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Project No.

Date

Allied Consultants Ltd. DESIGN CALCULATION 1 ###

SHEET Sheet No. Computed by


x ENG.MUSAB

Subject xxxx Checked by Approved by


Building THE MUSEUM

1. Input Data:

No. of levels (including ground floor) : 4


Average level height : 16 m
Floor Area : 7000 m2
Exterior building wall area per floor : 1384 m2
Wall Tightness : 1 (1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose, 4=Very Loose)
Stairwell wall area per floor : 12 m2
Wall Tightness : 2 (1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose)
Elevator shaft walls : m2
Wall Tightness : (1=Tight, 2=Average, 3=Loose)
The area gap around each stairwell doo : 0.024 m2
Outside design temperature : 45 deg C
Stairwell temperature : 24 deg C

Stairwell door width : 0.9 m


Stairwell door height : 2.1 m
Force to overcome door closer : 53 N
Distance from door knob to
edge of knob side of door : 75 mm

2. Assumptions:
The pressure difference between stairwell
and building at stairwell bottom : 12.4 Pa

Critical Velocity : 1.524 m/s

4. Height Limit Check:

Maximum allowable pressure difference


between the stairwell and the building = 77.601 Pa

Height limit below which satisfactory


pressuriation is possible = 90.4 m

5. Calculations:
Abo Flow area between the building and outside per floor = 0.097 m2
Asb Flow area between stairwell and the building per floor = 0.025 m2
Project No. Date

Allied Consultants Ltd. DESIGN CALCULATION 1 ###

SHEET Sheet No. Computed by


x ENG.MUSAB

Subject xxxx Checked by Approved by


Building THE MUSEUM

B Pressure difference per height due to stack effect = 0.7693 Pa/m


Psb Pressure difference between stairwell top and the build = 58.489 Pa

5.a Simple stairwell pressurization:


Q Flow rate of the pressurization air = 0.4958 m3/s (= 1051 cfm)

5.b Canadian stairwell pressurization:

In this system, an exterior stairwell door opens automatically uopn system activation. In addition, the lower
two floors will be considered opened, while the others doors will be considered closed.

I. Opened doors section:


Pressure difference at the bottom of the section = 12.4 Pa
Pressure difference at the top of the section = 35.444 Pa
Flow factor = 4.0596 m/s
Open stairwell flow area = 0.9748 m2
Effective flow area = 0.0964 m2
Flow rate from this section = 0.7827 m3/s (= 1659 cfm)

II. Closed doors section:


Pressure difference at the bottom of the section = 37.866 Pa
Pressure difference at the top of the section = 62.484 Pa
Flow factor = 5.9244 m/s
Effective flow area = 0.025 m2
Flow rate from this section = 0.3 m3/s (= 635.69 cfm)

III. Exterior stairwell door:


Pressure difference at the exterior door
(~ at 1.5m height) = 14.401 Pa
Open exterior stairwell door effective flow area = 0.9748 m2
Flow rate from this section = 3.1041 m3/s (= 6577 cfm)

The total flow needed to pressurize the stairwell


at the above conditions is the sum of these three
separate flows = 0.7827 + 0.3 + 3.1041
= 4.1868 m /s
3

(= 8871 cfm)
automatically uopn system activation. In addition, the lower
Wall Tightness - Area ratio
Construction element Tight Av. Loose V. Loose
1 2 3 4
Exterior building walls 0.00007 0.00021 0.00042 0.0013
Stairwell walls 0.000014 0.00011 0.00035
Elevator shaft walls 0.00018 0.00084 0.0018
Floors 0.000052

Door Width (mm)


Door Closer Force (N)
800 900 1000 1100 1200
26 112.5 100 92.5 85 77.5
35 102.5 92.5 85 77.5 70
44 92.5 85 75 70 65
53 85 75 67.5 62.5 57.5
62 75 67.5 60 55 52.5