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ECCM 2010
IV European Conference on Computational Mechanics
Palais des Congrès, Paris, France, May 16-21, 2010

Vibration Analysis of a Steel-Concrete Charging Station Platform

C. Kamei1, W. G. Ferreira2, J. G. Santos da Silva3,
Federal University of Espirito Santo, UFES, Brazil,
Federal University of Espirito Santo, UFES, Brazil,
State University of Rio de Janeiro, UERJ, Brazil,

Structural engineers have long been trying to develop solutions using the full potential of its
composing materials. At this point there is no doubt that the structural solution progress is directly
related to an increase in materials science knowledge.

On the other hand, the competitive trends of the world market have long been forcing structural
engineers to develop minimum weight and labour cost solutions. A direct consequence of this new
design trend is a considerable increase in problems related to unwanted floor vibrations. For this
reason, the structural floors systems can become vulnerable to excessive vibrations, for example,
produced by impacts such as mechanical equipments (rotating machinery) [1].

This way, the present paper investigated the dynamic behaviour of a steel-concrete charging
station platform located in Louisiana (USA). The structural model consists of two parts: the dock
structure with piles and a composite (steel-concrete) platform and a steel structure with a pipe
conveyor driving unit and hopper [2], see Figure 1.

Figure 1: Investigated structural model [2]

The proposed computational model, developed for the steel-concrete platform dynamic analysis,
adopted the usual mesh refinement techniques present in finite element method simulations
implemented in the STRAP program [3]. In this computational model, floor steel girders and columns
were represented by three-dimensional beam elements, where flexural and torsion effects are
considered. The composite slab was represented by shell finite elements. In this investigation, it was
considered that both materials (steel and concrete) have an elastic behaviour. The computational
model is illustrated in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Three-dimensional computational model

The structural model dynamic response was determined through an analysis of its natural
frequencies and peak accelerations. The results of the dynamic analysis were obtained from an
extensive numeric study, based on the finite element method utilising the STRAP program [3]. In this
investigation, dynamic loadings coming from the rotating machinery were applied on the structural

A numerical analysis was made in order to assess the dynamic impacts on the structure. Based on
the peak acceleration values, obtained on the structure steady-state response, it was possible to
evaluate the structural model performance in terms of human comfort, maximum tolerances of the
mechanical equipment and vibration serviceability limit states of the structural system, based on the
design code recommendations [4-7].


[1] Damping Lateral Vibrations in Rotary Machinery Using Motor Speed Modulation, N. N. Verichev, S. N.
Verichev, V. I. Erofeyev, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 329 (2010), pp. 13-20, 2009.
[2] Dynamic Analysis of a Barge Unloading Platform Located in Lousiana, USA. Rev. A, BRACO Consultants,
[3] STRAP Structural Analysis Program - V12.5, 2009.
[4] ISO 1940-1. Mechanical Vibration. Balance Quality Requirements for Rotors in a Constant (Rigid) State.
Part 1: Specification and Verification of Balance Tolerances, 2003.
[5] ISO 2631-1. Mechanical Vibration and Shock. Evaluation of Human Exposure to Whole-body Vibration.
Part 1: General Requirements, 1997.
[6] CEB 209/91. Vibration Problems in Structures. Practical Guidelines. Part I: Vibration Criteria for Human
Response, 1991.
[7] CEB 209/91. Vibration Problems in Structures. Practical Guidelines. Part K: Vibration Criteria for
Building Response, 1991.