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JULY 2018 Publication Dark History of Russia
Michael Kerrigan
In the past 100 years alone, Russia
Native American Myths & Legends has seen immense revolutions:
Chris McNab from monarchy to the world’s first
Native American culture is founded socialist state, from Communism to Dark History of Russia
on stories told orally and handed Capitalism, from mass poverty to 244 x 186mm (9¾ x 7½”)
down through the generations, Europe’s new super rich. In that time, Extent: 224pp
including myths that reveal the origin Native American Myths & it has endured civil war, world war Word count: 58,000 words
of a tribe, legends that chronicle Legends and the Cold War, as well as famines, Illustrations: 180 col & b/w photos
heroes who fought gods, yarns that 244 x 186mm (9¾ x 7½”) & a/ws
assassinations and massacres.
tell of malevolent trickster spirits, and Extent: 224pp ISBN: 978-1-78274-631-7
Word count: 50,000 words Ranging from medieval Kievan Rus £19.99 Hardback
canny morality tales for the ages. to Vladimir Putin, Dark History of
Illustrations: 180 b/w and colour
Encompassing creation myths and Russia explores the brutality and
photographs and artworks
family life, spirits and gods, warfare ISBN: 978-1-78274-628-7 skulduggery employed in maintaining
and death, Native American Myths & £19.99 Hardback power in the Slav heartland.
Legends is an informative exploration
of the beliefs of North America’s first
tempering the steel 145 tempering the steel 137

had to be fashioned into a machine for making the future; Opposite: ‘By the End
people had to make themselves its moving parts. there was of the Five-year plan
no place in such a scheme for individualism or freedom of Collectivization Should
expression: the good citizen put society, and socialism, first. be Completed,’ this poster
(by the Latvian artist

gustav klutsis (1895–
52 P E O P L E , F A M I LY A N D C U L T U R E P E O P L E , F A M I LY A N D C U L T U R E 53 60 P E O P L E , F A M I LY A N D C U L T U R E P E O P L E , F A M I LY A N D C U L T U R E 61 the soviet leadership’s resentments against the kulaks became 1938) enthuses.
intensely emotional. ‘We must smash the kulaks, eliminate them
as a class,’ said stalin. the leaders had clashed with the kulaks

The STeel
‘Then he said: “The next time you go out, take these things ‘At this time these supernatural powers, made an extraordinary demonstration.
from the start; sturdily self-reliant, they had been slow to adapt Below: the rural
with you, and use them as I tell you, and do not run from people had flint knives Having first painted his body in red and black paint, he wafted a to the social template the communists wanted to fit them into. revolution marches
these animals. When they run at you, as soon as they get given them, and they cut strong bowstring through the ceremonial incense, then wrapped lenin had sparred with the kulaks in the first months of the on beneath a banner
pretty close, shoot the arrows at them, as I have taught you; up the bodies of the dead it around his neck and covered himself with a robe. He told the revolution. From 1930, however, their liquidation was official reading ‘We as Collective
and you will see that they will run from you or will run in a buffalo. It is not healthful other men in the room to grip the loose ends of the bowstring soviet policy. the kulaks were to be sent to the gulags or Workers Will Eradicate
circle around you.” to eat the meat raw, so and then pull on them with all their strength. They did so, forcibly removed from their familial lands. the Kulaks…’ in 1932. in stalin’s soviet Union, the brave new future was built in
‘Now, as people became plenty, one day three men went Old Man gathered soft horrified when the boy’s decapitated head suddenly rolled out
out on to the plain to see the buffalo, but they had no arms. dry rotten driftwood and from beneath the robe. They put the head back, and when they
Of those expelled (at a conservative brutality and bloodshed. sheer terror held sway across the
estimate, almost two million in the
Below: A famous They saw the animals, but when the buffalo saw the men, they made punk of it, and lifted the robe up an old man was sitting beneath it. Three more first 12 months), some were sent to ‘workers’ state’.
depiction of a Native ran after them and killed two of them, but one got away. One then got a piece of hard times they replaced and lifted the robe, and each time revealed a smaller, less desirable, plots in nearby
American buffalo hunt. day after this, the people went on a little hill to look about, wood, and drilled a hole different state beneath – first a pile of human

districts; others were shipped to

Many of the tribes in the and the buffalo saw them, and said, “Saiyah, there is some in it with an arrow point, bones, next nothing at all and finally the boy When he saw them he unsettled areas in western siberia, the onya, cuT yourself loose and come to us. let’s Opposite: ‘Let’s hit the
more of our food,” and they rushed on them. This time the and gave them a pointed returned in perfect health.
North American interior
kicked over a cooking Urals or Kazakhstan. work together to finish with the bosses.’ this is the target on the state grain
and plains were utterly people did not run. They began to shoot at the buffalo with piece of hard wood, and He was lauded as a powerful addition to stalin’s suspicion of these small climactic romantic moment in one of the classic procurements fully and on
dependent on the buffalo the bows and arrows Na´pi had given them, and the buffalo taught them how to make the circle of medicine men, but that status pot onto the fire and farmers takes us back to russia’s works of soviet literature, How the Steel was time.’ Soviet citizens went
for their way of life. began to fall; but in the fight a person was killed. a fire with fire sticks, and was about to change. During an altercation magically disappeared in history of the carnivalesque. like the Tempered. ‘i would be a poor husband to you if you expected through life surrounded
to cook the flesh of these between the boy and the chief of the tribe, top-hatted plutocrat, the caricatured me to put you before the party,’ an impassioned pavel Korchagin by urgent exhortation of
animals and eat it. Young Wolf, over the butchering of a buffalo figure of the backward but grasping continues; ‘For i shall always put the party first.’ An epic of the this kind.
‘They got a kind of carcass – the chief repeatedly pushed the boy off the carcass, peasant perhaps had a place in Civil War, this novel appeared in serial form between 1932 and
stone that was in the saying he wanted the hide for a robe, even though the boy had the cartoon art of the party press. 1934; a book-length edition followed in 1936. that same year,
land, and then took killed the animal – the boy struck and killed the chief with a historical and immediate experience its author nikolai Ostrovsky (1904–36) died. the novel had been
another harder stone and buffalo leg. Infuriated, the tribe’s warriors decided that the boy alike had made russia’s country based loosely on his own life.
worked one upon the must be killed. They tracked him down to his grandmother’s people conservative and resistant
other, and hollowed out lodge, but when he saw them he kicked over a cooking pot onto to change – certainly when change EmOtiOnaL EnginEEring
the softer one, and made the fire and magically disappeared in the smoke. The warriors was imposed upon them by city- the title How the Steel was Tempered seems almost comical
a kettle of it. This was the fashion of their dishes. Above: A Blackfoot ran outside, only to see the boy in the distance walking off to the dwelling strangers. they were also now in the closeness with which it conforms to the oddly
‘Also Old Man said to the people: “Now, if you are medicine man, his human east. They chased him, but no matter how fast they went they undoubtedly selfish – if that’s how industrialized aesthetics of the ‘socialist-realist’ school. ever
overcome, you may go and sleep, and get power. Something form obscured by his never seemed to get any closer. we want to characterize the desire since lenin had (in 1920) famously characterized communism
will come to you in your dream that will help you. Whatever ceremonial outfit. The Eventually, the boy appeared to his pursuers on top of a
these animals tell you to do, you must obey them, as they medicine man could nearby hill. On five separate occasions he appeared, each time
appear to you in your sleep. Be guided by them. If anybody mediate between the wearing a different form of elaborate warrior dress, his body
wants help, if you are alone and travelling, and cry aloud for physical world and the painted in bright colours. After his fifth appearance, however, far left: An early
help, your prayer will be answered. It may be by the eagles, spirit world. he disappeared from view, and it was at this time that a dreadful photograph – another
perhaps by the buffalo, or by the bears. Whatever animal famine descended upon the Cheyenne people. Hunger and studio shot from edward
answers your prayer, you must listen to him.” That was how starvation stalked through the Cheyenne villages, the people Sheriff curtis – of
the first people got through the world, by the power of their looking in vain to their spells and rituals to break the cycle. Hastobiga, a Navaho
dreams.’ The boy, meanwhile, was continuing onwards with his medicine man.

Abandoned Civilisations
Kieron Connolly
Aircraft Anatomy Temples hidden deep in the jungle,
Paul E. Eden and cities half-buried in desert sands,
Soph Moeng and carved slabs from ancient
With 232 detailed line drawings, monuments scattered carelessly on Abandoned Civilisations
Aircraft Anatomy shows how a wide the ground… Images like these are 297 x 227mm (11¾ x 9”)
selection of classic and modern Aircraft Anatomy bound to make us wonder: Who built Extent: 224pp
military aircraft were put together. 297 x 227mm (11¾ x 9”) these places? And how could such Word count: 12,000 words
Extent: 512pp mighty civilisations have collapsed? Illustrations: 150 colour photographs
From World War II to the present
Word count: 100,000 words ISBN: 978-1-78274-667-6
day, each complex line drawing is From Mesoamerican pyramids to the
Illustrations: 770 colour photographs £19.99 Hardback
annotated with an exhaustive key giant statues of Easter Island, from
and 232 line artworks the Great Sphinx of Giza to Pompeii,
including up to 200 entries. The
ISBN: 978-1-78274-655-3
illustrations are complemented by Persepolis and Petra, Abandoned
£24.99 Paperback
colour photographs with extended Civilisations explores more than 90
captions, plus detailed information lost worlds around the globe.
about each aircraft’s operational

all photographs:
Waset, Luxor, Egypt all photographs:
The ruins of Waset (Thebes) are Borobudur, Magelang, Central
found today within the modern Java, Indonesia
city of Luxor. Located 400 miles Constructed in the 9th century ce
(644km) up the River Nile from during the reign of the Sailendra
Memphis, Waset was the capital Dynasty, the Buddhist temple at
of Egypt during the New Kingdom Borobudur was abandoned in
(c.1,550 – c.1,077 bce). the 14th century following the
Built during the reign of conversion of Java to Islam.
Pharaoh Amenhotep III (1,388– A step pyramid structure, the
1,350 bce), the Luxor Temple temple has nine platforms: the
(above) is dedicated to the lower six are square, the upper
rejuvenation of kingship. three are round. With more than
Rams at the Temple of Karnak 500 statues and more than 2,500
(right) – Amun, the local deity, was relief panels, Borobudur is the
identified with the Ram. world’s largest Buddhist temple.
Pillars support the portico in Pilgrims pass through the corridors
the courtyard of the Temple of and stairways, following narrative
Ramesses III (opposite). stone reliefs of Budda’s life as they
ascend physically through the
temple and metaphorically through
the levels of Buddhist cosmology.

20 78 79

2 3
Native American Warriors AUGUST 2018 Publication
Martin J. Dougherty
Experienced in skirmishing, guerrilla
warfare and in stealth tactics, Native Secret Operations of World War II
Americans had to change their Alexander Stilwell
forms of warfare drastically with Native American Warriors How were agents recruited for
the introduction from Europe of the 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”) secret operations during World War
horse, gunpowder and firearms. Extent: 224 pages II? How effective were resistance
Divided by region, Native American Word count: 50,000 words movements? How successful were Secret Operations of World
Warriors includes accounts of major Illustrations: 180 colour and black- the missions? And how brutal War II
and-white photographs and artworks were the reprisals? Ranging from 244 x 186mm (9½ x 7½”)
battles and campaigns, including
ISBN: 978-1-78274-669-0 the American and British special Extent: 224pp
the Pequot War and the French- £19.99 Hardback Word count: 50,000 words
Indian Wars. Fully illustrated, this is ops organisations to resistance
Illustrations: 180 b/w and colour
an accessible guide to the fighting movements across Europe, Secret
photographs and artworks
techniques of the original inhabitants Operations of World War II is a ISBN: 978-1-78274-632-4
of North America. fascinating account of the official £19.99 Hardback
organisations and underground
cells active around the world during
the conflict.

1759, the frontiers of the colonies of New-York, Making no concessions to his young readership, including Canadian mountains and forests. The Nipissing, Montagnais and Naskapi north of the Great made regular visits to Canada’s eastern shorelines,
Massachusetts and New-Hampshire, were frequently Sampson goes on in a similar vein for the entire entry, physical landscape of this region, as we shall see, had Lakes and up to the Hudson Bay region; the Cree, their appetites whetted by excellent fishing and CANADA AND ALASKA: TRIBAL AREAS
infested by those savages. In the depth of winter, making garish descriptions of children having ‘their a key impact on the type of warfare practised by the Chippewa and Algonquin dominating Canada’s the ability to trade European goods with the Native
1689, a party of those Indians, together with a brains beat out against the trees’ and women being The map here shows the major tribal territories of
indigenous inhabitants. central regions; the Blackfoot, Ojibway and Americans in return for high-quality furs
number of Frenchmen, surprized the town of disembowelled. Yet as with so many colonial sketches Canada and Alaska, at least in terms of the
In the massive Canadian forests, for example, we Assiniboine straddling the Canadian–US border; (particularly beaver).
Schenectady, in the night, while the inhabitants of the Native Americans, Sampson is keen to traditional tribal areas before the displacements
see styles of warfare similar to those exhibited by the and the Inuit and Yellowknife occupying the Yet while the British focused most of their colonial
were unalarmed and in a profound sleep; and emphasize the horrors at the expense of the more caused by settler expansion. The fortunes of the
Woodland tribes of the east. Moving further north into subarctic northern extremes. muscle on what is today the eastern seaboard of the
butchered them, with circumstances of most horrible sophisticated aspects of Canadian Indian culture, and tribes varied according to their geographical
the subarctic, however, the severe restrictions of In the period covered by this book United States, it was the French who became the
location and also their relations with the settlers. 12 unITED kInGDOm unITED kInGDOm 13 26 unITED kInGDOm unITED kInGDOm 27
barbarity. The whole village was instantly in a their techniques of waging war. climate and terrain shaped a much more localized and (1500–1890), the most profound challenge to dominant foreign settlers in Canada. By the early
blaze; women with child were ripped open, and The geographical reach of this chapter is extensive. No tribal area was entirely free from settler
temporary style of conflict, on account of most of these Northern tribes was the same as decades of the seventeenth century, ‘New France’ was
their infants cast into the flames. Sixty persons Chapter 1 has already touched upon the Iroquois and interference. The tribes of subarctic Canada, for
the environment being just as dangerous as any that of the US tribes – contact with the beginning to take shape, spurred by Samuel de
perished in the massacre, and twenty-seven were Algonquian tribes of eastern North America, which human enemy. colonizing Europeans. During the sixteenth Champlain’s foundation of the city of Québec in 1608. example, came into contact with traders for the S Oe W eA p O n S included not only firing the weapons but stripping, cleaning and of security and an imperturbable calmness.’ Sharing every The reception operations were a success, with large quantities
carried into captivity, the rest fled naked through the extended their territories out of the Great Lakes, century, both the French and the British Champlain knew that the fragility of the French Hudson’s Bay Company during the 1670s, and reloading them. Part of the purpose of training was to spot weak danger included Borrel’s participation in sabotage operations. of weapons being dropped in fields to be distributed among
suffered a consequent loss of major fur resources to STen gUn candidates, who would then be dropped from the course. As the sabotage operations increased and as the Germans Resistance fighters of various political colours. In January 1943,
snow to Albany.’ Quebec and the Maritimes. In this chapter we will TRIBES OF THE NORTH colonies in a hostile wilderness necessitated making
– Ezra Sampson (1813) range to the west and north, taking in the Indian the Europeans. Alaskan Indians encountered not
The term ‘Northern Tribes’ covers a large range of alliances with the local Indians. On this basis, he allied The Sten gun was a simple, rugged Candidates were given courses in demolition techniques moved south to occupy Vichy France after the Torch landings in the SOE agent and French pilot Henri Déricourt landed in
only settlers pushing up from the south, but also,
tribal territories and peoples. Note that when himself with the Algonquin, Huron and Montagnais design that was light to carry and easy to using high explosives as well as training in simpler methods of north Africa, the penalty for capture became more severe. men northern France with a brief to organize locations for Lysander
for a time, Russian traders coming into North
describing the Native Americans of Canada, against the Iroquois, and these tribes would also later
America across the Bering Strait. maintain. it could be broken down into Above: The Welford pistol was sabotage, such as destroying factory machinery with a heavy would be executed for helping agents while women would be landings to drop off and pick up agents. He began to liaise
excluding the Inuit and the Métis – assist the French in fighting British expansion.
descendants of marriages between Native three parts – barrel, body and butt – and designed to be straightforward hammer. Other training included ambushes, forced house deported to concentration camps. Despite the increasing risk, the closely with the Prosper network. However, Déricourt would
Americans and European settlers – it is more easily reassembled. it was an effective and easy to conceal. entrance and railway sabotage. Once this intensive training three members of the Prosper-Physician circuit were surprisingly become a controversial figure, some saying he had links with the
correct to refer to the ‘First Nations’, a term weapon at short ranges and it could be was over, the candidates moved to Beaulieu manor in the new lax about security. They were often to be seen eating in the same German intelligence services and others saying that he was an
that covers all aboriginal peoples in Canada used in either single-shot or automatic WelROD Forest. Here they would learn in greater depth about the way the restaurants and drinking and playing poker at the same café. agent of mI6.
stretching back to the Stone Age. As we are modes. The downside was that the Sten The Welrod was a bolt-action, single- occupied country was organized and where the major dangers

including Alaska in this chapter, however, we Koyukon
was likely to jam and was also prone to shot pistol specifically designed for use by lay. In Vichy, for example, the greatest threat was from the

will use ‘Northern’ to refer to all Indian Inuit
Hare accidental discharge. undercover agents. it was used by both milice, whereas the local gendarmerie might be friendly. Below: SOe agents
people around and north of the Canadian Kutchin
border. They included the Algonquin, Yellowknife SOe and the OSS. it was designed to be Resistance to interrogation was another vital aspect of training. undergo canoe training
Dogrib BAlleSTeR-MOlinA piSTOl used at close range and was very quiet The candidates learned how to act out their part and avoid in Scotland.
Based on the famous Colt M1911A1, the when fired. it was a simple design featuring
Tlingit Inuit
CHIPPEWA INDIAN Ballester-Molina pistol was issued to SOe a cylinder with a bolt and a suppressor,
Chipewyan Hudson
A Chippewa Indian chief, here seen armed
with a simple war club, carved from a Bay agents partly because it was reliable and and the magazine acted as a grip. Once the
single piece of wood, and a long spear.
Sekani Naskapi effective and partly because it was not magazine was removed, the cylinder could
The long and well-crafted metal Beaver
Haida Cree Beothuk identifiable as a British-made weapon. be easily concealed down a trouser leg.
spearhead indicates a post-contact
time. Before contact with the Sarcee Montagnais
settlers and the introduction of
metals, the Native Americans FAiRBAiRn-SykeS
tended to tip their spears either Blackfoot FigHTing kniFe
through a basic process of Assiniboine Algonquin
tribes from what is today the Canadian–US border up  A Chippewa chief, seen wearing decorative sashes This double-edged stiletto

fire-hardening, or through Nipissing
to the Alaskan homelands of the Inuit. There is over his tasselled buckskin shirt and a string of wampum fighting knife was issued to

the manufacture of
Ottawa Huron

beads. The Chippewa were steadily displaced from their chipped flint
something of an overlap with the next chapter, which SOe and OSS agents and

lands during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. spearheads.
focuses on the Plains Indians, a ‘culture area’ that did was a standard weapon
itself extend into eastern and central Canada. Tribes be studied in this chapter, not only for their influence
 An Assiniboine village, consisting of loosely gathered tipis. Scalps hang from wooden frames outside, signifying for the British, Canadian,
earlier victories and declaring the bravery and martial talents of the tipi occupants. Note also the carrying frame such as the Cree and Blackfoot, for example, are on northern North America, but also because their
attached to the dog in the foreground, which was used to carry weapons as well as supplies on long-distance raids. generally classed as Plains Indians, but they will also territories embraced a wide spectrum of terrain, Australian, Dutch and
Belgian Commandos as
well as the US Rangers. The Right: georges Blind, a
FS knife was designed to member of the French
be effective in one-on-one Resistance, smiles defiantly
attacks in covert operations. moments before he is shot
by a german firing squad
left: A parachute Regiment at Dachau concentration
sergeant with a Sten gun. camp, 1944.

Military Aircraft, Tanks & Warships

Visual Encyclopedia
Jim winchester, robert The Plantagenets
jackson, david ross Ben Hubbard
From early jets to nuclear The Plantagenets held the English
submarines, from the Centurion throne for 350 years – longer than
A41 tank to the Bradley M2, Visual Visual Encyclopedia of Military any other dynasty in English history –
Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, Aircraft, Tanks & Ships but this was not without kings being The Plantagenets
Tanks & Ships is a fascinating guide 285 x 225mm (11½ x 8½”) deposed, ransomed and imprisoned, 244 x 186mm (9½ x 7½”)
to 850 aircraft, tanks and ships from Extent: 448pp or without sons plotting against their Extent: 224pp
Word count: 90,000 words fathers for the throne and wives Word count: 50,000 words
the beginning of the Cold War to the
Illustrations: 850 colour artworks Illustrations: 200 colour and b/w
present day. Arranged by type and turning against their husbands.
ISBN: 978-1-78274-696-6 photographs, artworks, maps and
chronologically within each type, Encompassing the Hundred Years’
£24.99 Paperback illustrations
each entry features a full-colour War and the Wars of the Roses, The ISBN: 978-1-78274-649-2
artwork, an informative caption and Plantagenets is an accessible history £19.99 Hardback
technical specifications. of this dynasty from the coronation of
Henry, Count of Anjou, in 1145 to the
fall of Richard III in 1485.

H E N RY I V & H E N RY V 161 168 H E N RY I V & H E N RY V H E N RY I V & H E N RY V 169

to slay him if he wished, because ‘my life is not so desirable to me
that I would live one day that I should be to your displeasure’.
Whether this scene has been embellished or not, there was
a reconciliation between the
two before the king’s death

on 20 March 1413. Given the
severity of Henry IV’s illness
and the contents of his will

it is hard to believe the king
passed away peacefully. In his
last document he describes
himself as ‘a sinful wretch’
whose life had been ‘misspent’.
Henry IV would never live down his usurpation of the throne. His body was entombed in
Canterbury Cathedral, where
He spent his reign searching for legitimacy while plots, uprisings it still lies today.
and foreign invasion threatened. It was left to his son, the warrior
Above: Father and son Henry V
king, Henry V, to restore honour to the Plantagenet crown.
are reconciled at this Henry IV’s usurpation and regicide of Richard II had hung over
death-bed rendering of his entire reign. Many in England and abroad had never stopped
Henry IV’s last hours. questioning the legitimacy of Henry’s kingship. His heir, Henry

ichaRd ii had been a hated king, but he had legally Opposite: Henry V is V, was determined to restore the reputation of the royal house of
inherited the throne according to the Plantagenet commonly associated with Lancaster. After his coronation in 1413, Henry decided to prove
rules of succession. He had also been anointed with his victory over the French his right to rule through victory in war.
holy oil as the sovereign of England under the gaze at the Battle of Agincourt, To many, Henry V seemed cast from the mould of the
of God. Henry IV’s greatest task was to prove to his subjects shown here. famous Plantagenet warrior kings who had preceded him.
that he too, had a legitimate right to rule. To show his kingship He was tall and lean with dark cropped hair and at 26 was an
had divine significance, Henry was crowned on St Edward’s Day accomplished knight. Henry had fought Hotspur’s rebellious
and anointed with holy oil that had once belonged to former army alongside his father at Berwick and nearly died on the
Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket. The owner of the oil battlefield. Henry was struck by an arrow below his eye that
before Becket had supposedly been the Virgin Mary. sank so far into his face that it became embedded in the back of
According to legend, Mary had appeared before Becket Opposite: A portrait of his skull. Special tongs had to be made to extract the arrowhead,
with the vial of oil, telling him that the first king to be anointed King Henry V. After the which lay stuck six inches deep. It took two months for the
with it would be champion of the Church and recover all of disfiguring wound to heal. Henry made sure his image was only
arrow wound picked up at
the Plantagenet lands lost in France. Unfortunately for Henry,
the Battle of Shrewsbury, ever shown in profile afterwards.
the effects of the oil were not beneficial. After being anointed,
Henry insisted he was only War was Henry’s reason for being, but he was also a pious
painted in profile. man who allegedly remained celibate until his wedding night.

4 5
Warplanes of World War II Modern Small Arms
Robert Jackson Chris McNab
Warplanes of World War II provides Modern Small Arms looks in detail at
a detailed look at 50 key aircraft in 280 of the most widely used pistols,
service between 1939 and 1945. rifles, submachine guns, machine
Warplanes profiled include fighters, Warplanes of World War II guns and other small arms of the last Modern Small Arms
bombers, ground attack and other 297 x 227mm (11¾ x 9”) 100 years. It includes famous small 163 x 123mm (6½ x 4¾”)
aircraft from the major combatants. Extent: 256pp arms such as the AK-47, the Lee Extent: 320pp
A large-format side-on colour Word count: 60,000 words Enfield, the Thompson sub-machine Word count: 60,000 words
artwork shows every detail of each Illustrations: 50 colour artworks and gun and the Sten. Arranged by type, Illustrations: 280 colour artworks
100 colour and black-and-white ISBN: 978-1-78274-216-6
aircraft, with notes indicating key each small arm is illustrated by a full
photographs £9.99 Flexibound
features. This is followed by an in- ISBN: 978-1-78274-673-7
colour artwork and accompanied
depth description of the aircraft’s £19.99 Hardback by a detailed specifications table.
development and service history, all Packed with colour and information,
accompanied by colour photographs the book is presented in a handy
and a detailed specification panel. pocket-book format.

Wa r p la nes o f Wo r ld Wa r II G er ma ny

Heckler & Koch MP5 Heckler & Koch MP5SD FN F2000 QBZ-95
Junkers Ju 87 Stuka
The story of the Ju 52/3m, one of the most famous trans- Ju 52/3mg3e, the aircraft was designed as a heavy bomber
port aircraft in history, began on 13 October 1930, with the with a crew of four and armed with two MG 15 machine
The markings show this to be a Ju 87B- maiden flight of the single-engined Ju 52/1m commercial guns, one mounted in the dorsal position and the other in
2 from 7th Staffel, III Gruppe, Stuka- transport. Eighteen months later a new variant of the basic a retractable ‘dustbin’ suspended under the fuselage. Be-
The Ju 87’s pilot sat under a sliding canopy, geschwader 77 on the Eastern Front. design appeared; the Ju 52/3m, fitted with three 429kW tween 1934 and 1935, no fewer than 450 Ju 52/3ms were
with armour protection surrounding him. The (575hp) BMW 132A radial engines (licence-built Pratt & delivered to the Luftwaffe, the type entering service with
The Ju 87B was powered by a Junkers Jumo aircraft had an automatic dive control which Whitney Hornets). The modified aircraft was an immedi- KG 152 Hindenburg. In August 1936, 20 aircraft were sent
211Da 12-cylinder liquid-cooled engine. The would pull the aircraft out of its dive at a ate success. A rugged, reliable transport, capable of operat- to Spain where, flown by German volunteers, their first task
notch cut-out on the top of the fuselage is an preset altitude when engaged by the pilot. The rear gunner was also the radio operator, ing from small, rough, high-altitude airstrips, the Ju 523/m was to transport 10,000 troops from Spanish Morocco. In
intake for the oil cooler. although Ju 87Bs were also flown as single was an extremely efficient aircraft, and large numbers were the following November, about 50 Ju 52/3mg4e bombers
seat aircraft. The gunner had his own sliding ordered by Deutsche Lufthansa and other airlines around were included in the equipment of the German Condor
The Stuka was armed with a pair of canopy, and was armed with a MG 15 the world. The aircraft was eventually operated by 28 air- Legion, deployed to Spain in support of Franco’s Nation-
Rheinmetall-Borsig 7.92mm (0.31in) MG 17 7.92mm (0.31in) machine gun. lines. alist forces. Operations included the bombing of Republic-
machine guns with 1000 rounds of ammuni- In 1934 a military version of the Ju 52/3m was produced an-held Mediterranean ports and the support of the land
tion each. for use by the still-secret Luftwaffe. With the designation battle around Guernica, the destruction of which town
brought the German bombers Above: Junkers Ju 52/3m in the mottled camouflage scheme which 170 Ju 52s. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union
notoriety. The Ju 52 was also de- was used in the Mediterranean and Balkans between 1941 and 1943. in June 1941, their offensive was supported by six Ju 52
livered to several Spanish Nation- Ju 52s suffered terrible losses to Allied fighters as they attempted to fly transport Gruppen. Another 150 aircraft were assigned to

alist bomber units as the war pro- reinforcements to Tunisia in early 1943. support Rommel’s offensives in North Africa, and by the

gressed. The last sortie was made end of the year around 300 Ju 52s were operating in the he Heckler & Koch MP5 is a masterpiece of weapons engineering. Its roller- he popularity of the Heckler & Koch MP5 series with special forces troops meant he FN F2000 is one of a new generation of assault rifles. Firing standard 5.56 x aving lagged behind the rest of the world in terms of assault rifle design, in the
on 26 March 1939, by which time for the
for the invasion
invasion ofof the
the Netherlands,
Netherlands, andand suffered
suffered serious
serious Mediterranean theatre. In July, August and September locked delayed blowback system harks back to the German MG42 machine gun that a silenced version, known as the MP5SD, was inevitable. The 9mm 45mm NATO rounds, it has a compact bullpup layout and a gas-operated, 1990s China revealed the QBZ-95 as a new generation of infantry firepower.
the Ju 52s had flown 5400 sorties losses (167
losses (167 aircraft)
aircraft) in
in the
the opening
opening stages
stages of
of the
the operation.
operation. 1942, Ju 52s and other transport aircraft ferried 46,000
and is the same system as is used in Heckler & Koch’s assault rifles. It also fires from Parabellum round it fires is standard and the gun’s configuration is little different rotating-bolt (seven lugs) operating mechanism. One distinctive feature is the front The impetus behind the rifle was the development of a 5.8 x 42mm cartridge
for the loss of 8 aircraft, 5 in the The next
The next large-scale
large-scale airborne
airborne operation,
operation, thethe invasion
invasion ofof men and 4000 tons (4064 tonnes) of equipment to North
air and 3 on the ground. Cretein
Crete inApril/May
1941,was wasthe
undertaken Africa, but after the Battle of El Alamein in October, se- a closed chamber, part of the reason for its considerable accuracy. The MP5 has from any other MP5 model. Yet the integral silencer is particularly effective. The ejection system; the spent cartridge cases are redirected from the chamber to an during the late 1980s, which Chinese designers claimed had superior performance
In Luftwaffe service the Ju 52 by the
by the Luftwaffe.
Luftwaffe. The
The force
force committed
committed included
included 493 493 Ju
Ju 52s
52s vere losses were inflicted on the Ju 52s by Desert Air Force now been in production since 1965, although the latest guns have the full range of barrel of the MP5SD has 30 x 3mm holes drilled along its length and is surrounded ejection port near the muzzle. This configuration aids accurate shooting (the to its Western rival, the 5.56 x 45mm NATO. The QBZ-95 was one of a family of
bomber was soon replaced by and over
and over 80
80 DFS
DFS 230
230 gliders.
gliders. The
The invasion
invasion –– Operation
Operation fighters, 70 aircraft being destroyed between 25 October fire-selection options: single-shot, three-round burst and full automatic. The quality by a two-chamber suppressor which sequentially diffuses the gases until the round shooter doesn’t have to cope with hot cases ejecting close to his face) and makes the weapons created to take the new cartridge. It is of bullpup layout and is a gas-
types such as the Ju 86 and Do Merkur –– cost
Merkur cost the
the Germans
Germans 7000 7000 men
men killed
killed or
or wound-
wound- and 1 December. The real martyrdom of the Ju 52 Gruppen
of its machining is consistently excellent and much of the weapon’s furniture is leaves the muzzle at subsonic speed. Both noise and blast reduction are weapon ideally suited to firing through vehicle ports. Other virtues of the FN F2000 operated, rotating-bolt rifle. The carrying handle at the top of the gun also
17, and from then on it operated ed (including
ed (including 2525 per
per cent
cent ofof the
the paratroops
paratroops dropped)
dropped) and and in the Mediterranean, however, came early in 1943, when
purely as a military transport. In the Germans and Italians made frantic efforts to resupply plastic to lighten the weapon. There are many variants of the MP5, but the two basic considerable and accuracy remains good over the reduced range. Several varieties are its completely ambidextrous layout and its modularity; it can take numerous incorporates an integral rear sight, although the gun can also take external optical
March 1938, during the ‘union’ the Axis forces in Tunisia. On one day alone – 7 April 1943 models are the MP5A2, which has a solid plastic butt, and the MP5A3, which has a of the MP5SD are available, each offering different configurations of furniture, fire- add-ons, from optical sights and laser rangefinders through to 40mm grenade or night-vision sights. Underbelly fitment includes a bayonet or a grenade
with Austria, 160 Ju 52s flew 2000 Type: Bomber/transport
Type: Bomber/transport – American and British fighters destroyed 52 out of 77 Ju launchers and riot-control weapons. It is used by the Belgian Special Forces Group, launcher. Other members of the family include sniper, carbine and light support
airborne troops to Vienna. The 52s near Cap Bon, most of the petrol-laden transports ex-
folding metal stock. selection (SD 4, 5 and 6 have three-round burst facility) and sight fittings.
following year, these aircraft took
Crew: 2/3,plus
2/3, plus18
ploding in spectacular fashion. Between 5 and 22 April, no the Pakistani Army and the Saudi Arabian National Guard, among others. (bipod-mounted) weapons.
Either two 250kg (551lb) or four 50kg (110lb) part in the German occupation Powerplant:
Powerplant: three619kW
three 619kW(830hp)
radials fewer than 432 German transport aircraft, mostly Ju 52s,
bombs could be carried on the wing pylons of Czechoslovakia. In April 1940 were destroyed for the loss of only 35 Allied fighters.
Max speed: 286km/h(178mph)
286km/h (178mph)
The large chin radiator was a characteristic in addition to the single 500kg (1100lb) or the Ju 52 was at the forefront of On the Russian front, five Ju 52 Gruppen took part in Country of origin: Germany Country of origin: Germany
of the Ju 87. The radiator itself was protect- 250kg (551lb) bomb carried in a cradle under Timeto
Time toheight:
height: 17mins
17 mins30
(9842ft) the Stalingrad airlift. Between 24 November 1942 and 31
the invasions of Denmark and
Calibre: 9mm Parabellum Calibre: 9mm Parabellum Country of origin: Belgium Country of origin: China
ed in an armoured ‘bath’. Hydralically-oper- the fuselage. The cradle was to ensure the Norway, 160 transports drop- January 1943, 266 Ju 52s were lost, 52 of them in a 24-hour
Service ceiling: 5900m
ated cooling gills at the rear of the cowling The 50kg (110lb) bombs shown here have bomb fell clear of the propeller during a dive ping paratroops to capture key series of attacks on Sverevo airfield. Length: 680mm (26.77in) Length: 550mm (21.65in) Calibre: 5.56 x 45mm NATO Calibre: 5.8 x 42mm
allowed more air to flow through the radiator extended detonator rods to make the bomb attack after it was released. Maxrange:
Max range: 1305km(811
1305km (811miles)
airfields and a 340 aircraft flying Despite the development of later transport aircraft,
at low speeds. explode above ground to maximize the blast Weight: 2.55kg (5.62lb) Weight: 2.9kg (6.39lb) Length: 694mm (27.32in) Length: 760mm (29.92in)
in supplies and reinforcements. Wingspan:
Wing span: 29.20m(95ft
29.20m (95ft8in)
8in) production of the Ju 52 continued to rise during most of
effect of the explosion. About 475 Ju 52s were available
Wing area: 110.5m22(1189.3sq
110.5m (1189.3sqft)
World War II; 502 aircraft were delivered in 1941, a further Barrel: 225mm (8.85in), 6 grooves, rh Barrel: 146mm (5.75in), 6 grooves, rh Weight: 3.6kg (7.93lb) empty, standard configuration Weight: 3.4kg (749lb)
502 in 1942, and 887 in 1943, but by then production was
The terror of a Stuka attack during the early Length:
Length: 19.90m(65ft)
19.90m (65ft) being transferred to the Société Amiot in Occupied France, Feed/magazine capacity: 15- or 30-round detachable box magazine Feed/magazine capacity: 15- or 30-round detachable box magazine Barrel: 400mm (15.75in) Barrel: 520mm (20.47in)
years of Blitzkrieg was augmented by the Left: Close-up of the Ju 52/3m’s engine this firm being controlled by Junkers. Only a further 379
use of a siren on the undercarriage. However
Height: 4.52m(14ft
4.52m (14ft8in)
8in) Operation: Delayed blowback Operation: Delayed blowback Feed/magazine capacity: 30-round detachable box magazine Feed/magazine capacity: 30-round detachable box magazine
arrangement. Essentially similar to the aircraft were delivered from German factories in 1944,
in this case the siren is not mounted, single-engined variant from which it Weights:
Weights: 6500kg(14,330lb)
6500kg (14,330lb)empty;
loaded when production ceased. Total production of the Ju 52/3m Cyclic rate of fire: 800rpm Cyclic rate of fire: 800rpm Operation: Gas Operation: gas, rotating bolt
although the fairing remains. was developed, the prototype flew in between 1939 and 1944 was 4845 aircraft.
Armament: four7.92mm
The Stuka’s gull wing allowed the fixed April 1932, powered by three Pratt &
Armament: four
Muzzle velocity: 400mps (1312fps) Muzzle velocity: 285mps (935fps) Cyclic rate of fire: 850rpm Cyclic rate of fire: 650rpm
dorsal positions,one
undercarriage to be kept short, thus reducing Whitney Hornet radials.
Effective range: 70m (230ft) Effective range: 50m (164ft) Muzzle velocity: 900mps (2953fps) Muzzle velocity: n/a
drag as much as possible.
Effective range: 500m (1640ft) Effective range: 500m (1640ft)
30 31 28 29

104 105 236 237

How to Survive Anything, Anywhere American Classic Cars

Chris McNab Richard Nicholls
Illustrated with 500 instructive From the Ford Model T through
line artworks, How to Survive the golden era of stylish post-war
Anything, Anywhere teaches survival vehicles to the 1999 Rough Mustang,
fundamentals from the sub-zero How to Survive Anything, the United States has been at the American Classic Cars
landscape of the Arctic to the Anywhere cutting edge of automotive design. 163 x 123mm (6½ x 4¾”)
scorching desert sun. Topics covered 230 x 187mm (9 x 7½”) Arranged chronologically, American Extent: 320 pages
include how to hunt, identifying Extent: 320pp Classic Cars looks in detail at the Word count: 60,000 words
edible plants, survival psychology, Word count: 120,000 words 300 most celebrated machines Illustrations: 300 colour and b/w
Illustrations: 500 b/w a/ws photos & artworks
navigating by the stars, surviving from the 20th century. Each entry is
ISBN: 978-1-78274-700-0 ISBN: 978-1-78274-217-3
at sea, constructing shelters, £14.99 Paperback
illustrated with a colour photograph, £9.99 Flexibound
making a fire, unarmed combat, accompanied by expert text and full
handling terrorist attacks and finding technical details.
underground water. This is the book
that might just save your life.


Taking a bearing from the map dehydration or starvation at sea before help to make drinking water, such as desalination
Lay the compass with the baseplate along the A arrives. Make sure that you look after your raft, equipment), and food supplies. Read through any
intended direction of travel and align the orienting checking for and repairing any damage both instructions that are contained in the boat relating
lines with the grid lines – the direction arrow will before and during the emergency. to the equipment.
now give you When you first get aboard, check over what Ration out food among the members of the
your bearing. supplies are available, including navigation and boat, and set a strict daily ration of water. Salvage
signalling equipment, water rations (or the means any useful materials floating from the wreck, as

B Life raft and contents

Aboard larger vessels, the
contents of a life raft can have a
nasty habit of going missing.
Inspect the raft regularly, ticking
Resection off everything against a checklist
Resection involves plotting and replacing missing items.
your position using two visible
landmarks and a compass. Choose A. Sea anchor
landmarks about 90° apart if possible B. Paddles
(A), as these give less margin for error C. First-aid kit
than landmarks at narrow angles (B). D. Fishing line Improvised float
and hooks Tie the ankles of the trousers tight together then,
set the watch to true local time – do not and after 18:00, when it will indicate north. E. Bellows holding the trousers by the waistband or belt,
incorporate any daylight-saving additions or To make a reading in the southern hemisphere, Watch navigation F. Quoit and line swipe them over your head to fill with air. Hook
subtractions. Now hold the watch face flat. If in point the 12 o’clock mark itself at the sun, then An analogue watch G. Survival leaflets the tied ankles behind your neck to form a
the northern hemisphere, point the hour hand bisect the angle between mark and the hour hand can be used for H. Bailer rudimentary flotation device.
towards the sun and bisect the angle between the to find north, or south before 06:00 and after navigation. In the I. Repair kit, flares,
hour hand and the 12 o’clock mark on the watch 18:00. If you have a digital watch, simply draw northern hemisphere, stopper, sponge, A C
face. This direction is south, except before 06:00 out an analogue representation of the time on a point the hour hand knife Floating together
piece of paper or on the ground, and make at the sun and bisect J. Water, can When floating
the usual calculation. the angle between it N S openers, cup and in a group, tie
and 12 o’clock to find seasickness pills yourselves
NAVIGATION USING THE STARS AND MOON south. In the southern K. Torch (flashlight), I B D together so that
Stars have been used for navigation for centuries, hemisphere, point the batteries and bulb you do not float
but require knowledge of constellations and clear 12 o’clock mark at L. Resealing lids J apart, and also
skies to use. In the northern hemisphere, the the sun and bisect the tie a link to
easiest constellation to identify is the Big Dipper angle between the your grab bag
(known as the Plough in the United Kingdom), mark and the hour so that it does
part of the constellation called Ursa Major, or hand to find north. not get lost in
the Great Bear (see illustration). The two outer heavy waves.
stars on the cup of the Big Dipper (called Dubhe
and Merak) align themselves with a single F
isolated star. This is Polaris, the Pole (North) Star, MOON NAVIGATION
which gives you a permanent point of reference
for geographic north. If you can’t see the Big In addition to stars, the moon can provide navigational When looking at a quarter moon, draw an imaginary G
Dipper, Cassiopeia also directs you to Polaris. guidance. The illumination on the surface of the moon line through the ‘horns’ of the moon down to the K
Following a compass course Cassiopeia is a W- or M-shaped constellation, alters as it turns relation to the sun. If, therefore, the horizon – the place where the line touches the horizon
When following a compass course, turn your whole depending on which way you are looking at it. It moon rises at dusk just after the sun has set, the is due north in the northern hemisphere, due south in L
body with the compass held out in front of you lies on the opposite side of Polaris from the Big illuminated face will be pointing west. Conversely, after the southern hemisphere.
until the direction arrow is on the correct bearing. Dipper. Picture a straight line joining the tips of midnight, the illuminated face will be looking east.
Check your course regularly. the two outside arms of the W (or M), then

172 173 252 253

6 7
Halloween Hauntings German Weapons of World War II
Brian innes Stephen Hart
Halloween Hauntings is a wide- From tanks to aircraft, small arms to
ranging guide to ghostly phenomena ships, German Weapons of World
from all parts of the globe. It covers War II is a compendium of the
cases throughout history: many of Halloween Hauntings most important pieces of German German Weapons of World
them famous, others less well known. Format: 244 x 186mm (9¾ x 7½”) weaponry and equipment that War II
It examines both malign spirits and Extent: 224pp were used during the conflict. Each 264 x 208mm (10½ x 8¼”)
gentle ghosts, apparitions, wraiths, Word count: 60,000 words item is illustrated by a full-colour Extent: 224 pages
haunted houses and spooky urban Illustrations: 100 black and white profile artwork, accompanied by Word count: 55,000 words
photographs Illustrations: 200 black-and-white
myths. Each entry gives details of the detailed specifications. The qualities
ISBN: 978-1-78274-737-6 and colour photographs and colour
date, location and course of events, of key types are compared. In artworks
£19.99 Paperback
as well as providing a historical addition, text for each weapon or ISBN: 978-1-78274-629-4
context and analytical assessment piece of equipment summarises its £19.99 Hardback
of the phenomenon – is it to be development and service history.
believed? Can it be explained?


late 1941and early 1943, the 50mm production tanks in 1936, designated The MG 34 became the standard supply of ammunition available, could
(1.96in) L/60-equipped Models J–M Panzer IV Model A. This design’s firepower asset in a nine-man German bring to a halt the attacks of powerful
remained the stalwarts of the German superstructure overhung the hull sides, infantry section, which existed to Allied forces. The light-role MG 34
panzer force. From late 1943, however, which facilitated subsequent up gunning service and protect the weapon’s fire was also a powerful offensive weapon.
the Germans steadily withdrew this and ample internal high-explosive effect. The primary MG 34 gunner was In April 1942, for example, the SS
Caption heading now-outclassed tank type from front- ammunition stowage for its 7.5cm typically the section’s most experienced Totenkopf Division was locked in
Caption text, caption text, caption line service, although 80 Model M (2.95in) KwK L/24 gun. The design’s soldier and one of the physically largest, bitter fighting around Demyansk on
text, caption text, caption text,
Command Tanks remained operational in suspension consisted of four bogies per as he had to lug the weapon around. the Eastern Front. On 21 April, platoon
caption text, caption text, caption
text, caption text, caption text, 1944. The remaining 704 Panzer III tanks side, each of which carried two small His teammate fed the ammunition belt, commander Sergeant Fiedler found
caption text, caption text, caption served in garrison units across Nazi- rubber tyred wheels supported by four periodically changed the barrel and his command pinned down and facing Maschinengewehr 34 (MG 34) Caption heading
text, caption text. occupied Europe. return rollers. This five-man vehicle cleared jammed rounds. In the defensive destruction through determined enemy Date: 1936 Caption text, caption text, caption
Calibre: 7.92mm (0.31in) Mauser Muzzle velocity: 762m/s (2500ft/s) text, caption text, caption text,
was powered by a 186kW (250hp) role, two other section soldiers brought ripostes. In desperation, Fiedler and his
Operation: Recoil, air-cooled Feed/Magazine: 50- or 75-round drum magazine or caption text, caption text, caption
Panzer IV medium tank engine, weighed 17.3 tonnes (17 tons) up fresh ammunition for the gun while crewmate charged the enemy positions, Weight: 12.1kg (27lb) up to 250-round belt text, caption text, caption text,
The Panzer IV’s developmental origins and featured armour of up to 20mm the other five deployed in foxholes to firing (in doctrinally bizarre fashion) Overall length: 1219mm (48in) Cyclic rate: 800–900rpm caption text, caption text, caption
Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf J began in early 1934 when it was (0.79in) thickness. protect the machine-gun nest from their MG 34 from the hip on the move. Barrel length: 627mm (24.75in) Range: 2000m (6560ft)+ text, caption text.
Crew: 5 Engine: 220kW (296hp) Maybach HL120TRM decided to design a medium close- In 1937, the Germans produced 45 enemy action. In just three minutes, the pair, belching
Production: 1941–42 Range: 155km (96 miles)
support tank with a low-velocity, short- Model Bs that featured 30mm (1.18in)- The impressive fire effect of the MG a storm of fire, assaulted three Soviet
Crew: 5 Speed: 40km/h (25mph)
Weight: 24 tonnes (23.6 tons) Armament: 1 x 50mm (1.96in) KwK 39 L/60; 2 x barrelled, 75mm (2.95in) gun to provide thick armour, which increased the 34, particularly with sustained fire, goes trenches; taken by surprise, some 38 Maschinengewehr 42 (MG 42) effective but also easier to produce
Dimensions: length: 6.28m (20ft 7in); width: 2.95m (9ft 7.92mm (0.31in) MG fire-support to the lighter Pz I, II and vehicle’s weight to 17.7 tonnes (17.4 a long way to explain the defensive Red Army soldiers capitulated. At the machine gun successor to the MG 34. Mauser
9in); height: 2.50m (8ft 2in) Armour: 10–50mm (0.39–1.96in) III tanks. Krupp produced 35 pre- tons). A larger 237kW (320hp) engine resilience often seen by German units, micro-tactical level, the potency of the While the MG 34’s prowess was feared applied their recent experience with
particularly during the war’s final two MG 34 in part helps explain the combat by Allied personnel, its performance cheap mass-production of the MP
years. Just a few MG 34s, well sited to effectiveness seen in many wartime was eclipsed by its successor, the MG 38 and MP 40 sub-machine guns
(1.96in) KwK 39 L/60 gun, which barrelled (24-calibre) 75mm (2.95in) gun exploit the ground and with a copious German units. 42, now widely accepted as the most to create the MG 42, which was
increased the vehicle’s weight to 22.3 fitted in the early Panzer IV. This gun had effective dual-purpose machine gun constructed using cheap and easy
tonnes (21.9 tons). The Model L featured a poor anti-tank performance but was ever designed by that time. In 1940, to produce die-cast and stamped
more effective spaced armour as well as ideal for the heavy close-fire support role Mauser began developing a more components. Despite these basic
a modified suspension to compensate for which the Model N was intended. In
for the new long 50mm (1.96in) gun, total during 1936–43, German factories
making the Model J nose-heavy. The constructed 6123 Panzer III tanks. In
Germans produced 703 Model L tanks in addition, German firms produced 381
June–December 1942. Subsequently, the Panzer III command tank variants.
production run of the Model M, which Just 98 Model A–F tanks fought in
ran from October 1942 to February the September 1939 Polish campaign,
1943, delivered 292 vehicles. The Model although 349 Panzer IIIs participated in
M sported novel thin armour side-skirts the May 1940 Western offensive. During
(Schürzen) to protect its wheels and 1941, the new 50mm (1.96in)-gunned Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf B

tracks from infantry-borne hollow- Model G performed well in the summer Crew: 5 Engine: 220kW (296hp) Maybach HL120TR
Caption heading Caption heading Caption heading
Production: 1937–38 Speed: 40km/h (25mph)
charge anti-tank weapons. In 1942–43, 1941 German onslaught against the Caption text, caption text, caption Caption text, caption text, caption Caption text, caption text, caption
Weight: 20.7 tonnes (20.3 tons) Range: 200km (124 miles)
German factories delivered 666 Model N Soviets. Here, the Germans committed text, caption text, caption text, text, caption text, caption text, text, caption text, caption text,
Dimensions: length: 5.92m (19ft 3in); width: 2.83m (9ft Armament: 1 x 7.5cm (2.95in) KwK37 L/24; 1 x
caption text, caption text, caption caption text, caption text, caption caption text, caption text, caption
tanks, the final version of the Panzer III. 1401 Panzer IIIs, of which 874 mounted 3in); height: 2.68m (8ft 10in) 7.92mm (0.31in) MG13s
text, caption text, caption text,
text, caption text, caption text, text, caption text, caption text,
This design was similar to its predecessor the 50mm (1.96in) L/42 gun. In both Armour: 5–30mm (0.19–1.18in)
caption text, caption text, caption caption text, caption text, caption caption text, caption text, caption
except that it mounted the short- the East and in North Africa between text, caption text. text, caption text. text, caption text.

16 17 106 107

SEPTEMBER 2018 Publication

Military Jet Aircraft
Michael sharpe
Russian Weapons of World War II Military Jet Aircraft is a pocket-sized
David Porter book that features 300 of the most
Russian Weapons of World War II important and influential military jet
features every weapon deployed by aircraft that have flown since World Military Jet Aircraft
the Red Army during the conflict. War II, including such famous aircraft 163 x 123mm (6½ x 4¾”)
Arranged by type, the book features Russian Weapons of World as the Messerschmitt Me 262, the Extent: 320pp
such classics as the T-34 tank, the War II Word count: 60,000 words
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21, the
PPSh-41 submachine gun and the 264 x 208mm (10½ x 8¼”) Illustrations: 300 colour artworks
Extent: 224pp
Dassault Mirage and the Northrop-
152mm M1943 howitzer, which Grumman B-2 Spirit. Each aircraft
ISBN: 978-1-78274-705-5
was still being used well into the Illustrations: 200 col & b/w photos £9.99 Flexibound
and a/ws is illustrated with a superb colour
1990s by forces in the Middle East. artwork, accompanied by a detailed
Word count: 55,000 words
Packed with illustrations and easy- ISBN: 978-1-78274-630-0 specifications table and text that
to-understand diagrams, this is an £19.99 Hardback summarises the design, development
essential reference guide for anyone and service history.
interested in the military technology
of World War II.


Caption heading removed for transport. A total of 275 152mm (5.98in) Gun-Howitzer and resulted in the B-10, intended to be same tracked carriage. The Br-2, which PPSh-41
Caption text, caption text, caption guns were completed between 1934 and Model 1937 (ML-20) mounted on an unusual tracked carriage. was adopted to meet this requirement, Although the PPD-40 was an effective
text, caption text, caption text,
1937, when production was halted in This was the final modernization of Prototype guns were ready in 1932, but had a barrel closely based on that of the submachine gun, it was not well suited
caption text, caption text, caption
text, caption text, caption text, favour of the ML-20. the Model 1910/30. The barrel was prolonged trials revealed major problems B-10, mounted on the tracked carriage to wartime mass production. The
again virtually unchanged, but the new including slow elevation, a poor rate of of the 203mm (8in) B-4 howitzer. The PPSh-41 was carefully designed by
carriage offered greater elevation and fire and unacceptably short barrel life. gun was accepted for service in 1936; an Georgi Shpagin to make the greatest
traverse. The ML-20 was in production Various attempts to resolve these estimated 37 were completed by the time possible use of metal stampings to
between 1937 and 1947, by which time problems were unsuccessful before the production ended in 1940. ease production, while its chrome-
6800 had been completed. project was superseded by an official Despite the gun’s prolonged lined barrel reduced the essential PPS-43 Caption heading
The type was one of the most requirement for a trio of heavy artillery development, it still had problems with Calibre: 7.62mm (0.3in) Feed system: 35-round detachable box magazine Caption text, caption text, caption
maintenance required in the front line.
Length: 820mm (32.25in) Muzzle velocity: 488m/sec (1601ft/sec) text, caption text, caption text,
successful Soviet artillery pieces of the pieces – a 152mm (5.98in) gun, plus rapid barrel wear that were never fully Early-production models were fitted Length of barrel: 254mm (10in) Rate of fire: 700rpm caption text, caption text, caption
war. It out-ranged its main German 203mm (8in) and 280mm (11in) solved. Poor mobility was also an issue: with the 71-round drum magazines of Weight: 3.39kg (7.5lb) Effective range: 200m (656ft) text, caption text, caption text,
opponents, such as the 15cm (5.9in) howitzers – all of which would use the the complete gun could be towed for the PPD-40, but later examples used caption text, caption text, caption
sFH 18, which often allowed it to bring a simpler and more reliable 35-round text, caption text.

down counter-battery fire without risk box magazine. Most were selective-fire
of retaliation. weapons, with the settings for single PPS-42 and PPS-43 the PPS. By end of the war, at least Caption heading
shot or full automatic being made by In 1942, an official requirement was 2,000,000 PPS-43s had been made, Caption text, caption text, caption
text, caption text, caption text,
152mm (5.98in) Gun Model 1935 a small lever just ahead of the trigger. issued for a submachine gun firing the but in view of the Red Army’s massive caption text, caption text, caption
(Br-2) The type proved to be highly effective same ammunition as the PPSh-41, but reserve stocks of submachine guns, text, caption text, caption text,
The first project to develop a long-range even in the most severe combat with a lower rate of fire and cheaper production ceased in 1946. caption text, text, caption text.
152mm (5.98in) gun began in 1929 conditions. Soviet factories completed and easier to produce. The resulting
approximately 6,000,000 before PPS-42 was certainly a simple design,
production ended in 1945. with most components being sheet-
steel stampings, which cut production
time and reduced the requirement for
skilled labour. It was fitted with a simple
folding stock and was only capable of
fully automatic fire fed by a 35-round
box magazine. More than 46,000 were
completed before production switched
to the improved PPS-43. This was a
very similar weapon, but had a different
design of folding stock and safety catch.
Under normal circumstances, the
152mm (5.98in) gun-howitzer 152mm (5.98in) Gun-Howitzer Model 1937 (ML-20) PPS-43 would probably have been
Model 1937 (ML-20) Weight (deployed): 7270kg (16,027lb) Height: 2.27m (7ft 5in) 152mm (5.98in) Gun Model 1935 (Br-2) 152mm (5.98in) gun Model 1935 adopted as the Red Army’s standard
This is an early-production ML-20 Weight (travelling order): 7930kg (17,482lb) Shell weight: 43.6kg (96lb) Weight (deployed): 18,200kg (40,100lb) Shell weight: 49kg (108lb) (Br-2)
fitted with the solid-tyred spoked Length: 8.18m (26ft 10in) (with limber; barrel retracted Elevation: −2° to +65° PPSh-41 submachine gun. However, a massive
Weight (travelling order): 19,500kg (43,000lb) Elevation: 0° to +60° The Br-2 served throughout the war,
wheels of the Model 1910/34. for travel) Traverse: 58° Length: 11.44m (37ft 6in) Traverse: 8° notably at Kursk in 1943 and in
Caption heading Calibre: 7.62mm (0.3in) Feed system: 71-round detachable drum magazine, investment had already been made
Caption text, caption text, caption Length: 843mm (33.2in) or 35-round detachable box magazine
Barrel length: 4.3m (14ft 1in) L/29 (without muzzle Rate of fire: 3–4rpm Barrel length: 7.17m (23ft 6in) L/47.2 Rate of fire: 1 round every 2–3 minutes support of 8th Guards Army at the for PPSh-41 production, which was
brake) Muzzle velocity: 650m/s (2133ft/s) text, caption text, caption text, Length of barrel: 269mm (10.6in) Muzzle velocity: 488m/sec (1601ft/sec)
Width: 2.49m (8ft 2in) Muzzle velocity: 880m/s (2887ft/s) Battle of the Seelow Heights.
Weight: 3.63kg (8lb) Rate of fire: 900rpm
running at over 1,000,000 a year, that
Width: 2.35m (7ft 9in) Maximum range: 17,265m (56,640ft) caption text, caption text, caption
Height: 3.2m (10ft 6in) Maximum range: 27,000m (88,580ft)
text, caption text, caption text, Effective range: 200m (656ft) it would have been uneconomical
caption text, text, caption text. to completely switch production to

96 97 108 109

8 9
Tanks & Military Vehicles OCTOBER 2018 Publication
philip trewhitt
From the crude, unreliable tanks
that first appeared on the Western The Art of War Illustrated
Front during World War I to today’s Sun Tzu
high-tech machines, Tanks & Military Tanks & Military Vehicles Written in the 6th century BCE, Sun
Vehicles features 300 of the most 163 x 123mm (6½ x 4¾”)
Tzu’s The Art of War is still used by
important and influential tanks and Extent: 320pp
military strategists today. This dual-
AFVs from 1916 to the present day. Word count: 60,000 words
Illustrations: 300 colour artworks language edition not only presents The Art of War Illustrated
With a page per entry, each vehicle the original Chinese characters 264 x 195mm (10½ x 7¾”)
ISBN: 978-1-78274-706-2
is illustrated by a full-colour side- alongside a modern translation, Extent: 160pp
£9.99 Flexibound
profile artwork, and accompanied by but, with 13 new commentaries by Word count: 35,000 words
detailed specifications. In addition, military historians, gives examples Illustrations: 40 colour artworks and
there is accompanying text for each of how Sun Tzu’s wisdom has been
battle maps
vehicle that summarises the vehicle’s ISBN: 978-1-78274-676-8
borne out on the world’s battlefields. £19.99 Chinese-bound Hardback
development and service history. Illustrated with colour battle maps,
paintings and artworks, this is a
classic text richly deserving this
Chinese-bound edition.

The Viking Warrior The Aztec, Inca & Maya Empires

Ben hubbard Martin J. Dougherty
Beginning in 789CE, the Vikings The Aztec, Inca & Maya Empires
raided monasteries, sacked charts the rise and fall of pre-
settlements and invaded the Atlantic Columbian civilisations in
coast of Europe. They looted and The Viking Warrior Mesoamerica and South America, The Aztec, Inca & Maya
enslaved their enemies, terrorizing all 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”) from the Maya to the Aztec and Empires
whom they encountered, and fought Extent: 224 pages Inca empires, as well as the 244 x 186mm (9¾ x 7½”)
battles from Ireland to the Caspian Word count: 50,000 words Zapotec, Olmec, Teotihuacan and Extent: 224pp
Sea. Illustrated with more than 200 Illustrations: more than 200 colour Toltec societies. From government Word count: 50,000 words
artworks, photographs and maps Illustrations: 180 colour and b/w
maps, photographs and artworks, structures to marriage rites, from
ISBN: 978-1-78274-738-3 photographs, artworks and maps
The Viking Warrior examines these £19.99 Hardback
pyramids to human sacrifice, from ISBN: 978-1-78274-679-9
fearsome Norsemen through their agriculture to textiles, the book £19.99 Hardback
origins, social structure, raiding explores the history of Latin America
culture, weapons, trading networks from its early kingdoms up to the
and settlements. European conquests.

84 T H E M AY A C I V I L I Z A T I O N T H E M AY A C I V I L I Z A T I O N 85 T H E M AY A C I V I L I Z A T I O N 97

THE RISE OF THE CITIES within the Mayan language family, right: The people of Tikal
The Mayan population was spread over a large area with and to the uneven spread of went about their daily
differing terrain. The lowlands of the north, mostly within the cultural traits as well as limit business with the temples
below: This reconstruction Yucatán peninsula, lay between the Gulf of Mexico and the technologies. The people of of their gods towering
of the site at Dos Pilas Caribbean Sea, but received relatively low rainfall and were the Guatemalan highlands are over them. During
shows aspects of the less agriculturally productive than the lands to the south. The often referred to as the K’iche’ ceremonies they would
Mayan religion – a Guatemalan highlands to the south were cooler and more fertile, Maya for their main language observe bound sacrifices
ceremony atop the temple though occasionally affected by volcanic activity. Between the group, while those living in the tumbling down the long
pyramid watched by the two was another area of lowlands, forming the third major Yucatán peninsula are typically staircase to a grisly death.
general populace, whilst division of Mayan territory. called Yucatec Maya. These
a ceremonial ball game is The different conditions in these major regions and many distinctions are very broad,
in progress. subregions contributed to the evolution of multiple languages of course; there were significant
variations in language, beliefs and customs
across quite short distances.
The growth of early Maya settlements depended first and above: San Bartolo
foremost on the availability of food, then on good leadership that became an important
could mitigate the inevitable setbacks and disasters that would centre for trade and
occur in the lifetime of any community. Those that weathered culture in the Late Pre-
difficult times in relative stability had a chance to grow into large Classic period. The oldest
towns and finally cities. known Mayan murals
The potential importance of any given city depended largely have been found there,
upon trade. Physical isolation due to difficult terrain might along with numerous
enhance security but ultimately limited the influence a city could carvings depicting gods
exert as well as limit access to goods that could not be sourced and cosmology.
locally. Political isolation arising from bad relations with other
cities would have the same effect.
In the longer term, those cities that joined the emerging
trade network and maintained at least neutral relations with
their neighbours prospered and continued to grow. As the cities
grew larger, trade became ever more important and those that
controlled it benefited the most. Often this was an accident of
geography, with some cities standing on important trade routes
and becoming the hubs of commerce.
Over time, some cities began to build roads and causeways
to their neighbours. These may have had religious significance,
but they certainly made trade easier and more efficient. Political
advantage was also gained from more rapid and regular

10 11
Stalin NOVEMBER 2018 Publication
Michael Kerrigan
Thug, armed robber, activist,
revolutionary, tyrant – we know
the headlines, we know about the
The Medieval Knight
Phyllis G. Jestice
atrocities, but what do we really know Stalin
Cold-blooded killer or noble
of the man at the heart of it all? Stalin 244 x 186mm (9½ x 7½”)
Extent: 224pp
protector? Romantic lover or
looks behind the image and explores
Word count: 50,000 words terrorizer of the poor? The knightly
the dictator’s life from childhood to
Illustrations: 180 colour and b/w ideal remains a part of European The Medieval Knight
exile, from his marriage and affairs
photographs and artworks culture, a symbol of high morals and 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”)
to his rise to power. It explores his Extent: 224 pages
ISBN: 978-1-78274-678-2 selfless conduct. The Medieval Knight
political ideology and murderous Word count: 50,000 words
£19.99 Hardback explores the reality of what it meant
purges. And it investigates the theory Illustrations: more than 200 colour
to be a heavily armed and armoured
that the dictator might have been artworks, photographs and maps
fighting man in an era when military
murdered by those close to him. ISBN: 978-1-78274-680-5
prowess was the ultimate good. £19.99 Hardback
Arranged thematically, the book
examines the idea of knighthood,
training, fighting techniques, armour
A steel mill in staninsk, 1948.
stalin had realized in the late
1920s that if Russia was to
et, ut int magnisi nullacepelit
quia voluptata dio molupta
placeaq uatquam, inullic
mo il inusda dolorestrum
accum volo voluptur? Lam
et labores trumet quodite
and different knightly orders.
become a key player in the taturen dellut enis nimpore ceptatum untinim porerchit
global market, the country ndaeped icillat iumquos ut unt quodistrum que net eati
needed to industrialise rapidly. veliti doluptas eos ad excerer cum quia quis sequatur,
spietur se por aliquis dolorias tem et lacerum ium hilleces
ne aceperc hillis alignistisci endebite ium eum rendipsam am illuptatur aut doluptas
rentiume ium rerion eos es aut velecab orehento quia autatia a que plitatenimus
que vercipsam de voloresent, apictis si andaectem hillori peligeniment maximpore
80 Training and FighTing Techniques Training and FighTing Techniques 81
ex expedione lab iliqui tem ut re re dus estio tem saperov santint excea des aut poriti
vidi ducius secatiat optatem iducit eumendi gendand dolorepe omnimusdam et

aceatqui comnis delibus icipsum faccullent volupti intios enihili ciminve lestrum
plique eosam ea simintia ium, aut earion cus delictem ratus harum erupta cone doluptur, “The result was gruelling, shocking
omnihilique as aciist officimus acipsus restibus apienet ommoditat modis mosam vit
min est, seniminctio ditias laceperibus, utem aut et, que ressequo quo cus que earumqu encounters that must have left

and Fighting
dem facil intiostem am, ne excest, nonseque con parum aeriber eptatia vellaut quiae
accaeptianim vel eatur reictur reptatur asincie ndignimus estrum el et veliquatur re, quat.
psychological scars on knights even
audit, velicia verum nem. Ut es imporem velitiu ntincit, Liquas et qui inullacea qui though relatively few knights died in
fugia volupta ne naturit ipsam con poribus et expliquam numet utem fugit ulparun

aped magniende occatem non res et am ipsanditatem abor tecerib usanis si voles di conesti battle before the fourteenth century.”
est exeruptas eum qui ulparum sitia et, vellabo reprorionet untium nonsequid quodistrum
nullutem nonsent, eos diciis audae nonem qui debis as estis aut officia pa volorepra
bATTLeFIeLd TACTICs or occasionally mace or axe. Most
On the battlefield, the mounted casualties in medieval battles
By the twelfth century, except in Italy, it had become unusual for anyone to become a knight potentially carried out two occurred during the pursuit of a
WORkERs knight but the son of a knight. But knighthood was far from being an honour automatically main tasks, which can be summed broken enemy, as running men
up as charge and pursuit. An initial were unable to defend themselves
Pore is excepud aernatia consequo granted when a noble boy came of age. The candidate for knighthood had to prove real charge would be conducted with from the knights riding them down
volupti tem fugias eatur as military prowess. He required the ability to control a mettlesome stallion, even if his steed couched lances, a manoeuvre as they fled.
magnisim re corit optatur, quam, was panicked or wounded. that was most effective when Although some battles were
que rempel expel ma eum volore sweeping down on unprotected a matter of a single quick charge

oditasp eribus ilictur, ommolenis infantry, then after the initial and then pursuit, a hopelessly
veliam seribusae voloratem quunt. he prospective knight The boyhood great knightly deeds from the time charge fighting with the sword overmatched enemy
Geni te pe volupta dolupta had to be able to handle oF A knIghT he was in the cradle, and probably
a heavy lance, keeping The boys of noble families spent would have seen the mighty deeds
doluptatur? Ectur?
it steady while charging the first seven years of their lives of his ancestors emblazoned on
Et quae sandis evenimusto
at a gallop and holding it firmly mostly under their mothers’ care. tapestries in his home. The boy
volor sam quasper itaspelibus, qui consequias quod quiam lam exceate mporporepre quamus.
enough to unseat an enemy who But even in young childhood, the would also have received toys
ommodi ut vollor reped eium aperro cuptatatia nesequae. Optas Perovitem fugitiori berchictur, was careening towards him at future knight would have been that evoked the life of knights:
quo dolor minti blaccabor et ut audi dolorit lat facercimil et temque versperit estia nectenecti the same breakneck speed. He conditioned for the life hobbyhorses to ride or toy knights
moluptaecto inverentis dolo quatiatur? aut latur aut re niatusti ipsum had to be able to bear the weight to which he would crafted from pewter. Thanks to the
maxim sediaeperum que volore Id modicabores dolupiti nem. que mo doloriam quamet ipsandi of 18–32kg (40–70lb) of armour aspire as an adult. good records kept by the English
nis atum volupis dolupta conem Od exerio vero in explatur? Ut corit re nam res si comniatem es (depending on the period), the He would hear court, we know that King Edward
aceaque quas ipis aliat omnis voluptiorro dolo torrum restiis doloriorem sinciis inctorem quam, suffocating heat of battle, and songs and I gave his sons toy castles and
the gruelling muscle burn stories of miniature siege engines to inspire Left: A knight ‘banneret’ was not a usually avoided a pitched battle. cavalry and infantry. Infantry some of the allied force, under
of fighting with a sword, hereditary office, but rather a title given Therefore, except in the case of came into greater prominence in heavy French attack, made a circle
sometimes for hours at a to an individual with good leadership surprise attack or ambush, most the fourteenth century, as we will of pikemen. Their knights would
skills. It was marked by a square banner,
stretch. Such abilities battles were waged between fairly see, but at no point could armies take shelter within the infantry
54 55 to be followed on the battlefield.
and endurance could equal competitors. The result was do without them. Archers or circle to regroup, then leave to
only be gained with Facing page: In this scene from the gruelling, shocking encounters that spearmen could slow an enemy fight again. The device ultimately
long and frequently Codex Manesse (1310), ladies look Above: Assault on emperor otto IV’s must have left psychological scars charge, protect the flank, or provide failed, but certainly extended the
painful training. So, on as their knights compete in a standard in the battle of bouvines on knights even though relatively the anvil against which the cavalry resistance of the allied army.
from childhood, tournament melée. (1214). otto was only saved from few knights died in battle before could strike and hold the enemy. A battle could take hours, with
death or capture by the efforts of his
the prospective the fourteenth century. Knights would often take positions the knights of the offensive army
Left: At the first stage of training to be a household knights.
knight was knight, young pages would have served Almost all battles of the high to protect infantrymen, and the repeatedly attacking a stationary,
trained for the noble members of the household and late Middle Ages were fought reverse was also true. For example, defensive enemy, then drawing off
feats of arms. where they lived. with a combination of heavy in the Battle of Bouvines in 1214, to catch their breath, regroup, and

Marisa St Clair Great World War II Weapons: Tiger Tank
Astrology is an illustrated guide with Roger Ford
easy-to-use instructions to help you Germany’s Tiger tank was World
understand the fundamentals of the War II’s most powerful armoured
Zodiac: what should you understand Astrology fighting vehicle. The Tiger Tank
by your sun sign? How do you work 264 x 195mm (10½ x 7¾”)
traces the tank’s history from the Great World War II Weapons:
out what your moon sign is? What Extent: 96pp
strategic requirements that created Tiger Tank
kind of personality are you – and to Illustrations: 85 b/w artworks
it, the technology that made it, 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”)
whom are you best suited? Illustrated Word count: 8,000 words
to the conflicts that tested it. The Extent: 96 pages
ISBN: 978-1-78274-677-5
with 85 specially commissioned book analyses the doctrines that Word count: 35,000 words
£14.99 Chinese-bound Hardback
artworks and beautifully presented Illustrations: 70 colour and black-
determined how the tank was
on high quality paper with a special and-white photographs, 10 colour
deployed and examines how artworks
Chinese binding, Astrology is the successful these were. Specification ISBN: 978-1-78274-681-2
perfect guide to your inner and outer tables provide manufacturing details, £14.99 Paperback
life as determined by the planets. while comparative tables show how it
outmatched its rivals.


CHAPTER 3 four-platoon companies when their heavy tanks were finally The 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion lost its 2 Company,
delivered. The PzKpfw III (75) was a PzKpfw III Ausf N with which became 3 Company/503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion
the short L/24 7.5cm gun, capable of firing high explosive, high on 10 February, and got new 2 and 3 Companies on 1 April.

Tiger Tank Unit

explosive anti-tank, smoke and anti-personnel rounds. It was Possibly because it was treated as an experimental unit, 1
often known as PzKpfw III Kz (Kz for kurz, meaning short). Company/502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion had an anomalous
The 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion was to have four table of organisation. It received nine PzKpfw III Lgs to

Organisation and
PzKpfw VIs in each of two platoons and five PzKpfw III Kzs supplement its nine III Kzs in late September 1942, and
in each of the other two, with one PzKpfw VI in the Company records show that it continued to operate all three types of
Headquarters, while the combat companies of the 501st and tank until the latter part of 1943. The 505th Heavy Panzer

Combat Tactics
503rd Heavy Panzer Battalions had two PzKpfw VIs and two Battalion also operated both types of PzKpfw III alongside
PzKpfw III Kzs in each platoon, and one PzKpfw VI along its Tigers on the Eastern Front until Operation Zitadelle (the
with two PzKpfw III Kzs in the Company Headquarters offensive at Kursk) in July 1943.
(Kompanie-Truppe). This arrangement was formalised in the In general, however, the PzKpfw III Lgs proved to be
Wartime Organisation Table 1176d of 15 August 1942. no more effective than the Ausf Ns, and the Wartime
The development of the Tiger heavy tank caused Organisation Table 1176e of 5 March 1943 ordered that
a considerable upheaval in the organisation of MIXED PANZER COMPANIES the strength of each company was to be increased to 14
Alongside this, the battalion’s Headquarters Company PzKpfw VIs, organised in three platoons of four tanks each,
Germany’s armoured divisions. Initially, it was (Stabskompanie) was organised according to Wartime together with a Kompanie-Truppe of two tanks. Also, each
planned to use the new tanks in mixed platoons, Organisation Table 1150d of the same date, with two Tiger battalion had a signals platoon equipped with one standard
command tanks (Panzerbefehlswagen) and a PzKpfw III Ausf PzKpfw VI and two others transformed into command tanks
alongside PzKpfw III and IV medium tanks, but L, with the KwK39 5cm L/60 gun, known as the PzKpfw (SdKfz 267/268 Panzerbefehlswagen) with additional radio
that plan was soon shelved. III Lg (Lg for lang, meaning long) in its Signals Platoon equipment in place of some of their ammunition storage
(Nachrichtenzug), and five PzKpfw III Lgs in a separate platoon. bins. In all, total battalion strength numbered 45 tanks.
Soon after the decision to produce a heavy tank was Four months later, the first Tigers had gone into battle, and
taken, and even before their operating characteristics became an amended table of organisation was issued, swopping the Below: This picture, taken somewhere in northern Germany in 1945, of a Tiger
known, changes were made to the table of organisation PzKpfw III Kzs in the combat companies for PzKpfw III Lgs. alongside one of its main adversaries, a British Cromwell (probably a Mk IV), shows
of the German Army and Waffen-SS Panzer Divisions The original battalions had two combat companies each, clearly the huge difference in size between the two. An attempt may have been
to accommodate them. The first step was to establish but were upgraded to three during the first trimester of 1943. made to recover the Tiger, for a towing cable is attached to one of the front eyes.
heavy-tank companies (schwere Panzerkompanien – s.Pz.Kp)
as independent units (Heerestruppen), composed of three Despite the protests of most of the unit commanders Above: By the style in which its tactical number is painted (variations on which
platoons [Zuge] with three PzKpfw VIs each. Initially there involved, the PzKpfw IIIs were withdrawn from all except are often the only means of placing a tank in a particular unit), this Tiger seems
were two heavy tank companies, 501st and 502nd, created 1 Company/502nd and 505th Heavy Panzer Battalions and to have been part of s.Pz.Abt. 503, 2nd Company. It is halted on a road march
on 16 February 1942. The two were united and remustered were replaced with half-tracked armoured infantry carriers and is equipped with some very nonstandard items atop its turret.
as 1 and 2 Companies/501st Heavy Panzer Battalion (schwere (Leichter Schützenpanzerwagen, SdKfz 250), assigned to the
Panzerabteilung) on 10 May. Confusingly, 503rd Heavy battalion headquarters company for scouting and perimeter battalion to be formed, 510th, was not created until 6 June
Panzer Battalion had actually been formed five days earlier, guard duties. These changes were largely completed on the 1944, the day the Allies landed in Normandy. During the
and was thus, nominally at least, the German Army’s senior Eastern Front by the start of Operation Zitadelle. course of the war, some units’ designations were changed:
heavy tank battalion – 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion was The reasons for this reorganisation were both tactical the reconstituted 501st became Heavy Panzer Battalion 424
created two weeks later. and logistical. The PzKpfw IIIs had been assigned to act in November 1944; the 502nd was redesignated 511th on
It was initially intended that the 501st and 503rd Heavy as the Tigers’ ‘minders’, and were simply not up to the 5 January 1945 and the 503rd was renamed Heavy Panzer
Panzer Battalions should be equipped with PzKpfw VI(P) task – a fact which should have been obvious all along, Battalion Feldherrnhalle on 21 December 1944.
s, and sent to North Africa, and that the 502nd should be since the inadequacies of the medium tanks had been Late in the war, the tanks allocated to Reserve Army
equipped with PzKpfw VI(H)s, and sent to the Eastern the reason for rushing the Tiger into production in the training units were pressed into combat service; these
Front. The Porsche-produced PzKpfw VI(P) was cancelled, first place. In addition, the presence of two types of tank units were equipped, as one might imagine, with a mix of
resulting in a delay while the 501st and 503rd Heavy Panzer within each company put a considerable burden on the the vehicles to be found on active service, including some
Battalions were retrained on the very different Henschel companies’ Vehicle Maintenance Section (Kraftfahrzeug- Tigers. A total of 30 Tigers (some reports suggest more)
tank. Thus it was that the 502nd Heavy Panzer Battalion Instandsetzungsgruppe) and the battalion’s Workshop and 15 King Tigers were shipped to army training units
became the first Tiger-equipped unit to go into action. Company (Werkstatt-Kompanie), and eliminating the in total, including the 14 Tigers which went to Paderborn
The pioneering units had vehicles before they began to receive medium tank simplified the task considerably. However, before September 1944 (see below), and a further eight
Tigers, of course. In April 1942, a decision had been taken that this did not mean the end of PzKpfw IIIs and IVs, only which went to SS training units. Tiger tanks were allocated
each Tiger tank sent into action should be accompanied by that the medium tanks were not now expected to defend to radio-control (Funklenk) units, which were trained to
a PzKpfw III to provide security, and Wartime Organisation the Tigers. deploy unmanned, remotely controlled half-tracked vehicles
Table 1176 was drawn up accordingly and issued on 25 In all, 11 heavy tank battalions were to be created within – SdKfz 301 Sprengstoffträger – packed with explosives.
April. A total of 10 PzKpfw III (75)s were issued, to make up the German Army, numbering 501 to 510, together with the The radio-controlled units were never successful, and what
3rd Battalion/Grossdeutschland Panzer Regiment. The latter remained of them was thrown into the fighting in 1945 in
Left: Said to be the first photograph of a Tiger tank ever published (in April was made up of the remnants of the 501st Battalion and the conventional role. When the Panzer-Lehr Division was
1943, but it was probably taken quite some time earlier), this is one of the 10 504th Battalion, together with one re-equipped company of formed in January 1944, from a collection of smaller Panzer-
heavy tanks that 8.Kp/SS-Pz.Rgt. 2 took to Russia in February 1943, for the the regiment itself. Units were formed as and when vehicles Lehr units, some of the 10 Tiger tanks that had been issued
successful counteroffensive around Kharkov. This type lacks cyclone air filters. to equip them came off the production lines, and the last to the 130th Panzer-Lehr Regiment the previous October
44 45 46 47

12 13
Great World War II Weapons: Panther Tank Great World War II Weapons:
matthew hughes & chris B-17 Flying Fortress
mann Robert Jackson
Built to counter the Soviet T-34, Designed to protect the US coasts
Germany’s Panther tank was only from hostile warships, the Boeing
introduced in 1943, but by the end Great World War II Weapons: B-17 became a mainstay of Allied Great World War II Weapons:
of the war more than 6,000 had been Panther Tank daylight bombing raids on Nazi B-17 Flying Fortress
produced. Featuring 70 photographs 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”) 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”)
Germany. The B-17 Flying Fortress
and colour artworks, Panther Tank Extent: 96 pages Extent: 96 pages
Word count: 35,000 words gives a complete account of the
follows the development and service aircraft from its appearance to its Word count: 35,000 words
Illustrations: 70 colour and black- Illustrations: 70 photographs, 10
history of World War II’s finest retirement. The book ranges from the
and-white photographs, 10 colour artworks
all-rounder. Specification tables artworks aircraft’s design and development
provide manufacturing details, while ISBN: 978-1-78274-684-3
ISBN: 978-1-78274-682-9 history to its service record. £14.99 Paperback
comparison tables allow the reader £14.99 Paperback
to make at-a-glance assessments of
how the Panther matched its rivals.


the attack. This rigidity meant that German counter-attacks units. In one action in January 1944, Bäke’s unit fought for stabilised along the line of the Vistula river, the Germans
seldom met a coordinated response, and the Panthers and five days, destroying no fewer than 267 Soviet tanks for the attempted to shore up their front to meet the next Russian
Panzer IVs were able to inflict much larger losses than would
usually have been the case. Certainly, they were not able
loss of only one Tiger and four Panthers. Bäke’s unit then
provided the vanguard of the III Panzer Corps as it drove to
attack. To make matters worse for Germany, Romania, allied
to Germany, fell out of the war. Russian troops of Roman
to use similar tactics against the better trained Allied tank the relief of trapped German troops who were attempting Malinovsky’s Second Ukrainian Front struck out to take

Operations in
crews in Italy and Normandy. to escape Soviet encirclement. In all these engagements, advantage of Rumania’s collapse and, spearheaded by the
What thwarted the Germans was the sheer weight of the Panthers proved their worth, but they were too few in Sixth Tank Army, took Bucharest in September 1944. More
Soviet matériel coupled to illogical ‘no retreat’ orders issued number to do any more than delay the Soviet push west. importantly, Russia captured the Ploesti oil fields, one of

Western Europe,
by Hitler. Panthers, along with countless German troops, One Soviet tank lieutenant, Degan, recalled the difficulty Germany’s last remaining sources of crude oil. Soon German
found themselves surrounded in the battles of 1944. These of fighting a tank such as the Panther: ‘I couldn’t do anything Panthers would be grounded by lack of fuel.
encircled troops either surrendered or fought ‘Cauldron’ with a German tank like a Tiger or Panther if I met it head The problem for the Panther crews was that after Kursk,

(Kesselschlachten) battles to break the encirclement. In such on. If I was going to win, I had to find its weak spot, and the momentum of the war was towards Germany. Therefore,
battles, casualties were high, and they placed a premium on that meant approaching it from the side. So our usual tactics, they were increasingly fighting in a defensive role rather than
serviceable Panthers. Panthers were therefore organised into when we were advancing and knew that there might be a in the attacking formations described above. While it was a
special rescue units to relieve trapped pockets of Germans. tank ambush ahead, was to advance suddenly, stop and open big improvement over the Panzer IV, Guderian was forced to
One formation specially raised for this purpose was the fire as if we knew there was something there, and often turn count on the more reliable (and abundant) Panzer IV to the With the advent of the Mustang to protect and
Heavy Panzer Regiment Bäke, named after its commander, around and take to our heels. We hoped they would open war’s end, so resisted attempts to end production in favour of
Oberstleutnant Franz Bäke. The regiment combined one fire, and we would then be able to see where they were heavier but more temperamental tanks such as the Panther.
escort the Fortresses all the way to the target
Tiger battalion with 34 tanks, a Panther battalion with 46 firing from and could then fight back.’ and back again, aircraft losses fell, and
tanks, and balanced supporting arms, including an infantry It was supply difficulties which halted the Russian consequently the damage caused to Germany’s
battalion, self-propelled artillery and engineer bridging summer 1944 offensive, rather than any real opposition. Having advanced into Poland, the Soviet commander,
The Russians were now established in Poland and East Georgi Zhukov, planned the final offensive into Germany war effort rose immensely. At the same time
Below: The Jagdpanther, with its potent 88mm (3.46in) gun. The Prussia, the heartland of German militarism, and stood and on to Berlin. By October 1944, the plans for a new production of the B-17 reached its wartime peak,
Jagdpanther was probably the finest tank destroyer of World War II, poised to move into Germany itself. The remaining German offensive were well advanced and 13 mechanised corps
and even more feared than the Panther by the Allies. Panthers fought with tenacity and courage but sheer weight were established to provide the main thrust into the
and new aircraft were arriving in East Anglia in
of numbers overwhelmed them. When the Russian advance Reich. These corps were made up of T-34s leavened with droves to join the fight against the Axis powers.
some heavy tank units made up with heavier JS tanks.
Below: A rear view of a mid-production Panther Ausf A. Note the The Russians also mobilised élite Guards Tank armies,
prominent commander’s cupola which is located well to the rear of the reminiscent of the days of the old Tsarist armies, to smash ‘First of all you must win the battle of the air. That must
turret, and the six Schürzen side skirting plates. through the German lines. come before you start a single sea or land engagement. If you
examine the conduct of my campaigns, you will find that we
In January 1945, the thunder of Russian artillery marked Above: A Panther Ausf A with a traversed turret. The turret on a never fought a land battle until the air battle was won.’
Above: With the Germans on the defensive from 1943 onwards, had sufficient armour to build huge tank armies which the attack across the Vistula River. Once the German lines had Panther Ausf A could traverse fully in only 15 seconds. Speed of So spoke Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery in December Left: While ground crew service the aircraft, another paints mission Above: Bombs falling on target during an attack on oil storage facili-
camouflage measures such as these became increasingly common. dwarfed anything the Germans could put into the field, and been punctured, Russian armour raced through the gap to traverse could mean the difference between life and death for the crew. 1943, referring to the successful Allied campaigns of 1942–3 symbols on B-17G ‘Nine O Nine’ of the 333rd Bomb Squadron, 91st ties at Regensburg, 18 December 1944. An raid on Regensburg a year
Here a Panther’s distinctive profile has been disguised by wheat. the Germans were now outnumbered three-to-one. The push deep behind the German lines. Some Russian tanks were in North Africa. The initial object of these campaigns Bomb Group. This aircraft went on to complete 140 missions. earlier cost the Eighth Air Force some of its heaviest losses.
tables were finally turning from the heady days of 1941 equipped with a rudimentary form of Schnorkel gear which halt the Soviet push on Berlin. German troops in Pomerania had been to defend the Suez Canal and the Anglo-Persian
the Panther, as at the battle at Narva, proved its worth. The when the Wehrmacht had smashed into Russia and driven allowed amphibious crossings, and this enabled them to pass to the north also threatened any advance on Berlin with an oilfields. When this had been achieved the goal was As for the Messerschmitt factory at Augsburg, it needed escort, and particularly the Mustangs, began to account for
accuracy and punch of the 75mm gun allowed the Panther to to the gates of Moscow. river obstacles such as the Vistula in the 1944 offensives. attack into the Russians’ flank. The early capture of Berlin widened to include the elimination of the Axis forces in only two weeks of round-the-clock work before production more enemy aircraft with every passing week.
destroy any enemy tank at distances from 2011m (2200yds). All along the front, Soviet forces moved forward in a The Germans fell back. Warsaw, the capital of Poland, was impossible. North Africa and the capture of the entire southern coast was back to normal. At an aircraft factory near Leipzig 160 On 6 March 1944 Mustangs appeared for the first time over
The Panther was also deployed across the Panzer units and series of set-piece battles which took advantage of their soon fell to the tanks of the Red Army which were now of the Mediterranean. By May 1943 the last pockets of Axis crated fighters were salvaged from the ruins; almost all were Berlin and took part in one of the most bitterly contested air
not in special formations like the Tiger tank. During 1944– limitless manpower and huge tank forces. Typically, after advancing at a rate of 80.5km (50 miles) a day. However, OPERATION ‘SPRING AWAKENING’
resistance in Tunisia had been wiped out, and General Erwin found to be repairable. Under the direction of Albert Speer, battles of the war. When it ended the Americans had lost 69
45, the Soviets gained a very healthy respect for its combat a heavy bombardment, an attack would be spearheaded by Berlin was not taken in this advance and the advance on The Germans continued to organise a bitter rearguard action. Rommel’s once proud Afrika Korps had ceased to exist. Vast the minister of munitions and war production, factories bombers – 15 of them belonging to the ill-fated 100th BG
power, and made great efforts to recover and repair disabled heavy tanks which would penetrate the German defences Berlin was not resumed until April 1945. The Russian Army’s In the west, this involved the Ardennes counter-offensive Allied land and air forces now stood idle in North Africa, and were hastily dispersed to make it more difficult for the Allies – and 11 fighters, but the Germans lost 80 aircraft, almost
vehicles so that the Red Army could deploy several Panther- and force an opening for the following T-34s and infantry. halt before Berlin has been the subject of hot debate. One (Battle of the ‘Bulge’) in late 1944. The collapse of the 1944
the question of their future employment became a matter of to attempt another knockout blow. half the defending force. Another heavily escorted attack
equipped tank companies against the vehicle’s inventors. The problem for the Germans was that there were too few explanation was the need to bring the logistical train forward Ardennes counter-offensive did not bring any respite for
urgent priority. on Berlin by 590 bombers on 8 March, when several key
Panthers available to halt the Soviets. The Soviets had the to supply the men and tanks. Fuel was short and ammunition the battle-weary German troops and tank crews. In 1945, LUFTWAFFE LOSSES
With no prospect of launching an invasion of Occupied factories were destroyed, cost the Americans 37 bombers
THE PANTHER AND THE SOVIET resources to attack again and again over the same ground was needed to replenish the tanks, as well as guns. The Hitler turned to the Waffen-SS formations of the Sixth SS
SUMMER OFFENSIVES OF 1944 Europe from England in 1943, there remained two Although in the final analysis the ‘Big Week’ offensive made and 17 fighters; but when 669 bombers again struck at the
and eventually wear down the German defenders. usually reliable tanks within the Soviet tank armies suffered Panzer Army for a new counter-offensive in the east. After a
alternatives: either the forces in North Africa could be little difference to the output of single-seat fighters for the German capital on the 22nd they encountered almost no
On 22 June 1944, the third anniversary of Operation Against these attacks, the Germans organised the Panthers mechanical breakdowns, as with the Panther, and cut down few days’ rest and receipt of newly produced Panthers, he
transferred to Burma and the Pacific to take part in the Luftwaffe, which reached the level of 2000 per month by opposition. Twelve bombers were shot down, but all of
Barbarossa, Soviet T-34s spearheaded a huge attack on the into mobile counter-attack units. These units would slice on Soviet effectiveness, as the rapid advances took their toll ordered the Sixth SS Panzer Army to Hungary to participate
war against Japan, or they could follow up their African the middle of 1944, the daylight offensive of January–April them were victims of the flak.
German lines, pushing the Germans back 724.2km (450 into the flank of any Soviet attack once the attack was on tracks and moving parts. There was also the question in the 10 February 1945 ‘Spring Awakening’ offensive. The
victory by invading Sicily and Italy. In the latter event the 1944 cost the Luftwaffe more than 1000 pilots, many of During this period many long-range missions were flown
miles) and destroying 25 German divisions. This advance underway. As many Soviet tanks were without radios, the of the increasingly desperate German resistance in front SS Hitlerjugend, for example, received 16 new Panther Ausf
objective would be to eliminate Italy from the war and open them experienced veterans. Although the claims of the by the Fifteenth Air Force’s B-17s and B-24s to targets in
proved how much Russian armour had improved, both in Soviets relied on their tank crews following pre-arranged of their capital. Units of every type – including Volkssturm G tanks, raising its Panzer strength to 44. After four weeks’
their tactics and standard of equipment. The Russians now tactics in which each tank was only prepared for its part in units composed of the very old and very young – fought to bitter, but futile, fighting in Hungary against overwhelming Fortress and Liberator gunners were vastly inflated in the the Balkans, the main strategic aim being to inflict as much
Left: Escorted by P-51 Mustang fighters, B-17Gs head for Berlin. The confusion of air battle, there was no escaping the fact that damage as possible on that sector of the enemy’s air power
60 61 62 63 long-range Mustang was able to escort the bombers all the way to the Luftwaffe lost an average of 50 fighter pilots every time which could be brought to bear on the Italian war zone.
their targets and back, engaging the German fighters. the Americans mounted a major raid. The Allied fighter Another aim was to delay the arrival of troop reinforcements
59 66 67

DECEMBER 2018 Publication

Great World War II Weapons: The MP40 Great World War II Weapons: The Bismarck
‘Schmeisser’ Robert Jackson
Mike Ingram The Bismarck is an examination of the
Arguably the best submachine gun ship that represented the pinnacle of
in 1939 was Germany’s MP40. The Nazi Germany’s naval war machine.
MP40 ‘Schmeisser’ follows the path Great World War II Weapons: Beginning by tracing the regrowth of Great World War II Weapons:
of the weapon’s development from MP40 ‘Schmeisser’ the German navy after World War I The Bismarck
285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”) and Hitler’s plans for rearmament, the 285 x 213mm (11¼ x 8½”)
the first submachine gun designs
96pp book examines the Bismarck’s design, Extent: 96 pages
of World War I, through interwar Word count: 35,000 words
Illustrations: 10 colour artworks, 70 development and construction. A
models, culminating in the MP40 colour & b/w photos Illustrations: 70 colour and black-
itself. Artworks and technical data for chapter is devoted to the ship in action,
Word count: 35,000 and-white photographs, 10 colour
the gun, along with its predecessors including an account of her sinking of artworks
ISBN: 978-1-78274-683-6
and rivals, are included. £14.99 Paperback
HMS Hood, followed by Bismarck’s ISBN: 978-1-78274-685-0
own final showdown when she was £14.99 Paperback
torpedoed and sunk by the Royal Navy.


Erma MP38
brace in place of the traditional wooden buttstock. This
THE MP36 was now made primarily from metal tubing and plastic that,
Although little is known of its history, by 1936 ERMA had when folded, reduced the overall length of the MP38 to
developed the prototype of a completely new machine just 60cm (23.6in). To fold it, pressure was applied to the Stra
pistol that was a direct forerunner of the MP38, which large knurled button above and behind the pistol grip. This Denm 4 Bisma
it closely resembles. The key differences was that the allowed the frame to swing down and forwards. The frame 5 and
MP36 had wooden furniture, including the pistol grip, a pivoted at its centre to lie horizontally below the gun. To
spring-loaded firing pin, and a two-part bolt joined by a save weight, the solid pistol grip behind the trigger was
locking screw. Unlike its successors, it was select-fire, the replaced with one made from phenolic resin (a crude early
8 Prince of Wales/Hood 3
selector being located just above the trigger . It had the plastic) with paper-fibre filling instead of the traditional 4
characteristic folding stock of the MP38 and 40 that were wood. A further weight-reducing measure was a circular 5
6 33
34 52
50 Faroe Islands
to follow, though it was not lockable, and the butt plate hole cut into both sides of the magazine housing. 53
had grooves machined into it. Unlike all previous designs, Another new innovation was the bar, with its hooklike 10 54

35 6 •

36 38
the cocking handle is located on the left-hand side. This projection at the front end of the barrel, which on early 32 Orkney Islands
2 Bergen

55 56 58
allowed the firer to keep his hand on the pistol grip at all models was made from cast aluminium or sheet steel. It 37 48 ge V
12 ulse/King Geor
times. The magazine housing was also unique in that it has been described as both a cooling aid or a barrel rest to 51 57
Victo rious/Rep
was canted 30 degrees to the left. prevent the weapon being pulled, still firing, back into a Home
49 Rodney
moving vehicle while traversing rough terrain. Unlike the
40 41 42 1
Below: German reconnaissance unit in Russia in 1941 wearing Right: A German squad taking a rest outside Rostov. They are 14 16 7
camouflage made from bed linen. In the Russian winter, temperatures equipped with the standard infantry weapons: visible from left to 39
were so low that metal became brittle and lubrication oil froze solid. right are two MP38s, an MG34 and several KAR 98K rifles. 19 20
17 18 31 Above: The British King George V class battleship Prince of Wales at water, passing through several bulkheads and coming to rest Above: The battleship Bismarck firing a salvo from her main
43 At 0630 hours on Wednesday 21 May, the B-Dienst (wireless anchor. Launched in May 1939, she was not yet fully completed when 11 BRITISH ISLES without exploding near the diesel dynamo room. It was only armament. The photo was taken in daylight; the dark effect is caused
21 22
intelligence service) office on the Prinz Eugen decoded the Bismarck and Prinz Eugen made their breakout into the Atlantic. 9 Bismarck
10 discovered after the battleship returned to harbour. Two of by the vivid flash of the warship’s guns.
60 62 63 64 some British signals traffic indicating that reconnaissance destroyer flotilla the 20.3cm (8in) shells had pierced the ship’s side aft, on the
aircraft had been despatched to hunt for the German naval SLIPPED AWAY waterline, allowing 500 tons of water to pour in. The third and Ramillies and the cruiser Edinburgh were also released
force.Throughout the night of 20–21 May, the force steamed Less than two hours after Suckling had walked into Bowhill’s
Brest • OCCUPIED FRANCE entered one of the 13.3cm (5.25in) shell handling rooms, from escort duties to take part in the chase. The main concern


(Force H) Ark Royal

northwards up the Norwegian coast, following a zigzag office, aircraft of Coastal Command were on their way to bounced round the confined space like a streak of lightning, now was to reduce the Bismarck’s speed, giving the hunters
24 St Nazaire •
pattern to avoid British submarines. At 0900 hours on 21 attack the German warships, but their operations were Prinz Eugen then expended its energy and fell to the floor, also without a chance to close in for the kill, and at 1440 hours on 24 May,
44 65 May, Lütjens ordered the task force to enter the Norwegian frustrated by bad weather. Shortly before nightfall on the exploding. By some miracle, no one was hurt. Admiral Tovey ordered the carrier Victorious to race ahead to
fjords instead of making for the Atlantic with all speed. The 22nd, a Martin Maryland reconnaissance aircraft of No. 771 The Prince of Wales was so newly completed that she a flying-off point 185km (100nm) from the enemy ships and
25 27 Bismarck entered Korsfjord and then Grimstad fjord, just Naval Air Squadron from Hatston in the Orkneys penetrated had not yet finished working-up; the contractors were still launch a Swordfish strike against them.
south of Bergen, while the Prinz Eugen went into Kalvanes Korsfjord, but its crew, Lt N.E. Goddard RNVR (pilot) and working on her 35.5cm (14in) turrets when she sailed, and At 2210 hours, Victorious flew off nine Swordfish of No.
46 67
Bay, to the north-west; the destroyer escorts went to Bergen. Commander G.A. Rotherham (observer) returned with the she was therefore not fully battleworthy, a fact of which 825 Squadron, led by Lt Cdr Eugene Esmonde. Flying through
28 30
Lütjens signalled the cruiser to take on oil from the tanker news that the Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen were gone. Captain Leach was obviously conscious. The additional rain and sleet, they obtained radar contact with the enemy at
Wollin and to be ready to sail in the evening. Meanwhile, In fact, they had already slipped away at 2200 hours the THE HUNT FOR THE BISMARCK damage had made her even more vulnerable, and Leach’s 2337 hours and briefly sighted the Bismarck, only to lose her
four merchant ships were ordered alongside each of the big previous evening, continuing on a northerly heading in the intention now was to use his damaged ship to assist Wake- again. Twenty minutes later, the shadowing British cruisers
warships, one on each beam and quarter, as anti-torpedo company of their three destroyer escorts. Walker’s cuisers in maintaining contact with the enemy until redirected the Swordfish on to their target and they made
68 69 70 71
protection for the engine rooms, propellers and rudders. At 2245 hours, Admiral Tovey left Scapa Flow with the 1. The Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen break out into the 6. British cruisers continue to shadow enemy warships Admiral Tovey’s main force could reach the scene. their attack through heavy defensive fire. One torpedo hit
That same afternoon, the Bismarck and her consort main body of the Home Fleet, heading for Icelandic waters North Sea, 20 May 1941; Norwegian agents report until contact lost the Bismarck amidships without causing significant damage;
were photographed by a Photographic Reconnaissance to reinforce the heavy cruisers HMS Norfolk and Suffolk, their movement to the British Admiralty 7. Warships of the Home Fleet, including aircraft carrier THREE HITS the other eight missed. All the attacking Swordfish recovered
Unit Spitfire, one of two sent out to look for the ships. The which were patrolling the Denmark Strait. Three more 2. The Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen detected at Bergen Victorious, sail to intercept enemy warships What Leach had no means of knowing was that his gunners safely to the carrier, although two reconnaissance Fulmars
1 barrel 10 collar 19 sear 28 dismounting screw 37 rear sight leaf spring 46 attachment 55 bolt handle pin 64 recoil spring Spitfire pilot, Fg Off Michael Suckling, landed at Wick in cruisers were guarding Lütjens’ alternative breakout route, by air reconnaissance, but succeed in escaping, 8. The Prince Eugen detached on lone raiding sortie; had obtained three hits on the Bismarck, causing two of her out of six despatched failed to return. The returning crews
2 barrel cap 11 barrel nut 20 trigger axis screw 29 receiver lock screw retainer 38 chamber cover 47 buffer spring tube 56 bolt handle pin 65 buffer housing north-east Scotland, where his film was developed; he then between Iceland and the Faeroes. First to arrive were the 22 May 1941 German Fleet Commander decides to make for Brest fuel tanks to leak oil and contaminating others. As a result, reported no sign of the Prinz Eugen, which had in fact been
made a high-speed dash south with the precious prints, but Home Fleet’s two fastest ships, HMS Prince of Wales and the 3. British cruisers Arethusa, Birmingham and with the Bismarck, 24 May 1941 Lütjens had decided to abandon the sortie and steer south- detached by Admiral Lütjens to continue on her way alone.
3 front sight cover 12 barrel nut washer 21 sear lever 30 shoulder piece pivot 39 magazine 48 recoil spring second tube 57 firing pin 66 fore-end was forced to make an emergency landing near his home Hood, which had set out in advance of the main force; behind Manchester patrol Iceland–Faroes passage 9. The Bismarck unsuccessfully attacked by Swordfish west for St Nazaire, the only port on the Atlantic coast of
4 front sight retainer 13 stock pivot 22 trigger spring 31 main spring 40 magazine release cap 49 recoil spring tube large 58 recoil spring tube end 67 trigger guard town of Nottingham because of dense cloud. Rousing a them came Tovey’s Fleet Flagship, the new battleship King 4. The Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen detected and torpedo-bombers from HMS Victorious, 25 May 1941 France with a dry dock large enough to accommodate his THE FAIREY SWORDFISH
friend who was a garage proprietor, Suckling continued George V, the aircraft carrier Victorious, four cruisers and shadowed by cruisers Suffolk and Norfolk in Denmark 10. The Bismarck sighted by Catalina flying boat of No. flagship while repairs were carried out. The Fairey Swordfish, known universally as the ‘Stringbag’,
5 cover retainer 14 stock release 23 receiver lock 32 magazine guide 41 magazine release spring 50 extractor 59 chamber cover 68 lock frame screw his journey in the latter’s car, driving through the blackout six destroyers. The carrier was not yet fully worked up, and Strait, 23 May 1941 209 Squadron, RAF Coastal Command, 26 May 1941 Tovey’s ships were still 612km (330nm) to the south- appeared to be an anachronism from the moment of its
6 front sight 15 spring 24 bar 33 magazine release screw 42 magazine release catch 51 bolt 60 pistol grip 69 grip screw at dangerous speeds. Eventually, at 0100 hours on 22 May, her air group comprised only nine Fairey Swordfish torpedo/ 5. The Bismarck and the Prinz Eugen engaged by 11. Ark Royal launches a successful torpedo attack on the east and could not expect to make contact until 0700 hours conception; a slow, lumbering biplane that seemed to have
7 resting bar pin 16 pin 25 receiver lock spring 34 washer 43 sling 52 bolt handle 61 buffer spring 70 frame screw unshaven and still wearing his flying kit, he arrived at the battlecruiser Hood and battleship Prince of Wales Bismarck. One torpedo hit jams the battleship’s rudders on 25 May at the earliest. However, other ships were also no place in the increasingly streamlined world of 1930s
Air Ministry in London, where he handed over the package Right: The Prinz Eugen survived the war, seeing service in the Baltic (Battle of the Denmark Strait). Hood sunk, Prince of 12. The Bismarck attacked by destroyers during the heading for the scene. Admiral Somerville’s Force H had been aviation. Yet the design of the Swordfish was exactly right
8 resting bar 17 stock arm 26 shoulder piece 35 rear sight leaf 44 attachment 53 bolt handle pin 62 recoil guide 71 frame screw of photographs to Air Chief Marshal Sir Frederick Bowhill, during the final months. Handed over to the Americans, she also survived Wales and Bismarck damaged, 24 May 1941 night, 27 May 1941 ordered north from Gibraltar by the Admiralty to intercept for the principal tasks it had to perform, and its rugged
9 barrel threads 18 stock arm 27 retainer 36 rear sight leaf 45 muzzle cap 54 firing pin retaining pin 63 recoil guide 72 grip screw AOC-in-C Coastal Command. the atomic bomb tests at Bikini Atoll in 1946, but was sunk in 1947. the German squadron, and the battleships Rodney, Revenge structure made it ideal for aircraft carrier operations. It was
44 45 46 47 38 39 44 45

14 15
january 2019 Publication SAS Undercover Operations
SAS Undercover Operations tells the
SAS: From World War II to the Gulf War story of the SAS from its formation in
peter darman North Africa in World War II through
With the aid of more than 600 to its reformation in the 1950s and SAS Undercover Operations
alphabetically arranged entries,SAS: deployment in Malaya and Oman, 240 x 189mm (9½ x 7½”)
From WWII to the Gulf War 1941– before detailing its role in Northern Extent: 192pp
1992 offers the reader an in-depth SAS: From WWII to the Gulf Ireland. From the Iranian Embassy Word count: 60,000 words
analysis of every aspect of the SAS’s War 1941–1992 Illustrations: 120 colour and b/w
siege to the Falklands, Sierra
history from 1941 up to and including Format: 240 x 189mm (9½ x 7½”) photographs, maps, and artworks
Extent: 192pp
Leone to the Gulf Wars and on to
the First Gulf War. All the Regiment’s ISBN: 978-1-78274-753-6
Word count: 60,000 words Afghanistan, the book shows exactly £19.99 Paperback
battles, campaigns and major figures, why and how the SAS have earned
Illustrations: 155 colour and b/w
together with their economic, political their reputation as one of the world’s
photographs, maps and diagrams
and strategic background, are listed. ISBN: 978-1-78274-751-2 elite combat and counter-terrorist
In addition, the weapons, equipment £19.99 Paperback units.
and techniques used by the Special
Air Service are given in full.

SAS in the Gulf War

SAS Rescue Missions Steve Crawford
Barry Davies The SAS’s role in the First Gulf
The British Special Air Service (SAS) War was much broader than Scud
is well known as a fighting force, but hunting, but for some years the
what is less documented is the role Regiment’s activities during the SAS in the Gulf War
played by SAS soldiers as rescuers, SAS Rescue Missions conflict was shrouded in secrecy 240 x 189mm (9½ x 7½”)
whether of civilians or other military 240 x 189mm (9½ x 7½”)
and misinformation. SAS in the Gulf Extent: 192pp
units. Written by a former SAS man, Extent: 192pp Word count: 60,000 words
War provides the full, dramatic story,
SAS Rescue Missions details all the Illustrations: 120 col and b/w photos Illustrations: 120 colour and b/w
Word count: 60,000 words revealing how Britain’s elite played
occasions when SAS soldiers have an integral part in the eventual Allied
photographs and maps
ISBN: 978-1-78274-752-9 ISBN: 978-1-78274-754-3
saved a friendly power, from Malaya victory. Drawing on accounts from
£19.99 Paperback £19.99 Paperback
in the 1950s to Oman in the 1970s SAS soldiers and once classified
to Gambia in the 1980s, and many information, this is a must for anyone
more. The informative text describes interested in what the SAS really did
how a handful of SAS men achieved during the First Gulf War.
what often seemed impossible.

16 17
SAS & Special Forces Modern Air-Launched Weapons
Mental Toughness Training Martin J. Dougherty
chris mCnab From the unguided Mk 82 bomb
SAS & Special Forces Mental used by US forces to the Russian-
Toughness Training examines what Indian Brahmos supersonic cruise
it takes to be as mentally fit as a SAS & Special Forces Mental missile, Modern Air-Launched Modern Air-Launched
special forces soldier. The book Toughness Training Weapons is a detailed guide to the Weapons
explains why it is equally important 240 x 189mm (9½ x 7½”) complex world of aircraft munitions. 297 x 227mm (11¾ x 9”)
to focus on stress management Extent: 192pp Arranged by type of aircraft, the Extent: 224pp
and mental discipline as it is to Word count: 60,000 words Illustrations: 400 colour artworks, 50
book’s annotations, numbered
Illustrations: 180 b/w photographs colour and black & white photos
concentrate on push-ups. With diagrams, top and side view artworks
and artworks Word count: 42,000 words
chapters on concentration and ISBN: 978-1-78274-423-8 and photographs help to explain the ISBN: 978-1-78274-708-6
endurance, the bok offers helpful £19.99 Paperback terminology and systems employed £19.99 Hardback
steps, whether you are competing in modern warfare, providing an
in sports, running a marathon or just excellent overview of modern
looking to get ahead. offensive and defensive weapons.

handling combat stress handling combat stress

CHAPTER TWO Effects of altitude on marksmanship soldier’s capacity to func-

tion as part of a military
natural sleep rhythms, particularly between
the hours of 0200 and 0600 when sleep is
levels of mortality.World War II continued the
research. Work conducted in North Africa

unit. Furthermore, entire usually at its deepest, significantly affects the threw up a fascinating spectrum of results,
At high altitudes, marksman- two weeks of acclimatisation units can suffer from group soldier’s ability to think and operate. Studies including which weapons men feared the
ship deteriorates by nearly to regain its sea-level stan- symptoms as a whole.These in both the United States and United most and how they adjusted to those
50 per cent and takes up to dards of performance. can include: high rates of Kingdom showed that, if sleeplessness is weapons over a period of time.The weapons
desertion and AWOL (absent maintained for more than 48 hours, then a judged ‘most frightening’ by 97 per cent of
without leave); disintegra- military unit will almost totally cease to 120 psychiatric casualties were those used in
tion of unit cohesion; lack of function and the soldiers will start to display various types of shellfire and bombing.At the

Combat Stress
discipline; defiance of offi- psychological disorders. Even auditory and point of first contact, air attack was the most
cers’ orders; tasks left visual hallucinations occurred. Particularly alarming according to 50 per cent of those
undone or completed slowly; affected were the soldiers’ decision-making involved; artillery fire was nominated by 20
general deterioration in skills and memory, and they became more per cent. Yet, only 11 days into battle, those
appearance; infighting; open susceptible to fear and anxiety (interestingly, priorities had switched entirely as the soldiers
disrespect of unit routines weapons maintenance and map plotting became more familiar with the actual results
and traditions; low morale; were not affected). The problem with sleep of the weapons deployed against them
and complaints. Another deprivation is the disruption of the body’s (artillery was accurate and destructive,where-
common symptom is a high natural rhythms and it is compounded by as dive bombing was noisy, but generally inef-
However hard the training, however tough the mind, degree of sickness reported travel, especially when a soldier crosses time fective). Further studies into the reasons why
– usually minor illnesses zones during transport flights. Sleep-depriva- men feared weapons tended to show that
few soldiers are totally immune to the trauma of such as headaches, stomach tion stress is often exacer-
pains or flu – especially bated by having to operate
combat. During battle, a soldier will experience sights, prior to combat. Indeed, in low-light conditions.
Stress testing
medical officers are trained Working in the dark has the
sounds and smells which are extreme and bewildering, to expect a sudden rush of simple effect of making the
minor ailments to be treated soldier more susceptible to A controversial stress testing soldiers to fill in complicated
and unlike anything encountered in civilian life. To High altitude prior to any action and also his imagination, as fears are device used by US military life-assurance forms while
to expect the highest per- projected into the blackness research groups was to get flying aboard a plane which
function effectively, a soldier must quickly learn to cope centage of CSR patients to rather than being actually they believed was about to
Sea level arrive for treatment during seen and understood. This crash land.
with combat’s mental pressures in the midst of battle. the first few days of combat type of problem is particu-
breaking out. larly acute for special forces
We have already touched soldiers, who undertake
on the overall context of many of their operations
● Trembling – The hands in particular modern warfare in which CSR occurs. Yet during the cover of night.

utilation, the sudden death of friends The shock of seeing death and chaos leaves may shake, but this can extend to whole- there is also a more specific range of rea- Another major factor in
and comrades, the almost animal noises them emotionally crippled. Unable to cope, body trembling. sons for CSR and it is these which form the CSR development is, unsur-
of human beings in agony, the huge gas their condition damages them as individuals ● Withdrawal from reality – focus for the conditioning training of the prisingly, the weapons that
blast of artillery shells, personal injury – the and also detracts from the efficiency and Overwhelmed by the world around him, elite forces. the soldier has arraigned
range of sensations goes beyond almost any- morale of their unit. Detailed studies of 20th- the soldier might suddenly withdraw against him. Investigation
thing encountered in civilian life. century conflicts have shown that units into himself and either succumb to THE LIMITS OF ENDURANCE into the psychological
Such experience takes its toll. Soldiers experiencing sustained combat over several complete inertia or inhabit an imaginary Although many things can trigger combat impact of weaponry was
have likened combat to being in continual days suffer an average psychological casualty or hallucinatory world. stress, there is a certain range of conditions begun in World War I, when
car accidents, or being part of the worst civil rate of one in every four soldiers. This rate which are more responsible for this than whole new categories of
disaster imaginable, but actually participating climbs with every extra day of combat. A glance at all these symptoms makes it others. A central pillar of combat stress is weaponry entered the fray,
in making it worse. For some, it is too much. Facing such a significant problem, military obvious that combat stress can destroy the sleep deprivation. Disruption of the body’s with a deplorable increase in

22 23 28 29

FEBRUARY 2019 Publication

Ancient Peoples In Their Own Words
World War II Illustrated Atlas MICHAEL KERRIGAN
david jordan and andy Ranging from the Egyptians to the
wiest late Roman Empire, Ancient Peoples
With 160 colour maps, World War II In Their Own Words celebrates
Illustrated Atlas plots the conflict’s the excitement and importance of Ancient Peoples in their own
course of the land, sea and air World War II Illustrated Atlas historical primary sources in a way Words
campaigns in fine detail, enabling the 264x 202mm (10½ x 8”) that will appeal to general readers. 297 x 227mm (11¾ x 9”)
reader to trace the ebb and flow of Extent: 256pp Presenting numerous ancient Extent: 224pp
the fortunes of both sides. Contents Word count: 80,000 words Word count: 60,000 words
inscriptions from tombs, ceramics
include the land campaigns in North- Illustrations: 187 col maps, 52 Illustrations: over 200 colour
and buildings, accompanied by
West Europe, Italy, North Africa, photographs
ISBN: 978-1-78274-736-9 translations and text putting the work ISBN: 978-1-78274-707-9
Russia, South-East Asia and the £19.99 Hardback into context, this book explains the £19.99 Hardback
Pacific; the naval war in the Atlantic significance of these works both in
and Mediterranean; the carrier battles the ancient world and for today.
of the Pacific; and the bombing
campaigns of Europe and the Pacific.
The Ancients In Their Own Words A Calendar in Stone The Ancients In Their Own Words Lost and Found: The ‘Moabite Stone’

A Calendar in Stone ON PUBLIC DISPLAY Lost and Found: ON PUBLIC DISPLAY

The ‘Moabite Stone’

The Gezer Calendar Stone is in the
collection of the Museum of the The ‘Moabite Stone’ – successfully pieced
‘To everything there is a season,’ says the Book of Ecclesiastes. A 3000-year-old Hebrew Ancient Orient in Istanbul. together – is now to be seen among the
inscription concurs. For a text of this antiquity, the Gezer Calendar Stone is strikingly exhibits in the Louvre.

clear – but what does it really mean? The vaunts of Mesha, king of Moab, were recorded on a stela detailing his victories over Israel.

Not only does the text shed intriguing light on biblical events, its Moabite is strikingly similar in
Left: The town of Gezer was given as that Jewish farmers needed an I am Mesha, the son of
appearance to early Hebrew script.
a gift to King Solomon at the end of official aide-memoire for a regime
Kemosh, King of Moab,
the second millennium BC. The followed by their families for

Calendar Stone appears to have been generations. A writing exercise for hen we say that an from Dibon. My father ruled in
fashioned not too long after. schoolboys? A folk song or artefact has been
‘discovered’, we may Moab for thirty years and I
children’s jingle? Perhaps, but then
way it was actually lived at the why have it so solemnly displayed mean that it has been dug out of the succeeded him. I sanctified this
time. Other ancient on public view? The Gezer ground where it has lain, literally
lost, for centuries; sometimes, high to Kemosh, because he
inscriptions may impress in Calendar Stone reminds us that,
their grand sonority or their however clear we may think an though, a monument may have been protected me from all other
epic associations: this one has ancient inscription is, it may well hidden in plain sight. So it was with
the Mesha Stela – a carved slab of kings and brought me victory
an engagingly down-home keep back from us the meanings
quality. It is hard not to be that really matter. basalt similar in size and shape to against all enemies. Omri, King
the headstone from a modern
charmed – though it is always of Israel, oppressed Moab for
western grave but designed to serve
as well not to condescend to
the past, and our reaction Ups and Downs a very different purpose. It was many days, for Kemosh was
fashioned in the middle of the ninth
highlights certain difficulties angry with his people. Then
The archeological evidence century BC on the orders of Mesha,
with an inscription that
presents more challenges than suggests that Gezer’s heyday
king of Moab at that time. Its his son succeeded him and