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A Guide to Electric Vehicles • Page 7

S eptember 6 –S eptember 19, 2018


IN THIS ISSUE: Will Climate Refugees Be Heading to Vermont

Pg. 4 Fighting Climate
Change with the Law
in the Future? by Phil Dodd

f the global climate continues to warm, as many scientists move and buy property in Vermont or who already have a
expect, Vermont will face several challenges of its own second home here,” Shupe said. “I’ve heard anecdotally about
Pg. 10 Living Car-free in during this century, including longer-lasting storms and people buying second homes here with future climate change in
Montpelier consequent flooding. But some parts of the country, and many mind,” he said. “It makes sense.”
places on the globe, may become uninhabitable due to hotter Shupe thinks that any new wave of property buyers could create
temperatures, higher sea levels, and desertification. People will tension around land management issues, which are important to
Pg. 15 Michael Arnowitt at need to move. the VNRC. “Historically, when we have had an influx of new
the Barre Opera House Because Vermont is not on the ocean and should remain cooler residents and development pressure, Vermont has responded
than locations to our south, and because we have farmland for with things like Act 250 in the 1960s, Act 200 and the Housing
growing food plus ample water supplies, some Vermonters who and Conservation Board in the 1980s, and then promotion of
U.S. Postage PAID

Permit NO. 123

have been thinking about the topic say we could see an influx smart growth and downtown development in the late 1990s,”
Montpelier, VT

of environmental migrants heading to Vermont and other far he said.

northern states in the next 10, 25, or 50 years. The possibility of another influx of people is one reason Shupe
“We might be a sweet spot for climate refugees for some kind is glad the state has formed a commission to re-examine Act
of interim period,” said Roger Hill, a local meteorologist. “We 250, the state’s land use law. The commission is holding
could be a lot better off than people near the coasts, who will hearings around the state and is expected to issue a report on
experience rising sea levels, stronger ocean storms, and flooding possible changes to Act 250 by the end of the year. Shupe, who
near rivers. People are going to move uphill.” is on an advisory board for the commission, said he expects the
He noted that climate change is already causing migration VNRC will offer suggested changes to Act 250 related to forest
around the globe. “Micronesians are moving to Hawaii in fragmentation and the expected impacts from climate change,
droves,” to escape rising sea levels, said Hill, and many North among other things.
Africans are on the move as deserts spread there. “The geopolitical Sen. Chris Pearson (P/D, Chittenden) is vice-chair of the Act
ramifications of climate change are in play big-time.” 250 commission. He, too, has been speculating about possible
Brian Shupe, executive director of the Vermont Natural changes to Vermont’s demographics that could result “if other
Resources Council (VNRC), said he and his staff have been populated areas become much less hospitable.” He also thinks
talking internally about the issue “quite a bit.” He used the same that Vermont must be prepared if a natural disaster, such as a
strong hurricane hitting New York City, sends thousands of
Montpelier, VT 05601

term as Hill, saying Vermont could be in a “sweet spot” because

it is not on the coast and has ample groundwater and will have people to Vermont overnight. He said he and other legislators
a longer growing season. pushed the state Department of Public Safety to develop an
P.O. Box 1143

emergency plan for that eventuality, and it is now in place.

The first wave of climate refugees could be “affluent refugees
The Bridge

from the coast or the south,” people who have the means to Continued on Page 13

We’re online! montpelierbridge.com or vtbridge.com

PAG E 2 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Nature Watch by Nona Estrin

Birds on the Move

Quietly, without much
notice, a great tide of birds
has started moving south.
As early as the heat and
drought at the end of July,
thrushes started to move,
a couple of weeks early,
eating alternate-leaved
dogwood berries as they
went. Young warblers now
are showing up at our bird-
bath, and we watched seven
migrating nighthawks over
Wrightsville Beach area
last evening. Something is
up, change is in the air!
But winter is still a world

Watercolor by Nona Estrin

T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 3

Montpelier Restaurants Continue to Disappear
It’s a tough time to be a restaurant in Montpelier, it appears. After just four
months of wowing local palates, Banchan—run by An Na, her mother Jin Suk,
and sister, Jin An—closed its doors in August after Suk decided to retire and
return to California. This comes after the closing of Barre Street’s Beau in June.
In the past few weeks, two more culinary blows have fallen, with the closure of
DeMena’s on Main Street and Asiana House on State. The reasons are still a
mystery but whatever the case, that makes two prime decks open in a city with
very few.

New Rec Center Takes a Step Forward

The Barre Street Rec Center has been a source of concern for years, as the
facility ages less than gracefully, bringing into question its structural integrity
and capacity to serve the community’s needs. Finally, there is some movement,
as the city council has approved a contract with Colorado-based Ballard*King &
Associates to determine the feasibility of constructing a new center. According to
Assistant City Manager Sue Allen, this study will look “at what residents want
for recreation services, how much that might cost, likely enrollment and usage,
willingness to bond, revenue sources, potential sites, regional interest, and more.”
The study will cost $47,500. Significant public input will be solicited through
surveys, meetings, and focus groups.

Down Home Kitchen Celebrates Third Birthday with the ACLU

Three years in, Down Home Kitchen remains one of Montpelier’s top dining
spots, and it plans to celebrate its birthday on September 15, 4‒9 pm, with a
retro-themed party that also raises funds and awareness for the important work
of the Vermont ACLU. The free event is open to the public and will include live
music from swing band Lewis Franco and the Missing Cats, vintage birthday cake
recipes from Down Home’s bakery, games, swag, and plenty of culinary treats.
Dogs are welcome.

Schoolboard Seeks New Member

Owing to work and family commitments, school board member Peter Sterling
announced his resignation in late August. School Board Chairman Jim Murphy
hopes to welcome a replacement in time for budget season. The board put out a
call on September 5 for applications to the position and hopes to make a choice
on the 19th, with the city council confirmation on the 26th. Interested candidates
should contact Jim Murphy at jimmurphy@mpsvt.org.

Bridge Community Media, Inc.

P.O. Box 1143, Montpelier, VT 05601
Ph: 802-223-5112

Editor in Chief: Mike Dunphy

Managing Editor: Tom Brown
Copy Editor: Larry Floersch
Proofreader, Calendar Editor: Sarah Davin
Layout: Marichel Vaught
Sales Representatives: Rick McMahan, Dot Helling, Lee Wilschek
Distribution: Sarah Davin, Amy Lester, Daniel Renfro
Board Members: Chairman Donny Osman, Jake Brown, Phil Dodd, Josh Fitzhugh,
Larry Floersch, Greg Gerdel, Irene Racz, Ivan Shadis, Tim Simard,
Ashley Witzenberger
Editorial: 223-5112, ext. 14
Location: The Bridge office is located at the Vermont College of Fine Arts, Stone
Science Hall.
Subscriptions: You can receive The Bridge by mail for $50 a year. Make out your
check to The Bridge, and mail to The Bridge, PO Box 1143, Montpelier VT 05601.
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PAG E 4 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Fighting Climate Change with the Law by Mike Dunphy

his is a fight,” says Vermont general counseling and administrative
Attorney General TJ law. Prior to that the attorneys who did
Donovan, as if on the stump, environmental protection work were part
rather than the well-worn sofa in his of a unit within the public protection
office on the third floor of the Pavilion division.
Building in Montpelier. Another reason attorneys general around
At stake is Vermont’s legacy of placing the country have stepped deeper into the
environmental protection ahead of fight is that they actually have the tools
industrial profit, a value that is under and powers to bring to it.
increasing threat given the current “We have the legal recourse,” Donovan
political atmosphere in Washington. explains. “We can go to court and force
In one corner of the ring is a group of the federal government to implement
attorneys general from primarily “blue and enforce the Clean Power Plan and
states,” such as Donovan; in the other stop them from rolling back emissions
are the forces of corporations, lobbyists, standards and dismantling the EPA.”
and politicians backed by the fossil fuel There will be wins and losses, though,
industry and their ancillaries, which Donovan admits. On the win side,
now includes the executive branch of Washington Superior Court approved
the federal government. Indeed, the past the attorney general’s settlement with
two years have seen significant efforts by significant uptick is perhaps surprising to For Donovan and many of his colleagues, Moretown Landfill in May, resulting
the Trump administration to dismantle, those who traditionally saw that role as a the courts then become the arbiter of in $180,000 in civil penalties and
undercut, and roll back decades of function of the legislature. justice. a $20,000 allocation to fund a
environmental regulations, from easing supplemental environmental project
restrictions on air and water pollution “Why you see the acceleration of “When you talk about it in the frame
actions by attorneys general,” Donovan of justice,” he points out, “people have a to provide residential compost bins,
to allowing more energy drilling and food scrap collection buckets, and
mineral extraction on public lands. explains, “is that it’s in response to what’s fundamental right to clean air and clean
happening [in Washington],” where water.” kitchen countertop compost containers
And that’s just the tip of the melting Congress, the executive branch, and to Vermonters at a discount. A month
iceberg. This concept of justice achieved additional earlier the attorney general announced
environmental agencies have largely been prominance in Vermont in 2007, when
Some efforts are successful, some not, but abdicating responsibility or not enforcing a settlement with County Waste and
environmental protection became a Recycling Service, aka, Ace Carting,
ever more end up in the courts, which their own laws. “The powers and tools stand-alone division in the attorney
have become the front line in the battle have always been here, but you are seeing for violations of Vermont’s waste
general’s office, on equal footing with transportation rules, netting the state
over climate change and environmental them used in an unprecedented way and, the five other divisions: civil, criminal,
policy. That attorneys general are part frankly, in a much more public way.” $49,500 in civil penalties.
public protection, human services, and
of the process is nothing new, but the In the loss column is a ruling in July by
Washington Superior Court Judge Mary
Miles Teachout, who ordered the AG’s
office to pay almost $66,000 in legal
fees in three cases over access to public
records, a ruling Donovan accepts with a
hint of humility and defiance.
“I may have a political and a philosophical
debate with those folks,” Donovan
reflects, “but I will defend their right
to access the legal system and hold us
accountable when we make a mistake.
And we are going to do the same with
Putting aside the legal and moral
question of access to public records, it’s
important to note that the aim of this
litigation was to challenge the attorneys
generals’ own investigations of Exxon
Mobil’s denials of climate change, and
that it was filed on behalf of the Energy
& Environment Legal Institute—a coal-
funded non-profit that claims to be a
“key part of President Trump’s transition
team ensuring sound and reasonable
energy and environment policy-making
returned to Washington after decades of
overzealous regulatory action”—and the
Free Market Environmental Law Clinic,
which “seeks to provide a counter-weight
to the litigious environmental movement
that fosters an economically destructive
regulatory regime in the United States.”
Nationally, Donovan has joined several
attorneys general in multiple lawsuits,
as in 2017, when Vermont, New York,
Maryland, Washington, Massachusetts,

Continued on next page

T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 5

and the District of Columbia challenged the EPA’s overturn of a ban on the pesticide the folks,” Donovan said. “We have a long way to go to finish that job and get clean
chlorpyrifos, despite the EPA’s own studies that show the chemical to have dangerous drinking water to the other half. That’s a big deal and something that I care about.”
effects, particularly on children. This effort was successful, thanks to a ruling on Then, of course, there’s the election in November, when Donovan will be running
August 9 that ordered the EPA to revoke all tolerances and cancel all registrations for against Republican state representative Janssen Willhoit, who was chosen by the party
chlorpyrifos within 60 days. to run for attorney general in the general election after primary winner H. Brooke
August also saw Donovan joining a coalition of 20 attorneys general to challenge the Paige withdrew his candidacy to run for secretary of state.
federal government’s plan to roll back limits on tailpipe emissions from cars and trucks. Should Donovan win re-election, Vermonters can expect the same aggressiveness on
In a press release, the Vermont Attorney General’s office wrote, “This decision upends environmental policy going forward—a trait Donovan intimately links to his Green
decades of cooperative state and federal action to protect our residents. We are prepared Mountains upbringing.
to go to court to put the brakes on this reckless and illegal plan.”
“It’s a value of our state that we protect our landscape. We’re not going to stand by and
Coalitions like this not only give added media coverage and weight to the challenge, let this happen without a fight.”
but also provide a stronger case, Donovan says.
“It has been a force multiplier in terms of legal resources, tools, and, frankly, the
intellectual firepower. We wouldn’t be nearly as successful if we didn’t have the
collaboration and partnerships with other states. It’s not just the number,” he said,
referring to the combined resources several states together can bring to bear.
Next on Donovan’s environmental to-do list is the PFOA pollution case in Bennington.
Perfluorooctanoic acid, used in the production of Teflon and similar materials, was
detected in private drinking water wells in the area around the former Chemfab/
Saint-Gobain facility in North Bennington. The potential effects on human health
are many, including the growth, learning, and behavior of babies and older children,
the lowering of a woman’s chance of becoming pregnant, interference with the body’s
natural hormones, increased cholesterol levels, harmful effects on the immune system,
and increased risk of cancer.
A partial settlement was reached in 2017 that forced Saint-Gobain to fund municipal
water line extensions, costing an estimated $20 million, and required it to conduct an
expedited investigation in the eastern portion of the Bennington site.
“We’ve made some progress and have gotten access to clean drinking water for half VT Attorney General TJ Donovan. Photo by Renee Greenlee

Do What You Do Best.

Bookkeeping · Payroll · Consulting

802.262.6013 evenkeelvt.com
PAG E 6 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

8 Questions about Climate Change for Meteorologist Roger Hill

Compiled by Mike Dunphy and Larry Floersch

ince 2000, meteorologist Roger Hill has been forecasting the weather for the come off the Pacific Ocean. So they’re going to switch back and forth from flood
listeners of Radio Vermont (WDEV, WLVB, WCVT). He also contracts with to drought. We’re going to stay in that sort of wet, occasionally flooding mode, and
Vermont Electric Power Company, the company that provides the backbone for probably our winters are going to change toward being wetter, but on the way there
all Vermont electrical utilities, and freelances for local municipalities, schools, outdoor we’ll probably have some pretty big snow years and in other years not so much, with
event organizers, and maple sugar makers. In the heat of August, The Bridge spoke with a lot of variability.
Hill about climate change issues facing Vermont and its possible futures. In a deeper dive into Vermont, most of our towns, our villages, and our roads are
The Bridge: Are we doomed? And, if so, what does doom look like? along our rivers because of our mill-town history. Those rivers are going to see more
Roger Hill: If we don’t really make hard policy decisions, we are on a trend that could “thousand-year” floods. That means houses that are built in floodplains will be taking
lead to doom. If folks want to live in the places they live now, a hundred years from a lot of infrastructure damage, and at some point there will be a tendency to move away
now that might not be possible. Vermont could be so changed that it could be very from the rivers and streams.
hard to live here. In addition to the intensification of weather already in Vermont, will there be
There are a number of different ways things could go. Probably it will get wetter and some completely new phenomena?
then at some point we’ll get drier. The whole interior of the United States in a century Hill: Yes, and this is something that we haven’t really been delving into. What if
or two centuries probably will be a desert resembling present-day Australia. A lot of we have a drought that goes on for two or more years, and we have massive forest
the areas where we grow the corn and wheat to feed us and to help feed the world will fires like the ones out west? Nobody is considering that. The fact is we’re seeing a lot
probably be in Canada. more variability in our weather. The tendency is a generally wetter scenario, but that
Is Vermont, by its geography, somehow protected from the worst effects of climate doesn’t mean it can’t be interspersed with these super dry periods in which very little
change? precipitation falls, whether it’s rain or snow. Just imagine if we had the kind of fires
that go on out west with birch trees and the kind of fuel that is really very flammable.
Hill: We’re probably sitting in a much better place than people out in California and That could really be a problem.
Arizona and many of the western states, which are undergoing summertime wildfires
followed by drought alternating with atmospheric rivers of incredible moisture that Is this an abnormal year so far is it the usual trend?
Hill: I think this year is kind of verifying what a lot of the climate models were showing
back a couple years ago to be happening roughly about this time. We’re living in a kind
of told-you-so moment when we’re seeing more heat waves and setting new records.
The last time we spoke, during one of those unrelenting deep freezes, you told The
Bridge the polar vortex holding the cold air up at the North Pole had weakened
and the cold air was spilling down.
Hill: Yes that's right. That’s also because of the North Atlantic sea surface temperatures
and the Gulf Stream and thermohaline circulation, where we have a lot of fresh water
being dumped in the North Atlantic Ocean, and it’s messing with the conveyor belts
of the ocean currents. Right now the Gulf Stream is slowing, and that slowing Gulf
Stream is piling up warm water on the eastern seaboard, especially in New England. At
the same time that’s taking place, a lot colder water is coming in off Greenland because
of the melting of the ice. So that’s interfering with a lot of natural processes that have
set up with the conveyor belts.
So what may happen is we may see periods where very cold winter conditions blow in
here. But it’s going to be on a more regional basis rather than on a hemispheric basis.
That regional basis might mean that eastern parts of Canada and parts of the northeast
United States, including Vermont and northern New England, will be seeing really cold
winters from time to time because of the other things that are going on at a regional
scale. All of this is kind of dancing around, if you will, over a long-term warming.
How confident are you in your assessments? Do you think this is probably what
will happen or is there a chance it may not?
Hill: I’m fairly confident that things are going to get more variable. We’re going to have
more extremes. Nothing is calendar-like anymore.
Are we putting too much confidence in solar and wind energy as a solution? Are
there other technologies that you see coming out that could have an even greater
Hill: I can’t speak to all the technologies out there. I can say that we in Vermont have
made a lot of progress already through the power grid, I think, and we’re in a good
trend. You might say increasingly even we as a country are in a good trend. However,
we’re kind of dragging our feet on policies in terms of what the government does. Now
that coal is being pushed again, that might be good for a meter of sea level rise. We have
to stop putting greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, and the trends are that we are
doing so, but we’re pretty late on the train. The train has not quite left the station, but
it’s getting ready to leave, and the conductor’s tooting the horn, and we’ve got to jump
on the train that will allow us to change our ways in terms of adding more greenhouse
gases to the atmosphere.
What could Vermonters do on a personal level that would have some kind of
positive impact on the situation?
Hill: Probably trying to live more sustainably by eating our own agricultural products
rather than constantly shipping in everything. In other words, our land practices, what
food is grown, and how we buy food. Because those places where our food is grown
now could be starting to lose viability at some point.
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 7

Electric Vehicles: An Emerging Marketplace Offers New

Choices for Getting Around by Jake Brown

ou may have noticed a little bump Drive Electric—a Great Source of Info
over the past couple of years in the You will find a wide range of information
number of electric or plug-in electric on driveelectricvt.com, including a buying
cars (EVs) humming around town. Well, guide, benefits for Vermont, locations
you are onto something. of charging stations, dealers, advice on
Across Vermont in the past year there has leasing versus buying, car prices, and more.
been a 50 percent jump in the number of driveelectricvt.com
registered EVs. As of July there were 2,612 Bottom Line
EVs according to Drive Electric Vermont,
a clearinghouse of information on electric You can spend $50,000 or more for a
cars in Vermont. By comparison, just five new EV, but many of the cars, if bought
years ago there were just under 500. new, fall in the $30,000‒$40,000 range
depending on options. A new Toyota Prius
The electric-powered car—today a tiny slice Prime (plug-in electric hybrid) for example,
of overall auto sales across the country—is sells for about $28,000; a new Nissan Leaf
gaining traction in the marketplace because or Ford Focus (both all-electric) would run
of improving technology and is likely to about $30,000.
change the complexion of the automobile
markets significantly in the coming years. Slightly more expensive would be the all-
electric VW eGolf, coming in around
Just over the past several years, EV $33,000. The Chevrolet Volt, a plug-in
technology has changed quickly, from electric hybrid, runs about $35,000; its
the consumer perspective most notably in cousin, the all-electric Chevrolet Bolt,
terms of battery range, with the new Nissan comes in at about $38,000. All of these
Leaf offering a range of 151 miles and the Owner of a Nissan Leaf, Geoff Beyer of East Montpelier prices are before any discounts and tax
Chevrolet Bolt, 238, for example. Today’s credits.
marketplace also offers more options of prices, styles, and designs—both all-electric
and plug-in-hybrids—than ever before. The increased competition is likely to be good There are used cars on the market, too. Because Nissan has produced the Leaf for
for consumers in the coming years. several years, there is a decent market for these all-electric cars. A recent search on
Edmunds.com yielded three used Leafs within 50 miles of Montpelier, ranging in
Why would anyone consider an EV? Lifetime cost may be one factor. The total cost price from $11,245 for a 2015 model, to $9,998 for a 2013 model. There were two used
of ownership of an EV is generally less. Drive Electric Vermont estimates the average Chevrolet Volts (plug-in hybrid) nearby; a 2015 model for $17,000 and a 2017 model
fuel cost, for example, is equivalent to paying $1.50 per gallon. And maintenance costs, for about $35,000.
because there are fewer moving parts in an electric car, tend to be lower as well.
The EV marketplace is new enough that it makes sense to do some research ahead of
Reducing your environmental footprint is another reason to go electric. Because the time, and then contact dealers (or do searches online) to find available cars in the area.
electric grid that powers these cars continues to get cleaner, a car bought today will
become “greener” over time. Improved performance is another reason. The Chevrolet
Bolt can go from 0 to 60 in about 6.3 seconds, rivaling the Tesla Model 3, which takes
5.6 seconds to get to the same speed.
A Battery of Choices
There are three basic designs of electric-powered cars:
Hybrid: The most familiar to Vermonters is the standard gasoline/electric hybrid car
that’s been on the market for over a decade. These cars have batteries that store, and
use, electricity that is generated by the car itself. They do not take electricity from the
electric grid. The main source of fuel is still gasoline, but generally at slower speeds
the car switches to use electricity that’s stored in its battery. The standard Toyota Prius
hybrid is a common example. The range on these cars is roughly what you might get
with any gasoline-powered car.
Plug-In Electric Hybrid: These cars run on electricity until the battery is depleted,
and then run on their backup gasoline engine. The main difference between a plug-in
electric hybrid and a traditional hybrid is that the plug-in car’s battery power comes
from the electric grid. In other words, they are charged, much like a cell phone, by
being plugged into an outlet at your home, workplace, or other charging location. A
Toyota Prius Prime or Chevrolet Volt are good examples.
All Electric: These cars do not have an internal combustion engine, but instead use an
electric motor. It’s fueled solely with electricity from the grid. The Chevrolet Bolt and
Nissan Leaf are examples.
What’s My Incentive?
Vermont utilities offer a range of incentives for purchasing EVs. The electric utility that
serves Montpelier, Green Mountain Power, offers free home charging equipment (and a
related deal of $19.99 per month to charge your car), a $5,000 discount on a new Nissan
Leaf, and GM discount pricing for Chevrolet electric vehicles at Alderman’s Chevrolet
in Rutland. You can learn more about these incentives at greenmountainpower.com/
If you are a customer of another electric utility, be sure to check out their incentives.
There are also significant potential federal tax credits available as well.
PAG E 8 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

How Green Are Our Green Mountains? by Sarah Davin

et us live to protect her Gas Emissions Inventory Update
beauty,” sings our state reported a 10-percent increase
anthem, “These Green of greenhouse gases from 2014
Mountains” by Diane Martin. through 2015. Total emissions
Just like the lyric, Vermonters rose 16 percent since 1990,
love to boast about our natural making it difficult for Vermont to
beauty, and gazing at the forested reach its goal of being 50 percent
mountains, listening to the dense below 1990 levels by 2028.
chatter of wildlife, dipping our Vermont currently has lower per
toes in cool swimming holes, and capita carbon dioxide emissions
taking deep breaths of mountain than the national average, but the
air, there seems to be ample report shows that the difference
evidence of this organic, Eden- has been decreasing.
esque vision. Forests
But is it true? Pride aside, are According to the website
we keeping our oath to protect Vermont Climate Assessment,
Vermont’s water, air, forests, and the average annual temperature
wildlife? in Vermont has increased by 1.3
Water degrees Fahrenheit since 1960
While 72 percent of Vermonters and 45 percent of that increase
are served by community water has happened since the 1990s.
systems, Vermont is unique in Because of the general trend
the fact that 37 percent of those toward warmer weather, some
community systems are “smaller Vermont trees, such as oak,
systems” that serve fewer than 3,300 people, far more than the national total of 9 hickory, and red maple, will benefit while other species, such as spruce and fir, will
percent. However, these systems are harder to maintain because of their complexity, suffer. The rising temperatures will also increase Vermont’s chances for wildfires. As
costs associated with regulations, and need for repairs. According to the Vermont our state witnesses more summer dry spells, the danger grows.
Department of Environmental Conservation’s 2017 Annual Report on Public Water This summer, there has been a lot of focus on the emerald ash borer and its devastating
System Violations, the Drinking Water and Groundwater Protection Division issued a effect of our local ash trees. While it is important to address the threat of the borers, ash
total of 767 violations in Vermont. trees are not the only ones in danger. Last year, according to the May 2018 Forest Tent
And as beautifully as Lake Champlain shimmers at a distance, it would be a bad idea Caterpillar Update, issued by the Department of Forest, Parks, and Recreation, the
to drink the water. The lake is plagued by cyanobacteria, better known as blue-green caterpillars defoliated 60,584 acres, more than twice the previous year’s total. According
algae, which releases toxins into the water. Lake Champlain isn’t the only body of water to data from the 2017 moth traps, we can expect more widespread defoliation this year
to be affected by the toxic algae, which is fed by phosphorus from agricultural runoff as well. Tent caterpillars can affect maple sugar production, increasing the mortality
and other sources. Vermont’s Environmental Health Division also includes Shelburne of maple trees and decreasing the amount of sugar present in the maple sap as trees try
Pond and Lake Carmi in its weekly, online cyanobacteria reports. to heal the damage.
The result of this pollution has seen some beach-going Vermonters turned away from Wildlife
the shore on steamy summer days, as well as the mass deaths of fish and mussels According to the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department's 2015 Vermont Wildlife
in Missisquoi Bay. There’s some good news in the $8.4 million of federal funding Action Plan, overall, the health of Vermont’s wildlife is looking good. Species of
allocated in July 2018 through a bipartisan amendment authored by Rep. Peter Welch animals that were once scarce are now thriving in the state’s forest environment. These
and Rep. Elise Stefanik of New York for the cleanup of Lake Champlain, but it’s a drop reintroduced or recovered animals include wild turkeys, beavers, and fisher cats. The
in the bucket compared with the amount needed, and federally required, to clean up white-tailed deer population appears to have grown by an estimated 10,000 since last
the state’s freshwater gem. year, too.
Air Unfortunately, not all of Vermont’s animals are thriving. In 2015, nine species of
In terms of our air quality, Vermont does have a reason to breathe a sigh of relief. bumble bees were added to the Species of Greatest Conservation Need list, and it
Burlington was named one of the cleanest cities in the country by the American Lung isn’t just the small pollinators that are struggling. Our local moose population has
Association in its “State of the Air 2018” report, with zero days of ozone and particle been suffering from an epidemic of ticks, creating the “ghost moose”—the result of
pollution for three years. This stands in contrast to the rest of the nation, where half of 20,000 to 60,000 winter ticks on its body draining it of blood and health. This year,
Americans live with unhealthy levels of air pollution. the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department only issued 14 moose hunting permits for
the fall season, which is drastically lower than previous years, such as 2015, in which
While our current air quality is something to be happy about, trends in Vermont’s Vermont Business Magazine reported that 225 moose hunting permits were issued for
greenhouse gas emissions are concerning. The June 2018 Vermont Greenhouse the regular season.
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 9

To Save our Ash Trees, Cut or Treat?

by Dot Helling

hortly after I wrote a piece this spring warning about the threat of the emerald want to treat their personal trees and under no circumstances use any neonicotinoids
ash borer, borers were found in Montpelier near National Life. Since then our (“neonics”) such as imidacloprid or dinotefuran, which will kill pollinators and pose
tree board and tree warden have been tirelessly working on an emerald ash borer carcinogenic dangers to humans and wildlife.
management plan. With the help of many volunteers, their recent survey identified Although treatments in Canada and other parts of America have failed to save the ash
450-plus ash trees along streets in our beautiful city of trees, in addition to 200-plus trees, treating with TREE-äge can extend the lifetime of the trees without posing a
along park pathways, plus a previously estimated 2,700 on private property. What are threat to the public. It is injected into the tree under controlled conditions to ensure
the steps being taken to address this crisis? Why act and not just let nature take its no direct exposure to humans or wildlife.
Ash trees are protected from the borers only as long as they are treated. Montpelier’s
According to John Snell, tree board chair and ash borer first detector, if nothing is plan is to treat in order for downtown ash to survive as long as it takes for replacement
done to combat the ash borer, all of our ash trees will die in the next ten years. There trees to sufficiently establish themselves and hopefully avoid what tree board members
are a number of ways to address the future of an ash tree, depending on whether or visualize as a “moonscape” or “wasteland” in the downtown if all the big green ash trees
not it is infested and to what extent. Early discovery of borers is critical to extending were to go at once. There is also a possibility that unknown advances in treatment may
the life of these trees that provide our downtown with shade, stormwater control, and become known within the near future.
canopied beauty.
The treatment plan proposed for Montpelier’s 15 trees would cost an estimated $1,000
But, once discovered, what’s the best method of treating? per year for TREE-äge, which would be re-injected every two years beginning in the
Vermont municipalities are taking different tacks. Rutland is taking a proactive spring 2019. Fifteen trees total a cost of about $15,000 over the course of 10 years for
approach and removing all of its ash trees citywide before detecting the presence the chemical. In addition to treatment and application costs, there is the eventual cost
of borers at an estimated cost of $90,000. This decision is a financial one, having of removal when the trees die. There is discussion about using “trap trees,” which might
determined that the removal of live ash trees before any infestation is more economical draw the emerald ash borers to trees that are treated in order to destroy them.
than waiting, treating, and removing dying ash. Williston plans to remove 42 There are no easy answers. Either way is a trade-off. Choose not to treat, and we lose
percent of its ash trees and replace them with maples, elms, and other diverse species. our grand ash trees sooner. The bottom line is all about the money. Do we spend what
Burlington estimates it has 1,275 ash trees within the city. City officials anticipate a some perceive as unrecoverable dollars on forestalling the inevitable, or do we grab at
long-term cost of $400,000 to $720,000, with plans to treat 50 to 75 percent of their the “hope” of extending the life of our trees and holding onto some of our precious
ash trees and remove the rest. treed canopy up to a decade longer, perhaps even saving an ash tree or two?
Whatever approach a municipality takes, timing is critical. Infested trees should not Some see this as a debate between treehugger and taxpayer, in a city where high taxes
be moved during flight season—May through November—and must be treated in the are making life unaffordable. Add your voice and come to a city council meeting that
spring prior to the adult borers laying eggs on the trees. has the emerald ash borer as an agenda item, talk to the tree board and warden, and
The Montpelier Tree Board proposes to slow down the infestation by treating 15 certainly take a proactive role in identifying the presence of borers and managing
downtown ash trees and others in Hubbard Park with a chemical called emamectin infested trees on your properties.
benzoate, aka TREE-äge. The tree board advises residents to use professionals if they

TIF District Approved for Montpelier

ity and State officials celebrated a decision by the districts already.”
Vermont Economic Progress Council (VEPC) “The VEPC Board was impressed with the thorough As calculated under the TIF program, the bond would
board to approve Montpelier’s application for a application that the City of Montpelier presented and was be repaid by the increased property value from the new
Tax Increment Financing (TIF) district that includes the pleased to approve their District Plan,” said VEPC Board hotel, as well as fees generated by the public garage–
Capital City’s core downtown and Barre Street corridor. Chair Stephan Morse. “The plan focuses on important not by Montpelier property taxpayers. In addition, it
The VEPC board voted unanimously on Thursday, August economic opportunities in the city’s designated growth area is expected that other projects, including affordable
30 to approve Montpelier’s application, opening the door that would not move forward without the use of the TIF housing being considered at Christ Church on Main
for the city to focus on improving infrastructure to support program.” Street, would benefit from the garage.
and encourage private development, including affordable
and market-priced housing, business development and The first project proposed under the TIF program is a “Montpelier’s TIF district will strengthen the vitality of
expansion, and more. 348-space city-owned public parking garage to be located our city,” said Montpelier City Manager William Fraser.
adjacent to the Capitol Plaza Hotel and Conference Center “We have needed projects that have been talked about
“This TIF will catalyze projects in Montpelier's downtown on Main Street. If a TIF bond is approved by the city for decades that can’t go forward without significant
and beyond,” said Mayor Anne Watson. “This will be a council on October 3 and Montpelier voters on November infrastructure work. Now we can move forward with
helpful tool for bringing new businesses into town and 6, that garage would enable the Capitol Plaza owners to some of that work and enable economic development,
stimulating development, both of which are needed to build and own a Hilton-family Hampton Inn and Suites affordable housing and other important projects to
maintain a healthy local economy. This puts us on a at that site. proceed.”
level playing field with other communities that have TIF
PAG E 10 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Living a Car-free Life in Montpelier

by Elizabeth Parker

any Montpelier residents are choosing to During the day, our city’s population soars with
become “car-liberated.” professional commuters, many of whom take a break
According to the 2016 American at lunch to walk the bike path or saunter through
Community Survey, 530 households, or about 15 historic downtown up to the roundabout.
percent of Montpelier, are car free. They live side by What are the disadvantages of not having a car?
side with those who rely on one, if not two, single- Getting to a doctor and walking in winter are common
occupancy vehicles. As many seek to become more themes.
green and more carbon-neutral, we are learning that Glennie has a specialist in Williston. If he relied on
sustainable cities are walkable cities. public transportation, it would take him all day to
How walkable is Montpelier? What is it like to be get to his specialist. Melissa has a doctor who moved
car-liberated? Since walking is the primary mode of to Waterbury. The Green Mountain Transit bus only
transportation, I turned to the app Walk Score to goes into Waterbury in the morning and evening.
determine the ease and convenience of walking from So each must find a friend who can drive them
home, with a score of a 100 indicating the easiest and to appointments. For Maxine, Harris, and Glennie,
most optimal walk. Each person interviewed has a advanced planning is key and getting to appointments
car-liberated (CL) and a Walk Score (WS) number takes approximately an hour or more extra time. Also,
after their name. Harris is grateful for the offer of a ride home from a
Interestingly, the two retired elders interviewed had the lowest Walk Scores. Maxine (CL nighttime event on a snowy night.
6 years/WS 40) and Harris (CL 3 years/WS 1) live at opposite ends of town. Maxine, at For everyone interviewed the advantages of being car-liberated outweigh the disadvantages.
89 years old, lives on Terrace Street and walks to town on average two times a week and Central Vermont AAA estimates that the average cost of operating a car is $8,469 a year.
takes the bus a few times more. She enjoys that she has quality conversations with more So there is a significant economic advantage to not having a car. However, for everyone
people as a walker. Harris walks into town most days and sometimes twice a day, making interviewed, their quality of life as walkers is the greatest advantage. The act of walking,
the athletic climb to the top of Main Street. He always walked a lot before he became viewing the city, and interacting with people in our community enriches their lives.
car-liberated. Now he appreciates the exercise as a benefit of his choice to walk. Montpelier celebrates We Walk Week in October with river and historic walks. During
Most of the people interviewed are working professionals. The census reports that 16 the year, Harris hosts weekly “Walks with Harris” through the senior center. He has
percent of Montpelier residents walk to work. also organized two pedestrian “scrambles,” where family teams are given clues and then
Glen (CL always/WS 74) is rather unique in that he has never owned a car. A former navigate their way through neighborhoods earning points, having fun, and seeing more
New York City resident, Glen says his quality of life has improved since he moved to of Montpelier.
Montpelier. He has learned, like so many other walkers, to allow extra time, because “you The school year has started, which means elementary-aged children with their parents,
just don’t know who you will talk to on your walk into work.” and gaggles of middle and high schoolers are making the trek to class, bringing additional
Melissa (CL 13 years/WS 74) contributed the phrase “car-liberated.” She works, works out, vitality to the sidewalks.
shops, and plays in Montpelier. Melissa is interested in keeping her carbon footprint at a Will these be Montpelier’s “car-liberated” residents of the future? What can the city do to
minimum. Her favorite line is, “It is easier to get to Toronto than it is to get to Plainfield.” ensure that they have the opportunity to walk in a sustainable city when they come of age?
She believes that our local public transportation infrastructure has deteriorated since the
Glennie (CL 18 years/WS 90) teaches at Norwich University and travels to Europe often,
all of which he manages without a car. Glennie refers to himself as a visual person and
finds his walks around Montpelier visually interesting. He believes that he has recovered
from two illnesses quicker because he relies on walking to shop and get to work. He has
to keep moving.
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 11

OP-ED Housing is a Transportation Issue by Anne Watson

hen talking to people about energy issues, most of the conversations revolve community centers. Beyond providing alternative transportation, reducing the need for
around electricity or heating. Transportation, which represents more than regular long commutes is key for reducing our collective carbon footprint.
one third of Vermont’s energy consumption, often gets left out of the During my campaign for mayor I talked a lot about how 30 percent of Montpelier
conversation. It’s not usually considered the low-hanging fruit, ripe for change in our residents are paying more than 30 percent of their incomes toward their housing. If you
society. Our transportation systems are limited by the models put out by a handful of include transportation in that calculation, it becomes even more shocking.
manufacturers and the choices we have for public transit in Vermont. I’d like to make
the case, though, that there is one other factor that’s important in the transportation According to the H+T Affordability Index (htaindex.cnt.org/map), the “typical”
conversation: housing. Montpelier household spends between 41 and 53 percent of their income on the
combination of housing and transportation. To put that in perspective, though,
On a personal note, I grew up in Essex, and after I got my master’s degree, lived according to the same site, Montpelier fares much better than more remote parts of
with my parents while paying off student loan debt. Even after I got a job teaching Vermont. In some locations the “typical” household spends 70 percent of their income
in Montpelier, I commuted from Essex for years. One day, while driving to work in on the combination of housing and transportation. One way to think of this is that
February, I watched a car go off the road right in front of me. I was fine, although a transportation is a hidden cost built into housing costs. It also works the other way
little shook up, but I decided then that I could no longer take my life in my hands just around. The proximity of housing to community centers is a critical element of any
to get to work. I started taking the bus from the Richmond Park & Ride to Montpelier transportation system. Public transportation systems are trickier to set up and less cost
High School. Eventually even that became too much, and I ended up buying a condo effective when the distribution of houses is more spread out.
here in Montpelier.
Consider that our zoning choices (density, height limitations, etc.) all have transportation
I grew up with the thirty-minutes-from-everywhere mentality, so common to Vermont and therefore climate impacts. This is one of the reasons I’m excited about the recent
living. I did not want that for my adult life. A walkable, bikeable, very short commute approval of the tax increment financing (TIF) district. It will open up possibilities for
is one of the reasons I moved to Montpelier. more housing and development in our community where the possibility didn’t exist
Montpelier has over 20,000 jobs and less than 8,000 residents. Many more people before. More people will be able to live in Montpelier, closer to work, reducing the
commute in than out. It’s no wonder that Montpelier has a seller’s market. If we want impact of Vermonters’ transportation on the climate.
to reduce the carbon footprint of Vermonters, we need make more housing available in Anne Watson is the mayor of Montpelier

OP-ED Montpelier’s Transportation Future by Dan Jones

hat is the best use of our downtown? to business entrepreneurs. However, our
Is it found in that reality you can non-governmental entity, the SMC, intends
see in the red map showing the to be the social entrepreneur and help
current commitment of our open space to catalyze new services and developments. The
warehousing commuter cars all day and then SMC understands the need for new forms
lying empty at night? Or could it be in the of finance, sustainability, and security that
image of the winning entry to the recent need to be embedded in any effort that is
Sustainable Montpelier Design Competition, going to weather the coming climate and
where we see dense downtown housing along economic storms.
with riverfront parks and new commercial We envision at least two kinds of
spaces? transportation options that could provide
For most people this second vision is certainly the conveniences we hope for at a price that
desirable, but also abstract. Of course it is substantially lower than the $9,000 per
would be nice to have a more lively, dense, year the American Automobile Association
and sustainable downtown, but, right now, says that it takes to keep a car on the road
that vision simply isn’t possible. Our whole in Vermont, One concept is called “micro-
transportation system is built around the transit,” and it operates on an Uber-type
personal car, and there are few, if any, realistic system that provides shared local rides to
alternatives. So, even if we might want people work and all the stuff you do in town
downtown to live, work, and shop, right now every day. This service would eventually be
there simply needs to be all those parking lots. End of story. provided with electric microbuses. Such services already exists in other place, so should
Maybe, instead, we need to start rewriting that story’s ending. We know global we want to see it developed here, we will only have to figure out how to finance and
warming is happening faster as the carbon cost of our transportation system grows. operate it locally.
We need to address the cost of the car on all our lives sooner than later. And we can Another obvious choice is the train. We all know there is a train track through the
do it, if we get together and start creating the transportation options needed for a more middle of town, and occasionally we are stalled in front of Shaw’s supermarket waiting
secure and sustainable future. for the passage of a granite train. On that track, however, we could imagine a well-
Right now, we basically have one transportation option: the personal car, and maybe run commuter train between Barre, Berlin, and Montpelier. The city is hoping for a
the local bus service provided by Green Mountain Transit. There are a couple of planning grant for such a service but in a 10-year time horizon. We should be looking
cabs and rumors of an Uber driver, but he gets up late. Other than the very popular at a much faster commitment.
LINK Express to Burlington, most of the other options are not considered desirable or An interim development that can help move the transition along is the creation of
affordable. The current choices are also revenue sinks, that is, all cost while providing satellite parking lots on the periphery of the city served by a GMT shuttle. There are
no tax benefit to the city. Since that is the picture in people’s minds about alternative a lot of built-in problems with the amount of time people will wait for a shuttle, but
transport, the prevailing belief is that there will be no demand for any kind of new at least something is starting.
services. Next month we will be convening our next transportation round table to help get
Let’s change the conversation. What if we could agree to work together to make new things moving on the real alternatives in a time frame that can make a difference to
parts of the local system that would be more convenient and desirable? our near-term sustainability. If we can make this work, we can start building a much
Right now the Sustainable Montpelier Coalition (SMC) is organizing an effort to closer future where those downtown parking craters are no longer needed because our
explore attractive alternatives that could be developed more rapidly than the plodding smart citizens are discovering more efficient and cheaper ways of getting around.
pace offered by government services. Government can adequately maintain the Dan Jones is executive director of the Sustainable Montpelier Coalition.
commons but is stretched to innovate or develop. That is the role was once delegated
PAG E 12 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

New Exhibition at the Highland Center for the Arts Goes

“In Search of Old-Time Vermonters”
n partnership with the Vermont Folklife Center, Highland Center for the Arts family, community, and tradition. The light in the mountains cannot be extinguished.
presents Driving the Back Roads: In Search of Old-Time Vermonters in The Gallery, It’s been lit too long.”
beginning September 21. Driving the Back Roads: In Search of Old-Time Vermonters runs from September 21
This retrospective of photographer Ethan Hubbard’s time in north central Vermont through December 2. For more information, visit highlandartsvt.org
showcases more than 40 of Hubbard’s large-format black and white photographic
portraits—pulled from some 600 rolls of film that he shot across five decades. Audio
excerpts from 125 of Hubbard’s tape recordings and interviews are available as well—
in some instances paired with a portrait of the speaker, while others play as ambient
sounds filling gallery spaces with thick accents, laughter, and at times, gentle, intimate
In barns and fields, from forest walks to kitchen tables, Hubbard’s photographic
portraits and audio recordings transport the viewer to rural Vermont and to the
moments he shared with the people he met there.
Hubbard as documentarian is not an objective observer. His colorful storytelling gives
us personality and relationship in place of objectivity. As a result, Hubbard gives us
perhaps a more honest picture of these people through the unapologetic vantage of his
direct experiences among them.
“I love Vermont’s past, I love Vermont at the present, and I look forward to what
the future brings to us here in these Green Mountains,” writes Hubbard. “There are
generations of Vermonters still to come and they carry the seeds of what matters most:

Romeo Beaudry, by Ethan Hubbard. Photograph is part of the exhibit

“In Search of Old-Time Vermonters”
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 13

Will Climate Refugees Be Heading to Vermont in the Future?

Continued from Page 1

“We also need to prepare for longer term changes,” Pearson said. “I don’t know the would have to make a living. What kind of jobs would be available? We could have a
scale or timeline, but scientists suggest the state needs to recognize this will all be boom in real estate construction, but that is a temporary thing and not a long-term fix.”
happening in the next 50 years.” Pearson thinks that protecting agricultural land to Many of those interviewed for this article agreed that the exact nature of climate
provide more local food, protecting forest blocks and wildlife corridors, and improving change and its effects on Vermont and the rest of the world are still not entirely certain.
decision-making around locating housing are important goals for the state. For example, perhaps Vermont’s ability to grow crops, while helped by a longer growing
Steve Crowley of South Burlington, Energy Chair of the Sierra Club’s Vermont chapter, season, will be hurt by more summer droughts.
has been thinking about the subject of climate-driven migration as a member of the The Vermont State Climatologist, Lesley-Ann L. Dupigny-Giroux, a professor of
national Sierra Club’s Climate Adaptation Task Force. The task force plans to submit geography at UVM, said droughts are a risk: “As climates continue to change, climate
an internal report this winter. variability continues to be important. No region escapes natural hazards of one sort or
Crowley said climate-related change such as higher sea levels, changes to agriculture another. This means that even in places like Vermont, which traditionally receive an
and fisheries, and changes to food security pose serious challenges. He also said that abundance of precipitation throughout the year, droughts of all kinds will continue to
people with material resources will be able to adapt most easily to climate-caused occur, as we have seen most recently in 2016 and again this year.”
changes and is concerned that poorer people will be more at risk. “Even in traditionally wet climates such as ours, particularly lengthy and intense
One example of the risk to those without means can be found in Philadelphia, droughts are also characterized by associated hazards, such as very high daytime
according to an August 14 article in The Guardian, which said that older, lower-income temperatures and wildfires. Thus, the exact nature of the migration of climate refugees
housing in that city tends to have poor air circulation and no air conditioning. In is likely to change as the regional attractiveness changes over time,” she said.
recent years, Philadelphia, along with Baltimore, has led the nation in summer heat- While climate change is expected to bring Vermont warmer and wetter winters, along
related deaths. In 2000, Philadelphia had 50 days a year over 90 degrees, but if trends with hotter and drier summers, there are possible variations that could make the state
continue, in 30 years Philadelphia will experience 100 days a year above 90 degrees, less inviting to newcomers.
according to the article.
According to Roger Hill, the melting of the ice sheets in Greenland could dump
Crowley said some farmland in the Midwest is becoming too dry to grow crops, and enough fresh water into the Atlantic to disrupt ocean currents, including the Gulf
the Southwest has been experiencing a drought. “California grows a huge amount Stream that brings warmer temperatures up the coast. One possibility, he said, is that
of our food, and it is drying out there too,” he added. “They get water from their climate change could at some point lead to colder water in the North Atlantic, and thus
snowpack, and the snowpack has been dwindling.” colder winter temperatures in eastern Canada and northern New England.
Will all these changes cause some people to choose to move to Vermont, where we In other words, don’t give away your sweaters and parkas just yet.
may experience droughts at some times but should still have more water resources
than most? “It is a pretty good guess that people will move north for cooler weather,”
Crowley said. “If we have more people, we will need places for them to live but also
need to grow more food. How will we balance that and where will people live?”
Crowley advocates building more densely packed housing in the future and “preserving
all the agricultural land that we can.”
Governor Phil Scott said a year ago that he thought an influx of new people due
to climate change could be good for the Vermont economy, but not everyone is
excited about the prospect of a higher population. Bob Fireovid is executive director
of the advocacy group Better (not bigger) Vermont, which believes that the human
population in a region should not exceed the limits of the renewable resources in that
area. Vermont is already exceeding those limits, the group believes.
“I understand the issue, and we want to be compassionate, but if we import 95 percent
of our food now, the idea of being able to feed more people will be difficult without
wholesale changes,” Fireovid said. “Another consideration is that people moving here

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PAG E 14 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Abridged Vermont: Brattleboro by Mike Dunphy

efore becoming editor in chief of The Bridge, I spent more than 10 years in the travel
and tourism industry. I continue to do so on the side, and, indeed, I have just completed
updating the Fodor’s Travel Guide for Vermont. This meant poking around the entire
state for the best restaurants, pubs, hotels, attractions, and activities.
Readers of The Bridge benefit, too. Once a month, Abridged Vermont will highlight what’s the
buzz in one Vermont town or city in hopes of inspiring some weekend getaways. In some cases, the
experiences are sponsored by the venues, but I have selected according to quality and appeal only.

Grafton Village Cheese Company
This vaunted Vermont cheese company may still maintain a small foothold in its tiny
namesake village, but it now welcomes guests exclusively at the visitors’ center and
production facility in Brattleboro, next to Retreat Petting Farm, just outside of downtown.
The 2,500-square-foot barn-like building opens immediately to the shop and deli, with
enough tasting stations of cheese, dips, salsa, and chutney among a maze of Vermont
artisanal products to make a full meal. Follow the stairs up to the back to a raised viewing
area and watch the cheddar production through large windows, as well as a video explaining
the cheese-making process.
If you are feeling caloric guilt afterwards, find the Timber Lane trailhead off Linden
Street, about a five-minute walk away, and follow the climb to the spooky Retreat Tower,
built in 1887 by patients of the asylum across the street. Rather than enjoying the vistas of
Brattleboro from the top, many leapt to their deaths, causing the tower to be closed to the
public indefinitely and yielding no small number of ghost stories and goosebumps.
400 Linden St. (Rte. 30), (802) 246-2221, graftonvillagecheese.com This year’s fall schedule brings more than 20 one- and multi-day workshops, covering
subjects like pastel farmscapes, plein air landscape painting, screen printing, botanical
printmaking, expressive figure painting, classical oil painting, charcoal drawing, monotype
-Play- and drypoint printmaking, encaustics, paper lithography, glass-bead making, walnut ink
River Gallery School (make and draw with it), and mosaics. The cost of workshops ranges from $20 to $280 each.
For more than 40 years, the River Gallery School has been inspiring and channeling 32 Main St., (802) 257-1577, rivergalleryschool.org
Brattleboro’s prodigious creative spirit with art workshops in a wide range of disciplines and
media. No previous experience is ever required, and all ages are welcome. Plus, the actual -Eat-
product is less important than the embrace and nurture of your own creative process and
expression. Inspiration is easy to find, too, in the views of the river and mountains out the Whetstone Station Restaurant and Brewery
windows, the work of classmates, and instruction by professional, working, and even world- Perched over the west bank of the Connecticut River in downtown Brattleboro, the
renowned, artists such as Leigh Niland. Whetstone may claim the best dining room view in the state, particularly from the open-air
roof terrace and balcony wrapping around the side. The 1920 Pennsylvania truss-style steel
bridge stretching across the river just below to the forested banks on the New Hampshire
side adds the visual cherry on top.
The on-site “nano-brewery” makes pretty darn good IPAs, double IPAs, stouts, and amber
ales, too. They marry well with a menu of “sharezies” such as poutine and wings, as well
as burgers, brisket, and bangers. It’s an impressive combination, so much so that in March
2018, Whetstone was dubbed the best beer bar in Vermont in the annual Great American
Beer Bars competition conducted by CraftBeer.com, the Brewers Association’s website for
beer lovers.
36 Bridge St., (802) 490-2354, whetstonestation.com

Inn on Putney Road
This 1930 French manse, originally built for the superintendent of the Vermont Asylum
for the Insane—now called The Brattleboro Retreat—hosts Brattleboro’s most elegant and
coziest accommodation. Upstairs are six guest rooms, including one suite, that charmingly
straddle tradition and modernity, with old world tiling, flooring, and furnishings, but the
sugary frills (doilies included) replaced by artsy, boutique flourishes by owners John and
Cindy Becker, who took the reins of the inn in June 2016. A mini-fridge and basket in each
room includes a decent range of drinks and snacks free of charge, which is a nice change
from the usual price-gouging minibars.
Downstairs, a sun-drenched breakfast room dispenses free cookies, coffee, and tea all day,
while the adjacent living room combines a
wood fireplace, plush leather sofas, and a
billiard table. But it’s the surprisingly large
backyard that deserves some time if the
weather permits. Around a central fountain
are bright flower beds, a fire pit, white gazebo,
a massive Japanese maple tree, and pottery
by Stephen Procter. The superintendent’s
original path to the asylum now meanders
along the river and connects to the larger
trail circuit.
192 Putney Rd., (802) 536-4780,
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 15

The Fantastic Voyage Home: Michael Arnowitt Returns to

Barre Opera House by Michelle A.L. Singer

C entral Vermont’s favorite classical pianist completes a

“Fantastic Voyage” home this month.
secret vote and all voted for the same piano. It’s a great piano,
and I definitely have quite a few pieces that showcase all 88
keys—the range of the piano.”
Michael Arnowitt, a 30-year Montpelier resident before
moving to Toronto in 2017, returns to the Barre Opera Arnowitt’s concert will be enjoyed by a community that has
House stage September 15 in a performance to open the a special fondness for him, says Susan Bettmann, director
Capital City Concerts series. of the 2004 Goldstone Award-winning documentary film
The 7:30 pm concert, which is also part of the Vermont Arts about him entitled Beyond 88 Keys, the Music of Michael
Council’s Vermont Arts 2018 program, marks Arnowitt’s Arnowitt.
first major performance since relocating to Toronto, a city “He’s had a really good, responsive audience here in the
in which, despite its size, he is still able to find similarities Montpelier area especially, and throughout Vermont,”
to Montpelier. Bettmann said. “He always puts a lot of thought into
“Toronto is a city of three or four million people,” he says, programming, and his way of looking at musical programming
“certainly different than Montpelier, but I picked a few is unique and inventive and really fascinating. It will be nice
neighborhoods that had elements of Montpelier so it was to have him back here and see what he’s come up with.”
not as much of a culture shock. I looked at places that Part of Arnowitt’s visit to Montpelier will be an outreach
had small businesses, restaurants that are not chains, an program at Montpelier High School. He will be working
interest in organic food, initiatives that play into the zero with Kerrin McCadden’s creative writing poetry class,
waste movement, and grassroots things that remind me of playing musical excerpts and talking about literary references
Vermont. I was pleased to find I hadn’t necessarily given in music.
up things about living in a smaller-town environment by “I’m excited for my students to learn about how the arts can
moving away.” ‘talk’ to each other—where inspiration comes from, and how
Arnowitt said he tried to pull together the common elements to tap into our deep imagination,” says McCadden.
of storytelling, imagination, and fantasy for his “Fantastic Arnowitt is also promoting his new two-disc album entitled
Voyage” program. The concert opens with Schumann’s Sweet Spontaneous, a survey of 14 of his jazz compositions.
Fantasiestücke (or “Fantasy Pieces)” Op. 12. Just released in July, it is available at Buch Spieler Records in
“He took the title from a set of stories written by one of Montpelier and will be for sale at the concert.
his favorite authors of the time, E.T.A. Hoffmann,” says “I think it’s a really colorful recording,” he says. “There are
Arnowitt. “This was the early Romantic period, so the five to nine instruments tailored to each song. Hopefully, it
stories had some fantastic elements to them and larger-than- shows the creative ideas I’ve come up with in jazz. Some of
life characters. A lot of them touched upon music, the arts, the songs might be compositions people in Montpelier have
and poetry.” heard me play over the last 10 years. Some are brand new, but they’re all going to sound
The concert will also include a major piece by Chopin, “Ballade in F minor,” which Arnowitt different because they’ve been arranged for the particular instruments. I’m pleased with it and
comes back to every 10 or 15 years. Chopin wrote four ballads in his lifetime, and, Arnowitt hope my home base of Montpelier will check it out.”
says, “This is the last one, so it’s a very mature work that really paints an epic story on a big For more information about the concert and to charge tickets ($15–$25 each or subscription
canvas. They say about great masterpieces in music that you can come back to them again tickets— four concerts for $85) go to capitalcityconcerts.org. Tickets may also be purchased (cash or
and again and keep finding something marvelous and new, and that’s the way it’s been for me check only) in person at Bear Pond Books, Montpelier.
for this piece for sure,” he said.
To close the program, Arnowitt will perform Lowell Liebermann’s Gargoyles, which, Arnowitt
says, “will put the grand piano at the Barre Opera House to good use.” Arnowitt has reason
“Michael has earned the top spot in the hearts of our Central Vermont audience
for good reason. He is a born pianist with compelling musical convictions,
to know. He was on the original committee that picked out the piano in the late 1980s. “We
formidable technique, and the remarkable ability to communicate with the
traipsed down to New York City,” he remembers, “to the Steinway factory. They present you
audience. Time after time he has woven his community building with social
with four mammoth concert grand pianos, and you try the same piece on different pianos,
justice, artistry, and imagination by producing concerts with a cause. He is
you try different pieces on the same piano, you listen to other pianists play it. We took a
a hero and a treasure.”
Karen Kevra

“The first time I realized how incredible he was, was when I saw him
conduct Bach’s “Mass in B minor” with no music in front of him. It
was like, ‘How can he remember all that? And how does he get such a
profound experience from the orchestra and the chorus?’”
Sandy Morningstar

“Michael and I did political work together in the ’80s and ’90s. He was
instrumental in getting recycling going in the Central Vermont area, but he
was also very involved in anti-war work when the United States was going to
war against Iraq in the early ’90s. It’s wonderful that he’s coming back to what
I would call his home community, that loves him and has supported his career
since he began, to both enjoy his music but also to see Michael.”
Joseph Gainza

“I was Michael’s faculty advisor in 1984 at Goddard when he was doing

his last semester there. He was very interested in ecology. He was a very
thoughtful, very searching person, and was sincere about social change
and living within our ecological means.”
Sara Norton
PAG E 16 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Playing Dr. Ruth by Maura O’Brien

Photos courtesy of John Snell and Mike Furey

n September 6, Lost Nation Theater premiers Becoming Dr. Ruth, about the life
and times of Dr Ruth Westheimer, America’s most famous sex therapist. Playing the
iconic role is Maura O’Brien.
Taking on the role of Dr. Ruth has been the greatest challenge of my career and the
greatest pleasure. I remember hearing her on the radio in the ’80s. This German-Jewish
woman talking about sex in the most outrageous ways. At that time, no one was doing
that. Dr. Ruth was breaking new ground.
In researching this role, I was stunned to learn the details of her life and the obstacles
and challenges she overcame. She was born Karola Ruth Seigel in Germany in 1928
and sent at the age of 10 to Switzerland as part of the Kindertransport to escape Hitler
and the Nazis. Her entire family was killed, leaving her orphaned.
At 17, she moved to Palestine and was there for the birth of modern day Israel in 1948.
She joined the Haganah, the Jewish underground army, became a sniper, and was
almost killed in a bombing. She eventually married, moved to Paris, divorced, and York, which led to a 15-minute radio show. The popularity of that show catapulted her
finally immigrated to the United States (NYC) where she still lives today. She’s been into the public eye, as did newspaper articles, guest appearances, a TV show, and more
married three times. Her third marriage, to the love of her life, Manfred Westheimer, than 40 books.
lasted 36 years until his death in 1997. She has two children and four grandchildren. In playing Dr. Ruth, I agreed with Kathleen Keenan (the show’s director and
Education was very important to Dr. Ruth, and she got her master’s in sociology and producing director of Lost Nation Theater) that this was not about imitating her but
her doctorate in education. A part-time job at Planned Parenthood started her on the rather portraying our interpretation of her. I spent time researching the historical events
journey of focusing on sex education. She eventually trained to be a sex therapist and she lived through to understand what it was like to live in that time. I read several of
volunteered to speak to the community affairs managers of all the radio stations in New Dr. Ruth’s autobiographical books and watched many clips of her shows and interviews
she has given over the decades.
She is such an inspiration! She not only survived tremendous traumas but has thrived.
She exudes and embodies joie de vivre and is passionate about educating people
around relationships and good sex. I hope audiences will leave the theater with a better
appreciation of her accomplishments and indomitable spirit.
Becoming Dr. Ruth runs Sept 6‒16 at Montpelier City Hall; tickets: $10‒$30
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 17

Calendar of Events
Community Events
Rise for Climate, Jobs, and Justice. A picnic community to join their team. 5–7 pm. Lake

Events happening
and community conversation about the
climate crisis. 11 am–1 pm. State House lawn,
Morey Resort, 82 Clubhouse Rd., Fairlee.
Bereavement and Grief Equine Support
Group Begins. For those who are having a
Performing Arts
September 6–22 Fall Forest Storytime. Ian Gauthier will tell hard time in the grieving process, sometimes THEATER, DANCE,
some stories and read an autumnal book about
forest animals getting ready for winter. Forest/
interaction with a horse can help where other
interventions have fallen short. A seven-week
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 6 Sept. 6–16: Becoming Doctor Ruth at
Open Ears at Bagitos. Join Montpelier city wildlife songs and activities for preschoolers and support group program will meet once a week
their parents. Dress for weather conditions. 1 Lost Nation Theater. Mark St. Germain’s
councilor Glen Coburn Hutcheson to talk for an hour. 6:30–7:30 pm. Rhythm of the
pm. Meet at the Barre Town Forest parking lot comedy-drama shares the inspirational
about the city or anything else. 8:30–9:30 am. Rein Therapeutic Riding and Driving Program,
kiosk, 44 Brook St., Websterville. 476-7550 life of the woman who became famous,
Bagitos, 28 Main St., Montpelier. ghutcheson@ Water Tower Farm, 386 Rt. 2, Marshfield. Free.
grandmotherly sex therapist Dr. Ruth
montpelier-vt.org, 839-5349. Register: 426 3781.
Westheimer. Filled with the humor, honesty,
SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 9 Stone Masonry in the Italian Alps. Thea and life-affirming spirit of Karola Ruth
Falls Prevention Awareness and Stay Steady Youth Activist Summit. 10 am–5 pm. Barre
Kick-off for State. “Are You Ready to be Alvin and Mac Rood of Yestermorrow Design/ Siegel. Thurs.–Sat., 7:30 pm; Sun., 2 pm.
Civic Center, Barre. Build School will take the audience on a visual City Hall Arts Center, Main St., Montpelier.
Steady?” Tai chi demo, individual screenings
by the Falls Free Vermont Coalition. Remarks Shape Note Singing. A participatory a capella journey showing the people-powered restoration $15–30. Discounts for students and seniors.
by MSAC director and Maggie Holt, a physical singing form that originated in New England and reconstruction of 16th and 17th century 229-0492. lostnationtheater.org
therapist with UVM Medical Center. 1–3 pm. 225 years ago. Anyone is welcome, regardless of stone walls, roofs, and vaults in the mountains
Sept. 16: LGBTQLOL Queer Comedy
Montpelier Senior Activity Center, 58 Barre St., singing experience. 2–5 pm. Christ Church, of Italy. 7 pm. The Savoy Theater, 26 Main St.,
Showcase. A raucous night of laughs hosted
Montpelier. 64 State St., Montpelier. Montpelier. Free.
by Kendall Farrell featuring some of the
Face the River presentation. The Vermont River Eat Up on The Green at Camp Meade. Weekly Biodiversity University: Fall Warblers – Northeast’s funniest and queerest comedians.
Conservancy is championing a new approach community event series. 4–9 pm. 961 Rt. 2, Presentation. With a little guidance and With Veronica Garza, Kathleen Kanz,
where we Face the River and restore a healthy Middlesex. practice, you’ll be able to identify most of the fall Rachel Gendron, Suzan Ambrose, Jonah
connection between city and town residents and warblers you see. In this presentation, we will lift Cipolla, and more. 7 pm. Sweet Melissa’s,
Rosh Hashanah at Beth Jacob Synagogue. the veil of mystery surrounding those “confusing
their rivers. VRC will reflect on the role of rivers in 4 Langdon St., Montpelier. $5-10 suggested
7 pm. 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. fall warblers,” especially those seldom-seen fall
Montpelier’s history and discuss current projects donation. Reserve tickets: gbtqlolmontp.
bethjacobvt.org migrants. 7:00–8:30 pm. North Branch Nature
and opportunities. 7:00–8:30 pm. North Branch eventbrite.com
Nature Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier. Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier. By donation.
Rosh Hashanah at Beth Jacob Synagogue. Defending Our Democracy: A Conversation
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7 9 am. 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. About Election Security with Secretary
William Alexander “Festival of Ghosts.” An bethjacobvt.org of State Jim Condos. Secretary Condos will
Art Walk event. Book signing and reading of
Exploring the Psyche: A Thematic Seminar
discuss the protections Vermont has in place to
secure the integrity of our elections, and what
Send your event
Alexander’s newest middle grade novel. Book
signing 5–6 pm; reading and cupcakes 6–7 pm. with Peter Burmeister, M.A. This course will
conduct a broad survey of the contributions
states need from Congress to secure future listing to calendar@
Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier. elections. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library,
Free. bearpondbooks.com made by Freud and those who followed him.
6:30–8:00 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135
135 Main St., Montpelier. 223-3338 montpelierbridge.com.
Bethel First Friday Flicks - Free Family Movie.
Bring a blanket or beanbag if you want to
Main St., Montpelier. Pre-registration required THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 13 Deadline for print in
by calling 223-3338.
get comfy (regular chairs available, too). Visit
website or Facebook for each month’s movie. Humanist Service at Beth Jacob Synagogue.
Open Ears at Bagitos.. See description under
September 6. the next issue
6:30–8:30 pm. Bethel Town Hall, 134 S. Main
St., Bethel. Donations accepted. bri-vt.org/events
7 pm. 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier.
Cutler Memorial Library Expansion Design is Sept. 14.
Kick-Off and Celebration. Community members
Plainfield Old Home Day: Variety Show. 7 pm. Mad River Chorale Rehearsal. Rehearsal for can meet the library director and trustees and the
Plainfield Town Hall and Opera House, Rt. 2, the holiday concerts on Dec. 8 and 9. New architects who will be working with us to design
Plainfield. singers welcome. 7:30 pm. Harwood Union our addition. 5:00–6:30 pm. Cutler Memorial
High School chorus room. madriverchorale.net. Library, 151 High St, Plainfield.
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 8 Authors Reading & Book Signing: Baron
Friends of the Winooski River 20th Annual TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 11 Wormser and Elizabeth Garber. Baron
River Cleanup. Volunteers needed to help Rosh Hashanah at Beth Jacob Synagogue. Wormser, author of Legends of Slow Explosion:
remove trash from local rivers. 8:30–11:30 am. 9 am. 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. Eleven Modern Lives and Elizabeth Garber
Montpelier City Hall, 39 Main St., Montpelier. bethjacobvt.org author of Implosion: A Memoir of an Architect’s
winooskiriver.org. 371-8988 Rising Vermont Voices: Women Writers Daughter. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard Library, 135
Showcase. Chris Bohjalian hosts this showcase Main St., Montpelier. 223-3338.
Capital City Farmers' Market. Market
vendors, music, and events. 9 am–1 pm. State of up-and-coming women writers: Melanie Finn
St., Montpelier.montpelierfarmersmarket.com (The Underneath), Sarah Healy (The Sisters
Chase), Maria Hummel (Still Lives), and Robin
BA/MA Psychology & Counseling Visiting MacArthur (Heart Spring Mountain). 7 pm.
Day. 9 am. Goddard College, 123 Pitkin Rd., Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier.
Plainfield. Goddard.edu. bearpondbooks.com
Plainfield Old Home Day: Parade. 11 am.
Followed by BBQ, music, live town photo WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 12
“Stand in the Place Where You Live,” games, Margaret Pratt Community Job Fair. Looking
and fun for all at the recreation field. Plainfield for kind-hearted and professional staff with
Village. a deep commitment to serving the senior
PAG E 18 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Calendar of Events
Visual Arts
Through Sept. 27: Possibilitarian Uprising: Sept. 7–Oct. 7: Backstory—Art at the Kent. Through Nov. 30: Carole Naquin Exhibition.
Post-Apocalypse for ¾ Empire. Peter Backstory is about the artist’s history as well Soft pastel paintings that capture the energy of
Schumann’s woodcuts. Exhibition of woodcuts as of the materials used. Kent Museum, 7 Old sky, river, and field. Meet the artist during Art
on cloth banners, inspired by Albrecht West Church Rd., Calais. kentscorner.org Walk, Sept. 7. Artisans Hand Gallery, Main St.
EXHIBITS Durer’s (1471-1528) engravings depicting Through Oct. 20: Exposed. Outdoor sculpture Montpelier
Through Sept. 8: Reclamation. Contemporary the Apocalypse as envisioned in the Book of
figurative women artists painting women from Revelation. Goddard College Art Gallery,
exhibition. Helen Day Art Center, Pond St.,
Stowe. helenday.com.
their perspective, reclaiming and transforming Pratt Center, 123 Pitkin Rd., Plainfield. Sept. 6: Artist Talk with Margaret Bowland.
the way women are portrayed. Helen Day Art artcommittee@goddard.edu. 322-1604 Through Oct. 26: An Artists Journey. A Artist Margaret Bowland, whose work is
Center, 90 Pond St., Stowe. helenday.com Warren Kimble exhibit. More than 50 years featured in the Reclamation exhibition, will
Through Sept. 28: Social Justice Art Exhibit. of Kimble’s experience as a fine artist, educator deliver an artist talk at Helen Day Art Center,
Through Sept. 9: Eric AHO: A Thousand Social justice-themed work by Jerry Ralya. and antiques collector. Opening reception: 90 Pond St., Stowe. Donations welcome.
Acres. Paintings that evoke a sense of place Quimby Gallery at Northern Vermont Sept. 7, 5–8 pm; art talk by Kimble at 6 pm. helenday.com
rather than a specific place. Highland Center for University-Lyndon. 626-6487. jerryralya.com. T. W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., Montpelier.
the Arts, Greensboro. Sept. 7: Montpelier Art Walk. Artwork
Through Sept. 28: Maggie Neale. 28 abstract 262-6035 gcallan@twwoodgallery.org
will be showcased at a number of Montpelier
Through Sept. 13: Soul Inscribed: The Art of oil paintings using color, form and texture to twwoodgallery.org
businesses. 4–8 pm. Downtown Montpelier.
Yako 440 and Baba Israel. Multimedia graffiti express the inner dance of the subconscious. Through Oct. 30: Sumi-e Meditations. montpelieralive.org
art and hip-hop music. Graffiti-based paintings, Art Walk reception, Sept. 7. City Center, Oriental brush paintings by Ronda Stoll.
stencils and music videos. Artist talk: Sept. Montpelier. Sept. 7: Steel and Wood at Axel’s Gallery
The Morrisville Post Office, 16 Portland St.,
13, 3–5 pm. Julian Scott Memorial Gallery at and Frame Shop. Meet the three craftsmen
Through Sept. 28: Northern Vermont Art Morrisville. 888-1261. riverartsvt.org
Northern Vermont University-Johnson. 635- of the Underpass Cooperative. See how the
Association Exhibition. Reception: Sept. 7, Through Oct. 31: Abstract within the Square. collaboration of steel and wood make for an
1469 5–8 pm. T. W. Wood Gallery, 46 Barre St., Paintings by Maggie Neale. Jaquith Library, intimate and contemporary pair. 6–8 pm.
Through Sept. 26: Oil Paint & Black Walnut: Montpelier. 262-6035. twwoodgallery@gmail. Old Schoolhouse Common, Marshfield. 5 Stowe St., Waterbury.
Abstracts, Works on Paper. Dian Parker’s com. twwoodgallery.org
exhibit features abstract oil paintings on canvas, Through Sept. 30: James Peterson, Through Nov. 3: Familiars: Valerie Hammond Sept. 14: Art and Author Night. Artist
as well as mixed media works on black walnut and Kiki Smith. This exhibition demonstrates reception and author reading. “Abstract Within
Dreamcatcher. Large-scale interactive the uniqueness, as well as the intersections, of
stained paper. Zollikofer Gallery at Hotel the Square” are paintings by Maggie Neale.
installation that was inspired by the magical the printmaking practices that Hammond and “Narrative Songs, Musical Sculpture” is the talk
Coolidge, 39 S. Main St., White River Junction ice caves of Kamchatka in Siberia. The grounds
Smith have developed over the last 20 years. by Delia Robinson. 6–8 pm. Jaquith Library,
Through Sept. 27: Nick DeFriez, Hillsides and of Spruce Peak Performing Arts Center, 122 Opening reception: Sept. 21, 5–7 pm. Helen School St., Marshfield.
Hexagons. Paintings. Governor’s Gallery, 109 Hourglass Dr., Stowe. helenday.com Day Art Center Main Gallery, 90 Pond St.,
State St., Montpelier. Photo ID required for Through Sept. 30: Show 27 at The Front. Stowe. mail@helenday.com
entry. The collective gallery’s latest show. Now open Through Nov. 9: Mountains, Mesas, and
Send your event
Through Sept. 27: Harry A. Rich, The weekends: Fri., 4–7 pm; Sat.–Sun., 11 am–5 pm. Monoliths: Gold-toned Brownprints of Zion listing to calendar@
Vermont Years, So Far… Large-scale acrylic- 6 Barre St., Montpelier. thefrontvt.com
on-canvas paintings. Vermont Supreme Court
Canyon by Matt Larson. 18 framed, smaller-scaled montpelierbridge.com.
Through Sept. 30: Anita Zotkina. Reception: gold-toned brownprints and 8 large-scale, unframed
Gallery, 111 State St., Montpelier. Sept. 7, 4–8 pm. The Cheshire Cat, 28 Elm St., gold-toned brownprints of Zion Canyon, Utah. Deadline for print in
Montpelier. 223-1981. cheshirecatclothing.com. Morse Block Deli, 260 N. Main St., Barre. the next issue is Sept. 14.

Morefest. Free community event featuring a Pond Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier. Free.
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14 car show, kids games, live music, vendors, and bearpondbooks.com
Sept. 14: Art and Author Night. Artist fireworks. 2–8 pm. 1040 Rt. 100B, Moretown. Flu Clinic with CVHHH. Montpelier Senior
reception and author reading. “Abstract Within Activity Center, 58 Barre St., Montpelier.
the Square” are paintings by Maggie Neale.
Down Home's 3rd Birthday Party. Come Three Penny Taproom Benefit for Goddard Yom Kippur at Beth Jacob Synagogue. 9 am.
“Narrative Songs, Musical Sculpture” is an 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. bethjacobvt.org
illustrated musical talk about the creation of a celebrate with live swing music, cake, creemees, College. Come see your fellow Goddard
new book by Delia Robinson. 6–8 pm. Jaquith and games. Plus an art sale benefiting ACLU. College staff, alumni, faculty, and community. Monarch Tagging and Natural History. Join
Library, School St., Marshfield. 4–9 pm. Down Home Kitchen, 100 Main St., 11 am. Three Penny Taproom, 108 Main St., NBNC educators and naturalists as we search
Montpelier. 225-6665 Montpelier. 322-1601. dustin.byerly@goddard. for monarch butterflies around the nature center.
edu 3:30–5:30 pm. North Branch Nature Center,
Biodiversity University: Fall Warblers - Field SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 16 Yom Kippur at Beth Jacob Synagogue. 6:15 713 Elm St., Montpelier. By donation.
Trip in Central Vermont. Taking the tools we WORDS OUT LOUD. This annual reading pm. 10 Harrison Ave., Montpelier. bethjacobvt. Mid-Week Movie: Faces Places. 7 pm.
developed during the presentation earlier in the series accompanies the Art at the Kent exhibit org Highland Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick
week, we will spend the morning at NBNC and “Backstory” at the Kent Museum. Readings by Author Reading with Rick Winston, Red Scare St., Greensboro. $5 suggested donation.
nearby locations looking for warblers and other Burr Morse and Angela Patten. 3 pm. Old West in the Green Mountains. Winston has been highlandartsvt.com
fall migrants. 7–11 am. North Branch Nature Church, 758 Old West Church Rd., Calais. Free; researching this fascinating story, which features
Center, 713 Elm St., Montpelier. donations welcome. thekentmuseum@gmail.com two outspoken newspaper editors, a Tibetan THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 20
Capital City Farmers' Market. See description Eat Up on The Green at Camp Meade. See Buddhist dignitary, a local self-described “Red Open Ears at Bagitos.. See description under
under September 8. description under September 9. Hunter,” two actual Communists from out of September 6
state, and two well-traveled, prolific authors who Central Vermont Climate Action Monthly
Elm Street Cemetary Clean-up. Help clean
344 graves in this beautiful small cemetery. 11 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17 were summer residents of Bethel—the Far East Meeting. Take action for climate justice locally.
SciFi+ Book Club hosts author Brett Cox: expert Owen Lattimore, and the Arctic explorer Node group of 350Vermont meets every third
am–5 pm. 207 Elm St., Montpelier. Find event Vilhjalmur Stefansson. 7 pm. Kellogg-Hubbard
on Facebook. “The End of All Our Exploring.” Join author Sunday. 7:00–8:30 pm. Unitarian Church, 130
F. Brett Cox or a reading and discussion of his Library, 135 Main St., Montpelier. 223-3338. Main St., Montpelier.
new collection of short stories. 6:30 pm. Bear
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 19

Calendar of Events
Live Music
Sept. 21: Acoustic Dinner Set - Elizabeth Concert preceded by cookout across the street. Barre. $15–25. capitalcityconcerts.org. Tickets
Renaud, 5–7 pm. All ages; Bad Horsey 7 pm. Moretown United Methodist Church, may also be purchased (cash or check only) in
(classic rock) 9 pm, $5 962 Rt. 100B, Moretown. By donation. 839- person at Bear Pond Books.
Sept. 22: Robin Sunquiet (pop dance) 0560 Sept. 15: Swedish Music. Sunniva Brynnel
9:30 pm
VENUES Sept. 8: Rickie Lee Jones. Two-time Grammy and Lydia Levins perform. 7:30 pm. Swedish
Charlie O’s World Famous. 70 Main St. Whammy Bar. 31 County Rd., Calais. award winner performs. 7 pm. Spruce Peak music workshop before the concert at 5 pm.
Montpelier. Free. 223-6820. Free. whammybar1.com. Performing Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Adamant Community Club, corner of Martin
Every Tues.: Karaoke with DJ Vociferious Every Thurs.: Open Mic, 7 pm Stowe. $40–85. SprucePeakArts.org Rd. and Haggett Rd., Adamant. Concert only
9:30 pm Sept. 7: Sky Blue Boys (bluegrass) 7:30 pm Sept. 8: Aaron Marcus CD release concert. $15; workshop only $25; concert and workshop
Sept. 7: John Smyth (acoustic) 6 pm; Sept. 14: Kelly Ravin and Halle Jade, Original music inspired by a number of dance $35. 454-7103 or 613-3922.
Starline Rhythm Boys (honky-tonk) 9 pm 7:30 pm traditions. 7:30 pm. Unitarian Church, 130 Sept. 15: MadMan & Me. Progressive trance
Sept. 8: Heavy Nettles (Americana) 9 pm Sept. 15: Blue Wave Benefit w/ The Laddies Main St., Montpelier. $10–15 sliding scale. rock. 9 pm. Sweet Melissa’s, 4 Langdon St.,
Sept. 10: Sex Trivia, 7:30 pm (’60's rock/folk) 7:30 pm Montpelier. $5.
Sept. 21: Bella and the Notables (jazz Sept. 11: Remember 9/11 with Tower Bells.
Sept. 14: Bishop LaVey (dark folk) 6 pm;
standards) 7:30 pm A program of music remembering the victims Sept. 16: Balkan Dance Party. With premier
Wild Leek River w/ Eastern Mountain Time
Sept. 22: Bob Hannan and Friends, of the 9/11 tragedy will be played on the Bulgarian Band. Four master musicians
(outlaw country) 9 pm
7:30 pm historic tower bells of Montpelier’s Trinity steeped in Bulgarian music and rhythms from
Sept. 15: Mad My Scramblers (bluegrass) 9 pm
United Methodist Church beginning at a young age, bring the very best of Bulgarian
Sept. 17: Nerd Trivia, 7:30 pm
Sept. 21: Chicky Stoltz (blues) 6 pm; SPECIAL EVENTS 9:59 am, when the south tower fell in 2001. folk music tradition. 3–6 pm. 6612 Rt. 12,
Sept 6: BarnArts Music at Feast and Field Sept 13: BarnArts Music at Feast and Field Montpelier. $20; students $10; family $30.
Hessian w/ Seax & Reckless Force (metal)
Market. Weekly eclectic music series with a Market. See description under Sept. 6. 426-3210.
9 pm
Sept. 22: Tail Light Rebellion (folk punk) unique farmers market hosted on a working Sept. 16: Blue Wave Concert. Festive
farm. 4:30–7:30 pm. Fable Farm, Royalton Sept. 13: Livingston Taylor. With guest
9 pm Tod Pronto. 7 pm. Spruce Peak Performing Fundraiser to Win Back Congress. featuring
Turnpike, South Royalton. Rich Maizell, Kelly Ravin, and Halle Jade
Espresso Bueno. 248 N. Main St., Barre. Arts Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe. $25.
Sept. 6: Johnny Burgin. Veteran blues SprucePeakArts.org playing acoustic folk standards and light rock.
479-0896. espressobueno.com.
performer. 7:30 pm. Sweet Melissa’s, Lovely Calais home grounds open at 4:30 pm
Sept 8: Jazzyaoke (live jazz karaoke) 7:30 pm, Sept. 14: The Robert Cray Band. Cray has
4 Langdon St., Montpelier. $5 for picnics, trail and labyrinth walking, and
$5. been bridging the lines between blues, soul, lawn games. Concert starts at 5:30 pm. 1640
Gusto's. 28 Prospect St., Barre. 476-7919. Sept. 7: New Music Uncaged. Chamber and R&B for the past four decades with five West County Rd., Calais. 947-517-7924.
Ages 21+. No cover unless indicated. ensemble works by 21st Century composers, Grammy wins and a Blues Hall of Fame
including Vermont’s own Michael Close. induction. 8 pm. Barre Opera House, 6 N. Sept. 20: BarnArts Music at Feast and Field
Sept. 6: Open Mic Night, 8 pm
Performers will include Luke Rackers, piano; Main St., Barre. $27.50–55. Market. See description under Sept. 6.
Sept. 7: Acoustic Dinner Set w/ Joe
Sabourin, 5–7 pm. All ages; Chasing Dorothy Michael Close, cello; and additional guest barreoperahouse.org Sept. 22: Elizabeth Renaud. Acoustic.
(rock original and covers) 9 pm, $5. instrumentalists. During Art Walk. 6–8 pm. Dog River Brewery, Barre-Montpelier
6:30–8 pm. Center for Arts and Learning, Sept. 15: Michael Arnowitt: Fantastic
Sept. 8: Dance Party w/ DJ Bay 6, 9:30 pm Voyage. Capital City Concerts season opener. Rd., Berlin. Ages 21+
Sept. 14: Acoustic Dinner Set with Chris 46 Barre St., Montpelier. Free; donations
accepted. abundantsilence.org Home-coming performance by the pianist. Sept. 22: Willa Mamet & Paul Miller. Folk,
Martin & Company, 5–7 pm. All ages; Includes Schumann’s Op. 12 Fantasy Pieces, country, Americana, and grassy soul in one
Totally Submerged (classic rock) 9 pm. $5. Sept. 8: Colin McCaffrey Solo Benefit Prokofiev’s Piano No. 7 Sonata, Chopin’s F intimate, acoustic evening. 7:30 pm. Highland
Sept. 15: Dance Party w/ DJ LaFountaine, Concert. Benefits the United Methodist minor Ballade, and more. Reception follows. Center for the Arts, 2875 Hardwick St.,
9:30 pm Women’s Fund for Capital Improvements. 7:30 pm. Barre Opera House, 6 N. Main St., Greensboro. $10. Highlandartsvt.org

Vermont Author Robin MacArthur. MacArthur will discuss her books Half Wild and Heart
Spring Mountain. 7–8 pm. Stowe Free Library,
90 Pond St., Stowe. stowelibrary.org
To see weekly events and
Cycles of Life. We invite you to join with us in this place of comfort where we can all come
more detailed event listings
together to listen, talk and share about the things in life’s cycle we are all experiencing in our
own way now for ourselves and the earth we live on. Twin Valley Senior Center, Blueberry
Commons, Rt. 2, East Montpelier. 223-3322
visit montpelierbridge.com
Capital City Farmers' Market. See description under September 8.
Fostering Learning Partnerships Between Classrooms and Authors (and Illustrators).
An Educator Series Workshop with local author Christy Mihaly and elementary
school teacher Susan Koch. 11 am. Bear Pond Books, 77 Main St., Montpelier, Free.
Mountainfilm on Tour. Enjoy a selection of culturally rich, adventure-packed and incredibly
inspiring documentary short films. Family Friendly Matinee at 3 pm, tickets: $15 adults,
$5 ages 12 and under. Evening screening, 7 pm, tickets: $25. Spruce Peak Performing Arts
Center, 122 Hourglass Dr., Stowe. sprucepeakarts.org
PAG E 2 0 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Scrag Mountain Music Presents “The Intersection of

Art and Music”

he Scrag Mountain Music season opens on September 22 with “The
Intersection of Art and Music.” Drawing inspiration from the Kent Museum
Fall 2018 exhibition, Backstory, Scrag Mountain Music co-artistic directors
Mary Bonhag (soprano) and Evan Premo (double bass), together with celebrated
Vermont cellist Emily Taubl, offer four intimate mini concerts within the art-filled
walls of the Kent Museum in Calais on Saturday afternoon, September 22.
Each of the four mini concerts feature Lembit Beecher’s song cycle, Three Songs of
Remembered Love, selections from Harrison Birtwistle’s 9 Settings of Lorine Niedecker,
as well as a daring 21st-century remix of the 14th-century song “Douce Dame Jolie”
by Guillaume de Machaut. Throughout the duration of the Backstory exhibition
from September 7 to October 7, a video of Bonhag and Premo performing Lembit
Beecher’s oratorio, And Then I Remember, will be available for museum goers. Emily Taubl
Three Songs of Remembered Love recounts the incredible story of Beecher’s
grandparents’ love during a tumultuous time in Estonia during World War II. Mary Bonhag
The piece makes use of a recording of his grandmother’s voice to tell this story Evan Premo
along with soprano and double bass. The four movements of Harrison Birtwistle’s
piece are about Blackhawk Island in Wisconsin, where poet Lorine Niedecker was
born and spent nearly her entire life. The music shares observations of Niedecker’s
surroundings—the animals, plants, and, of course, the water. Guillaume de
Machaut’s “Douce Dame Jolie” is a bit of a remix by friend and fellow soprano
Ariadne Greif. Just as one of the artists featured in Backstory has collected and
stitched old scraps of fabric together in new ways, this piece illuminates the old by
bringing it into modern times.
All mini concerts are “Come as you are, pay what you can,” with at-will donations
collected at the door. Admission to the museum is separate and by donation at the
door. Advanced sign-up for the mini concerts is required at scragmountainmusic.
org, as space is limited. Please note that the mini concerts will take place on the
second floor of the Kent Museum, accessible only by stairs.

Advertise in the NEXT ISSUE:

In Circulation Sept. 20–Oct. 3
For more information about advertising deadlines, rates,and the design of your ad, contact
Rick McMahan Dot Helling
802-249-8666 802-881-8832
rick@montpelierbridge.com dot@montpelierbridge.com
T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 21

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PAG E 2 2 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

OP-ED Summer with Attitude by Walt Amses

’m wading cautiously into the pond for the first time in six weeks, purposely the daily average temperature of 76 degrees, most days above 85 degrees (21); and the
trying to savor every inch of silky water as it envelops me, as though I’m in the warmest night in the city’s history on July 2, a Brooklynesque 80 degrees.
throes of some new-age baptism. Rehabbing a surgically repaired knee has kept Usually when I’m feeling borderline hysterical about some aspect of the weather I chat
me high and dry for well over a month, and now, as the bright yellow school buses up Roger Hill, who operates “Weathering Heights” in Worcester, providing forecasts
make their appointed rounds, I realize that as summer ends for students across to a variety of media outlets and outdoor entertainment venues. More often than not
Central Vermont, it’s just beginning for me. he reels me in with reassurances such as, “Yes, it will eventually snow,” or “Of course,
As the crystal clear pond creeps up my lower back, I feel a small chill, certainly not the leaves will change,” but during a conversation earlier this week he was every bit as
from the water itself—it’s warmer than anyone can remember—more likely it’s the concerned as I was about the heat, but also the long-range implications.
contrast with the air temperature that’s pushing 90 and me, at 98.6, coupled with an “Since Irene” (which ravaged Vermont in 2011) Hill explained, “we’ve been pretty
out-of-whack dew point for the umteenth time in several weeks. Certainly it’s been a lucky, dodging many of the conditions that devastated the rest of the country, but this
summer to remember; or forget, depending on your tolerance and at what level you is turning heads, and we’d be wise to take notice.” Even the usually cooler, hilly north
lurch from comfortably warm to hyperthermia. central areas of the state were no exception, especially in the humidity department
During a weekend radio show I did for several years, while delivering the forecast on and, unfortunately, according to Hill, this may very well be the “wave of the future.”
especially humid days, I’d joke that it felt like Rangoon, which I never really believed. Struggling to find an upside, an obviously frustrated Hill said, “Enduring weather
It just sounded emphatically sweltering. But after having traveled to Rangoon (now like this would be far easier if we knew it served as a wake up call. Scientists
Yangon) in Myanmar—which used to be Burma—and experiencing this very juicy overwhelmingly agree that climate change is real, and we will soon reach a tipping
Vermont summer, I’ve decided the north country wasn’t anything like Rangoon/ point if we haven’t already. Meanwhile, the administration in Washington and the
Yangon. This year, it’s actually been worse. party in power act as though environmental regulations are the problem. It makes
This is a serious bummer for anyone who emigrated here from gridlocked metropolitan me furious.”
areas of the south, fleeing months of just such conditions. After our own liberation I lean forward into the sublime water, pushing off with my good leg, and momentarily
several decades ago, we relished every cool breeze as a small victory, reveling in I’m weightless, gliding suspended, as free as I’ve felt since the injury yet, perhaps
50-degree summer nights—“good sleeping weather” as we used to say wistfully (and because of the knee itself or my sobering exchange with Hill, I’m more fully aware of
infrequently) back then—but our wrestling with choking traffic or steamy public both my own vulnerability and how this pristine, glacial pond, like so many similar
transportation appeared distant memories. And for a while they were. treasures, might very well be threatened in the not too distant future.
Although temperatures everywhere have been inching up the past several years, July A clutch of vibrant, red maple leaves dots the shoreline as I lose myself in a late August
2018 arrived with singular vengeance, stringing together a series of days with highs daydream, valley mists that mark late summer mornings, the inexorable march
in the ’90s and withering humidity, relegating Vermonters to a quest for water like toward the autumnal equinox, and how some things inevitably change while others
migrating wildebeests. The relentless heat set several records in Burlington, including need to remain exactly as they are.

Cody Chevrolet Congratulates
The Bridge On 25 Years of Business!

T H E B R I D G E S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 • PAG E 2 3

Important Step for Downtown

Letters Pokémon Go
Editor, Editor,
On behalf of Montpelier Alive, the Montpelier Business Association, and the Adam Grayck and Jessica Knapp of Montpelier have created a new fundraising initiative
Montpelier Development Corporation, we are grateful to the Montpelier City Council that incorporates community involvement and the mobile app game, Pokémon Go.
for moving forward in the process toward a public vote on a downtown parking Grayck and Knapp are administrators of the Central VT PokéGo for Community
garage. The garage will advance many community needs, including a new downtown group that hosts monthly fundraiser events. Each month, players from around central
hotel, affordable housing, and convenient parking for workers, residents, and visitors. Vermont meet at the State House to participate and help raise money for charity. We
The denser parking will provide better access to downtown businesses and enable would like to thank Hunger Mountain Co-op, the Law Office of David L. Grayck,
creative reuse of current on-street and surface parking for more productive uses and and Amy Stephenson for donating a total of $120 to the Montpelier Food Pantry for
pedestrian and bike-friendly amenities. The project sets a precedence for public-private our August fundraiser. If you would like to become involved, contact Adam Grayck
partnerships and the advancement of projects that ensure the continued vibrancy of at cvt.pokego.group@gmail.com or find us on Facebook at "Central VT PokéGo For
Montpelier. Community".
Dan Groberg, Executive Director, Montpelier Alive Adam Grayck, Montpelier
Sarah DeFelice, President, Montpelier Business Association
Laura Gebhart, Executive Director, Montpelier Development Corporation Letters to the paper are not fact-checked and do not
necessarily represent the views of The Bridge.

We welcome your letters and opinion pieces. Letters must be fewer than 300 words. Opinion pieces should not exceed
600 words. The Bridge reserves the right to edit and cut pieces. Send your piece to: editorial@montpelierbridge.com.
Deadline for the next issue is September 14
PAG E 24 • S E P T E M B E R 6 – S E P T E M B E R 19, 2 018 THE BRIDGE

Thank You for Reading The Bridge!