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# Department of Mathematics Tutorial 1

UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM & ENERGY STUDIES, DEHRADUN
Program B. Tech (All SoCS Branches) Semester I
Course Mathematics-I Course Code MATH 1002
Session July-Dec 2018 Topic Matrices

1. Using elementary operations, to reduce the following matrices into echelon form and find
their rank.
1 2 3 1
0 1 2  1 3 3 2

(i) 1 2 3  (ii)  
2 4 3 3 
3 1 1  
1 1 1 1

2. Reduce the following matrices into normal form, and hence find the rank of matrices.
3 4 1 1
2 4 3 6  8 1 3 6
A    
(i) (ii) A   0 3 2 2
 1 2 6 4 
   8 1 3 4
 1 1 2 3

1 1 1 0 
4 4 3 1 
3. For what value of k, the rank of given matrix A   is 3.
k 2 2 2
 
9 9 k 3
4. Determine the values of and for which the system
2 3 6
3 5 9
2 5
has (i) no solution, (ii) unique solution, and (iii) infinite number of solutions. And also
find the solutions in case of (ii) and (iii).

## 5. Discuss that the consistency of a system of linear equations x  y  z  6, x  2 y  3z  14

and x  4 y  7 z  30 and hence, find its solution.
6. Determine the value of such that the system of homogeneous equations
2 2 0; 3 0; 4 3 0 has (i) trivial solution and (ii) non-
trivial solution. Find the non-trivial solution.

Department of Mathematics Tutorial 1

7. Show that the vectors 2, 3, 1, 1; 2, 3, 1, 2;
4, 6, 2, 1 are linearly dependent. Express one of the vectors as a linear combination of
the others.

8. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of following matrices:

 2 1 1  6 2 2 
(i) A   1 1 2  (ii) A   2 3 1
   
 1 2 1   2 1 3 
1 4 
9. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A    and hence, find the matrix, which
2 3
is represented by the expression A5  4 A4  7 A3  11A2  A  10 I .
1 2 3
10. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A   2 4 5  and hence find and .
 
 3 5 6 
Express the matrix 11 4 11 3 2 as a quadratic
polynomial in .

11. Show that the following matrices are diagonalizable. Also, find the diagonal form and a
diagonalzing matrix P .

 9 4 4  1 6 1 
(i) A   8 3 4  (ii) A  1 2 0 
   
 16 8 7   0 0 3 