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Cálculos y Resultados

CH3OH + CH3COOH  CH3COOCH3 + H2O

CH3OH CH3COOH CH3COOCH3 H2O HCl Keq


1 3ml 2ml 4ml
2 2ml 3ml 4ml
3 1ml 4ml 4ml
4 0ml 5ml 4ml
(g/ml) 0.79 1.02 1.0118
% p/p 99.8 100

Calculando % p/p del HCl :

Datos: M= 1mol/L , V=4ml


1.0118𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙.
msolución = 4mlsol.x = 4.0472 g sol.
1𝑚𝑙

1𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝐻𝐶𝑙 36.5 𝑔 𝐻𝐶𝑙


mHCl = 𝑥 0.004 𝐿 𝑠𝑜𝑙 𝑥 = 0.146 g HCl
𝐿 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 1𝑚𝑜𝑙

0.146 𝑔 𝐻𝐶𝑙
% p/p = 4.0472 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 𝑥 100% = 3.607%

Hallando número de moles:

Metanol- CH3OH

-Para tubo 1:
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 99.8𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles = 3𝑚𝑙 𝑥 1𝑚𝑙
𝑥 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙 𝑥 32.04𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙 = 0.0738 𝑚𝑜𝑙

-Para tubo 2:
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 99.8𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles= 2𝑚𝑙 𝑥 1𝑚𝑙
𝑥 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙 𝑥 32.04𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙 = 0.04921 𝑚𝑜𝑙

-Para tubo 3:
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 99.8𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles = 1𝑚𝑙 𝑥 1𝑚𝑙
𝑥
100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙
𝑥
32.04𝑔 𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑜𝑙
= 0.0246 𝑚𝑜𝑙

-Para tubo 4:

Moles = 0 mol

Ácido acético - CH3COOH

-Tubo 1:
1.02𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles= 2𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐. 𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜𝑥 𝑥 = 0.034 𝑚𝑜𝑙
1𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 60𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜
-Tubo 2:
1.02𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles= 3𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐. 𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜𝑥 𝑥 = 0.051 𝑚𝑜𝑙
1𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 60𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜

-Tubo 3:
1.02𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles= 4𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐. 𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜𝑥 𝑥 = 0.068 𝑚𝑜𝑙
1𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 60𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜

-Tubo 4:
1.02𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles= 5𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐. 𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜𝑥 𝑥 = 0.085 𝑚𝑜𝑙
1𝑚𝑙 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜 60𝑔 𝑎𝑐.𝑎𝑐é𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑜

Agua – H2O :
1.0118𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 96.393 𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles H2O en HCl = 4𝑚𝑙𝑠𝑜𝑙. 𝑥 1𝑚𝑙 𝑠𝑜𝑙.
𝑥 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 𝑥 18𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 = 0.2167 𝑚𝑜𝑙

-Tubo 1 :
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 0.2 𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles H2O en CH3OH = 3𝑚𝑙 𝑥 𝑥 𝑥 =2.63x10-4 mol
1𝑚𝑙 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 18𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎

Moles H2O = mol H2O(HCl) + mol H2O(CH3OH)

Moles H2O= 0.217

-Tubo 2:
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 0.2 𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles H2O en CH3OH = 2𝑚𝑙 𝑥 𝑥 𝑥 =1.756x10-4 mol
1𝑚𝑙 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 18𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎

Moles H2O = mol H2O(HCl) + mol H2O(CH3OH)

Moles H2O= 0.2169

-Tubo 3:
0.79𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 0.2 𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 1𝑚𝑜𝑙
Moles H2O en CH3OH = 1𝑚𝑙 𝑥 1𝑚𝑙 𝑠𝑜𝑙.
𝑥 100 𝑔 𝑠𝑜𝑙. 𝑥 18𝑔 𝑎𝑔𝑢𝑎 =8.78x10-5 mol

Moles H2O = mol H2O(HCl) + mol H2O(CH3OH)

Moles H2O= 0.2168mol

-Tubo 4:

Moles H2O en CH3OH = 0mol

Moles H2O = mol H2O(HCl) + mol H2O(CH3OH)

Moles H2O= 0.2167mol


Para tubo N°1:

MOLES CH3OH + CH3COOH  CH3COOCH3 + H2O


Inicio
Reacciona -x -x - -
Produce - - +x +x
equilibrio

(É𝑆𝑇𝐸𝑅)(𝐴𝐺𝑈𝐴)
Keq =
(𝐴𝐶.𝐴𝐶É𝑇𝐼𝐶𝑂)(𝑀𝐸𝑇𝐴𝑁𝑂𝐿)

-Hallando moles en el equilibrio por titulación:

#eq-g HCl + #eq-g CH3COOH = #eq-g NaOH , #eq-g= N.V = n.

 Volumen gastado de base= 18.45 ml


#eq-g HCl + #eq-g CH3COOH = #eq-g NaOH
𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑚𝑜𝑙
(10-3x 4L) x 0.1 + #eq-g CH3COOH = (18.45 x 10-3 L) x 0.573
𝐿 𝐿

#eq-g CH3COOH= 1.017 x10-2 mol

#eq-g CH3COOH = n CH3COOH x  , donde =1

-En el equilibrio, número de moles: N CH3COOH=1.017 x10-2 mol

-Hallando moles que reacciona:

 Del ácido acético:

ninicio - nrxna = nequilibrio

0.034mol - x = 0.01017mol

X = 0.0238 mol

En equilibrio :

CH3OH CH3COOH CH3COOCH3 H2O


Equilibrio(mol) 0.0738- 0.0102 0.0238 0.2408
0.0238 = 0.05