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Saint Louis University

School of Engineering & Architecture


Department of Chemical Engineering

A PROPOSAL FOR THE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF BUED


WASTEWATER TREATMENT FACILITY ALOND BUED RIVER, CAMP 7,
BAGUIO CITY

A Technical Report Presented to the

Faculty of the Department of Chemical Engineering

School of Engineering and Architecture

Saint Louis University

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree

Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering

Submitted by:
LEADER: Borromeo, Nicole Anne T.

MEMBERS:
Andrada, Allen M.
Camat, Danae B.
Fabros, Christine Joy D.
Fagan, Alleah Jeane D.
Medina, Ken Patrick D.
Reg, Darlene Kate G.

Submitted to:
Engr. Jonalyn A. Kimpay

May 2018
TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE i

TABLE OF CONTENTS ii

LIST OF TABLES iii

LIST OF FIGURES iv

ACKNOLEDGEMENT vi

ABSTRACT vii

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1

CHAPTER II: RELATED LITERATURE 6

CHAPTER III: STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 11

CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 13

CHAPTER V: TECHNICAL PART 22

DATA AND RESULTS 22

ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS 24

WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT PROPOSAL 27

CHAPTER VI: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 44

CHAPTER VII: DOCUMENTATION 47

CHAPTER VIII: REFERENCES 53

APPENDICES 55

APPENDIX A: COMPUTATIONS 56

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LIST OF TABLES

TABLE 1.1: List of Activities 3

TABLE 5.1: Water Sampling and Physical Water Quality Parameters 22

TABLE 5.2: Process Design Characteristics 27

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LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE 1.1: Aerial view of the site near Bued River, near the satellite market, 1

Camp7, Baguio City

FIGURE 4.1: Process flow chart for the proposed design 21

FIGURE 5.1: Conductivity vs Temperature 25

FIGURE 5.2: Water Quality of Bued River, which is classified as Class C 26

FIGURE 5.3: Aerial view of the site for proposed Wastewater Plant Facility 33

FIGURE 5.4: Proposed design topped over the area of the site on the map 34

FIGURE 5.5: The proposed design with scale 35

FIGURE 5.6: Top view of design 36

FIGURE 5.7: Perspective view of the design 37

FIGURE 5.8: Preliminary Treatment Equipment: Screening, Grit Chambers 38

FIGURE 5.9: Primary Treatment Equipment: Primary Clarifiers 39

FIGURE 5.10: Secondary Treatment Process: Aeration Tanks 40

FIGURE 5.11: Secondary Clarifiers 41

FIGURE 5.12: Chlorination Tanks 42

FIGURE 5.13: Administration and Control Building 43

FIGURE 7.1: Ocular visit of the researchers along Camp 7, Baguio City 47

FIGURE 7.2: The researchers looking for a way to have access to the river 47

FIGURE 7.3: Part of Bued River showing solids and other wastes from different 48

parts of the area being carried by the flow

FIGURE 7.4: Part of the Bued River showing high turbidity of water flowing 48

FIGURE 7.5: The area where the plant facility is proposed to be built 49

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FIGURES 7.6-7.8: Collecting water samples from the river to be tested for physical 50

parameters

FIGURE 7.9: pH meter showing pH levels of the water sample of 8.40 and 8.32 51

FIGURE 7.10: Conductivity meter showing conductivity of water samples of 317 51

and 333 mS

FIGURE 7.11: TDS meter showing TDS content of water sample 52

FIGURE 7.12: Turbidity meter showing the turbidity levels of the water sample 52

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researches would like to express their deep and heartfelt appreciation to the

following people who made this project a success. It was difficult but it became bearable

because of them.

To Engr. Jonalyn A. Kimpay, for your guidance throughout the whole project and for

always being approachable and helpful in times of need.

To the custodian, Sir Francis, the one in-charge of apparatus, for his undying patience

and kindness in releasing and checking the apparatus needed in the conduction of testing of

the samples.

To their friends and classmates, who have been the researchers’ allies and source of

confidence during the time of the project.

To the parents of the researchers, the earthly providers of the young researchers, they

have nurtured the youth to what they are now. Their expression of love are overwhelming as

manifested in their support.

And most of all, the Lord Almighty for the blessings He endowed upon the researchers,

for His undying love, faithfulness, support, protection, and guidance that made the project

possible.

Thank you and God bless!

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ABSTRACT

The objective of the project is to treat water or wastewater of chosen site to meeth the
standards of the target water. In this case, Bued River, which was classified as Class C, now
polluted, is to be treated to meet the standards of its classification or to improve the
classification to Class B. The criteria made for the researchers is that the location for the said
facility must be within Baguio City and it must be feasible in a way that the waste water
treatment facility be in a location with a close range to the water to be treated – whether the
water is municipal or industrial. Bued River met these criteria. With the location secured by
the Researchers, a sample wastewater was then tested at the University ERL. The river was
estimated to be flowing at a rate of 2000 m3/day and is to be transported to the treatment
plant that is elevated 3 meters above the river.
In order to transport the wastewater, a centrifugal pump is to be used for transportation
of the said water with the help of a gutter. Twenty percent of the water will be released back
to the river while 80% will be treated by the facility. Preliminary treatment will be done with
screening and grit removal, after so, a Primary Clarifier is to be used then into the Aeration
tank supplied with air by the Air Compressor, and lastly disinfection will be made in order
for the river to meet its standards. A separate sludge treatment and disposal will also be done.
Bued River is not easy to rehabilitate due to the large number of people living in the
area that contribute to the current situation of the river. Therefore, it is better for the water to
be treated first before being discharged to the bodies of water in order to meet the
Occupational Safety and Health Act standards for the wastewater.

Keywords: Wastewater, Treatment, Design, Standard, Rehabilitation

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