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Muriatic acid, which is known as hydrochloric acid, is a strong inorganic acid which is most commonly

known for its presence in gastric acid. We’ll use the name hydrochloric acid interchangeably throughout
this article. As one of the prime chemicals in the human stomach, muriatic acid effectively raises the pH
of the stomach in order to protect our body against harmful microorganisms. Furthermore, this raised
pH serves to break down proteins, allowing the food that we have eaten to properly digest in the
remainder of our digestive system. In addition to its presence in the stomachs of many mammals, this
acid has long been used in many industrial settings. Hydrochloric acid was found very early on to be very
useful (and dangerous) because of its highly corrosive, colorless form.

There are several types of Bleach. Chlorine bleach usually contains sodium hypochlorite. Oxygen bleach
contains hydrogen peroxide or a peroxide-releasing compound such as sodium perborate or sodium
percarbonate. Bleaching powder is calcium hypochlorite. Other bleaching agents include sodium
persulfate, sodium perphosphate, sodium persilicate, their ammonium, potassium and lithium analogs,
calcium peroxide, zinc peroxide, sodium peroxide, carbamide peroxide, chlorine dioxide, bromate, and
organic peroxides (e.g., benzoyl peroxide).

While most bleaches are oxidizing agents, other processes can be used to remove color. For example,
sodium dithionite is a powerful reducing agent that can be used as a bleach.at can be used as a bleach.
A detergent is a surfactant or a mixture of surfactants with cleaning properties in dilute solutions. These
substances are usually alkylbenzenesulfonates, a family of compounds that are similar to soap but are
more soluble in hard water, because the polar sulfonate (of detergents) is less likely than the polar
carboxylate (of soap) to bind to calcium and other ions found in hard water.In most household contexts,
the term detergent by itself refers specifically to laundry detergent or dish detergent, as opposed to
hand soap or other types of cleaning agents. Detergents are commonly available as powders or
concentrated solutions. Detergents, like soaps, work because they are amphiphilic: partly hydrophilic
(polar) and partly hydrophobic (non-polar). Their dual nature facilitates the mixture of hydrophobic
compounds (like oil and grease) with water. Because air is not hydrophilic, detergents are also foaming
agents to varying degrees.

Common ingredients found in perfumes are: acetone, ethanol, benzaldehyde, formaldehyde, limonene,
methylene chloride, camphor, ethyl acetate, linalool and benzyl alcohol. Phthalates and synthetic musks
are also commonly used potentially hazardous ingredients.
The active ingredient in a mosquito repellent is primarily responsible for its usefulness. For a material to
be valuable as a mosquito repellent, it must meet certain criteria. First, it must effectively discourage
insect attack on the treated area for many hours and on many different types of surfaces. Second, it
must work under a variety of different environmental conditions. Next, it must not be toxic or cause
irritation when applied to human or animal skin. Additionally, it must be cosmetically acceptable, having
a pleasant odor, taste, and feel. It should also be harmless to clothing. Finally, it should have a relatively
low cost and be effective against other common types of insects, such as flies.

While thousands of compounds have been studied for their use as insect repellents, DEET (n, n-diethyl-
m-toluamide) has been used more than any other. DEET is the compound which results from a reaction
of m- toluic acid with thionyl chloride followed by a reaction with diethyl amine. This material is isolated
and purified before it is supplied to mosquito repellent manufacturers. Other repellent ingredients used
include citronella oil, dimethyl phthalate, lavender, lemon-grass oil, and peppermint oil. It has been
found that mixtures of various repellent compounds often provide greater effectiveness than any one
compound alone. The active ingredients contained in the mosquito repellents generally make up 5-30%
of the final products.