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Course Title: Reading and Writing

Topic/Lesson Name: Genre Forms, Text Features and Structures


Time Frame: 4 hours
Learning Competencies:
 Classify different texts according to genre and genre forms
 Recognize the generic features and structures of specific texts
 Identify the pattern of development used in a specific text
Specific Learning Outcomes:
1. Analysis Paper

ACTIVITY #1

Directions: Answer the following. Make sure to explain the following concepts and support
these with facts and theories if possible. Do not forget to cite properly and to express the
ideas in an organized and clear manner.

1. What is Genre?
A literary genre is a category of literary composition. Genres may be determined
by literary technique, tone, content, or even (as in the case of fiction) length. The
distinctions between genres and categories are flexible and loosely defined, often
with subgroups.

What is Prose? Prose is a form of language that exhibits a natural flow of


speech and grammatical structure rather than a rhythmic structure as in
traditional poetry, where the common unit of verse is based on meter or rhyme

2.1. What are the different forms of prose? Give its definition and provide relevant
examples.
Prose and poetry are the two main branches of written literature. The terms are actually
sort of difficult to define. Prose is that which is not poetry and poetry is that which is not
prose.

3. Supply the needed information on the following table.


Directions: List down the tittles of ten fictional and nonfictional prose forms.
FICTIONAL PROSE FORMS NONFICTIONAL PROSE FORM
1. The sleeper hit 1. Hunger
2. The uplifting war novel: “All The 2. The Rules Do Not Apply
Light We Cannot See” 3. Homo Deus
3. The exotic romance: “Circling the Sun 4. Killers of the Flower Moon
4 The The Oprah pick: “The 5. We Were Eight Years in Power
Underground Railroad” 6. What Happened
5.sleeper hit: “A Man Called Ove” 7. The Vanity Fair Diaries
6. The sporty heartwarmer: “The Boys 8. The Evangelicals,
in the Boat: Nine Americans and Their 9. The Meaning of Michelle
Epic Quest for Gold at the 1936 Berlin 10. Blind Spot
Olympics”
7. The adoption saga: “Orphan Train”
8. The status book: “Commonwealth”
9. The book club lovers’ book: “The
Book That Matters Most”
10. The perennial favorite: “Small Great
Things”

2. What is Poetry?
- Prose is ordinary language that follows regular grammatical conventions and does
not contain a formal metrical structure. This definition of prose is an example of
prose writing, as is most human conversation, textbooks, lectures, novels, short
stories, fairy tales, newspaper articles, and essays.
4.1. What are the different forms of poetry? Give its definition and provide relevant
examples.
1. Nonfictional Prose: A piece of writing based on fact . Examples include autobiographies.
Biographies and non-fiction essays.
2. Fictional prose: Imaginative writing. Examples include novels, parables, short stories,
and most drama.
3. Heroic prose: Writing base on the formulaic expression found in oral tradition.
Examples include legend and fables.

Examples :
1. The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins, is a prose novel.
2. "Cinderella" is a prose fairy tale.
3. "The Yellow Wallpaper" is a prose story by Charlotte Gilman Perkins.
4. "The State of the Union Address" is a prose speech delivered early in the year by the
sitting president of the United States.
5. "The Declaration of Independence" is a prose document signed by prominent American
colonists who wished no longer to be under British rule.

5. What is Drama literature : a composition (see composition 5a) in verse or prose intended
to portray life or character or to tell a story usually involving conflicts and emotions
through action and dialogue and typically designed for theatrical performance : playy
compare closet drama.
a movie or television production with characteristics (such as conflict) of a serious.

5.1. What are the different forms of drama? Give its definition and provide relevant
examples.
Let us consider a few popular types of drama:
 Comedy – Comedies are lighter in tone than ordinary works, and provide a happy
conclusion. The intention of dramatists in comedies is to make their audience
laugh. Hence, they use quaint circumstances, unusual characters, and witty remarks.
 Example: Never have more children than you have car windows. - Erma Bombeck

 Tragedy – Tragic dramas use darker themes, such as disaster, pain, and death.
Protagonists often have a tragic flaw — a characteristic that leads them to their
downfall.
Example: The play arouses emotions of pity and fear, and achieves the tragic
catharsis.

 Farce – Generally, a farce is a nonsensical genre of drama, which often overacts or


engages slapstick humor.
Example: Oscar Wilde’s play, The Importance of Being Earnest, is a very popular
example of Victorian farce. In this play, a man uses two identities: one as a serious
person, Jack (his actual name), which he uses for Cesily, his ward, and as a rogue
named Ernest for his beloved woman, Gwendolyn.

 Melodrama – Melodrama is an exaggerated drama, which is sensational and


appeals directly to the senses of the audience. Just like the farce, the characters are
of a single dimension and simple, or may be stereotyped.
Example: The Heiress is based on Henry James’ novel the Washington
Square. Directed for stage performance by William Wyler, this play shows an
ungraceful and homely daughter of a domineering and rich doctor. She falls in love
with a young man, Morris Townsend, and wishes to elope with him, but he leaves
her in the lurch. The author creates melodrama towards the end, when Catherine
teaches a lesson to Morris, and leaves him instead.

 Musical Drama – In musical dramas, dramatists not only tell their stories through
acting and dialogue, but through dance as well as music. Often the story may be
comedic, though it may also involve serious subjects.

Example: They attend lectures on the Wagnerian music drama.

1. She studied drama in college.


2. the dramas of teenage life
3. She watched the drama unfold as they began screaming at each other.
4. a competition full of drama
5. the drama of the courtroom proceedings

6. Define the following terms and provide relevant examples.


6.1. Literary Texts
A literary text is a piece of written material, such as a book or poem, that has the. Purpose
of telling a story or entertaining, as in a fictional novel. Its primary function as a. text is
usually aesthetic, but it may also contain political messages or beliefs.
 Example: fiction.
 nonfiction.
 manuscripts.
 poetry.
 contributions to collective works.
 compilations of data or other literary subject matter.
 dissertations.

6.2. Informational Texts


Informational text is a subset of the larger category of nonfiction (Duke & Bennett-
Armistead, 2003). Its primary purpose is to inform the reader about the natural or social
world. Different from fiction, and other forms of nonfiction, informational text does not
utilize characters.
Example: It is important to understand that simply being classified as nonfictional is not
enough to make information.

6.2.1. Consumer Documents


Consumer documents" means the aggregate of the following documents: the reverter deed,
note, and the deed of trust. A consumer document shall be deemed one of the consumer
documents.
6.2.2. Public Documents
Document issued or published for public knowledge.
Document (such as court records, land deeds, and public registers) authenticated by a
public officer and made available for public reference and use. Statements by public officers
in such documents in their official capacity are admissible evidence of fact in civil matters.
Also called public record

6.2.3. Workplace Documents


The Workplace Documents assessment measures skills that individuals use when they
read real workplace documents and use that information to make job-related decisions
and solve problems. The documents include messages, emails, letters, directions, signs,
bulletins, policies, websites, contracts, and regulations.

6.2.4. Textbooks
Whether you're a student (or a parent) looking for a great deal on a textbook, or an adult
interested in some of the bestselling books read and taught in schools and universities, look
no further than our Textbook category
6.2.5. Newspaper Articles
1. Title
2. Lead paragraph
3. Byline
4. Body of text
5. Subheading
6. Statement
1. Girl Injured at Handball Match
2. In the very last minute of the finale at , two girls collided as they were rushing back to
defend their goal. The match had been fast paced and the players were giving it all. One of
the girls broke her arm in the collision.

3. By Jim Martins

4 (body continues down).


Billingham Handball Cup
Opphavsmann: Sergio chi? Ganzo!!! “It was just an accident. Of course, it’s sad when these
things happen, but she’ll be back in a few months. When I talked to her she was actually
laughing about it all,” says team manager Jane Renton.

A doctor at the arena that took care of the injured player immediately.

7. What are text features? Provide examples.


Text features include all the components of a story or article that are not the main body
of text. These include the table of contents, index, glossary, headings, bold words, sidebars,
pictures and captions, and labeled diagrams. ... The content of a text is what we want
students to learn.
- For example, an index is an often exhaustive list of specific subjects and their locations
in the text and usually follows the main body of the text.
8. What are text structures? Provide examples.
- Text structure refers to the ways that authors organize information in text. Teaching
students to recognize the underlying structure of content-area texts can help students
focus attention on key concepts and relationships, anticipate what's to come, and monitor
their comprehension as they read.

Text Structure Definition/Example


This type of text structure features a detailed description of
something to give the reader a mental picture.
Description
EXAMPLE: A book may tell all about whales or describe what the
geography is like in a particular region.
This structure presents the causal relationship between an specific
event, idea, or concept and the events, ideas, or concept that follow.
Cause and Effect
EXAMPLE: Weather patterns could be described that explain why a
big snowstorm occurred.
This type of text examines the similarities and differences between
two or more people, events, concepts, ideas, etc.
Comparison/Contrast
EXAMPLE: A book about ancient Greece may explain how the
Spartan women were different from the Athenian women.
Order/Sequence This text structure gives readers a chronological of events or a list
of steps in a procedure.

Example: A book about the American revolution might list the


events leading to the war. In another book, steps involved in
harvesting blue crabs might be told.
This type of structure sets up a problem or problems, explains the
solution, and then discusses the effects of the solution.

Dr. Ball is one of the nation's leading scholars conducting research


on educational linguistics, urban education and the preparation of
Problem-Solution
teachers who have the skills, knowledge and dispositions needed to
make a difference in the educational lives of poor, underachieving
and historically marginalized students in transnational contexts.

9. What is pattern of development?


Cause and Effect details why something happens, what causes it, what are the effects and
how it is related to something else.
Classification and Division groups items into their parts or types.
Compare and Contrast tells how something is like other things or how something is
different from other things.
Definition explains what something is in comparison to other members of its class, along
with any limitations.
Description details what something looks like and its characteristics.
Exemplification provides typical cases or examples of something.
Narration describes what, when, and where something happened.
Persuasion describes an issue and your position or opinion on the subject.
Process explains how something happened, how it works or how it is made

9.1. What are the different types of organizational patterns?

Patterns of Organization

 Chronological Patterns.

 Sequential Patterns.

 Spatial Patterns.

 Compare-Contrast Patterns.

 Advantages- Disadvantages Patterns.

 Cause-Effect Patterns.

 Problem-Solution Patterns.

 Topical Patterns. The link between clear, logical organization and effective
communication is powerful, both for the "sender" and the "receiver.