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Stress Limits: [Ref BS-8110-1:1997(2007)]

Limit State of Service: (Cl-4.3.4)

Compression:
 @Span-0.33*fcu.
 @Supp-0.4*fcu.
 Direct Comp-0.25*fcu.

Tension:
a. Class 1: No Tensile stress
b. Class 2: Pre-tensioned- Design flex tensile stress=0.45*√ fcu.
Post-tensioned-0.8*(Design flex tensile stress=0.36*√ fcu).
If design service load is temporary and exceptionally high than normal
then tensile stress can be increased up to 1.7N/mm2 .
c. Class 3: Hypothetical tensile stress for pre-tensioned and Grouted post-tensioned

Limiting Design Stress for Conc. Strength


Group Cracking width
C30 C40 C50 & over
mm
0.1 - 4.1 4.8
Pre-tensioned
0.2 - 5.0 5.8
Grouted Post- 0.1 3.2 4.1 4.8
tensioned 0.2 3.8 5.0 5.8
The cracking depends on the depth so the above Hypothetical stress can be
multiplied by appropriate Depth factor
Depth of member
Factor
mm
200 & under 1.1
400 1.0
600 0.9
800 0.8
1000 & over 0.7
For 1% of additional rebar the stress may be increased by 4N/mm2 for Class 1 & 2.
3N/mm2 for Class 3.
For other percentage of additional rebar the stress may be increased to 0.25*fcu.

Stress Limitation @ Transfer:(Cl:4.3.5)

Compression:
Design Compressive Stress<0.4* fci.
Tension:
Design tensile stress
a. Class 1: 1.0N/mm2.
b. Class 2: pre-tensioned-0.45*√ fci.
post-tensioned-0.36*√ fci.
c. Class 3: design tensile stress should not exceed class 2. (Note: fci=0.75* fcu.)