)

Choose the correct form.


1. By the end of this week I (will have done / will be doing) my last exam so we can go out
for a drink.
2. If the exam starts at 4 pm and lasts for three hours, we (will have done / will be doing) it
at 6 pm.
3. Hopefully, scientists (will have found / will be finding) a cure for a lot of diseases by the
end of the century.
4. I’m almost certain that cars (will have used / will be using) hydrogen very soon.
5. We (will have stopped / will be stopping) using fossil fuels by 2050.

Complete the sentences with the Future Continuous or the Future Perfect.
1. Sea levels __________ (rise) about 20 centimetres by the end of the decade. In some
areas many people __________ (lose) their homes because of flooding.
2. “This time tomorrow I __________ (fly) to Miami.” “Lucky you! I __________ (sit) on the
underground on my way to work.”
3. Do you think people ________ (live) in space stations in the near future?
4. I am having my flat redecorated. The painters _________ (finish) by the end of the
month and I _________ (have) a big party to celebrate!