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Application Manual

Electronic Board

©2010 McQuay International www.mcquayup.com


Table Of Contents

Direct Expansion System


Single Split – Single Compressor (L2.2) ………………………………2
Single Split – Single Compressor (L208) ………………………………17
Single Split – Single Compressor (SB125) ………………………………32
Single Split – Multi Compressor (SQ2.0) ………………………………42

Chilled Water System


Fan Coil Unit (W2.0) ………………………………59
Water Source Heatpump (LWS2.0) ………………………………76
Mini Chiller – Multi Compressor (MC1.1) ………………………………93

Handset
G11 ………………………...……110
G17 ……………………………...112
Sequential LCD ……………………………...114
Netware 3 ……………………………...118
SLM 3 …………………...…………124
Chiller Panel …………………………...…127

Appendix
Controllers’ Development ………………...……Appendix1
PCB Identification ……………...………Appendix1
Thermistor ……………...………Appendix1
Single Split – Single Compressor (L2.2)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• AUTO/ COOL/ DRY/ FAN/ HEAT/ DEFROST system control.


• AUTO/ HIGH/ MED/ LOW indoor fan speed control.
• Single speed outdoor fan control.
• Louver and AC swing control option.
• Real time clock
• Real time ON/OFF timer.
• SLEEP function for COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• Cold start, Hot start and Hot keep.
• Memory backup (non-volatile) for last state settings option.
• LEDs display for CDF, COOL, DRY, FAN, HEAT, SLEEP, TIMER, ION only
• On line testing activation (OnTAC)
• IR reception
• Multi-split (MSP) model option
• Wired and wireless control
• Water pump control
• IONIZER control
• TURBO function
• Heat Mode Offset 2°C option

1.2 Protections

• Self diagnostics.
• Indoor antifreeze for cooling cycle.
• Compressor recycle protection (Anti short cycle timer).
• Compressor random restart during 1st thermostat cut in cycle.
• Gas leak detection option.
• Compressor overload manual/auto reset option.
• Compressor HARDWARE overloads protection option.

2 Functions

2.1 Models

The system modes are:


Models Modes
AP Auto > Cool > Dry > Fan > Heat >
EC Cool > Dry > Fan >

2.2 Power Up Settings

During power up, the system can be configured to memorize the settings prior to power down. This is
done by shorting the 2 way straight header J_LST. The settings that are memorized are:-

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a) Mode & On/Off status
b) Set Temperature
c) Fan Speed
d) DC swing
e) AC swing
f) Key Lock (for wired control)

These data or settings are save in non-volatile memory.

The CPU will save the updated settings into the memory 10 seconds after changes are confirmed.
However, it will take 3 seconds to update the memory if the unit changes from on to off state.

If the J_LST is not shorted or memory corrupted, the default settings are
a) Unit : OFF,
b) Mode : COOL,
c) Set Temp. : 24°C,
d) Indoor fan speed: HIGH
e) SWING OFF

2.3 Unit ON/OFF

There are 3 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via ON/OFF triggering
ii) via real-time ON/OFF timer

2.3.1 ON/OFF triggering

ON/OFF triggering can be achieved by pressing the emergency ON/OFF button or the LCD remote
controller ON/OFF button. In doing so, the DELAY timer will be reset.

When the emergency ON/OFF button is pressed, the system mode setting will rotate in the following
sequence:-
MODEL SEQUENCE
AP ---------- > COOL > HEAT > OFF > ------------
EC --------------->COOL > OFF >------------------

The corresponding LEDs will also follow suit.

Pressing the wired/wireless controller ON/OFF button will toggle the system status either from ON to
OFF or from OFF to ON.

2.3.2 Real Time ON/OFF timer

When the real time ON timer set time matches the internal real time clock, the unit will be switched on.
Similarly, when the OFF time matches the real time clock, the unit is switched off. The timer settings
are retained so that similar switching can occur 24 hours later.
These timers will be deactivated if the emergency ON/OFF switch is pressed.

2.4 Temperature Range and Settings

The operating temperature range is 16 °C to 30 °C (60°F to 86°F), both inclusive. Temperature setting
is allowed in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

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2.5 Sleep Function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time. The COOL and HEAT mode
SLEEP profile is as follows:

Mode Algorithm
Cool

Heat

The SLEEP function is only available for COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes. Changing to other modes
will inhibit the SLEEP function and the timer will be reset.

Pressing the emergency ON/OFF will deactivate and clear the sleep function.

This function is set/reset by the wired/wireless controller.

2.6 Indoor Fan Control

The indoor fan speeds are LO, MED, HIGH or AUTO FAN in COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes.

In FAN mode, only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.

2.7 Louver and Swing Control

The swing will run if indoor fan is on and vice versa.

If unit switches from off mode to on mode, the louver will stop at the last position when it goes from on
to off mode.

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2.8 IONIZER Control

The IONIZER will be turned ON when indoor fan is running and it will be turned OFF when indoor fan
stop.

This function is set/reset by the wireless controller.

2.9 TURBO Function

TURBO function is available in COOL, HEAT and DRY modes only. The indoor fan will force to high
fan. After 20 minutes, this function will clear automatically, indoor fan speed will restore. Cold start will
be overridden when TURBO function is activated. If TURBO and SLEEP are activated at the same
time, the SLEEP mode timer will be reset, it will resume after TURBO function is cleared.

Compressor cut out will deactivate TURBO function.

2.10 Heat Mode Offset 2°C Option

If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C. This option is not applicable in
AUTO HEAT mode.

3 Operating Modes
The system mode is set by the wired/wireless control. The actual mode will be shown on the mode
LEDs. Mode changes respond 2 seconds after data reception.

3.1 Cold Start

When the unit restarts 2 hours after it has stopped or during power-on-reset start, it is considered a
cold start. This feature is not available in sleep mode.

3.2 Cool Mode

In Cool mode, the compressor will be cut in if the Tr - Ts > 0.5°C and the compressor will be cut out if
the Tr < Ts - 1.0°C, subject to timing protections.

In this mode, the indoor fan is always running. For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user
set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

5
°C

+1.5
+1.0
+0.5
Ts
-0.5
-1.0

H M L M H ML L M H
COMP
COMP ON OFF COMP ON

3.3 Dry Mode

During the first 12 minutes of the DRY mode run from:

i) Cold Start or
ii) Mode change from HEAT, FAN or AUTO HEAT

Dry mode must run under cool mode with AUTO indoor fan for 12 minutes or until
Tr < Ts - 1°C.

After this, the dry mode may run under either Zone A, B, C or D as below:

i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C , the operation is in Zone A


ii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C , then the operation is in Zone C.
iii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C, then the operation is in Zone B.
iv) if Ts - Tr > 3°C, then the operation is in Zone D.
v) the other temperature ranges are dead bands for zone stability.

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The sequence for the various zones is as shown:
Condition Zone Algorithm
i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C A

ii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C B

iii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C C

iv) if Ts – Tr > 3°C D

v) the other temperature ranges - -


are dead bands for zone
stability.

3.4 Fan Mode

Only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.


The compressor and the outdoor fan will stop. Similarly, the 4-way valve will turn off.

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3.5 Heat Mode

There is a model of heat mode, namely auto heatpump (AP).

3.5.1 Heat Pump Model

The compressor will be cut in if the Tr < Ts+1 and it will be cut out if Tr - Ts > 3.5°C, subject to timing
protections.
If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C.

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan
speed will run as follows:

°C

+3.5
+3.0
+2.0

+1.0
Ts

M H M L M H M L COMP
OFF
COMP COMP
OFF ON

These fan speeds are subjected to the following Hot start and Hot keep features:

3.5.1.1 Hot Start

During the cut in cycle, the indoor fan speed will modulate according to the indoor coil temperature:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at user set fan speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan speed will stop. For fan always ON option,
then indoor fan will run low.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will be changed to
low. (either start from off, or change from higher speed)

3.5.1.2 Hot Keep

When the compressor cuts out, the unit is in hot keep mode. There are 3 options of Hot Keep:

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Fan on option

This option is selected if a 22k ohm resistor is inserted into RFAN.

The start of heat mode, is defined as when:


a) the unit is just turned on from off with setting in Heat mode OR
b) the mode changes from non-heat to Heat mode OR
c) just after the end of a defrost cycle,

The hot keep cycle at the start of heat mode will be as follow:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
i) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run low.
ii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan off option

This option is selected if a 7k5 ohm resistor is inserted into RFAN.


i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan low cycle on & off option

This option is selected if a 3k ohm resistor is inserted into RFAN.

The low fan will cut in for 30 seconds and subsequently off for 120 seconds. These cycle of on and off
will repeat.

3.5.1.3 4-way valve switching

To run heat pump, the 4-way valve must turn ON. Upon return to a non-heat pump mode, the 4-way
must turn OFF. The 4-way valve can only be changed 55+/- 5 seconds after the compressor has been
cut out. Then the compressor may be cut in 4 seconds later.

3.6 Auto Mode

Under AUTO mode, the mode can be selected automatically between Heat and Cool mode,
depending on the room temperature and Set Temperature. There is no cold start in Auto mode.
If the present Auto mode is Cool, its mode Set Temperature is the same as the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Heat mode if :-

i) Tr <= Ts mode - 3.5°C AND


ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

If the present Auto mode is heat, its mode set temperature is 1.5°C below the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Cool mode if:-
i) Tr > Ts mode + 3.0°C AND
ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

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Cool and Heat options working under Auto mode are the same as those working under non-Auto
mode.

3.7 Defrost Mode

A defrost timer will start counting when the outdoor heat exchange thermistor is below +3°C.
Upon crossing over +5°C to a higher temperature for more than 150 seconds, the timer will be reset.
The temperature sensing could only be done when the compressor run time is more than 2 minutes.

The likelihood of ice frosting at the outdoor coil is characterized by 3 gradients of outdoor temperature
shown in the chart below:

To
°C

+3
+2 C

30' 2 hrs
0
0 1 hr
time
-2
B
-4

-6 A

-8 defrost mode if more


than 3 minutes

Defrost mode will be activated if the compressor run time is:

i) 30 mins to 1 hour below 3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-8°C for more than
3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

ii) 1 hour to 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-4°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

iii) more than 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-2°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.
If unit in outdoor fan forced off mode, the defrost will not be allowed to be declared.
3.7.1 Defrost cycle

In the defrost cycle, the HEAT LED will blink only in SLM3.

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When defrost starts, the indoor fan, auxiliary heater, outdoor fan & 4-way valve will cut off while the
compressor remains running.

The defrost will terminate if:-


a) Temperature of outdoor exchange coil exceeds +10°C or
b) A minimum of 10 minutes compressor run time is achieved.

At the end of the defrost cycle, the compressor cuts out. The 4-way valve switches on 15 +/- 5
seconds later. The compressor can cut in 20 seconds after the 4-way valve has cut in.

3.8 Off mode

When the unit is off, no indication will be provided. All relays will be turned off immediately after the
ON/OFF triggering except the 4-way valve which is subjected to the 55 +/- 5 seconds protection
where applicable.

4 Protections
4.1 Thermostat Minimum OFF Time.

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut in after a minimum period of 3 minutes from the
time it cuts off except during valve changeover sequences.

4.2 Compressor Random Restart

Should the main power cuts out and power resume, there are 2 options whereby will depend on if
memory backup option is selected:-
a) If memory backup option is not selected. Compressor can cut in immediately after power up again;
subject to thermostat cut in mode.

b) If memory backup option is selected. Compressor can cut in 0 – 64 seconds after power up again;
subject to. thermostat cut in mode.

4.3 Thermostat Minimum Run Time

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut out after minimum 150 seconds of running in the
current mode. The compressor can be cut out at any time if the system is switched to other modes or
in any other protection sequences.

4.4 Compressor Overload Protection

There are two methods to detect the compressor overload; namely by the coil sensors and the
hardware overload (normally close) switch.

4.5 Coil Sensors Detection

This protection is only available in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

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In cooling cycle, when the Outdoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, both the compressor and outdoor
fan will stop operating. In heating cycle, when the Indoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, the
compressor, outdoor fan and 4WV will stop operating accordingly.

The indoor fan will continue operating as per hot keep.

The unit will auto reset if the temperature goes below 50°C. This is allowed once every power on
reset. If the unit is required to auto reset every time the overload occurs, please refer to the RGL
hardware selection.

If the temperature goes below the permissible limit, the overload protection can be reset manually by
triggering the ON/OFF.

4.6 Hardware Switch Detection

This is a normally close switch. It is connected in series with the power supply to the controller. Once
there is overload, the switch will open and power supply to controller will be cut off.

During the first cycle of thermostat on since power on reset, a counter is increased by one and a timer
starts to run. If the timer exceeds 3 minutes or the unit is turned off, the counter is reset to 0. During
the increment, if the counter is > 5, the unit will declare compressor overload protection. This fault is
manual resettable.

The counter is saved in the non-volatile memory. If memory backup option is not selected, the counter
is always set to 0 during power on reset. It is selectable thru RGL.

4.7 Outdoor fan speed control

Heating Cycle
The outdoor fan will cut off when the indoor coil temperature exceeds 55°C / 53ºC (Depends on
outdoor/indoor fan speed control option). The outdoor fan may resume when indoor coil temperature
is lower than 50°C.

The indoor fan speed will be forced to 1 speed higher than the user set speed when the indoor coil
temperature exceeds 53°C / 51ºC; i.e. LOW fan will be forced to MEDIUM fan while MEDIUM fan will
be forced to HIGH fan and there is no change if the user set speed is HIGH. It will resume at the user
set speed when indoor coil temperature is lower than 48°C.

Cooling Cycle
The outdoor fan will run whenever the compressor is cut in.

4.8 Indoor Anti freeze

This protection is only available in cooling cycle. The system will be in the Frost Prevention Mode if
the Indoor Coil Temp. reaches 1°C / 3ºC (depends on antifreeze option) and below for at least 1
minute AND compressor has been running for at least 10 minutes.
Upon confirmation, the compressor and the outdoor fan must be stopped. The compressor and the
outdoor fan can only be restarted when the Indoor Coil temperature reaches 10°C and above for at
least 1 minute.

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4.9 Self Diagnostics

Event CDF LED Timer LED Other LEDs Error Code


1 Room sensor open or short Blink 1 time - - Blink E1
2 Indoor coil sensor open Blink 2 time - Blink Sleep Blink E2
3 Outdoor coil sensor open Blink 3 time - - Blink E3
Compressor overload/ Indoor coil sensor
4 short/ outdoor coil sensor short Blink 1 time - Blink E4
5 Gas leak Blink 3 times - Blink E5
6 Water pump fault Blink 2 times - Blink E6
7 Outdoor coil sensor exist (MS model) Blink 5 times Blink Heat Blink E7
8 Hardware error (tact switch pin short) Blink 6 times Blink Heat Blink E8
* Remark: SLM will blink the HEAT led when defrost happened.

The unit will not detect sensor missing when the compressor is ON

4.10 Gas Leak (Outdoor unit abnormal)

This option is selected via resistor RGL.

The gas leak is declared if indoor coil temperature is > 25°C in cooling cycle or < 20°C in heating
cycle.

The system will check the gas leak mode if compressors run time of 30 minutes is achieved. If above
condition is met, the system will reconfirm the indoor coil temperature for another 5 minutes before
declaring the gas leak mode.

No gas leak checking during outdoor defrost. The compressor run timer will be reset.

5 OnTAC Activation
This feature is to force the compressor on for approximately 10 minutes irrespective of room
temperature and compressor minimum off time protection. Besides the compressor minimum off time,
other protections are still available. This feature is allowed to be activated once every power on reset
and is activated by pressing the emergency on/off button for more than 5 seconds.
To activate OnTac in cooling cycle, ensure the unit to off mode first. Then press the button for more
than 5 seconds.

To activate the OnTac in heating cycle, set the unit to cool mode first before pressing the button for
more than 5 seconds.

6 Hardware Selections
There are 2 resistors (Rxxx) used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.1 RFAN
For AP model, this is used to configure board’s HOT KEEP specifications:-
OPEN - Multisplit (always use YA spec)
22k - C2 spec (Fan on, off below 18ºC).

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7k5 - YA spec (Fan off).

6.2 RGL
This is used to enable or disable the Gas Leak and Compressor overload options:-
110k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
22k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload auto reset, hardware overload
detection on
7k5 - No gas leak, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
3k - No gas leak, Compressor overload auto reset,
hardware overload detection on

There are 3 diodes used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.3 Offset temperature. (DOT)


This diode used to select set temperature offset option in heat mode.
Exist - No offset
Open - 2ºC is added to set temperature in heat mode.

6.4 Antifreeze 1ºC / 3ºC option (D1/3C)


This diode is used to select 1ºC / 3ºC threshold for cool mode antifreeze protection.
Exist - 1ºC
Open - 3ºC

6.5 Outdoor/Indoor fan speed control option (D55/53C)


This diode is used to select 55ºC/53ºC threshold for heating mode outdoor fan and indoor fan speed
control.
Exist - 55ºC outdoor fan off. 53ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.
Open - 53ºC outdoor fan off. 51ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.

7 Multi Spit Model


Most of the control algorithms for multi split model is similar to single split unless stated below:

7.1 There is no outdoor coil sensor for multi split model. If outdoor coil sensor is inserted, unit will
show error.

7.2 Since the outdoor sensor is not available, the overload protection only limited to heating cycle by
checking the indoor coil sensor.

7.3 No outdoor defrost cycle (Taken care by outdoor controller).

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7.4 There is no gas leak detection.

7.5 Multi split Hot Start


i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at user set fan speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 25°C, the indoor fan speed will stop. For fan always ON option,
then indoor fan will run low.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will be changed to low.

7.6 Multi split Hot Keep


Only one hot keep option which is fan off option:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

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8 Schematic Diagram
Figure 1:

Figure 2:

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Single Split - Single Compressor (L208)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• AUTO/ COOL/ DRY/ FAN/ HEAT/ DEFROST system control.


• AUTO/ HIGH/ MED/ LOW indoor fan speed control.
• Single speed outdoor fan control.
• Louver and AC swing control option.
• Real time clock
• Real time ON/OFF timer.
• SLEEP function for COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• Cold start, Hot start and Hot keep.
• Memory backup (non-volatile) for last state settings option.
• LEDs display for POWER, COOL, DRY, FAN, HEAT, SLEEP, TIMER, ION only
• On line testing activation (OnTAC)
• IR reception Multi-split (MSP) model option
• Wired and wireless control
• Water pump control
• IONIZER control
• TURBO function
• Heat Mode Offset 2°C option

1.2 Protections

• Self diagnostics.
• Indoor antifreeze for cooling cycle.
• Compressors recycle protection (Anti short cycle timer).
• Compressor random restart during 1st thermostat cut in cycle.
• Gas leak detection option.
• Compressor overload manual/auto reset option.
• Compressor HARDWARE overloads protection option.

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2 Functions
2.1 Models

The system has 2 modes which are cooling only mode (EC) and heatpump mode (AP).

Models Modes
AP Auto > Cool > Dry > Fan > Heat >
EC Cool > Dry > Fan >

2.2 Power Up Settings

During power up, the system can be configured to memorize the settings prior to power down. This is
done by shorting the 2 way straight header J_LST. The settings that are memorized are:-
a) Mode & On/Off status
b) Set Temperature
c) Fan Speed
d) DC swing
e) AC swing
f) Key Lock (for wired control)

These data or settings are saving in non-volatile memory.

The system will save the updated settings into the memory 10 seconds after changes are confirmed.
However, it will take 3 seconds to update the memory if the unit changes from on to off state.

If the J_LST is not shorted or memory corrupted, the default settings are
a) Unit : OFF,
b) Mode : COOL,
c) Set Temp. : 24°C,
d) Indoor fan speed: HIGH
e) SWING OFF

2.3 Unit ON/OFF

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via ON/OFF triggering
ii) via real-time ON/OFF timer

2.3.1 ON/OFF triggering

ON/OFF triggering can be achieved by pressing the emergency ON/OFF button or the LCD remote
controller ON/OFF button.

When the emergency ON/OFF button is pressed, the system mode setting will rotate in the following
sequence:-

MODEL SEQUENCE
AP ---------- > COOL > HEAT > OFF > ------------
EC --------------->COOL > OFF >-------------------
The corresponding LEDs will also follow suit.
Pressing the wired/wireless controller ON/OFF button will toggle the system status either from ON to
OFF or from OFF to ON.

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2.3.2 Real Time ON/OFF timer

When the real time ON timer set time matches the internal real time clock, the unit will be switched on.
Similarly, when the OFF time matches the real time clock, the unit is switched off. The timer settings
are retained so that similar switching can occur 24 hours later.

These timers will be deactivated if the emergency ON/OFF switch is pressed.

2.4 Temperature Range and Settings

The operating temperature range is 16 °C to 30 °C (60°F to 86°F), both inclusive. Temperature setting
is allowed in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

2.5 Sleep Function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time. The COOL and HEAT mode
SLEEP profile is as follows:

Mode Algorithm
Cool

Heat

The SLEEP function is only available for COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes. Changing to other modes
will inhibit the SLEEP function and the timer will be reset.
Pressing the emergency ON/OFF will deactivate and clear the sleep function.
This function is set/reset by the wired/wireless controller.

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2.6 Indoor Fan Control

The indoor fan speeds are LO, MED, HIGH or AUTO FAN in COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes.

In FAN mode, only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.

2.7 Louver and Swing Control

The swing will run if indoor fan is on and vice versa.

If unit switches from off mode to on mode, the louver will stop at the last position when it goes from on
to off mode.

2.8 Water Pump Control

The water pump will on if compressor is on during cooling cycle. The pump will remain on for at least
5’ after the comp is off.

During mode change from cooling to non cooling mode, the pump will on for minimum 5’.

During defrost cycle, the pump will on and will on for another 5’ once the defrost cycle is terminated.

2.9 Water Level Switch Detection

This normally close switch is to detect faults in water pump system. It will confirm for 30” for switch
open and 60” for switch close.
Once switch is confirmed open, it will force compressor to cut off. The compressor is not allowed to
cut in. Error will be declared.

2.10 IONIZER Control

The IONIZER will be turned ON when indoor fan is running and it will be turned OFF when indoor fan
stop.

This function is set/reset by the wireless controller.

2.11 TURBO Function

TURBO function is available in COOL, HEAT and DRY modes only. The indoor fan will force to high
fan. After 20 minutes, this function will clear automatically, and the indoor fan speed will restore. Cold
start will be overridden when TURBO function is activated. If TURBO and SLEEP are activated at the
same time, the SLEEP mode timer will be reset, it will resume after TURBO function is cleared.

Compressor cut out will deactivate TURBO function.

2.12 Heat Mode Offset 2°C Option

If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C. This option is not applicable in
AUTO HEAT mode.

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3 Operating Mode
The system mode is set by the wired/wireless control. The actual mode will be shown on the mode
LEDs. Mode changes respond 2 seconds after data reception.

3.1 Cold Start

When the unit restarts 2 hours after it has stopped or during power-on-reset start, it is considered a
cold start. This feature is not available in sleep mode.

3.2 Cool Mode

In Cool mode, the compressor will be cut in if the Tr - Ts > 0.5°C and the compressor will be cut out if
the Tr < Ts - 1.0°C, subject to timing protections.

In this mode, the indoor fan is always running. For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user
set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

°C

+1.5
+1.0
+0.5
Ts
-0.5
-1.0

H M L M H ML L M H
COMP
COMP ON OFF COMP ON

3.3 Dry Mode

During the first 12 minutes of the DRY mode run from:

i) Cold Start or
ii) Mode change from HEAT, FAN or AUTO HEAT

Dry mode must run under cool mode with AUTO indoor fan for 12 minutes or until
Tr < Ts - 1°C.

After this, the dry mode may run under either Zone A, B, C or D as below:

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i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C , the operation is in Zone A
ii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C , then the operation is in Zone C.
iii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C, then the operation is in Zone B.
iv) if Ts - Tr > 3°C, then the operation is in Zone D.
v) the other temperature ranges are dead bands for zone stability.

The sequence for the various zones is as shown:

Condition Zone Algorithm


i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C A

ii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C B

iii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C C

iv) if Ts – Tr > 3°C D

v) the other temperature ranges - -


are dead bands for zone
stability.

22
3.4 Fan Mode

Only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.


The compressor and the outdoor fan will stop. Similarly, the 4-way valve will turn off.

3.5 Heat Mode

There is a model of heat mode, namely auto heatpump (AP).

3.5.1 Heat Pump Model

The compressor will be cut in if the Tr < Ts+1 and it will be cut out if Tr - Ts > 3.5°C, subject to timing
protections.

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan
speed will run as follows:

°C

+3.5
+3.0
+2.0

+1.0
Ts

M H M L M H M L COMP
OFF
COMP COMP
OFF ON

These fan speeds are subjected to the following Hot start and Hot keep features:

3.5.1.1 Hot Start

During the cut in cycle, the indoor fan speed will modulate according to the indoor coil temperature:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at user set fan speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan speed will stop. For fan always ON option,
indoor fan will run low.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will be
changed to low. (either start from off, or change from higher speed)

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3.5.1.2 Hot Keep

When the compressor cuts out, the unit is in hot keep mode. There are 4 options of Hot Keep:

Fan Always on option

For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses below 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.

Fan on option

The start of heat mode, is defined as when:


a) the unit is just turned on from off with setting in Heat mode OR
b) the mode changes from non-heat to Heat mode OR
c) just after the end of a defrost cycle,

The hot keep cycle at the start of heat mode will be as follow :
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
i) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run low.
ii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan will stop.
Fan off option

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan low cycle on & off option

The low fan will cut in for 30 seconds and subsequently off for 120 seconds. These cycles of on and
off will repeat.

3.5.1.3 4-way valve switching

To run heat pump, the 4-way valve must turn ON. Upon return to a non-heat pump mode, the 4-way
must turn OFF. The 4-way valve can only be changed 55+/- 5 seconds after the compressor has been
cut out. Then the compressor may be cut in 4 seconds later.

3.6 Auto Mode

Under AUTO mode, the mode can be selected automatically between Heat and Cool mode,
depending on the room temperature and Set Temperature. There is no cold start in Auto mode.

If the present Auto mode is Cool, its mode Set Temperature is the same as the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Heat mode if:-

i) Tr <= Ts mode - 3.5°C AND


ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

24
If the present Auto mode is heat, its mode set temperature is 1.5°C below the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Cool mode if:-

i) Tr > Ts mode + 3.0°C AND


ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

Cool and Heat options working under Auto mode are the same as those working under non-Auto
mode.

3.7 Defrost Mode

A defrost timer will start counting when the outdoor heat exchange thermistor is below +3°C.
Upon crossing over +5°C to a higher temperature for more than 150 seconds, the timer will be reset.
The temperature sensing could only be done when the compressor run time is more than 2 minutes.

The likelihood of ice frosting at the outdoor coil is characterized by 3 gradients of outdoor temperature
shown in the chart below:

To
°C

+3
+2 C

30' 2 hrs
0
0 1 hr
time
-2
B
-4

-6 A

-8 defrost mode if more


than 3 minutes

Defrost mode will be activated if the compressor run time is:

i) 30 mins to 1 hour below 3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-8°C for more than
3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

ii) 1 hour to 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-4°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

25
iii) more than 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-2°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.
If unit in outdoor fan forced off mode, the defrost will not be allowed to be declared.

3.7.1 Defrost cycle

In the defrost cycle, the HEAT LED will blink only in SLM3.

When defrost starts, the indoor fan, auxiliary heater, outdoor fan & 4-way valve will cut off while the
compressor remains running.

The defrost will terminate if:-

a) Temperature of outdoor exchange coil exceeds +10°C or


b) A minimum of 10 minutes compressor run time is achieved.

At the end of the defrost cycle, the compressor cuts out. The 4-way valve switches on 15 +/- 5
seconds later. The compressor can cut in 20 seconds after the 4-way valve has cut in.

3.8 Off mode

When the unit is off, no indication will be provided. All relays will be turned off immediately after the
ON/OFF triggering except the 4-way valve which is subjected to the 55 +/- 5 seconds protection
where applicable.

4 Protections
4.1 Thermostat Minimum OFF Time.

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut in after a minimum period of 3 minutes from the
time it cuts off except during valve changeover sequences.

4.2 Compressor Random Restart

Should the main power cuts out and power resume, there are 2 options whereby will depend on if
memory backup option is selected:-

a) If memory backup option is not selected. Compressor can cut in immediately after power up again;
subject to thermostat cut in mode.

b) If memory backup option is selected. Compressor can cut in 0 – 64 seconds after power up again;
subject to. Thermostat cut in mode.

4.3 Thermostat Minimum Run Time

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut out after minimum 150 seconds of running in the
current mode. The compressor can be cut out at any time if the system is switched to other modes or
in any other protection sequences.

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4.4 Compressor Overload Protection

There are two methods to detect the compressor overload; namely by the coil sensors and the
hardware overload (normally close) switch.

4.5 Coil Sensors Detection

This protection is only available in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

In cooling cycle, when the Outdoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, both the compressor and outdoor
fan will stop operating. In heating cycle, when the Indoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, the
compressor, outdoor fan and 4WV will stop operating accordingly.

The indoor fan will continue operating as per hot keep.

The unit will auto reset if the temperature goes below 50°C. This is allowed once every power on
reset. If the unit is required to auto reset every time the overload occurs, please refer to the RGL
hardware selection.

If the temperature goes below the permissible limit, the overload protection can be reset manually by
triggering the ON/OFF.

4.6 Hardware Switch Detection

This is a normally close switch. It is connected in series with the power supply to the controller. Once
there is overload, the switch will open and power supply to controller will be cut off.

During the first cycle of thermostat on since power on reset, a counter is increased by one and a timer
starts to run. If the timer exceeds 3 minutes or the unit is turned off, the counter is reset to 0. During
the increment, if the counter is > 5, the unit will declare compressor overload protection. This fault is
manual resettable.

The counter is saved in the non-volatile memory. If memory backup option is not selected, the counter
is always set to 0 during power on reset. It is selectable thru RGL.

4.7 Outdoor fan speed control

Heating Cycle
The outdoor fan will cut off when the indoor coil temperature exceeds 55°C / 53ºC (Depends on
outdoor/indoor fan speed control option). The outdoor fan may resume when indoor coil temperature
is lower than 50°C.
The indoor fan speed will be forced to 1 speed higher than the user set speed when the indoor coil
temperature exceeds 53°C / 51ºC; i.e. LOW fan will be forced to medium fan while medium fan will be
forced to HIGH fan and there is no change if the user set speed is HIGH. It will resume at the user set
speed when indoor coil temperature is lower than 48°C.

Cooling Cycle
The outdoor fan will run whenever the compressor is cut in.

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4.8 Indoor Anti freeze

This protection is only available in cooling cycle. The system will be in the Frost Prevention Mode if
the Indoor Coil Temp. reaches 1°C / 3ºC (depends on antifreeze option) and below for at least 1
minute AND compressor has been running for at least 10 minutes.

Upon confirmation, the compressor and the outdoor fan must be stopped. The compressor and the
outdoor fan can only be restarted when the Indoor Coil temperature reaches 10°C and above for at
least 1 minute.

4.9 Self Diagnostics

Event PWR LED Timer LED Other LEDs Error Code


Room sensor open or
1 short Blink 1 time - Blink Fan Blink E1
Indoor coil sensor
2 open Blink 2 time - Blink Dry & Fan Blink E2
Outdoor coil sensor
3 open Blink 3 time - Blink Dry Blink E3
Compressor overload/
Indoor coil sensor
short/ outdoor coil
4 sensor short Blink 1 time Blink Cool Blink E4
5 Gas leak Blink 3 times Blink Cool & Dry Blink E5
6 Water pump fault Blink 2 times Blink Cool & Fan Blink E6
No indication in display panel.
7 Outdoor defrost - (Blink HEAT in SLM3.) -

EC AP
Blink COOL Blink COOL &
& SLEEP & HEAT &
Outdoor coil sensor HEAT/SLEE HEAT/SLEEP
8 exist (MS model) Blink 5 times P Blink E7
Hardware error (tact
9 switch pin short) Blink 6 times Blink Heat, Cool, follow by Fan, Dry Blink E8

Remark: The unit will not detect sensor missing when the compressor is ON

4.10 Gas Leak (Outdoor unit abnormal)

This option is selected via resistor RGL.

The gas leak is declared if indoor coil temperature is > 25°C in cooling cycle or < 20°C in heating
cycle.
The system will check the gas leak mode if compressor run time of 30 minutes is achieved. If above
condition is met, the system will reconfirm the indoor coil temperature for another 5 minutes before
declaring the gas leak mode.
No gas leak checking during outdoor defrost. The compressor run timer will be reset.

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5 OnTAC Activation
This feature is to force the compressor on for approximately 10 minutes irrespective of room
temperature and compressor minimum off time protection. Besides the compressor minimum off time,
other protections are still available. This feature is allowed to be activated once every power on reset
and is activated by pressing the emergency on/off button for more than 5 seconds.

To activate OnTac in cooling cycle, ensure the unit to off mode first. Then press the button for more
than 5 seconds.

To activate the OnTac in heating cycle, set the unit to cool mode first before pressing the button for
more than 5 seconds.

6 Hardware Selections
There are 2 resistors (Rxxx) used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.1 RFAN
There are two 3-way JUMPER HEADER used in the board to configure board’s HOT KEEP
specifications:-

6.1.1 MODEL
PIN 12 (7.5k) - Multisplit (always using YA spec)
PIN 23 (SHORT) - SD spec. (interval)
OPEN - ALWAYS ON

6.1.2 HT_KP:
PIN 12 (22k) - C2 spec (Fan on, off below 18ºC).
PIN 23 (7.5k) - YA spec (Fan off).
OPEN - Selection at MODEL

6.2 RGL
This is used to enable or disable the Gas Leak and Compressor overload options:-
110k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
22k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload auto reset, hardware overload
detection on
7k5 - No gas leak, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
3k - No gas leak, Compressor overload auto reset,
hardware overload detection on

There are 3 diodes used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.3 Offset temperature. (DOT)


This diode used to select set temperature offset option in heat mode.
Exist - No offset
Open - 2ºC is added to set temperature in heat mode.

29
6.4 Multi split (DMS)
This diode SHOULD NOT be opened and no longer to be used for multi split selection!
Multi split can ONLY be selected by using the 3-way jumper (refer to 6.1)

6.5 Antifreeze 1ºC / 3ºC option (D1/3C)


This diode is used to select 1ºC / 3 º C thresholds for cool mode antifreeze protection.
Exist - 1ºC
Open - 3ºC

6.6 Outdoor/Indoor fan speed control option (D55/53C)


This diode is used to select 55ºC/53ºC threshold for heating mode outdoor fan and indoor fan speed
control.
Exist - 55ºC outdoor fan off. 53ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.
Open - 53ºC outdoor fan off. 51ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.

7 Multi Split Model


Most of the control algorithms for multi split model is similar to single split unless stated below:

7.1 There is no outdoor coil sensor for multi split model. If outdoor coil sensor is inserted, unit will
show error.

7.2 Since the outdoor sensor is not available, the overload protection only limited to heating cycle by
checking the indoor coil sensor.

7.3 No outdoor defrost cycle (Taken care by outdoor controller).

7.4 There is no gas leak detection.

7.5 Multi split Hot Start


i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at user set fan speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 25°C, the indoor fan speed will stop.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will be
changed to low.

7.6 Multi split Hot Keep


Only one hot keep selection which is fan off option:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

30
8 Schematic Diagram
Figure:

31
Single Split – Single Compressor (SB125)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• AUTO/ COOL/ FAN/ HEAT/ DEFROST system control.


• Single speed indoor fan control.
• Single speed outdoor fan control.
• Real time clock
• Real time ON/OFF timer.
• SLEEP function for COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• Cold start, Hot start and Hot keep.
• Memory backup (non-volatile) for last state settings option.
• LEDs display for POWER, COOL, FAN, HEAT, SLEEP, TIMER only
• On line testing activation (OnTAC)
• Wired control
• Heat Mode Offset 2°C option

1.2 Protections

• Self diagnostics.
• Indoor antifreeze for cooling cycle.
• Compressor recycle protection (Anti short cycle timer).
• Compressor random restart during 1st thermostat cut in cycle.
• Gas leak detection option.
• Compressor overload manual/auto reset option.
• Compressor HARDWARE overload protection option.

2 Functions
2.1 Models

Models Modes
AP Auto > Cool > Fan > Heat >
EC Cool > Fan >

2.2 Power Up Settings

During power up, the system can be configured to memorize the settings prior to power down. This is
done by shorting the 2 way straight header J_LST. The settings that are memorized are:-

a) Mode & On/Off status


b) Set Temperature
c) Fan Speed
d) Key Lock (for wired control)

These data or settings are saving in non-volatile memory.


The system will save the updated settings into the memory 10 seconds after changes are confirmed.
However, it will take 3 seconds to update the memory if the unit changes from on to off state.

32
If the J_LST is not shorted or memory corrupted, the default settings are
a) Unit : OFF,
b) Mode : COOL,
c) Set Temp. : 24°C,
d) Indoor fan speed: HIGH
e) SWING OFF

2.3 Unit ON/OFF

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via ON/OFF triggering
ii) via real-time ON/OFF timer

2.3.1 ON/OFF triggering

ON/OFF triggering can be achieved by pressing the emergency ON/OFF button or the LCD remote
controller ON/OFF button.

When the emergency ON/OFF button is pressed, the system mode setting will rotate in the following
sequence:-

MODEL SEQUENCE

AP ---------- > COOL > HEAT > OFF > ------------


EC --------------->COOL > OFF >-------------------

The corresponding LEDs will also follow suit.


Pressing the wired controller ON/OFF button will toggle the system status either from ON to OFF or
from OFF to ON.

2.3.2 Real Time ON/OFF timer

When the real time ON timer set time matches the internal real time clock, the unit will be switched on.
Similarly, when the OFF time matches the real time clock, the unit is switched off. The timer settings
are retained so that similar switching can occur 24 hours later.

These timers will be deactivated if the emergency ON/OFF switch is pressed.

2.4 Temperature Range and Settings

The operating temperature range is 16 °C to 30 °C (60°F to 86°F), both inclusive. Temperature setting
is allowed in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

2.5 Sleep Function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time. The COOL and HEAT mode
SLEEP profile is as follows:

33
Mode Algorithm
Cool

Heat

The SLEEP function is only available for COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes. Changing to other modes
will inhibit the SLEEP function and the timer will be reset.

Pressing the emergency ON/OFF will deactivate and clear the sleep function.

This function is set/reset by the wired controller.

2.6 Indoor Fan Control

Only one fan speed is available for indoor fan.

2.7 Heat Mode Offset 2°C Option

If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C. This option is not applicable in
AUTO HEAT mode.
3 Operating Modes

The system mode is set by the wired control. Mode changes respond 2 seconds after data reception.

34
3 Operating Mode
3.1 Cold Start

When the unit restarts 2 hours after it has stopped or during power-on-reset start, it is considered a
cold start. This feature is not available in sleep mode.

3.2 Cool Mode

In Cool mode, the compressor will be cut in if the Tr - Ts > 0.5°C and the compressor will be cut out if
the Tr < Ts - 1.0°C, subject to timing protections.

3.3 Fan Mode

Only one speed is allowed in the fan mode. The compressor and the outdoor fan will stop. Similarly,
the 4-way valve will turn off.

3.4 Heat Mode

The model of heat mode is namely auto heatpump (AP).

3.4.1 Heat Pump Model

The compressor will be cut in if the Tr < Ts+1 and it will be cut out if Tr - Ts > 3.5°C, subject to timing
protections.
If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C.

3.4.1.1 Hot Start

During the cut in cycle, the indoor fan speed will modulate according to the indoor coil temperature:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan speed will stop.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will run.

3.4.1.2 Hot Keep

When the compressor cuts out, the unit is in hot keep mode. There are 4 options of Hot Keep:
Fan Always on option
For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses below 37°C, the indoor fan will run.

Fan on option

The start of heat mode, is defined as when:


a) the unit is just turned on from off with setting in Heat mode OR
b) the mode changes from non-heat to Heat mode OR
c) just after the end of a defrost cycle,
The hot keep cycle at the start of heat mode will be as follow :

35
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run.
i) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if indoor coil temperature < 33°C, the indoor fan will stop.

For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan off option

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 33°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan low cycle on & off option

The fan will cut in for 30 seconds and subsequently off for 120 seconds. These cycle of on and off will
repeat.

3.4.1.3 4-way valve switching

To run heat pump, the 4-way valve must turn ON. Upon return to a non-heat pump mode, the 4-way
must turn OFF. The 4-way valve can only be changed 55+/- 5 seconds after the compressor has been
cut out. Then the compressor may be cut in 4 seconds later.

3.4.1.4 Auxiliary Heater

This option is available for heatpump model only. It operates during heatpump thermostat cut in cycle
and is subjected to the following conditions:-

a) It can only cut in after the indoor fan has cut in for at least 30 seconds.
b) It must cut out for at least 30 seconds before the indoor fan can cut off.
c) It must cut out if room temperature > 25°C. It is allowed to cut in if room temperature < 22.5°C.
d) It must cut out if indoor coil temperature > 55°C. It is allowed to cut in if indoor coil temperature
< 48°C.
e) During cold start, it is allowed to cut in if outdoor coil temperature < 5°C.
f) It will cut in if room temperature is 3.5°C below set temperature and it will cut out if room
temperature is 1.0°C below set temperature.
g) It is allowed to cut in during heatpump thermostat cut in cycle.
For case (b), the auxiliary heater & indoor fan will cut out immediately during off mode & outdoor
defrost cycle.

3.5 Auto Mode

Under AUTO mode, the mode can be selected automatically between Heat and Cool mode,
depending on the room temperature and Set Temperature. There is no cold start in Auto mode.

If the present Auto mode is Cool, its mode Set Temperature is the same as the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Heat mode if:-

i) Tr <= Ts mode - 3.5°C AND


ii) The compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

36
If the present Auto mode is heat, its mode set temperature is 1.5°C below the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Cool mode if:-

i) Tr > Ts mode + 3.0°C AND


ii) The compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

Cool and Heat options working under Auto mode are the same as those working under non-Auto
mode.

3.6 Defrost Mode

A defrost timer will start counting when the outdoor heat exchange thermistor is below +3°C.
Upon crossing over +5°C to a higher temperature for more than 150 seconds, the timer will be reset.
The temperature sensing could only be done when the compressor run time is more than 2 minutes.

The likelihood of ice frosting at the outdoor coil is characterized by 3 gradients of outdoor temperature
shown in the chart below:

To
°C

+3
+2 C

30' 2 hrs
0
0 1 hr
time
-2
B
-4

-6 A

-8 defrost mode if more


than 3 minutes

Defrost mode will be activated if the compressor run time is:

i) 30 mins to 1 hour below 3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-8°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

ii) 1 hour to 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-4°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

37
iii) more than 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-2°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

If unit in outdoor fan forced off mode, the defrost will not be allowed to be declared.

3.6.1 Defrost cycle

In the defrost cycle, the HEAT LED will blink only in SLM3.
The defrost cycles is:-
When defrost starts, the indoor fan, auxiliary heater, outdoor fan & 4-way valve will cut off while the
compressor remains running.

The defrost will terminate if:-

a) Temperature of outdoor exchange coil exceeds +10°C or


b) A minimum of 10 minutes compressor run time is achieved.

At the end of the defrost cycle, the compressor cuts out. The 4-way valve switches on 15 +/- 5
seconds later. The compressor can cut in 20 seconds after the 4-way valve has cut in.

3.7 Off mode

When the unit is off, no indication will be provided. All relays will be turned off immediately after the
ON/OFF triggering except the 4-way valve which is subjected to the 55 +/- 5 seconds protection
where applicable.

4 Protections
4.1 Thermostat Minimum OFF Time.

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut in after a minimum period of 3 minutes from the
time it cuts off except during valve changeover sequences.

4.2 Compressor Random Restart

Should the main power cuts out and power resume, there are 2 option whereby will depend on if
memory backup option is selected:-

a) If memory backup option is not selected. Compressor can cut in immediately after power up again;
subject to thermostat cut in mode.

b) If memory backup option is selected. Compressor can cut in 0 – 64 seconds after power up again;
subject to. thermostat cut in mode.

4.3 Thermostat Minimum Run Time

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut out after minimum 150 seconds of running in the
current mode. The compressor can be cut out at any time if the system is switched to other modes or
in any other protection sequences.

38
4.4 Compressor Overload Protection

There are two methods to detect the compressor overload; namely by the coil sensors and the
hardware overload (normally close) switch.

4.5 Coil Sensors Detection

This protection is only available in COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes.

In cooling cycle, when the Outdoor Coil temperature exceeds 75°C, both the compressor and outdoor
fan will stop operating. In heating cycle, when the Indoor Coil temperature exceeds 75°C, the
compressor, outdoor fan and 4WV will stop operating accordingly.

The indoor fan will continue operating as per hot keep.


The unit will auto reset if the temperature goes below 50°C. This is allowed once every power on
reset.
If the temperature goes below the permissible limit, the overload protection can be reset manually by
triggering the ON/OFF.

4.6 Hardware Switch Detection

This is a normally close switch. It is connected in series with the power supply to the controller. Once
there is overload, the switch will open and power supply to controller will be cut off.

During the first cycle of thermostat on since power on reset, a counter is increased by one and a timer
starts to run. If the timer exceeds 3 minutes or the unit is turned off, the counter is reset to 0. During
the increment, if the counter is > 5, the unit will declare compressor overload protection. This fault is
manual resettable.
The counter is saved in the non-volatile memory. If memory backup option is not selected, the counter
is always set to 0 during power on reset.

4.7 Outdoor fan speed control

Heating Cycle
The outdoor fan will cut off when the indoor coil temperature exceeds 55°C/ 53ºC (Depends on
outdoor/indoor fan speed control option). The outdoor fan may resume when indoor coil temperature
is lower than 50°C.

The indoor fan speed will be forced to 1 speed higher than the user set speed when the indoor coil
temperature exceeds 53°C/ 51ºC; i.e. LOW fan will be forced to MEDIUM fan while MEDIUM fan will
be forced to HIGH fan and there is no change if the user set speed is HIGH. It will resume at the user
set speed when indoor coil temperature is lower than 48°C.

Cooling Cycle
The outdoor fan will run whenever the compressor is cut in.

4.8 Indoor Anti freeze

This protection is only available in cooling cycle. The system will be in the Frost Prevention Mode if
the Indoor Coil Temp. reaches 1°C / 3ºC (depends on antifreeze option) and below for at least 1
minute AND compressor has been running for at least 10 minutes.

39
Upon confirmation, the compressor and the outdoor fan must be stopped. The compressor and the
outdoor fan can only be restarted when the Indoor Coil temperature reaches 10°C and above for at
least 1 minute.

4.9 Self Diagnostics

Event Error Code


1 Room sensor open or short Blink E1
2 Indoor coil sensor open Blink E2
3 Outdoor coil sensor open Blink E3
4 Compressor overload/ Indoor coil sensor short/ outdoor coil sensor short Blink E4
5 Gas leak Blink E5

5 OnTAC Activation
This feature is to force the compressor on for approximately 10 minutes irrespective of room
temperature and compressor minimum off time protection. Besides the compressor minimum off time,
other protections are still available. This feature is allowed to be activated once every power on reset
and is activated by pressing the TIMER button at SLM3 for more than 5 seconds.

To activate OnTac in cooling cycle, then press the TIMER button for more than 5 seconds.

To activate the OnTac in heating cycle, set the unit to cool mode first before pressing the TIMER
button for more than 5 seconds. For Heatpump model, Auxiliary Heater will ON immediately if indoor
fan is running (subject to indoor coil temperature). It is allowed to cut in if indoor coil temperature <
48°C.

6 Hardware Selections
There is a resistor (Rxxx) used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.1 RFAN
There are two 3-way JUMPER HEADER used in the board to configure board’s HOT KEEP
specifications:-

6.1.1 MODEL
PIN 12 (7.5k) - Multisplit (always using YA spec)
PIN 23 (SHORT) - SD spec. (interval)
OPEN - ALWAYS ON

6.1.2 HT_KP:
PIN 12 (22k) - C2 spec (Fan on, off below 18ºC).
PIN 23 (7.5k) - YA spec (Fan off).
OPEN - Selection at MODEL

There are 3 diodes used in the board to configure various board operations:-

40
6.2 Offset temperature. (DOT)
This diode used to select set temperature offset option in heat mode.
Exist - No offset
Open - 2ºC is added to set temperature in heat mode.

6.3 Antifreeze 1ºC / 3ºC option (D1/3C)


This diode is used to select 1ºC / 3ºC threshold for cool mode antifreeze protection.
Exist - 1ºC
Open - 3ºC

6.4 Outdoor/Indoor fan speed control option (D55/53C)


This diode is used to select 55ºC/53ºC threshold for heating mode outdoor fan and indoor fan speed
control.
Exist - 55ºC outdoor fan off. 53ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.
Open - 53ºC outdoor fan off. 51ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.

7 Schematic Diagram

41
Single Split – Multi Compressor (SQ2.0)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Sequential control and balance loading


• Selectable stage differential temperature
• 2 Auxilliary heater with enable/disable selection
• Single speed indoor fan
• Cool/Heat/Auto/Fan system control
• Hot start and Hot keep
• Wired LCD control panel
• Self diagnostic features, error/warning indications
• Energy saving function for Cool, Heat and Auto modes
• Compressor high pressure protection
• Compressor trip/low refrigerant warning
• Compressor high temperature protection
• Outdoor alternative defrost cycle in Heat mode
• Indoor antifreeze protection in Cool mode
• Memory backup, auto random restart option

2 Functions
2.1 Number of Heater

SW1 and SW2 are used to set number of Heater. For Heatpump model, they are auxiliary heaters.
For heater model, they are heaters that will turn on in heat mode.

Configuration SW1 SW2


a) No Heater (0 heater) Off Off
b) 1 heater On Off
c) 2 heater On/off On
Factory preset: SW1 =off, SW2 = off (no heater)

2.2 Auto Mode

Auto Mode can be enabled / disabled using SW5 (only applicable for Heatpump and Heater model).

Configuration SW5
Auto mode off Off
Auto mode on On
Factory preset: SW5=off (Auto mode off)

2.3 Stage Differential Temperature

Stage Differential Temperature is the temperature difference from 1 stage compressor to another
stage compressor. See Figure 4.2 and 4.4 for more details. The stage differential temperature can be
selected from the range shown below:

42
Configuration SW3 SW4
a) Default Off Off
b) 0.5°C On Off
c) 1.0°C Off On
d) 1.5°C On On
Factory preset: SW3=off, SW4=off (Default)

*1.5ºC only valid for 2 and 3 compressor model. For 4 compressors model, maximum allowed is
1.0ºC.

The default differential temperature is base on number of compressor model, the setting is as below:
Model Differential Temperature
2 compressors 1.5°C
3 compressors 1.0°C
4 compressors 0.5°C

2.4 Hot Keep Option

Configuration SW6
i) Fan off Off
ii) Fan on On (follow hot keep condition)
Factory preset: SW6=off (fan off)

2.5 Defrost Options

2.5.1 Defrost Cycle Option

Selects whether compressor will turn off or remain on when 4WV changes at beginning of defrost
cycle.
Configuration SW8
Compressor off Off
Compressor on On (C2.4 spec)
Factory preset: SW8=off (compressor off)

2.6 EEPROM Backup Option

Configuration JLST Remarks


EEPROM Backup on Close (power on follow last state)
EEPROM Backup off Open (power on in off mode)
Factory preset: JLST closed (EEPROM Backup on)
*For SQ1.0, the jumper is JH1.

Summary of Models Available


SQCn Cooling Model
SQHnh Heatpump Model
SQHTnh Heater Model

n=number of compressor: 2, 3, 4
h=number of heater: 0, 1, 2

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Factory Preset:
Model SW1 SW2 SW3 SW4 SW5 SW6 SW7 SW8
SQCn OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
SQHnh ON ON OFF OFF ON ON OFF ON
SQHTnh ON ON OFF OFF ON ON OFF OFF

2.7 Power Up Settings

Power Up On/Off Setting

The system will power up on or off base on last state where the main supply was cut off for models
where backup memory is enabled (JLST short) and backup data valid.
i) With backup memory valid, power up settings will follow settings in the backup memory

Whereas the system will always power up in off mode when backup memory is disabled or backup
data corrupted (JLST open)
ii) Without backup memory (JLST open) or backup memory data corrupted, the power up settings will
follow last settings on the LCD panel in condition that the battery on the LCD panel is functioning. In
case where the backup battery on the LCD panel is weak, the power up setting will be 25ºC, Cool
mode.
*SQ1.0 used the JH1 jumper for power up settings.

2.8 Unit On/Off

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:

i) via On/Off triggering on the LCD panel


ii) via 7 days timer

2.8.1 On/Off Triggering

On/Off triggering can be achieved by pressing On/Off key on the wired controller. Pressing the On/Off
will toggle the system status either from On to Off or from Off to On.

2.8.2 7 Days Programmable Timer

There are two 7 days programmable timers namely On Timer and Off Timer. This timer can be
overridden by the On/Off pressing.

2.8.3 Off mode

When the unit is off, the on/off LED on the LCD panel will be off. All relays will be turned off
immediately after the ON/OFF triggering except the 4-way valves, and indoor fan which are subjected
to protection where applicable.

2.9 Energy Saving Function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time.

44
The Cool and Heat mode Energy Saving profile is as follow:
Mode Algorithm
Cool
Troom°C
Troom
Ts+2

Ts+1

Ts t (hr)
1 2
Energy Saving on Energy Saving off

Heat Energy Saving on Energy Saving off


1 2
Troom°C Ts t (hr)

Ts-1

Ts-2

The option is only available for Cool, Heat and Auto modes. Changing to other modes will inhibit the
Energy Saving option and the timer will be reset. A changeover within Cool (or Auto Cool) and Heat
(or Auto Heat) mode will reset the timer.

2.10 Indoor Fan Speed

There is one indoor fan with single fan speed.

3 Operating Modes
3.1 Operating Modes

The system has 4 operating modes to select with respect to each model selection:
Model Auto Cool Heat Fan Switch Mode
SQCn - X - X
SQHnh - X X X (SW5=off)
SQHnh X X X X (SW5=on)
SQHTnh - X X X (SW5=off)
SQHTnh X X X X (SW5=on)
Where X denotes modes available

3.2 Cold Start

When the unit restarts 2 hours after it has stopped or during power-on-reset start, it is considered a
cold start.

45
3.3 Cool Mode

3.3.1 Sequential Control

The starting sequence for indoor fan, outdoor fan and compressors is shown.

2 sec
Start indoor fan

15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 1 compressor 1*
15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 2 compressor 2*

15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 3 compressor 3*

15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 4 compressor 4*

*If available & applicable

The compressors will be turned on one by one depending on the on/off conditions as shown above.
There is a 15s interval (stage timer) between 2 compressor’s turn on sequence. When a compressor
is turned on its running time is recorded on its run time counter. When it is off the counter is stop.

3.3.2 Balance Loading

When a compressor needs to be on, the controller will turn on the compressor with the shortest
accumulated run time provided its 3 minutes minimum off time has lapsed. Otherwise the system will
apply the same principle to the subsequent compressor. Similarly, the compressor with the longest
accumulated run time will be the first one to be cut off. This is to load all the compressors evenly over
long run period.

46
Stage Differential Temperature Compressor ON/OFF Conditions
i) 0.5°C differential temperature

ii) 1.0°C differential temperature

iii) 1.5°C differential temperature


(Up to 3 compressor model only)

3.4 FAN MODE

The indoor fan is only running with single speed. The compressors and outdoor fans will stop. The 4-
way valve will turn off as well.

3.5 Heat Mode (Heatpump Model)

3.5.1 Sequential Control

The starting sequence for indoor fan, outdoor fan and compressors is shown as below:

47
2 sec + 2 sec
Start indoor fan all 4WV
15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 1 compressor 1*

15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 2 compressor 2*

15 sec 2 sec
outdoor fan 3 compressor 3*

15 sec 2 sec 15 sec 15 sec


outdoor fan 4 compressor 4* Heater1* Heater2*
+ Indoor fan may not turn on due to hot keep, then if condition permits, indoor fan will
turn on 2s after 4WV turns on, or 2s after any compressor turns on.
*If available & applicable

The compressors (heatpumps) will be turned on one by one depending on the on/off conditions shown
in below. There is a 15 seconds interval between 2 compressor’s turn on sequence. When a
compressor is turned on its running time is recorded on its run time counter. When it is off the counter
is stop.

Balance Loading
When a compressor needs to be on, the controller will turn on the compressor with the shortest
accumulated run time provided its 3 minutes minimum off time has lapsed. Otherwise the system will
apply the same principle to the subsequent compressor. Similarly, the compressor with the longest
accumulated run time will be the first one to be cut off. This is to load all the compressors evenly over
long run period.

48
Stage Differential Temperature Compressor ON/OFF Conditions
i) 0.5°C differential temperature

ii) 1.0°C differential temperature

iii) 1.5°C differential temperature


(Up to 3 compressor model only)

3.5.2 Hot Start

When at least 1 compressor cuts in, the indoor fan will run according to indoor coil temperature:

i) if any of the indoor coil temperature >= 30°C, the indoor fan will run.
ii) if all the indoor coil temperature <= 15°C, the indoor fan speed will stop.

However, when the auxiliary heater is running, indoor fan always run.

3.5.3 Hot Keep

When all the compressors cut out or compressors not running, the indoor fan will run according to
indoor coil temperature:

i) if any of the indoor coil temperature >= 40°C, the indoor fan will run.

49
ii) if all the indoor coil temperature <= 15°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Hot keep can be enable or disable via SW6. When fan off is selected, indoor fan will stop when all
compressors cut off.

3.5.4 Auxiliary Electric Heater

Electric heater can be enabled or disabled by user on the LCD panel using heater button. For model
with 1 electric heater, when heater button is pressed the display on LCD will be:

“HEATER 1” -> “ ” -> “HEATER 1” ->...

For model with 2 electric heater, the display would be:

“HEATER 1” ->”HEATER 1 2” -> “” ->”HEATER 1” ->...

The Electric Heater 1 will be turned on subjects to following conditions:

a) Heater 1 is enabled AND


b) Tr<=22.5°C AND
c) All indoor coil temperature is <=50°C AND
d) 40 seconds after the indoor fan has cut in AND
e) Tr<=temperature where last available comp turns on*-1.5ºC. (Depends on number of
compressors & differential temperature, see Table 4.1)
f) All the available compressor has been turned on (in case any compressors cannot be turned on
due to protection, then heater will be turned on after the last compressor that can be turned on)

The Electric Heater 2 will be turned on subjects to following conditions:


a) After 15s heater 1 on
b) Heater 1 2 is enabled AND
c) Tr<22.5°C AND
d) All indoor coil temperature is <=50°C AND
e) 40 seconds after the indoor fan has cut in AND
f) Tr<=temperature where last available comp turns on*-2.5ºC. (See Table 4.1)
g) All the available compressor has been turned on (in case any compressors cannot be turned on
due to protection, then heater will be turned on after the last compressor that can be turned on.)

Heater 2 will cut out when:

a) Heater 2 is disabled OR
b) Tr>=temperature where last available comp turns on-1.5ºC OR
c) Tr>=25°C OR
d) any of the indoor coil temperature is >=55°C

Heater 1 will cut out when:

a) Heater 1 2 is disabled OR
b) Tr>=temperature where last available comp turns on OR
c) Tr>=25°C OR
d) any of the indoor coil temperature is >=55°C

Indoor fan will be forced on for 40 seconds before heater turns on and forced to remain on 40
seconds after all heaters off.
*Temperature where last available comp turns on:
Table below showing temperature where last available compressor turns on (room temperature, Tr)

50
relating to set temperature Ts (ºC)

HEAT Mode AUTO HEAT Mode


Stg. Diff 0.5 1 1.5 0.5 1 1.5
2 Comp Ts Ts-0.5 Ts-1.0 Ts-1.5 Ts-2.0 Ts-2.5
3 Comp Ts-0.5 Ts-1.5 Ts-2.5 Ts-2.0 Ts-3.0 Ts-4.0
4 Comp Ts-1.0 Ts-2.5 N/A Ts-2.5 Ts-4.0 N/A
Table 4.1

3.5.5 4-Way Valve Changing

To run heatpump, all the 4-way valves will be ON. Upon return to non-heat pump mode, all the 4-way
valves will be turned off. A 4-way valve can only be changed 55+/- 5 seconds after the compressor
has been cut out, then the compressor may be cut in 4 seconds later. When the 4-way valve has been
changed and the compressor has not been cut in, the 4-way valve may still be changed again
immediately.

3.6 Auto Mode

In Auto mode, operating mode will be selected automatically between Heat and Cool mode,
depending on the Room Temperature and Set Temperature.

If present Auto mode is Cool, this mode will only change to Heat mode if:

i) Tr<=Ts-2.5°C AND
ii) all the compressors have cut out for at least 15 minutes.

If the present Auto mode is heat, this mode will only change to Cool mode if

i) Tr>=Ts+2.5°C AND
ii) all the compressors (or heaters) have cut out for at least 15 minutes.

Cool and Heat options working under Auto mode are the same as those working under non-Auto
mode. Compressor on/off condition (Heatpump Model) is shown as below.

51
Stage Differential Compressor ON/OFF Conditions
Temperature
i) 0.5°C

ii) 1.0°C

iii) 1.5°C
(Up to 3 compressor
model only)

52
4 Protections
4.1 5 minutes Minimum Run Time for Compressor

For thermostat cycles, a compressor can only cut out after running for 5 minutes in the current mode.
The compressor can be cut out at any time if the system is switched to other modes.

4.2 3 Minutes Minimum Off Time for Compressor

For thermostat cycles, a compressor can only cut in after 3 minutes from the time it cuts off except
during 4-way valve changeover sequences where it can cut in 5 seconds after 4-way valve
changeover.

4.3 Compressor High Pressure Protection

If any of the compressors has high pressure trip, error code will be indicated on LCD. The compressor
is not allowed to cut in for 3 minutes (error code will be shown for 3 minutes). If the compressor has
high pressure trip for 3 times in 30 minutes, it cannot be restarted automatically (Can be reset by
triggering the on/off button).

4.4 Compressor High Temperature Protection

a) Cool and Auto Cool modes

When the Outdoor Coil temperature for a particular compressor exceeds 68°C, the compressor and
its outdoor fan will stop operating. Other compressors will perform thermostat cycle as usual. The
indoor fan will still continue to run even if all the compressors are cut off due to high temperature
protection.

b) Heat and Auto Heat mode

When the Indoor Coil temperature for a particular compressor exceeds 59ºC, the outdoor fan will stop.
When Indoor coil temperature exceeds 68°C, the compressor and its outdoor fan will stop. Other
compressors will perform thermostat cycle as usual. The indoor fan will still continue to run but
subjected to hot keep condition, if all the compressors are cut off due to high temperature protection.
When any compressor for a particular model cuts off due to high temperature, and there is at least
one compressor is running as usual, the compressor that cut off can be turned on when its
temperature falls below 55°C. Outdoor fan can be turned on when temperature falls below 50ºC.

If all the available compressors were cut off due to high temperature protection, the system can only
be reset manually by triggering the ON/OFF button. If the system is not reset, the compressors cannot
restart.

4.5 Compressor Trip / Low Refrigerant Warning

A compressor is said to be tripped or low refrigerant if the conditions below suspected:

Cool and Auto Cool modes


i) After minimum run time of 5 minutes AND
ii) T -T <=3ºC (i.e. indoor coil not cold enough)
r incoil

53
Heat and Auto Heat modes
i) After minimum run time of 5 minutes AND
ii) T -T <=3ºC (i.e. indoor coil not hot enough)
incoil r

Once the error confirmed, the compressor number on LCD panel will be blinking, error code will be
shown and LED blinks. However the compressor is not stopped. Once the error is cleared, the LCD
display resumes as normal.

4.6 Indoor Antifreeze Protection

This protection is only available in Cool modes. A compressor will enter antifreeze mode if its indoor
coil temperature reaches 1°C and below for at least 1 minute after the compressor has run for at least
10 minutes.

Upon confirmation, the compressor and the outdoor fan must be stopped. Other compressors will run
as usual. The compressor and its outdoor fan can only be restarted when,

i) after a minimum stop time of 3 minutes OR


ii) the indoor coil temperature reaches 12°C and above for at least 1 minute OR
iii) another mode of operation is selected

4.7 Outdoor Defrost

Defrost mode can only be entered from heat mode (not selectable by user). A defrost monitoring timer
will start counting when any of the outdoor coil temperature is below +3°C.

This timer will reset if any of the following occurs:


i) Upon crossing over +3°C to a higher temperature for more than 150 seconds
ii) Change mode
iii) Unit on/off by press on/off button of panel or unit restart
iv) Defrost terminated when defrost termination conditions are met

This temperature sensing could only be done when the compressor run time is more than 2 minutes
(except for defrost termination).

4.7.1 Conventional Defrost Condition

The likelihood of ice frosting at the outdoor coil is characterized by 3 gradients of outdoor
temperature shown in below:

54
To
°C

+3
+2 C

30' 2 hrs
0
0 1 hr time
-2
B
-4

-6 A

-8 defrost mode if m ore


than 5 minutes

Defrost condition will be met if the defrost monitoring timer is:

i) 30 mins to 1 hour from +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-8°C for more than
2 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then defrost mode can be started.

ii) 1 hour to 2 hours from +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-4°C for more than
2 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then defrost mode can be started.

iii) more than 2 hours from +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-2°C for more
than 2 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then defrost mode can be started.

4.7.2 Alternative Defrost cycle

Only ONE compressor can enter defrost mode at one time. If more that 2 compressors fulfill defrost
condition, the compressor with maximum accumulated run time will enter defrost cycle.

Pre Defrost Cycle


When one compressor is confirmed to run defrost cycle, one compressor will turn on for 2 minutes
before the specific compressor enters defrost cycle. If no compressor can be turned on in 2 minute,
defrost cycle will still running. If no other compressor run heat mode & one compressor running
defrost, indoor fan will turn off irrespective of hot keep & hot start conditions, except when heater is
on.

Defrost Cycle
After 2 minutes pre defrost cycle, depends on defrost option set by SW8, for compressor on option,
outdoor fan & 4-way valve will cut off and the compressor runs defrost cycle.
For compressor off option, the compressor and its outdoor fan will be cut out, and then 55 seconds
later its 4-way valve switches OFF. Then 4 seconds later the compressor will turn on with its outdoor
fan off.
The other compressors will perform thermostat cycle operation as usual with both indoor and outdoor

55
fans on.
The compressor that runs defrost cycle is consider running cool cycle, therefore one compressor will
be forced on in heat cycle (if available) to cancel the cooling effect. For example if current Tr-Ts
condition requires 1 compressor to run heat mode, then the situation is: 1 compressor runs defrost
cycle (cool), 2 compressors run heat cycle and so on.

Terminate Defrost Cycle


The compressor then runs with its outdoor fan off until temperature of its outdoor coil exceeds +10°C
or a minimum of 10 minutes compressor run time is achieved (if compressor that runs defrost trip, its
defrost cycle ends), after that the compressor will be stopped, and the defrost cycle is completed.
Then 55seconds later 4-way valve switches on and outdoor fan turn on where the Heat cycle can
continue to run (compressor can cut in after 20 seconds).

C2.4 option: At the end of the defrost cycle, the compressor cuts out. Then 4-way valve switches on
15 +/- 5 seconds later. The compressor can cut in 20 seconds time.

4.8 Thermistor Error

The poor contact conditions of the room, indoor coil & outdoor coil thermistors are indicated via the
wired control panel using error code on the LCD. For room, indoor coil and outdoor coil sensors, the
error is indicated if any of the sensors is open or close.

Sensor Error Conditions


i) Indoor Coil <-44°C for > 2 secs OR
>76°C for > 2 secs OR
open OR close
ii) Outdoor Coil <-44°C for > 2 secs OR
>76°C for > 2 secs OR
open OR close
iii) Room <-33°C OR
>50°C OR
open OR close

When either of the above faults is confirmed, the system will run as normal. The compressor and
outdoor fan related to the errorneous sensor cannot be turned on. If either of the above faults is
confirmed rectified, the respective error code is cleared.

4.9 Compressor Status Display

4.9.1 Display on LCD Panel

Compressor on/off/fault
Compressor on/off and error will be shown in the LCD display. When a compressor is on, “COMP N”
(N=compressor number) is shown in the LCD. When it is off, the text disappeared. When a
compressor is fault (high temperature trip/high pressure trip), the “N” will blink.

Defrost
When a compressor performs defrost cycle, the LCD will show “DEFROST N”. (N=compressor
number).

4.9.2 Error Code


Error code is displayed on the LCD panel. When system on and error code is shown, the on/off LED
on the LCD panel will blink. When system off, error code is still display for thermistor error but the

56
on/off LED will be off.
Error Code Description
E01 Require manual reset
E02 Compressor 1 high temperature (overload)
E03 Compressor 2 high temperature (overload)
E04 Compressor 3 high temperature (overload)
E05 Compressor 4 high temperature (overload)
E06 Compressor 1 high pressure trip (or contact open)
E07 Compressor 2 high pressure trip (or contact open)
E08 Compressor 3 high pressure trip (or contact open)
E09 Compressor 4 high pressure trip (or contact open)
E10 Compressor 1 trip (or low refrigerant)
E11 Compressor 2 trip (or low refrigerant)
E12 Compressor 3 trip (or low refrigerant)
E13 Compressor 4 trip (or low refrigerant)
E14 Room sensor short
E15 Room sensor open
E16 Indoor coil sensor 1 short
E17 Indoor coil sensor 2 short
E18 Indoor coil sensor 3 short
E19 Indoor coil sensor 4 short
E20 Indoor coil sensor 1 open
E21 Indoor coil sensor 2 open
E22 Indoor coil sensor 3 open
E23 Indoor coil sensor 4 open
E24 Outdoor coil sensor 1 short
E25 Outdoor coil sensor 2 short
E26 Outdoor coil sensor 3 short
E27 Outdoor coil sensor 4 short
E28 Outdoor coil sensor 1 open
E29 Outdoor coil sensor 2 open
E30 Outdoor coil sensor 3 open
E31 Outdoor coil sensor 4 open
E32 Compressor 1 deice
E33 Compressor 2 deice
E34 Compressor 3 deice
E35 Compressor 4 deice

57
5 Schematic Diagram

58
Fan Coil Unit (W2)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Heat/Cool/Dry*/Auto*/Fan system control


• Auto/High/Med/Low indoor fan speed control
• DC motor and AC motor swing control option
• LCD remote control or wired LCD or SLM control reception
• Fan Priority Setting
• Real time clock
• Real time On/Off timer
• Sleep function for Cool and Heat mode
• Preprogrammezed Anti Freeze Setpoint
• Room temperature sensing
• Load Shedding
• Cold start
• Memory backup for last state settings option
• Valve 9 minute force on for Cool mode only
• Valve and valveless control options
• Window Open Contact
• Water pump and water overflow protection control
• With networking capability via NIM
• Capable to control Minichiller operating modes
• Built in Diagnostic

* For 2-pipe system operation, there shall be no Auto mode. It only applicable in Model 3 (4 pipe with
boiler). Dry mode is selectable via wired LCD control panel or remote handset.

2 Model of selection
There are 4 models selectable: -

Model Configuration Operation Mode


1 2 pipe Cooling or heating (no Auto mode)
2 2 pipe + Aux. Heater Cooling or Heating with Aux. Htr (no Auto mode)
3 4 pipe + Boiler Cooling or Heating with boiler water (no Auto mode)
4 4 pipe with Boiler Cooling only or Boiler (with Auto mode)

Model 3 and 4 are only for system with valves.

3 Valve or valveless control selection


This option is to select valve or valveless control for the chilled water system.

Jumper VALVE
OFF (open) - Valveless control
ON (short) - Valve control

59
When valveless control is selected, there will be no fan mode.

4 Operating Modes
Resistor values are used to configure the system model. For each model selected, the permissible
operating modes are as follows:

Jumper Configuration Model Operation Mode


M1 2 pipe without Aux. Heater 1 Heat>Cool>Dry>Fan
M2 2 pipe with Aux. Heater 2 Heat>Cool>Dry>Fan
M3 4 pipe + Boiler 3 Heat>Cool>Dry>Fan
M4 4 pipe + Boiler 4 Heat>Cool>Dry>Auto>Fan

4.1 Power Up Settings

During power up, the system can be configured to memorize the settings prior to power down.
For system with Heat/Cool common set point, the memorized settings are: -

a) Mode & On/Off status


b) Set Temperatures
c) Fan Speed
d) DC swing (Louver)
e) AC swing
f) Flap stop coordinate ( for DC swing off mode)

If the swing mode is off, the flap will stop at the last stop position prior it is power down.
For without last state memory, the power up setting is OFF mode, temperature setting is 24°C, indoor
fan speed is high and swing mode is off.

4.1.1 Unit ON/OFF

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:

i) via On/Off triggering or


ii) via real time On/Off timer**

When unit is in Off mode i.e the On/Off LED is off, all valves will close, auxiliary heater/boiler and fan
will turn off. This mode could only be override by 25 seconds of post heater fan retention period
(minimum run time for fan when heater ON) and antifreeze mode.

* Only for system with LCD remote control reception.

4.1.2 ON/OFF triggering

Pressing the emergency ON/OFF button or the LCD remote controller ON/OFF button can achieve
ON/OFF triggering.

When the emergency ON/OFF button is pressed, the system mode setting will rotate in the following
sequence: -

60
SEQUENCE (with no bar heat)

---------- > COOL > HEAT > OFF > ------------

SEQUENCE (with bar heat)

---------- > COOL > OFF > ------------

The corresponding LEDs will also follow suit.


Pressing the remote control ON/OFF will toggle the system status either from ON to OFF or from OFF
to ON.

4.1.3 Real Time ON/OFF timer

When the real time ON timer set time matches the internal real time clock, the unit will be switched on.
Similarly, when the OFF time matches the real time clock, the unit is switched off .The timer settings
are retained so that similar switching can occur 24 hours later.
This timer will be reset if the emergency ON/OFF switch is pressed.

4.2 Sleep function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time. The COOL and HEAT mode
SLEEP profile is as follows:

Mode Algorithm
Cool

Heat

The SLEEP option is only available for system at COOL and HEAT modes. Changing to other modes
will inhibit the SLEEP option and the timer will be reset.
Pressing the emergency ON/OFF will reset the sleep timer.

61
This option is set/reset by on the LCD remote controller.

4.3 Air louver and air swing

If unit change from off mode to on mode, the flap will stop at the last position when it go from on to off
mode.

4.4 Fan Priority Setting

This option is applied to Cool, Heat and Auto mode (apply only during thermostat off cycle).
Two options to set the fan speed during thermostat off cycle via jumper FAN_PRIO:

Jumper FAN_PRIO
OFF (open) - Fan stop when thermostat cuts off
ON (short) - User set speed or low fan if auto fan mode is selected

If Fan mode is selected, this setting is ignored, i.e. the fan continues to on.
Thermostat off cycle refers to state when valve is closed. This feature is not valid during OFF mode
and Load-shed in which fan is always off. For valve-less models, this setting is invalid.

4.5 Bar Heat Mode Setting

This option is to bar the user form using Heat mode for this chilled water. This option can be set via
jumper HEAT:

OFF (open) - Bar Heat mode


ON (short) - Heat mode allow to use

When bar heat is set, there will be no Auto mode (for M3 model)

4.6 ON/OFF and Heat/Cool output dry contact

When the system is in ON mode, ON/OFF contact will be shorted. Else, it will remain OPEN. When
the system is in HEAT mode, Heat/Cool contact will be shorted. If the system is in COOL mode, the
contact will be OPEN.

4.7 Post Heater Fan Retention

If the heater is used, the fan may not cut off until 25 seconds after the heater has cut off.

4.8 Preprogrammed Anti Freeze Set point

In order to protect room from freezing, the set point could be fixed at 10°C. Disregard whether the unit
is in OFF mode, when the room temperature drops to below 7.25°C, thermostat** will cut in and fan

speed is forced to Low. When room temperature rises back to 10°C and above, thermostat will cut out
and fan speed will follow jumper FAN_PRIO setting. The Anti-Freeze operation will be activated only if
the dry contact is closed for more than 5 seconds. If the dry contact is opened for more than 5
seconds, antifreeze operation is deactivated. Anti Freeze has the highest priority among all unit
operations.

62
N o rm a l
O p e ra tio n

T r< 7 .2 5 ºC ?
No

Yes
Y es
F o rc e O n 2 m in u te
In d o o r fa n  fo rc e L o w fa n
(O n b o o s te r if a v a ila b le )

S to p 9 No Yes O n v a lv e ,
T c > 2 5 ºC ? T r> 1 0 ºC ?
m in u te s L o w fa n

No

A n tifre e ze cycle

4.9 Preprogrammed Unoccupied Set points

The fan coil unit can be set to run at fixed set point under either Cool or Heat mode. If the fan coil unit
is running in Cool mode, the fixed set point is 30°C. If the fan coil unit is running in Heat mode, the
fixed set point is 14°C.

This option is activated via a dry contact. If the dry contact is closed for more than 5 seconds, the
Unoccupied mode is activated. If the dry contact is opened for more than 5 seconds, Occupied mode
is activated. When Timer On is active, system goes back to Occupied mode for 2 hours. Then system
will go back to Unoccupied mode. The dry contact connection points can be connected in series with
other fan coil unit ( FCU ) boards. If the dry contact is closed, Unoccupied mode will be activated on
all the fan coil units which are connected in parallel, i.e.: -

W2.0(1) W2.0(2) W2.0(n)


Unocp Unocp Unocp

Global
SW Unoccupy
switch

Global Unoccupied operation could also be activated via the network communication bus line by the
master controller with or without the above connection.

63
4.10 Load Shedding

During load shedding, the fan, the valve and the heater will be cut out. However, this mode can be
override by antifreeze mode.
This option can be activated via a dry contact. If the dry contact is closed for more than 5 seconds,
load shedding mode is activated. If the dry contact is opened for more than 5 seconds, load shedding
is deactivated.

After the load shedding is deactivated, the system will maintain the settings prior load shedding.
Each dry contact point, POINT 1, of all the FCU boards must be connected to the same wire,
designated as W1. Each dry contact point, POINT 2, of all the FCU boards, must be connected to the
same wire, designated as W2. Both W1 and W2 will then connected to a switch.
The dry contact connection points can be connected in parallel with other fan coil unit ( FCU ) boards.
If the dry contact is closed, load shedding mode will be activated on all the fan coil units which are
connected in series, i.e.: -

W2.0(1) W2.0(2) W2.0(n)


Shed Shed Shed

Global Load
SW Shedding
switch

Global Load Shedding operation could also be activated via the network communication bus line by
the master controller with or without the above connection.

4.11 Thermostat Panel Override

User can change the unoccupied mode to Occupied mode by changing the temperature set points
(via wired controller or handset). However, this override can only last for 2 hours after the last change
of the set points at the panel.

4.12 Temperature Set points range

For Heat/Cool common set point model, the operating temperature range is 16 °C to 30 °C, both
inclusive. Temperature setting is allowed in COOL, DRY, and HEAT modes.

4.13 Fan Speed

Three manual fan speed are available, i.e. high, medium and low fan speeds. In auto fan speed, the
fan speed will run depending on the sensed room or return air temperature and the set point. For
valve less configuration, there will be a super low fan speed control (5 minutes on & 5 minutes off).

64
4.14 Water pump

The water pump will on if the water valve is on during cooling cycle or when the float switch contact is
opened. The pump will remain on for at least 5’ after the water valve is off.

During mode change from cooling to non cooling mode, the pump will on for minimum 5’.

4.15 Water Level Switch (Float Switch)

This normally close switch is to detect faults in water pump system. It will confirm for 30” for switch
open and 60” for switch close.

Once switch is confirmed open, it will force the water valve to cut off. If this switch opens for about 5
minutes continuously, then an error indicator will be shown. If the switch is closed, the water valve is
allowed to cut in. This is only applying to cooling cycle only.

4.16 2 Pipe Water Temperature Sensing

Pipe water temperature sensing is ONLY valid for 2 pipe system with or without auxiliary heater.
Additional thermistor shall be used for boiler pipe water temperature sensing for 4 pipe system.

4.16.1 With water valve

During: -

a) Power on reset and unit is turned on


or b) Mode change
or c) Unit recover from faults

The water valve and indoor fan at set fan speed will be forced to cut in for at least 2 minutes
irrespective of thermostat cycle. If AUTO fan is selected, it will run low fan. At 2 minute intervals, the
system will repeat the checking. Auxiliary heater will not be used.

Room temp will be updated every 30 seconds.


Pipe water temperature (Tc) will be checked every 1 second.

65
4.16.1.1 Cool cycle

Y es F o rc e O n (V a lv e ) 2 m in u te
9 m in u te Y es 9 m in u te
U s e r s e t s p e e d in d o o r fa n .
e la p s e d ? e la p s e d ?
If A u to fa n  lo w fa n
No No
Yes Y es
(F o rc e v a lv e O F F 9 m in u te s ) (F o rc e v a lv e O F F 9 m in u te s )

2 m in u te No No 2 m in u te
c o n fir m ? (F o r c e v a lv e to O N ) (F o rc e v a lv e to O N ) c o n firm ?

T c > T r+ 3 º C T c > 3 0 ºC
( W a te r n o t s u ita b le ) (W a te r n o t s u ita b le )

1 4 ºC < T r < 4 7 ºC O th e r s
C heck Tc C heck Tr C heck Tc

T c < T r+ 2 º C T c < 2 9 ºC

E n te r in to c o o lin g
th e rm o s ta t c y c le

After 2 minutes force on, indoor fan will run as per user set speed unless others specified

4.16.1.2 Heat cycle

Yes F o rc e O n (V a lv e ) 2 m in u te Yes
9 m in u te 9 m in u te
U s e r s e t s p e e d in d o o r fa n .
e la p s e d ? e la p s e d ?
If A u to fa n  lo w fa n
No Yes No
Y es
(F o rc e v a lv e O F F 9 m in u te s )
(F o rc e v a lv e O F F 9 m in u te s )
(A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r c a n b e u s e d )
(A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r c a n b e u s e d )

2 m in u te No No 2 m in u te
c o n firm ? (F o rc e v a lv e to O N ) (F o rc e v a lv e to O N ) c o n firm ?

T c < T r-3 ºC T c < 2 5 ºC


(n o a u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r) (n o a u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r)
(W a te r n o t s u ita b le ) (W a te r n o t s u ita b le )

1 4 ºC < T r < 4 7ºC O th e rs


C heck Tc C heck Tr C heck Tc

T r-2 ºC < T c < T r+ 2 ºC 2 6 ºC < T c < 2 9 ºC


(A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r c a n b e u s e d ) (A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r c a n b e u s e d )

E n te r in to h e a tin g
th e rm o s ta t c y c le
T c > T r+ 3 ºC T c > 3 0 ºC
(n o A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r) (n o A u x ilia ry H e a te r/b o o s te r)

After 2 minute force on, indoor fan will run as per user set speed unless others specified

66
4.16.2 Without Water Valve

During :-

a) Power on reset and unit is turned on


or b) Mode change
or c) Unit recover from faults

The indoor fan is forced to run at low fan speed for at least 2 minutes irrespective of thermostat cycle.
Room temp will be updated every 30 seconds.
Pipe water temperature (Tc) will be checked every 1 second.

4.16.2.1 Cool cycle

Force On 2 minute
Indoor fan  force Low fan

Yes Yes
(fault declared, LED blinking) (fault declared, LED blinking)

2 minute No No 2 minute
confirm? confirm?

Tc > Tr+3ºC Tc > 30ºC


(Indoor fan  force super low fan) (Indoor fan  force super low fan)
(Water not suitable) (Water not suitable)

14ºC < Tr < 47ºC Others


Check Tc Check Tr Check Tc

Tr-2ºC < Tc <Tr+2ºC 26ºC < Tc < 29ºC


(Indoor fan  force low fan) (Indoor fan  force low fan)
Enter into cooling
thermostat cycle
Tc < Tr-3ºC Tc < 25ºC
(fault terminated, (fault terminated,
LED stop blinking) LED stop blinking)

67
4.16.2.2 Heat cycle

Indoor fan**
Heater ON → user set speed / Low fan if AUTO fan selected
Heater OFF → low fan

4.17 Window Dry Contact

If the window dry contact is closed for more than 30 seconds, Window Open mode is activated. Both
the valve, the heater will cut out. The indoor fan will follow jumper FAN_PRIO setting. For valveless
system, the fan speed will run depending on the sensed room or return air temperature and the set
point.

When the dry contact is opened for more than 5 seconds, Window close mode is considered.
After window is confirmed closed, the system will maintain the settings prior Window open mode.

The dry contact connection points can be connected in parallel with other fan coil unit (FCU) boards. If
the dry contact is opened, Window open mode will be activated on all the fan coil units which are
connected in series, i.e.: -

68
W2.0(1) W2.0(2) W2.0(n)
W_Open W_Open W_Open

Global
SW Window
Open switch

4.18 Cool Mode (thermostat cycle)

4.18.1 With water valve (cooling)

For all 4 models, if T(room) => T(set) by more than 1°C the valve will cut in. If T(room) <= T(set), the
valve will cut out.
Minimum thermostat cut in or out time is 30 seconds.
The indoor fan will follow jumper FAN_PRIO setting.

If jumper FAN_PRIO is ON:

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed.

In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

ºC

Ts+1.0

Ts

H M L H M L

Water Valve Water Valve Water Valve Water Valve


ON OFF ON OFF

Minimum fan speed change time is 30 seconds.

4.18.2 Without water valve (cooling)

Minimum fan speed change time is 30 seconds.

69
User set
User set speed
speed (H/M/L)
(H/M/L)
Ts
-0.5°C
SLo
-1.0°C
SLo -1.5°C
-2.0°C
Off
Off

In auto fan speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

H
H
+1.0°C
+0.5°C M
Ts M Ts
L
-0.5°C -0.5°C
L
-1.0°C
SLo
SLo
-1.5°C
-2.0°C
Off
Off

During Cool mode with fan off, if the indoor fan has cut off for more than 9 minutes, the low fan will be
forced to cut in for at least 2 minutes. Similarly, if unit is just turned on, the low fan will be forced to cut
in for at least 2 minutes if the temperature during turn on inhibits indoor fan to run.

4.19 Dry mode

During the first 12 minutes of the DRY mode run from:

i) Cold Start or
ii) Mode change

Dry mode must run under cool mode with AUTO indoor fan for 12 minutes or until
Tr =< Ts.

70
After this, the dry mode will operate like cooling cycle. However, only low fan is allowed to cut in.

Tr
Tr

Ts

Auto Fan Low Fan Auto Fan Low Fan

12minutes

4.20 Heat Mode

4.20.1 Auxiliary heater / booster (heating)

The auxiliary heater/booster will be used as the only alternative heating source when the water is not
warm enough in the coil.

Minimum auxiliary heater/booster cut in and out is 30 seconds

For boiler booster, it is allowed to use when:


a) The unit has been power on > 20 minutes
b) Its temperature must Tb>28ºC and Tb>Ts+5ºC (This will be checked when the boiler has been
forced to activate for 2 minutes).

ºC

Ts

Ts-1.0

Ts-2.0

Cut out Cut in Cut out

If the boiler water is not suitable for more than 2 minutes, the heat valve will force to cut off for 5
minutes.

4.20.2 With water valve (heating)

Minimum thermostat cut in or out time is 30 seconds.


Minimum fan speed change time is 30 seconds.

71
For all 4 model system, the water valve (heat valve) cuts in if Tr<= Ts-1°C. When the Tr>=Ts, the
valve will cut out.

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed.

In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

ºC

Ts
Auxiliary Heater /
Boiler OFF
Ts-1.0

Ts-2.0
Auxiliary Heater /
Boiler ON

L H M L H M L

Water Valve Water Valve Water Valve Water Valve


OFF ON OFF ON

If hot water is available, i.e. water is warm enough, the Heat thermostat cycle will operate as single
stage Heating using the hot water as the only heat source (applicable to M2 & M4 only).

4.20.3 Hot Keep

When the water valve or heater cuts out, the unit is in hot keep mode. Indoor fan will follow jumper
FAN_PRIO setting. For heater, there will be a post heat fan retention time of 25 seconds.

4.20.4 Without water valve (heating)

Minimum fan speed change time is 30 seconds.

In manual fan speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

Off
Off
+3.0°C
+2.5°C
SLo
SLo
+1.5°C
+1.0°C

User set
Ts speed User set
(H/M/L) speed
(H/M/L)

72
In auto fan speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

Off
+3.0°C Off
SLo +2.5°C
+2.0°C SLo
L +1.5°C
+1.0°C
L

Ts M Ts

M
-1.0°C
H
-2.0°C
H

During Heat fan off mode, if the indoor fan has cut off for more than 9 minutes, the low fan will be
forced to cut in for at least 2 minutes. Similarly, if unit is just turned on, the low fan will be forced to cut
in for at least 2 minutes if the temperature during turn on inhibits indoor fan to run.

4.21 Auto Mode (M3 only)

The operations of Auto Cool mode and Auto Heat mode are as per normal Cool mode and Heat mode
operation. This is only valid for model 3 system.
During Auto Heat mode, when room temperature rises and equals to Cool set point, system will
change to Auto Cool mode. If the room temperature falls down and reaches Heat set point, system
will change to Auto Heat mode.
In Auto mode, the cool set temp will be offset to Ts+1ºC while the heat set temp will be offset to Ts-
1ºC.

Tr
Cool Set
Ts+1ºC

Ts

Heat Set
Ts-1ºC

AUTO HEAT AUTO COOL AUTO HEAT

73
4.22 Fan Mode

3 fan speed is allowed in Fan mode, i.e. High, Medium and Low. The fan will continue to run
irrespective of the setting on jumper FAN_PRIO. Fan mode is not available to valveless system.

4.23 9 Minutes Water Valve Force On

If the water valve is idle for more than 9 minutes during cool/dry mode and room temperature, Tr = Ts
(Ts = Set temperature) or warmer, the water valve is forced to cut in 2 minutes.

4.24 Room Temperature Display Range

The room temperature display is:


9°C to 35°C or 48°F to 95°F

4.25 LEDs

There are seven proposed LEDs for operational display:


i) Power
ii) Heat
iii) Cool
iv) Dry
v) Sleep
vi) Timer
vii) Fan

4.26 Diagnostics

Errors Cool LED 7 Segment Indicator


Room sensor error (short/open) 1 blinks* E1
Pipe water sensor Error (short/open) 2 blinks* E2
Water pump error 3 blinks* E6
Pipe water temperature fault (for valveless system only) 5 blinks* E5
Window open activated 6 blinks* -
Antifreeze mode activated 7 blinks* -
Load shedding activated 8 blinks* -

*Blinking (1 second each)  off 3 second  blinking (1 second each)


Others LEDs will off.

74
5 Schematic Diagram

75
Water Source Heat Pump (LWS2.0)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• 2 asymmetrical compressors 3 stages control for water source heat pump.


• 1 compressor option for water source heat pump.
• 1 compressor option for direct expansion heat pump.
• AUTO/ COOL/ DRY/ FAN/ HEAT/ DEFROST system control.
• AUTO/ HIGH/ MED/ LOW indoor fan speed control.
• Louver and AC swing control option.
• Real time clock
• Real time ON/OFF timer.
• Compressor 9 minutes force on (COOL mode only)
• SLEEP function for COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• Cold start, Hot start and Hot keep.
• Memory backup (non-volatile) for last state settings option.
• LEDs display for CDF, COOL, DRY, FAN, HEAT, SLEEP, TIMER, ION
• On line testing activation (OnTAC)
• IR reception
• Wired and wireless control
• Water pump control
• IONIZER control
• TURBO function
• Heat Mode Offset 2°C option
• Outdoor water temperature too hot or too cold protection
• Compressors overload protection.
• Indoor Antifreeze for cooling cycle.
• Indications for thermistors' contact condition.

1.2 Protections

• Self diagnostics.
• Indoor antifreeze for cooling cycle.
• Compressors recycle protection (Anti short cycle timer).
• Compressor random restart during 1st thermostat cut in cycle.
• Gas leak detection option.
• Compressor overload manual/auto reset option.
• Compressors HARDWARE overload protection option.

76
2 Functions
2.1 Systems

There are 3 systems selection to be selected via the value of resistor ROPT2. The following notations
are used to represent the various systems selected:

System MODEL Jumper


Tandem

1 2 3
Single (Factory Setting)

1 2 3
DX

1 2 3

2.2 Models

Every system has 3 modes selection to be selected via the value of resistor RMODE. The following
notations are used to represent the various modes selected:

Models Modes
AP Auto > Cool > Dry > Fan > Heat >
AP Auto > Cool > Dry > Fan > Heat >
EC Cool > Dry > Fan >

2.3 Power Up Settings

During power up, the system can be configured to memorize the settings prior to power down. This is
done by shorting the 2 way straight header J_LST. The settings that are memorized are:-

a) Mode & On/Off status


b) Set Temperature
c) Fan Speed
d) DC swing
e) AC swing
f) Flap stop coordinate ( for DC swing off mode)
g) Key Lock ( for Wired control )

These data or settings are save in non-volatile memory.


The system will save the updated settings into the memory 10 seconds after changes are confirmed.
However, it will take 3 seconds to update the memory if the unit changes from on to off state.

If the swing mode is off, the flap will stop at the last stop position prior it is power down.

If the J_LST is not shorted, the default settings are


a) Unit : OFF,
b) Mode : COOL,
c) Set Temp. : 24°C,
d) Indoor fan speed : HIGH
e) SWING OFF

77
2.4 Unit ON/OFF

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via ON/OFF triggering
ii) via real-time ON/OFF timer

2.4.1 ON/OFF triggering

ON/OFF triggering can be achieved by pressing the emergency ON/OFF button or the LCD remote
controller ON/OFF button. In doing so, the DELAY timer will be reset.

When the emergency ON/OFF button is pressed, the system mode setting will rotate in the following
sequence:-

MODEL SEQUENCE
AP ---------- > COOL > HEAT > OFF > ------------
EC --------------->COOL > OFF >-------------------

The corresponding LEDs will also follow suit.

Pressing the wired/wireless controller ON/OFF button will toggle the system status either from ON to
OFF or from OFF to ON.

2.4.2 Real Time ON/OFF timer

When the real time ON timer set time matches the internal real time clock, the unit will be switched on.
Similarly, when the OFF time matches the real time clock, the unit is switched off. The timer settings
are retained so that similar switching can occur 24 hours later.

These timers will be deactivated if the emergency ON/OFF switch is pressed.

2.5 Temperature Range and Settings

The operating temperature range is 16 °C to 30 °C (60°F to 86°F), both inclusive. Temperature setting
is allowed in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

2.6 Sleep Function

This function will increase or decrease the set temperature with time. The COOL and HEAT mode
SLEEP profile is as follows:-

78
Mode Algorithm
Cool

Heat

The SLEEP function is only available for COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes. Changing to other modes
will inhibit the SLEEP function and the timer will be reset.

Pressing the emergency ON/OFF will deactivate and clear the sleep function.
This function is set/reset by the wired/wireless controller.

2.6 Indoor Fan Control

The indoor fan speeds are LO, MED, HIGH or AUTO FAN in COOL, HEAT and AUTO modes.
In FAN mode, only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.

2.7 Louver and AC Swing Control

In ac swing option, the swing will run if indoor fan is on and vice versa.

In the air louver option, the stepper motor will only run when the indoor fan runs. The louver will be set
at the maximum closing position when the unit is turned off. The swing angles of all operating modes
(when swing option is activated) are as follow:

79
If unit switches from off mode to on mode, the louver will stop at the last position when it go from on to
off mode.

2.8 Water Pump Control

The water pumps will on if any compressor is on during cooling cycle. The pump will remain on for at
least 5’ after both of the compressor is off.

During mode change from cooling to non cooling mode, the pump will on for minimum 5’.

During defrost cycle, the pump will on and will on for another 5’ once the defrost cycle is terminated.

2.9 Water Level Switch Detection

This normally close switch is to detect faults in water pump systems. It will confirm for 30” for switch
open and 60” for switch close.

Once switch is confirmed open, it will force compressor to cut off. Then, the error will be showed.

2.10 TURBO Function

TURBO function is available in COOL, HEAT and DRY modes only. When TURBO function is set,
The indoor fan will force to HIGH fan. After 20 minutes, this function will clear automatically. Cold start
will be overrode when TURBO function is activated. If TURBO and SLEEP are activated at the same
time, the SLEEP mode timer will be reset, it will resume after TURBO function is cleared.

Compressor cut out will deactivate TURBO function.

2.11 Heat Mode Offset 2°C Option

If DOT is open, the HEAT mode set temperature will be added by 2°C. This option is not applicable in
AUTO HEAT mode.

3 Operating Modes
The system mode is set by the wired/wireless control. The actual mode will be shown on the mode
LEDs. Mode changes respond 2 seconds after data reception.

3.1 Cold Start

When the unit restarts 2 hours after it has stopped or during power-on-reset start, it is considered a
cold start. This feature is not available in sleep mode.

80
3.2 Cool Mode

3.2.1 Cool Mode for Tandem Water Source system

In Cool mode, the asymmetrical compressors will be cut in or cut off based on the diagram as below,
subject to timing protections.

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan
speed will run as follows:

3.2.2 Cool modes for Single Compressor Water Source and DX systems

In Cool mode, the compressor will be cut in if the Tr - Ts > 0.5°C and the compressor will be cut out if
the Tr < Ts - 1.0°C, subject to timing protections.

In this mode, the indoor fan is always running. For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user
set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan speed will run as follows:

81
°C

+1.5
+1.0
+0.5
Ts
-0.5
-1.0

H M L M H ML L M H
COMP
COMP ON OFF COMP ON

3.3 Dry Mode

In DRY mode, only small compressor runs in DRY mode for TANDEM water source system.
Then, the other compressor in other systems will behave the same as the small compressor in
TANDEM water source system.

During the first 12 minutes of the DRY mode run from:

i) Cold Start or
ii) Mode change from HEAT, FAN or AUTO HEAT

Dry mode must run under cool mode with AUTO indoor fan for 12 minutes or until
Tr < Ts - 1°C.

After this, the dry mode may run under either Zone A, B, C or D as below:
i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C , the operation is in Zone A
ii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C , then the operation is in Zone C.
iii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C, then the operation is in Zone B.
iv) if Ts - Tr > 3°C, then the operation is in Zone D.
v) the other temperature ranges are dead bands for zone stability.
The sequence for the various zones are as shown:

82
Condition Zone Algorithm
i) if Tr - Ts > 2°C A

ii) if 0°C < Tr - Ts < 1°C B

iii) if 1°C < Ts - Tr < 2°C C

iv) if Ts – Tr > 3°C D

v) the other temperature - -


ranges are dead bands for
zone stability.

3.4 Fan Mode

Only HI, MED and LO speeds are allowed.


The compressor will stop. Similarly, the 4-way valve will turn off.

83
3.5 Heat Mode

There is a model of heat mode, namely auto heatpump (AP).

3.5.1.1 Heat Pump Model for TANDEM Water Source system

The compressor will be cut in and out condition is shown below:

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed. In AUTO FAN speed, the indoor fan
speed will run as follows:

3.5.1.2 Heat Pump Model for Single Compressor and DX systems

The compressor will be cut in if the Tr < Ts+1 ºC and the compressor will be cut out if the Tr-
Ts>3.5ºC, subject to timing protections.

For manual speed, the indoor fan will run as per user set speed. AUTO FAN speed condition is the
same as below:

84
°C

+3.5
+3.0
+2.0

+1.0
Ts

M H M L M H M L COMP
OFF
COMP COMP
OFF ON

These fan speeds in 3 systems are subjected to following Hot Start and Hot keep features:

3.5.2.1 Hot Start

During the cut in cycle, the indoor fan speed will modulate according to the indoor coil temperature:

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at user set fan speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan speed will stop. For Fan Always On option,
then indoor fan will run low.
iii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses the 30°C mark, the indoor fan speed will be changed
to low. (either start from off, or change from higher speed)

3.5.2.2 Hot Keep

When the compressor cuts out, the unit is in hot keep mode. There are 3 options of Hot Keep:

Fan on option

The start of heat mode, is defined as when:


a) the unit is just turned on from off with setting in Heat mode OR
b) the mode changes from non-heat to Heat mode OR
c) just after the end of a defrost cycle,
The hot keep cycle at the start of heat mode will be as follow:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
i) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run low.
ii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

For thermostat cycle cut offs, the following hot keep cycle will apply:
i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 18°C, the indoor fan will stop.

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Fan off option

i) if the indoor coil temperature > 40°C, the indoor fan will run at set speed.
ii) if the indoor coil temperature crosses 37°C, the indoor fan will run at low speed.
iii) if indoor coil temperature < 30°C, the indoor fan will stop.

Fan low cycle on & off option

This option is selected if no any resistor is inserted into RFAN.


The low fan will cut in for 30 seconds and subsequently off for 120 seconds. These cycle of on and off
will repeat.

3.5.2.3 4-way valve changing

To run heat pump, the 4-way valve must turn ON. Upon return to a non-heat pump mode, the 4-way
must turn OFF. The 4-way valve can only be changed 55+/- 5 seconds after the compressor has been
cut out. Then the compressor may be cut in 4 seconds later.

3.6 Auto Mode

Under AUTO mode, the mode can be selected automatically between Heat and Cool mode,
depending on the room temperature and Set Temperature. There is no cold start in Auto mode.

If the present Auto mode is Cool, its mode Set Temperature is the same as the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Heat mode if :-

i) Tr <= Ts mode - 3.5°C AND


ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.

If the present Auto mode is heat, its mode set temperature is 1.5°C below the user Set Temperature.
This mode will only change to Cool mode if :-

i) Tr > Ts mode + 3.0°C AND


ii) the compressor has cut out for at least 10 minutes.
Cool and Heat options working under Auto mode are the same as those working under non-Auto
mode.

3.7 Defrost Mode for Direct Expansion (DX) system only

A defrost timer will start counting when the outdoor heat exchange thermistor is below +3°C.
Upon crossing over +5°C to a higher temperature for more than 150 seconds, the timer will be reset.
The temperature sensing could only be done when the compressor run time is more than 2 minutes.

The likelihood of ice frosting at the outdoor coil is characterized by 3 gradients of outdoor temperature
shown in the chart below:

86
To
°C

+3
+2 C

30' 2 hrs
0
0 1 hr
time
-2
B
-4

-6 A

-8 defrost mode if more


than 3 minutes

Defrost mode will be activated if the compressor run time is:

i) 30 mins to 1 hour below 3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-8°C for more than
3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

ii) 1 hour to 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-4°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.

iii) more than 2 hours below +3°C reference point, if the outdoor coil temperature is <=-2°C for more
than 3 minutes (provided the compressor is on), then the defrost mode can be started.
If unit in outdoor fan forced off mode, the defrost will not be allowed to be declared.

3.7.1 Defrost cycle for DX system only

The defrost cycle is:-

When defrost starts, the indoor fan, outdoor fan & 4-way valve will cut off while the compressor
remains running.

The defrost will terminate if:-


a) Temperature of outdoor exchange coil exceeds +10°C or
b) A minimum of 10 minutes compressor run time is achieved.

At the end of the defrost cycle, the compressor cuts out. The 4-way valve switches on 15 +/- 5
seconds later. The compressor can cut in 20 seconds after the 4-way valve has cut in.

87
3.8 Off mode

When the unit is off, no indication will be provided. All relays will be turned off immediately after the
ON/OFF triggering except the 4-way valve which is subjected to the 55 +/- 5 seconds protection
where applicable.

4 Protections
4.1 Thermostat Minimum OFF Time.

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut in after a minimum period of 3 minutes from the
time it cuts off except during valve changeover sequences.

4.2 Compressor Random Restart

Should the main power cuts out and power resume, there are 2 option whereby will depend on if
memory backup option is selected:-

a) If memory backup option is not selected. Compressor can cut in immediately after power up again;
subject to thermostat cut in mode.
b) If memory backup option is selected. Compressor can cut in 0 – 64 seconds after power up again;
subject to thermostat cut in mode.

4.3 Thermostat Minimum Run Time

For thermostat cycles, the compressor can only cut out after minimum 150 seconds of running in the
current mode. The compressor can be cut out at any time if the system is switched to other modes or
in any other protection sequences.

4.4 Compressor Overload Protection

There are two methods to detect the compressor overload; namely by the coil sensors and the
hardware overload (normally close) switch.

4.5 Coil Sensors Detection

This protection is only available in COOL, DRY, HEAT and AUTO modes.

In cooling cycle for DX system only, when the Outdoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, both the
compressor and outdoor fan will stop operating.

In heating cycle for all system, when the Indoor Coil temperature exceeds 68°C, both of the
compressor and 4WV will stop operating accordingly.

The indoor fan will continue operating as per hot keep.

The unit will auto reset if the temperature goes below 50°C. This is allowed once every power on
reset. RGL can be used to select always auto reset every time the overload occurs.

If the temperature goes below the permissible limit, the overload protection can be reset manually by
triggering the ON/OFF.

88
4.6 Hardware Switch Detection

This is a normally close switch. It is connected in series with the power supply to the controller. Once
there is overload, the switch will open and power supply to controller will be cut off.

During the first cycle of thermostat on since power on reset, a counter is increased by one and a timer
starts to run. If the timer exceeds 3 minutes or the unit is turned off, the counter is reset to 0. During
the increment, if the counter is > 5, the unit will declare compressor overload protection. This fault is
manual resetable.

The counter is saved in the non-volatile memory. If memory backup option is not selected, the counter
is always set to 0 during power on reset. It is selectable thru RGL.

4.7 Outdoor water temperature protection for Water Source Systems only (Tandem & Single)

4.7.1 Cooling Mode (Tandem & Single)

During compressor cut off cycle, if the outdoor water sensor temperature is
a) cooler than 13°C or
b) warmer than 45°C
for at least 20 seconds, compressor is prohibited from cutting in. At the same time outdoor water
temperature error is declared. This error is resettable once the water temperature is between 13°C
and 45°C for at least 20 seconds

During compressor cut in cycle, if the water temperature is


a) warmer than 52°C for 20 seconds after compressor has cut in for more than 20 seconds or
b) cooler than 15°C for 20 seconds after compressor has cut in for more than 180 seconds,
compressor is forced to cut off & water temperature error is declared. This error is resettable once the
water temperature is between 13°C and 45°C for at least 20 seconds.

4.7.2 Heating Mode (Tandem & Single)

During compressor cut off cycle, if the outdoor water sensor temperature is
a) cooler than 10°C or
b) warmer than 35°C
for at least 20 seconds, compressor is prohibited from cutting in. At the same time outdoor water
temperature error is declared. This error is resettable once the water temperature is between 10°C
and 35°C for at least 20 seconds

During compressor cut in cycle, if the water temperature is


a) cooler than 6°C for 20 seconds after compressor has cut in for more than 20 seconds or
b) warmer than 32°C for 20 seconds after compressor has cut in for more than 180 seconds,
compressor is forced to cut off & water temperature error is declared. This error is resettable 3 times
only when the water temperature is between 10°C and 35°C for at least 20 seconds.
After 3 times retry, the fault can only be manually reset by power down & up the unit.

4.8 Outdoor fan speed control (DX system only)

Heating Cycle
The outdoor fan will cut off when the indoor coil temperature exceeds 55°C / 53ºC (Depends on
outdoor/indoor fan speed control option). The outdoor fan may resume when indoor coil temperature
is lower than 50°C.

89
The indoor fan speed will be forced to 1 speed higher than the user set speed when the indoor coil
temperature exceeds 53°C / 51ºC; i.e. LOW fan will be forced to MEDIUM fan while MEDIUM fan will
be forced to HIGH fan and there is no change if the user set speed is HIGH. It will resume at the user
set speed when indoor coil temperature is lower than 48°C.

Cooling Cycle
The outdoor fan will run whenever the compressor is cut in.

4.9 Indoor Anti freeze

This protection is only available in cooling cycle. The system will be in the Frost Prevention Mode if
the Indoor Coil Temp. reaches 1°C / 3ºC (depends on antifreeze option) and below for at least 1
minute AND compressor has been running for at least 10 minutes.

Upon confirmation, the compressor must be stopped. The compressor can only be restarted when the
Indoor Coil temperature reaches 10°C and above for at least 1 minute.

4.10 Self Diagnostics

Event PWR LED Timer LED Other LEDs Error Code


Room sensor open or
1 short Blink 1 time - Blink Fan Blink E1
Indoor coil sensor
2 open Blink 2 times - Blink Dry & Fan Blink E2
Outdoor coil sensor
3 open Blink 3 times - Blink Dry Blink E3
Compressor overload/
Indoor coil sensor
short/ outdoor coil
4 sensor short Blink 1 time Blink Cool Blink E4
5 Gas leak (TBC) Blink 3 times Blink Cool & Dry Blink E5
6 Water pump fault Blink 2 times Blink Cool & Fan Blink E6
(No indication in display panel.)
7 Outdoor defrost - Blink HEAT in SLM3 only. -
Hardware error (tact Blink Heat, Cool, follow by Fan,
8 switch pin short) Blink 6 times Dry Blink E8
9 Outdoor water fault Blink 5 times Blink Cool & Sleep Blink E9

4.11 Gas Leak (Outdoor unit abnormal)

This option is selected via resistor RGL.

The gas leak is declared if indoor coil temperature is > 25°C in cooling cycle or < 20°C in heating
cycle.
The system will check the gas leak mode if compressor run time of 30 minutes is achieved. If above
condition is met, the CPU will reconfirm the indoor coil temperature for another 5 minutes before
declaring the gas leak mode.

No gas leak checking during outdoor defrost. The compressor run timer will be reset.

90
5 OnTAC Activation
This feature is to force the compressor on for approximately 10 minutes irrespective of room
temperature and compressor minimum off time protection. Besides the compressor minimum off time,
other protections are still available. This feature is allowed to be activated once every power on reset
and is activated by pressing the emergency on/off button for more than 5 seconds.

To activate OnTac in cooling cycle, ensure the unit to off mode first. Then press the button for more
than 5 seconds.

To activate the OnTac in heating cycle, set the unit to cool mode first before pressing the button for
more than 5 seconds. For Heatpump model, Auxiliary Heater will ON immediately if indoor fan is
running (subject to indoor coil temperature).

6 Hardware Selections
There are 2 resistors (Rxxx) used in the board to configure various board operations :-

6.1 RFAN

For AT and AP model, this is used to configure board’s HOT KEEP specifications :-
Open - SD spec (Fan on, off below 18ºC).
22k - C2 spec. (Fan on).
7k5 - YA spec (Fan off).
(Note: RFAN configuration different from L2 specification)

6.2 RGL

This is used to enable or disable the Gas Leak and Compressor overload options :-
110k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
22k - Gas leak on, Compressor overload auto reset, hardware overload
detection on
7k5 - No gas leak, Compressor overload manual reset,
hardware overload detection off
3k - No gas leak, Compressor overload auto reset,
hardware overload detection on
There are 3 diodes used in the board to configure various board operations:-

6.3 Multi split (DMS)

This diode has no function.


(Important note: This diode can’t be removed.)

6.4 Antifreeze 1ºC / 3ºC option (D1/3C)

This diode is used to select 1ºC / 3 º C thresholds for cool mode antifreeze protection.
Exist - 1ºC
Open - 3ºC

91
6.5 Indoor fan speed control option (D55/53C)

This diode is used to select threshold for heating mode indoor fan speed control.
Exist - 53ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.
Open - 51ºC indoor fan forced higher speed.

92
Mini Chiller – Multi Compressor (MC1.1)

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• 1 compressor to 4 compressor system


• Networking. Single pump, separate pump system.
• Chiller, Heat pump/boiler model
• Compressor load balance
• Winter antifreeze.
• Cool mode antifreeze
• Condenser Coil Defrost. Alternative defrost. Manual defrost.
• On/off timer 4 on/off timers every day, 7 days.
• Last state memory
• System model/status/temperature/parameter display and programming
• 4-20mA device control.

2 Hardware Overview

2.1 Main Board

• Contains all input and outputs mentioned above


• Connected to wired panel
• Wired network to other main board
• Connected to extension board + 4-20mA external device(optional)

2.1.1 Input/outputs (i - input, o - output)

a) Compressor system (For each unit of compressor)


• Compressor (o)
• 4 Way Valve (o)
• Outdoor fan (o)
• Compressor Overload contact (i)
• High pressure contact (i)
• Low pressure contact (i)
• Fan overload contact (i)
• Defrost (condenser) sensor (i)
• Discharge sensor (i)
• Defrost end contact (i)

b) Water system
• Water pump (o)
• Flow contact (i)
• Pump overload contact (i)
• Entering water temperature sensor (i)
• Leaving water temperature sensor (i)

93
c) Miscellaneous
• Antifreeze heater (o)
• Auxiliary heater (o)
• Boiler output (o)
• Alarm output (o)
• Alarm input (i)
• On/off contact (i)
• Cool/Heat contact (i)
• Outdoor air temperature sensor (i)

d) Serial communication (for networking and to PC adaptor)


(RS485 interface)

• Serial input (i)


• Serial output (o)
• Common ground

2.2 Wired Panel

• User/installer interface to main board.


• Normal operation, programming of parameters
• Multiple line text display.
• Display status of all units.
• Alarm display and alert

3 Programmable Parameters
General Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution
G1 Model F Flag 4 0 5 1
0=Chiller, (Chiller+
1=Heat Pump, Boiler)
2=Chiller/ Boiler,
3=Heatpump/Boiler,
4=Chiller+Boiler,
5=Heat pump+Boiler
G2 Number of compressor F Flag 1 1 4 1
1=1 compressor,
2=2 compressor
3=3 compressor,
4=4 compressor
G3 On/off input F Flag 0 0 1 1
0=disable, 1=enable (disable)
G4 Cool/Heat input F Flag 0 0 1 1
0=disable, 1=enable (disable)
G5 External alarm input F Flag 0 0 1 1
0=disable, 1=enable (disable)
G6 Water system for chiller network F Flag 0 0 1 1
0=independent, 1=modular (disable)
G7 Unit number F Flag 0 0 50 1

94
Sensor Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution
S1 Entering water sensor U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S2 Leaving water sensor U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S3 Air sensor calibration U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
(-21.6) (21.6)
S4 Defrost (condenser) U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 1 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S5 Defrost (condenser) U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 2 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S6 Defrost (condenser) U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 3 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S7 Defrost (condenser) U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 4 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S8 Compressor discharge ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 1 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S9 Compressor discharge U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 2 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S10 Compressor discharge U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 3 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)
S11 Compressor discharge U ºC (ºF) 0 (0) -12 12 0.1
sensor 4 calibration (-21.6) (21.6)

Regulator Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution


R1 Cooling set-point D ºC 12 (53.6) R5 R6 0.1
(ºF)
R2 Cooling differential U ºC 1.5* (2.7) 0.4 10 (18) 0.1
(ºF) (0.7)
R3 Heating set-point D ºC 40 (104) R7 R8 0.1
(ºF)
R4 Heating differential U ºC 1.5* (2.7) 0.4 10 (18) 0.1
(ºF) (0.7)
R5 Minimum Cooling set- U ºC 7 (44.6) -20 R6 1
point (ºF) (-4)
R6 Maximum Cooling set- U ºC 20 (68) R5 40 (104) 1
point (ºF)
R7 Minimum Heating set- U ºC 30 (86) -20 R8 1
point (ºF) (-4)
R8 Maximum Heating set- U ºC 50 (122) R7 90 (194) 1
point (ºF)
R9 Auxiliary heater set-point U ºC 5 (9) 0 (0) 40 (72) 0.1
(threshold below heating (ºF)
set-point)
R10 Auxiliary heater U ºC 2 (3.6) 0.4 10 (18) 0.1
differential (ºF) (0.7)
R11 Auto boiler set-point U ºC 5 (9) 0 (0) 40 (72) 0.1
(threshold below heating (ºF)
set-point)
R12 Auto boiler differential U ºC 2 (3.6) 0.4 10 (18) 0.1
(ºF) (0.7)
R13 Auto boiler start time U min 30 0 199 1
threshold

95
Compressor Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution
C1 Compressor minimum run U sec 120 0 1990 10
time
C2 Compressor minimum U sec 180 0 1990 10
stop time
C3 Time interval between U sec 450 0 1990 10
two starts
C4 Start delay between two U sec 15 0 199 1
compressors
C5 Pump on →compressor U sec 180 0 1990 10
on delay
C6 Comp off →pump off U sec 60 0 1990 10
delay
C7 Discharge cut-off set- U ºC 120 (248) 0 (32) 150 1
point (302)

Condenser Defrost Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution


D1 Start defrost temperature U ºC (ºF) 0 (32) -20 (-4) 2 1
D2 End defrost temperature U ºC (ºF) 14 (57) D1 40 1
(104)
D3 Maximum duration of U min 10 1 40 1
defrost cycle
D4 Defrost interval time U min 45 0 199 1
D5 Delay before defrosting U sec 0 0 1990 10
D6 Delay after defrosting U sec 120 0 1990 10

Cool Mode Antifreeze Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution


A1 Antifreeze heater set-point U ºC (ºF) 5 (41) -40 (-40) 40 (104) 1
A2 Antifreeze heater U ºC (ºF) 2 (3.6) 0.4 (0.7) 10 (18) 0.1
differential
A3 Antifreeze sensor select U Flag 0 0 1 1
0=Leaving water, (leaving)
1=Entering water
A4 Antifreeze alarm set-point U ºC (ºF) 3 (37) -40 (-40) 40 (104) 1
A5 Antifreeze alarm differential U ºC (ºF) 2 (3.6) 0.4 (0.7) 10 (18) 0.1

Alarm And Contact Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution


P1 Flow switch confirmation U sec 5 0 199 1
time
P2 Flow switch alarm delay U sec 120 0 199 1
at pump start
P3 Low pressure alarm delay U sec 30 0 199 1
at compressor start-up
P4 Comp overload alarm U Flag 0 0 1 1
reset type (manual
0=Manual reset )
1=Auto reset

96
Alarm And Contact Type Unit Default Min Max Resolution
P5 High pressure alarm reset U Flag 1 0 1 1
type (auto)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P6 Low pressure alarm reset U Flag 1 0 1 1
type (auto)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P7 Fan overload alarm reset U Flag 1 0 1 1
type (auto)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P8 Pump overload alarm U Flag 0 0 1 1
reset type (manual)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P9 Flow switch alarm reset U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (manual)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P10 Auxiliary alarm reset type U Flag 1 0 1 1
0=Manual reset (auto)
1=Auto reset
P11 Antifreeze alarm reset U Flag 1 0 1 1
type (auto)
0=Manual reset
1=Auto reset
P12 Comp overload contact U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (NC)
0=Normally close (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P13 High pressure contact U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (NC)
0=Normally close (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P14 Low pressure contact U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (NC)
0=Normally close (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P15 Fan overload contact type U Flag 0 0 1 1
0=Normally close (NC) (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P16 Pump overload contact U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (NC)
0=Normally close (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P17 Flow switch contact type U Flag 0 0 1 1
0=Normally close (NC) (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P18 External alarm contact U Flag 0 0 1 1
type (NC)
0=Normally close (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
P19 Defrost end contact type U Flag 0 0 1 1
0=Normally close (NC) (NC)
1=Normally open (NO)
97
3.1 Parameter Description

This parameter enables the selection of Model. Mode available for each model and operation of each
mode is listed.

R - Using cool/heat set temperature and water inlet temperature to regulate on/off.
A - Using auxiliary heater/boiler set temperature and water inlet temperature to regulate
heater/boiler on/off.

1) Chiller Model:
Cooling mode: Compressor on/off (R)

2) Heatpump Model:
Cooling mode: Compressor on/off (R).
Heating mode: Compressor on/off (R), auxiliary heater on/off (A).

3) Chiller or Boiler Model:


Cooling mode: Compressor on/off. (R)
Boiling mode: Boiler on/off (R).

4) Chiller + Boiler Model:


Cooling mode: Compressor on/off (R). Boiler always on.

5) Heatpump or Boiler Model:


Cooling mode: Compressor on/off (R).
Heating mode: Compressor on/off (R). Auxiliary heater on/off (A). Boiler on/off (A).
Boiling mode: Boiler on/off (R).

6) Heatpump + Boiler Model:


Cooling mode: Compressor on/off (R). Boiler always on.
Heating mode: Compressor on/off (R). Auxiliary heater on/off (A). Boiler on/off (A).
This parameter sets the number of compressors and type of capacity-controlled.
1 to 4= 1 to 4 compressors.

This parameter enables the on/off selection from on/off input. If the selection is enabled (G2=1) below
is observed:

During power on, the system will start in on or off, depending to the input contact status (open-off,
close-on). Overriding last state memory.

If contact switches from on to off, system goes to off. If contact switches from off to on, system goes
to on. User panel can always override the setting.

This parameter enables the cooling/heating selection from cool/heat input if it is enabled (G3=1).
When enabled, below is observed:

During power on, system will start in cool or heat depending to the input contact status (open-cool,
close-heat). Overriding last state memory.

If contact switches from cool to heat, system goes to heat. If contact switches from heat to cool,
system goes to heat. User panel can always override the setting.

G5: External alarm input


It enables the external alarm input if G5=1. The unit will sounds an alarm if the input is at fault state.
(See also P19: Auxiliary alarm contact type).

98
G6: Water system for chiller network
Selects the water system for the chiller network., 0=isolated water system, 1=merged water system.
See 7. Networking for more details.

G7: Unit number in group


This parameter sets the unit number in the network group, 0 is the master unit.

Sensor Parameter (“S”)

S1: Entering water sensor calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by entering water sensor.

S2: Leaving water sensor calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by leaving water sensor.

S3: Air sensor calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by air sensor.

S4: Defrost (condenser) sensor 1 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by defrost sensor 1.

S5: Defrost (condenser) sensor 2 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by defrost sensor 2.

S6: Defrost (condenser) sensor 3 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by defrost sensor 3.

S7: Defrost (condenser) sensor 4 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by defrost sensor 4.

S8: Compressor discharge sensor 1 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by compressor discharge sensor 1.

S9: Compressor discharge sensor 2 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by compressor discharge sensor 2.

S10: Compressor discharge sensor 3 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by compressor discharge sensor 3.

S11: Compressor discharge sensor 4 calibration


It allows to add an offset to the value measured by compressor discharge sensor 4.

Regulator Parameters (“R”)

R1: Cooling set-point


It allows to set the Cooling set-point.

R2: Cooling differential


It allows to set the Cooling differential
(R2 automatically set to 1.5ºC if compressor number is changed to 1, it will be set to 3.0ºC if
compressor number is change to 2,3 or 4.)

R3: Heating set-point


It allows to set the Heating set-point.

99
R4: Heating differential
It allows to set the Heating differential.
(R4 automatically set to 1.5ºC if compressor number is changed to 1, it will be set to 3.0ºC if
compressor number is change to 2,3 or 4.)

R5: Minimum Cooing set-point


It allows to set the minimum Cooling set-point.

R6: Maximum Cooing set-point


It allows to set the maximum Cooling set-point.

R7: Minimum Heating set-point


It allows to set the minimum Heating set-point.

R8: Maximum Heating set-point


It allows to set the maximum Heating set-point.

R9: Auxiliary heater set-point


It sets the threshold below Heating set-point which the auxiliary is switched on.

R10: Auxiliary heater differential


It allows to set the Auxiliary heater differential. Note that heater could operate above heating set-point
by manipulating R9 and R10.

R11: Auto boiler set-point


It sets the threshold below Heating set-point which the boiler can start.

R12: Auto boiler differential


It allows to set the Auxiliary heater differential. Note that boiler could operate above heating set-point
by manipulating R11 and R12.

R13: Auto boiler start time threshold


It sets the time threshold for compressor to run before the boiler can start when condition R11 fulfilled.

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Modes and compressor Algorithm
Cooling – 1 compressor

Cooling – 2 compressors

Cooling – 3 compressors

Cooling – 4 compressors

101
Modes and compressor Algorithm
Heating – 1 compressor

Heating – 2 compressors

Heating – 3 compressors

Heating – 4 compressors

102
Modes Algorithm
Heating – Auxiliary heater

Heating – Auto boiler

Compressor Parameters (“C”)

C1: Compressor minimum run time


It sets the time when the compressor must remain on after it has been turned on, even if there is no
more request for it, during thermostat cycle.

C2: Compressor minimum stop time


It sets the time when the compressor must remain off after it has been turned off, even if there is a
request for its turning on.

C3: Time interval between two starts


It sets the minimum time interval between two successive on of a compressor.

C4: Start delay between two compressors


It sets the delay between the two compressors, to reduce voltage dip.

C5: Pump on → compressor on delay


It sets the delay for the first compressor (or auxiliary heater or boiler, depends on which come first) to
turn on after the pump has been turned on. This delay is also applied to auxiliary heater and boiler.

C6: Compressor off → pump off delay


It sets the delay for the pump to turn off after the compressors (or auxiliary heater or boiler, depends
on which come last) have been turned off.

C7: Discharge cut-off set-point


It is the threshold above which compressor will cut-off.

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Defrost Parameters (“D”)

D1: Start defrost temperature


It sets the condenser temperature (measured by defrost sensor) threshold under which a defrosting
cycle occurs. In order to activate a defrosting cycle such a condition must persist for a specific period
of time (see parameter D5).

D2: End defrost temperature


It indicates the temperature threshold which makes the defrosting cycle end.

D3: Maximum duration of defrost cycle


It represents the maximum duration of defrosting cycle.

D4: Defrost interval time


It sets the interval after defrost timer start counting before checking for D1 temperature.

D5: Delay before defrosting


When the defrosting condition has been detected, but before the real activation of the cycle, the
compressor stops. After the compressor stops, the 4 way valve will switch after D5/2. Compressor
starts after D5 elapsed.

If D5=0, the 4 way valve will switch immediately while compressor still running.

D6: Delay after defrosting


When the defrosting cycle is over, the compressor stops. After the compressor stops, the 4 way valve
will switch after D6/2. Compressor starts after D6 elapsed.
If D6=0, the 4 way valve will switch immediately while compressor still running.

Cool Mode Antifreeze Parameters (“A”)

A1: Antifreeze heater set-point


It sets the water temperature threshold under which the antifreeze heater is actuated. However,
antifreeze heater will always on if antifreeze alarm occurs.

A2: Antifreeze heater differential


It sets the differential for antifreeze heater.

A3: Antifreeze sensor select


It indicates the sensor to be used for the control of antifreeze heater.

A4: Antifreeze alarm set-point


This parameter sets the water temperature threshold under which an antifreeze alarm will be set off.

A5: Antifreeze alarm differential


It sets the differential for antifreeze alarm.

Alarm and Contact parameters (“P”)

P1: Flow switch confirmation time


It indicates a confirmation time before showing the flow switch alarm.

P2: Flow switch alarm delay at pump start


It allows to set a time delay to elapse before checking the flow switch at pump start-up.

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P3: Low pressure alarm delay at compressor start-up
It indicates a time delay which is to elapse before showing the low pressure alarm at compressor
start-up.

P4-P11: Alarm reset type


These parameters enable automatic reset or manual reset for the alarms. Automatic reset of alarm is
limited to less than 6 alarm triggers within 2 hours, otherwise the alarm requires manually reset.

P12-P19: Alarm contact type


These parameters defines the alarm contact type.
0=Normally close (NC): close=normal, open=fault,
1=Normally open (NO): open=normal, close=fault.

This is also a way to disable any unused contact for setting it to NO and leave it open.

4 Alarms and Signaling


Alarm type Reset Alarm Comp Fan Pump 4WV
Compressor overload (CO x 4) Option ON OFF OFF - OFF
High pressure (HP x 4 ) Option ON OFF OFF - OFF
Low pressure (LP x 4) Option ON OFF OFF - OFF
Fan overload (FO x 4) Option ON OFF OFF - OFF
Water flow error (FL) Option ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
Pump overload (PO) Option ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
External (EX) Option ON OFF OFF OFF OFF
Entering water sensor error Auto ON OFF OFF - OFF
Leaving water sensor error Auto ON OFF OFF - OFF
Outdoor Air sensor error Auto ON OFF OFF - OFF
Defrost sensor error (x 4) (HP Auto ON OFF OFF - OFF
models)
Discharge sensor error (x 4) Auto ON OFF OFF - OFF
Cool mode Antifreeze (AF) Option ON OFF OFF - OFF
Memory error (ME) Auto OFF OFF OFF - OFF

5 Operation Algorithm

5.1 Cooling Mode Starting Sequence

Cooling mode selected →water pump starts (if not started) → outdoor fan 1 starts → compressor 1
starts → outdoor fan 2 starts → compressor 2 starts → outdoor fan 3 starts →compressor 3 starts →
outdoor fan 4 starts →compressor 4 starts.

5.2 Heating Mode Starting Sequence

Heating mode selected →water pump starts (if not started) → 4 way valve energized → Auxiliary
heater starts → outdoor fan 1 starts →compressor 1 starts → outdoor fan 2 starts →compressor 2
starts → outdoor fan 3 starts →compressor 3 starts →outdoor fan 4 starts → compressor 4 starts.

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5.3 Cool Mode Antifreeze

• Runs in cool mode.


• Settings can be selected in cool mode antifreeze parameters (“A”)
• Antifreeze heater can be turned on to prevent freezing.
• Antifreeze alarm will be set-off if water temperature (entering or leaving) drops below antifreeze
alarm set-point. Refer to alarms and signaling.

5.4 Winter antifreeze

• Runs when system in standby mode.


• If outdoor air temperature <=5ºC and entering water temperature<=5ºC, water pump runs 5
minutes every hour. Antifreeze heater will turn on and off together with the water pump.
• If entering water>6ºC, water pump and antifreeze always stops.
• If outdoor air<=2ºC and entering water<=2ºC, system enters heat mode.
• If entering water temperature>15ºC, system returns to standby mode.

5.5 Water Pump

Water pump will run when the system is on except under certain alarm conditions.

5.6 4 Way Valve (4WV)

4 way valve will be energized in heating mode. If the system switches from cooling mode to heating
mode or vice versa, 4WV will switch accordingly. Compressor will be cut off first before 4WV switches.
Delay: Compressor off (55s) → 4WV switch (4s) → compressor on.

5.7 Outdoor Fan

Outdoor fan will run when its corresponding compressor were to start. Delay: outdoor fan on (4s) →
compressor on.

5.8 Compressor Load Balance

The compressor with the shortest accumulated run time will start first. The compressor with the
longest accumulated run time will be the first one to stop.

5.9 Condenser Defrost

Only ONE compressor can enter defrosting at one time. If more that 2 compressors fulfill defrost
condition, the compressor with maximum accumulated run time will enter defrosting cycle.

5.9.1 Start Defrosting Conditions

Defrost timer start counting when defrost sensor <=D1


At any time if defrost sensor > 2ºC for more than 150 seconds, defrost time reset to 0.
After interval time set in D4, and defrost sensor <=D1, defrosting start.

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5.9.2 Pre Defrost Cycle

When one compressor is confirmed to run defrost cycle, another compressor will turn on for 1 minutes
before the specific compressor enters defrost cycle. If no compressor can be turned on in 1 minute,
defrost cycle will still starting.

5.9.3 Defrosting Cycle

Depends on D5 setting, if D5=0, 4WV, outdoor fan will turn off while compressor continues running.
If D5 not=0, outdoor fan and compressor will turn off. D5/2 later 4WV turns off. D5 compressor turns
on.

5.9.4 Defrost Termination Conditions

Defrost sensor > D2 OR


Maximum duration of defrost cycle elapsed (D3) OR
Defrost end contact open.

5.9.5 Defrost Termination Cycle

Depends on D6 setting, if D5=0, 4WV, outdoor fan turn on while compressor continues running.
If D6 not=0, compressor will turn off. D6/2 seconds later 4WV turns on. D6/2 later outdoor fan and
compressor turns on.

5.10 Manual Condenser Defrost

Upon receiving manual defrost from remote keypad, the system will enter defrosting cycle if defrost
sensor <D2 and defrost end contact is normal.

5.11 Protection for Low Pressure

LP dry contact is checked during Cool, Heat and Standby mode. There is low pressure detection
delay (P3) when first compressor starts initially in heating mode and during defrost cycle.

6 4-20mA Operation Algorithm


With this device connected to the extension board , user is able to control the set temperature of the
smart manager panel / chiller panel by adjust the knob of the device. The SM panel or Chiller panel is
unable to adjust the set temperature due to the priority is given to the device. The difference between
min set temp and max set temp for cool mode, heat mode and boiling mode should maintain in 20 C.

User must turn off the power when installing or removing the device from the board. Female
connector must be installed to the 16 pin male connector slot whenever the device is not installed.
Without the device, user is able to control the set temperature of the SM panel / Chiller panel as per
normal.

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7 Networking
Each units have its unit number. There can be up to 50 units in the communication bus. Unit number 0
is the master. In a network, unit 0 must exist.

There are 2 types of networking.

i) Isolated water system.

Master can do global control and individual slave control, slave unit can also have own operation
mode. Master unit can monitor all units.

ii) Merged water system.

Slave units can only follow master operation mode (on/off : If master off, slave cannot on, if master on,
slave can off and on. Cool/heat, must follow master. If change, they will be overridden by master
setting) of master unit. Master unit can monitor all units in the network. In the case of water system
fault in the master, all the slave units will be stop.

• FL, PO, EX, antifreeze alarm in master, ALL stop


• FL, PO alarm ONLY detected in master.
• Inlet, outlet, air sensor in master open/short ALL stop
• Inlet, outlet, air sensor in slave open/short, slave stop only.
• CO, HP, LP, FO, DO, discharge & defrost sensor open/short, individual compressor stop only.
• outdoor defrost: individual compressor
• Winter Auto pump, available for master only
• Winter Auto heat, available for master only
• If fail to receive master status for 2 minutes, all slave unit will stop.
• Slave should have same or longer pump on -> compressor on delay and flow switch checking
delay.
• Slave unit uses its own inlet water sensor for compressor cut in/out.

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8 Schematic Diagram

Figure 1: Cooling Only Model

Figure 2: Heatpump Model

109
G11

Outlook

Operating Guide

1. “ON/OFF” Button
• Press once to start the air conditioner unit.
• Press again to stop the unit.

2. Temperature Setting
• To set the desired room temperature, press the ▲ or ▼ button to increase or decrease the
set temperature.
• The temperature setting range is from 16°C to 30°C
• Press both buttons simultaneously to toggle ▲ and ▼ from °C to °F setting.

3. Operating Mode
• Press the MODE button to select the type of operating mode.
• For cooling only unit, the available modes are: COOL ( ), DRY ( ) and FAN ( ).
• For heat pump unit, the available modes are : AUTO, COOL ( ), DRY ( ), FAN ( ) and
HEAT ( ).

4. Fan Speed Selection


• Press the button continuously will toggle the fan speed in the following order:
Low Med High Auto
• Stop pressing when the desired fan speed appears on the display screen.

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5. ON Timer Setting
• Press the SET button will activate the on timer function.
• Set the desired on time by pressing the SET button continuously. If the timer is set to 7.30am,
the air conditioner will turn on at 7.30am sharp.
• Press the CLR button to cancel the on timer setting.

6. OFF Timer Setting


• Press the SET button will activate the off timer function.
• Set the desired off time by pressing the SET button continuously.
• Press the CLR button to cancel the off timer setting.

7. Automatic Air Swing


• Press the SWING button to activate the automatic air swing function.
• To distribute the air to a specific direction, press the SWING button and wait until the
louver move to the desired direction and press the button once again.

8. Sleep Mode Setting


• Press the SLEEP button will activate the sleep mode function. This function is available under
COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• When the unit is operating under cooling mode, the set temperature is increased by 0.5°C
after 30 minutes, 1°C after an hour, and 2°C after 2 hours.
• When the unit is operating under heating mode, the set temperature is decreased by 1°C after
30 minutes, 2°C after an hour, and 3°C after 2 hours.

9. Clock Time Setting


• Press + button to increase the clock time.
• Press – button to decrease the clock time.

10. Turbo Mode


• Press the TURBO ( ) button to achieve the required set temperature in a short time.

11. Ionizer
• Press button to activate the negative ion function, which will refresh the indoor air
effectively.

12. Personalized Setting


• Press button and hold for 3s to initiate the personalized setting.
• Set the individual setting e.g. MODE, SET TEMP or FAN SPEED and leave for 4s to save the
setting into the programme.
• 2 groups of settings are allowed to store in the handset. Press once to activate the P1 setting,
press again to cycle between P1 and P2.
• Press any key to deactivate the personalize setting.

111
G17

Outlook

Operating Guide
1. Transmission Source
• The source where the signal will be transmitted.

2. Signal Transmission Indication


• Blink to confirm that the last setting has been transmitted to the unit.

3. Temperature Setting
• To set the desired room temperature, press the ▲ or ▼ button to increase or decrease the
set temperature.
• The temperature setting range is from 16°C to 30°C (optional setting 20°C to 30°C).

4. Personalize Setting
• Press and hold for 3s, then will blink. Press again to cycle between and .
P1 P1 P2
• Set the desire setting, then leave the handset for 4s without pressing any key and it will save
the setting into the programme.
• Press once to activate the P1 setting, press again to cycle between P1 and P2.
• Press any key to deactivate the personalize setting.

5. Automatic Air Swing (optional)


• Press the SWING button to activate the automatic air swing function.
• To distribute the air to a specific direction, press the SWING button and wait until the
louver move to the desired direction and press the button once again.

6a. Silent Function


• Press for quiet operation.

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• Fan speed turn to minimum speed.
• Press again to deactivate the function.

6b. Ionizer Function


• Press button to activate the negative ion function, which will refresh the indoor air
effectively.

7. Sleep Mode Setting


• Press the SLEEP button will activate the sleep mode function. This function is available under
COOL, HEAT and AUTO mode.
• When the unit is operating under cooling mode, the set temperature is increased by 0.5°C
after 30 minutes, 1°C after an hour, and 2°C after 2 hours.
• When the unit is operating under heating mode, the set temperature is decreased by 1°C after
30 minutes, 2°C after an hour, and 3°C after 2 hours.

8. Operating Mode
• Press the MODE button to select the type of operating mode.
• For cooling only unit, the available modes are: COOL ( ), DRY ( ) and FAN ( ).

9. Fan Speed Selection


• Press the button continuously will toggle the fan speed in the following order:
Low Med High Auto
• Stop pressing when the desired fan speed appears on the display screen.

10. “ON/OFF” Button


• Press one to start the air conditioner unit.
• Press again to stop the unit.

11. Timer Cancel


• Press the TIMER CANCEL button to cancel the on timer setting.

12. OFF Timer Setting


• Press the OFF TIMER button will activate the off timer function.
• Set the desired off time by pressing the OFF TIMER button continuously.

13. ON Timer Setting


• Press the ON TIMER button will activate the on timer function.
• Set the desired on time by pressing the ON TIMER button continuously. If the timer is set to
7.30am, the air conditioner will turn on at 7.30am sharp.

14. Turbo Function


• Press for fast cooling.
• Fan speed turn to maximum speed.
• Press again to deactivate the function.

15. Clock Time Setting


• Press and hold to set the clock time.

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Sequential LCD

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Cool/Heat/Fan/Dry/Auto modes.
• Single fan speed (High speed).
o o
• Set temperature in C or F.
• Save function.
• Test run function.
• 7 days programmable timer (option).
• Compressors Run/Error status
• Compressors Defrost status
• Heater enable control
• Error indicator
• Keylock function
• Last state memory (battery backup or backup setting from main board)

2 Hardware Setting
The system has 8 jumper setting to control the board function. (Jumper H, jumper D and jumper SQ
are not used.)

The jumper NODRY is used when the Dry mode is not needed.
The jumper RTC is used to determine whether real time clock and timer functions are used.

Jumper RTC Clock/ Timer Function


No No
Yes Yes

The jumper SELECT is used to determine the model.

Jumper SELECT Model


Yes 01 (display set temperature)
No 02 (display room temperature)

The jumper (J_CE & J_RST) is used for on-board programming.


Jumper J_CE & J_RST On-board Programming
Yes Yes
No No

3 Functions
3.1 Power Up Settings

During power up, the controller will start up with default setting or battery backup setting or last state
setting from the EEPROM on the main board. The default setting is as below:

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Mode: Cool
o
Set temperature: 25 C
Fan speed: High

3.2 Unit ON/OFF

There are 2 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via 7 days programmable timer or
ii) via ON/OFF key.
When the unit is OFF, the LED is light off. When the unit is turned ON, the LED will light up.

3.3 Temperature Range and Setting

The temperature setting range is 16°C to 30°C (61°F to 86°F). Temperature setting is performed via
pressing TEMP DOWN key or TEMP UP key. Pressing both the TEMP UP and TEMP DOWN keys
o o
simultaneously will toggle the temperature setting between C and F.

3.4 Mode function

Mode setting can be changed via MODE key. There are 5 modes selectable in following sequence:
Cool > Heat > Auto > Dry > Fan
Availability of the modes is determined by the main board. All modes except Fan mode can be
disabled.

3.5 Save function

To activate Save function, press the SAVE key once. To disable Save function, press the SAVE key
once again. Save function is not available in Fan mode.

3.6 Test Run function

Test Run function is available in Cool and Heat modes only. To activate Test run function, press the
TEST RUN key twice. ‘TEST RUN’ symbol is turned on with ‘COOL’ or ‘HEAT’ symbol blinking. The
function will last for 2 hours and could be manually disabled by pressing ON/OFF key once. If the
system in the other mode than Cool or Heat, the mode will automatically switch to Cool.

3.7 Real Time Clock

Press the CLOCK key one time will activate set clock mode. Press the CLOCK key again will disable
set clock mode.
Under set clock mode, a word ‘SET CLOCK’ on LCD will blink at 0.5 seconds interval and the real
time clock and day setting can be changed by pressing DAY key, HOUR key or MINUTE key.
The unit will also automatically disable set clock mode after 10 seconds if none of the DAY, HOUR or
MINUTE key is pressed.

3.8 Seven Days Programmable Timer

There are two 7 days programmable timers namely On Timer and Off Timer.

115
Press the timer key once will activate set timer mode. Press the same timer key again will disable set
timer mode.

Under set timer mode, a word ‘SET TIMER’ on LCD will blink at 0.5 seconds interval and the timer
setting can be changed by pressing the DAY key, HOUR key or MINUTE key.
The unit will also automatically disable set timer mode after 10 seconds if none of the DAY, HOUR or
MINUTE key is pressed.

Whenever there is any timer setting in the program, the LCD displays a word ‘TIMER ACTIVE’ to
indicate the 7 days programmable timer is active. To deactivate the timers setting temporary, press
the HOLD key for 2-3 seconds until the word ‘TIMER ACTIVE’ disappears. To recall back the timer
setting, it could be done by pressing the HOLD key again for 2-3 seconds or press once the timer key.
The word ‘TIMER ACTIVE’ will appear.

Another way to cancel the timers setting is to change all the hour setting of the timers to null one by
one. When the setting is null, the LCD display --:--.
Battery backup is used to keep the real time clock operating if power failure occurs.

3.9 Compressor Run/Error Status

Compressors running status is indicated on the LCD panel. When compressor 1 is running, symbol
‘COMP 1’ will turn on. If there were error conditions (for examples: overload, high pressure trip and
gas leak) detected on compressor 1, symbol ‘1’ will blink. Error code will be shown as well.

3.10 Compressor Defrost Status

Compressor defrost status is indicated on the LCD panel. When compressor 1 is running defrost
cycle, symbol ‘DEFROST 1’ will be shown and etc.

3.11 Heater Enable Control

When HEATER key is pressed, the display will rotate in following sequence:
‘HEATER 1’ > ‘HEATER 1 2’ >’ ‘> ‘HEATER1’
The main board controls the availability of the heaters. When heater 1 and/or heater 2 is disabled, the
LCD panel will response accordingly. Heater only available in Heat mode & Auto-Heat mode.

3.12 Error Indicator

If there were abnormal condition detected, the error code will be shown with the LED blinks. Refer to
main board error code for detail. The format of error code is as following.
"E01", "E02", "E03", "E04"... etc.

3.13 Keylock function

The controller has a keylock function to prevent unauthorized changing of the unit’s operating
settings. Press the MINUTE key 3 times consecutively will activate the keylock function. ‘KEYLOCK’
symbol will turn on. Upon keylock, all key pressing except ON/OFF and FAN keys will be ignored. To
cancel the keylock function, press the MINUTE key 3 times consecutively, symbol ‘KEYLOCK’ will
disappear.

116
3.14 Last State Memory

For 7-days programmable timer option, battery backup is used to retain the last stage data. For unit
without battery backup, the last stage memory backup will base on the EEPROM data from the main
board. If last stage information is not available, the unit will use default setting during next power up.

117
Netware3

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Cool/Heat/Fan/Dry/Auto modes
• Auto/High/Med/Low fan speed
o o
• Temperature operate in C or F
• Room temperature display
• Sleep function
• Swing function
• Real-time clock and Day display
• 3 Events 7-day programmable timer
• Error indicator
• Key lock and Fan lock features
• Batteries backup to retain settings during power failure
• Last state memory (Memory backup setting from main board)
• Couple with G2, G5 & BLACK IR code remote control
• ‘Beep’ sound or LED blink when IR received
• ‘Beep’ sound when key press
• Override function
• Timer Active key
• Optional 20°C-30°C temperature range

There are altogether 14 keys on the Netware 3 wired controller.


No Key Function
1. ON/OFF On/off the unit with overriding all the timer settings
2. SLEEP Activate/deactivate Sleep function
3. FAN Select Fan speeds control (Auto/ High/ Med/ Low)
4. MODE Select operating Modes control (Cool/ Heat/ Auto/ Dry/ Fan)
o o
5. SET TEMP UP Increase set temperature in C or F
o o
6. SET TEMP DOWN Decrease set temperature in C or F
7. SWING Activate/deactivate Swing control
8. ON TIMER Enable/disable the Event 1, 2 and 3 ON TIMER setting mode
9. OFF TIMER Enable/disable the Event 1, 2 and 3 OFF TIMER setting mode
10. TIMER ACTIVE Activate/deactivate all set timers
11. CLOCK Enable/disable the RTC setting mode
12. DAY a) Select the day for RTC or timer settings
b) Enable/disable FAN Key lock
13. HOUR a) Set the hour for RTC or timer settings
b) Set Override function for 1, 2 or 4 hours
14. MINUTE a) Set the minute for RTC or timer settings
b) Enable/disable Key Lock

118
2 Hardware Setting
The unit has 6 options to control the board function.
Option Set Off
NOBEEP LED will blink when IR received. ‘Beep’ sound when IR received
RTC_H RTC value from remote control will override RTC value will not affected by remote
RTC value from wired controller. control
NORTC No RTC, timer functions & displays. RTC & timer functions are available.
NODRY Dry mode NOT available Dry mode available
20_30C Set temp. range from 20°C – 30°C Set temp. range from 16°C – 30°C
J4 No Room Temperature display Room Temperature display

JH JD Application Model/Remark
OFF OFF Auto Detect Depends on main board
OFF SET DX system Export cool (EC)
SET OFF DX system Heatpump (HP)
SET SET Auto Detect Auto heatpump (AP)

3 Functions

3.1 Power up Settings

The unit will start up with main board’s last state setting during power up. If last state information is
not available, the unit will use the default settings. The default settings are as below:

Unit : Off
Mode : Cool
o o
Set Temp : 24 C / 75 F
Fan Speed : High
RTC : 12:00AM, MONDAY
Swing : Off
Timers : Inactive

3.2 Unit ON/OFF

There are 3 ways to turn on or off the unit:


i) via ON/OFF Timers
ii) via ON/OFF Key
iii) via IR Remote Control

Unit LCD Power LED Timers IR Reception


ON without TIMER ACTIVE Full Display ON Inactive Enable
OFF thru On/off key RTC only OFF Inactive Enable
ON with TIMER ACTIVE Full Display ON Active Enable
OFF thru TIMER ACTIVE RTC only BLINK in every 2s Active Enable
interval
Power Down (Operate by No Display OFF Inactive Disable
Backup Battery)

119
3.3 Full Display

Display Optional Display ( If key is pressed )


 Line  Error Code e.g. EOP, E01, E02 …
 RTC ( If NO_RTC is set)  TIMER ACTIVE( ON/OFF)
 Mode  KEY LOCK
 Fan speed  SLEEP
 Room Temp  SWING
 SET TEMP
 OVERRIDE

3.4 Operating Temperature Range and Setting

The temperature setting range for DX system (default) is from 16°C to 30°C (60°F to 86°F). For CW
system, the Cool set temp is from 15°C to 36°C (59°F to 97°F) while for the Heat set temp is 11°C to
29°C (52°F to 84°F). For CW system, at Auto mode normally Cool Set Temp would always at least 1
Deg higher than Heat Set Temp. Thus, when Cool Set Temp key pressed is equal to Heat Set Temp,
Heat Set Temp will decrement by 1 Deg. When Heat Set Temp key pressed is equal to Cool Set
Temp, the Cool Set Temp is increment by 1 Deg. This is to make sure that at Auto mode, when
running at Cool mode, cool compressor will cut in; when running at Heat mode, heat compressor will
cut in. Only ONE compressor is activated at one time.

When the Option 20_30C is set, the temperature range limit is set to 20ºC to 30ºC (68°F to 86°F).
Temperature setting is performed via pressing SET TEMP UP key or SET TEMP DOWN key. Set
st
temp remain as previous value when 1 SET TEMP key is pressed. Pressing both keys
o o
simultaneously will toggle the temperature setting between C and F. No temperature setting is
allowed during FAN mode.

3.5 Mode Function

Mode setting can be changed via key press on MODE key. The Model can be selected via Option JH
and JD.
Models Modes
Export Cool – EC Cool > Dry > Fan > Cool >
Heatpump – HP Cool > Heat > Dry > Fan > Cool >
Auto Heatpump – AP Cool > Heat > Auto > Dry > Fan > Cool >

3.6 Fan Speed Function

Fan speed can be changed via pressing the FAN key:


Low > Med > High > Auto > Low >

Fan speed selection is not valid during Dry mode.


No Auto Fan speed for Fan mode. If there was Auto Fan in previous mode, when the mode setting
change to Fan, then the unit will force to Low Fan speed. Auto Fan speed will resume when mode
change to Cool, Heat or Auto mode.

3.7 Room Temperature Display

The unit has an onboard room sensor. The main board will determine to use the room sensor onboard
or main board’s thermistor as the working sensor. If main board’s thermistor is the working sensor, the

120
main board room temperature will be shown; vice versa, if the onboard room sensor is selected, then
the wired controller room temperature will be shown.

Room temperature will be displayed after 3s of the unit startup, and will ON until further SET TEMP
key is pressed. The set temperature will be shown for 5s, and then it will revert back to room
temperature display. The display range is from 8°C to 37°C (46°F to 99°F). When the temperature is
below 8°C (46°F), "LO" will be displayed. If it rises above 37°C (99°F), "HI" will be displayed.
‘OP’ will be shown when the working room sensor is detected OPEN circuit or ‘SH’ will be shown
when room sensor is detected SHORT circuit.

3.8 Sleep Function

To activate Sleep function, press the Sleep key once. “SLEEP” symbol will be shown. To disable
Sleep function, press the Sleep key once again. Dry mode and fan mode are not valid during sleep
function.

3.9 Swing Function

To activate Swing function, press the Swing key once. To disable Swing function, press the Swing key
once again. This function is controlled the DC & AC swing simultaneously.

3.10 Real-time Clock (RTC) Display

This function is only available when Option NORTC is off. RTC is shown on screen during the unit ON
or OFF.

Set RTC Setting


Press CLOCK key one time will activate RTC setting mode. Pressing the same key again will disable
RTC setting mode.
Under RTC setting mode, "SET CLOCK" will be shown on LCD and it will blink at 0.5s interval. The
RTC and Day setting can be changed by pressing DAY key, HOUR key or MINUTE key. If there is no
further time related (DAY, HOUR and MINUTE) key is pressed for 10s, the unit will quit from the
CLOCK setting mode. During this stage, ON/OFF timer cannot be set.

When Option RTC_H is set, the RTC setting from remote control will override this wired controller
RTC setting.

3.11 7-Day Programmable Timers

The unit has 3 event functions; each event has an ON TIMER and an OFF TIMER. Press the timer
key (ON TIMER or OFF TIMER) will enable Event 1 timer setting mode. Press the same key again will
enable Event 2 timer setting mode. Press the 3rd times will enable the Event 3 (Event handset) timer-
setting mode. Subsequent key pressed the unit will quit from timer setting mode.
All timers are event triggered timers and can be overridden by the ON/OFF button and Override
function.

Set Event 1 and Event 2 Timers


Under timer settings mode, "SET TIMER" will be shown on LCD and blink at 0.5s interval. For Event 1
Timer setting, ‘ ON’ or ‘ OFF’ indication will appear and digit “1” will be displayed on the top left
corner of the LCD. ‘ ON’ or ‘ OFF’ indication and digit “2” will be displayed during Event 2 timer
setting. The timer setting can be changed thru pressing the DAY key, HOUR key or MINUTE key. If
there is no further time related (DAY, HOUR and MINUTE) key is pressed, the unit will quit from the

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timer setting mode.

Set Event 3 Timer via remote control


This timer can be controlled separately thru remote control as well as ON TIMER OR OFF TIMER
keys. Timer 3 can be set like timers 1 and 2 like above except the DAY setting is not provided as this
timer setting is valid every day. An indicator ‘3’ will display during the Event 3 timer setting mode. ‘
ON’ or ‘ OFF’ will blink at 0.5s interval during the timer setting. If there is no further time related
(DAY, HOUR and MINUTE) key is pressed, the unit will quit from the timer setting mode.
The ON/OFF timer settings received from remote control will override the Event 3 timer setting from
the unit.

Activating and canceling timers


These timers will not trigger if the timer is not active. To activate the timers, press the TIMER ACTIVE
key until “TIMER ACTIVE” appears on LCD. This symbol is to indicate Event 1, Event 2 and/or Event
3 timers are active. Pressing the same steps will deactivate the timers and “TIMER ACTIVE” symbol
will disappear. When timer is activated during unit is OFF, the LED will blink at every 2s interval.
Another method to cancel the timers setting is changed all the hour setting of the timers to null one by
one. When the setting is null, the LCD display --:--, then this respective timer will be disable.
During sub active mode, ON/OFF timer will be checked for every 1min.

3.12 Key Lock

These key lock function to inhibit any setting change. Press the MINUTE key 3 times consecutively
will activate/deactivate the key lock function; "KEYLOCK" will be shown/disappear on LCD. Upon all
the keys are locked, only ON/OFF key and MINUTE key can be pressed.

3.13 Fan Lock


When the DAY key is press 3 times consecutively within 1.5sec, the fan symbol will disappear
and fan key will be inhibit from pressing. Press the DAY key 3 times to cancel the fan lock function.
Fan mode is not available during Fan Lock, and there is no fan key lock function when unit is in DRY
mode.

3.14 Battery Backup

Battery backup is used to retain the RTC and 7-days programmable timer settings during power
down. For unit without battery backup, the default setting will be 12:00am and timer clear during
power up.

3.15 Error Indicator

If any abnormal condition detected, an error code will be shown. When the transmission line between
the main board and the unit line is opened, an error code ‘EOP’ will be shown.
For those errors detected from main board, the format of error code will be as following:
"E01", "E02", "E03", "E04” ... Please refer to the main board error code for detail.

3.16 Infra-red Reception

This unit can receive G2, G5 and BLACK IR code. When a valid IR is received, either the LED will
blink for 2s or a ‘BEEP’ sound will be generated (depends on Option NOBEEP) to acknowledge the IR
reception. IR interrupt setting is the highest priority among other setting. E.g.: It will override the set
temp of N3 if IR set temp is pressed.

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3.17 Override Function

Press the HOUR key once will activate the override function for 1 hour. An indicator “H1” will show on
the top left corner of the LCD. Press the same key again will increase the setting to 2 hours. An
rd
indicator “H2” will be shown. Press the 3 times will increase the setting to 4 hours. An indicator “H4”
will be shown. Subsequent press will deactivate the override function.
When the Override function is activated, all the timers will be bypassed and turn ON the unit for a fix
periods of 1 hour, 2 hours or 4 hours depends on the selection, after when it will turned off.

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SLM3

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Cool/Fan/Dry/Heat/Auto modes.
• Auto/Low/Med/High fan speed.
o
• Temperature operate in C & º F (base on main board setting)
• Room temperature or Set temperature indicator.
• Swing function.
• Sleep function.
• 15 hours delay timer
• Error indicator.
• Last state memory (battery backup or backup setting from main board)

2 IR Credit Card

When IR key is activated, the ON/OFF LED will blink 7 -10 times to acknowledge the reception of IR.

3 Hardware

There is an option for displaying the Room Temperature and Set Temperature through JRTD jumper
setting.
With JRTD jumper, SLM3 will show Room Temperature.
Without JRTD jumper, SLM3 will ‘ONLY’ show Set Temperature.

4 Functions

4.1 Power Up Settings

During power up, the controller will start up with default or last state setting from the EEPROM on the
main board. The default setting is as below:

4.11 Default setting

Mode: Cool
o
Set temperature: 24 C
Fan speed: High

4.2 Unit ON/OFF

There are 3 ways to turn on or off the system:


i) via 15 hours delay timer or
ii) via ON/OFF key.
iii) via ON/OFF key press using IR Credit card

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When the unit is OFF, the ON/OFF LED is light off. When the unit is turned ON, the LED will light up.
During ON mode, all the keys are available whereas in OFF mode only timer key is available.

4.3 Temperature range and setting

The temperature setting range is 16°C to 30°C or 60ºF to 86 ºF. Temperature setting is performed via
pressing TEMP DOWN key or TEMP UP key.

4.4 Mode function

Mode setting can be changed via key press on MODE key.

Export Cool (EC) Cool > Fan > Dry> Cool >
Heat pump (HP) Cool > Fan > Dry > Heat> Cool >
Auto Heat pump (AP) Cool > Fan > Dry > Heat>Auto > Cool >

In Auto Heat mode, Heat LED lights on and Cool LED blinks.
In Auto Cool mode, Cool LED lights on and Heat LED blinks.

4.5 Fan Speed function

Fan speed can be changed via key press on FAN key.


Fan speed operation Low > Med > High > Auto > Low >

Fan speed selection is not valid in Dry mode. No Auto fan speed during Fan mode. If there was Auto
fan in previous mode, when the mode setting change to Fan, then the system will force to Low fan
speed.

4.6 Room Temperature Function

If JRTD jumper exists, room temperature is displayed all the time. If set temperature key is pressed,
the set temperature will be displayed for 5 seconds. Then the 7 SEGMENT will display room
temperature again.

The 7 SEGMENT display room temperature from 0°C to 50°C or 16ºC to 30ºC If room temperature
below 0° or 16ºC character "L" will be displayed. If room temperature above 50°C or 30ºC character
"H" will be displayed.

If JRTD jumper doesn’t exist, Set temperature is displayed all the time. Room temperature is not
displayed in this case.

4.7 Sleep Function

To activate Sleep function, press the Sleep key once. To disable Sleep function, press the Sleep key
once again.

4.8 Swing Function

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To activate Swing function, press the Swing key once. To disable Swing function, press the Swing key
once again.
4.9 15 hours Delay Timer

The delay timer controls the delay of On mode and Off mode. The timer setting can be set up to
maximum of 15 hours with 1 hour per step.

Press the timer key one time will activate set timer mode. Under set timer mode, TIMER LED will blink
at 0.5 seconds interval and the timer setting can be changed by pressing of the Timer key.

The unit will revert to display set temperature/ room temperature after 5 seconds if there is no further
TIMER key pressed.

4.9.1 During On mode

When DELAY TIMER OFF is activated, the TIMER LED lights on. Change the timer setting to zero in
order to deactivate the timers.

4.9.2 During Off mode

When DELAY TIMER ON is activated, the TIMER LED will blink. Change the timer setting to zero in
order to deactivate the timers.

Another way to cancel the timers setting is to ON or OFF the system.

4.10 Error Indicator

If there were abnormal condition detected, the error code will be shown in blink. The format of error
code is as following.
"E1", "E2", "E3", "E4” ...etc. Please refer to the main board for the error indication.

In these abnormal conditions, set temperature keys and the timer key are not available. The timer
setting will be canceled.

4.11 Defrost Mode

In the defrost cycle, the HEAT LED will blink with COOL, FAN, DRY LED off. In this cycle, mode
selection is not available. The rest of the key press setting will be acknowledge but the action except
ON/OFF key will only be taken when the defrost cycle complete.

4.12 Test mode (Compressor Force On)

If the timer key is pressed for 5 sec, the compressor will be forced on. This only happen once after the
main board turn on.

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Chiller Panel

1 Introduction
1.1 Features of Entity

• Graphical LCD display


• Networking, display status and alarms
• Supported up to 50 Chillers in one chiller bus
• Advance parameter settings for Chillers
• Password protection for advance parameter settings
• Password changing
• Chiller, Heat Pump, Chiller+Boiler, Heat Pump+Boiler, Chiller/Boiler, Heat Pump/Boiler
Model
• Cooling/Heating/Boiler mode
• Individual Cooling and Heating set temperatures.
• Temperature unit changing ºC / ºF
• Display for panel temperature
• Display for defrost and discharge sensor temperatures
• Display for each compressor run time and able to clear the run time as well
• Manual defrost selection
• Panel ID and Chiller ID address settings
• Real time clock (RTC) and date settings and display
• 7 days programmable timer (2 ON/OFF timer)
• Beep sound (optional) and backlight blinking when new fault occurred
• Display up to 46 types of fault/alarm.
• Store up to 20 erasable alarm histories
• Starting logo and screen saver display (optional)
• Backlight via key press or backlight always ON (optional)
• Contrast and brightness setting display
• CMOS reset
• Memory backup for last state settings

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2 Menu Structure

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3 Operating Guide
1. Upon power on of the unit, the LCD displays the main display screen.

2. Press the ON/OFF button for 1 second to switch on the unit if the status shows OFF. The status will
display ON. The ON/OFF LED will light up.
3. Press the COOL button for 1 second if cooling is required or the HEAT button if heating is required.
4. The Set Temp refers to water in temperature and the factory setting is 12°C for cooling and 40°C
for heating.
5. [00] refers to the factory setting panel ID.
6. Press the “ν” button once to view the compressor(s) on or off status.

7. Press the “ν” button twice to view the temperature for water in, water out, outdoor air and controller
panel.

8. Press the “ν” button thrice to view the model of the air conditioning unit, number of compressor
used and unit no.

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9. Press the “Λ” button to return to previous screens.
10. Press the ALARM button to view or clear the alarm history. If alarm occurs, contact your dealer or
serviceman.

Main Menu
1. Changes can be made to the factory setting parameter. This is done in the Main Menu. Press
ENTER button to go into the Main Menu.
2. The Main Menu consists of Operation Menu, Settings Menu, Timer Menu, Alarm Menu and Display
Menu.

Steps to use the Main Menu


1. Press ENTER to view the sub-Menu under Main Menu.
2. Go to the sub-Menu you want by pressing the “Λ” or “V” button. Press ENTER to select the
sub-menu.
3. Go to the parameter you want to change or view by pressing the “Λ” or “V” button. Press ENTER to
select this parameter.
4. Change the parameter by pressing the “Λ” or “V” button. Once completed press ENTER.
Press ESC to go back to previous screen until you see the initial display screen.

Note: The Set Parameter in the setting menu requires password for any changes to or to view its
parameter.

Caution:
All the password entering must be done by local dealer / serviceman. User is not allowed to change
the value of the set parameter as this may cause damage to unit or deter its operation.

Operation Menu
This menu enables us to set the units status (on or off), set the unit operation mode, set the water in
temperature and manually defrost the unit (applicable for heating mode only).

Setting Menu
This menu enables us to set the panel ID (factory setting is [00]), set parameter for unit operation
(requires password entering), change password and set panel option.
The panel option enables us to set the LCD backlight and contrast, set the alarm buzzer, enable and
disable the screen saver and set a screen saver timeout and set the temperature display in °C or °F.

Timer Menu
This menu enables us to set the clock, set the date, set a 7 days schedule to start and stop the unit
and enable or disable the set schedule.

Alarm Menu
This menu enables us to view the alarm history and also clear the record. The panel can keep up to
20 fault / alarm records.

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Display Menu
This menu enables us to view the defrost sensor(s) temperature, discharge sensor(s) temperature
and compressor(s) run time.

Main Menu
Press ENTER to go to this menu.

There are 5 sub menus in [Main Menu]. Press “Λ” or “V” to select sub menus, ENTER to enter into the
sub menu or press ESC to exit to main display screen.

Operation Menu
Select [Operation Menu] in [Main Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

Some normal settings can be found here. Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required setting, ENTER to
enter into the setting or press ESC to exit to [Main Menu].

Settings Menu
Select [Settings Menu] in [Main Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

Some advance settings can be found here. Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required setting, ENTER to
enter into the setting or press ESC to exit to [Main Menu].

Panel Option
Select [Panel Option] in [Settings Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required setting, ENTER to enter into the setting.
Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required option, ENTER to select the option.
Press ESC to exit to [Settings Menu].

Timer Menu

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Select [Timer Menu] in [Main Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

All the timer / schedule settings are included in this menu. Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required
setting, ENTER to enter into the setting or press ESC to exit to [Main Menu].

Set Time
Select [Clock Setting] in [Timer Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

Press “Λ” or “V” to select the required option, ENTER to select the option.
Press ESC to exit to [Timer Menu].

Set Date
Select [Date Setting] in [Timer Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

Set Schedule
Select [Schedule Timer] in [Timer Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

This is the 7 days programmable timer schedule menu. There are 2 ON/OFF events in one day. User
can choose to set each day (Sunday - Saturday) ON/OFF timer.
Before this schedule can function, user needs to set the [Timer] in [Timer Menu] to enable. Press ESC
to exit to [Timer Menu].

Alarm Menu
Select [Alarm Menu] in [Main Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

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This place keeps records for all previous occurred faults / alarms.
User can view or clear these records. The panel can keep up to 20 faults / alarm records.
Press ESC to exit to [Main Menu].

Show Alarm
Select [Show Alarm] in [Alarm Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

The record shows: - Alarm Type


- Alarm occurred date
- Alarm occurred time
- Alarm occurred unit (Chiller ID)
Besides that, user can erase the alarm record in this menu.
Press ESC to exit to [Alarm Menu].

Display Menu
Select [Display Menu] in [Main Menu] and press ENTER to go to this menu.

This menu displays Defrost Sensor temperature, Compressor Discharge Sensor temperature and
Compressor Run Time. Besides that, user can clear compressor run time record (Requires
Password).
Press ESC to exit to [Main Menu].

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Controller’s Development

History of Controllers

Handset Model
Year Main Board Remarks
Wireless Wired Cooling Heating
SLM3 /
2002 Chilled Water W1V3 G6 Netware 2 WM-FW / CE-DW / CC-CW / CK-AW / CK-BW Valveless application only
(optional)
Multi Split Indoor,
2002 G7 - - WMS (10-20)FR Auto random restart
MS10.0

2003 Mini Chiller MCH03A - SC302 AC/4AC(80-150)C AC/4AC (80-150)CR Cooling & heatpump
SB (125/150)
SLM3 – single SB (125/150) BR1/CR1/DR1
2003 Universal U1SB125 - B1/C1/D1 Cooling & heatpump
speed RT/4RT (60-120)AR
RT/4RT (60-120)A
RT/4RT (150-300)A RT/4RT (150-300)AR
Sequential Controller,
2003 - SQ-LCD SB 150B2-600B4 SB 150BR2-600BR4 Cooling & heatpump
SQ
SB 125D2-500D4 SB125DR2-500DR2
2004 U1.4 G7 - CK (10-20)C CK (10-20)CR Cooling & heatpump
WM (07-15)G WM (07-15)GR
2004 L2.0 G11 - Cooling & heatpump
WM (20-25)G WM (20-25)GR
MC01 - Chiller Panel AC (80-150)C AC (80-150)CR Cooling & heatpump
2004
MCH01 - Chiller Panel AC (20-60)C AC (20-60)CR Cooling & heatpump
G11 - CE (15-28)E CE (15-28)ER Cooling & heatpump
2005 L208A
- Netware 3 CC (75-100)D CC (75-100)DR Cooling & heatpump
U1.4 - SLM3 SB (75-100)ER
SLM3 – single
2005 Universal U1SB125 - SB (125-150)ER1 Heatpump only
speed
Sequential Controller,
- SQ-LCD SB 125ER2-600ER4
SQ
Inverter
2005 VA2.0 G11 - 5WMX (10-25)GR In set form only
5SLX (10-25)CR
2005 MC01 - Chiller Panel 5AC (030-055)CR Heatpump only
SLM3 / CE-D / CK-A/B/C / CE-DR / CK-AR/BR/CR / CC-
G7 & G11
2006 L208A Netware 3 CC-C CR Cooling & Heatpump
- SLM3 SB (75-100)B/D SB (75-100)BR/ER
Sequential Controller, Cooling & Heatpump
2006 - SQ-LCD RT (360-420)A RT (360-420)AR
SQ
SML3 /
2006 Chilled Water W2 G7 & G11 WM-GW / CE-DW / CE-EW / CC-CW / CK-AW/AWH/CW /
Netware 3
SB-BW
2008 L2GSN G17 - (5)WM-J/JR Cooling & Heatpump

2009 W_2_03A G17 - 5WMY-J/JR Cooling & Heatpump

134
Controller Version

Wall Mounted Model

MWM010/015D
MWM020/025C C 2.4

MWM010/015DR C 2.4
MWM020/025CR

MWM007/010E C 2.4 C5

MWM007/010ER C 2.4

MWM007/010/015F C5 D1/D2
MWM020/025F L2EF

MWM007/010/015FR U1.3/
MWM020/025FR C 2.4 U1.4/
U1.5

MWM007/010/015G/GR
MWM010/020/025G/GR L2 L2.2

MWM010/015J/JR L2GSN
MWM020/025J/JR

135
Wall Mounted Model – Multi Split

MWMS010/015D
MWMS020C C5

MWMS010E C5 D1/ D2

MWMS010/015F
MWMS020F C5

MWMS010/015ER MS7.0 MS10

MWMS010/015R
MWM020FR MS7.0

MWMS010/015/020G
L2 L2.2
MWMS010/015/020GR

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Light Commercial
Model

MCK020-050A/AR C3A

MCM020-025C/CR
MCM020-050D/DR C3B
MCC010-028C/CR

U1.4
MCM030-050C/CR L208A
MCC030-040B/BR C3B CET
MCC030-060C/CR

MCM020–062D/DR
M5CM040–062D/DR

M5CK020-050A/AR
M5CK020-050C/CR
MCK020–050E/ER
M5CK020–050E/ER
MCM015–040E/ER
M5CM015-040E/ER
M5CC010-060C/CR

Mini Chiller & FCU

MAC40-58A/AR
MCH01-07 SZMC02
MAC75-125B/BR MC1.1

M(4)AC020-150C/CR
MC1.0
M5AC030-055CR

FCU W1V2 W1V3 W2

137
Commercial Model

MDB075-100B/BR C3B U1.4


L208A

MDB075-100D
MDB075-100ER

MDB125BR
MDB125-150B
MDB125D-150D1
MDB125CR
U1_SB125 SB125
MRT055-120A/AR
M4RT055-120A/AR
M4RT060-090B/BR
MDB125-150ER1

MDB200B2-600B4
MDB125D2-500D4
MDSB200B2-500B4
MDB150BR2-500BR4
MDSB200BR2-500BR4 SQ1.0 SQ2.0
MDB125ER2-600ER4
MRT150-420A/AR
M4T150-420A/AR
M4RT120-180B/BR

138
Handset Compatibility

Handset Communicate Main Board


with D1.0 U1.3 U1.4 U1.5 L208
G7 = X X X X X
G11 = X X X X X
G17 = X X X
WIRED CONTROLLER
SLM (4W) = X X X
NETWARE 3 = X X X

139
PCB Identification

To identify a controller, the service personnel must first examine the PCB’s (printed circuit board)
name and also check the software version printed on the microprocessor. With the same PCB, the
software version might be different (due to customization or improvement).

Name of PCB Software version


can be read here can be read here

140
Table of Identification
Listed in the table below are the names of different PCB used for different air-conditioners.

Model Configuration PCB Name Software


MCK-AW/CW, MCC-CW, RCM-DW/EW, SB-BW Valve/valveless UCW W2
MCK-A/C, RCM-D/E, MCC-C/D EC/AP 08A01 L2

MWM030F EC/AP WM30E1 L2EF


MWM0301W EC/AP WM301W W2EF
MWM-G EC/AP WMG01/02 L2
MWM-GW Valve WMGW01/02 W2L
MWM-J EC/AP WMJ01/02 L2GSN
MCK-E EC/AP CKEMB01 L2

141
Thermistor

Thermistor Resistance Calculation

1) For thermistor, the most important characteristic is the B value.

2) B 25-50 means the B value between 25°C and 50°C.

3) In order to derive the B value between t1 and t2, first, we need to obtain the resistance of
thermistor at t1 and t2. Let’s assume R1 (at t1) and R2 (at t2).

Substitute t1, t2, R1 and R2 into the formula below to obtain the B value:
B value between t1°C and t2°C,
B t1- t2 = ln (R1/ R2) ÷ [1/( t1 + 273.15) – 1/( t2+273.15)]
Example :
B value for copper sensor between 25°C and 50°C,
B 25-50 = ln (10000/4085) ÷ [1/(25+273.15) – 1/(50+273.15)]
= 3450

4) For copper sensor, B 25-50 = 3450


For silver sensor, B 25-50 = 3330

5) Rearrange the formula, we get


ln (R1/R2) = B t1- t2 [ 1/(t1 + 273.15) - 1/(t2 + 273.15) ]
Take reference at 25°C, copper sensor
ln (R1/10000) = 3450 [ 1/(t1 + 273.15) - 1/298.15 ]
Substitute R1 with R and t1 with T and rearrange the formula, we get
R = 10,000 * e 3450[1/ (T+273.15) – 1/298.15]
Where, R = Resistance at T °C
T = Temperature measured by thermistor

For Silver sensor,

R = 5,000 * e 3330[1/ (T+273.15) – 1/298.15]

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143