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Example calculation

From MH 3 to MH 4
Diameter = 0.2 m, cover= 2.0 m
Assume
upper invert level = 49.8 – 0.2 – 2.0 = 47.6 m
lower invert level = 44.9 – 0.2 – 2.0 = 46.4 m
Population area = [(200 x 100) (5000)] ÷ 1 x 106 = 100 person
Flow rate of sewerage = (250/1000) x 100 = 25 m3 /d = 2.89 x 10 -4 m3 /s
Slope of sewer = (47.6- 46.4)/90 = 0.013333333

Area, A= (π x 0.22)/ 4 = 0.0314 m2


Wet perimeter, p = π x 0.2 = 0.628 m
R= A/P= (0.0314/ 0.628) = 0.05

From manning equation


2 1 2 1
1 1
V= 𝑅 𝑠 =(
3 2 ) (0.05 ) (0.0133333332 ) = 1.21 m/s
3
𝑛 0.013

Qf = AV= 0.0314 x 1.21 = 0.0379 m3 /s


Q/ Qf= 2.89 x 10-4 / 0.0379 = 7.63 x 10-3
From graph
v/vf =0.035
v= 0.035 x 1.21 = 0.04235 m/s
since v< 0.6, thus use v= 0.6 m/s