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PLATE NO.

Title:

DESIGN OF A SCREW CONVEYOR

Objective:

To develop the students’ ability to design a screw-type or auger-type conveyor

Introduction:

Methodology:

1. Given

conveying capacity 35TPH


conveying distance 45 m
conveying profile
product to be conveyed rice (paddy)

2. Components of a screw conveyor

3. Design specification summary

conveying capacity 35 TPH


conveying distance 45 m
conveying profile
product to be conveyed rice (paddy)
approximate capacity 42.67 TPH
screw diameter 15 inches
casing diameter 16 inches
screw shaft diameter 2.57 inches
no. of hanger bearings 26
actual power required 17 hp

Assumption:

vertical lift or height 45 m


horizontal carry 45 m
degree of inclination 40⁰
screw diameter 15 inches
speed 80 rpm
product bulk density 36 lb/ft3
material factor 0.4
km 0.35
kn 1

Calculation:
(𝑠𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑤 𝑝𝑖𝑡𝑐ℎ)(𝑒𝑓𝑓𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑣𝑒 𝑐𝑠𝑎)
𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = (𝑁)(𝑘𝑚 )(𝑘𝑛 )
28.8
𝜋(15)2
(15)( 4 )
𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = (80)(0.35)(1)
28.8
𝑓𝑡 3⁄
𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 2577.08 ℎ𝑟 ≈ 42.67 𝑇𝑃𝐻

degree of inclination capacity/time


0⁰ 260 lb/min
39.25⁰ 230 lb/min
54.75⁰ 200 lb/min

40 − 39.25 54.75 − 40
=
𝑥 − 230 200 − 𝑥
𝑥 = 229 𝑙𝑏⁄𝑚𝑖𝑛

229
𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 =
260
𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 = 0.8807

𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = (𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦)(𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑖𝑜𝑛 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟)


𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = (42.67)(0.8807)
𝑐𝑜𝑟𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑎𝑝𝑝𝑟𝑜𝑥𝑖𝑚𝑎𝑡𝑒 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 37.6 𝑇𝑃𝐻

37.6 − 35
𝑒𝑥𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = (100)
35
𝑒𝑥𝑐𝑒𝑠𝑠 𝑐𝑎𝑝𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑡𝑦 = 7.43%
7.43% < 10% − 𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑑!

𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ = √2(45)2
𝑙𝑒𝑛𝑔𝑡ℎ = 63.64𝑚 ≈ 208.8 𝑓𝑡

𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 𝑠𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑤 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 + 1


𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 15 + 1
𝑐𝑎𝑠𝑖𝑛𝑔 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 16 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ𝑒𝑠

𝑎𝑙𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒 = 0.5 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ

recommendation: 1 hanger bearing per 8 ft screw conveyor length


𝐿
𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠 =
8
208.8
𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠 =
8
𝑛𝑜. 𝑜𝑓 ℎ𝑎𝑛𝑔𝑒𝑟 𝑏𝑒𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑠 = 26

𝐶𝐿𝑊𝐹
𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 =
33000
(37.83)(208.8)(36)(0.4)
𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 =
33000
𝑡ℎ𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑒𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 = 4 ℎ𝑝

100
(((𝑁)(𝐿)(𝐹𝑏 )) + ((𝐶)(𝐿1 )(𝐹𝑝 )) + ((1.2𝐻)(𝐶)) + 𝑥)
𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 = 𝐸
33000
where:

E - effective conveyance (95%)

H - vertical distance (assume 131 ft)

Fb - factor of bearing friction (2.33)

Fp - power factor (1)

x - auxiliary equipment

100
(((80)(208.8)(2.33)) + ((1536)(147.6)(1)) + ((1.2(147.6))(1536)) + 0)
𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = 95
33000
𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 𝑝𝑜𝑤𝑒𝑟 𝑟𝑒𝑞𝑢𝑖𝑟𝑒𝑑 = 17 ℎ𝑝

17
𝑇 = 63000( )
80
𝑇 = 13388 𝑖𝑛ℎ𝑟

16𝑇𝑘 1⁄
𝑠𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑤 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑓𝑡 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = ( ) 3
𝜋𝑠𝑠
where:
k - 1.5 (assume minor shock)
ss - 6000 psi
(16)(13388)(1.5) 1⁄
𝑠𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑤 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑓𝑡 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = ( ) 3
𝜋(6000)
𝑠𝑐𝑟𝑒𝑤 𝑠ℎ𝑎𝑓𝑡 𝑑𝑖𝑎𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 2.57 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ𝑒𝑠

recommended shaft sizes

screw diameter (inches) shaft diameter (inches)


10 1.5
12 2
16 3

Remarks:

References: