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# Sistema 3 geradores e 3

barras
Transitória

Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Sistema 3 geradores e 3 barras
Pm=2.49
j0.088
1
j0.26
M=0.053

1.5+j0.45
3 j0.015
Pm=8.20

j0.46

12.4+j2.5 M=0.318
Pm=4.21
j0.05 j0.0806

M=0.079
2 Cenário: Um curto-circuito ocorre na linha
1.0+j0.3 1-2 muito perto da barra 2. O curto é

Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Fluxo de Carga
o
1 θ1
Pg=2.49

j0.26
Θ1=15º
−j3.846
Θ2=15º
1.5+j0.45
3 o
1 0 Pg3=8.20 pu
j0.46
−j2.174

o 12.4+j2.5
1 θ2

Pg=4.21 j0.0806
−j12.41
− j 6.02 j 2.174 j 3.846 
YBUS =  j 2.174 − j14.58 j12.407 
2
1.0+j0.3  j 3.846 j12.407 − j16.25
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Convertendo Cargas em Impedância Constante
o
1 15
S L* PL − jQL 1
YL = 2
= 2
Pg=2.49

V V j0.26
−j3.846
o
1.5 − j 0.45 1.5−j0.45 3 1 0
YL1 = 2
= 1.5 − j 0.45 Pg=8.20
1 j0.46
−j2.174
1.0 − j 0.3
YL 2 = 2
= 1.0 − j 0.3 1 15
o 12.4−j2.5
1
Pg=4.21 j0.0806
12.4 − j 2.5 −j12.41
YL 3 = 2
= 12.4 − j 2.5
1 2
1.0−j0.3

## 1.5 − j 6.47 j 2.174 j 3.846 

YBUSL = YBUS + YL =  j 2.174 1.0 − j14.88 j12.407 
 j 3.846 j12.407 12.4 − j18.75
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
n
I1 = (1.5 − j 6.47)1∠15o + ( j 2.174)1∠15o + ( j 3.846)1∠0o
I Gi = ∑ YBUSLij E j
j =1 I1 = 2.565∠1.98o
1 15 o
j0.088 1
Pg=2.49
−j11.364 j0.26
−j3.846
E δ1 o
G1
1.5−j0.45 3 1 0
j0.015
j0.46 Pg=8.20
' −j2.174 −j66.7
EGi = E i + I Gi jx d
E G3 δ 3
o 12.4−j2.5
1 15
j0.05
j0.0806
Pg=4.21 −j12.41
−j20
E
G2 δ2 2
1.0−j0.3
EG1 = 1.073∠26.8o
EG 2 = 1.057∠26.5o
EG1 = 1∠15o + 2.565∠1.98o 0.088∠90o EG 3 = 1.053∠6,71o
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Falta 1 15 o
j0.088 1
Pg=2.49
−j11.364 j0.26
−j3.846
E G1 δ 1
o
1.5−j0.45 3 1 0
j0.015
j0.46 Pg=8.20
−j2.174 −j66.7
E δ3
G3
o 12.4−j2.5
1 15
j0.05
j0.0806
Pg=4.21 −j12.41
−j20
E G2 δ 2 2
1.0−j0.3
− j11.36 0 0 j11.36 0 0 
 0 − j 20 0 0 j 20 0 
 
~  0 0 − j 66.7 0 0 j 66.7 
YBUS = 
 j11 . 36 0 0 1 . 5 − j17 . 83 j 2 . 174 j 3 . 846 
 0 j 20 0 j 2.174 1.0 − j 34.88 j12.41 
 
 0 0 j 66.7 j3.846 j12.41 12.4 − j85.4
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
1 15 o
j0.088 1
Pg=2.49
−j11.364 j0.26
−j3.846
E δ1 o
G1
1.5−j0.45 3 1 0
j0.015
j0.46 Pg=8.20
−j2.174 −j66.7
E G3 δ 3
o 12.4−j2.5
1 15
j0.05
j0.0806
Pg=4.21 −j12.41
−j20
E G2 δ 2 2
Curto−Circuito

1.0−j0.3
 − j11.36 0 0 j11.36 0 0 
 0 − j 20 0 0 0 0 
 
 0 0 − j 66.7 0 0 j 66.7 
Y%BUS = 
 j11.36 0 0 1.5 − j17.83 0 j 3.846 
 0 0 0 0 1.0 0 
 
 0 0 j 66.7 j 3.846 0 12.4 − j85.4 
Modelo Falta
 − j11.36 0 0 j11.36 0 0 
 0 − j 20 0 0 0 0 
 
 0 0 − j 66.7 0 0 j 66.7 
Y%BUS = 
 j11.36 0 0 1.5 − j17.83 0 j 3.846 
 0 0 0 0 1.0 0 
 
 0 0 j 66.7 j 3.846 0 12.4 − j 8 5 . 4 

## 0.62 − j 4.11 0 0.43 + j1.85 

Yredf =  0 − j 20 0 

 0.43 + j1.85 0 7.58 − j15.25

δ&1 = ω1
0.053ω&1 = 2.49 − 1.0732 × 0.62 − 2.09 sin(δ1 − δ 3 ) − 0.485cos(δ1 − δ 3 )
δ& = ω
2 2

0.079ω& 2 = 4.21
δ& = ω
3 3

## 0.318ω& 3 = 8.20 − 1.0532 × 8.61 − 2.06sin(δ 3 − δ1 ) − 0.48cos(δ 3 − δ1 )

Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
j0.088 1
Pg=2.49
−j11.364 j0.26
−j3.846
E δ1
G1
1.5−j0.45 3 j0.015
Pg=8.20
−j66.7
E δ3
G3
12.4−j2.5
j0.05
j0.0806
Pg=4.21 −j12.41
−j20
E
G2 δ2 2
1.0−j0.3

 − j11.36 0 0 j11.36 0 0 
 0 − j 20 0 0 j 20 0 
 
 0 0 − j 66.7 0 0 j 66.7 
Y%BUS = 
 j11.36 0 0 1.5 − j15.65 0 j 3.846 
 0 j 20 0 0 1.0 − j 32.71 j12.41 
 
 0 0 j 66.7 j 3.846 j12.41 12.4 − j85.4 
Modelo Pós-Falta
 − j11.36 0 0 j11.36 0 0 
 0 − j 20 0 0 j 20 0 
 
 0 0 − j 66.7 0 0 j 66.7 
Y%BUS = 
 j11.36 0 0 1.5 − j15.65 0 j 3.846 
 0 j 20 0 0 1.0 − j 32.71 j12.41 
 
 0 0 j 66.7 j 3.846 j12.41 12.4 − j85.4 

## 8.605 − j12.32 0.573 + j 2.22 1.167 + j 6.149 

pf
Yred =  0.573 + j 2.22 0.815 − j 3.103 0.073 + j 0.250
1.167 + j 6.149 0.073 + j 0.250 0.528 − j 7.087 

δ&1 = ω1
0.053ω&1 = 2.49 − 1.0732 × 0.82 − 0.28 sin(δ1 − δ 2 ) − 0.078 cos(δ1 − δ 2 ) − 2.47 sin(δ1 − δ 3 ) − 0.63 cos(δ1 − δ 3 )
δ& = ω
2 2

0.079ω& 2 = 4.21 − 1.057 2 × 0.53 − 0.28 sin(δ 2 − δ1 ) − 0.078 cos(δ 2 − δ1 ) − 6.84 sin(δ 2 − δ 3 ) − 1.29 cos(δ 2 − δ 3 )
δ& = ω
3 3

0.318ω& 3 = 8.20 − 1.0532 × 8.61 − 2.47 sin(δ 3 − δ1 ) − 0.63 cos(δ 3 − δ1 ) − 6.84 sin(δ 3 − δ 2 ) − 1.29 cos(δ 3 − δ 2 )
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Simulação – Um caso estável
1600

1400

1200

1000
delta(graus)

800

600

400

200

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
tempo(s)

tab=194ms
Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo
Simulação – Um caso instável
2500

2000

1500
delta(graus)

1000

500

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
tempo(s)

tab=196ms

Prof. Luís Fernando Costa Alberto – Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos – Universidade de São Paulo