Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

VKES

Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Three days training program (Oct 5-7) on


Substation Earthing, Industrial earthing and Neutral earthing
at IEI Mysore, Karnataka India

Training program is helpful for students, Engineers working in Design and projects and Research
scholars interested in earthing subject. At the end of the program participants will have awareness
about earthing and will be able to do some typical earthing calculations used during plant design.

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com


VKES
Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Trainer: Paneendra kumar BL

Training Charges: Rs 3500 (inclusive of taxes)

Training material: Shall be provided

Certificate: Certificate of attendance shall be issued by VKES.

Training Venue: Institution of Engineers Mysore

Food for trainees: Simple Vegetarian Lunch Provided at training venue

Simulation Software: Not used during this training.

Payment terms: 100% in advance. No refund in case of cancellation.

Date of Training: 5,6,7 October 2018

Contact: Paneendra kumar BL, 9880784082, vkes@vkes.org

Website: www.electricalguideline.com/Conference.html

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com


VKES
Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Training Contents

Day 1 - Substation Earthing design


09:00AM to 9:30AM Trainer and Participants introduction
What is earthing
Why do we do earthing
How to protect a person in a substation against electrical shock
What happens during a fault
Why fault takes place
What happens when the current flows to the ground or earth
09:30AM to 10:30AM How earthing of domestic industrial system different from substation
What happens during a shock
What current does a person feel shock and when does a person die
What is the current allowed through human body
What should be the value of ts
What if weight of person is more or less than 50kg
What is the value of Resistance for the current through the body
10:30AM to 12:00PM What are the paths in which current can flow into human body
12:00PM to 12:30PM Lunch Break
Permissible touch and step voltage
Correction factor for foot resistance
Permissible touch and step voltage with Cs
Earthing Grid, what needs to be connected to the earthing Grid
Sizing of earthing grid, Fault current distribution (Sf)
12:30PM to 02:00PM Decrement Factor, Grid Geometry
Mesh Voltage calculation, Step Voltage calculation
GPR- Ground potential rise
Transferred potential
What Causes GPR, Grid Resistance
Sample Calculations
Case 1: Fault inside substation-design fault current, duration 1sec
Case 2: Fault inside a substation-fault current 20.5kA, duration 100ms
02:00PM to 03:30PM Fault current distribution

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com


VKES
Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Day 2 - Industrial Earthing design


What is the function of earthing, Basic requirement before starting the
earthing design, Methodology of earthing design, Objective of earthing
design, Fault current calculation results, Material of earthing conductor,
Earthing conductor sizing, Current density limitation at electrode,
Minimum dimensions of conductors, Corrosion, Source earthing of One
Generator in isolation, Source earthing of Many Generator in isolation,
Source earthing of One Generator parallel with utility, Source earthing
of Many Generator parallel with utility, Source earthing of Many
09:00AM to 10:30AM Transformers, Transformer neutral earthing, Earthing of UPS neutral
Types of earthing based on resistance, Solidly grounded system
Unearthed or ungrounded system, Reactance earthed system and
resonant earthed system, Resistance earthed system, Types of
Resistance earthed system, Different types of LV earthing system (BS
7430), Earth Loop Impedance, Potential gradient around the earth
electrode, Earth Resistivity measurement, Resistance of earthing
system, Measurement of electrode resistance, What all needs to be
earthed, Cable Armour earthing, Cable Tray earthing, Electrical Panel
and Distribution boards earthing, Junction Box earthing, Motor and
Push button station earthing, Lighting poles and fixtures earthing
Tanks, Vessels, Piping earthing, Package equipment earthing
Lightning Protection system earthing, Electronic equipment earthing
system, Earthing of utility pipes, Earthing of steel reinforced bars of
10:30AM to 12:00PM structures and buildings
12:00PM to 12:30PM Lunch Break
Earthing Schematic, Types of Electrodes and their resistances,
Resistance of Plate electrode, Resistance of Rod or Pipe electrode,
Resistance of Rod electrodes in parallel, Variation of resistance of
electrode due to length and diameter of the rod, Resistance of straight
Strip, Resistance of Mesh, Resistivity of electrodes encased in Low
resistivity materials, Earthing of steel reinforced concrete foundations,
12:30PM to 02:00PM Treated earth electrodes, Auxiliary earth grid,
Typical Earthing Layout of LV MV Substations, Layout Requirement,
Spacing between electrodes, Distance between electrode and building
wall, Depth of horizontal conductor or connecting conductors, Stray
Currents Common mode noise, Typical Calculation of Earth electrode
resistance of substation, Resistance of Rod electrodes in parallel (BS
7430), Resistance of straight Strip (BS 7430), Resistance of Mesh (BS
7430), Type of joints, Recommended dimensions of earthing
Conductor, Typical Earthing design of Oil and Gas installation,
02:00PM to 03:30PM Calculation and steps for typical Oil and gas installation earthing design

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com


VKES
Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Day 3- System Neutral Earthing


Function of Neutral earthing, Inputs required to carry out design, What
causes a fault, Coefficient of grounding and Earth fault factor, Type of
grounding, Neutral treatment, Selection of type of earthing, Different
types of earthing practise used in different sectors, Low resistance
grounding, LRNG current rating and protection, Advantages Low
resistance earthing of MV system with VFD, Low resistance grounding
with Single generators, LRNG typical calculation, Effect of Third
09:00AM to 10:30AM harmonics in paralleled Generators on NGR design
High resistance grounding, Basics, Sequence network of HRNG
system, current limit, History and evolution, Overvoltage and insulation,
Charging current contributions, Cause of stray capacitance HRNG for
Generators with unit transformer, Fault current circulation after breaker
is opened due to field discharge system, Open circuit time constant,
NGR/NGT design, Rating of NGT, Specification of NGR and NGT,
Basic insulation level, Construction of NGR, Ingress protection, NGR
Material, NGR time rating, NGR temperature rise, Temperature
coefficient of NGR, Requirement of NGT, Fault current in HRNG,
Typical calculation of NGR NGT and Brief specification, Arc hazard
eliminated by HRNG, Low Voltage high resistance grounding,
Oil mines earthing, HRNG for MV distribution system, NGR failure and
its associated problems, Monitoring of NGR with relays, Earth fault
Protection for HRNG system, locating fault in HRNG system, Why
10:30AM to 12:00PM HRNG used in the beginning with only alarm, Arc energy damage limits
12:00PM to 12:30PM Lunch Break
Deriving neutral artificially in Ungrounded power system, Zigzag
transformer, specification, Calculation of fault current for network with
zigzag transformer, Protection methods when using zig zag
transformer, Resonant grounding, Different terminology for a group of
similar technology, Resonant grounding system for Unit connected
Generator, Typical calculation of resonant grounding for Unit connected
generators, Resonant grounding for distribution system, Typical
application SLD in European distribution system, Fault current of 11kV
isolated network and network with Peterson coil, construction, Type of
arc suppression coil, Regulator for Peterson coil, Detection of faulty
feeder in resonant earthed system, Voltage at the point of fault,
Converting Isolated network, System modification requirement- ASC,
Temperature rise of reactors, Rating of neutral grounding reactors,
12:30PM to 02:00PM Advantage of ground fault current limiters vs phase fault current limiters
Active earthing system or Ground fault neutralisers (GFN),Neutral
grounding resistor versus Neutral grounding reactor, Type of generator
connection and related earthing system, hybrid system, Different types
of Earthing of generator and utility system, LV unearthed system,
Grounding DC system, Common grounding resistor for generator
earthing, Time rating of neutral grounding equipment, Voltage versus
Current, Clearing ground fault in definite time, Earthing tripping
philosophy fault duration time rating of neutral equipment, Types of
earthing system used in generation transmission distribution,
Conversion of earthing system, Effect of earthing system on damage
02:00PM to 03:30PM overvoltage relay operation, Allowable touch voltage in 11kV system

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com


VKES
Vidyuth Kanti Engineering Services

Local sightseeing in Mysore

Stay: We can arrange budget hotels with competitive tariff for stay at Mysore for
outstation candidates.

Local Site Seeing: We can arrange local transport operator to provide transport
facility to take the outstation participants who are interested in local site seeing daily
from 3:30PM to 8:30PM

Food: We can arrange simple vegetarian Breakfast and Dinner within the hotel.

Reaching Mysore: Trainees shall make their own arrangements to reach Mysore

Some Places of Interest in Mysore:

Chamundi Hills Mysore Palace Jaganmohan palace

Mysore Zoo Somnathpur temple Brindavan gardens

Shopping: Mysore is famous for Silk sarees, Sandalwood, Traditional items

Tariff Hotel: Approx. Rs 1000/day actual cost depends on the hotel.

Tariff local sightseeing: Approx. Rs 500/day actual cost depends on tour operator.

Local sightseeing,Hotel is not part of training and is not conducted by VKES.

No 213, 13th Main RBI Layout JP Nagar 7th Phase, Bangalore 560078. Mobile: 91-9880784082,

Email: vkes@vkes.org, vkes765@gmail.com, www.vkes.org , www.electricalguideline.com