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ARTS 210 CRITICAL THINKING & PROBLEM SOLVING. Assignment One 3/11/2017, 4:15 PM GENDER IDENTITY REPORT

ARTS 210 CRITICAL THINKING & PROBLEM SOLVING. Assignment One

210 CRITICAL THINKING & PROBLEM SOLVING. Assignment One 3/11/2017, 4:15 PM GENDER IDENTITY REPORT By Paul
3/11/2017, 4:15 PM GENDER IDENTITY REPORT By Paul J A Sullivan. Student ID: 614256 Abstract
3/11/2017, 4:15 PM
GENDER IDENTITY REPORT
By Paul J A Sullivan.
Student ID: 614256
Abstract

The reason for this report, the individual’s journey of transitioning towards his or her desired gender rising issues will be looking in to why transgender teens and adults take their own lives and reason or the causes and why.

1

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 T ABLE OF C ONTENTS Page 1 of 13

Page 1 of 13

2 INTRODUCTION

2

2.1 The Purpose Of This Report

2

2.2 Issues To Be Discussed And Their Significance

2

3 Research Methods

2

4 QUESTIONS

2

4.1 Questionable Issues 3 5 POINTS OF VIEW 4 6 ASSUMPTIONS 5 7 INFERENCES 5
4.1
Questionable Issues
3
5 POINTS OF VIEW
4
6 ASSUMPTIONS
5
7 INFERENCES
5
8 CONCEPTS
5
8.1 The definition of transgender
5
8.2 The laws that each person has
6
9 IMPLICATIONS
7
10 Treatments
8
10.1 Gender reassignment surgery
8
10.2 Hormone Injections
9
10.3 Hormone
pills
9
11 Transition Completed
11
11.1 Male to Female
11
11.2 Female to Male
11
12 Conclusion
12
13 References
13
13.1
Other Related Sources
13
14
Appendices
13

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

2

INTRODUCTION

2 INTRODUCTION Page 2 of 13

Page 2 of 13

2.1 THE PURPOSE OF THIS REPORT

The purpose of this report is to prevent further psychological depression by having treatments, which may include surgery.

2.2 ISSUES TO BE DISCUSSED AND THEIR SIGNIFICANCE

Teenage and adult trans genders taking their own lives? One percentage is caused from being
Teenage and adult trans genders taking their own lives? One percentage is caused
from being bullied, and the other percentage is caused by being on the surgical
waiting list.
3 RESEARCH METHODS
Literature in Google scholar, online journals, essays, online journals, websites and
Doctors findings.
4 QUESTIONS
What hormone treatments the individual will receive?
How long will the hormone treatments take effect?
What type of gender reassignment surgery is performed?
What is transgender?
What is the science data of gender identity disorder?
What information a transgender male or female individual will receive?

They will receive all information that is relevant to his or her needs.

How much will cost? Depends on the individual needs, can range between NZD$10,000. - $50,000.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

4.1 QUESTIONABLE ISSUES

4.1 Q UESTIONABLE I SSUES Page 3 of 13 In the Indian Journal of Psychological Article

Page 3 of 13

In the Indian Journal of Psychological Article 2016 about transgender persons

having Behaviour that has been identified as Suicidal and committing Suicide

According to H. G. Virupaksha, Daliboyina Muralidhar, and Jayashree

Ramakrishna, their findings conclude the rates of suicide attempts amongst transgender persons are significantly higher
Ramakrishna, their findings conclude the rates of suicide attempts amongst
transgender persons are significantly higher than the general population
internationally. In India, thirty one percent have taken their life, compared to fifty
percent have attempted suicide before turning the age of twenty. (Virupaksha,
Muralidhar and Ramakrishna, 2016)
On NZ Herald news website, Psychotherapist Kyle MacDonald asked in his 2nd
March 2017 article -Why transgender youth suicide rates in New Zealand are so
high? MacDonald (2017) explains we have a growing understanding to accept an
individual's equals rights to express their gender identity in any shape or form
they choose. MacDonald (2017) also admits when it comes to understanding
transgender and sexuality, Psychotherapy and psychology has been lacking
these issues. (MacDonald, 2017)
Suicide rate for Gender Dysphoria people is 1 in 5, compared to main stream is
1 in 20.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

Page 4 of 13 1. Figure 1 Teenage transgender suicide data , New Zealand 5

Page 4 of 13

1. Figure 1 Teenage transgender suicide data , New Zealand 5 POINTS OF VIEW The
1. Figure 1 Teenage transgender suicide data , New Zealand
5 POINTS OF VIEW
The pros and cons of other people’s Points of view.
They see themselves as the true gender, the opposite to the gender he or she
was born with.
Someone in my class (can not be named due to privacy laws) who is transgender
male, (or trans-male, for short) in his point of view he stressed to me the word
‘Transgender’ is offensive and should not used. So, in his case, I can only assume
he prefers to be identified as Trans-Masculine (female to male).

And only the term Gender Dysphoria (formerly- Gender Identity Disorder) should be allowed.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

6

ASSUMPTIONS

6 ASSUMPTIONS Page 5 of 13

Page 5 of 13

The transgender individual’s family and friend’s acceptance. What will be the end results?

7 INFERENCES

Having further psychological depression if the individual transgender does not receive hormone treatment. The only
Having further psychological depression if the individual transgender does not
receive hormone treatment.
The only Inferences will be from people and religious groups who are against
such matters.
8 CONCEPTS
8.1 THE DEFINITION OF TRANSGENDER.
In the NEW YORK (Reuters) Article ‘Born This Way? Researchers Investigate the
Science of Gender Identity’ By Daniel Trotta, the reporter has stated geneticists
within a group of five research institutions in five countries, studying a most important
research project an attempt to unravel gender identity by investigating a transgender
individual’s DNA for signs whether or not transgender people really are "Born that
way". (Trotta, 2017)

Genetics. deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely long macromolecule that is the main component of chromosomes and is the material that transfers genetic characteristics in all life forms, constructed of two nucleotide strands coiled around each other in a ladder like arrangement with the sidepieces composed of alternating phosphate and deoxyribose units and the rungs composed of the purine and pyrimidine bases adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine: the genetic information of DNA is encoded in the sequence of the bases and is transcribed as the strands unwind and replicate.The set of nongenetic traits, qualities, or features that characterize a person or thing.

source: dictionary DNA followed by Genetic code

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

Page 6 of 13 A transgender is either male or female. The definitions Of Trans-Masculine

Page 6 of 13

A transgender is either male or female.

The definitions Of Trans-Masculine is Female to Male. And Trans-Femme is Male to Female.

8.2 THE LAWS THAT EACH PERSON HAS RIGHTS.

The Human Rights Commission report that was published in January 2008 titled To Be Who
The Human Rights Commission report that was published in January 2008
titled To Be Who I am (Maori- Kia noho au ki tōku anō ao) the report is an inquiry
about transgender persons who have experienced discrimination
The Inquiry was conducted under Section 5(2) (h) of the Human Rights Act
1993 by which the Commission may:
“inquire generally into any matter, including any enactment or law, or any
practice, or any procedure, whether governmental or non-governmental, if it
appears to the Commission that the matter involves, or may involve, the
infringement of human rights”.
Terms of Reference
1.
The Commission will inquire into:
(a)
the nature and extent of discrimination experienced by transgender
people
(b)
The accessibility of public health services to transgender people
(incorporating the minimum core obligations of both the primary and
secondary health services, including, but not limited to, gender reassignment
services)
(c) The barriers faced by transgender people when attempting to gain full
legal recognition of their gender status.

2. To consider, as a result of these inquiry processes, whether to make

recommendations on:

(a)

Changes to legislation, regulations, policies and practices

(b)

Other steps required to reduce the level of marginalisation experienced

by transgender people.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

Page 7 of 13 The data for the report was composed from many Gender Dysphoria

Page 7 of 13

The data for the report was composed from many Gender Dysphoria people from

different ages, the youngest aged eleven and the oldest aged late seventies, and

(not excluding) from all walks of life. Such as tradespeople, managers, sew workers,

health professionals and many other occupations. Some gender dysphoria people

like to referred to them self’s in many ways, such as a cross-dresser, transsexuals, trans-Femme
like to referred to them self’s in many ways, such as a cross-dresser, transsexuals,
trans-Femme (male to female), trans-Masculine (female to male) and androgynous
gender queer people. While others just wanted to be preferred as a man or woman.
(Human Rights Commission, 2008)
9 IMPLICATIONS
A person’s gender by birth implication of immediate changes to transition to their
correct gender will surprise their family and friends.
In some cases, a transgender person may become disown or unwanted by some
of his or her family member(s), also some friends.
(from Outline, my words)
From an early childhood, that young person’s idea of his or her true gender
based on external and internal factors. If that person was born female, but has
more male chromosomes, this means she is a tomboy, and she’s feels she
was born the wrong gender, meant to be a male, in other words

transmasculine. The same also applies to a baby born who has female

chromosomes, and feels he was meant to be female, meaning TransFemme.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

10 TREATMENTS

10 T REATMENTS Page 8 of 13

Page 8 of 13

10.1 GENDER REASSIGNMENT SURGERY

During my research of my topic report, I discovered from NZ Government of Heath website - www.health.govt.nz. Information about Gender reassignment surgery which clearly states, there are four phases the individual must go through after he or she has been diagnosed with Gender Identity Disorder, his or her readiness for the operation.

Phase one: Real life experience of preferred gender. Phase two: hormones treatment of preferred gender.
Phase one: Real life experience of preferred gender.
Phase two: hormones treatment of preferred gender.
Phase three: Surgery to perform change of individual’s genitalia and including
other physical characteristics, and
Phase four: Monitoring of Post-transition.
Both Phase one and two can be performed at the same time during transitioning.
This may include other surgeries such as breast and hip Enhancement/Removal
which are achievable at almost any local cosmetic surgery clinic.
The NZ Ministry of Health only fund three surgeries every year (And yet there are
one hundred people on the waiting list each year) but for the gender reassignment
surgery now gets referred to overseas public hospital like in Thailand by your general
practitioner (Doctor) or and specialists, but this may take longer to get a referral.
compared with receiving plastic surgery from private hospitals & specialists are or
can be very expensive, but you will receive the same care and treatment a lot
sooner.

Adam Dudding mentioned in his (2014) stuff news article Dr Peter Walker aged 72 after 22 years was New Zealand’s only gender reassignment surgeon, retired in 2014. (Dudding, 2014)

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

Page 9 of 13 10.2 H ORMONE I NJECTIONS It may be true that hormone

Page 9 of 13

10.2 HORMONE INJECTIONS

It may be true that hormone injections from your local GP/ Doctor are more effective than hormone pills. However, a percentage of trans-people seem able to obtain hormone injections on the black market for a lot cheaper, but for a high risk of illnesses by sharing needles.

According to an ABC News Article ‘Why some Transgender Woman who wish to transition are using Black Market Drugs’ dated 10 th May 2016 By Olivia Smith and Justine Quart. Smith & Quart (2016) story is about one such person a 18 year old trans-woman named Ivana Black, who travelled one hundred miles to sit on a couch in a strangers home of a woman who lived there, trusting and putting her life in the strangers hands, Quart waiting for her shot which she paid USD$40. Advance it is one of many risks someone like Ivana Black will take of getting an illness like HIV, Ivana Black now lives as a woman today. (Smith & Quart, 2016)

10.3 HORMONE PILLS They are many websites were trans-people able to purchase Hormone pills online
10.3 HORMONE PILLS
They are many websites were trans-people able to purchase Hormone pills online
without a subscription Male to Female Testosterone blocker (taken first)

2. Figure 2 Testosterone blocker

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

Page 10 of 13 3. Figure 3 Oestrogen Booster Breast Female to Male Testosterone (pictured)

Page 10 of 13

3. Figure 3 Oestrogen Booster Breast Female to Male Testosterone (pictured) and others are not
3. Figure 3 Oestrogen Booster Breast
Female to Male
Testosterone (pictured) and others are not subscribed like muscle enhancers/
development.
4. Figure 4 Testosterone
https://www.supplements.co.nz/products/balance-tribulus-20-000-60caps

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

11 TRANSITION COMPLETED

11 T RANSITION C OMPLETED Page 11 of 13

Page 11 of 13

11.1 MALE TO FEMALE

Name: Sona Avedian. A former US Marine named Matthew

5. Figure 5 Male to female, Photographer: Claudia Gonzalez 11.2 FEMALE TO MALE Name: Ashenal
5. Figure 5 Male to female, Photographer: Claudia Gonzalez
11.2 FEMALE TO MALE
Name: Ashenal

6. Figure 6 Female to Male, Photographer: Claudia Gonzalez

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

12 CONCLUSION

12 C ONCLUSION Page 12 of 13

Page 12 of 13

My conclusion is what all transgender peoples journey, What type of treatments they

receive what they put up with such as being bulled, discrimination to taking his or her

own life, also other reasons or the causes such as delays the rising issues will be

looking in too why we still have a long waiting list.
looking in too why we still have a long waiting list.

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256

13 REFERENCES

13 R EFERENCES Page 13 of 13

Page 13 of 13

DUDDING, A. (2014, October 26). NZ's only sex change surgeon retires. Retrieved

Human Rights Commission [Ed] (January 2008) ISBN: 978-0-478-28643-4

https://www.hrc.co.nz/your-rights/social-equality/our-work/inquiry-discrimination- experienced-transgender-people/
https://www.hrc.co.nz/your-rights/social-equality/our-work/inquiry-discrimination-
experienced-transgender-people/
MacDonald, K. [ psychotherapist], (2017) Why are New Zealand's suicide rates so
high among transgender youth. NZ Herald ,
http://www.nzherald.co.nz/lifestyle/news/article.cfm?c_id=6&objectid=11810387
Trotta, D. (2017) Born This Way? Researchers Explore the Science of Gender
Identity. US News,
https://www.usnews.com/news/news/articles/2017-08-03/born-
this-way-researchers-explore-the-science-of-gender-identity
Virupaksha, H. G., Muralidhar, D., & Ramakrishna, J. (2016). Suicide and Suicidal
Behavior among Transgender Persons. Indian Journal of Psychological
Medicine, 38(6), 505–509. http://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.194908
13.1 OTHER RELATED SOURCES
NZ Ministry of Health - Gender reassignment surgery (no author), (2014),.
http://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/hospitals-and-specialist-care/high-cost-treatment-
pool/gender-reassignment-surgery
14 APPENDICES
1.
Figure 1 Teenage transgender suicide data , New Zealand
4

2. Figure 2 Testosterone blocker

9

3. Figure 3 Oestrogen Booster Breast

10

4. Figure 4 Testosterone

10

5. Figure 5 Male to female, Photographer: Claudia Gonzalez

11

6. Figure 6 Female to Male, Photographer: Claudia Gonzalez

11

Arts 210 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving. Assignment One Gender Identity Report, Edenz Collage, Auckland Campus, NZ. P J A Sullivan. student id:614256