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Comunicação - SONOLOGIA

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ASPECTOS METODOLÓGICOS DA PESQUISA EM EXPRESSIVIDADE


MUSICAL A PARTIR DE INFORMAÇÃO DE MOVIMENTO CORPORAL

(XOHUGD&XQKD)UDQFLVFR7HL[HLUD
Programa de Pós-Graduação em Engenharia Elétrica da UFMG - eulerbh@yahoo.com

0DXULFLR$OYHV/RXUHLUR
Departamento de Instrumentos e Canto da UFMG - mauricioloureiro@ufmg.br

+DQL&DPLOOH<HKLD
Departamento de Eletrônica da UFMG - hani@cefala.org

Resumo: 7UDWDVH GH XP SURMHWR TXH YHP FRQVROLGDU SURSRVWDV DQWHULRUHV IRFDGDV QR HVWXGR HPStULFR GD H[SUHVVLYLGDGH
PXVLFDODSDUWLUGHPHGLomRHDQiOLVHREMHWLYDGHLQIRUPDomRGHFRQWH~GRPXVLFDOH[WUDtGDGRVLQDOGHiXGLRHGHYtGHR
GD SHUIRUPDQFH PXVLFDO YLVDQGR HQWHQGHU H TXDQWL¿FDU DV LQWHQo}HV H[SUHVVLYDV GR LQWpUSUHWH 1HVWD HWDSD EXVFDPRV
DYDQoDUDFRPSUHHQVmRGRVSURFHVVRVGHSURGXomRHSHUFHSomRGDP~VLFDDSDUWLUGDLGHQWL¿FDomRGDLQWHQomRH[SUHVVLYD
GRLQWpUSUHWH
Palavras Chave: H[WUDomRGHLQIRUPDomRPXVLFDOJHVWRPXVLFDOJHVWRFRUSRUDOGDSHUIRUPDQFHPXVLFDODQiOLVHVRQROyJLFD
GDSHUIRUPDQFHPXVLFDOH[SUHVVLYLGDGHPXVLFDO

1. Introdução

$H[SUHVVLYLGDGHPXVLFDOpXPFRQFHLWRGHGLItFLOTXDQWL¿FDomRHDQiOLVHREMHWLYD+iDOJXPDV
GpFDGDV R SUREOHPD YHP VHQGR DERUGDGR SRU PpWRGRV TXH EXVFDP GHVFUHYHU DV LQWHQo}HV H[SUHVVLYDV GR
LQWpUSUHWH D SDUWLU GH DQiOLVH GR iXGLR GH H[HFXo}HV PXVLFDLV H PDLV UHFHQWHPHQWH WDPEpP GR YtGHR TXH
EXVFDPHVWDEHOHFHUUHODo}HVHQWUHSDUkPHWURVDF~VWLFRVHYLVXDLVFRPDVLQWHQo}HVH[SUHVVLYDVGRLQWpUSUHWH2
REMHWLYRGHVVHWUDEDOKRIRLSURSRUPHWRGRORJLDVGHDQiOLVHGRPRYLPHQWRFRUSRUDOTXHSRVVDPUHYHODUUHODo}HV
FDXVDLVHQWUHRVJHVWRVItVLFRVGRLQWpUSUHWHHVXDVLQWHQo}HVH[SUHVVLYDVHPXPDGHWHUPLQDGDXPDSHUIRUPDQFH
PXVLFDO(VWHHVWXGRSUHOLPLQDUUDVWUHRXSDGU}HVGHPRYLPHQWRVFRUSRUDLVGHFODULQHWLVWDVGXUDQWHDH[HFXomR
GHXPUHSHUWyULRFOiVVLFREXVFDQGRGH¿QLUJHVWRVItVLFRVGHFXUWDGXUDomRFRHUHQWHVHUHFRUUHQWHVDSDUWLUGH
XPDVHJPHQWDomRPRUIROyJLFDHFLQHVWpVLFDGHVVHVPRYLPHQWRVHHVWDEHOHFHUXPPRGHORGHFRPSDUDomRHQWUH
LQWHUSUHWDo}HVGLVWLQWDVGHXPDPHVPRH[FHUWRPXVLFDODVVLPFRPRHQWUHSDVVDJHQVGHFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVGLVWLQWDV
GHQWURGHXPPHVPRH[FHUWR3UHWHQGHVHGHVHQYROYHUXPDPHWRGRORJLDGHDQiOLVHGRPRYLPHQWRFRUSRUDO
HPSHUIRUPDQFHPXVLFDODVHULQWHJUDGDDXPPRGHORGHDQiOLVHDF~VWLFDGDH[SUHVVLYLGDGHGHSHUIRUPDQFH
PXVLFDOHPLQVWUXPHQWRVPRQRI{QLFRVGHVHQYROYLGRHPHVWXGRVDQWHULRUHV /285(,52%25*(6 et al.
/285(,52&$032/,1$ et al./285(,52<(+,$ et al. 

2. Aquisição de Dados

)RUDPXVDGRVQHVWHHVWXGRJUDYDo}HVGHGLIHUHQWHVH[HFXo}HVGHH[FHUWRVGRUHSHUWyULRFOiVVLFR
SDUDFODULQHWDVRORR4XLQWHWRSDUD&ODULQHWDH4XDUWHWRGH&RUGDVHP/i0DLRU.YHR&RQFHUWRSDUD
&ODULQHWDH2UTXHVWUDHP/i0DLRU.YGH:$0R]DUWDPERVVHPRDFRPSDQKDPHQWRGRTXDUWHWR

Anais do XX Congresso da ANPPOM 2010 1364


Comunicação - SONOLOGIA
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RXGDRUTXHVWUD(VWHVWUHFKRVIRUDPH[HFXWDGRVSRUFODULQHWLVWDVSUR¿VVLRQDLVGD8)0*HGD2UTXHVWUD
)LODUP{QLFD GH 0LQDV *HUDLV )RL VROLFLWDGR DRV LQWpUSUHWHV TXH H[HFXWDVVHP FDGD WUHFKR D SDUWLU GH 
LQVWUXo}HVGLVWLQWDV3ULPHLURH[HFXWDUFDGDWUHFKRFRPH[SUHVVmRFRPRQXPDVLWXDomRUHDOGHFRQFHUWR
GHSRLV H[HFXWDU FDGD WUHFKR VHJXLQGR XP PHWU{QRPR PDUFDQGR VHPtQLPD SDUD DQGDPHQWRV UiSLGRV RX
FROFKHLD SDUD DQGDPHQWRV OHQWRV H SRU ~OWLPR H[HFXWDU FDGD WUHFKR VHJXLQGR R PHWU{QRPR PDUFDQGR D
PtQLPDSDUDDQGDPHQWRVUiSLGRVHVHPtQLPDSDUDDQGDPHQWRVOHQWRV2PRYLPHQWRFRUSRUDOGRLQWpUSUHWH
IRLREWLGRGHJUDYDo}HVGHWUHFKRVPXVLFDLVVHOHFLRQDGRVFRPDXWLOL]DomRGROPTOTRAK CERTUS, um sistema
GHFDSWXUDGHSRVLomRHVSDFLDOWULGLPHQVLRQDOGHDOWDSUHFLVmR PPDWD[DVGHDPRVWUDJHQVGHDWp
+] 2HTXLSDPHQWRXWLOL]DWUrVFkPHUDVSDUDH[WUDomRGHDWpSRQWRVVLPXOWDQHDPHQWHHSHUPLWHFDSWXUD
VLPXOWkQHDHVtQFURQDGHiXGLR
(VWD IDVH LQLFLDO GR SURMHWR VH UHVWULQJLX DSHQDV DR PRYLPHQWR GD FDEHoD GR P~VLFR 4XDWUR
PDUFDGRUHV IRUDP XVDGRV SDUD GH¿QLU XP FRUSR UtJLGR UHSUHVHQWDQGR D FDEHoD GR LQWpUSUHWH RV TXDLV
IRUDPDFRSODGRVPHFDQLFDPHQWHFRPRXVRGHXPDDUPDomR¿[DGDQDFDEHoDGRP~VLFRFRQVWUXtGDFRP
HVSHWRVGHPDGHLUDHFRODGHIRUPDDVHUOHYHHQmRSUHMXGLFDUDH[HFXomR2VLVWHPDIRUQHFHXXPDVpULH
WHPSRUDO GH XP FRQMXQWR GH FRRUGHQDGDV HP VHLV GLPHQV}HV SDUD R FRUSR UtJLGR GH¿QLGR SHOR FRQMXQWR
GHTXDWURPDUFDGRUHV¿[RVQDFDEHoDWUrVFRRUGHQDGDVGHSRVLomRGRFHQWUyLGH HPPLOtPHWURV HPXP
VLVWHPDFDUWHVLDQRWULGLPHQVLRQDOHWUrVFRRUGHQDGDVGHURWDomRGRFRUSR HPUDGLDQRV HPWRUQRGHFDGD
HL[RGRVLVWHPD$WD[DGHDPRVWUDJHPGHUDVWUHDPHQWRXWLOL]DGDIRLGHTXDGURVSRUVHJXQGR2iXGLRIRL
FDSWXUDGRHPVLQFURQLDFRPDLQIRUPDomRGRPRYLPHQWRDXPDWD[DGHDPRVWUDJHPGHN+]HUHVROXomR
GHELWV

3. Processamento dos Dados

Segmentação das notas musicais

$GHWHFomRSUHFLVDGRVLQVWDQWHVGHOLPLWDGRUHVGDQRWDPXVLFDOQmRpXPSUREOHPDWULYLDOPHVPR
TXDQGRVHWUDWDGHVLQDLVPXVLFDLVPRQRI{QLFRVMiTXHDVXEMHWLYLGDGHQDGLVFULPLQDomRGHVWHVLQVWDQWHVQmR
SRGHVHUGHVFRQVLGHUDGD$GHWHFomRGHLQtFLRH¿QDOGHQRWDIRLIHLWDQRHQYHORSHGHHQHUJLDPpGLD 506 
GHPVGHGXUDomRXWLOL]DQGRVHXPOLPLDUDGDSWDWLYRFRPRVXJHULGRSRU'H3ROLHW0LRQ  GH¿QLGR
FRPRXPDFXUYDPpGLDGHHQHUJLD506FDOFXODGDQDYL]LQKDQoDGHFDGDSRQWRGRHQYHORSH506 VSDUDXP
VDOWRGHPV (VWDFXUYDHVWDEHOHFHXPOLPLDUDGDSWDWLYRTXHLQWHUFHSWDDFXUYDGHHQHUJLD506QDVUHJL}HV
GHWUDQVLomRHQWUHQRWDVFRQVHFXWLYDVHRVSRQWRVGHLQtFLRGHQRWDSRGHPVHUHQFRQWUDGRVDSDUWLUGRYDORU
PtQLPRGHHQHUJLDQDUHJLmRDEDL[RGROLPLDUDGDSWDWLYR$HVWLPDomRGDIUHTrQFLDIXQGDPHQWDOIDFLOLWDD
GHWHFomRGHVWHVLQVWDQWHVTXDQGRDVHJPHQWDomRGHQRWDVFRQVHFXWLYDVQmRpSRVVtYHODSHQDVDSDUWLUGHQtYHLV
GHDPSOLWXGHFRPRHPFDVRVGHQRWDVOLJDGDVHPTXHRLQVWDQWHGH¿QDOGHQRWDSRGHFRLQFLGLUFRPRLQVWDQWH
GHLQtFLRGDQRWDVHJXLQWH$SUHVHQoDGHWUDQVLHQWHVGXUDQWHDVWUDQVLo}HVGHQRWDWRUQRXSRVVtYHORXVRGR
ÀX[RHVSHFWUDOFRPRGH¿QLGRSRU0F$GDPVHWDO  QDGHWHFomRGRLQLFLRH¿QDOGHQRWDTXHFRQ¿UPRX
DPDLRULDGRVSRQWRVGHLQLFLRH¿QDOGHQRWDHVWLPDGRVSHODYDULDomRGHHQHUJLDHSHUPLWLXDGHWHFomRGHVVHV
SRQWRVRQGHRPpWRGRGDHQHUJLDIDOKRX

Anais do XX Congresso da ANPPOM 2010 1365


Comunicação - SONOLOGIA
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Segmentação do Movimento

2VGDGRVREWLGRVGRUDVWUHDPHQWRGRPRYLPHQWRIRUDPSURFHVVDGRVHXWLOL]DGRVSDUDDH[WUDomR
GHGLYHUVRVSDUkPHWURVUHIHUHQWHVDRPRYLPHQWRGDFDEHoDGRFODULQHWLVWDWDLVFRPRYHORFLGDGHHDFHOHUDomR
LQVWDQWkQHDVGHVORFDPHQWRGXUDomRHFHQWUyLGHGHVHJPHQWRVVHOHFLRQDGRV&RPD¿QDOLGDGHGHLQFRUSRUDU
LQIRUPDomRYLVXDOQRPRGHORGHDQiOLVHGHH[SUHVVLYLGDGHPXVLFDOEXVFDPRVGHVHQYROYHUXPDPHWRGRORJLD
SDUDDDQiOLVHGRVPRYLPHQWRVFRUSRUDLVTXHSDUWLXGHXPDSURSRVWDGHGH¿QLomRGHJHVWRVItVLFRVFRHUHQWHV
HUHFRUUHQWHVDSDUWLUGHSDGU}HVGHHYROXomRWHPSRUDOHHVSDFLDOQDVWUDMHWyULDVGRVPRYLPHQWRVSDUDHP
VHJXLGDVHUFRUUHODFLRQDGDjSDUWLWXUDH[HFXWDGDHjLQWHQomRH[SUHVVLYDGRDP~VLFR'HVVDIRUPDIRLSRVVtYHO
LQYHVWLJDURQGHDVLQIRUPDo}HVGHH[SUHVVLYLGDGHHVWDULDPSUHVHQWHVQRVPRYLPHQWRVGRP~VLFRFRPRHODV
VHFRPSRUWDPHTXDODVXDUHODomRFRPRFRQWH~GRHDHVWUXWXUDPXVLFDOGDSHoDWRFDGD :$1'(5/(<
9,1(6 et al.'$+/H)5,%(5* 
$V H[HFXo}HV IRUDP UHDOL]DGDV FRP R P~VLFR VHQWDGR HP XPD FDGHLUD H QHVVDV FRQGLo}HV RV
PRYLPHQWRV GD FDEHoD GHYHP GHVFUHYHU WUDMHWyULDV GH LGD H YROWD HP WRUQR GH XPD SRVLomR GH HTXLOtEULR
0&1(,//   &RQVLGHUDQGR TXH D KDELOLGDGH GH VXVWHQWDomR GR PRYLPHQWR HP XPD GHWHUPLQDGD
GLUHomRGLPLQXLULDjPHGLGDTXHDFDEHoDVHDIDVWDGDSRVLomRGHHTXLOtEULRKDYHULDXPDTXHGDQDYHORFLGDGH
UHVXOWDQWH UHODFLRQDGD FRP XPD UHYHUVmR GR VHQWLGR GR PRYLPHQWR RX XPD PXGDQoD GLUHomR $ SDUWLU
GHVWDVXSRVLomRPtQLPRVORFDLVGHYHORFLGDGHUHVXOWDQWHIRUDPFDSD]HVGHGHWHFWDUSRQWRVGHLQÀH[mRGDV
WUDMHWyULDVGRVPRYLPHQWRVSRVVLELOLWDQGRXPDSULPHLUDVHJPHQWDomRGRVGDGRVEDVWDQWHH¿FLHQWHHGHVLPSOHV
LPSOHPHQWDomR2PyGXORGDYHORFLGDGHUHVXOWDQWHGDFDEHoDIRLHVWLPDGRFRPERDSUHFLVmRSHODGLVWkQFLD
HXFOLGLDQDHQWUHDVSRVLo}HVGRFHQWUyLGHGHGXDVDPRVWUDVVXEVHTHQWHV
$)LJXUDPRVWUDDVHJPHQWDomRREWLGDSHORPtQLPRORFDOGHYHORFLGDGHGDFDEHoDHPXPD
SHUIRUPDQFH GR WHPD SULQFLSDO GR SULPHLUR PRYLPHQWR GR 4XLQWHWR GH &ODULQHWD GH 0R]DUW .9 
FRP R PHWU{QRPR EDWHQGR HP PtQLPD $ FXUYD HP D]XO QD SDUWH LQIHULRU GR JUi¿FR FRUUHVSRQGH j
DOWXUDGDQRWDHP+HUW]SORWDGDDFLPDGDIRUPDGHRQGD YHUPHOKR FRPDVHJPHQWDomRPDUFDGDSRU
OLQKDVYHUWLFDLV YHUGH &RPRPRVWUDGRQD)LJXUDVHWHVHJPHQWRVGHPRYLPHQWRIRUDPLGHQWL¿FDGRVSHOR
FULWpULRGRVPtQLPRVGHYHORFLGDGHQDVGXDVSULPHLUDVIUDVHVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVDRVSULPHLURVFRPSDVVRV
GRH[FHUWR
([DPLQDQGRDJUXSDPHQWRVGHHGHGHVWHVVHJPHQWRVVXFHVVLYRVIRLSRVVtYHOLGHQWL¿FDU
WUrV JHVWRV D SDUWLU GH SDGU}HV GH WUDMHWyULDV LGHQWL¿FDGDV FRPR HVWUXWXUDV JHRPpWULFDV GH¿QLGDV FRP
LQtFLR H ¿P SRVVLYHOPHQWH GHOLPLWDGDV SRU PXGDQoDV GH GLUHomR strokes  2 SULPHLUR GHOHV FRPSRVWR
XQLFDPHQWHSHORVHJPHQWRGHQ~PHURHRVGRLV~OWLPRVFRPSRVWRVSHORVSDUHVGHVHJPHQWRVH
$WUDMHWyULDGHFDGDXPGHVVHVWUrVJHVWRVpLOXVWUDGDQD)LJXUD$VFRRUGHQDGDVGHSRVLomRVmRGDGDV
HPPLOtPHWURV8PFtUFXORVyOLGRYHUPHOKRPDUFDRLQtFLRGHFDGDVHJPHQWRGHPRYLPHQWRRULJLQDO1D
H[HFXomRGHVWHPHVPRH[FHUWRVHPDUHVWULomRGDPDUFDomRGHPHWU{QRPRHVWHPHVPRFULWpULRLGHQWL¿FRX
DSHQDVGRLVJHVWRVDSDUWLUGHFLQFRVHJPHQWRVGHPRYLPHQWRGH¿QLGRVSHORPtQLPRORFDOGHYHORFLGDGH
RSULPHLURFRPSRVWRSHORVWUrVSULPHLURVVHJPHQWRVHRVHJXQGRFRPSRVWRSHORVGRLV~OWLPRVVHJPHQWRV
)LJXUD 

Anais do XX Congresso da ANPPOM 2010 1366


Comunicação - SONOLOGIA
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)LJXUD6HJPHQWDomRGRPRYLPHQWRSHORPtQLPRORFDOGDYHORFLGDGHGDFDEHoDQDSHUIRUPDQFHFRPR
PHWU{QRPREDWHQGRHPPtQLPD

)LJXUD*HVWRVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVDRVSULPHLURVFRPSDVVRVGRWHPDSULQFLSDOGRTXLQWHWRSDUDFODULQHWD
HFRUGDV.9GH0R]DUW PHWU{QRPREDWHQGRPtQLPD

Anais do XX Congresso da ANPPOM 2010 1367


Comunicação - SONOLOGIA
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)LJXUD*HVWRVFRUUHVSRQGHQWHVDRVSULPHLURVFRPSDVVRVGRWHPDSULQFLSDOGRTXLQWHWRSDUDFODULQHWD
HFRUGDV.9GH0R]DUW VHPPHWU{QRPR 

(VWHVJHVWRVDVVLPFRQVWLWXtGRVPRVWUDUDPWDPEpPXPDFDUDFWHUtVWLFDLPSRUWDQWHTXHSRGHUi
VHUXWLOL]DGDFRPRFULWpULRGHVHJPHQWDomRPDVGHYHUiDLQGDVHULQYHVWLJDGDPDLVFULWHULRVDPHQWHDWHQGrQFLD
GHVXDVWUDMHWyULDVVHGHVHQYROYHUHPQXPPHVPRSODQR

4. Resultados

Correlação entre Movimento e Estrutura Musical

2V LQVWDQWHV GH VHJPHQWDomR DSUHVHQWDUDP XPD FRUUHVSRQGrQFLD DSUR[LPDGD FRP SRQWRV GH
LQÀH[mRGDHVWUXWXUDPXVLFDOFRPRWUDQVLo}HVLPSRUWDQWHVHQWUHQRWDVRXIUDVHV1DVSULPHLUDVIUDVHV 
SULPHLURVFRPSDVVRV RVVHJPHQWRVVHPRVWUDUDPPDLVEHPGH¿QLGRVFRPFXUYDVGHYHORFLGDGHUHVXOWDQWH
PDLVVXDYHVHFRPSLFRVHYDOHVIDFLOPHQWHLGHQWL¿FiYHLV1HVVHVWUHFKRVHVSHFLDOPHQWHQDVH[HFXo}HVFRP
PHWU{QRPRWDPEpPIRLSRVVtYHOREVHUYDUXPDSHULRGLFLGDGHQDFXUYDGHYHORFLGDGHDOpPGHUHODo}HVPDLV
SUy[LPDV FRP D PpWULFD GD P~VLFD )RUDP WDPEpP REVHUYDGDV PDLRUHV YDORUHV GH YHORFLGDGHV PpGLDV H
WHPSRV GH GXUDomR WRWDO GH VHJPHQWRV QHVVHV WUHFKRV $R FRQWUiULR RV ~OWLPRV FRPSDVVRV GHVVH H[FHUWR
DSUHVHQWDUDPFXUYDVGHYHORFLGDGHPXLWRUXLGRVDVFRPSHTXHQDVDPSOLWXGHVHVHPDSUHVHQoDGHSLFRVEHP
GH¿QLGRVRXSDGU}HVGHHYROXomRLGHQWL¿FiYHLVDOpPGHWHPSRVPDLVEDL[RVGHGXUDomRWRWDOGRVVHJPHQWRV
HYHORFLGDGHVPpGLDVPDLVEDL[DVHGLVSHUVDV
(VVDVREVHUYDo}HVVXJHUHPTXHRVPRYLPHQWRVGDFDEHoDGRP~VLFRQRVWUHFKRV¿QDLVWUD]HP
PHQRVLQIRUPDomRUHODFLRQDGDjVLQWHQo}HVH[SUHVVLYDVDRFRQWUiULRGRTXHRFRUUHQDVGXDVSULPHLUDVIUDVHV
GDSHoDSURYDYHOPHQWHGHYLGRjPDLRUVLPSOLFLGDGHGDHVWUXWXUDUtWPLFDHPHOyGLFDGHVWDVIUDVHVFRPSDUDGD
FRP D VHJXQGD PHWDGH GR H[FHUWR GH PpWULFD PDLV FRPSOH[D FRP FROFKHLDV TXLiOWHUDV H WULQDGRV ,VVR

Anais do XX Congresso da ANPPOM 2010 1368


Comunicação - SONOLOGIA
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SRGHVXJHULUTXHWUHFKRVPXVLFDLVGHPDLRUGL¿FXOGDGHGHH[HFXomRSRVVDPLQLELURVPRYLPHQWRVFRUSRUDLV
HDVLQWHQo}HVH[SUHVVLYDVGRP~VLFRPRYLPHQWRVVXEVLGLiULRVGHPDLRUDPSOLWXGHSRGHULDPDWUDSDOKDUD
H[HFXomRSUHFLVDGRVPRYLPHQWRVSULPiULRVQHFHVViULRVSDUDDSUHFLVmRQDSURGXomRVRQRUD3RURXWURODGR
IUDVHV GH QRWDV ORQJDV H GH WUDQVLo}HV VXDYHV FRPR QRV  SULPHLURV FRPSDVVRV SRVVLELOLWDULDP PHOKRUHV
FRQGLo}HVSDUDRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRGHLQWHQo}HVH[SUHVVLYDVGHPDLRUHQYHUJDGXUDDWUDYpVGHPDQLSXODo}HVGH
GXUDo}HVWLPEUHVHLQWHQVLGDGHVDVTXDLVVHUHÀHWLULDPQRVPRYLPHQWRVVXEVLGLiULRV H[SUHVVLYRV JHUDQGR
SDGU}HVGHJHVWRVPDLVDPSORVHPDLVEHPGH¿QLGRV

Correlação entre Movimento e Intenção Expressiva

$SDUWLUGHFRPSDUDo}HVHQWUHDVSHUIRUPDQFHVREVHUYRXVHTXHQDH[HFXomRVHPPHWU{QRPR
RVVHJPHQWRVREWLGRVIRUDPEHPPDLVORQJRVFRPGXUDomRTXDVHGXDVYH]HVPDLRUHPPpGLDQRVWUHFKRV
LQLFLDLV GD P~VLFD 3RU LVVR R Q~PHUR GH JHVWRV QD H[HFXomR OLYUH IRL EHP PHQRU H GH PDLRU H[WHQVmR
2EVHUYRXVHWDPEpPXPDPDLRUDPSOLWXGHGHPRYLPHQWRQDVH[HFXo}HVVHPPHWU{QRPR2VJHVWRVQD
H[HFXomRFRPPHWU{QRPRDSUHVHQWDUDPGHVORFDPHQWRVWRWDLVGHHPLOtPHWURVHQTXDQWRTXHQD
H[HFXomRVHPPHWU{QRPRRVJHVWRVWLYHUDPHPLOtPHWURVGHGHVORFDPHQWRUHVSHFWLYDPHQWH
1D H[HFXomR GH FRQWUROH RV GRLV SULPHLURV JHVWRV WLYHUDP GXUDo}HV GH  H  VHJXQGRV
UHVSHFWLYDPHQWH¿FDQGRFRQWLGRVDSUR[LPDGDPHQWHGHQWURGDSULPHLUDIUDVHPXVLFDOGDSHoD-iQDH[HFXomR
OLYUHDSHQDVRSULPHLURJHVWRWHYHGXUDomRGHVHJXQGRVFRPSUHHQGHQGRWRGDDSULPHLUDIUDVHHTXDVHD
PHWDGHGDVHJXQGD(VVDGLIHUHQoDGHGXUDomRHH[WHQVmRHQWUHDVH[HFXo}HVVXJHUHPXPDHVWUHLWDUHODomR
GRVJHVWRVFRPDLQWHQomRGRP~VLFRSDUDLQWHUSUHWDUDHVWUXWXUDGDP~VLFD1HVVHWUHFKRGHFRPSDVVRV
KiGRLVSRQWRVGHLQÀH[mRGDHVWUXWXUDSRUGXDVUHVROXo}HVKDUP{QLFDV )LJXUD DSULPHLUDPDLVIUDFDQR
VHJXQGRFRPSDVVRTXDQGRDGRPLQDQWHFRPVpWLPDUHVROYHQDW{QLFDUHODWLYDHDVHJXQGDPDLVIRUWHQR¿QDO
GDIUDVHQRTXDUWRFRPSDVVRFRPDGRPLQDQWHLQGRSDUDDW{QLFDWHQGRDFODULQHWDFRQGX]LQGRDVHQVtYHO
SDUDRSULPHLURJUDXGDW{QLFDDWUDYpVGHXPPRYLPHQWRPHOyGLFRPDLVUiSLGR PtQLPDQDSULPHLUDUHVROXomR
HVHPtQLPDQDVHJXQGD 
1D H[HFXomR FRP R PHWU{QRPR RV  SULPHLURV JHVWRV SDUHFHP VH UHODFLRQDU FRP R SULPHLUR
SRQWRGHLQÀH[mR UHVROXomRSDUDDW{QLFDUHODWLYD HRWHUFHLURFRPRVHJXQGRSRQWRGHLQÀH[mR UHVROXomR
SDUDDW{QLFD 1DH[HFXomRVHPPHWU{QRPR DSHQDVJHVWRVQHVVHWUHFKR RSULPHLURJHVWRGHGXUDomREHP
PDLVORQJD VHJXQGRV HFRPXPGHVORFDPHQWRGHPDLVGHYH]HVTXHRGDRXWUDH[HFXomRSDUHFHHVWDU
UHODFLRQDGRFRPXPDLQWHQomRGHSUHSDUDomRSDUDDVHJXQGDUHVROXomR PDLVIRUWH SDVVDQGRSRUFLPDGR
SULPHLURSRQWRGHLQÀH[mRVHPPRVWUDUSHUWXUEDomRUHOHYDQWH%HPSUy[LPRDRVHJXQGRSRQWRGHLQÀH[mR
RFRUUH R VHJXQGR JHVWR PDLV FXUWR PDV GH GHVORFDPHQWR VLPLODU DR SULPHLUR FRPR TXH SUHSDUDGR SHOR
SULPHLURVXJHULQGRTXHRP~VLFRWHULDH[HFXWDGRRVSULPHLURVFRPSDVVRVFRPXPDLQWHQomRH[SUHVVLYD
TXHDQWHFLSDULDRVHJXQGRSRQWRGHLQÀH[mRDLQGDGLVWDQWHHSRULVVRH[LJLQGRXPDLPDJHPPDLVH[WHQVDGD
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