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( - 4 ; from the class and have a

`q, ; discussion. To encourage


you could ask students to 7 As
.; ,

-
---ther or not they would have sente
ar by a show of hands.
-1-,
corre
4? c °In]
Listen ing you
6 Ask students to listen to the two people
:riva
talking about electric cars, and note the
adje
reasons they mention for and against.
exe
Elicit answers from the whole class.
ind
wit
ANSWERS
inf(
For: cleaner, efficient engine
the
Against: expensive
vv

10 Ask students to complete the giA


paragraph individually, then compare in
answers with a partner. Elicit the cl,
answers as complete sentences from ui
the text. th
w
—No ANSWERS
a
I most popular 5 better
2 The largest 6 more popular
g
3 the fastest 7 most expensive
4 biggest 8 later — 1
4
1/4

Speaking and writing


11 Decide on the best way to do this
exercise according to the number of ti
students in your class; with a small
they remember the answers from
the audio. Then play the audio
again for them to check and write
their answers. They can check
their answers with a partner
before you discuss them with the
whole cia ss

ANSWE
I wecici n
2 transported soldiers, carried wood
3 tourists and people on special
occasions
4 cut trees
5 not 35 heavy and noisy as trucks

Grammar
4 Ask students to read the ts,K.O.A471

sentence and answer the questions.


Elicit answers from the class. Then
about the as...
ILA.) kJ a Li c13

In my opinion, it's
worse because
I agree ... cruel (adj)
pain to peo

ANSWERS
I They're slower than snowmobiles; they're
more environmentally friendly; they're
quieter; they make the journey more
enjoyable.
2 Fossible answers: because the race
is
1,049 miles long and it's very cold, and
because the dogs are made to pull heavy
weights.
3 Students' own answers

► Speaking
;• 11 Ask students to read the
Irv.% 11,101 1-111.1 4- C1
four
cr_ niin,s of
e-vy, r
. . . .
again and ask students to answer
the questions.

ANSWERS
The first steam train ran in 1853
2 No, but the longest journeys are
no more than one-day's walk.
3 His j019 is to make sure every inch
of track is in good condition.
Performance artists try to get
attention and money.
5 They talk, play games, and tell
stories.

5 Ask students to complete the


sentences with words from the
glossary.

ANSWERS
1 rush hour
2 impressive
3 employer
4 workforce
1
1
Grammar
Ask students to complete the
article with
the correct
form of the
adjectives.
ANSWERS
largest
2 worst
3 polluted
4 faster
5 better
6 best
7 popular
8 cleaner

2 Ask
students to work in pairs to
do this comparison task. It might
k c. E l i t ms ‘ -‘ 4-
▪ ▪
do this comparison task. It might
be useful to have some details
about neighboring countries
handy for them to check.

lodents to complete the


with transportation
*WM
aim
ANSWERS
1 commute
2 rush
3 jam
4 limit
5 pedestrian
6 ferry

4 Students complete the sentences


with a preposition.

Real life
5 Ask students to order the lines
of the conversation to make a
41% A ■ ,11- e-%
Oar' A_ -L. L., Nh. L." II. %et. yrs. i a yr III V

0 INF... M.

list of irregular verbs and then find


the simple past forms in the text.
6 Ask students to complete the
text individually and then compare
answers with a partner. Elicit the
answers by having them read
complete sentences.

ANSWERS
2 studied 6 didn't want
3 didn't become 7 went
4 loved 8 took
5 got

questionsandthenanswerthemindividualy;theycanthencheck
7 Ask students to read the
with a partner. Elicit the answers
by having different students ask
T
11111111.„
i
e their ideas.

th the rest of the class and


SAMPLE ANSWERS
A close friend is reliable because you know
you will always have their help and support.
A language learner should be patient and
determined because it takes time to learn
a language well.
A news photographer i5 decisive because they
need to move quickly to get important photos.
A president is ambitious and determined to
get to such an important position.
An athlete needs to be determined to do well.
A TV presenter is decisive because he needs
to be able to make quick decisions.
vertical,
in mid-air - Ided in the air
a crevasse a deep crack in the ice
4.5.16.4 S A 0 AN A95. 4Wo AV saw

2 Ask students to think about the


two questions and read the text to
find the answers.

ANSWERS
C

'I Yates decided to cut the rope, C

letting Simpson fall, in order to


save himself
2 Simpson decided to lower himself
to the bottom of the crevasse
and try and find a way out.

50
I three days later; at the last second; in
1 988; in the middle of the night; at 4 in
the afternoon; in \/lay 1985
Simpson's decision to go down to
the bottom of the crevasse.

Vocabulary
7 Ask students to complete the
rules individually, then check with
a partner. Elicit the answers from
the whole class.

ANSWERS
4
1 in
2 on
3 at
4 in, on, at

- 1 , , O rsi z , U , Uni lf1 0/ , 111 ,1 1 ,1 -0 , 12


n ( , ) ( 1 1 7 .0I .71 . 0 . 11 , 011 . 4 U . 5 4 , ,

Extra activity
Ask students to choose the right
preposition to complete the
following expressions:
1 _________ January
2 __________ Monday
the pnci

,jets to read the


- ref ally to enable them
to focus their listening. Clarify the
meaning of any vocabulary they
are unsure of.

ANSWERS
I bad
2 early Saturday morning
3 near a garage, a mechanic
4 it was getting dark
5 it started to rain
6 a hotel clown the road
fiThiew,,,,,,,,,,,,,offmfm tpfflopopmvpm ,~NpfyferenoperuptiOtllfterwmilagehtmworom p ifiwPONoWt hifhiROCUIPOWneafava....irniMiragre ■irpreg,

2 Ask students to read the


dialogue and complete the gaps
with words that they think are
correct. (This is good practice
for using context to understand
words.) Then play the audio for
them to check their ideas.
1
1
.
.
)
,
A
0
1

2 As students to read the


dialogue and complete the gaps
with words that they think are
correct. (This is good practice
for using context to understand
words.) Then play the audio for
them to check their
ideas.

ANSWERS 52

First
2 Fortunately
3 when
I 4 After
Pro!
5 finally 4 PL
6 Unfortunately time
7 in, the end Then
8 Sounds great
expn
chor.
then
3 Read through the box with the
class, and make sure that they 5A
understand the sections and the read
examples. Then ask them to write for is
the expressions from Exercise 2 M N I
- 7 - "" •-• I n"

from the island of Atafu in ( a small boat.

5 Ask students to rewrite the sentences


using the adverbs, then compare their
answers with a partner. Elicit answers
from the whole class.

ANSWERS
2 The sun was brightly shining.
3 The man quickly jumped...
4 ...one them suddenly slipped.
5 Fortunately, Riu had an umbrella.
6 The Amazon river was amazingly
long...
7 They slowly walked back.
8 ...but eventually they found the road again.

6 Read the instructions with the class.


You can also add that the story can be
ri) ;mop/ a tnick string used for tying things
(adj) Pstetholl not likely to fall or move in the wrong

(a dj ) n ' s e t t da n ge r ou s

Unit 4 Adventure

7 Elicit
ideas from the
class to answer
the question.

ANSWER
They are confident and experienced.

8 Students work in pairs


to discuss th
questions.
4.

students to read the


extlrd complete it
with the
simple past form of
the verbs in
parentheses.

SAMPLE
ANSWERS
1 met
2 took
7 wasn't
3 didn't fly
4 went 8 became
5 visited 9 traveled
6 g ot 10 wanted
11 bought

2 Ask students to use the


prompts to write questions about
the people in Exercise 2, then take
turnss•
askingiollicli answering the