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# School VICTORINO MAPA HIGH SCHOOL - MANILA Grade Level 8

GRADE 8
DAILY LESSON LOG Teacher Kevin Emmanuel S. Deniega Learning Area MATHEMATICS
Teaching Dates and Time June 1, 2018 Quarter SECOND

## Session Session Session

Session 1
2 3 4
I. OBJECTIVES
1. Content The learner demonstrates key concepts of linear inequalities in two variables, systems of linear inequalities in two
Standards variables and linear functions.
2. Performance The learner is able to formulate and solve accurately real-life problems involving linear inequalities in two variables,
Standards systems of linear inequalities in two variables, and linear functions.
3. Learning The learner solves problems involving linear functions.
Competencies (M8AL-IIe-2)

## 1. Solve word problems involving linear functions.

2. Appreciate the concept of solving problems involving linear functions.

## II. CONTENT PROBLEMS INVOLVING LINEAR FUNCTIONS

III. LEARNING
RESOURCES
A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide
pages

2. Learner’s Materials
197 - 200
pages
3. Textbook pages
Sabangan, Leticia et.al. Math Time pages 32 – 33

Nivera, Gladys et.al. Patterns and Practicalities Math 8 pages 181 – 185
4. Additional Materials
from Learning
Resource (LR)
portal
B. Other Learning Whiteboard, markers, laptop, projector
Resources
IV. PROCEDURES
A. Reviewing previous
lesson or presenting The students will play wheel of fortune and they are expected to arrive at the phrase:
the new lesson
Linear Function

## a) If f(x) = x + 3, find f(-2).

−5𝑥+2
b) If g(x) = 3 , find g(1)
−2𝑥+5 3
c) If h(x) = , find h(2).
4

## II. Set up a function for each given situation:

1. The cost of playing golf in Chateau Royale Golf Club is 500 pesos per hour and
requires a one-time membership fee of 1000 pesos. Write a function that shows the
relationship between the number of hours playing golf x and the total fee y.

2. An airplane 30,000 feet above the ground begins descending at a rate of 2,000 feet
per minute. Write a function that models the relationship between the altitude of the
plane A and the time in minutes M.
3. Establishing a
purpose for the The LTFRB set a fare matrix for Jeepney, where the fare for regular passenger is
lesson ₱8.00 for the first 4km and an additional fare of ₱1.50 per kilometer for the
succeeding kilometer or a fraction of it.
Kevin is a guest in Chateau Royale and he needs to go to Robinsons Tagaytay to
purchase some goods. The distance between Chateau Royale and Robinsons
Tagaytay is exactly 14km. The jeepney driver told Kevin that he must pay a fare of
40 pesos since he is a regular passenger. Do you think Kevin paid the right amount?
Why or why not?

4. Presenting To see if Kevin paid the right amount, we can do the following:
examples/
instances of the Step 1: Write the given information.
lesson
The fare for regular passenger is ₱8.00 for the first 4km and an additional fare of
₱1.50 per kilometer for the succeeding kilometer or a fraction of it.

## Independent: Jeepney fare in pesos

Step 3: We write the function that best describes the relationship between the
variables in the problem.

8, 𝑖𝑓 0 < 𝑥 ≤ 4
𝑦={
8 + 1.5(𝑥 − 4), 𝑖𝑓 𝑥 > 4

## The fare for a distance of 14km.

Step 5: Solve for the unknown.
y = 8 + 1.50(x – 4)
y = 8 + 1.50(14 – 4)
y = 8 + 1.50(10)
y = 23

The Jeepney fare for 14km is ₱23.00. Therefore, we can say that Kevin did not pay
the right amount, he paid more than ₱23.00.

Example 1:

## Using the given information above, consider this problem:

If the distance from Chateau Royale to Nasugbu town proper is 20km, how much the
jeepney fare would be?

Example 2:

“German Shepherd”

Alex own a newly-born German Shepherd. Suppose the dog weighs 1kg. at birth.
You’ve known from a friend that the monthly average weight gained by the dog is
5kg. If the rate of increase of the dog’s weight every month is constant, determine
the function that will describe the dog’s weight. What is the weight of the Dog after
three months?

## 5. Discussing new Solve the following problem.

concepts and
practicing new Victorino Mapa High School had 1200 students enrolled in 2003 and 1500 students
skills #1 in 2006. If the student population P grows as a linear function of time T, where T is
the number of years after 2003. Solve the following:

## a. How many students will be enrolled in the school in 2010?

b. Find a linear function that relates the student population P and the time t.
6. Developing Solve the given problem:
mastery
(Leads to Formative Kent house is located 1.4km from his school. When he walks home from school, it
Assessment 3) takes him an average of 24 minutes. Assuming that Kent walks at a constant rate,
a. Write an equation that best models Kent’s distance from home, d in km, if
he has walked a total of t minutes on his trip home that day.
b. Find the distance of Kent from his home if he already walked for 6mins.

## 7. Finding practical Think – Pair – Share c.

applications of
concepts and skills The class will be divided in 6 groups. Group 1, 2, and 3 will solve problem 1 and
in daily living Group 4, 5, and 6 will solve problem 2.
After solving the problem in each group, all group members will find a partner from
other group to ask the question to his/her chosen partner and to discuss the
solution.

Problem 1:
One of the pools in Chateau Royale contains 1000 Liters of water. It is being
drained at a constant speed of 40 liters per minute.
a. Write a linear function W for the number of liters of water in the pool after t
minutes of draining.
b. How many liters of water are in the pool after 11 minutes?

Problem 2:
The cost and revenue functions of a particular brand of a box of chalk are given by
C(x) = 20x + 4000 and R(x) = 60x + 2000 respectively, where x is the number of
chalk box produced and sold.
a. How many box/boxes of chalk must be produced and sold to break even?
b. What is the minimum number of box of chalk should the company produced
and sold so that it is certain that the company will gain an income?

B. Making A linear function is a function defined by any equation that can be written in the form
generalizations and 𝑦 = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏 or 𝑓(𝑥) = 𝑚𝑥 + 𝑏, where m and b are constants.
abstractions about What do you think is the importance of linear function in solving real-life word
the lesson problems?
C. Evaluating learning (If time permits)

## Solve the given problem.

Sarah earns ₱42.00 an hour in a dress factory with an additional of ₱50.00 for her
daily meal allowance. Solve the following:
a. Write a function that models her earning for one day. Use y for her total earning
for one day and x for the number of hours.
b. How much will she earn if she worked for 8 hours on a particular day?
c. Suppose she earned a total of ₱260.00 on a Monday, how long did she work
for that day?

## J. Additional activities Follow up:

for application or
remediation 1. A motorist drives at a constant rate of 60kph. If his destination is 240 kilometers
away from his starting point, how many hours will it take him to reach the
destination? Write a function that best describes the problem.

## 2. Define the following terms:

a. Hypothesis
b. Conclusion

V. REMARKS
VI. REFLECTION
1. No. of learners who
earned 80% on the
formative assessment
2. No.of learners who
require additional
activities for
remediation.
3. Did the remedial
lessons work? No.of
learners who have
caught up with the
lesson.
4. No.of learners who
continue to require
remediation
5. Which of my teaching
strategies worked
well? Why did these
work?
6. What difficulties did I
encounter which my
principal or supervisor
can help me solve?
7. What innovation or
localized materials did
I use/discover which I
wish to share with
other teachers?