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Philosophizing is a way to reveal the truth about the various stages of life and everything

associated with it and to reveal the fulfillment of the purpose for each stage of the life and to
express the way for the realization of these things are in a relevant way, inORDER to obtain
the best compromise of all that we face. Through philosophizing should not merely deepening
our understanding about something, but that we are more aware about how something can be
beneficial to us or not with a certain way peculiar to ourselves personally. Whether we are using
logical thinking, spirituality or any other means to understand something, but eventually, it
must guide us to an essential (deeper) understanding about ourselves and place where we live
and that can be used by us to make a better adjustment in all that we face.

1. Logical Analysis—this method is incredibly typical of analytic philosophy, and as


someone who tends toward that style, I employ this method all the time. I think that the
benefit of this approach is multifaceted. First, it allows the reader of an argument to get
practice at identifying solid arguments, and therefore serves the purpose not only of
aiding refutation, but also makes one less prone to making flawed arguments
themselves. Second, this is a very systemized approach to philosophy, which relies on
methods of deduction and one’s ability to master said methods. As a result, I feel gives
the arguer a relatively high level of confidence in their work, so long as they have reason
to presume their premises to be true. I frequently employ this method in almost every
single course, but most commonly when I encounter well laid out, deductive arguments
because of the easy accessibility. I do not employ this method when responding to
inductive arguments, since I do not find these particularly persuasive or complex
enough to require in depth analysis (Nesche, 2014).
2. Analytic Philosophy (or sometimes Analytical Philosophy) is a 20th Century movement
in philosophy which holds that philosophy should apply logical techniques in order to
attain conceptual clarity, and that philosophy should be consistent with the success of
modern science. For many Analytic Philosophers, language is the principal (perhaps the
only) tool, and philosophy consists in clarifying how language can be used.Analytic
Philosophy is also used as a catch-all phrase to include all (mainly Anglophone)
branches of contemporary philosophy not included under the label Continental
Philosophy, such as Logical Positivism, Logicism and Ordinary Language Philosophy. To
some extent, these various schools all derive from pioneering work at Cambridge
University in the early 20th Century and then at Oxford University after World War II,
although many contributors were in fact originally from Continental Europe.Analytic
Philosophy as a specific movement was led by Bertrand Russell, Alfred North
Whitehead, G. E. Moore and Ludwig Wittgenstein. Turning away from then-dominant
forms of Hegelianism, (particularly objecting to its Idealism and its almost deliberate
obscurity), they began to develop a new sort of conceptual analysis based on new
developments in Logic, and succeeded in making substantial contributions to
philosophical Logic over the first half of the 20th Century (Mastin, 2008).
3. Phenomenology is a broad discipline and method of inquiry in philosophy, developed
largely by the German philosophers Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger, which is
based on the premise that reality consists of objects and events (“phenomena”) as they
are perceived or understood in the human consciousness, and not of anything
independent of human consciousness. It can be considered a branch of Metaphysics and
of Philosophy of Mind, although many of it proponents claim that it is related to, but
distinct from, the other key disciplines in philosophy (Metaphysics, Epistemology, Logic
and Ethics), and that it represents more a distinct way of looking at philosophy which
has repercussions on all of these other fields. It has been argued that it differs from
other branches of philosophy in that it tends to be more descriptive than prescriptive. It
is only distantly related to the epistemological doctrine of Phenomenalism (the theory
that physical objects do not exist as things in themselves but only as perceptual
phenomena or bundles of sense-data situated in time and in space). Phenomenology is
the study of experience and how we experience. It studies structures of conscious
experience as experienced from a subjective or first-person point of view, along with its
“intentionality” (the way an experience is directed toward a certain object in the world).
It then leads to analyses of conditions of the possibility of intentionality, conditions
involving motor skills and habits, background social practices and, often,
language. Experience, in a phenomenological sense, includes not only the relatively
passive experiences of sensory perception, but also imagination, thought, emotion,
desire, volition and action. In short, it includes everything that we live through or
perform. Thus, we may observe and engage with other things in the world, but we do not
actually experience them in a first-person manner. What makes an experience conscious
is a certain awareness one has of the experience while living through or performing it.
However, as Heidegger has pointed out, we are often not explicitly conscious of our
habitual patterns of action, and the domain of Phenomenology may spread out into
semi-conscious and even unconscious mental activity (Mastin, 2008).
4. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and
choice. It is the view that humans define their own meaning in life, and try to make
rational decisions despite existing in an irrational universe. It focuses on the question of
human existence, and the feeling that there is no purpose or explanation at the core of
existence. It holds that, as there is no God or any other transcendent force, the only way
to counter this nothingness (and hence to find meaning in life) is by embracing
existence. Thus, Existentialism believes that individuals are entirely free and must take
personal responsibility for themselves (although with this responsibility comes angst, a
profound anguish or dread). It therefore emphasizes action, freedom and decision as
fundamental, and holds that the only way to rise above the essentially absurd condition
of humanity (which is characterized by suffering and inevitable death) is by exercising
our personal freedom and choice (a complete rejection of Determinism). Often,
Existentialism as a movement is used to describe those who refuse to belong to any
school of thought, repudiating of the adequacy of any body of beliefs or systems,
claiming them to be superficial, academic and remote from life. Although it has much in
common with Nihilism, Existentialism is more a reaction against traditional
philosophies, such as Rationalism, Empiricism and Positivism, that seek to discover an
ultimate order and universal meaning in metaphysical principles or in the structure of
the observed world. It asserts that people actually make decisions based on what has
meaning to them, rather than what is rational. Existentialism originated with the 19th
Century philosophers Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche, although neither used
the term in their work. In the 1940s and 1950s, French existentialists such as Jean-Paul
Sartre, Albert Camus (1913 – 1960), and Simone de Beauvoir (1908 – 1986) wrote
scholarly and fictional works that popularized existential themes, such as dread,
boredom, alienation, the absurd, freedom, commitment and nothingness (Mastin,
2008).