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Asian College of Science and Technology

College of Nursing
DRUG STUDY

NAME: Rochelle Pesquera BSN AREA: OB WARD

GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING


NAME NS EFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
RSE
REACTIONS
Ampicillin Na Omnipen Belongs to the class GI disturbances eg Hold medication & promptly
Polycillin Hypersensitivit report rash (although common
of penicillins with diarrhea, nausea &
Principen A penicillin that extended spectrum. y to penicillin. vomiting; skin rashes, w/ ampicillin,may, indicate
Glandular fever hypersencitivity)or diarrhea
inhibits cell wall Used in the pruritus, urticaria,
-Evaluate IV site for Phlebitis.
synthesis in systemic treatment of lymphatic erythema multiforme, -Check IM injection site for
supceptible of infections. leukemia. exfoliative dermatitis, pain, induration.
microorganism. Treatment anaphylactic shock, Monitor I& O, urinalysis, renal
of UTI, otitis anemia, function test.
media, sinusitis, thrombocytopenia, -Asses for signs of
eosinophilia, superinfection.
bronchitis,
agranulocytosis,
uncomplicated comm
laryngeal stridor, high
unity-acquired
fever.
pneumonia, Haemoph
ilus
influenzae infections,
invasive salmonellosis
& listerial meningitis.

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GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING
NAME NS SIDEEFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO EFFECTS/ADVERSE
RSE NURSING
NAME NS REACTIONS
REACTIONS RESPONSIBILITY
Dexamitasone
Nalbuphine Desoximetasone
Nalbuphine A
A long-acting
narcotic agonist- Belongs
Narcotic to the class
agonist, Relief of moderate to Active untreated
Respiratory rate less Inhalation: cough, dry
Abrupt withdrawal after -Monitor
-Reassure I&pxO,about
daily addiction
weight
Asthma & related mouth, hoarseness, -Assess for edema
Na Phosphate
Hydrochloride or
Nubain glucocorticoid
antagonist thatthat of glucocorticoids.
antagonist. severe pain. Also as a infections,
than 12 bpm.fungal,
Cautions. prolonged use may liability: most patients who
Dextramethopan, inhibits Used in systemic bronchospastic tuberculosis, or viral throat irritation. -Evaluate food tolerate &
binds with opioid supplement to Hepatic or renal produce symtoms of receive opiates for medical
disorder anesth for Long term therapy may bowel activity
accumulation
receptors in the of corticosteroid balanced diseases of the eye.
impairement, narcotic withdrawal, reasons hyperacidity
do not develop
cause muscle -Report promptly
inflammatory cells
CNS. May displace preparations. unresponsive
pre- & post-op to respiratory depression, such as abdominalarm & dependency
wasting(specially -Check V/S atsyndromes
least BID
at inflammatory
opioid agonist & other
analgesia & for obstet recent biliary tract cramping, rhinorrhea,
legs), -Monitor Hypercalcemia
sites, phagocytosis
competively inhibit analgesia
therapy, allergic
during labor surgery, head trauma, Risk of osteoporosis
lacrimation, anxiety,& -Assess emotional status,
& release
their of may
action: &rhinitis,
delivery. increased intracranial spontaneous fracture,
fever & pileorection ability to sleep.
mediators
precipitateof pressure (ICP), muscle wasting,
(goose bumps). Over
inflammatory nasal nitrogenepletion,hyperg
inflammation.
withdrawal pregnancy, those dose results in severe
condition. Also used lycemia
symptoms. suspected to be opioid respiratory depression,
in cerebral
dependent. skeletal muscle
Effect: Alters the edema due to
flaccidity, cyanosis &
perception of and malignancy extreme somnolence
emotional response progressing to seizures,
to pain. stupor & coma.

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GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING
NAME
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION NS
CONTRAINDICATIO EFFECTS/ADVE
SIDE RESPONSIBILITY
NURSING
NAME NS RSE
EFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDEREACTIONS NURSING
RSE
NAME
Furosemide Apo-ferosemide A loop diuretic that Belongs to the Acute pulmonary NS
Hypersensitivity to EFFECTS/ADVE
Increased Urinary RESPONSIBILITY
-Observe px receives
REACTIONS
GENERIC BRAND enchances excretion class of high-ceiling edema, CHF, edema sulfonamides, severe RSE
frequency & urine parenteral drug carefully.
Ketorolac Toradol NAME ACTION
An NSAID that CLASSIFICATION INDICATION
of ocular itching CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING
ofRelief
Belongs to the Hypersensitivity to Headache, nausea, -Patient’s
-Monitor BP who
duringhave asthma,
period
of sodium, chloride, sulfonamide nephrotic Na &NSvol depletion. REACTIONS
volume. Nausea,
NAME
tromethamine inhibits class of acetic acid due
syndrome,to severe aspirin or other EFFECTS/ADVE abdominal cramps, or RESPONSIBILITY
aspirin
ofdiuresis induced
& through allergy,
period & of
& potassium by diuretics. Anuria not asthma.
responsive dyspepsia, abdominal
Mg Chloride Mg Citrate, Anprostaglandin
antacid, laxative, Antacid,
derivatives and Treatment
seasonal of
allergic Appendicitis
NSAIDs, or Flushing,
RSE
pain sweating,
dyspepsia. -Asses
nasal for relief
polyps of
are Gastric
at increased
HTN, ascites& edema dosage adjustment.
direct action
electrolyte, and the
at Anticonvulsant,
related substances due hypomagnesemia to a trial dose
Hypovolaemia
symptoms of or cramps, diarrhea
hypotension, or
muscular distress
risk for for
developing
synthesis and to liver cirrhosis,
conjunctivitis. REACTIONS -Monitoe V/S of
Mg hydroxide ascending limb
anticonvulsant. of
As of non-steroidal
electrolyte, accompanied
laxative. acute by of dehydration.
furosemide
appendicitis, Do not weakness,
constipation, sedation &
electrolyte -Monitor renal function.
hypersensitivity reactions.
reduces renal
Prophylaxis failure Rare reaction with long- hypokalemia
Metronidazole Flagyl A nitroimidazole Treatment of & -Avoid
-Monitor use unless
pattern needed
I & O ratiobowel
Assess for of
rhinitis, asthma
the limb of
anprostaglandinhenle.
antacid acts in Belongs to the
antiinflammatory signs of tetany. Admixture
give w/ 10%
postoperatively
ileostomy, intestinal to norexia,
confusion; nausea,
disturbances. decreased
AR:
term use include peptic -Monitor & patter.&
HCL Mg oxide derivative that levels class
and of imidazole
antirheumatic
Belongs to the
reduction
infections
Control of of
caused
HTN, Glucose,
patients penicillin
with highG,
risk abdominal
deep tendon
Virgorous pain,
reflexes;
diuresis may
-Administer
activity
Report
oralconsistency.
& stool
Urticaria.
decreased
doses w/ food
or unusual
the
in stomach
the aqueousto inflammation obstruction, severe ulcer disease. GI
disrupts
Effect: bacterial &
procedures derivative
products.
class of electrolyte Bacteriodes &
encephalopathy
by K,ofRinger Lactated
haemorrhage. vomiting,
resp
lead
vertigo,
paralysis
to profound water
-Apply
-Maintain
-Assess
can
topically
adequate
resultpain
afterfluid
prior tocleansing
in dehydration and&1-2
neutralize
humor. DNA,gastric antibacterials. Used & associated
convulsions. symptoms renal
Soln impairment.
due
History is
of peptic ulcer bleeding,
tiredness & gastric,
dark the area.
intake.
hr. ff. administration.
Mg protein protozoal
dieresis & lowers BP. solutions used in fragilis. Prevention of hypovelemia, circulatory
acid. in loss & Electrolyte
severe hepatitis Advise px that
-Ketorolac cosmetics
therapy shouldmay
complex INHIBITING ACID I.V.the systemic
solutions. Prevention
after ocular
post-op & control
surgery
infections due
contraindicated
or coagulation to coloration of the urine
depletion,resulting
collapse, & hypotention.
Therapeutic Effect: treatment of of convulsions in chemical
disorders if reactions. (cholestasis, bew
used to treat usedgiven
always over the areaby
initially after
the IM
SYNTHESIS. to anaerobic
Mg SO4 Relieves pain infections. patients w/ bacteria incompatibility hypokalemia,hyponatri
trichomoniasis
jaundis) & application.
or IV route.
& treatment ofor
preeclampsia amoebiasis
mia & dehydration. -Reduce
-Advicedosage in hepatic
px to consult if rash,
stimulus & reduces
amoebic
eclampsia. abscess of disease.
itching, visual, disturbances,
intraocular
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION the INDICATION
Prevention
liver & of CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE tinning,
NURSING weight gain, edema,
inflammation. hypomagnesemia in black stools, persistent
NAME acute intestinal NS EFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATIONamoebiasis CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING
headache, or influenza like
RSE syndromes occur.
NAME NS EFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDERSEREACTIONS NURSING
Hydralazine
NAME HCL Hydralazine An antihypertensive Belongs to the Treatment of HTN, in Severe
NS tachycardia, Tachycardia,
EFFECTS/ADVE -Monitor for Headache.
RESPONSIBILITY
REACTIONS
Apresoline, with direct class of conjunction w/ β- dissecting aortic palpitation, angina -Palpitations. Tachycardia
Oxytocin
GENERIC Pitocin,
BRAND NAME Ab oxytocin that
ACTION Uterine smooth
CLASSIFICATION INDICATION
Induction Auquate uterine
CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE RSE
Hypertonicity may -Ensure
NURSING
-Assess fetal position & site
for peripheral &
edema
Novohylazine vasodilating effects hydrazinophthalazi blocker & thiazide aneurism, heart pectoris, severe
NAME Syntocinon effects uterine muscle stimulant.
ne derivatives. augmentation
diuretic. W/ of activity
failurethat fails to
NS w/ high cardiac occurREACTIONS
with tearing
EFFECTS/ADVE of ansence
of hands,of complications
feet
RESPONSIBILITY
that
on arterioles. headache, GI are contraindicated
myofibril activity labor, to control progress, the uterus, hepatitis -Monitor pattern ofw/
daily bowel
Ranitidine HCL Ranitidine An anticular thet Used in
Belongs to thethe isosorbide
Peptic disease
postpartum
dinitrate
eg
bleeding
in output,
History of myocardial
acute RSE increased
Reversible
disturbances eg and -Administer
oxytoxin
activity
oral drug
before
& stool
w/ meals
therapy.
consistency
Bismuth citrate and stimulates
inhibits histamine
Therapeutic Effect : treatment
Belongs
class of H2-to of
the the
stress management insufficiency
cephalopelvic
porpyrria, due to bleeding,
blood abruption
dyscrasias occur & at bedtime
anorexia, nausea,
REACTIONS -Establish
mammary
action smooth
at histamine hypertension
class
receptor & uterine
of heart failure
ulceration, gastroeso mechanical fetal
disproportion, placentae.
rarely. & cervical, -Decrease uterine
does in contractions
renal & liver
Decreases BP & that rate for
similar
Tranixamic Lystedia
Zantac muscle. Tranexamic
of oxytocin and
acid
antagonists. Used ; hypotonicity
Treatment
phageal reflux& in the obstruction.failure,
Severe
distressrenal
Cautions: without
Idiopathic vomiting & diarrhea.
GI disturbances,
vaginal lacerations. Evaluate
failure use to normal prior
warnings
2 systemic
receptorsresistance.
pf 3rd stageselected
of labor & Flushing, dizziness & labor, monitor rate &antacid
strength
Acid Cyklokapron analogues.
Belongs
in Used
to the
the treatment in
class
of Slow
prophylaxis
disease, SLE. intravascular
active Do not give to hypotension, to beginning
-Provide therapy.
concurrent See
Renal/hepatic
imminent
gastric parietal cells.
Antifibrinolytic agent posterior
peptic
of amino pituitary
ulcer
acidand to
of promote
IV
hemorrhage
cases of lactation
Hypertensiveassoci patientsddelivery.
clotting, following MI. nasal congestion.
thrombotic
of contraction.
Administration
therapy to relieve for pain.
infusion
Therapeutic effect: in cases of faulty impairment elderly.
lobe hormone
gastro-oesophageal crisis
ated 5-10 mg milk
w/ excessive
persistent dyspepsia, 1st 2 trimesters of Postural hypotension,
complication, transient specifics.
-Administer Evaluate
IM dosetherapeutic
undiluted
that competitively
Contracts uterine
Therapeutic effect: antifibrinolytics. ejection thromboembolic
preparations.
reflux repeated over 20
fibrinolysis. pregnancy disturbance of pruritus,
color effectiveness
deep into large and adverse
muscle group
inhibits
smooth breakdown
Inhibits muscle.acid
gastric Used indisease
the pathological
mins. Continuous disease, colour vision Fever, chills,
effects onfor
a regular
(GERD). hypersecretory vision
rashes -Arrange regular basis.
follow ur,
of fibrin clots.
Enhances
secretion when It
lactation. treatment of IV 200-300 disorder, subarachnoid Ophthalmic
including bloodexamination
test, to is
states eg Zollinger-
blocks binding
fasting, at night,of or hemorrhage. mcg/min.
Ellison Maintena
syndrome & bleeding recommended
evaluate effects. at baseline and
plasminogen and
when stimulated by nce 50-150
potential acid regular intervals if used longer
plasmin to fibrin, mcg/min.during
aspiration May also than several days. Teach
food. Caffeine, or
thereby preventing be given
general IM.
anesthesia or patient possible side
insulin. effects/appropriate
childbirth
interventions and adverse 3
haemostatic plug
dissolution symptoms to report
GENERIC BRAND NAME ACTION CLASSIFICATION INDICATION CONTRAINDICATIO SIDE NURSING
NAME NS EFFECTS/ADVE RESPONSIBILITY
RSE
REACTIONS
Paracetamol Acetaminophen Paracetamol produc Non steroidal For pain or pyrexia Hypensensitivity, Drowsiness, fatigue, Do not exceed the
Algina es analgesia by Anti inflammatory Fever analgesic nephropathy children may recommended dosage.
Algitab raising the Opioid analgesics. Post operative pain renal and hepatic occasionally experience
Aminol threshold of the Avoid using multiple
low blood sugar and
Atamol pain center in the preparations containing
Bepamol tremor or feel hungry,
brain and by acetaminophen. Carefully
Calpol obstructing faint or confused rashes
Cemolinga or itching check all OTC products.
impulses at the
cetacin pain-mediating
chemoreceptors. Allergic type reaction Give drug with food if GI upset
The drug produces hives, wheezy occurs.
antipyresis by an breathing, swelling of
action on the the face, lips, tongue or Discontinue drug if
hypothalamus; heat hypersensitivity reactions
around the eyes blood
dissipation is occur.
increased as a stained urine output
result of abnormal bruising or
vasodilation & bleeding jaundice
increased
peripheral blood
flow