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TripleCoatings3 ®

New generation of PVD Coatings and Equipment

TripleCoatings3®
PLATIT
Fully compatible to
General Information
• Compact hard coating unit
• Based on PLATIT LARC® and CERC® technologies
(LAteral Rotating Cathodes and CEntral Rotating Cathodes)
• Coating on tool steels (TS) above 230 °C,
high speed steels (HSS) 350 - 500 °C and on
tungsten carbide (WC) between 350 - 600 °C

Coatings
• Monolayers, multilayers, nanogradients, nanolayers,
nanocomposites, TripleCoatings3® and their combinations
• Standard: TiN, TiAlN, AlTiN, nACo®
• Optional: SuperTiN, TiCN, cVIc®, TiAlCN, GRADVIc®, CrN,
CROMVIc®, CrTiN, CROMTIVIc®, Ti2N, ZrN, AlCrN, AlTiCrN,
nACo®, FiVIc®, nACRo®, nACVIc®, nATCRo®, nACTVIc®,
all TripleCoatings3® *1
• The most flexible coating unit: more than 30 different
coatings without cathode exchange!

Hardware
• Foot print: W2350 x D1660 x H2300 mm
• Vacuum chamber, internal sizes:
W580 x D566 x H580 mm
• Usable plasma volume: Ø485 x H440 mm
• System with turbo molecular pump
® ®
• VIRTUAL and TUBE Shutters for all LARC cathodes
• Ionic plasma cleaning:
• etching with gas (Ar/H2); glow discharge,
• metal ion etching (Ti, Cr)
• Pulsed (30 or 350 kHz) BIAS supply
• 6 (+1) gas channels, 5 (+1) MFC controlled
• Electrical connection: 3x400V, 100A, 50-60 Hz, 45 kW
• Upgradeable to p 311+DLC and p 311+OXI on user's place
TripleCoatings3®
TripleCoatings3® Depositable by the p
311
Color Nanohardness Thickness Friction (fretting) Max. usage Symbol
up to [GPa] [µm] coefficient temperature [°C] color
1 nACo3® violet-blue 45 / 34 1-7 0.45 1200 / 900
Classics

2 nACRo3
®
blue-grey 40 / 34 1-7 0.35 1100 / 900
3 nATCRo3® blue-grey 42 / 34 1-7 0.40 1150 / 900
AlXN3®

4 AlCrN3® black 38 / 32 1-7 0.4 900


5 AlTiCrN3® blue-grey 32 / 34 1-7 0.6 900

6 TiXCo3® copper 47 / 40 1-3 0.55 1100 / 1200


SiX3®

7 nACoX3® black 30 / 40 7 - 18 0.4 1200


8 User-Triples User-Triples: e.g. CrN - AlCrN-Multilayer/SiN - AlCrN/SiN
*1 The TripleCoatings3®-principle was introduced on the 23.04.2007 at the ICMCTF-conference in San Diego:
Morstein, M., Cselle, T., Coddet, O., Holubar, P., Jilek; M., Luemkemann, A., Torp, B.: Rotating ARC PVD Cathodes - Five Years of Dependable High Performance
2
Configurations
1 1
A: p
311-13 Configuration 3 2 4 3 2 4
®
3x LARC : LAteral Rotating Cathodes
Target size: Ø96 x 510 mm
®
1x CERC : CEntral Rotating Cathode
Target size: Ø110 x 510 mm
Usable plasma volume: Ø485 - Ø185 mm x H440 mm
Highest productivity for coating of cutting shank tools and inserts.
3 cathodes in action at the same time:
Free programmable switching between cathode 2 and 4; between operation mode p
311-13 and operation mode p
311-03,
even during deposition process.

B: p
311-03 Configuration
®
3x LARC : LAteral Rotating Cathodes
Target size: Ø96 x 510 mm
®
No CERC : CEntral Rotating Cathode
Usable plasma volume: Ø485 x H 440 mm
For coating large-volume work pieces, especially molds
and dies as well as machine parts.

nATCRo3®: Deposition process

rirpleCoating3®
Triple
Ti
Tr

CrTiN AlTiN AlTiCrN/SiN


1. step:
Adhesion layer CrTiN AlSi
2
3 1
Cr Ti

2. step:
Al(Ti)
Core layer AlTiN

3. step: 4
Top layer nATCRo® 3
PLATIT
General Information
• Compact hard coating unit
• Based on PLATIT LARC® technology
(LAteral Rotating Cathodes)
• Coating on tool steels (TS) above 230 °C,
high speed steels (HSS) 350 - 500 °C and on
tungsten carbide (WC) between 350 - 600 °C

Hard Coatings
®
• Standard: TiN, TiAlN, AlTiN, nACo
® ®
• Optional: TiCN-MP, TiCN, cVIc , TiAlCN, GRADVIc ,
® ®
CrN, CROMVIc , CrTiN, CROMTIVIc , Ti2N, ZrN,
AlCrN, AlTiCrN, nACo®, Fǐ-VIc®, nACRo®, nACVIc®
• Monolayers, multilayers, nanogradients, nanolayers,
nanocomposites, and their combinations
• Selected TripleCoatings3®

Hardware
• Foot print: W1890 x D1500 x H2120 mm
• Vacuum chamber with internal sizes of:
W450 x D320(460) x H615 mm
• Usable plasma volume: Ø355 x H440 mm Electronics and Software
• Turbo molecular pump with pendulum valve • Industrial PC and PLC system
• Revolutionary rotating (tubular) cathode system • Control system with touch-screen menu driven concept
®
with 2 LARC cathodes: • Manual and automatic process control
®
• LARC target size: Ø96 x 510 mm • Data logging and real-time viewing of process parameters
• Magnetic Coil Confinement (MACC) for ARC control • Remote diagnostics
• Virtual Shutter® and Tube Shutters® • No programming knowledge is required for
• Ionic plasma cleaning: process control
• etching with gas (Ar/H2); glow discharge, • Operator's manual on CD-ROM
• metal ion etching (Ti, Cr) • Upgradeable to p 111+DLC and p 111+OXI on user's place
• Pulsed BIAS
• 5 (+1) gas channels, 4 (+1) MFC controlled
• Special heaters with dust filter
• Electrical connection:
3x400V, 100A external fuse 50-60 Hz, 30 kW

TripleCoatings3® Depositable by the p


111
Color Nanohardness Thickness Friction (fretting) Max. usage Symbol
up to [GPa] [µm] coefficient temperature [°C] color
Classics 1 nACo3
®
violet-blue 45 / 34 1-7 0.45 1200 / 900

AlXN3® 4 AlTiCrN3® black 38 / 32 1-7 0.4 900

SiX3® 6 TiXCo3® copper 47 / 40 1-3 0.55 1100 / 1200


7 nACoX3® black 30 / 40 7 - 18 0.4 1200
4
TripleCoatings3 made in
®
and PL1001
Deposition of Triple Structures in p
111
Cathode configuration: AlCr - Ti AlTiCrN3®

Toplayer: AlCrN
Core layer: AlTiCrN
Adhesion layer: TiN

Position 1: AlCr-cathode Position 2: Ti-cathode Triple Structure: TiN - AlTiCrN - AlCrN


nACo3®

Toplayer: TiSiN
Core layer: TiAlSiN
Adhesion layer: TiSiN

Position 1: AlTi-cathode Position 2: TiSi-cathode


Cathode configuration: AlTi - TiSi Triple Structure: TiSiN - TiAlSiN - TiSiN

Deposition of Triple Structures in PL1001

Cathode configuration: Cr - AlTi - Cr - AlTi AlTiCrN3®

Toplayer: AlTiCrN
Core layer: AlTiN
Adhesion layer: CrN

Triple Structure: CrN - AlTiN - AlTiCrN


AlTiCrN3®

Toplayer: AlTiCrN
Cr

Ti
Al

Core layer: AlCrN


Adhesion layer: TiN
Cr
Ti

Al

Cathode configuration: Ti - AlCr - Ti - AlCr Triple Structure: Ti-AlCrN-AlTiCrN


5
TripleCoatings3 - Overview
®

The classics with Nanocomposites: for UNIVERSAL use


nACo3® Standard TripleCoatings3
®


TiN - AlTiN - TiAlN/SiN The TripleCoatings are the results of the systematic coating
p 311: 1:Ti - 2:AlSi - 3:no - 4:AlTi development of PLATIT.
p 111: 1:AlTi - 2:TiSi The high flexibility of the rotating cathodes makes a great
variablity of coatings possible, available for universal use or
dedicated to special applications.

Dedicated TripleCoatings3
®

nACRo3®
CrN - AlTiCrN - AlCrN/SiN
p 311: 1:no - 2:AlSi - 3:Cr - 4:AlTi

TripleCoatings3®

nATCRo3®: HSS Machining Numbering for cathodes' positions in p


311
TiCrN - AlTiN - AlTiCrN/SiN 4
p 311: 1:Ti - 2:AlSi - 3:Cr - 4:AlTi

1
2
6 3
AlXN3 : TripleCoatings3® without Silicon
®

AlCrN3®
CrN - Al/CrN Multi/Nanolayer - AlTiN
p
311: 1:Ti - 2:Al - 3:Cr - 4:no

AlTiCrN3®
Cr(Ti)N - AlTiCrN - AlCrN
p 311: 1:Ti - 2:Al - 3:Cr - 4:no
p 111: 1: AlCr - 2:Ti
PL1001: 1:Cr - 2:AlTi - 3:Cr - 4:AlTi

SiX :Tuned TripleCoatings3® with Silicon


TiXCo3®: For Superhard Machining


X=0, B or Cr ; TiN - nACo – TiSi(X)N
p
311: 1:Ti – 2:AlSi – 3:TiSi(X) – 4:no
p
111: 1:AlTi – 2: TiSi

nACoX3®: For Dry Turning


TiN – AlTiN – nACo – AlCrO(N)
p
311: 1:Ti – 2:AlSi – 3:AlCr – 4:AlTi
p
111: 1: AlCr – 2:TiSi

Dedicated for user's application


A: p311: 1:Al - 2:AlSi - 3:Cr - 4:no
UserA's-Triple: CrN - AlCrN-Multilayer/SiN - AlCrN/SiN
B: p311: 1:Ti - 2:AlSiY - 3:Cr - 4:AlTi
UserB's-Triple: TiN - AlTiN - AlTiYN/SiN
C: p311: 1:Ti - 2:Al - 3:CrSi - 4:AlTi
UserC's-Triple: TiN - AlTiN - CrSiN
D: E: F:........
7
TripleCoatings3®
Dry Hard Milling at 60.5 HRC with nACo3®
After milling Lf= 444 m = 3.5 hours

Special market coating-1 Special market coating-2


for hard milling AlTiN-D for hard milling AlTiN-X nACo3®

Material: 1.2080 - X210Cr12 (Hardness = 60,5 HRC)


After milling Lf= 888 m = 7 hours Tools: Solid carbide ball nose end mills - d=10 mm – z=2
n =10445 min-1, vc=0-328 m/min - ap = 0.14mm, ae = 0.1mm, fz = 0.1mm, external cold air nozzle

Interrupted Dry Turning with Coated Ceramic Inserts by nACo3®


Max. Number of Cuts at VBmax = 0.2 mm
14 13
12
10
8
6
4 3
4
2 1 1 1
2
0
CVD-1 CVD-2 CVD-3 PVD-1 CBN-1 CBN-2 nACo3®
Material: Austempered Ductile Cast Iron, ADI 900, ≈325 HBWT2,5/187,5
Inserts: CNGX 120716 ceramic - vc=270 m/min, f = 0.4mm - ap=2mm, dry
Tested by GFE, Schmalkalden

Milling with Insert Head using nACRo3®


50
45 42 43
39 40
40
35
35 33
31
tool life; [min]

30 28
25
nACo3-gold = TiN + AlTiN + TiAlN/SiN + TiN
tool-1

tool-1

tool-1
tool-1

tool-2

tool-2

tool-2
tool-2

20
15
10
5
0
AlTiN AlTiN gold nACo3-gold nACRo3-gold
nACRo3-gold = CrN + AlTiCrN + CrAlN/SiN + TiN
Dry cutting with milling head – Inserts: SPKN 1203 EDSR - Work piece material: Ck45
vc=279 m/min – ap=2mm – fz=0.244 mm/z – ae=100 mm – Source: ZCU Pilsen – SHM, Sumperk, CZ
8
Applications
Fine Punching with nACRo3®
Number of punched work pieces 17'000'000
18'000'000
16'000'000
14'000'000
12'000'000
10'000'000
8'000'000
6'000'000
4'000'000 2'000'000
2'000'000
0 3®
conventional PVD-coating nACRo

Source, Stepper, Pforzheim, Germany

Micro Hobbing using AlCrN3®


0.07
0.06 Standard
coating
0.05 of the tool
flank wear [µm]

0.04 manufacturer

0.03 AlTiCrN -

0.02 version 1

0.01 AlTiCrN3® -
0 version 2
0 100 200 300 400 500
tool life Lf [m]
Dry micro hobbing – vc=200 m/min
Source: Tool Manufacturer Japan

Hobbing with AlTiCrN3®


tool life [work pieces]
6000
TiAlN AlCrN AlTiCrN3®
5000

4000

3000
4650

2000
3300
2775

1000

0
1-3 4-6 7-9 10 - 12 Average
Tool number Scatter
Work piece material: 34CrNiMo6 (1.6582)
vc=45m/min, fn=0.12 mm/rev, RPM=500
Coolant with oil - Source: Unimerco, Sund, DK
9
TripleCoatings3®
Dedicated for Applications and Users
Hard Turning using Coated CBN-Inserts with Special Adhesion Structure for nACo3®
6000 5370
4955
5000

tool life; Lf [m]


4000 3340
3233 2883
3000
2000
1000
0
Adhesion layer with different interfaces

with monoblock

with multilayer
Multilayer coating; AlTiN

with gradient
interface-1

interface-2

interface-3
Top layer; nACo

uncoated

nACo3®

nACo3®
nACo3
TiN
Adhesion layer 2 Mat: 100Cr6 – 63 HRC – vc=140 m/min – f=0.12mm –
Adhesion layer 0 Adhesion layer 1 Gradient adhesion layer
CBN CBN CBN ap=0.2mm dry - Source: GFE, Schmalkalden, Germany

Hard Milling using Dedicated Coating TiXCo3®


183 VBave
180
VBmax
160
140
120
VB [µm]

102 97
100 86 72
80 67
60
60
44
40
20
0
nACRo3 TiXCo3
® ®
AlTiN (market) AlTiN + AlCrN
(market)
Torus end mill in cold-working steel X210Cr12 (1.2080) - 61.5 HRCØ 8 mm - z=4 - ap=0.1mm - ae=3mm vc=100m
min-1 - n=4000min-1 - fz=0.2mm - vf=3200mm min-1 - dry - Source: Development project LMT Fette-PLATIT

High Speed Dry Turning with Dedicated Oxynitride-Coating nACoX3®


Tool life; Tc [min]

50

40
nACoX3®
30
Pramet Tools CNMG 120408-PM nACo3®
AlCrON
AlCrN 20 Standard coating
nACo = TiAlN / SiN of the insert manufacturer
TiN = Adhesion layer
10

0
200 250 300 315 330 350
Cutting speed; vc [m/min]
vc=250…350 m/min, f=0.25mm/rev, a=1.5 mm
10 Material: C60 (1.1221), HB225 tool life end criterium: VBmax≤200 µm - Measured at TH Budapest
Coating Properties
ColorNanohardness Thickness Friction (fretting) Max. usage Symbol
up to [GPa] [µm] coefficient temperature [°C] color
1* TiN gold 24 1-7 0.55 600
Basic

2 TiAlN-ML; Ti/Al ~ 50/50% violet-black 28 1-4 0.60 700


3 TiAlN-G; Ti/Al > 50/50% violet-black 32 1-4 0.60 750
4* TiCN-MP red-copper 32 1-4 0.20 400
CBC|DLC2 as top coating only grey 20 | 25 0.5 | 5 0.15 | 0.1 400 | 450
5 TiCN-grey blue-grey 37 1-4 0.20 400
6* cVIc® grey 20 / 37 1-5 0.15 400
7* cVIc2® grey 25 / 37 1-5 0.1 450
8 SuperTiN gold 28 1-7 0.40 500 S
9 AlTiN-ML; Ti/Al ≥ 40/60% black 33 1-4 0.70 850
10 AlTiN-G; Ti/Al ≥ 40/60% black 34 1-4 0.70 900
11 TiAlCN burgundy-violet 33 1-4 0.30 500
12 GRADVIc® grey 20 / 33 1.5 - 5 0.15 400
Optional

13 GRADVIc2® grey 25 / 33 1.5 - 5 0.1 450 - 500


14* CrN metal-silver 18 1-7 0.30 700
15* CROMVIc® grey 20 / 18 1 - 10 0.15 400
16* CROMVIc2® grey 25 / 18 1 - 10 0.1 450 - 700
17* CrTiN metal-silver / gold 30 1-7 0.40 600
®
18* CROMTIVIc grey 20 / 30 1 - 10 0.15 400
19* CROMTIVIc2® grey 25 / 30 1 - 10 0.1 450 - 600
20 Ti2N silver 25 1-4 0.45 600
21 ZrN white-gold 20 1-4 0.40 550
22 AlCrN blue-grey 32 1-4 0.60 900
23 AlTiCrN blue-grey 34 1-4 0.55 850
24 nACo®-G violet-blue 45 1-4 0.45 1200
Nanocomposite

®
25 Fǐ-VIc grey 20 / 30 1-6 0.15 400
26 Fǐ-VIc2® grey 25 / 30 1-6 0.1 450 - 1200
®
27 nACRo blue-grey 40 1-7 0.35 1100
28 nACVIc® grey 20 / 30 1 - 10 0.15 400
29 nACVIc2® grey 25 / 30 1 - 10 0.1 450 - 1100
30 nACo 3 ®
violet-blue 45 / 34 1-7 0.45 1200 / 900
Triple

31 nACRo3® blue-grey 40 / 34 1-7 0.35 1100 / 900


32 AlCrN3® black 38 / 32 1-7 0.40 900
33 AlTiCrN3® Tr rirpleCoatings3
Triple
Ti ®
blue-grey 32 / 34 1-7 0.6 900
*LT: Low temperature processes possible.

Application Recommendations for TripleCoatings3®


For some applications, dedicated TripleCoatings3® will lead to a higher performance than standard coatings.

Cutting Chipless
Drilling Milling Hobbing Tapping Reaming Forming
HSS HM HSS HM HSS HM
nACRo3 nACo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 AlTiCrN3 nACRo3 nACo3
® ® ® ® ® ® ® ® ®
Steels nACVIc nACVIc
nACo3 nACo3 AlCrN3 nACRo3 nACo3
® ® ® ® ®
Hardened steels
nACRo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 nACo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 nACRo3
® ® ® ® ® ® ®
Cast Iron
nACRo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 nACRo3 nACo3
® ® ® ® ® ® ® ®
Aluminium (> 12% Si) nACVIc nACVIc
Super alloys 3® 3® 3® 3® 3® 3® ®
11
nACo nACo AlTiCrN nACRo nACRo nACo nACVIc
PLATIT AG
Advanced Coating Systems
Eichholz St. 9
Advanced Coating Systems CH-2545 Selzach / SO
Switzerland
SWISS QUALITY
Phone: +41 (32) 544 62 00
Fax: +41 (32) 544 62 20
E-Mail: info@platit.com
Web: www.platit.com

PL50, PL200, Mo299,


111 and

CZECH REPUBLIC SWITZERLAND CZECH REPUBLIC


80, p
Service for the units

Service for the units

PL1000 and PL2000


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PL70, p

Advanced Coating Systems Rue d'industrie 11 LISS a.s.


Prumyslova 3 CH-1632 Riaz Dopravni 2603
CZ-78701 Sumperk CZ-75661 Roznov p. R.
p

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311

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Headquarters
Moosstrasse 68
CH-2540 Grenchen
Switzerland
Phone: +41 (32) 654 26 00
Editor: Dr. Tibor Cselle

© 2010 PLATIT AG. All rights reserved. Specifications subject to change. All
Design:

® signed trademarks are registered by the BCI Group. Several technologies


described herein are protected by international patents. EV3 TripleCoatings