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1. Gas pressure in a closed container can be reduced 7. Which equipment uses the same principle as the
by syringe?
A heating the container A Electrical motor
B replacing it with a smaller container B Measuring cylinder
C releasing some of the gas from the container C Drinking straw
D wrapping the container with thick cloth D Fan

2. Gas pressure is produced when its particles 8. Gas under high pressure will
A collide with one another A turn into solid
B collide with the walls of the container B turn into liquid
C expand C shrink
D shrink D expand

3. The information below shows the characteristics 9. Gas pressure in a closed container can be
of air pressure. increased if
-Air pressure differs from place to place. I it is heated
Which of the following is true about the II it is compressed
information above? III the container is inverted
A Air pressure is low at low places. A I and II only
B Air pressure is the same at low and high B I and III only
places. C II and III only
C Air pressure is high at high places. D I, II and III only
D Air pressure is low at high places.

4. Diagram below shows water being boiled in a tin. 10. A syringe is used to transfer water as shown in
the diagram below.

After a lot of steam has escaped. the tin is quickly


closed and cold water is poured over the tin. How When the piston is pulled up, water enters the
does the tin look like after that? cylinder. This is because the
A water density is bigger than air density
B air pressure outside the cylinder is higher than
the inside
C water can flow into the tube easily
D air pressure on the outside and inside the
cylinder is the same

5. A tin with boiling water is closed tightly. Once it 11. Air is pumped into a bicycle tyre. Which of the
cools off, the tin becomes dented. This is because following will not happen?
A the tin has absorbed a lot of A The distance between air molecules will
B the air pressure outside the tin is higher than decrease.
the air pressure in the tin B The temperature of air molecules will
C water molecules in the tin pull the walls of the increase.
tin inwards C Air molecules collide harder with the walls of
D temperature in the tin is higher than the the tyre.
temperature outside the tin heat D Air pressure inside the tyre decreases.

6. The following are safety measures to be taken 12. Gas cylinders must be kept away from
when using a high pressure gas cylinder except I fire
A using a cylinder that is approved by the II sunlight
authority III cold
B placing it in a horizontal position A I and II only
C storing it in an open place B I and III only
D keeping it away from fire C II and III only
D I, II and III
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13. Condensed milk can be poured more easily from 18. In the following diagram, water cannot be sucked
the milk tin if the tin has two punctured holes as out because the air pressure in the straw is
shown in diagram.

A lower than the water pressure outside the


This is because the straw
A air can go into the milk tin B lower than the air pressure outside the straw
B air can dilute the condensed milk C higher than the air pressure outside the straw
C air in the milk tin pushes out the milk D the same as the air pressure outside the straw
D air pressure outside the milk tin is lower
14. Diagram below shows the piston of a syringe 19. Which of the following instruments can function
being pulled upward. based on the principle of air pressure?
I Syringe
II Siphon
III Filter pump
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

The syringe above can suck up the liquid because 20. What type of force causes durians to fall?
the air pressure at V A Magnetic
A is higher than the air pressure in space X B Frictional
B is less than the air pressure in space X C Electrostatic
C is the same as the air pressure in space X D Gravitational
D is more than the air pressure in space Z
15. Under high pressure, gas can become liquid when 21. A magnet is placed near object M. If object M
I it is heated moves towards the magnet, this shows that there
II it is cooled is
III it is compressed A friction C electricity
A I and II only B energy D a force of attraction
B I and III only
C II and III only 22. The force between a tyre and the road is called
D I, II and III A air resistance C friction
B thrust D gravity
16. Gas is usually kept in liquid form in cylindrical 23. Which of the following changes is not influenced
tanks because it by force?
I saves space A The mass of a ball of plasticine
II saves costs B The shape of a ball
III saves time C The speed of a moving ball
A I only D The direction of a moving car
B I and II only
C II and III only
D I, II and III
17. Which of the following is a safety measure to be 24. A force can
taken when using a gas tank? I change the position of object
I Keep it away from fire. II slow down a moving object
II Remove the regulator when not in use. III change direction of moving object
III Place the gas tank upright. A I and II only
A I and II only B I and III only
B I and III only C II and III only
C II and III only D I, II and III
D I, II and III

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25. A man is pulling both ends of a spring as shown in 31. Diagram below shows bits of paper sticking to a
the diagram below. plastic strip that has been rubbed.

This is caused by
A gravitational force
The activity above shows how force can change B electrical force
A the appearance of an object C magnetic force
B the shape of an object D electrostatic force
C the position of an object
D the direction of a moving object
26. A ping-pong ball moves in a direction as shown in 32. P is the force exerted by a magnet and Q is the
following diagram. pulling force exerted by the Earth. What is P and
Q?

Which direction, P, Q, R or S, should you blow in


order to increase the speed of the ping-pong ball? 33. Force is measured in units of
A P C R A joules C kilogrames
B Q D S B watts D newtons
27. Which of the following is true about magnetic 34. A block with a mass of 8 kg is lifted using a spring
force? balance. What is the reading shown by the spring
A It consists of repulsive force only. balance? (1 kg= 10N)
B It consists of attractive force and repulsive A 0.8N C 8ON
force. B 8N D 800N
C It is influenced by the force of gravity.
D It exists in all types of metal.
28. A simple spring balance is built based on the 35. Which instrument is used to measure the force of
principle that the extension of spring depends on objects?
A the speed of a moving object I Spring balance
B the shape of an object II Lever balance
C the weight of an object III Newton balance
D the size of an object A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III
29. Diagram below shows the extension of spring 36. Diagram below shows a spring measuring 3cm.
against the acting force on the spring. When a 10g load is attached to the spring, the
extension of the spring measures 1 cm.

What is the mass of the object that causes the


spring to stretch 10 cm? What is the length of the spring when a 30 g load
(Assume 1 kg of mass = 10N) is used?
A 0.5g C 500g A 3cm C 6cm
B 5.Og D 5000g B 5cm D 7cm
30. The graph showing the extension of the spring against the force exerted on the spring is

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37. Diagram below shows that the speed of a 42. Diagram below shows a wooden block being
wheelbarrow increases when it is pushed with the pushed on the table surface.
same force from X to Y.

Which of the following will not reduce the


frictional force between the wooden block and the
table surface?
A Wheels C Ball bearings
This shows that
B Sandpaper D Oil
A surface X is rougher
43. What is the name of the force that opposes the
B surface V is drier
movement of a box along a floor?
C the surface area of Y is bigger
A Friction B Magnetism
D surface X is harder
C Gravity D Energy
38. A student pulled an object as shown in diagram 44. Diagram below shows a ball bearing used in the
below. wheels of a vehicle.

The above object will move if


A the object is light What is the function of the metal balls?
B the contact surface area is small A To reduce friction
C the contact surface area is smooth B To lighten the axle
D the force acting on it is greater than the C To obstruct the wheel
frictional force D To absorb heat that may damage the axle
39. Diagram below shows a boy pushing a rock. 45. Frictional force can
I stop a moving object
II wear out the contact surface of an object
III create heat
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
Which of the following forces act on the rock to
D I, II and III
stop the boy from pushing the rock?
46. The substance that helps to reduce friction is
A Electrostatic force and gravitational force
A brake C oil
B Gravitational force and frictional force
B sand D fuel
C Frictional force and electrostatic force
D Electrical force and magnetic force
40. Two identical objects are placed on inclined slopes 47 Which of the following can be used to reduce
X and Y as shown in diagram below. friction?
I Sandpaper
II Oil
III Water
A I and II only
B I and III only
The surfaces have the same inclination. What C II and III only
conclusion can be made when the object on D I, II and III
inclined slope X slides down faster than 1’? 48. Friction will not be useful to someone when he is
A The surface of inclined slope X is bigger. A walking C skating on ice
B The surface of inclined slope Y is rougher. B writing D driving a car
C The surface of inclined slope X is drier.
D The surface of inclined slope V is harder.
41. Friction is a force that 49. Which of the following statement is a
A increases the speed of movement disadvantage of friction?
B opposes movement A Prevent us from slipping while walking
C generates repulsion B Wears away materials
D determines the weight of an object C Enables us to hold things
D Enables vehicles to move on the road

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50. Work is done when 58. A 1.5 kW electric kettle is used for 2 minutes. How
A a marble stays stationary much energy is used by this kettle?
B a worker unloads things from one place to A 3J
another B 750J
C a child tries to push a heavy metal box but C 3000J
the box does not move D 180000J
D a fruit hanging from a tall tree
51. A student lifts a box weighing 10 kg from the floor 59. 100 W of power is generated when
onto a shelf measuring 1.5 m in height. How much A 200 J of work is done in 2 seconds
work is done? B 50 J of work is done in 2 seconds
A 3OJ C 15J C 25 J of work is done in 4 seconds
B 300J D 150J D 90 J of work is done in 5 seconds

52. Work to drag a 50 kg load for a distance of 6 m is 60. The following statements are true about friction
done with 100 W of power. How much time does except
the work require? A it acts in the opposite direction of the
A 3 seconds movement force
B 30 seconds B the smoother the surface, the lesser the
C 300 seconds friction produced
D 3000 seconds C when friction is produced, heat is also
produced
D car brake pads decrease the friction
53. 3000 3 of energy is used by
I a runner weighing 30 kg who runs 10 m
II a worker wh puts a 60 kg load on top of a 5
m tall cupboard
III a worker who pulls a 100 kg load for a
distance of 3 m on a flat surface
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III
54. A sack is dragged with a force of 30 N for 18 m.
How much work is done?
A 54 J C 500 J
B 540 J D 5400 J

55. 8 J of energy is required to pull a load as shown


in diagram below for a distance of 200 cm.

How much force is recorded by the spring


balance?
A 20 N C 80 N
B 40 N D 160 N
56. If a lift takes 5 seconds to reach the second floor,
and the work done is 1000 J, what is the power
generated by the lift?
A 50W
B 200W
C 500W
D 1000W
57. A student weighing 60 kg runs 100 m in 20
seconds. How much power does he use?
A 300W
B 600W
C 3000W
D 6000W

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Subjective Questions
1.

2.