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Exercise 1.

Calculation of removal efficiency for a primary sedimentation


basin
Determine the removal efficiency for a sedimentation tank with a critical overflow velocity of 2 m 3/m2 h
containing particles whose settling velocities are tabulated:

Settling velocity m/h Number of particles per liter -5

0.0-0.5 30
0.5-1.0 50
1.0-1.5 90
1.5-2.0 110
2.0-2.5 100
2.5-3.0 70
3.0-3.5 30
3.5-4.0 20
Total 500

Plot the particle histogram for the influent and effluent wastewater.
Exercise 1. Solution

1. Create a table for calculating the percentage removal for each particle size.

1. Settling 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
velocity Average Number of Fraction of Number of Particles
range, m/h settling particles in particles particles remaining
velocity, removed in effluent,
m/h 10-5 10-5 -5

Enter the particle settling velocity ranges in column (1).


Solution
Solution
(1) Settling (2) Average (3) Number of (4) Fraction of (5) Number of (6) Particles
velocoty range, settling particles in particles particles remaining in
m/h velocity, m/h influent, x 10 -5 removed removed, x 10 -5 effluent, x 10 -5

0.0-0.5 0.25 30 0.125 3.75 26.25

0.5-1.0 0.75 50 0.375 18.75 31.25

1.0-1.5 1.25 90 0.625 56.25 33.75

1.5-2.0 1.75 110 0.875 96.0 14.0

2.0-2.5 2.25 100 1.000 100.0 0

2.5-3.0 2.75 70 1.000 70.0 0

3.0-3.5 3.25 30 1.000 30.0 0

3.5-4.0 3.75 20 1.000 20.0 0

Total 500 394.75 105.25

Calculation Exercise 1: Solution. Table.


Calculation Exercise 2
Design of a Primary Sedimentation Basin

Parameter a b
BOD 0.018 0.020
TSS 0.0075 0.014
Solution
Solution
Scour Velocity
Calculation Exercise