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Advantages and Disadvantages

For construction systems

Concrete frame construction

The concrete is very powerful in compression, can be used in the construction of large
buildings. Concrete can be poured into molds or concrete in situ, but requires about 5 days to
heal. They can also be taken out in advance from the site and then join together on site.
1- Good fire resistance.
2- Can be formed in any shape.
3- Can be coated.
4- Pre-casting construction is faster.
5- Its fire protection capability.
6- High strength in pressure.
7- Does not require secondary completion.
8- The rapid construction period can be
achieved using a variety of surface
1- Requires initial concrete support.
2- You need a crane
3- Not strong on stress
4- You need skilled manpower to assemble
5- Support (shut down) requires initially the required discharge
6- A weak force in tension

Steel frame structures

Steel is used more in construction, and most in residential construction. They are usually
combined with concrete floors or brick walls. Steel is the main supporting element of the

1- Large open areas can be made because of the load

capacity of the steel.
2- Quick to set up once steel has been
3- Benefits for builders.
4- Benefits for homeowners.
5- Environmental benefits.
6- High strength.
7- High strength to weight (strength per unit weight).
8- Excellent softness and seismic resistance.
9- Bearing extensive deformation without failure even under high tensile stress.
10- Flexibility, regularity of materials.
11- Ability to predict factors, dose to design assumption.
12- Ease of erection and erection speed.
1- It can be expensive.
2- High level of accuracy required.
3- Designers and builders need to develop greater knowledge of the capabilities of steel
framing systems.

Wood framed construction


1- Flexibility.
2- Ease of construction.
3- Economic development.
4- Easy to get, move and work.
5- It is lighter and inexpensive than other materials.

1- Burns rapidly.
2- Decays if exposed to moisture.
3- Changes volume with moisture changes.
4- Framing unattractive (must be covered).
5- It isn't fire-water resistant.
6- It can be attacked by termites.

Load bearing masonry wall construction

A load-bearing wall is a wall that settles it through its
weight to a foundation structure. Materials commonly
used for building carrier walls are concrete or brick, used
in large buildings.


1- Lumen can be isolated under construction and this improves the thermal performance
of the wall.
2- The structural element can be built first and this allows the rest of the building to move
3- It takes less time to complete it so it will save on cost.
4- Weight less, also can reduce the cost of foundation and structural support.
5- Solid structural materials.
6- Anti-flame.
7- Durable and long lasting.

1- The possibility of water penetration.

2- More expensive than wood.
3- Must be properly positioned so as not to collapse and deteriorate over time .

Deep/superficial foundation

Deep foundation superficial foundation

The deep foundations are those very deep Superficial is the foundation used to
Definition surfaces that make the final surface of the distribute structural loads over a wide
base load, the base is usually at a depth of 3 horizontal area at a shallow depth below
meters. the ground level.
1. Piles 1. Spread Foundation
Type of 2. Pile Walls 2. Mat/Raft Foundation
foundation 3. Caissons
4. Diaphragm Wall


1. Any length and size can be built in the 1. Cost is reasonable and not high.
site. 2. The construction procedures are
2. Construction equipment is usually mobile simple and the materials used are
and construction can progress quickly. mostly concrete.
Advantages 3. Durability and application capacity on a 3. Work does not require extensive
wide range of soil conditions. experience.
4. Design changes can be made as work
5. Capacity can be increased.
1. The use of some of the mechanisms such 1. Settlement.
as pedals to pollute noise and disturb the 2. The irregular surface of the earth
neighboring structures. (slope, retaining wall) causes
Disadvantages 2. Driving concrete piles requires difficulty and time to work.
considerable space for use.
3. Piles may break during driving and pose a
risk to working safety.