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CBSETESTPAPER-01 CLASS-XScience(Magneticeffectsofelectriccurrent) GeneralInstruction:

CBSETESTPAPER-01

CLASS-XScience(Magneticeffectsofelectriccurrent)

GeneralInstruction:

Allquestionarecompulsory.QuestionNo.1to5carryonemarkeach.QuestionNo.6to9

carrytwomarkseach.QuestionNo.10to13carrythreemarkseach.QuestionNo.14carry

fivemarkseach.

1.Magneticfieldlinesdetermine

(a)Theshapeofmagneticfield

(b)Onlythedirectionofmagneticfield

(c)Onlytherelativestrengthofthemagneticfield

(d)Boththedirectionandtherelativestrengthofmagneticfield

2.Adeviceusedforproducingelectriccurrentiscalleda

(a)Galvanometer(b)Motor(c)Generator(d)Ammeter

3.Atthetimeofshortcircuit,thecurrentinthecircuit

(a)varycontinuously(b)reducedconsiderably(c)increasesheavily(d)doesnotchange

4.AnElectricGeneratorworksontheprincipleof

(a)Electromagnetism

(b)ElectromagneticInduction

(c)Convertingelectricalenergytomechanicalenergy

(d)Noneoftheabove

5.Themagneticfieldnearalongstraightwireisdescribedby

(a)Straightfieldlinesparalleltothewire.

(b)Straightfieldlinesperpendiculartothewire.

(c)Concentriccirclecenteredonthewire.

(d)Radialfieldlinesstartingfromthewire.

6.Statetwopropertiesofmagneticlinesofforce.

7.Whydoesacompassneedlegetsdeflectedwhenbroughtnearabarmagnet?

8.Themagneticfieldlinesinagivenregionisuniform.Drawadiagramtorepresentthe same. 9.Writetwowaystoinducecurrentinacoil.

8.Themagneticfieldlinesinagivenregionisuniform.Drawadiagramtorepresentthe

same.

9.Writetwowaystoinducecurrentinacoil.

10.Whatisthefunctionofanearthwire?Whyisifnecessarytoearthmetalliccasingof

electricappliance?

11.Weknowthatacurrentcarryingconductorplacedinamagneticfieldexperiencesaforce

duetowhichtheconductormoves.Howdowethinktheroddisplacesif-(a)currentinrodis

increased(b)astrongerhorseshoemagnetisinserted(c)lengthoftherodisincreased.

12.Whatistheprincipleofelectricmotor?Statethefunctionof(a)splitring(b)fieldmagnet

usedinelectricmotor.

13.Statethreefactoronwhichmagneticfieldproducedbyacurrentcarryingsolenoid

depends.

14.Onwhatfactorsdoesthevalueofinducedcurrentinacircuitdepend?Name&statethe

ruleusedfordeterminationofdirectionofinducedcurrent.Stateoneapplicationofthis

phenomenonineverydaylife.

CBSETESTPAPER-01 CLASS-XScience(ChemicalReactionsandEquations) [ANSWERS] Ans01.(d) Ans02.(c) Ans03.(c) Ans04.(b) Ans05.(c)

CBSETESTPAPER-01

CLASS-XScience(ChemicalReactionsandEquations)

[ANSWERS]

Ans01.(d)

Ans02.(c)

Ans03.(c)

Ans04.(b)

Ans05.(c)

Ans06.(i)Magneticlinesofforceareclosedcontinuouscurves.

(ii)ThedirectionofmagneticfieldlinesisfromNorthpoletosouthpoleoutsidethemagnet.

Ans.07Acompassneedleisasmallmagnetitself&hencewhenbroughtnearabarmagnetit

interactswiththemagneticfieldofthebarmagnet,asaresultitshowsdefelction.

Ans08.

Ans08. Parallelmagneticfieldlinesrepresentuniformmagneticfield.

Parallelmagneticfieldlinesrepresentuniformmagneticfield.

Ans09.Twowaysofinducingcurrentinacoilare:

(i)Bymovingabarmagnettowardorawayfromthecoil.

(ii)Byplacingacoilnearanothercoilconnectedacrossabattery.

Ans10.Earthwillactsasasafetydevice.Whenlivewiretouchesthemetallicappliancethen

electriccurrentflowsthroughcastlingtotheearthinsteadofhumanbodyandthuswe

preventourselvesfromgettingshock.Itisnecessarytoearthmetalliccasingoftheappliance

becauseitsavestheelectricalappliancefromburningandpreventusfromelectricshock.

Ans11.ForceactingoncurrentcarryingconductorF=BIL

(a)WhenIincrease,Falsoincreaseshencedisplacementoftherodincreases.

(b)Whenastrongerhorseshoemagnetisinserted,magneticfieldBincreases.SoforceF increase.Hencedisplacementincreases.

(b)Whenastrongerhorseshoemagnetisinserted,magneticfieldBincreases.SoforceF

increase.Hencedisplacementincreases.

(c)WhenIincrease,forceincreasesandhencedisplacementincreases.

Ans12.Electricmotorworksontheprinciplethatacurrentcarryingconductorplaced

perpendiculartoamagneticfieldexperiencesaforce.

(i)Splitring–Itreversesthedirectionofcurrentinthearmatureandthusdirectionofforce

isalsoreserved.Asaresult,dcmotorcontinuestorotateinsamedirection.

(ii)Fieldmagnet–Itprovidesstrongmagneticfield.

Ans13.Factorsonwhichthemagneticfieldproducedinacurrentcarryingconductordepend

on:

(1)Thestrengthofthecurrentflowingthroughthesolenoid.

(2)No.ofturnsofthewireofthesolenoid.

(3)Natureofthematerialinsidesolenoid.

Ans.14.Thevalueofinducedcurrentdependson:

1.Thenumberofturnsinthecoil

2.Thestrengthofmagneticfield

3.Thespeedoftherotationofcoil.

Flemming'srighthandthumbruleisusedfordeterminationofdirectionofinducedcurrent.

Itstatesthatwhenwestretchtheforefinger,middlefinger&thethumboftherighthand

suchthattheyareperpendiculartoeachother,theforefingerindicatesthedirectionofthe

magneticfield,thethumbshowsthedirectionofmotionoftheconductor,thenthemiddle

fingershowsthedirectionofinducedcurrent.

ApplicationofthisphenomenonineverydaylifeisElectricGenerator,inwhichelectric

currentisinducedbyrotatingacoilinsideamagneticfield.