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DESCON ENGINEERING LIMITED

LMW DESCON

COMPRESS Pressure Vessel Design Calculations

Exchanger Tag # C-702A/B


Document #: DM.17004-P14-CS-00100 ( Rev.1)
Equipment : Lube Oil Cooler
Client: Engro
Designer: Muhammad Rohail
Date: Friday, April 14, 2017

This Document is the exclusive property of DESCON ENGINEERING LTD. and may not be
copied, exploited, duplicated, reproduced or communicated to a third party in any form without the
prior written approval of DESON ENGINEERING LTD.
Table of Contents
Nozzle Schedule......................................................................................................................................................1/139

Nozzle Summary.....................................................................................................................................................2/139

Pressure Summary.................................................................................................................................................3/139

Settings Summary...................................................................................................................................................6/139

Radiography Summary...........................................................................................................................................8/139

Thickness Summary.............................................................................................................................................10/139

Weight Summary...................................................................................................................................................11/139

Hydrostatic Test....................................................................................................................................................12/139

Vacuum Summary.................................................................................................................................................14/139

Bill of Materials......................................................................................................................................................15/139

Engineering Notes................................................................................................................................................17/139

Baffle Summary Report........................................................................................................................................18/139

Design Conditions Summary...............................................................................................................................19/139

Data Inputs Summary...........................................................................................................................................20/139

Materials and Gaskets Summary.........................................................................................................................21/139

Tubesheet Maximum Pressure Report................................................................................................................23/139

Channel Cover (front)...........................................................................................................................................24/139

Channel Cover Flange (front)...............................................................................................................................27/139

Front Channel........................................................................................................................................................40/139

Shell........................................................................................................................................................................44/139

Tube Side Flange (front).......................................................................................................................................48/139

Tube Side Flange (rear)........................................................................................................................................61/139

Rear Channel.........................................................................................................................................................74/139

Channel Cover Flange (rear)................................................................................................................................78/139

Channel Cover (rear).............................................................................................................................................91/139

Tubesheet -- ASME...............................................................................................................................................94/139

Tubesheet -- TEMA..............................................................................................................................................113/139

i
Table of Contents
Tubes....................................................................................................................................................................121/139

Shell and Tubes...................................................................................................................................................124/139

TEMA RCB-9.132 Pass Partition Plate Calculations........................................................................................138/139

ii
Nozzle Schedule

Specifications

Nozzle Impact Fine


Identifier Size Materials Normalized Flange Blind
mark Tested Grain

1'' FRONT CHANNEL NPS 1 Class 6000 -


D1 Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
Drain threaded

NPS 1 Class 6000 -


D2 1'' SHELL DRAIN Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
threaded

1'' REAR CHANNEL NPS 1 Class 6000 -


D3 Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
DRAIN threaded

NPS 2 Class
NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
N1 TS INLET Nozzle No No No 150 No
50 pipe
WN A182 F304

NPS 2 Class
NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
N2 TS OUTLET Nozzle No No No 150 No
50 pipe
WN A182 F304

NPS 2 Class
NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
N3 SS Inlet Nozzle No No No 150 No
50 pipe
WN A182 F304

NPS 2 Class
NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
N4 SS Outlet Nozzle No No No 150 No
50 pipe
WN A182 F304

1'' FRONT CHANNEL NPS 1 Class 6000 -


V1 Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
VENT threaded

NPS 1 Class 6000 -


V2 1'' SHELL VENT Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
threaded

1'' REAR CHANNEL NPS 1 Class 6000 -


V3 Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 No No No N/A No
VENT threaded

1/139
Nozzle Summary

Dimensions

Reinforcement
Shell
Nozzle OD tn Req tn Pad Corr Aa/Ar
A1? A2?
mark (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (%)
Nom t Design t User t Width tpad
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm)

D1 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

D2 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

D3 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

N1 60.33 5.54 3.99 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

N2 60.33 5.54 3.99 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

N3 60.33 5.54 4.01 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

N4 60.33 5.54 4.01 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

V1 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

V2 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

V3 57.15 11.87 2.5 Yes Yes 9.27 N/A N/A N/A 0 Exempt

Definitions

tn Nozzle thickness

Nozzle thickness required per UG-45/UG-16


Req tn
Increased for pipe to account for 12.5% pipe thickness tolerance

Nom t Vessel wall thickness

Design t Required vessel wall thickness due to pressure + corrosion allowance per UG-37

User t Local vessel wall thickness (near opening)

Aa Area available per UG-37, governing condition

Ar Area required per UG-37, governing condition

Corr Corrosion allowance on nozzle wall

2/139
Pressure Summary

Component Summary for Tube side chamber

P T T
MAWP MAP MAEP e MDMT MDMT Impact
Identifier Design Design external
(kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (°C) Exemption Tested
(kPa) (°C) (°C)

Channel Cover (front) 1,034.2 65.56 3,124.17 3,131.35 5,563.47 65.56 -196 Note 1 No

Front Channel 1,034.2 65.56 8,464.95 8,472.13 3,304.4 65.56 -196 Note 2 No

Tubesheet (see Maximum Pressure Rating note) 1,137.62 93.33 6,299.43 6,489.74 11,965.21 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

Rear Tubesheet (see Maximum Pressure Rating note) 1,137.62 93.33 6,299.43 6,489.74 11,965.21 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

Rear Channel 1,034.2 65.56 8,464.95 8,472.13 3,434.17 65.56 -196 Note 2 No

Channel Cover (rear) 1,034.2 65.56 3,124.17 3,131.35 5,563.47 65.56 -196 Note 1 No

Tubes 1,137.62 93.33 34,257.73 34,514.94 14,737.08 93.33 -196 Note 3 No

Channel Cover Flange (front) 1,034.2 65.56 4,560.02 4,866.67 20,279.33 65.56 -196 Note 4 No

Channel Cover Flange (front) - Flange Hub 1,034.2 65.56 9,624.57 9,631.75 3,848.79 65.56 -196 Note 5 No

Tube Side Flange (front) 1,034.2 65.56 4,560.02 4,866.67 20,279.33 65.56 -196 Note 4 No

Tube Side Flange (front) - Flange Hub 1,034.2 65.56 9,624.57 9,631.75 3,848.79 65.56 -196 Note 5 No

Tube Side Flange (rear) 1,034.2 65.56 4,560.02 4,866.67 20,279.33 65.56 -196 Note 4 No

Tube Side Flange (rear) - Flange Hub 1,034.2 65.56 9,624.57 9,631.75 3,987.86 65.56 -196 Note 5 No

Channel Cover Flange (rear) 1,034.2 65.56 4,560.02 4,866.67 20,279.33 65.56 -196 Note 4 No

Channel Cover Flange (rear) - Flange Hub 1,034.2 65.56 9,624.57 9,631.75 3,987.86 65.56 -196 Note 5 No

1'' FRONT CHANNEL Drain (D1) 1,034.2 65.56 8,463.92 8,471.16 3,303.97 65.56 -196 Note 2 No

1'' REAR CHANNEL DRAIN (D3) 1,034.2 65.56 8,463.92 8,471.16 3,433.74 65.56 -196 Note 2 No

TS INLET (N1) 1,034.2 65.56 1,740.17 1,900 3,303.97 65.56 -196 Note 1 No

TS OUTLET (N2) 1,034.2 65.56 1,746.05 1,900 3,303.97 65.56 -196 Note 1 No

1'' FRONT CHANNEL VENT (V1) 1,034.2 65.56 8,466.63 8,471.16 3,303.97 65.56 -196 Note 6 No

1'' REAR CHANNEL VENT (V3) 1,034.2 65.56 8,466.63 8,471.16 3,433.74 65.56 -196 Note 6 No

Chamber Summary for Tube side chamber

Design MDMT -29 °C

Rated MDMT -196 °C @ 1,740.17 kPa

MAWP hot & corroded 1,740.17 kPa @ 65.56 °C

MAP cold & new 1,900 kPa @ 21.11 °C

MAEP 3,303.97 kPa @ 65.56 °C

3/139
Component Summary for Shell side chamber

P T T
MAWP MAP MAEP e MDMT MDMT Impact
Identifier Design Design external
(kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (°C) Exemption Tested
(kPa) (°C) (°C)

Tubesheet (see Maximum Pressure Rating note) 1,137.63 93.33 11,965.21 14,499.24 6,299.43 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

Shell 1,034.21 93.33 8,404.57 8,472.13 2,362.63 93.33 -196 Note 7 No

Rear Tubesheet (see Maximum Pressure Rating note) 1,137.63 93.33 11,965.21 14,499.24 6,299.43 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

Tubes 1,137.63 93.33 14,737.08 14,737.08 34,257.73 93.33 N/A N/A No

Saddle 1,034.21 93.33 1,597.01 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Stack Exchanger (Clip- Left] 1,034.21 93.33 1,597.01 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Stack Exchanger (Clip- Right] 1,034.21 93.33 1,597.01 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

1'' SHELL DRAIN (D2) 1,034.21 93.33 8,403.54 8,471.17 2,362.21 93.33 -196 Note 8 No

SS Inlet (N3) 1,034.21 93.33 1,602.07 1,900 2,362.21 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

SS Outlet (N4) 1,034.21 93.33 1,597.01 1,900 2,362.21 93.33 -196 Note 1 No

1'' SHELL VENT (V2) 1,034.21 93.33 8,405.84 8,471.17 2,362.21 93.33 -196 Note 9 No

Chamber Summary for Shell side chamber

Design MDMT -29 °C

Rated MDMT -196 °C @ 1,597.01 kPa

MAWP hot & corroded 1,597.01 kPa @ 93.33 °C

MAP cold & new 1,900 kPa @ 21.11 °C

MAEP 2,362.21 kPa @ 93.33 °C

Notes for Maximum Pressure Rating

Note
Details
#

The largest tubesheet MAWP/MAP values have been selected from the multiple design conditions to maximize the hydrotest pressure and to comply with
1.
UG-20(b). The MAWP/MAP selected for the shell side may not be coincident with the MAWP/MAP selected for the tube side (and vice versa).

The chamber MAWP listed above is based on the largest tubesheet MAWP values from the multiple design conditions. The lowest tubesheet MAWP values
2. should be considered when determining the final chamber MAWP. Refer to the Tubesheet Maximum Pressure Report for the lowest tubesheet maximum
pressure ratings.

4/139
Notes for MDMT Rating

Note # Exemption Details

1. Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C

2. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2002)

3. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0554)

4. Flange Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C Bolts rated MDMT = -196°C

5. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1752)

6. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1999)

7. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1835)

8. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1836)

9. Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1833)

5/139
Settings Summary

COMPRESS 2018 Build 7800


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric
Units SI
Datum Line Location 94.00 mm from right seam
Vessel Design Mode Design Mode
Minimum thickness 2.5 mm per UG-16(b)
Design for cold shut down only No
Design for lethal service (full radiography required) No
Design nozzles for Chamber MAWP
Corrosion weight loss 100% of theoretical loss
UG-23 Stress Increase 1.20
Skirt/legs stress increase 1.0
Minimum nozzle projection 152.4 mm
Juncture calculations for α > 30 only Yes
Preheat P-No 1 Materials > 1.25" and <= 1.50" thick No
UG-37(a) shell tr calculation considers longitudinal stress No
Cylindrical shells made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness No
Nozzles made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness No
ASME B16.9 fittings are entered as minimum thickness No
Butt welds Tapered per Figure UCS-66.3(a)
Disallow Appendix 1-5, 1-8 calculations under 15 psi No
Hydro/Pneumatic Test
1.3 times vessel MAWP
Shop Hydrotest Pressure
[UG-99(b)]
Test liquid specific gravity for Tube side chamber 1.00
Test liquid specific gravity for Shell side chamber 1.00
Maximum stress during test 90% of yield
Required Marking - UG-116
Tube Side
UG-116(e) Radiography RT1
UG-116(f) Postweld heat treatment None
Shell Side
UG-116(e) Radiography None
UG-116(f) Postweld heat treatment None

6/139
Code Cases\Interpretations
Use Code Case 2547 No
Use Code Case 2695 No
Apply interpretation VIII-1-83-66 Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-86-175 Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-37 Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-150 Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-07-50 Yes
Apply interpretation VIII-1-16-85 No
No UCS-66.1 MDMT reduction No
No UCS-68(c) MDMT reduction No
Disallow UG-20(f) exemptions No
UG-22 Loadings
UG-22(a) Internal or External Design Pressure Yes
UG-22(b) Weight of the vessel and normal contents under operating or test
Yes
conditions
UG-22(c) Superimposed static reactions from weight of attached equipment
Yes
(external loads)
UG-22(d)(2) Vessel supports such as lugs, rings, skirts, saddles and legs Yes
UG-22(f) Wind reactions No
UG-22(f) Seismic reactions No
UG-22(j) Test pressure and coincident static head acting during the test: No
Note: UG-22(b),(c) and (f) loads only considered when supports are present.

License Information
Company Name Descon Engineering Ltd.
License Commercial
License Key ID 20359
Support Expires October 22, 2018

7/139
Radiography Summary

UG-116 Radiography - Tube Side Chamber

Longitudinal Seam Left Circumferential Seam Right Circumferential Seam


Component Category Category Category Mark
Radiography / Joint Radiography / Joint Radiography / Joint
(Fig (Fig (Fig
Type Type Type
UW-3) UW-3) UW-3)

Channel Cover (front) N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A

Front Channel N/A Seamless No RT C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 RT1

Channel Cover Flange (front) N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 RT1

Tube Side Flange (front) N/A Seamless No RT C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 N/A N/A / Gasketed RT1

Tubesheet N/A Seamless No RT¹ N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A

Rear Tubesheet N/A Seamless No RT¹ N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A

Rear Channel N/A Seamless No RT C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 RT1

Tube Side Flange (rear) N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 RT1

Channel Cover Flange (rear) N/A Seamless No RT C Full UW-11(a) / Type 1 N/A N/A / Gasketed RT1

Channel Cover (rear) N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A N/A N/A

Tubes N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A

Nozzle to Vessel Circumferential Nozzle free end Circumferential


Nozzle Longitudinal Seam
Seam Seam

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
TS OUTLET (N2) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 C N/A
Type 1

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
TS INLET (N1) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 C N/A
Type 1

1'' FRONT CHANNEL VENT (V1) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

1'' FRONT CHANNEL Drain (D1) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

1'' REAR CHANNEL VENT (V3) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

1'' REAR CHANNEL DRAIN (D3) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

Nozzle to Flange Circumferential


Nozzle Flange Longitudinal Seam Flange Face
Seam

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to TS UW-11(a)(4) exempt /


N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C N/A
OUTLET (N2) Type 1

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to TS UW-11(a)(4) exempt /


N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C N/A
INLET (N1) Type 1

¹Tubesheets are always considered to be seamless.

UG-116(e) Required Marking: RT1

8/139
UG-116 Radiography - Shell Side Chamber

Longitudinal Seam Left Circumferential Seam Right Circumferential Seam


Component Category Category Category Mark
Radiography / Joint Radiography / Joint Radiography / Joint
(Fig (Fig (Fig
Type Type Type
UW-3) UW-3) UW-3)

Tubesheet N/A Seamless No RT¹ N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A

Shell N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A

Rear Tubesheet N/A Seamless No RT¹ N/A N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A / Gasketed N/A

Nozzle to Vessel Circumferential Nozzle free end Circumferential


Nozzle Longitudinal Seam
Seam Seam

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
SS Inlet (N3) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 C N/A
Type 1

UW-11(a)(4) exempt /
SS Outlet (N4) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 C N/A
Type 1

1'' SHELL VENT (V2) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

1'' SHELL DRAIN (D2) N/A Seamless No RT D N/A / Type 7 N/A N/A N/A

Nozzle to Flange Circumferential


Nozzle Flange Longitudinal Seam Flange Face
Seam

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to SS UW-11(a)(4) exempt /


N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C N/A
Inlet (N3) Type 1

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to SS UW-11(a)(4) exempt /


N/A Seamless No RT N/A N/A / Gasketed C N/A
Outlet (N4) Type 1

¹Tubesheets are always considered to be seamless.

UG-116(e) Required Marking: None

9/139
Thickness Summary

Component Data

Component Material Diameter Length Nominal t Design t Total Corrosion Joint Load
Identifier (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) E

Channel Cover (front) SA-182 F304 <= 125 421 OD 35 35 27.09 0 1.00 External

Front Channel SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe 254.51 ID 350 9.27 1.17 0 1.00 External

Tubesheet SA-182 F304 <= 125 421 OD 50 50 38.1 0 1.00 Unknown

Tubes SA-213 TP304 Smls tube 12.7 OD 1,630 1.65 0.26 0 1.00 External

Shell SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe 254.51 ID 1,530 9.27 1.89 0 1.00 External

Rear Tubesheet SA-182 F304 <= 125 421 OD 50 50 38.1 0 1.00 Unknown

Rear Channel SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe 254.51 ID 200 9.27 1.02 0 1.00 External

Channel Cover (rear) SA-182 F304 <= 125 421 OD 35 35 27.09 0 1.00 External

Definitions

Nominal t Vessel wall nominal thickness

Design t Required vessel thickness due to governing loading + corrosion

Joint E Longitudinal seam joint efficiency

Load

Internal Circumferential stress due to internal pressure governs

External External pressure governs

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + wind


Wind
governs

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + seismic


Seismic
governs

10/139
Weight Summary

Weight (kg) Contributed by Vessel Elements

Metal Operating Liquid Test Liquid


Component Metal Insulation Piping Surface Area
Insulation Lining
New* Corroded Supports + Liquid New Corroded New Corroded m2

Channel Cover (front) 39.1 39.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.19


Front Channel 20.8 20.8 0 0 0 0 27.8 27.8 27.8 27.8 0.29
Tubesheet 42.4 42.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07
Shell 93.5 93.5 0 0 0 0 44.3 44.3 51.5 51.5 1.3
Tubes 103.4 103.4 0 0 0 0 15.6 15.6 15.6 15.6 N/A
Rear Tubesheet 42.4 42.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.07
Rear Channel 12 12 0 0 0 0 19.7 19.7 19.7 19.7 0.17
Channel Cover (rear) 39.1 39.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.19
Saddle 44.5 44.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.95
TOTAL: 437.2 437.2 0 0 0 0 107.4 107.4 114.6 114.6 3.21
*Shells with attached nozzles have weight reduced by material cut out for opening.

Weight (kg) Contributed by Attachments


Nozzles & Trays Surface
Body Flanges Packed Tray Rings & Vertical
Component Flanges Baffles Area
Beds Supports Clips Loads
Pass Partitions m2
New Corroded New Corroded
Channel Cover (front) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Front Channel 67.5 67.5 8.1 8.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.38
Tubesheet 0 0 0 0 0 42.9 0 0 0 0
Shell 0 0 8.1 8.1 0 13.5¹ 0 16.3 900 0.42
Rear Tubesheet 0 0 0 0 0 23 0 0 0 0
Rear Channel 67.5 67.5 0.9 0.9 0 0 0 0 0 0.26
Channel Cover (rear) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTAL: 134.9 134.9 17 17 0 79.4 0 16.3 900 1.06
¹Baffle weights are approximated.

Vessel Totals

New Corroded

Operating Weight (kg) 1,692 1,692


Empty Weight (kg) 1,585 1,585
Test Weight (kg) 1,699 1,699
Surface Area (m 2) 4.28 -
Shell side capacity** (liters) 51 51
Tube side capacity** (liters) 63 63
**The shell and tube capacity does not include
volume of nozzle, piping or other attachments.

Vessel Lift Condition


Vessel Lift Weight, New (kg) 1,585
Center of Gravity from Datum (mm) 1,134.43

11/139
Hydrostatic Test

Horizontal shop hydrostatic test based on MAWP per UG-99(b) for Tube side chamber

Gauge pressure at 21.11°C = 1.3*MAWP*LSR


= 1.3*1,740.17*1
= 2,262.22 kPa

Horizontal shop hydrostatic test


Local test Test liquid UG-99(b) UG-99(b)
Identifier pressure static head stress pressure
(kPa) (kPa) ratio factor
Front Channel (1) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Rear Channel 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Tubes 2,266.34 4.12 1.0073 1.30

Channel Cover Flange (front) - Flange Hub 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Tube Side Flange (front) - Flange Hub 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Tube Side Flange (rear) - Flange Hub 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Channel Cover Flange (rear) - Flange Hub 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Channel Cover (front) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Channel Cover Flange (front) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Tube Side Flange (front) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Tubesheet 2,266.41 4.19 1.0073 1.30

Rear Tubesheet 2,266.41 4.19 1.0073 1.30

Tube Side Flange (rear) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Channel Cover Flange (rear) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

Channel Cover (rear) 2,266.41 4.19 1 1.30

1'' FRONT CHANNEL Drain (D1) 2,266.79 4.57 1 1.30

1'' FRONT CHANNEL VENT (V1) 2,263.82 1.6 1 1.30

1'' REAR CHANNEL DRAIN (D3) 2,266.79 4.57 1 1.30

1'' REAR CHANNEL VENT (V3) 2,263.82 1.6 1 1.30

TS INLET (N1) 2,268.1 5.88 1 1.30

TS OUTLET (N2) 2,263.82 1.6 1 1.30

(1) Front Channel limits the UG-99(b) stress ratio.


(2) The zero degree angular position is assumed to be up, and the test liquid
height is assumed to the top-most flange.

The field test condition has not been investigated for the Tube side chamber.
Horizontal shop hydrostatic test based on MAWP per UG-99(b) for Shell side chamber

Gauge pressure at 21.11°C = 1.3*MAWP*LSR


= 1.3*1,597.01*1.0073
= 2,091.27 kPa

12/139
Horizontal shop hydrostatic test
Local test Test liquid UG-99(b) UG-99(b)
Identifier pressure static head stress pressure
(kPa) (kPa) ratio factor
Shell (1) 2,095.46 4.19 1.0073 1.30

Tubes 2,095.39 4.12 N/A 1.30

Tubesheet 2,095.46 4.19 1.0073 1.30

Rear Tubesheet 2,095.46 4.19 1.0073 1.30

1'' SHELL DRAIN (D2) 2,095.84 4.57 1.0073 1.30

1'' SHELL VENT (V2) 2,092.87 1.6 1.0073 1.30

SS Inlet (N3) 2,092.87 1.6 1.0073 1.30

SS Outlet (N4) 2,097.15 5.88 1.0073 1.30

(1) Shell limits the UG-99(b) stress ratio.


(2) The zero degree angular position is assumed to be up, and the
test liquid height is assumed to the top-most flange.

The field test condition has not been investigated for the Shell side chamber.

13/139
Vacuum Summary

Largest Unsupported Length Le

Elevation
Component Line of Support Length Le
above Datum
(mm)
(mm)

Channel Cover (front) - 2,486 N/A

- Channel Cover (front) 2,451 N/A

Front Channel Left - 2,357 533

Front Channel Right - 2,007 533

Tubesheet - 1,918.5 N/A

- Tube Side Flange (front) 1,918 N/A

Shell Left - 1,868.5 1,580

Shell Right - 338.5 1,580

- Tube Side Flange (rear) 289 N/A

Rear Tubesheet - 288.5 N/A

Rear Channel Left - 200 383

Rear Channel Right - 0 383

- Channel Cover (rear) -94 N/A

Channel Cover (rear) - -129 N/A

14/139
Bill of Materials

Covers / Tubesheets

Item # Type Material Thk [mm] Dia. [mm] Wt. [kg] (ea.) Qty

H1 Bolted Cover SA-182 F304 <= 125 35 421 OD 39.1 2

H2 Tubesheet SA-182 F304 <= 125 50 421 OD 42.4 2

Shells / Tubes

Item # Type Material Thk [mm] Dia. [mm] Length [mm] Wt. [kg] (ea.) Qty

S1 Cylinder SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe; NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250 9.27 254.51 ID 350 21.6 1

S2 Cylinder SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe; NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250 9.27 254.51 ID 1,530 94.3 1

S3 Cylinder SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe; NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250 9.27 254.51 ID 200 12.3 1

Tube1 Tube SA-213 TP304 Smls tube 1.65 12.7 1,630 0.7 138

Nozzles

Item # Type Material NPS Thk [mm] Dia. [mm] Length [mm] Wt. [kg]

Noz1 Nozzle SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN 50 5.54 49.25 ID 451 3.5

Noz2 Nozzle SA-182 F304 <= 125 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded 11.87 33.4 ID 198 2.7

Flanges

Item # Type Material NPS Dia. [mm] Wt. [kg] (ea.) Qty

AF1 ASME B16.5 Welding Neck - Class 150 A182 F304 2.0 152.4 x 52.58 2.7 4

CF1 Weld neck integral SA-182 F304 <= 125 - 421 x 254.51 33.7 4

Gaskets

Item # Type Size [mm] Thk [mm] Qty

G1 Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and nickel-base alloys 331 x 305 4.5 4

There are 4 flanges that do not include gasket information.

Fasteners

Item # Description Material Length [mm] Qty

FB1 5/8" coarse bolt SA-193 B8 1 Bolt 70 16

FB2 7/8" coarse bolt SA-193 B8 1 Bolt 133 40

FB3 7/8" coarse bolt SA-193 B8 1 Bolt 146 40

SB1 20mm bolt SA-36 - 4

All listed flange bolts require associated nuts and washers in accordance with Division 1, UCS-11.

15/139
Plates

Item # Material Thk [mm] Wt. [kg] Qty [ m²]

Plate1 SA-36 6 5.8 0.1252

Plate1 - Note: Applies to saddle wear plate, lift lug pad plates

Plate2 SA-36 18 12.7 0.09

Plate2 - Note: Applies to saddle base plate

Plate3 SA-36 10 28.7 0.37

Plate3 - Note: Applies to saddle web plate, lift lug plates

Plate4 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe 100 9.6 0.012

Plate4 - Note: Applies to clip plates

Plate5 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe 10 3.6 0.045

Plate5 - Note: Applies to clip pad plates

Plate6 SA-240-304 6 13.5 0.29

Plate6 - Note: Applies to baffle plates

Plate7 SA-240 304 10 65.9 0.82

Plate7 - Note: Applies to pass partition plates

Notes

Note # Note

1. Tubesheet attachements including Tie Rods, Skid Bars, Seal Bars, and Dummy Tubes, are not included in the Bill of Materials.

16/139
Engineering Notes

** MDMT is considered as -29 C. Client to Confirm.

** Quantity is two so same design is considered for other cases as well.

17/139
Baffle Summary Report

Baffle Data
Material SA-240-304
Type Single Segmental
Orientation Horizontal
3 mm (3.2 mm TEMA
Shell Clearance
(Max))
Thickness 6 mm (3.2 mm TEMA)
Diameter 251.51 mm
Count 12
Maximum Tubesheet to Baffle Distance 395.24 mm
Maximum Baffle to Baffle Distance 179.08 mm
Distance between Tubesheet Shell Side Faces 1,530 mm
Group Weight 13.5 kg
Material Density (Assumed) 7833.41 kg/m³
Tube Hole Diameter 13.1 mm

Baffle Specifications
Distance from Cut Distance
Baffle Name Cut Direction Baffle Weight (kg)¹
Front Tubesheet (mm) from Center (mm)
Baffle #20 239.36 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #21 328.9 Upwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #22 418.44 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #23 507.98 Upwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #24 597.52 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #25 687.06 Upwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #26 776.6 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #27 866.14 Upwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #28 955.68 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #29 1,045.22 Upwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #30 1,134.76 Downwards 54.75 1.1
Baffle #31 1,224.3 Upwards 54.75 1.1
¹Baffle weight is approximated.

18/139
Design Conditions Summary

Design Conditions
Tube side Shell side Design - Shell Side External Design - Tube Side
Description Design
hydrotest hydrotest Pressure External Pressure

Design Pressure (kPa) 1,034.2 2,262.22 0 1,034.2 -103.42

Internal Operating Pressure (kPa) 1,034.2 N/A N/A 1,034.2 0


Tube Side
External Design Pressure (kPa) 103.42 N/A N/A 0 0

External Operating Pressure (kPa) 103.42 N/A N/A 0 0

Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 7.18 4.19 0 7.18 0

Design temperature (°C) 65.56 21.11 21.11 65.56 65.56

Design Pressure (kPa) 1,034.21 0 2,091.27 -103.42 1,034.21

Internal Operating Pressure (kPa) 1,034.21 N/A N/A 0 1,034.21


Shell Side
External Design Pressure (kPa) 103.42 N/A N/A 0 0

External Operating Pressure (kPa) 103.42 N/A N/A 0 0

Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 6.17 0 4.19 0 6.17

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33

Mean temperature (°C) 51.74 21.11 21.11 51.74 51.74


Tubes
αT (mm/mm/°C) 1.56E-05 1.53E-05 1.53E-05 1.56E-05 1.56E-05

Et (MPa) 192.86E+03 195.23E+03 195.23E+03 192.86E+03 192.86E+03

St (MPa) 137 186.3 186.3 137 137

Sy (MPa) 173 207 207 173 173

Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06


Shell αs (mm/mm/°C) 1.57E-05 1.53E-05 1.53E-05 1.57E-05 1.57E-05

Es (MPa) 192.2E+03 195.23E+03 195.23E+03 192.2E+03 192.2E+03

Ss (MPa) 137 186.3 186.3 137 137

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33


Tubesheet Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06

E (MPa) 192.2E+03 195.23E+03 195.23E+03 192.2E+03 192.2E+03

S (MPa) 137 186.3 186.3 137 137

19/139
Data Inputs Summary

General Options
Identifier Lube Oil Cooler

ASME VIII-1, 2017 Edition


Codes TEMA Ninth Edition (2007)
Metric

SIZE 255-1,630 TYPE


Fixed tubesheets Class R One pass shell
AEL
Description
Perform ASME tube
Expansion joint not used Tubesheets of differing thickness method not used
design check

Maximum tubesheet to tube Baffles support all tubes:


Tube supports\baffle plates Maximum tube support separation: 179.08 mm
support distance: 395.24 mm No

Tube Options
Tube material SA-213 TP304 Smls tube

Length between outer tubesheet faces: L t 1,630 mm

Tube dimensions, new, mm do= 12.7 tt= 1.65 (1.44 min) Inner corrosion: 0 Outer corrosion: 0

Figure UW-20.1 sketch(c)


Tube to tubesheet joint option
Factor determined by test per ASME VIII-1 A-3, A-4: F r = 0.95

Channel and Shell Options


Shell dimensions SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe MDMT:
Di= 254.51 ts= 9.27 Inner corrosion: 0 Outer corrosion: 0
new, mm NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250 -29 °C

MDMT:
Type: bolted channel cover Inner corrosion: 0 Outer corrosion: 0
-29 °C
Front channel
dimensions, new, mm SA-312 TP304 Wld &
Cylinder Di= 254.51 tc= 9.27 L= 350
smls pipe

Closure SA-182 F304 <= 125 Do= 421 tmin= 35 LSF= 0

MDMT:
Type: bolted channel cover Inner corrosion: 0 Outer corrosion: 0
-29 °C
Rear channel
dimensions, new, mm SA-312 TP304 Wld &
Cylinder Di= 254.51 tc= 9.27 L= 200
smls pipe

Closure SA-182 F304 <= 125 Do= 421 tmin= 35 LSF= 0

Tubesheet Options
Tube hole: 138 - 12.95 mm
Tube Layout Shear does not govern Tube pitch: 15.88 mm Pattern: 30° (triangular)
(Custom Fit)

Tubesheet
pass
Material: SA-182 F304 Shell side Tube side MDMT = -29
Tubesheet dimensions, T = 50 OD = 421 groove
<= 125 corrosion = 0 corrosion = 0 °C
mm depth =
(front and rear) 4.76

Impact test is not Not produced fine grain Integral shell Gasketed
Not normalized PWHT not performed
performed practice side tube side

20/139
Materials and Gaskets Summary

Materials And Gaskets


Part Quantity Size Material Gasket

Front bolted cover 1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125 Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and
nickel-base alloys
Channel Cover Flange 331.00 OD x 305.00 ID x 4.50 mm thk
1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125
(front)

0.875 in dia. bolt x 130.00 mm


Front closure flange bolts 20
long
SA-193 B8 1 -
254.51 ID x 9.27 thk SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
Front channel cylinder 1
x 350.00 mm pipe -
Tube Side Flange (front) 1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125 Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and
nickel-base alloys
Front tubesheet 1 421.00 OD x 50 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125 331.00 OD x 305.00 ID x 4.50 mm thk

Front Tubesheet flange 0.875 in dia. stud x 140.00 mm


bolts
20
long
SA-193 B8 1 -
12.70 OD x 1.65 nom wall (1.44
Tubes 138 min) SA-213 TP304 Smls tube -
x 1630.00 mm

NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
Shell cylinder 1
x 1530.00 mm pipe -
Rear tubesheet 1 421.00 OD x 50 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125 Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and
nickel-base alloys
Tube Side Flange (rear) 1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125 331.00 OD x 305.00 ID x 4.50 mm thk

Rear Tubesheet flange 0.875 in dia. stud x 140.00 mm


bolts
20
long
SA-193 B8 1 -
254.51 ID x 9.27 thk SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls
Rear channel cylinder 1
x 200.00 mm pipe -
Channel Cover Flange Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and
1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125
(rear) nickel-base alloys
331.00 OD x 305.00 ID x 4.50 mm thk
Rear bolted cover 1 421.00 OD x 35 mm thk SA-182 F304 <= 125

0.875 in dia. bolt x 130.00 mm


Rear closure flange bolts 20
long
SA-193 B8 1 -
Front pass partition - 10 mm thk SA-240 304 -
Rear pass partition - 10 mm thk SA-240 304 -

21/139
Nozzle Materials And Gaskets
Part Quantity Size Material Gasket

1 2 in 150# WN A182 F304


TS OUTLET (N2)
-
1 NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN 50 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe

Bolts for TS OUTLET (N2) 4 0.625 in dia. bolt x 69.85 mm long SA-193 B8 1

1 2 in 150# WN A182 F304


TS INLET (N1)
-
1 NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN 50 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe

Bolts for TS INLET (N1) 4 0.625 in dia. bolt x 69.85 mm long SA-193 B8 1

1'' FRONT CHANNEL VENT (V1) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -
1'' FRONT CHANNEL Drain (D1) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -
1 2 in 150# WN A182 F304
SS Inlet (N3)
-
1 NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN 50 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe

Bolts for SS Inlet (N3) 4 0.625 in dia. bolt x 69.85 mm long SA-193 B8 1

1 2 in 150# WN A182 F304


SS Outlet (N4)
-
1 NPS 2 Sch 80S (XS) DN 50 SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe

Bolts for SS Outlet (N4) 4 0.625 in dia. bolt x 69.85 mm long SA-193 B8 1

1'' SHELL VENT (V2) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -
1'' SHELL DRAIN (D2) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -
1'' REAR CHANNEL VENT (V3) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -
1'' REAR CHANNEL DRAIN (D3) 1 NPS 1 Class 6000 - threaded SA-182 F304 <= 125 -

22/139
Tubesheet Maximum Pressure Report

ASME Tubesheet Maximum Pressure Ratings


Design - Shell Side External Design - Tube Side
Description Design Tube side MAP Shell side MAP
Pressure External Pressure

Pressure (kPa) 6,299.43 6,489.74 0 4,803.84 -8,339.19


Tube Side
Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 7.18 0 0 7.18 0

Design temperature (°C) 65.56 21.11 21.11 65.56 65.56

Pressure (kPa) 9,594.97 0 14,499.24 -4,133.06 11,965.21


Shell Side
Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 6.17 0 0 0 6.17

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33


Tubes
Mean temperature (°C) 51.74 21.11 21.11 51.74 51.74

Shell Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33


Tubesheet
Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06

TEMA Tubesheet Maximum Pressure Ratings


Design - Shell Side External Design - Tube Side
Description Design Tube side MAP Shell side MAP
Pressure External Pressure

Pressure (kPa) 6,355.19 6,404.26 0 6,325.84 0


Tube Side
Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 7.18 0 0 7.18 0

Design temperature (°C) 65.56 21.11 21.11 65.56 65.56

Pressure (kPa) 20,677.94 0 20,684.11 0 20,677.94


Shell Side
Tubesheet Static Pressure (kPa) 6.17 0 0 0 6.17

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33


Tubes
Mean temperature (°C) 51.74 21.11 21.11 51.74 51.74

Shell Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06

Design temperature (°C) 93.33 21.11 21.11 93.33 93.33


Tubesheet
Mean temperature (°C) 60.06 21.11 21.11 60.06 60.06

23/139
Channel Cover (front)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Bolted Cover
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Channel Cover Flange (front)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Outer Diameter 421 mm
Bolt Circle, BC 373 mm
Nominal Thickness 35 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 39.11 0
Corroded 39.11 0
Radiography
Category A joints Seamless No RT

24/139
Results Summary
Governing condition gasket seating
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 20.18 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 4.77 mm
Design thickness due to gasket seating 27.09 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 3,124.17 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 3,131.35 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 5,563.47 kPa
Rated MDMT -196°C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Figure UG-34 Diameter

d = BC - 2*hG
= 373 - 2*27.37
= 318.25 mm

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-34(c)(2), flange operating

t = d*Sqr(C*P / (S*E) + 1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)) + Corrosion


= 318.25*Sqr(0.3*1.04 / (138*1) + 1.9*150,393.79*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)) + 0
= 20.18 mm

Design thickness, (at 21.11 °C) UG-34(c)(2), gasket seating

t = d*Sqr(1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)) + Corrosion


= 318.25*Sqr(1.9*619,937.28*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)) + 0
= 27.09 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C )

P = (S*E / C)*((t / d)2 - (1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3))) - Ps


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*((35 / 318.25)2 - (1.9*452,223.65*27.37 / (138*1*318.253))) - 7.175
= 3,124.17 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C )

P = (S*E / C)*((t / d)2 - (1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)))


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*((35 / 318.25)2 - (1.9*452,223.65*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)))
= 3,131.35 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure, (at 65.56 °C) U-2(g)

t = d*Sqr(C*Pa / (S*E)) + Corrosion

25/139
= 318.25*Sqr(0.3*0.1 / (138*1)) + 0
= 4.77 mm

Maximum allowable external pressure, (at 65.56 °C ) U-2(g)

Pa = (S*E / C)*(t / d)2


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*(35 / 318.25)2
= 5,563.47 kPa

26/139
Channel Cover Flange (front)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric , Appendix 2 Flange Calculations
Flange Type Weld neck integral
Attachment Type Figure 2-4 sketch (6)
Flange Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Front Channel (Left)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa)
Operating 7.18
Dimensions
Flange OD, A 421 mm
Flange ID, B 254.51 mm
Bolt Circle, C 373 mm
Gasket OD 331 mm
Gasket ID 305 mm
Raised Face ID 334 mm
Facing Height, trf 5 mm
Flange Thickness, t 35 mm
Hub Thickness, g1 27 mm
Hub Thickness, g0 9.27 mm
Hub Length, h 54 mm
Length, e 89 mm
Corrosion Bore 0 mm
Corrosion Flange 0 mm
Bolting
Material SA-193 B8 1 Bolt (II-D Metric p. 396, ln. 20)
Description 20 - 0.875" dia coarse threaded
Corrosion on root 0 mm

27/139
Gasket
Description Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and nickel-base alloys
Factor, m 3.75
Seating Stress, y 62.053 MPa
Thickness, T 4.5 mm
Weight (kg)
New 33.75 kg
Corroded 33.75 kg

Pass Partition
Gasket factor m' 3.75
Gasket seating stress Y' 62.053 MPa
Effective seating width br 9 mm
Total rib length rl 254 mm

Results Summary
Flange design thickness: 27.91 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure, MAWP: 4,560.02 kPa @ 65.56 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable pressure, MAP: 4,866.67 kPa @ 21.11 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable external pressure, MAEP: 20,279.33 kPa @ 65.56 °C
Rated MDMT -196 °C

Note: this flange is calculated as an integral type.

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Bolts rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

28/139
Stress Summary
P SH Allow SR ST (SH + SR) / 2 (SH + ST) / 2 Allow
(kPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
Design Weight Oper 27.159 207 26.869 14.157 27.014 20.658 138
1,041.38
P Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138
Design Weight Oper 0.702 207 0.695 0.366 0.698 0.534 138
103.42
Pe Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138

Bolt Summary
P W Am Ab
(kPa) (N) (cm2) (cm2)
Oper 150,393.75 12.33
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31
Oper 14,935.88 0
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31

Rigidity Summary
P
J Allow
(kPa)
Oper 0.0913 1
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38
Seating 0.2735 1
Oper 0.0024 1
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42
Seating 0.2735 1

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

29/139
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*1.0414*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 67,594.58 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*1.0414
= 82,799.17 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*1.0414
= 52,952.59 N

HT = H - HD
= 82,799.17 - 52,952.59
= 29,846.58 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 82,799.17 + 67,594.58
= 150,393.75 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 150,393.75/(100*122) = 12.3274 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

MD = HD*hD = 52,952.59*0.0457 = 2,422.3 N-m


MT = HT*hT = 29,846.58*0.0433 = 1,292.6 N-m

HG = Wm1 - H = 150,393.75 - 82,799.17 = 67,594.58 N

MG = HG*hG = 67,594.58*0.0274 = 1,850.3 N-m

Mo = MD + MT + MG = 2,422.3 + 1,292.6 + 1,850.3 = 5,565.2 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

30/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*5,565.2/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 27.159 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*5,565.2/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 26.869 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*5,565.2/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*26.869
= 14.157 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 27.014 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 20.658 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*5,565.2/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0913

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

31/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*0.1034*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 6,712.94 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*0.1034
= 8,222.94 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*0.1034
= 5,258.82 N

32/139
HT = H - HD
= 8,222.94 - 5,258.82
= 2,964.12 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 8,222.94 + 6,712.94
= 14,935.88 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*122) = 0 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)


= 5,258.82*(0.0457 - 0.0274) + 2,964.12*(0.0433 - 0.0274)
= 143.9 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

33/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*143.9/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 0.702 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*143.9/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 0.695 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*143.9/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*0.695
= 0.366 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 0.698 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 0.534 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*143.9/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0024

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

34/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

35/139
Channel Cover Flange (front) - Flange hub

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Flange Hub
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 54 mm
Nominal Thickness 9.27 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 6.84 2.75
Corroded 6.84 2.75
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Right Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam

36/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.17 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 9,624.57 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 9,631.75 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,848.79 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (9.27 - 0) = 0.1751
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1752)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27) - 7.17
= 9,624.57 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27)
= 9,631.75 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.17 = 233.0473

From table G: A = 0.000189


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 18.0763 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*18,076.32 / (3*(273.05 / 1.17))
= 103.42 kPa

37/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.17 + 0 = 1.17 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / 9.27 = 29.4552

From table G: A = 0.004120


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 85.0253 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*85,025.29 / (3*(273.05 / 9.27))
= 3,848.79 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 95.03 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

38/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

39/139
Front Channel

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Cylinder
Material SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 42)
Pipe NPS and
NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250
Schedule
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 350 mm
Pipe Nominal
9.27 mm
Thickness
Pipe Minimum
8.11 mm
Thickness1
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 20.77 17.81
Corroded 20.77 17.81
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Left Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam
Right Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam
1
Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

40/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.17 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 8,464.95 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 8,472.13 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,304.4 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (8.11 - 0) = 0.2002
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2002)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875)) - 7.17
= 8,464.95 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875))
= 8,472.13 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.17 = 233.0473

From table G: A = 0.000189


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 18.0763 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*18,076.32 / (3*(273.05 / 1.17))
= 103.42 kPa

41/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.17 + 0 = 1.17 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / (9.27*0.875) = 33.6631

From table G: A = 0.003474


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 83.4274 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*83,427.38 / (3*(273.05 / (9.27*0.875)))
= 3,304.4 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 89.93 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 89.93 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 89.93 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 93.85 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 89.93 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

42/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 89.93 MPa

43/139
Shell

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Cylinder
Material SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 42)
Pipe NPS and
NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250
Schedule
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.21 93.33
-29
External 103.42 93.33
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 6.17 732.26 0.86
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 1,530 mm
Pipe Nominal
9.27 mm
Thickness
Pipe Minimum
8.11 mm
Thickness1
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 93.54 51.09
Corroded 93.54 51.09
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
1
Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

44/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.89 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 8,404.57 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 8,472.13 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 2,362.63 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,603.18*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,603.18) = 1.49 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.49*1 / (8.11 - 0) = 0.1835
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1835)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 93.33 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,040.38*127.26 / (137,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,040.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 93.33 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 137,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875)) - 6.17
= 8,404.57 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875))
= 8,472.13 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 93.33 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 1,580 / 273.05 = 5.7865


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.89 = 144.7143

From table G: A = 0.000120


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 11.2249 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*11,224.9 / (3*(273.05 / 1.89))
= 103.42 kPa

45/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.89 + 0 = 1.89 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 93.33 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 1,580 / 273.05 = 5.7865


Do / t = 273.05 / (9.27*0.875) = 33.6631

From table G: A = 0.001177


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 59.6502 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*59,650.24 / (3*(273.05 / (9.27*0.875)))
= 2,362.63 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 85.86 MPa
S = 137 / 1.00 = 137 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 85.86 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 85.86 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 93.85 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 85.86 MPa
S = 137 / 1.00 = 137 MPa

46/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 85.86 MPa

47/139
Tube Side Flange (front)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric , Appendix 2 Flange Calculations
Flange Type Weld neck integral
Attachment Type Figure 2-4 sketch (6)
Flange Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Front Channel (Right)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa)
Operating 7.18
Dimensions
Flange OD, A 421 mm
Flange ID, B 254.51 mm
Bolt Circle, C 373 mm
Gasket OD 331 mm
Gasket ID 305 mm
Raised Face ID 334 mm
Facing Height, trf 5 mm
Flange Thickness, t 35 mm
Hub Thickness, g1 27 mm
Hub Thickness, g0 9.27 mm
Hub Length, h 54 mm
Length, e 89 mm
Corrosion Bore 0 mm
Corrosion Flange 0 mm
Bolting
Material SA-193 B8 1 Bolt (II-D Metric p. 396, ln. 20)
Description 20 - 0.875" dia coarse threaded
Corrosion on root 0 mm

48/139
Gasket
Description Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and nickel-base alloys
Factor, m 3.75
Seating Stress, y 62.053 MPa
Thickness, T 4.5 mm
Weight (kg)
New 33.75 kg
Corroded 33.75 kg

Pass Partition
Gasket factor m' 3.75
Gasket seating stress Y' 62.053 MPa
Effective seating width br 9 mm
Total rib length rl 254 mm

Results Summary
Flange design thickness: 27.91 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure, MAWP: 4,560.02 kPa @ 65.56 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable pressure, MAP: 4,866.67 kPa @ 21.11 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable external pressure, MAEP: 20,279.33 kPa @ 65.56 °C
Rated MDMT -196 °C

Note: this flange is calculated as an integral type.

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Bolts rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

49/139
Stress Summary
P SH Allow SR ST (SH + SR) / 2 (SH + ST) / 2 Allow
(kPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
Design Weight Oper 27.159 207 26.869 14.157 27.014 20.658 138
1,041.38
P Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138
Design Weight Oper 0.702 207 0.695 0.366 0.698 0.534 138
103.42
Pe Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138

Bolt Summary
P W Am Ab
(kPa) (N) (cm2) (cm2)
Oper 150,393.75 12.33
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31
Oper 14,935.88 0
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31

Rigidity Summary
P
J Allow
(kPa)
Oper 0.0913 1
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38
Seating 0.2735 1
Oper 0.0024 1
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42
Seating 0.2735 1

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

50/139
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*1.0414*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 67,594.58 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*1.0414
= 82,799.17 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*1.0414
= 52,952.59 N

HT = H - HD
= 82,799.17 - 52,952.59
= 29,846.58 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 82,799.17 + 67,594.58
= 150,393.75 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 150,393.75/(100*122) = 12.3274 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

MD = HD*hD = 52,952.59*0.0457 = 2,422.3 N-m


MT = HT*hT = 29,846.58*0.0433 = 1,292.6 N-m

HG = Wm1 - H = 150,393.75 - 82,799.17 = 67,594.58 N

MG = HG*hG = 67,594.58*0.0274 = 1,850.3 N-m

Mo = MD + MT + MG = 2,422.3 + 1,292.6 + 1,850.3 = 5,565.2 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

51/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*5,565.2/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 27.159 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*5,565.2/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 26.869 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*5,565.2/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*26.869
= 14.157 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 27.014 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 20.658 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*5,565.2/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0913

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

52/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*0.1034*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 6,712.94 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*0.1034
= 8,222.94 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*0.1034
= 5,258.82 N

53/139
HT = H - HD
= 8,222.94 - 5,258.82
= 2,964.12 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 8,222.94 + 6,712.94
= 14,935.88 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*122) = 0 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)


= 5,258.82*(0.0457 - 0.0274) + 2,964.12*(0.0433 - 0.0274)
= 143.9 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

54/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*143.9/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 0.702 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*143.9/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 0.695 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*143.9/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*0.695
= 0.366 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 0.698 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 0.534 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*143.9/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0024

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

55/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

56/139
Tube Side Flange (front) - Flange hub

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Flange Hub
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 54 mm
Nominal Thickness 9.27 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 6.84 2.75
Corroded 6.84 2.75
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Left Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam

57/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.17 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 9,624.57 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 9,631.75 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,848.79 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (9.27 - 0) = 0.1751
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1752)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27) - 7.17
= 9,624.57 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27)
= 9,631.75 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.17 = 233.0473

From table G: A = 0.000189


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 18.0763 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*18,076.32 / (3*(273.05 / 1.17))
= 103.42 kPa

58/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.17 + 0 = 1.17 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 533 / 273.05 = 1.9520


Do / t = 273.05 / 9.27 = 29.4552

From table G: A = 0.004120


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 85.0253 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*85,025.29 / (3*(273.05 / 9.27))
= 3,848.79 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 95.03 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

59/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

60/139
Tube Side Flange (rear)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric , Appendix 2 Flange Calculations
Flange Type Weld neck integral
Attachment Type Figure 2-4 sketch (6)
Flange Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Rear Channel (Left)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa)
Operating 7.18
Dimensions
Flange OD, A 421 mm
Flange ID, B 254.51 mm
Bolt Circle, C 373 mm
Gasket OD 331 mm
Gasket ID 305 mm
Raised Face ID 334 mm
Facing Height, trf 5 mm
Flange Thickness, t 35 mm
Hub Thickness, g1 27 mm
Hub Thickness, g0 9.27 mm
Hub Length, h 54 mm
Length, e 89 mm
Corrosion Bore 0 mm
Corrosion Flange 0 mm
Bolting
Material SA-193 B8 1 Bolt (II-D Metric p. 396, ln. 20)
Description 20 - 0.875" dia coarse threaded
Corrosion on root 0 mm

61/139
Gasket
Description Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and nickel-base alloys
Factor, m 3.75
Seating Stress, y 62.053 MPa
Thickness, T 4.5 mm
Weight (kg)
New 33.75 kg
Corroded 33.75 kg

Pass Partition
Gasket factor m' 3.75
Gasket seating stress Y' 62.053 MPa
Effective seating width br 9 mm
Total rib length rl 254 mm

Results Summary
Flange design thickness: 27.91 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure, MAWP: 4,560.02 kPa @ 65.56 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable pressure, MAP: 4,866.67 kPa @ 21.11 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable external pressure, MAEP: 20,279.33 kPa @ 65.56 °C
Rated MDMT -196 °C

Note: this flange is calculated as an integral type.

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Bolts rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

62/139
Stress Summary
P SH Allow SR ST (SH + SR) / 2 (SH + ST) / 2 Allow
(kPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
Design Weight Oper 27.159 207 26.869 14.157 27.014 20.658 138
1,041.38
P Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138
Design Weight Oper 0.702 207 0.695 0.366 0.698 0.534 138
103.42
Pe Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138

Bolt Summary
P W Am Ab
(kPa) (N) (cm2) (cm2)
Oper 150,393.75 12.33
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31
Oper 14,935.88 0
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31

Rigidity Summary
P
J Allow
(kPa)
Oper 0.0913 1
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38
Seating 0.2735 1
Oper 0.0024 1
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42
Seating 0.2735 1

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

63/139
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*1.0414*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 67,594.58 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*1.0414
= 82,799.17 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*1.0414
= 52,952.59 N

HT = H - HD
= 82,799.17 - 52,952.59
= 29,846.58 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 82,799.17 + 67,594.58
= 150,393.75 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 150,393.75/(100*122) = 12.3274 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

MD = HD*hD = 52,952.59*0.0457 = 2,422.3 N-m


MT = HT*hT = 29,846.58*0.0433 = 1,292.6 N-m

HG = Wm1 - H = 150,393.75 - 82,799.17 = 67,594.58 N

MG = HG*hG = 67,594.58*0.0274 = 1,850.3 N-m

Mo = MD + MT + MG = 2,422.3 + 1,292.6 + 1,850.3 = 5,565.2 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

64/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*5,565.2/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 27.159 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*5,565.2/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 26.869 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*5,565.2/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*26.869
= 14.157 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 27.014 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 20.658 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*5,565.2/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0913

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

65/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*0.1034*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 6,712.94 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*0.1034
= 8,222.94 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*0.1034
= 5,258.82 N

66/139
HT = H - HD
= 8,222.94 - 5,258.82
= 2,964.12 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 8,222.94 + 6,712.94
= 14,935.88 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*122) = 0 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)


= 5,258.82*(0.0457 - 0.0274) + 2,964.12*(0.0433 - 0.0274)
= 143.9 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

67/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*143.9/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 0.702 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*143.9/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 0.695 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*143.9/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*0.695
= 0.366 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 0.698 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 0.534 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*143.9/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0024

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

68/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

69/139
Tube Side Flange (rear) - Flange hub

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Flange Hub
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 54 mm
Nominal Thickness 9.27 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 6.84 2.75
Corroded 6.84 2.75
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Right Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam

70/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.02 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 9,624.57 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 9,631.75 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,987.86 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (9.27 - 0) = 0.1751
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1752)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27) - 7.17
= 9,624.57 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27)
= 9,631.75 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.02 = 266.6715

From table G: A = 0.000217


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 20.6843 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*20,684.25 / (3*(273.05 / 1.02))
= 103.42 kPa

71/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.02 + 0 = 1.02 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / 9.27 = 29.4552

From table G: A = 0.005945


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 88.0974 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*88,097.42 / (3*(273.05 / 9.27))
= 3,987.86 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 95.03 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

72/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

73/139
Rear Channel

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Cylinder
Material SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 42)
Pipe NPS and
NPS 10 Sch 40S (Std) DN 250
Schedule
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 200 mm
Pipe Nominal
9.27 mm
Thickness
Pipe Minimum
8.11 mm
Thickness1
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 11.95 10.17
Corroded 11.95 10.17
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Left Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam
Right Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam
1
Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

74/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.02 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 8,464.95 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 8,472.13 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,434.17 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (8.11 - 0) = 0.2002
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2002)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875)) - 7.17
= 8,464.95 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*(9.27*0.875) / (127.26 + 0.60*(9.27*0.875))
= 8,472.13 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.02 = 266.6715

From table G: A = 0.000217


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 20.6843 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*20,684.25 / (3*(273.05 / 1.02))
= 103.42 kPa

75/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.02 + 0 = 1.02 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / (9.27*0.875) = 33.6631

From table G: A = 0.005003


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 86.7035 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*86,703.54 / (3*(273.05 / (9.27*0.875)))
= 3,434.17 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 89.93 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 89.93 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 89.93 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 93.85 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 93.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / (9.27*0.875))
= 0.007427
B = 89.93 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

76/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 89.93 MPa

77/139
Channel Cover Flange (rear)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric , Appendix 2 Flange Calculations
Flange Type Weld neck integral
Attachment Type Figure 2-4 sketch (6)
Flange Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Rear Channel (Right)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa)
Operating 7.18
Dimensions
Flange OD, A 421 mm
Flange ID, B 254.51 mm
Bolt Circle, C 373 mm
Gasket OD 331 mm
Gasket ID 305 mm
Raised Face ID 334 mm
Facing Height, trf 5 mm
Flange Thickness, t 35 mm
Hub Thickness, g1 27 mm
Hub Thickness, g0 9.27 mm
Hub Length, h 54 mm
Length, e 89 mm
Corrosion Bore 0 mm
Corrosion Flange 0 mm
Bolting
Material SA-193 B8 1 Bolt (II-D Metric p. 396, ln. 20)
Description 20 - 0.875" dia coarse threaded
Corrosion on root 0 mm

78/139
Gasket
Description Flat metal, jacketed mineral fiber filled Stainless steels and nickel-base alloys
Factor, m 3.75
Seating Stress, y 62.053 MPa
Thickness, T 4.5 mm
Weight (kg)
New 33.75 kg
Corroded 33.75 kg

Pass Partition
Gasket factor m' 3.75
Gasket seating stress Y' 62.053 MPa
Effective seating width br 9 mm
Total rib length rl 254 mm

Results Summary
Flange design thickness: 27.91 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure, MAWP: 4,560.02 kPa @ 65.56 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable pressure, MAP: 4,866.67 kPa @ 21.11 °C (bolting limits)
Maximum allowable external pressure, MAEP: 20,279.33 kPa @ 65.56 °C
Rated MDMT -196 °C

Note: this flange is calculated as an integral type.

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Bolts rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

79/139
Stress Summary
P SH Allow SR ST (SH + SR) / 2 (SH + ST) / 2 Allow
(kPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
Design Weight Oper 27.159 207 26.869 14.157 27.014 20.658 138
1,041.38
P Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138
Design Weight Oper 0.702 207 0.695 0.366 0.698 0.534 138
103.42
Pe Only
Seating 82.813 207 81.928 43.168 82.371 62.991 138

Bolt Summary
P W Am Ab
(kPa) (N) (cm2) (cm2)
Oper 150,393.75 12.33
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31
Oper 14,935.88 0
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42 54.06
Seating 537,037.16 41.31

Rigidity Summary
P
J Allow
(kPa)
Oper 0.0913 1
Design P Weight Only 1,041.38
Seating 0.2735 1
Oper 0.0024 1
Design Pe Weight Only 103.42
Seating 0.2735 1

Flange calculations for Internal Pressure + Weight Only

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

80/139
hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*1.0414*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 67,594.58 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*1.0414
= 82,799.17 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*1.0414
= 52,952.59 N

HT = H - HD
= 82,799.17 - 52,952.59
= 29,846.58 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 82,799.17 + 67,594.58
= 150,393.75 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = Wm1/Sb = 150,393.75/(100*122) = 12.3274 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

MD = HD*hD = 52,952.59*0.0457 = 2,422.3 N-m


MT = HT*hT = 29,846.58*0.0433 = 1,292.6 N-m

HG = Wm1 - H = 150,393.75 - 82,799.17 = 67,594.58 N

MG = HG*hG = 67,594.58*0.0274 = 1,850.3 N-m

Mo = MD + MT + MG = 2,422.3 + 1,292.6 + 1,850.3 = 5,565.2 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

81/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*5,565.2/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 27.159 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*5,565.2/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 26.869 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*5,565.2/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*26.869
= 14.157 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 27.014 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 20.658 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*5,565.2/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0913

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

82/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Flange calculations for External Pressure + Weight Only per VIII-1, Appendix 2-11

Gasket details from facing sketch Confined gasket 1(a), Column II

Gasket width N = 13 mm

b0 = N/2 = 6.5 mm

Effective gasket seating width, b = 2.5*b01/2 = 6.37 mm

G = OD of contact face - 2*b = 331 - 2*6.37 = 318.25 mm

hG = (C - G)/2 = (373 - 318.25)/2 = 27.37 mm

hD = R + g1/2 = 32.25 + 27/2 = 45.75 mm

hT = (R + g1 + hG)/2 = (32.25 + 27 + 27.37)/2 = 43.31 mm

Hp = 2*P*(b*3.14*G*m + br*rl*m')
= 2*0.1034*(6.37*3.14*318.25*3.75 + 9*254*3.75)
= 6,712.94 N

H = 0.785*G2*P
= 0.785*318.252*0.1034
= 8,222.94 N

HD = 0.785*B2*P
= 0.785*254.512*0.1034
= 5,258.82 N

83/139
HT = H - HD
= 8,222.94 - 5,258.82
= 2,964.12 N

Wm1 = H + Hp
= 8,222.94 + 6,712.94
= 14,935.88 N

Wm2 = 3.14*b*G*y + br*rl*Y'


= 3.14*6.37*318.25*62.0528 + 9*254*62.053
= 537,037.16 N

The pass partition gasket load has been included in the calculation of Wm1 and Wm2 per TEMA RGP-RCB-11.7.

Required bolt area, Am = greater of Am1, Am2 = 41.3105 cm2

Am1 = 0.785*G2*(Pm - Pr)/Sb = 0/(100*122) = 0 cm2

Am2 = Wm2/Sa = 537,037.16/(100*130) = 41.3105 cm2

Total area for 20 - 0.875" dia bolts, corroded, Ab = 54.0644 cm2

W = (Am2 + Ab)*Sa/2
= (4,131.0546 + 5,406.4408)*130/2
= 619,937.28 N

Mo = HD*(hD - hG) + HT*(hT - hG)


= 5,258.82*(0.0457 - 0.0274) + 2,964.12*(0.0433 - 0.0274)
= 143.9 N-m

Mg = W*hG = 619,937.28*0.0274 = 16,969.5 N-m

The bolts are adequately spaced so the TEMA RCB-11.23 load concentration factor does not apply.

84/139
Hub and Flange Factors

g0 = min(g0, tn) = min(9.27, 8.11) = 8.11

h0 = (B*g0)1/2 = (254.51*8.11)1/2 = 45.44 mm

From FIG. 2-7.1, where K = A/B = 421/254.51 = 1.6542


T = 1.6445 Z = 2.1519 Y = 4.0323 U = 4.431
h/h0 = 1.1885 g1/g0 = 3.3287
F = 0.6466 V = 0.0598 e = F/h0 = 0.1423

d = (U/V)*h0*g02= (4.431/0.0598)*4.5436*0.81112
= 221.5872 cm3

Stresses at operating conditions - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

f=1

L = (t*e + 1)/T + t3/d


= (3.5*0.1423 + 1)/1.6445 + 3.53/221.5872
= 1.1044

SH = f*Mo/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*143.9/(1.1044*272*254.51)
= 0.702 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mo/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*143.9/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 0.695 MPa

ST = Y*Mo/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 1e3*4.0323*143.9/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*0.695
= 0.366 MPa

Allowable stress Sfo = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sno = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfo


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfo, 2.5*Sno ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + SR) = 0.698 MPa does not exceed Sfo
0.5(SH + ST) = 0.534 MPa does not exceed Sfo

Flange rigidity at operating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*143.9/(1.1044*191.76E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.0024

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

Stresses at gasket seating - VIII-1 Appendix 2-7

SH = f*Mg/(L*g12*B)
= 1e3*1*16,969.5/(1.1044*272*254.51)

85/139
= 82.813 MPa

SR = (1.33*t*e + 1)*Mg/(L*t2*B)
= (1.33*35*0.0142 + 1)*1e3*16,969.5/(1.1044*352*254.51)
= 81.928 MPa

ST = Y*Mg/(t2*B) - Z*SR
= 4.0323*1e3*16,969.5/(352*254.51) - 2.1519*81.928
= 43.168 MPa

Allowable stress Sfa = 138 MPa


Allowable stress Sna = 138 MPa

ST does not exceed Sfa


SH does not exceed Min[ 1.5*Sfa, 2.5*Sna ] = 207 MPa
SR does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + SR) = 82.371 MPa does not exceed Sfa
0.5(SH + ST) = 62.991 MPa does not exceed Sfa

Flange rigidity at gasket seating per VIII-1 Appendix 2-14

J = 52.14*V*Mo/(L*E*g02*KI*h0)
= 1e3*52.14*0.0598*16,969.5/(1.1044*195.23E+03*8.112*0.3*45.44)
= 0.2735

The flange rigidity index J does not exceed 1; satisfactory.

86/139
Channel Cover Flange (rear) - Flange hub

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Flange Hub
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Inner Diameter 254.51 mm
Length 54 mm
Nominal Thickness 9.27 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 6.84 2.75
Corroded 6.84 2.75
Radiography
Longitudinal seam Seamless No RT
Left Circumferential
Full UW-11(a) Type 1
seam

87/139
Results Summary
Governing condition UG-16
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.97 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 1.02 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 9,624.57 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 9,631.75 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 3,987.86 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.34*127.26 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,747.34) = 1.62 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 1.62*1 / (9.27 - 0) = 0.1751
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.1752)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

t = P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 1,041.38*127.26 / (138,000*1.00 - 0.60*1,041.38) + 0
= 0.97 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27) - 7.17
= 9,624.57 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) UG-27(c)(1)

P = S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*9.27 / (127.26 + 0.60*9.27)
= 9,631.75 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / 1.02 = 266.6715

From table G: A = 0.000217


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 20.6843 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*20,684.25 / (3*(273.05 / 1.02))
= 103.42 kPa

88/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 103.42 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 1.02 + 0 = 1.02 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 65.56 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 383 / 273.05 = 1.4027


Do / t = 273.05 / 9.27 = 29.4552

From table G: A = 0.005945


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 88.0974 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*88,097.42 / (3*(273.05 / 9.27))
= 3,987.86 kPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScHC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN = ScHC
= 91.05 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 95.03 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa
ScCN = min(B, S) = 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC = ScCN
= 95.03 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A = 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (136.53 / 9.27)
= 0.008487
B = 91.05 MPa
S = 138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

89/139
ScVC = min(B, S) = 91.05 MPa

90/139
Channel Cover (rear)

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Bolted Cover
Material SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Attached To Channel Cover Flange (rear)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,034.2 65.56
-29
External 103.42 65.56
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.18 732.26 1
Test horizontal 4.19 427.26 1
Dimensions
Outer Diameter 421 mm
Bolt Circle, BC 373 mm
Nominal Thickness 35 mm
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 39.11 0
Corroded 39.11 0
Radiography
Category A joints Seamless No RT

91/139
Results Summary
Governing condition gasket seating
Minimum thickness per UG-16 2.5 mm + 0 mm = 2.5 mm
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 20.18 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 4.77 mm
Design thickness due to gasket seating 27.09 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 3,124.17 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 3,131.35 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 5,563.47 kPa
Rated MDMT -196°C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Figure UG-34 Diameter

d = BC - 2*hG
= 373 - 2*27.37
= 318.25 mm

Design thickness, (at 65.56 °C) UG-34(c)(2), flange operating

t = d*Sqr(C*P / (S*E) + 1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)) + Corrosion


= 318.25*Sqr(0.3*1.04 / (138*1) + 1.9*150,393.79*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)) + 0
= 20.18 mm

Design thickness, (at 21.11 °C) UG-34(c)(2), gasket seating

t = d*Sqr(1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)) + Corrosion


= 318.25*Sqr(1.9*619,937.28*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)) + 0
= 27.09 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 65.56 °C )

P = (S*E / C)*((t / d)2 - (1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3))) - Ps


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*((35 / 318.25)2 - (1.9*452,223.65*27.37 / (138*1*318.253))) - 7.175
= 3,124.17 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C )

P = (S*E / C)*((t / d)2 - (1.9*W*hG / (S*E*d3)))


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*((35 / 318.25)2 - (1.9*452,223.65*27.37 / (138*1*318.253)))
= 3,131.35 kPa

Design thickness for external pressure, (at 65.56 °C) U-2(g)

t = d*Sqr(C*Pa / (S*E)) + Corrosion

92/139
= 318.25*Sqr(0.3*0.1 / (138*1)) + 0
= 4.77 mm

Maximum allowable external pressure, (at 65.56 °C ) U-2(g)

Pa = (S*E / C)*(t / d)2


= (138*1000*1 / 0.3)*(35 / 318.25)2
= 5,563.47 kPa

93/139
Tubesheet -- ASME

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Type of heat exchanger: Fixed Both Ends
Fixed\Stationary tubesheet per Fig. UHX-13.1 Configuration b:
Type of construction:
shell-side integral, tubesheet extended as a flange
Calculate as simply supported: No
Tubesheet material specification: SA-182 F304 <= 125 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 21)
Tube layout: Triangular
Tubesheet outer diameter, A: 421 mm
Tubesheet thickness, h: 50 mm (tdesign = 38.1 mm)
Number of tubes, Nt: 138
Tube pitch, p: 15.88 mm
Tube hole diameter: 12.95 mm (Custom Fit)
Radius to outer tube center, ro: 114.08 mm
Total area of untubed lanes, AL: 0 mm2
Pass partition groove depth, hg: 4.76 mm
Corrosion allowance shell side , cs: 0 mm
Corrosion allowance tube side , ct: 0 mm
Tubesheet poisson's ratio, ν: 0.3
Perimeter of the tube layout, Cp: 759.67 mm
Total area enclosed by Cp, Ap: 0.0459 m2
Consider radial thermal expansion per UHX-13.8: No
Stepped Tubesheet
Step 1 diameter tube side 331 mm
Step 1 depth tube side 6 mm
Step 2 diameter tube side 251 mm
Step 2 depth tube side 5 mm
Gasket groove depth shell side: 0 mm

94/139
Shell
Material specification: SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 42)
Inner diameter, Ds: 254.51 mm
Thickness, ts: 9.27 mm
Inner corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Outer corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Poisson's ratio, νs: 0.31
Circumferential weld joint efficiency, Es,w: 1
Channel
Material specification: SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 42)
Inner diameter, Dc: 254.51 mm
Thickness, tc: 9.27 mm
Inner corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Outer corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Poisson's ratio, νc: 0.3
Tubes
Tube material specification: SA-213 TP304 Smls tube (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 25)
Tube outer diameter, dt: 12.7 mm
Tube nominal thickness, tt: 1.65 mm
Tube minimum thickness, tt,min: 1.44 mm
Tube tolerance: 12.5%
Tube length between outer tubesheet faces, Lt: 1,630 mm
Tube inner corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Tube outer corrosion allowance: 0 mm
Tube expansion depth ratio, ρ: 0.85
Tube poisson's ratio, νt: 0.3
Flange

95/139
Bolt circle diameter, C: 373 mm
Channel side gasket load reaction diameter, Gc: 318.25 mm
Tube Supports
Tube supports present: Yes
Support all tubes: No
Maximum distance from tubesheet to first support: 395.24 mm
Maximum distance between tube supports: 179.08 mm
Tube-To-Tubesheet Joints
Calculation method: UHX-13.5.9(b)
Weld type: Full strength weld per UW-20.4
Joint type: Figure UW-20.1 sketch(c)
Fillet weld leg, af: 2 mm
Groove weld leg, ag: 2 mm
Weld corrosion allowance on tube side: 0 mm
Weld corrosion allowance on shell side: 0 mm

Tube-To-Tubesheet Joint Loads


Tube-To-Tubesheet Minimum Weld Sizes
Summary Tables

Tubesheet Design Thickness Summary


tdesign
Condition
(mm)
Design 38.0951553

Tubesheet Effective Bolt Load


W*
Condition Load Case
(N)
Load case 1 150,393.75
Load case 2 0

Design Load case 3 150,393.75


Load case 4 0
Load case 5 619,937.28
Load case 6 619,937.28
Load case 7 619,937.28
Load case 8 619,937.28

96/139
Pressures
Shell Side Tube Side
Condition
Psd,max Psd,min Psox,max Psox,min Static Pressure Ptd,max Ptd,min Ptox,max Ptox,min Static Pressure Consider
Consider Liquid
(kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) (kPa) Liquid
Design 1,034.21 -103.42 1,034.21 -103.42 6.17 Yes 1,034.2 -103.42 1,034.2 -103.42 7.18 Yes

Temperatures
Tube
Tubesheet design Shell design Channel design Tube design Shell mean
mean
Condition T Ts Tc Tt Ts,m
Tt,m
(°C) (°C) (°C) (°C) (°C)
(°C)
Design 93.33 93.33 65.56 93.33 60.06 51.74

Material Properties
Mean
Modulus of Allowable Yield
Coefficient
Condition Component Material Elasticity Stress Stress
Thermal
(MPa) (MPa) (MPa)
Expansion

Shell SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe Es = 189,534 Ss = 137 Sy,s = 173 αs,m = 1.57E-05

Design Channel SA-312 TP304 Wld & smls pipe Ec = 191,755 Sc = 138 Sy,c = 184 N/A

Tubesheet SA-182 F304 <= 125 E = 189,534 S = 137 Sy = 173 N/A

Et = 189,534 St = 137 Sy,t = 173 αt,m = 1.56E-05


Tubes SA-213 TP304 Smls tube
EtT =189,534 StT =137 N/A N/A

Calculations for Design Condition

Table UHX-13.4-1
Shell Side Tube Side
Design
Design Design
Loading
Pressure, P s Pressure, P t
Case
(kPa) (kPa)
1 -103.42 1,041.38
2 1,040.38 -103.42
3 1,040.38 1,041.38
4 -103.42 -103.42

97/139
Table UHX-13.4-2
Axial Mean
Operating Pressure
Metal Temperature
Operating
Loading Case Shell,
Shell Side, P s Tube Side, P t Tubes, Tt,m
Ts,m
(kPa) (kPa) (°C)
(°C)
5 -103.42 1,041.38
6 1,040.38 -103.42 51.74 60.06

7 1,040.38 1,041.38
8 -103.42 -103.42

UHX-9.5
hr,operating = (1.9*Wm1*hG / (Sfe*G))0.5
hr,gasket seating = (1.9*W*hG / (Sa*G))0.5
hr = max[hr,gasket seating , hr,operating]
Condition Design
Operating

New or corroded
Load case 1, 3, 5, 7 hr = (1.9*150,393.75*27.37 / (137*318.25))0.5 = 13.39
Load case 2, 4, 6, 8 hr = (1.9*15,972.03*27.37 / (137*318.25))0.5 = 4.36
Gasket Seating

New or corroded All load cases hr = (1.9*619,937.28*27.37 / (138*318.25))0.5 = 27.09


Tubesheet Design Thickness to Maintain hr = 27.09 + 0 + 11 = 38.09 mm

98/139
UHX-13.5.1 Step 1
Do = 2*ro + dt
µ = (p - dt) / p
d* = MAX{[dt - 2*tt*(EtT / E)*(StT / S)*ρ], [dt - 2*tt]}
p* = p / (1 - 4*MIN(AL, 4*Do*p) / (π*Do2))0.5
µ* = (p* - d*) / p*
hg' = MAX[(hg - ct), 0] for pressure load only. For load cases 5, 6, 7, 8 hg' = 0.
ao = Do / 2
ρs = as / ao
ρc = ac / ao
xt = 1 - Nt*((dt - 2*tt) / (2*ao))2
xs = 1 - Nt*(dt / (2*ao))2
Condition Design
New or corroded Do = 2*114.08 + 12.7 = 240.86
New or corroded µ = (15.88 - 12.7) / 15.88 = 0.2
*
d = MAX{[12.7 - 2*1.65*(189,533.602 / 189,533.602)*(137 / 137)*0.85],
New or corroded
[12.7 - 2*1.65]} =
9.895

New or corroded p* = 15.88 / (1 - 4*MIN(0, 4*240.86*15.88) / (π*240.862))0.5 = 15.88


New or corroded µ* = (15.875 - 9.895) / 15.875 = 0.376693
New or corroded hg' = 4.76
New or corroded ao = 240.86 / 2 = 120.43
New or corroded ρs = 127.26 / 120.43 = 1.056672
New or corroded ρc = 159.13 / 120.43 = 1.321325
New or corroded xs = 1 - 138*(12.7 / (2*120.43))2 = 0.616331
New or corroded xt = 1 - 138*((12.7 - 2*1.65) / (2*120.43))2 = 0.789813

99/139
UHX-13.5.2 Step 2
Ks = π*ts*(Ds + ts)*Es / L
Kt = π*tt*(dt - tt)*Et / L
Ks,t = Ks / (Nt*Kt)
J = 1 / (1 + Ks / KJ)
βs = (12*(1 - νs2))0.25 / ((Ds + ts)*ts)0.5
ks = βs*Es*ts3 / (6*(1 - νs2))
λs = (6*Ds / h3)*ks*(1 + h*βs + h2*βs2 / 2)
δs = Ds2 / (4*Es*ts) * (1 - νs / 2)
βc, kc, λc, & δc = 0 for configuration b
Condition Design
New or corroded Ks = π*9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)*189,533.602 / 1,530 = 951,625.75
New or corroded Kt = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*189,533.602 / 1,530 = 7,095.63
New or corroded Ks,t = 951,625.75 / (138*7,095.63) = 0.971843
New or corroded J = 1 as no expansion joint used

New or corroded βs = (12*(1 - 0.31 2))0.25 / ((254.51 + 9.27)*9.27) 0.5 = 0.0366999


New or corroded ks = 0.0366999*189,533.602*9.273 / (6*(1 - 0.312)) = 1,021,688.36
New or corroded λs = (6*254.51 / 503)*1,021,688*(1 + 50*0.0366999 + 502*0.03669992 / 2) = 56,398.545
New or corroded δs = 254.512 / (4*189,533.602*9.27) * (1 - 0.31 / 2) = 7.7883E-03

100/139
UHX-13.5.3 Step 3
E* / E = α0 + α1*µ* + α2*µ*2 + α3*µ*3 + α4*µ*4
ν* = β0 + β1*µ* + β2*µ*2 + β3*µ*3 + β4*µ*4
η = (E* / E)*(1 - ν2) / (1 - ν*2)
Xa = [24*(1 - ν*2)*Nt*Et*tt*(dt - tt)*ao2 / (E**L*h3)]0.25
Condition Design
New or corroded h / p = 50 / 15.88 = 3.1496
New or corroded - from Fig. UHX-11.3(a) E* / E = 0.3826
New or corroded E* = 0.3825602*189,533.602 = 72,508.005
New or corroded - from Fig. UHX-11.3(b) ν* = 0.3169
Xa = [24*(1 - 0.31690352)*138*189,533.602*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*120.432 /
New or corroded 1.8115
(72,508.005*1,530*503)]0.25 =
New or corroded Zd = 0.2372706
New or corroded Zv = 0.1708334
New or corroded Zm = 0.7021108
New or corroded Zw = 0.1708334
New or corroded Za = 0.6813928

101/139
UHX-13.5.4 Step 4
K = A / Do
F = ((1 - ν*) / E*)*(λs + λc + E*ln(K))
Φ = (1 + ν*)*F
Q1 = (ρs - 1 - Φ*Zv) / (1 + Φ*Zm)
Qz1 = (Zd + Q1*Zw)*Xa4 / 2
Qz2 = (Zv + Q1*Zm)*Xa4 / 2
U = [Zw + (ρs - 1)*Zm]*Xa4 / (1 +Φ*Zm)
Condition Design
New or corroded K = 421 / 240.86 = 1.7479033
F = ((1 - 0.3169035) / 72,508.005)*(56,398,545.39 + 0 + 189,533,601.82*ln(1.7479)) /
New or corroded 1.5284348
1000 =
New or corroded Φ = (1 + 0.3169035)*1.5284348 = 2.0128011
New or corroded Q1 = (1.0566719 - 1 - 2.0128011*0.1708334) / (1 + 2.0128011*0.7021108) = -0.1190041
New or corroded Qz1 = (0.2372706 + -0.1190041*0.1708334)*1.81148694 / 2 = 1.168
New or corroded Qz2 = (0.1708334 + -0.1190041*0.7021108)*1.81148694 / 2 = 0.4699
U = [0.1708334 + (1.0566719 - 1)*0.7021108]*1.81148694 / (1 +2.0128011*0.7021108)
New or corroded 0.9398
=

UHX-13.5.5 Step 5
γb = (Gc - C) / Do
Tr = (T' + Ts') / 2
Condition Design
New or corroded γb = (318.25 - 373) / 240.86 = -0.2272927

102/139
UHX-13.5.5 Step 5
γ = [αt,m*(Tt,m - Ta) - αs,m*(Ts,m - Ta)]*L
ωs = ρs*ks*βs*δs*(1 + h*βs)
ωc = ρc*kc*βc*δc*(1 + h*βc)
ωs* = ao2*(ρs2 - 1)*(ρs - 1) / 4 - ωs
ωc* = ao2*[(ρc2 + 1)*(ρc - 1) / 4 - (ρs - 1) / 2] - ωc
Condition Design
Ps (kPa) Pt (kPa)
Load Case 1 -103.42 1,041.38
Load Case 2 1,040.38 -103.42
Load Case 3 1,040.38 1,041.38
Load Case 4 -103.42 -103.42
Load Case 5 -103.42 1,041.38
Load Case 6 1,040.38 -103.42
Load Case 7 1,040.38 1,041.38
Load Case 8 -103.42 -103.42
Load case 1, 2,
3, 4 γ= 0
New or corroded
Load case 5, 6,
7, 8 γ = [1.56E-05*(51.74 - 20) - 1.57E-05*(60.06 - 20)]*1,530 = -0.2049669

ωs = 1.0566719*1,021,688*0.0366999*7.788261E-03*(1 + 50*0.0366999)
New or corroded All load cases 874.8141
=
New or corroded All load cases ωs* = 120.432*(1.05667192 - 1)*(1.0566719 - 1) / 4 - 874.8140702 = -850.8638
New or corroded All load cases ωc = 1.3213248*0.0*0.0*0*(1 + 50*0.0) = 0
ωc* = 120.432*[(1.32132482 + 1)*(1.3213248 - 1) / 4 - (1.0566719 - 1) / 2] -
New or corroded All load cases 2,788.2087
0.0 =

103/139
UHX-13.5.6 Step 6
Ps' = (xs + 2*(1 - xs)*νt + 2 / Ks,t*(Ds / Do)2*νs - (ρs2 - 1) / (J*Ks,t) - (1 - J)*[Dj2 - Ds2] / (2*J*Ks,t*Do2))*Ps
Pt' = (xt + 2*(1 - xt)*νt + 1 / (J*Ks,t))*Pt
Pγ = Nt*Kt*γ / (π*ao2)
PW = - U*γb*W* / (2*π*ao2)
Prim = - U / ao2*(ωs**Ps - ωc**Pt)
Pe = J*Ks,t / (1 + J*Ks,t*[QZ1 + (ρs - 1)*QZ2] )*(Ps' - Pt' + Pγ + PW + Prim)
Condition Design
Ps' = (0.6163306 + 2*(1 - 0.6163306)*0.3 + 2 / 0.9718434*(254.51 / 240.86)2*0.31
Load case
1, 4, 5, 8 - (1.05667192 - 1) / (1.0*0.9718434) - (1 - 1.0)*[02 - 254.512] / -148.81
New or corroded
(2*1.0*0.9718434*240.862))*-103.42 =
Ps' = (0.6163306 + 2*(1 - 0.6163306)*0.3 + 2 / 0.9718434*(254.51 / 240.86)2*0.31
Load case
2, 3, 6, 7 - (1.05667192 - 1) / (1.0*0.9718434) - (1 - 1.0)*[02 - 254.512] / 1,497.03
(2*1.0*0.9718434*240.862))*1,040.38 =
Load case
1, 3, 5, 7 Pt' = (0.7898132 + 2*(1 - 0.7898132)*0.3 + 1 / (1.0*0.9718434))*1,041.38 = 2,025.37
New or corroded
Load case
2, 4, 6, 8 Pt' = (0.7898132 + 2*(1 - 0.7898132)*0.3 + 1 / (1.0*0.9718434))*-103.42 = -201.14
Load case
1, 2, 3, 4 Pγ = 138*7,095.63*0.0 / (π*120.432)*1000 = 0
New or corroded
Load case
5, 6, 7, 8 Pγ = 138*7,095.63*-0.2049669 / (π*120.432)*1000 = -4,404.88
Load case
1, 3 PW = - 0.9398367*-0.2272927*150,393.75 / (2*π*120.432)*1000 = 352.55
New or corroded
Load case
2, 4 PW = - 0.9398367*-0.2272927*0 / (2*π*120.432)*1000 = 0
Load case
5, 6, 7, 8 PW = - 0.9398367*-0.2272927*619,937.28 / (2*π*120.432)*1000 = 1,453.24
Load case
1, 5 Prim = - 0.9398367 / 120.432*(-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38) = 182.45
Load case
New or corroded 2, 6 Prim = - 0.9398367 / 120.432*(-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) = 38.68

Load case Prim = - 0.9398367 / 120.432*(-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38)


3, 7 245.52
=
Load case
4, 8 Prim = - 0.9398367 / 120.432*(-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) = -24.39

Load case Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -


1 -737.17
1)*0.4699184] )*(-148.8146 - 2,025.3712 + 0 + 352.5481 + 182.4529) =

Load case Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -


2 781.09
1)*0.4699184] )*(1,497.0277 - -201.1433 + 0 + 0 + 38.6775) =

Load case Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -


3 31.36
1)*0.4699184] )*(1,497.0277 - 2,025.3712 + 0 + 352.5481 + 245.5187) =

Load case Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -


4 12.57
1)*0.4699184] )*(-148.8146 - -201.1433 + 0 + 0 + -24.3884) =
New or corroded

Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -


Load case
5 1)*0.4699184] )*(-148.8146 - 2,025.3712 + -4,404.8838 + 1,453.2367 + -2,223.11
182.4529) =

104/139
Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -
Load case
6 1)*0.4699184] )*(1,497.0277 - -201.1433 + -4,404.8838 + 1,453.2367 + 38.6775) -546.31
=
Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -
Load case
7 1)*0.4699184] )*(1,497.0277 - 2,025.3712 + -4,404.8838 + 1,453.2367 + -1,454.59
245.5187) =
Pe = 1.0*0.9718434 / (1 + 1.0*0.9718434*[1.1680243 + (1.0566719 -
Load case
8 1)*0.4699184] )*(-148.8146 - -201.1433 + -4,404.8838 + 1,453.2367 + -24.3884) -1,314.84
=

UHX-13.5.7 Step 7
Q2 = ((ωs**Ps - ωc**Pt) + γb*W* / (2*π)) / (1 + Φ*Zm)
Q3 = Q1 + 2*Q2 / (Pe*ao2)
Fm is calculated per Table UHX-13.1
σ = (1.5*Fm / µ*)*(2*ao / (h - hg'))2*Pe
If Pe = 0, σ = 6*Q2 / (µ**(h - hg')2)
Condition Design
Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38) / 1000 + -0.2272927*150,393.75 / (2*π)) / (1 +
-3,421.1852
1 2.0128011*0.7021108) =

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) / 1000 + -0.2272927*0 / (2*π)) / (1 + 2.0128011*0.7021108)


-247.3322
2 =

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38) / 1000 + -0.2272927*150,393.75 / (2*π)) / (1 +


-3,824.4742
3 2.0128011*0.7021108) =
New or corroded
Load case
Q2 = ((-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) / 1000 + -0.2272927*0 / (2*π)) / (1 + 2.0128011*0.7021108) = 155.9569
4

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38) / 1000 + -0.2272927*619,937.28 / (2*π)) / (1 +


-10,459.79
5 2.0128011*0.7021108) =

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) / 1000 + -0.2272927*619,937.28 / (2*π)) / (1 +


-9,540.384
6 2.0128011*0.7021108) =

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*1,040.38 - 2,788.2086677*1,041.38) / 1000 + -0.2272927*619,937.28 / (2*π)) / (1 +


-10,863.08
7 2.0128011*0.7021108) =

Load case Q2 = ((-850.8638043*-103.42 - 2,788.2086677*-103.42) / 1000 + -0.2272927*619,937.28 / (2*π)) / (1 +


-9,137.0949
8 2.0128011*0.7021108) =

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-3,421.1852 / (-737.1669*120.43 2 / 1000) = 0.5209831
1

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-247.3322 / (781.0877*120.43 2 / 1000) = -0.1626699
2

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-3,824.4742 / (31.3556*120.43 2 / 1000) = -16.9386371
3
New or corroded
Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*155.9569 / (12.5652*120.43 2 / 1000) = 1.5925726
4

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-10,459.79 / (-2,223.1149*120.43 2 / 1000) = 0.5298119
5

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-9,540.384 / (-546.3138*120.43 2 / 1000) = 2.2891497
6

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-10,863.08 / (-1,454.5923*120.43 2 / 1000) = 0.9108416
7

Load case
Q3 = -0.1190041 + 2*-9,137.0949 / (-1,314.8364*120.43 2 / 1000) = 0.839286
8

105/139
Stress Allowable Over-
Tubesheet Bending Stress (MPa) (MPa) stressed?

Load case σ = (1.5*0.3929494 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


1 -32.699 205.5 No
4.76))2*-737.1669 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*0.1104859 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


2 9.742 205.5 No
4.76))2*781.0877 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*8.4693186 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


3 29.978 205.5 No
4.76))2*31.3556 / 1000 =
New or corroded
Load case σ = (1.5*0.8660409 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -
4 1.228 205.5 No
4.76))2*12.5652 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*0.3965971 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


5 -81.471 411 No
0))2*-2,223.1149 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*1.1996865 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


6 -60.562 411 No
0))2*-546.3138 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*0.555452 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


7 -74.659 411 No
0))2*-1,454.5923 / 1000 =

Load case σ = (1.5*0.5248519 / 0.3766929)*(2*120.43 / (50 -


8 -63.768 411 No
0))2*-1,314.8364 / 1000 =

UHX-13.5.8 Step 8
τ = (1 / (4*µ))*(1 / h)*{4*Ap / Cp}*ABS(Pe) for abs(Pe) > 1.6*S*µ*h / ao
Condition Design
Shear Calc
Required

Load case abs(-737.1669 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 /


1 18.201 No
120.43 =

Load case abs(781.0877 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 / 120.43


2 18.201 No
=

Load case abs(31.3556 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 / 120.43


3 18.201 No
=
New or corroded
Load case abs(12.5652 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 / 120.43
4 18.201 No
=

Load case abs(-2,223.1149 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 /


5 18.201 No
120.43 =

Load case abs(-546.3138 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 /


6 18.201 No
120.43 =

Load case abs(-1,454.5923 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 /


7 18.201 No
120.43 =

Load case abs(-1,314.8364 / 1000) ≤ 1.6*137*0.2*50 /


8 18.201 No
120.43 =

106/139
UHX-13.5.9 Step 9
Ft(x) = [Zd(x) + Q3*Zw(x)]*Xa4 / 2
If Pe = 0, Ft(x) = Zw(x)*Xa4 / 2
Ft,min = Min[Ft(x)]
Ft,max = Max[Ft(x)]
Fs = MAX [(3.25 - 0.25*(Zd + Q3*Zw)*Xa4), 1.25] but not greater than 2
If Pe = 0, Fs = 1.25
σt,1 = 1 / (xt - xs)*[(Ps*xs - Pt*xt) - Pe*Ft,min]
σt,2 = 1 / (xt - xs)*[(Ps*xs - Pt*xt) - Pe*Ft,max]
If Pe = 0, σt,1 = 1 / (xt - xs)*[(Ps*xs - Pt*xt) - (2*Q2 / ao2)*Ft,min]
If Pe = 0, σt,2 = 1 / (xt - xs)*[(Ps*xs - Pt*xt) - (2*Q2 / ao2)*Ft,max]
lt = k*l
rt = (dt2 + (dt - 2*tt)2 )0.5 / 4
Ft = lt / rt
Ct = (2*π2*Et / Sy,t)0.5
For Ct ≤ Ft, Stb = Min{π2*Et / (Fs*Ft2), St}
For Ct > Ft, Stb = Min{Sy,t / Fs*(1 - Ft / (2*Ct)), St}
σt,min = MIN[σt,1, σt,2]
Condition Design
Load case 1 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 0.5209831*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 0.2165

Load case 2 Ft,min = [0.125947 + -0.1626699*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 0.8222


New or corroded Load case 3 Ft,min = [0.2372706 + -16.9386371*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = -14.3023

Load case 4 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 1.5925726*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = -0.733

Load case 5 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 0.5298119*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 0.2087

Load case 6 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 2.2891497*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = -1.3503

Load case 7 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 0.9108416*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = -0.129

Load case 8 Ft,min = [0.125947 + 0.839286*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = -0.0656

Load case 1 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 0.5209831*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 1.7567

Load case 2 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + -0.1626699*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 1.1279


New or corroded Load case 3 Ft,max = [0.125947 + -16.9386371*-0.1645739]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 15.6871

Load case 4 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 1.5925726*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 2.7423

Load case 5 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 0.5298119*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 1.7648

Load case 6 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 2.2891497*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 3.383

Load case 7 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 0.9108416*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 2.1153

Load case 8 Ft,max = [0.2372706 + 0.839286*0.1708334]*1.8114869 4 / 2 = 2.0494

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 1 -4.189
-737.1669*0.2165] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 2 0.465
781.0877*0.8222] =

New or corroded
107/139
σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -
Load case 3 1.54
31.3556*-14.3023] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 4 0.157
12.5652*-0.733] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 5 -2.435
-2,223.1149*0.2087] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 6 -0.085
-546.3138*-1.3503] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 7 -2.126
-1,454.5923*-0.129] =

σt,1 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 8 -0.394
-1,314.8364*-0.0656] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 1 2.356
-737.1669*1.7567] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 2 -0.911
781.0877*1.1279] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 3 -3.88
31.3556*15.6871] =
New or corroded
σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -
Load case 4 -0.095
12.5652*2.7423] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 5 17.507
-2,223.1149*1.7648] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 6 14.82
-546.3138*3.383] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(1,040.38*0.6163306 - 1,041.38*0.7898132) -


Load case 7 16.691
-1,454.5923*2.1153] =

σt,2 = 1 / (0.7898132 - 0.6163306) / 1000*[(-103.42*0.6163306 - -103.42*0.7898132) -


Load case 8 15.636
-1,314.8364*2.0494] =

New or corroded All load cases rt = (12.72 + (12.7 - 2*1.65) 2 )0.5 / 4 = 3.95

New or corroded All load cases Ft = 316.19 / 3.95 = 80.047

New or corroded All load cases Ct = (2*π2*189,533.602 / 173) 0.5 = 147.0567

Fs = MAX [(3.25 - 0.25*(0.2372706 + 0.5209831*0.1708334)*1.8114869 4), 1.25] but not


Load case 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 2
greater than 2 =
New or corroded
Fs = MAX [(3.25 - 0.25*(0.2372706 + 1.5925726*0.1708334)*1.8114869 4), 1.25] but not
Load case 4 1.8789
greater than 2 =

Fs = MAX [(3.25 - 0.25*(0.2372706 + 2.2891497*0.1708334)*1.8114869 4), 1.25] but not


Load case 6 1.5585
greater than 2 =

Load case 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8 Stb = Min{173 / 2*(1 - 80.047 / (2*147.0567)) = 62.958, 137} = 62.958
New or corroded
Load case 4 Stb = Min{173 / 1.8789*(1 - 80.047 / (2*147.0567)) = 67.017, 137} = 67.017

Load case 6 Stb = Min{173 / 1.5585*(1 - 80.047 / (2*147.0567)) = 80.793, 137} = 80.793

Stress Allowable Over-


Tube Evaluation (MPa) (MPa) stressed?

Load case 1 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(-4.189), ABS(2.356)] = 4.189 137 No


Load case 2 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(0.465), ABS(-0.911)] = 0.911 137 No

New or corroded Load case 3 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(1.54), ABS(-3.88)] = 3.88 137 No
Load case 4 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(0.157), ABS(-0.095)] = 0.157 137 No
Load case 5 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(-2.435), ABS(17.507)] = 17.507 274 No
Load case 6 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(-0.085), ABS(14.82)] = 14.82 274 No
Load case 7 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(-2.126), ABS(16.691)] = 16.691 274 No

108/139
Load case 8 σt,max = MAX[ ABS(-0.394), ABS(15.636)] = 15.636 274 No
Load case 1 σt,min = MIN[-4.189, 2.356] = -4.189 62.958 No
Load case 2 σt,min = MIN[0.465, -0.911] = -0.911 62.958 No

New or corroded Load case 3 σt,min = MIN[1.54, -3.88] = -3.88 62.958 No


Load case 4 σt,min = MIN[0.157, -0.095] = -0.095 67.017 No
Load case 5 σt,min = MIN[-2.435, 17.507] = -2.435 62.958 No
Load case 6 σt,min = MIN[-0.085, 14.82] = -0.085 80.793 No
Load case 7 σt,min = MIN[-2.126, 16.691] = -2.126 62.958 No
Load case 8 σt,min = MIN[-0.394, 15.636] = -0.394 62.958 No

UHX-13.5.10 Step 10
σs,m = ao2 / (ts*(Ds + ts))*[Pe + (ρs2 - 1)*(Ps - Pt)] + as2*Pt / (ts*(Ds + ts))
Condition Design
Stress Ss*Es,w SPS,s Ss,b Over-
Shell Evaluation (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) stressed?

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[-737.1669 +


case (1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - 1,041.38)] + 127.262*1,041.38 / 1.733 137 N/A N/A No
1
(9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[781.0877 +


case (1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - -103.42)] + 127.262*-103.42 / 4.739 137 N/A N/A No
2
(9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[31.3556 +


case (1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - 1,041.38)] + 127.262*1,041.38 7.082 137 N/A N/A No
3
/ (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[12.5652 +


New or corroded
case (1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - -103.42)] + 127.262*-103.42 / -0.61 137 N/A 85.858 No
4
(9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[-2,223.1149


case + (1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - 1,041.38)] + -7.081 N/A 411 85.858 No
5
127.262*1,041.38 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[-546.3138 +


case (1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - -103.42)] + 127.262*-103.42 / -3.135 N/A 411 85.858 No
6
(9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[-1,454.5923


case + (1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - 1,041.38)] + -1.732 N/A 411 85.858 No
7
127.262*1,041.38 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

Load σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*[-1,314.8364


case + (1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - -103.42)] + 127.262*-103.42 / -8.484 N/A 411 85.858 No
8
(9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 =

109/139
UHX-13.5.11 Step 11
σs,m = ao2 / (ts*(Ds + ts))*[Pe + (ρs2 - 1)*(Ps - Pt)] + as2*Pt / (ts*(Ds + ts))
σs,b = 6*ks / ts2*{βs*δs*Ps + 6*(1 - ν*2) / E**(ao3 / h3)*(1 + h*βs / 2)*[Pe*(Zv + Zm*Q1) + 2*Zm*Q2 / ao2]}
σs = ABS(σs,m) + ABS(σs,b)
Condition Design
Minimum shell length = 1.8*(Ds*ts)0.5 = 87.43 mm where thickness ts = 9.27 mm
Stress 1.5*Ss SPS,s Over-
Shell Evaluation (MPa) (MPa) (MPa) stressed?

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(-737.1669 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - 1,041.38)) + 127.262*1,041.38 / 1.733
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = 205.5 411 No
1
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*-103.42 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(-737.1669*(0.1708334 + -58.391
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-3,421.1852 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(1.733) + ABS(-58.391) = 60.124

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(781.0877 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - -103.42)) + 127.262*-103.42 / 4.739
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = 205.5 411 No
2
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*1,040.38 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(781.0877*(0.1708334 + 27.506
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-247.3322 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(4.739) + ABS(27.506) = 32.244

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(31.3556 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - 1,041.38)) + 127.262*1,041.38 / 7.082
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = 205.5 411 No
3
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*1,040.38 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(31.3556*(0.1708334 + -31.081
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-3,824.4742 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(7.082) + ABS(-31.081) = 38.163


New or corroded
σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(12.5652 +
(1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - -103.42)) + 127.262*-103.42 / -0.61
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = 205.5 411 No
4
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*-103.42 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(12.5652*(0.1708334 + 0.196
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*155.9569 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(-0.61) + ABS(0.196) = 0.806

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(-2,223.1149 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - 1,041.38)) + 127.262*1,041.38 / -7.081
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = N/A 411 No
5
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*-103.42 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(-2,223.1149*(0.1708334 + -173.804
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-10,459.79 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(-7.081) + ABS(-173.804) = 180.885

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(-546.3138 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - -103.42)) + 127.262*-103.42 / -3.135
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = N/A 411 No
6
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*1,040.38 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(-546.3138*(0.1708334 + -116.994
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-9,540.384 / 120.43 2)) =

110/139
σs = ABS(-3.135) + ABS(-116.994) = 120.129

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(-1,454.5923 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(1,040.38 - 1,041.38)) + 127.262*1,041.38 / -1.732
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = N/A 411 No
7
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*1,040.38 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(-1,454.5923*(0.1708334 + -146.494
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-10,863.08 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(-1.732) + ABS(-146.494) = 148.226

σs,m = 120.432 / (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000*(-1,314.8364 +


(1.05667192 - 1)*(-103.42 - -103.42)) + 127.262*-103.42 / -8.484
Load
case (9.27*(254.51 + 9.27)) / 1000 = N/A 411 No
8
σs,b = 6*1,021,688 / 9.27 2*(0.0366999*7.788261E-03*-103.42 / 1000 + 6*(1 - 0.3169035 2) /
72,508.005*(120.43 3 / 503)*(1 + 50*0.0366999 / 2)*(-1,314.8364*(0.1708334 + -144.304
0.7021108*-0.1190041) / 1000 + 2*0.7021108*-9,137.0949 / 120.43 2)) =

σs = ABS(-8.484) + ABS(-144.304) = 152.788

Tube-To-Tubesheet Joint Loads

ASME UHX-13.5.9 Step 9 & UW-20 Tube-To-Tubesheet Joint Loads -


Periphery Of Bundle
Wt = σt,max*π*(dt - tt)*tt
Ft = π*t*(do - t)*Sa
For Load Cases 1-4, Lmax = Ft
For Load Cases 5-8 for weld throat (3.41 mm) ≥ tt (1.65 mm), Lmax = 2*Ft
Condition Design N
All load cases Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
Load cases 1-4 Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Load cases 5-8 Lmax = 2*7,847.24 = 15,694.47
New or corroded Load case 1 Wt = 4.189*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 239.9214
Load case 2 Wt = 0.911*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 52.1857
Load case 3 Wt = 3.88*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 222.2557
Load case 4 Wt = 0.157*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 8.965
Load case 5 Wt = 17.507*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 1,002.7654
Load case 6 Wt = 14.82*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 848.8984
Load case 7 Wt = 16.691*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 956.0328
Load case 8 Wt = 15.636*π*(12.7 - 1.65)*1.65 = 895.631
|Wt| <= Lmax indicates the joint strength is adequate for the Design condition.

Tube-To-Tubesheet Minimum Weld Sizes

111/139
ASME UW-20.4 Tube-To-Tubesheet Full Strength Welds - Figure UW-20.1 sketch(c)
fw = Sa / Sw
fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*do)2 + 1.07*t*(do - t)*fw*fd)1/2 - 0.75*do)
af, min = Larger of ar/ 2 or t / 2
ag, min = af, min
Condition Design mm
fw = 137 / 137 = 1

New or corroded fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*12.7)2 + 1.07*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*1*1)1/2 - 0.75*12.7) = 1.95
af, min = Larger of 1.95 / 2 or 1.65 / 2 = 0.97
ag, min = 0.97 = 0.97
New or corroded af, actual = 2
New or corroded ag, actual = 2
Tube-To-Tubesheet weld sizes are adequate for the Design condition.

112/139
Tubesheet -- TEMA

TEMA A.13 Required Effective Tubesheet Thickness


Actual Tubesheet Thickness Used, TNominal = 50 mm
= TNominal - Larger (Tube Side Pass Groove Depth, Tube Side Corrosion) - Shell Side Corrosion
TMin effective for bending/shear, corr
= 50 - Larger(4.76, 0) - 0 = 45.24 mm
= TNominal - Larger (Tube Side Pass Groove Depth, Tube Side Corrosion) - Shell Side Corrosion
TMin effective for bending/shear, new
= 50 - Larger(4.76, 0) - 0 = 45.24 mm
= TNominal - Gasket Confinement Groove Depth
TMin effective for flanged extension
= 50 - 11 = 39 mm
η = 1 - 0.907/(Pitch/Tube OD) 2 = 1 - 0.907/(15.88/12.7) 2 = 0.4195
A.131
(bending) Fcorroded = (17 - 100*(9.27/254.51))/15 = 0.8905
F = (17 - 100*(t/ID))/15
Fnew = (17 - 100*(9.27/254.51))/15 = 0.8905
Equations used
Tbending = (F*G/3)*(P/(η*S)) 1/2

DL = 4*A/C
A.132
(shear)
Tshear = 0.31*DL*(P/S)/(1 - d o/Pitch)

Shear does not control if (P/S) < 1.6*(1 - d o/Pitch)2

rcorr = 421/318.25 = 1.3228


A.133 r = A/G
(flanged extension)
rnew = 421/318.25 = 1.3228

Tr = 0.98*(M*(r 2 - 1 + 3.71*r 2*ln(r)) / (S*(A - G)*(1 + 1.86*r 2)))0.5

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.12/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.22 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.57/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Corroded
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(1.92/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 17.29 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.85/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Design P is from A.154
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) /
(137*(421 - 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.12/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.22 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.57/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
New
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(1.92/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 17.29 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.85/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
P is from A.154
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) / (137*(421
- 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.16/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.32 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.59/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Corroded
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(2.16/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 18.31 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.9/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Design - Shell Side External Pressure P is from A.154
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) / (137*(421
- 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.16/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.32 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.59/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
New
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(2.16/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 18.31 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.9/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
P is from A.154

113/139
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) / (137*(421
- 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.12/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.22 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.57/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Corroded
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(0.56/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 9.29 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.54/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
Design - Tube Side External Pressure P is from A.154
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) / (137*(421
- 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

Shell Side Tbending = (0.8905*254.51/3)*(4.12/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 20.22 mm

P is from A.153
Shear does not control as (0.57/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
New
Tbending = (0.8905*318.25/3)*(0.56/(0.4195*137)) 1/2 = 9.29 mm
Tube Side
Shear does not control as (0.54/137) < 1.6*(1 - 12.7/15.88) 2
P is from A.154
Tr = 0.98*(16,969.5*1000*(1.3228 2 - 1 + 3.71*1.3228 2*ln(1.3228)) / (137*(421
- 318.25)*(1 + 1.86*1.3228 2)))0.5 = 26.43 mm

TEMA A.151 Equivalent Differential Expansion Pressure, Corroded, Required Thickness


J = 1 for shells without expansion joints.

Equations used K = Es*ts*(Do - ts) / (Et*tt*N*(d - tt))

∆L = Lt*(αs*(Tm-70) - αT*(tm-70)) from T-4.5

Fq = 0.25 + (F - 0.6)*((300*t s*Es/(K*L*E))*(G/T) 3)0.25

Pd = 4*J*Es*ts*(∆L/Lt)/((Do - 3*ts)*(1 + J*K*F q))

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

114/139
TEMA A.152 Equivalent Bolting Pressure, Corroded
PBt = 6.2*M1/(F2*G3)
Equations used
PBs = 6.2*M2/(F2*G3)

PBt = 6.2*1e6*5,565.2/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,349.8 kPa


Design
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*6,117.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,483.85 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*143.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 34.89 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

115/139
TEMA A.153 Effective Shell Side Design Pressure For Bending, Corroded, Required Thickness
fs = 1 - N*(do/G)2 = 1 - 138*(12.7/254.51) 2 = 0.6564

Ps' = Ps*(0.4*J*(1.5 + K*(1.5 + f s)) - ((1 - J)/2)*(D j2/G2 -


J, K, Fq are from A.151
1))/(1 + J*K*F q)
Equations used
P1 = (Ps' - Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
P = greatest
P2 = Ps'
absolute value of
P1 through P6 P3 = PBs PBs is from A.152

P4 = (Ps' - Pd - PBs )/2

P5 = (PBs + Pd)/2

P6 = Ps' - PBs

Ps' = 1,040.38*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = 434.81 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (434.81 - 1,132.56)/2 = -348.88 kPa


Design
P2 = 434.81 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (434.81 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,406.78 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = 434.81 - 4,115.81 = -3,681 kPa

Ps' = -103.42*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = -43.22 kPa

P = 4,159.03 kPa P1 = (-43.22 - 1,132.56)/2 = -587.89 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
P2 = -43.22 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (-43.22 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,645.8 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = -43.22 - 4,115.81 = -4,159.03 kPa

Ps' = 1,143.8*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = 478.03 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (478.03 - 1,132.56)/2 = -327.27 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
P2 = 478.03 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (478.03 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,385.17 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = 478.03 - 4,115.81 = -3,637.78 kPa

116/139
TEMA A.154 Effective Tube Side Design Pressure For Bending, Corroded, Required Thickness
ft = 1 - N*((d o-2*tt)/G)2 = 1 - 138*((12.7-2*1.65)/254.51) 2 = 0.8118

Pt' = Pt*((1 + 0.4*J*K*(1.5 + f t))/(1 + J*K*F q)) J, K, Fq are from A.151


Equations used
P1 = (Pt' + PBt + Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
when Ps' is positive
P = greatest
absolute value of P2 = Pt' + PBt PBt is from A.152

P1 = (Pt' - Ps' + PBt + Pd)/2


when Ps' is negative Ps' is from A.153
P2 = Pt' - Ps' + PBt

Pt' = 1,041.38*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 574.76 kPa

P = 1,924.56 kPa P1 = (574.76 + 1,349.8 + 1,132.56)/2 = 1,528.56 kPa


Design
Ps' = 434.81
Pd = 1,132.56
P2 = 574.76 + 1,349.8 = 1,924.56 kPa
PBt = 1,349.8

Pt' = 1,144.8*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 631.84 kPa

P = 2,158.91 kPa P1 = (631.84 - -43.22 + 1,483.85 + 1,132.56)/2 = 1,645.74 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Ps' = -43.22
Pd = 1,132.56
P2 = 631.84 - -43.22 + 1,483.85 = 2,158.91 kPa
PBt = 1,483.85

Pt' = -103.42*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = -57.08 kPa

P = 555.19 kPa P1 = (-57.08 + 34.89 + 1,132.56)/2 = 555.19 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Ps' = 478.03
Pd = 1,132.56
P2 = -57.08 + 34.89 = -22.19 kPa
PBt = 34.89

TEMA A.151 Equivalent Differential Expansion Pressure, New, Required Thickness


J = 1 for shells without expansion joints.

Equations used K = Es*ts*(Do - ts) / (Et*tt*N*(d - tt))

∆L = Lt*(αs*(Tm-70) - αT*(tm-70)) from T-4.5

Fq = 0.25 + (F - 0.6)*((300*t s*Es/(K*L*E))*(G/T) 3)0.25

Pd = 4*J*Es*ts*(∆L/Lt)/((Do - 3*ts)*(1 + J*K*F q))

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685
Design - Tube Side External Pressure
∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22

117/139
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/20.32) 3)0.25
= 2.5137

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 1,132.56 kPa

TEMA A.152 Equivalent Bolting Pressure, New


PBt = 6.2*M1/(F2*G3)
Equations used
PBs = 6.2*M2/(F2*G3)

PBt = 6.2*1e6*5,565.2/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,349.8 kPa


Design
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*6,117.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,483.85 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*143.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 34.89 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

118/139
TEMA A.153 Effective Shell Side Design Pressure For Bending, New, Required Thickness
fs = 1 - N*(do/G)2 = 1 - 138*(12.7/254.51) 2 = 0.6564

Ps' = Ps*(0.4*J*(1.5 + K*(1.5 + f s)) - ((1 -


J, K, Fq are from A.151
J)/2)*(Dj2/G2 - 1))/(1 + J*K*F q)
Equations used
P1 = (Ps' - Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
P = greatest
P2 = Ps'
absolute value of
P1 through P6 P3 = PBs PBs is from A.152

P4 = (Ps' - Pd - PBs )/2

P5 = (PBs + Pd)/2

P6 = Ps' - PBs

Ps' = 1,040.38*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = 434.81 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (434.81 - 1,132.56)/2 = -348.88 kPa


Design
P2 = 434.81 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (434.81 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,406.78 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = 434.81 - 4,115.81 = -3,681 kPa

Ps' = -103.42*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = -43.22 kPa

P = 4,159.03 kPa P1 = (-43.22 - 1,132.56)/2 = -587.89 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
P2 = -43.22 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (-43.22 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,645.8 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = -43.22 - 4,115.81 = -4,159.03 kPa

Ps' = 1,143.8*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137) = 478.03 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (478.03 - 1,132.56)/2 = -327.27 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
P2 = 478.03 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,132.56
P4 = (478.03 - 1,132.56 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,385.17 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,132.56)/2 = 2,624.19 kPa

P6 = 478.03 - 4,115.81 = -3,637.78 kPa

119/139
TEMA A.154 Effective Tube Side Design Pressure For Bending, New, Required Thickness
ft = 1 - N*((d o-2*tt)/G)2 = 1 - 138*((12.7-2*1.65)/254.51) 2 = 0.8118

Pt' = Pt*((1 + 0.4*J*K*(1.5 + f t))/(1 + J*K*F q)) J, K, Fq are from A.151


Equations used
P1 = (Pt' + PBt + Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
when Ps' is positive
P = greatest
absolute value of P2 = Pt' + PBt PBt is from A.152

P1 = (Pt' - Ps' + PBt + Pd)/2


when Ps' is negative Ps' is from A.153
P2 = Pt' - Ps' + PBt

Pt' = 1,041.38*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 574.76 kPa

P = 1,924.56 kPa P1 = (574.76 + 1,349.8 + 1,132.56)/2 = 1,528.56 kPa


Design
Ps' = 434.81
Pd = 1,132.56
P2 = 574.76 + 1,349.8 = 1,924.56 kPa
PBt = 1,349.8

Pt' = 1,144.8*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = 631.84 kPa

P = 2,158.91 kPa P1 = (631.84 - -43.22 + 1,483.85 + 1,132.56)/2 = 1,645.74


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
kPa
Ps' = -43.22
Pd = 1,132.56
PBt = 1,483.85 P2 = 631.84 - -43.22 + 1,483.85 = 2,158.91 kPa

Pt' = -103.42*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*2.5137)) = -57.08 kPa

P = 555.19 kPa P1 = (-57.08 + 34.89 + 1,132.56)/2 = 555.19 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Ps' = 478.03
Pd = 1,132.56
P2 = -57.08 + 34.89 = -22.19 kPa
PBt = 34.89

120/139
Tubes

ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2017 Edition Metric


Component Tube
Material SA-213 TP304 Smls tube (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 25)
Impact Fine Grain Optimize MDMT/
Normalized PWHT
Tested Practice Find MAWP
No No No No No
Design Design Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (°C) MDMT (°C)
Internal 1,137.62 93.33
-29
External 1,137.63 93.33
Static Liquid Head
Condition Ps (kPa) Hs (mm) SG
Operating 7.11 725.43 1
Operating, Ext 6.11 725.43 0.86
Test horizontal 4.12 420.43 1
Dimensions
Outer Diameter 12.7 mm
Length 1,630 mm
Tube Nominal
1.65 mm
Thickness
Tube Minimum
1.44 mm
Thickness1
Inner 0 mm
Corrosion
Outer 0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg) Capacity (liters)
New 0.75 0.11
Corroded 0.75 0.11
1
Tube minimum thickness = nominal thickness times tube tolerance factor of 0.875.

121/139
Results Summary
Governing condition External pressure
Minimum thickness per UG-16 Exempt per UG-16(b)(2)
Design thickness due to internal pressure (t) 0.05 mm
Design thickness due to external pressure (te) 0.26 mm
Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) 34,257.73 kPa
Maximum allowable pressure (MAP) 34,514.94 kPa
Maximum allowable external pressure (MAEP) 14,737.08 kPa
Rated MDMT -196 °C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements


tr = 1,747.28*6.35 / (138,000*1 + 0.4*1,747.28) = 0.08 mm
Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.08*1 / (1.44 - 0) = 0.0554
Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0554)
Rated MDMT = -196°C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -29°C.

Design thickness, (at 93.33 °C) Appendix 1-1

t = P*Ro / (S*E + 0.40*P) + Corrosion


= 1,144.73*6.35 / (137,000*1.00 + 0.40*1,144.73) + 0
= 0.05 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 93.33 °C) Appendix 1-1

P = S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t) - Ps


= 137,000*1.00*(1.65*0.875) / (6.35 - 0.40*(1.65*0.875)) - 7.11
= 34,257.73 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 °C) Appendix 1-1

P = S*E*t / (Ro - 0.40*t)


= 138,000*1.00*(1.65*0.875) / (6.35 - 0.40*(1.65*0.875))
= 34,514.94 kPa

External Pressure, (Corroded & at 93.33 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 1,630 / 12.7 = 50.0000


Do / t = 12.7 / 0.26 = 48.9321

From table G: A = 0.000466


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 41.9771 MPa

Pa = 4*B / (3*(Do / t))


= 4*41,977.13 / (3*(12.7 / 0.26))
= 1,143.82 kPa

122/139
Design thickness for external pressure Pa = 1,143.82 kPa

ta = t + Corrosion = 0.26 + 0 = 0.26 mm

Maximum Allowable External Pressure, (Corroded & at 93.33 °C) UG-28(c)

L / Do = 1,630 / 12.7 = 50.0000


Do / t = 12.7 / (1.65*0.875) = 8.7965

From table G: A = 0.014891


From table HA-1 Metric: B = 90.423 MPa
Sy = 2*B(sy) = 2*98.6296 = 197.26 MPa
S1 = 2*Se = 2*137 = 274 MPa
S2 = 0.90*Sy = 0.90*197.26 = 177.53 MPa
S = min(S1, S2) = min(274, 177.53) = 177.53 MPa

Pa1 = [2.167 / (Do / t) - 0.08333]*B - Pse


= [2.167 / 8.7965 - 0.08333]*90.42 - 6.11
= 14,737.08 kPa

Pa2 = (2*S / (Do / t))*[1 - 1/(Do / t)] - Pse


= (2*177.53 / 8.7965)*[1 - 1/8.7965] - 6.11
= 35,769.58 kPa
Maximum Allowable External Pressure = min(Pa1, Pa2) = 14,737.08 kPa

123/139
Shell and Tubes

TEMA A.22 Shell Longitudinal Stress, Corroded

(+)Ss, max = 6.01 MPa, (-)S s, max = -11.749 MPa


The shell longitudinal stresses are not excessive.

Pl = Pt - Pt' Pt' is from A.154

Ps* = Pl

Ps* = Ps' Ps' is from A.153


Equations used
Ps* = -Pd Pd is from A.151

Ps* = Pl + Ps'

Ps* = Pl - Pd

Ps* = Ps' - Pd

Allowable
Ps* = Pl + Ps' - Pd Ss = Cs*(Do - ts)*Ps* / (4*ts) Stress
(+/-)

Design Pl = 1,041.38 - 807.32 = 234.06


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.84 / (4*9.27) = 6.01
137 MPa
Ps* = 234.06 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = 610.74 Cs = 1

Ps' = 610.74 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = 807.32 Ps* = 234.06 + 610.74 = 844.8 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.59 / (4*9.27) = -11.317
Ps* = 234.06 - 1,590.82 = -1,356.76 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = 610.74 - 1,590.82 = -980.08 Cs = 1

Ps* = 234.06 + 610.74 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-746.02

Design - Shell Side External Pressure Pl = 1,144.8 - 887.49 = 257.31


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.26 / (4*9.27) = 1.83
137 MPa
Ps* = 257.31 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = -60.71 Cs = 1

Ps' = -60.71 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = 887.49 Ps* = 257.31 + -60.71 = 196.59 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.65 / (4*9.27) = -11.749
Ps* = 257.31 - 1,590.82 = -1,333.51 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = -60.71 - 1,590.82 = -1,651.53 Cs = 1

Ps* = 257.31 + -60.71 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-1,394.22

Design - Tube Side External Pressure Pl = -103.42 - -80.18 = -23.25


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.67 / (4*9.27) = 4.777
137 MPa
Ps* = -23.25 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = 671.45 Cs = 1

Ps' = 671.45 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = -80.18 Ps* = -23.25 + 671.45 = 648.2 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.61 / (4*9.27) = -11.482
Ps* = -23.25 - 1,590.82 = -1,614.06 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = 671.45 - 1,590.82 = -919.37 Cs = 1

Ps* = -23.25 + 671.45 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-942.61

124/139
TEMA A.23 Tube Longitudinal Stress - Periphery Of Bundle, Corroded

(+)St, max = 8.983 MPa, (-)S t, max = -1.846 MPa


The tube longitudinal stresses are not excessive.

P2 = Pt' - (ft*Pt/Fq) Pt' and ft are from A.154 Fq is from


A.151
P3 = Ps' - (fs*Ps/Fq) Ps' and fs are from A.153

Pt* = P2
Equations used
Pt* = -P3

Pt* = Pd Pd is from A.151

Pt* = P2 - P3

Pt* = P2 + Pd

Pt* = -P3 + Pd

Allowable
Pt* = P2 - P3 + Pd St = Ct*Fq*Pt**G2/(4*N*tt*(do - tt)) Stress
(+/-)

Design P2 = 807.32 - (0.8118*1,041.38/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa


240.79 0.5*1.4922*1.83*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
8.795 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = 610.74 - (0.6564*1,040.38/1.4922) =
153.09
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = 240.79 Ct = 1
Ps' = 610.74
Pt* = -153.09 Ct = 1
Pt' = 807.32
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = 1,040.38
Pt* = 240.79 - 153.09 = 87.71 Ct = 1 St(-) = 63.162 MPa
Pt = 1,041.38 1*1.4922*-0.15*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) = -1.47
Pt* = 240.79 + 1,590.82 = MPa A.24
Ct = 0.5
1,831.61

Pt* = -153.09 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,437.73

Pt* = -153.09 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,678.52

Design - Shell Side External Pressure P2 = 887.49 - (0.8118*1,144.8/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa
264.7 0.5*1.4922*1.87*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
8.983 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = -60.71 - (0.6564*-103.42/1.4922) =
-15.22
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = 264.7 Ct = 1
Ps' = -60.71
Pt* = --15.22 Ct = 1
Pt' = 887.49
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = -103.42
Pt* = 264.7 - -15.22 = 279.92 Ct = 1
Pt = 1,144.8
Pt* = 264.7 + 1,590.82 =
Ct = 0.5
1,855.52 all stresses are tensile

Pt* = --15.22 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,606.04

Pt* = --15.22 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,870.74

Design - Tube Side External Pressure P2 = -80.18 - (0.8118*-103.42/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa
-23.91 0.5*1.4922*1.59*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
7.639 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = 671.45 - (0.6564*1,143.8/1.4922) =
168.3
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = -23.91 Ct = 1
Ps' = 671.45
Pt* = -168.3 Ct = 1
Pt' = -80.18
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = 1,143.8

125/139
Pt* = -23.91 - 168.3 = -192.22 Ct = 1 St(-) = 63.162 MPa
Pt = -103.42 1*1.4922*-0.19*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
Pt* = -23.91 + 1,590.82 = -1.846 MPa A.24
Ct = 0.5
1,566.91

Pt* = -168.3 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,422.52

Pt* = -168.3 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,398.6

TEMA A.25 and ASME UHX-13.5.9 Step 9 & UW-20


Tube-To-Tubesheet Joint Loads - Periphery Of Bundle
Wj = π*Fq*Pt**G2/(4*N) Fq is from A.151

Pt* = P2
P2 and P3 are from A.23
Pt* = -P3

Pt* = P2 - P3

Ft = π*t*(do - t)*Sa
Lmax = Ft
Condition Design N
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
New
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.24*254.51 2/(4*138) = 132.4568
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
Corroded
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.24*254.51 2/(4*138) = 132.4568
|Wj| <= Lmax indicates the joint strength is adequate for the Design
condition.
Condition Design - Shell Side External Pressure N
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
New
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.28*254.51 2/(4*138) = 153.9824
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
Corroded
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.28*254.51 2/(4*138) = 153.9824
|Wj| <= Lmax indicates the joint strength is adequate for the Design
- Shell Side External Pressure condition.
Condition Design - Tube Side External Pressure N
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
New
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.19*254.51 2/(4*138) = 105.7366
Ft = π*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*137 = 7,847.2361
Corroded

126/139
Lmax = Ft = 7,847.2361
Wj = π*1.4922*0.19*254.51 2/(4*138) = 105.7366
|Wj| <= Lmax indicates the joint strength is adequate for the Design
- Tube Side External Pressure condition.

ASME UW-20.4 Tube-To-Tubesheet Full Strength Welds - Figure UW-20.1 sketch(c)


fw = Sa / Sw
fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*do)2 + 1.07*t*(do - t)*fw*fd)1/2 - 0.75*do)
af, min = Larger of ar/ 2 or t / 2
ag, min = af, min
Condition Design mm
fw = 137 / 137 = 1

New or corroded fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*12.7)2 + 1.07*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*1*1)1/2 - 0.75*12.7) = 1.95
af, min = Larger of 1.95 / 2 or 1.65 / 2 = 0.97
ag, min = 0.97 = 0.97
New or corroded af, actual = 2
New or corroded ag, actual = 2
Tube-To-Tubesheet weld sizes are adequate for the Design condition.
Condition Design - Shell Side External Pressure mm
fw = 137 / 137 = 1

New or corroded fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*12.7)2 + 1.07*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*1*1)1/2 - 0.75*12.7) = 1.95
af, min = Larger of 1.95 / 2 or 1.65 / 2 = 0.97
ag, min = 0.97 = 0.97
New or corroded af, actual = 2
New or corroded ag, actual = 2
Tube-To-Tubesheet weld sizes are adequate for the Design - Shell Side External Pressure
condition.
Condition Design - Tube Side External Pressure mm
fw = 137 / 137 = 1

New or corroded fd = 1
ar = 2*(((0.75*12.7)2 + 1.07*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)*1*1)1/2 - 0.75*12.7) = 1.95
af, min = Larger of 1.95 / 2 or 1.65 / 2 = 0.97

127/139
ag, min = 0.97 = 0.97
New or corroded af, actual = 2
New or corroded ag, actual = 2
Tube-To-Tubesheet weld sizes are adequate for the Design - Tube Side External
Pressure condition.

TEMA A.151 Equivalent Differential Expansion Pressure, Corroded, Actual Thickness


J = 1 for shells without expansion joints.

Equations used K = Es*ts*(Do - ts) / (Et*tt*N*(d - tt))

∆L = Lt*(αs*(Tm-70) - αT*(tm-70)) from T-4.5

Fq = 0.25 + (F - 0.6)*((300*t s*Es/(K*L*E))*(G/T) 3)0.25

Pd = 4*J*Es*ts*(∆L/Lt)/((Do - 3*ts)*(1 + J*K*F q))

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

128/139
TEMA A.152 Equivalent Bolting Pressure, Corroded
PBt = 6.2*M1/(F2*G3)
Equations used
PBs = 6.2*M2/(F2*G3)

PBt = 6.2*1e6*5,565.2/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,349.8 kPa


Design
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*6,117.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,483.85 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*143.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 34.89 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

129/139
TEMA A.153 Effective Shell Side Design Pressure For Bending, Corroded, Actual Thickness
fs = 1 - N*(do/G)2 = 1 - 138*(12.7/254.51) 2 = 0.6564

Ps' = Ps*(0.4*J*(1.5 + K*(1.5 + f s)) - ((1 - J)/2)*(D j2/G2


J, K, Fq are from A.151
- 1))/(1 + J*K*F q)
Equations used
P1 = (Ps' - Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
P = greatest
P2 = Ps'
absolute value of
P1 through P6 P3 = PBs PBs is from A.152

P4 = (Ps' - Pd - PBs )/2

P5 = (PBs + Pd)/2

P6 = Ps' - PBs

Ps' = 1,040.38*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = 610.74 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (610.74 - 1,590.82)/2 = -490.04 kPa


Design
P2 = 610.74 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (610.74 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,547.95 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = 610.74 - 4,115.81 = -3,505.07 kPa

Ps' = -103.42*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = -60.71 kPa

P = 4,176.52 kPa P1 = (-60.71 - 1,590.82)/2 = -825.77 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
P2 = -60.71 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (-60.71 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,883.67 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = -60.71 - 4,115.81 = -4,176.52 kPa

Ps' = 1,143.8*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = 671.45 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (671.45 - 1,590.82)/2 = -459.68 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
P2 = 671.45 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (671.45 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,517.59 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = 671.45 - 4,115.81 = -3,444.36 kPa

130/139
TEMA A.154 Effective Tube Side Design Pressure For Bending, Corroded, Actual Thickness
ft = 1 - N*((d o-2*tt)/G)2 = 1 - 138*((12.7-2*1.65)/254.51) 2 = 0.8118

Pt' = Pt*((1 + 0.4*J*K*(1.5 + f t))/(1 + J*K*F q)) J, K, Fq are from A.151


Equations used
P1 = (Pt' + PBt + Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
when Ps' is positive
P = greatest
absolute value of P2 = Pt' + PBt PBt is from A.152

P1 = (Pt' - Ps' + PBt + Pd)/2


when Ps' is negative Ps' is from A.153
P2 = Pt' - Ps' + PBt

Pt' = 1,041.38*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 807.32 kPa

P = 2,157.11 kPa P1 = (807.32 + 1,349.8 + 1,590.82)/2 = 1,873.97 kPa


Design
Ps' = 610.74
Pd = 1,590.82
P2 = 807.32 + 1,349.8 = 2,157.11 kPa
PBt = 1,349.8

Pt' = 1,144.8*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 887.49 kPa

P = 2,432.05 kPa P1 = (887.49 - -60.71 + 1,483.85 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,011.43 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Ps' = -60.71
Pd = 1,590.82
P2 = 887.49 - -60.71 + 1,483.85 = 2,432.05 kPa
PBt = 1,483.85

Pt' = -103.42*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = -80.18 kPa

P = 772.77 kPa P1 = (-80.18 + 34.89 + 1,590.82)/2 = 772.77 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Ps' = 671.45
Pd = 1,590.82
P2 = -80.18 + 34.89 = -45.29 kPa
PBt = 34.89

TEMA A.24 Allowable Tube Compressive Stress - Periphery Of Bundle, Corroded


2 2 0.5 2 2 0.5
r = 0.25*(d + (d - 2*t ) ) = 0.25*(12.7 + (12.7 - 2*1.65) ) = 3.95
o o t

Equations used Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*F q, where 1.25 ≤ F s ≤ 2 Fq is from A.151

k*l/r = 0.8*395.24/3.95
Cc = (2*π2*Et/Sy)0.5
= 80.047

Sc = (Sy/Fs)*(1 - (k*l/r)/(2*C c)) when Cc > k*l/r

Sc = π2*Et/(Fs*(k*l/r)2) when Cc <= k*l/r

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

131/139
TEMA A.22 Shell Longitudinal Stress, New

(+)Ss, max = 6.01 MPa, (-)S s, max = -11.749 MPa


The shell longitudinal stresses are not excessive.

Pl = Pt - Pt' Pt' is from A.154

Ps* = Pl

Ps* = Ps' Ps' is from A.153


Equations used
Ps* = -Pd Pd is from A.151

Ps* = Pl + Ps'

Ps* = Pl - Pd

Ps* = Ps' - Pd

Allowable
Ps* = Pl + Ps' - Pd Ss = Cs*(Do - ts)*Ps* / (4*ts) Stress
(+/-)

Design Pl = 1,041.38 - 807.32 = 234.06


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.84 / (4*9.27) = 6.01
137 MPa
Ps* = 234.06 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = 610.74 Cs = 1

Ps' = 610.74 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = 807.32 Ps* = 234.06 + 610.74 = 844.8 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.59 / (4*9.27) = -11.317
Ps* = 234.06 - 1,590.82 = -1,356.76 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = 610.74 - 1,590.82 = -980.08 Cs = 1

Ps* = 234.06 + 610.74 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-746.02

Design - Shell Side External Pressure Pl = 1,144.8 - 887.49 = 257.31


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.26 / (4*9.27) = 1.83
137 MPa
Ps* = 257.31 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = -60.71 Cs = 1

Ps' = -60.71 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = 887.49 Ps* = 257.31 + -60.71 = 196.59 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.65 / (4*9.27) = -11.749
Ps* = 257.31 - 1,590.82 = -1,333.51 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = -60.71 - 1,590.82 = -1,651.53 Cs = 1

Ps* = 257.31 + -60.71 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-1,394.22

Design - Tube Side External Pressure Pl = -103.42 - -80.18 = -23.25


Ss(+) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*0.67 / (4*9.27) = 4.777
137 MPa
Ps* = -23.25 Cs = 1 MPa

Pd = 1,590.82 Ps* = 671.45 Cs = 1

Ps' = 671.45 Ps* = -1,590.82 Cs = 1

Pt' = -80.18 Ps* = -23.25 + 671.45 = 648.2 Cs = 1


Ss(-) = 1*(273.05 - 9.27)*-1.61 / (4*9.27) = -11.482
Ps* = -23.25 - 1,590.82 = -1,614.06 Cs = 1 85.858 MPa
MPa
Ps* = 671.45 - 1,590.82 = -919.37 Cs = 1

Ps* = -23.25 + 671.45 - 1,590.82 =


Cs = 1
-942.61

132/139
TEMA A.23 Tube Longitudinal Stress - Periphery Of Bundle, New

(+)St, max = 8.983 MPa, (-)S t, max = -1.846 MPa


The tube longitudinal stresses are not excessive.

P2 = Pt' - (ft*Pt/Fq) Pt' and ft are from A.154 Fq is from


A.151
P3 = Ps' - (fs*Ps/Fq) Ps' and fs are from A.153

Pt* = P2
Equations used
Pt* = -P3

Pt* = Pd Pd is from A.151

Pt* = P2 - P3

Pt* = P2 + Pd

Pt* = -P3 + Pd

Allowable
Pt* = P2 - P3 + Pd St = Ct*Fq*Pt**G2/(4*N*tt*(do - tt)) Stress
(+/-)

Design P2 = 807.32 - (0.8118*1,041.38/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa


240.79 0.5*1.4922*1.83*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
8.795 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = 610.74 - (0.6564*1,040.38/1.4922) =
153.09
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = 240.79 Ct = 1
Ps' = 610.74
Pt* = -153.09 Ct = 1
Pt' = 807.32
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = 1,040.38
Pt* = 240.79 - 153.09 = 87.71 Ct = 1 St(-) = 63.162 MPa
Pt = 1,041.38 1*1.4922*-0.15*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) = -1.47
Pt* = 240.79 + 1,590.82 = MPa A.24
Ct = 0.5
1,831.61

Pt* = -153.09 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,437.73

Pt* = -153.09 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,678.52

Design - Shell Side External Pressure P2 = 887.49 - (0.8118*1,144.8/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa
264.7 0.5*1.4922*1.87*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
8.983 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = -60.71 - (0.6564*-103.42/1.4922) =
-15.22
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = 264.7 Ct = 1
Ps' = -60.71
Pt* = --15.22 Ct = 1
Pt' = 887.49
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = -103.42
Pt* = 264.7 - -15.22 = 279.92 Ct = 1
Pt = 1,144.8
Pt* = 264.7 + 1,590.82 =
Ct = 0.5
1,855.52 all stresses are tensile

Pt* = --15.22 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,606.04

Pt* = --15.22 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,870.74

Design - Tube Side External Pressure P2 = -80.18 - (0.8118*-103.42/1.4922) = St(+) = 137 MPa
-23.91 0.5*1.4922*1.59*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
7.639 MPa
Fq = 1.4922 P3 = 671.45 - (0.6564*1,143.8/1.4922) =
168.3
Pd = 1,590.82
Pt* = -23.91 Ct = 1
Ps' = 671.45
Pt* = -168.3 Ct = 1
Pt' = -80.18
Pt* = 1,590.82 Ct = 0.5
Ps = 1,143.8

133/139
Pt* = -23.91 - 168.3 = -192.22 Ct = 1 St(-) = 63.162 MPa
Pt = -103.42 1*1.4922*-0.19*254.51 2/(4*138*1.65*(12.7 - 1.65)) =
Pt* = -23.91 + 1,590.82 = -1.846 MPa A.24
Ct = 0.5
1,566.91

Pt* = -168.3 + 1,590.82 =


Ct = 0.5
1,422.52

Pt* = -168.3 + 1,590.82 = Ct = 0.5


1,398.6

TEMA A.151 Equivalent Differential Expansion Pressure, New, Actual Thickness


J = 1 for shells without expansion joints.

Equations used K = Es*ts*(Do - ts) / (Et*tt*N*(d - tt))

∆L = Lt*(αs*(Tm-70) - αT*(tm-70)) from T-4.5

Fq = 0.25 + (F - 0.6)*((300*t s*Es/(K*L*E))*(G/T) 3)0.25

Pd = 4*J*Es*ts*(∆L/Lt)/((Do - 3*ts)*(1 + J*K*F q))

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

K = 192,195.199*9.27*(273.05 - 9.27) / (192,860.805*1.65*138*(12.7 - 1.65))


= 0.9685

∆L = 1,630*(8.7337E-06*(140.108-70) - 8.6783E-06*(125.132-70)) = 0.22


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Fq = 0.25 + (0.8905 -
0.6)*((300*9.27*192,195.199/(0.9685*1,530*192,195.199))*(254.51/45.24) 3)0.25
= 1.4922

Pd = 1000*4*1*192,195.2*9.27*(0.22/1,630)/((273.05 - 3*9.27)*(1 +
1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 1,590.82 kPa

134/139
TEMA A.152 Equivalent Bolting Pressure, New
PBt = 6.2*M1/(F2*G3)
Equations used
PBs = 6.2*M2/(F2*G3)

PBt = 6.2*1e6*5,565.2/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,349.8 kPa


Design
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*6,117.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 1,483.85 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

PBt = 6.2*1e6*143.9/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 34.89 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
PBs = 6.2*1e6*16,969.5/(0.8905 2*318.253) = 4,115.81 kPa

135/139
TEMA A.153 Effective Shell Side Design Pressure For Bending, New, Actual Thickness
fs = 1 - N*(do/G)2 = 1 - 138*(12.7/254.51) 2 = 0.6564

Ps' = Ps*(0.4*J*(1.5 + K*(1.5 + f s)) - ((1 -


J, K, Fq are from A.151
J)/2)*(Dj2/G2 - 1))/(1 + J*K*F q)
Equations used
P1 = (Ps' - Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
P = greatest
P2 = Ps'
absolute value of
P1 through P6 P3 = PBs PBs is from A.152

P4 = (Ps' - Pd - PBs )/2

P5 = (PBs + Pd)/2

P6 = Ps' - PBs

Ps' = 1,040.38*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = 610.74 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (610.74 - 1,590.82)/2 = -490.04 kPa


Design
P2 = 610.74 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (610.74 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,547.95 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = 610.74 - 4,115.81 = -3,505.07 kPa

Ps' = -103.42*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = -60.71 kPa

P = 4,176.52 kPa P1 = (-60.71 - 1,590.82)/2 = -825.77 kPa


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
P2 = -60.71 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (-60.71 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,883.67 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = -60.71 - 4,115.81 = -4,176.52 kPa

Ps' = 1,143.8*(0.4*1*(1.5 + 0.9685*(1.5 + 0.6564)) - ((1 - 1)/2)


*(254.512/254.512 - 1))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922) = 671.45 kPa

P = 4,115.81 kPa P1 = (671.45 - 1,590.82)/2 = -459.68 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
P2 = 671.45 kPa
PBs = 4,115.81
P3 = 4,115.81 kPa
Pd = 1,590.82
P4 = (671.45 - 1,590.82 - 4,115.81 )/2 = -2,517.59 kPa

P5 = (4,115.81 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,853.32 kPa

P6 = 671.45 - 4,115.81 = -3,444.36 kPa

136/139
TEMA A.154 Effective Tube Side Design Pressure For Bending, New, Actual Thickness
ft = 1 - N*((d o-2*tt)/G)2 = 1 - 138*((12.7-2*1.65)/254.51) 2 = 0.8118

Pt' = Pt*((1 + 0.4*J*K*(1.5 + f t))/(1 + J*K*F q)) J, K, Fq are from A.151


Equations used
P1 = (Pt' + PBt + Pd)/2 Pd is from A.151
when Ps' is positive
P = greatest
absolute value of P2 = Pt' + PBt PBt is from A.152

P1 = (Pt' - Ps' + PBt + Pd)/2


when Ps' is negative Ps' is from A.153
P2 = Pt' - Ps' + PBt

Pt' = 1,041.38*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 807.32 kPa

P = 2,157.11 kPa P1 = (807.32 + 1,349.8 + 1,590.82)/2 = 1,873.97 kPa


Design
Ps' = 610.74
Pd = 1,590.82
P2 = 807.32 + 1,349.8 = 2,157.11 kPa
PBt = 1,349.8

Pt' = 1,144.8*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = 887.49 kPa

P = 2,432.05 kPa P1 = (887.49 - -60.71 + 1,483.85 + 1,590.82)/2 = 2,011.43


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
kPa
Ps' = -60.71
Pd = 1,590.82
PBt = 1,483.85 P2 = 887.49 - -60.71 + 1,483.85 = 2,432.05 kPa

Pt' = -103.42*((1 + 0.4*1*0.9685*(1.5 + 0.8118))/(1 + 1*0.9685*1.4922)) = -80.18 kPa

P = 772.77 kPa P1 = (-80.18 + 34.89 + 1,590.82)/2 = 772.77 kPa


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Ps' = 671.45
Pd = 1,590.82
P2 = -80.18 + 34.89 = -45.29 kPa
PBt = 34.89

TEMA A.24 Allowable Tube Compressive Stress - Periphery Of Bundle, New


2 2 0.5 2 2 0.5
r = 0.25*(d + (d - 2*t ) ) = 0.25*(12.7 + (12.7 - 2*1.65) ) = 3.95
o o t

Equations used Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*F q, where 1.25 ≤ F s ≤ 2 Fq is from A.151

k*l/r = 0.8*395.24/3.95
Cc = (2*π2*Et/Sy)0.5
= 80.047

Sc = (Sy/Fs)*(1 - (k*l/r)/(2*C c)) when Cc > k*l/r

Sc = π2*Et/(Fs*(k*l/r)2) when Cc <= k*l/r

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design - Shell Side External Pressure
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

Fs = 3.25 - 0.5*1.4922 = 2.5039 Fs = 2


Design - Tube Side External Pressure
Cc = (2*π2*192,860.805/173) 0.5 = 148.3419

Sc = (173/2)*(1 - (0.8*395.24/3.95)/(2*148.3419)) = 63.162 MPa Cc > 80.047

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TEMA RCB-9.132 Pass Partition Plate Calculations

Front Pass Partition Plate


Tube side pressure drop, q 68.95 kPa
Material SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 31)
Allowable stress, S 138 MPa
Pass plate dimension, a 528 mm
Pass plate dimension, b 253.01 mm
Thickness, T 10 mm
Corrosion allowance, C 0 mm
Fillet weld leg size 7 mm

From TABLE RCB-9.131

t = 6.4 mm

From TABLE RCB-9.132, long sides fixed, a/b = 2.0869, B = 0.5

t = b*(q*B/(1.5*S))1/2 + C
= 253.01*(0.07*0.5/(1.5*138))1/2 + 0
= 3.27 mm

The pass partition plate thickness of 10 mm is adequate.

Pass partition minimum weld size = 0.75*(t - C) + (C / 2) / 0.7


= 0.75*(3.27 - 0) + (0 / 2) / 0.7
= 2.45 mm

The pass partition fillet weld size of 7 mm is adequate.

Rear Pass Partition Plate


Tube side pressure drop, q 68.95 kPa
Material SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 31)
Allowable stress, S 138 MPa
Pass plate dimension, a 378 mm
Pass plate dimension, b 253.01 mm
Thickness, T 10 mm
Corrosion allowance, C 0 mm
Fillet weld leg size 7 mm

From TABLE RCB-9.131

t = 6.4 mm

From TABLE RCB-9.132, long sides fixed, a/b = 1.494, B = 0.4919

138/139
t = b*(q*B/(1.5*S))1/2 + C
= 253.01*(0.07*0.4919/(1.5*138))1/2 + 0
= 3.24 mm

The pass partition plate thickness of 10 mm is adequate.

Pass partition minimum weld size = 0.75*(t - C) + (C / 2) / 0.7


= 0.75*(3.24 - 0) + (0 / 2) / 0.7
= 2.43 mm

The pass partition fillet weld size of 7 mm is adequate.

Front Pass Partition Weight

Wt = a*b*T*ρ*n
528 * 253.01 * (10) * (8,027 *
=
1.E-09) * 4
= 42.9 kg
Rear Pass Partition Weight

Wt = a*b*T*ρ*n
378 * 253.01 * (10) * (8,027 *
=
1.E-09) * 3
= 23 kg

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