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Abstract Global Engineering Challenge and Progress

In recent years, the modern city suffers from the

Due to rapid urbanization and increase of automobile, traffic and commute congestion
commuting and traffic congestions due to rapid
is one of the major issue faced by modern city [1]. Traffic Congestion is hypothesized
urbanization and increasing number of automobiles. to contribute to negative income growth and unemployment [2] as well as the level of
As the majority of the world’s population is projected CO2 emission in the atmosphere [3]. Hence, as the majority of the world’s population
is projected to live at the city in the future [1], optimization of the traffic and
to live at the city in the future, optimization of the
commuting system management has became a global engineering challenge. With the
traffic and commuting system management has rapid development in science and technology, especially in computer science and
became a global engineering challenge. This poster Internet of Things (IoT) based devices and sensors, smart-city framework could be
aims to give a general solution for this challenge by utilized to develop an intelligent transportation management system [4].
To the date, extensive and comprehensive researches has been conducted to apply the
combining the Computer Vision, Internet of Things smart-city framework in transport management system successfully [5]. The recent
(IoT), Big Data Analytics, and Machine Learning research progress in the field are:
concept in an integrated smart-city framework. After 1.IoT based camera is utilized to collect the image of crowdedness in the road and
public transport stop [6-8]. The image then sent to Data and Cloud Computing
conducting researches in the mentioned concept, a Center (DCC) to be processed using computer vision and machine learning
simple network model has been developed and technique. The processed data then sent to Public Transport Operator (PTO) and
presented in this poster. The model is expected to Traffic Management Center (TMC) to be utilized [9,10]. Besides of IoT based
camera, smartphone activity and social media also utilized to harness crowd
give clear insight about the smart city and encourage
information in urban area [11,12]. The data provide by the smartphone activity and
researches on this field in the future. social media contribute to give better insight about the people movement [11,12]
2.IoT based sensors, for instance vibration sensors, is utilized to collect data about the
condition of the Public Transport. The data then sent to the DCC in real time manner
to monitor the condition of the vehicle. In DCC, the data from the sensors, the data
from historical maintenance data (provide by PTO), and the database of
crowdedness is processed using machine learning technique to produce the optimum
maintenance time to reduce breakdown of the public transport. [13-15]
Proposed Solution

TMC deploy traffic con-

troller and make decision Smart Camera is used Smart Camera is used to
to prevent congestion to sense crowdedness sense crowd in public
(e.g. redirect vehicle and in the route [6,7] transport stop [6,7]
shift number of lane)
based on crowdedness Public Transport is de-
data [9,10] parting to Crowded Ar-
DCC sent processed DCC sent processed ea after receiving sig-
crowdedness data to crowdedness data to nal from operator
Traffic Management Cen- PTO [9,10] [9,10]
ter (TMC) [9,10]
Data & Cloud Compu-
ting Center
PTO send signal to
Public Transport
Crowdedness Data is col- [9,10]
PTO send historical data to
lected through phone ac-
DCC, based on this data, sen-
tivity and social medial
sors data, and database of
TMC send real time crowdedness, DCC give feed-
data of best alter- back of recommended mainte- The scheduled is ap-
natives route to fre- nance schedule [13-15] plied to the public
The data generat-
quent commuter transport [13-15]
ed by the sensors
[9,10] is send in real time
manner to the DCC
PTO release scheduled
Public Transport is
departing to
Crowded Area Sensors is deployed on Public Transport
[9,10] (mainly train) and track to monitor the
condition [13-15]

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