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A106 PIPE SPECIFICATIONS


A/SA106

NPS 1/4″- 30″

Schedules 10 through 160, STD, XH and XXH

ASTM A106 seamless pressure pipe (also known as ASME SA106 pipe) is
commonly used in the construction of oil and gas re neries, power plants,
petrochemical plants, boilers, and ships where the piping must transport uids
and gases that exhibit higher temperatures and pressure levels.
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American Piping Products stocks a full range of A106
pipe (SA106 Pipe) in:
Grades B and C
NPS ¼” to 30” diameter
Schedules 10 through 160, STD, XH and XXH
Schedules 20 through XXH
Wall Thickness beyond XXH, including:
– Up to 4” wall in 20” through 24” OD
– Up to 3” wall in 10” through 18” OD
– Up to 2” wall in 4” through 8” OD

A/SA 106 Grade B specs are listed below. If you’re looking for Grade B-speci c
product o erings, click here.

Scope
ASTM A106 Seamless Pressure Pipe (also known as ASME SA106 pipe) covers
seamless carbon steel nominal wall pipe for high-temperature service. Suitable
for bending, anging and similar forming operations.

NPS 1-1/2″ and under may be either hot nished or cold drawn. NPS 2″ and
larger shall be hot nished unless otherwise speci ed.

Looking for speci c post-production services? See our full list.

Process
Killed steel, with primary melting process being open-hearth, basic-oxygen, or
electric-furnace, possibly combined with separate degassing or re ning.

Steel cast in ingots or strand cast is permissible.

Hot- nished pipe need not be heat treated.


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Cold-drawn pipe shall be heat treated after the nal cold draw pass.

Chemical Requirements
Download Chart
Grade A Grade B Grade C

Carbon max. % 0.25 0.30 0.35

*Manganese % 0.27 to 0.93 *0.29 to 1.06 0.29 to 1.06

Phosphorous, max. % 0.035 0.035 0.035

Sulfur, max. % 0.035 0.035 0.035


Silicon, min.% 0.10 0.10 0.10

Chrome, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40

Copper, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40

Molybdenum, max. % 0.15 0.15 0.15


Nickel, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40

Vanadium, max.% 0.08 0.08 0.08

Total of Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, and V shall not exceed 1%

Permissible Variations in Wall Thickness


The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the
nominal wall thickness speci ed.

Permissible Variations in Weights per Foot


Weight of any length shall not vary more than 10% over and 3.5% under that
speci ed. NOTE — NPS 4 and smaller — weighed in lots. Larger sizes shall be
weighed separately by length.

Permissible Variations in Outside Diameter


Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard speci ed more than:

NPS [DN Designator] Over Under


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in. mm in. mm

1/8 to 1-1/2 [6 to 40], incl 1/64 (0.015) 0.4 1/64 (0.015) 0.4

Over 1-1/2 to 4 [40 to 100], incl 1/32 (0.031) 0.8 1/32 (0.031) 0.8
Over 4 to 8 [100 to 200], incl 1/16 (0.062) 1.6 1/32 (0.031) 0.8

Over 8 to 18 [200 to 450], incl 3/32 (0.093) 2.4 1/32 (0.031) 0.8

Over 18 to 26 [450 to 650], incl 1/8 (0.125) 3.2 1/32 (0.031) 0.8

Over 26 to 34 [650 to 859], incl 5/32 (0.156) 4.0 1/32 (0.031) 0.8
Over 34 to 48 [850 to 1200], incl 3/16 (0.187) 4.8 1/32 (0.031) 0.8

Download the full product catalog.

Tensile Requirements
Seamless

Grade A Grade B Grade C

Tensile Strength, min., psi 48,000 60,000 70,000

Yield Strength, min., psi 30,000 35,000 40,000

Number of Tests Required


On One Length from Each Lot
NPS
of

Tensile 5 and smaller 400 or less

6 and larger 200 or less

Bending 2 and smaller 400 or less

Flattening 2 through 5 400 or less

6 and over 200 or less

Hydrostatic Testing
Inspection test pressures produce a stress in the pipe wall equal to 60% of
speci ed minimum yield strength (SMYS) at room temperature. Maximum
Pressures are not to exceed 2500 psi for NPS3 and must stay under 2800 psi for
the larger sizes. Pressure is maintained for not less than 5 seconds.

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Mechanical Tests Speci ed
Tensile Test — NPS 8 and larger — either transverse or longitudinal acceptable
Smaller than NPS 8 — weighed in lots. Larger sizes — by length. Flattening Test
— NPS 2-1/2 and larger. Bending Test (Cold) — NPS 2 and under.

Degree of Bend Diameter of Mandrel

For Normal A106 Uses 90 12 x nom dia. of pipe


For Close Coiling 180 8 x nom dia. of pipe

See our full list of pipe testing services.

Lengths
Lengths required shall be speci ed on order. No “jointers” permitted unless
otherwise speci ed. If no de nite lengths required, following practice applies:
Single Random — 17′ ~ 24′ lengths Double Random — 36′ ~ 44′ lengths

Required Markings on Each Length


(On Tags attached to each Bundle in case of Bundled Pipe) Rolled, Stamped, or
Stenciled (Mfrs. Option) Manufacturer’s name or brand. Length of pipe. A106 A, A
106 B, A 106 C. ANSI schedule number. Hydrostatic test pressures and/or NDE;
Weight per foot (NPS 4 and larger) or NH if neither is speci ed. Additional “S” if
tested supplementary requirements.

Referenced Documents
ASTM A 530/A 530M Speci cation for General Requirements for Specialized
Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe
ASTM E 213 Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Metal Pipe and Tubing
ASTM E 309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tubular
Products Using Magnetic Saturation
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ASTM E 381 Method of Macroetch testing Steel Bars, Billets, Blooms, and
Forgings
ASTM E 570 Practice for Flux Leakage Examination of Ferromagnetic Steel
Tubular Products
ASME B36.10M Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe

General Information
Orders for material under this speci cation should include the following, as
required, to describe the desired material adequately:

Quantity Feet, centimeters, or number of lengths

Name of material Seamless

Grade Grade A, Grade B, or Grade C

Manufacture Hot- nished or cold-drawn

NPS or Outside Diameter and Schedule Number of Average Wall


Size
Thickness

Special outside diameter tolerance pipe

Inside diameter tolerance pipe, over 10 in ID

Length Speci c or random


Supplementary requirements

Test Report Required

Speci cation designation

Hydrostatic test

Special requirements

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*ASTM A 106 grade B Seamless Pressure Pipe

B) Unless otherwise speci ed by the purchaser, for each reduction of 0.01 %


below the speci ed carbon maximum, an increase of 0.06 % manganese above
the speci ed maximum will be permitted up to a maximum of 1.65 %.
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*ASME SA 106 grade B Seamless Pressure Pipe

B) For each reduction of 0.01 % below the speci ed carbon maximum, an


increase of 0.06 % manganese above the speci ed maximum will be permitted
up to a maximum of 1.35 %.

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