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Made Sheet No.

Date
ARG 1 22-Oct-12
Check Rev. Date
SR 23-Oct-12
PROJECT TITLE: DAMAC TWIN TOWERS
LOCATION: RIYADH-SAUDI ARABIA

STRENGTH OF CONCRETE " F'c " 35 MPa Maximum crack width at surface " w " 0.40 mm
Modulus of Elasticity of steel " Es "
200000 MPa Spacing between bars " b " 200 mm
THICKNESS OF RAFT 2700 mm Diameter of bar 25 mm
30 o
C Concrete cover " Cc " 50 mm
PLACEMENT TEMPERATURE
86 o
F Degree of restraint " Kr " 0.42
Type of aggregate in concrete Calcareous
20 o
C LINEAR THERMAL COEFFICIENT "CT" 5.00E-06 in/in/oF
Lowest service temp.
52 o
F FT/E 0.00015 long term

RAFT FOUNDATION REINFORCEMENT DUE TO SUBGRADE RESTRAINT PER ACI 207.2R

Te mpe rature Ri s e (oF)


AVAREAGE DEPTH " dc " 75 mm 2.95 in
Effictive depth " d " 2625 mm 60

Ft 3.67 MPa 532 psi


Temperture rise when cement content 50
48.1 o
F
is 200 kg/m3 from graph 2.5
Volume to exposed surface ratio " V/S 2025 mm 6.33 ft
40
Actual rise when cement content is
96.15402 o
F
400 kg/m3

30
Peak temperture & concrete 182 o
F

Δ (Temperutre) Long term 130


o
F 55 o
C
20
Crack spacing " L' " (Eq. 6.4)
7.09 ft 2165 mm
10

Restraint moment requiredn of


reinforcing steel for full-height
cracking " MRH " (Eq 4.4) 473 k-ft 0
640.72 kN.m/bar 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Vol ume to Surfa ce Ratio (ft)

percentage of steel " ρ " 0.000935


n = Es/Ec 7.2
ρn 0.006725
K = [(pn)2+2(pn)]1/2- pn 0.11
Ratio of distance between centroid of
fcompresion
J = 1-K/3 0.96

Distance from neutral axis to the


tensile face
b=[dc+d(1-k)] / [d(1-K)] 1.03

Average effective concrete around a 46 in2


reinforcing bar "A"
Steel stress " fs " 39 ksi 273 MPa
Area of steel required per/bar
As = [MRH/fs.J.d] 929 mm2 / bar
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