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{{Starbox begin

| name = Mu Pegasi

}}

{{Starbox image

| image =

<div style="position: relative">[[File:Pegasus IAU.svg|250px|alt=Diagram showing star


positions and boundaries of the Pegasus constellation and its surroundings]]

<div style="position: absolute; left: 41.9%; top: 32.9%;">[[File:Cercle rouge 100%.svg|


12px]]</div>

</div>

| caption=Location of μ Pegasi (circled)

}}

{{Starbox observe

| epoch = [[J2000.0]]

| ra = {{RA|22|50|00.19315}}<ref name=aaa474_2_653/>

| dec = {{DEC|+24|36|05.6984}}<ref name=aaa474_2_653/>

| appmag_v = 3.514<ref name=mnras172_667/>

| constell = [[Pegasus (constellation)|Pegasus]]

}}

{{Starbox character

| class = G8&nbsp;III<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>

| b-v = +0.932<ref name=mnras172_667/>

| u-b = +0.674<ref name=mnras172_667/>

| variable =

}}

{{Starbox astrometry
| radial_v = {{nowrap|+13.54 ± 0.20}}<ref name=aaa430_165/>

| prop_mo_ra = +144.70<ref name=aaa474_2_653/>

| prop_mo_dec = –41.87<ref name=aaa474_2_653/>

| parallax = 30.74

| p_error = 0.27

| parallax_footnote = <ref name=aaa474_2_653/>

| absmag_v = +0.432<ref name=aaa456_3_1109/>

}}

{{Starbox detail

| mass = 2.7<ref name=aaa456_3_1109/>

| radius = {{nowrap|9.6 ± 0.4}}<ref name=aj118_6_3032/>

| luminosity =

| temperature = 4,950<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>

| gravity = 2.50<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>

| metal_fe = –0.03<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>

| rotational_velocity = 4.0<ref name=aj135_1_209/>

| rotation =

| age_gyr

}}

{{Starbox catalog

| names = Sadalbari, μ&nbsp;Peg, 48&nbsp;Peg, [[Bonner Durchmusterung|BD]]


+23&nbsp;4615, [[FK5]]&nbsp;862, [[Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars|GJ]]&nbsp;4298, [[Henry
Draper catalogue|HD]]&nbsp;216131, [[Hipparcos catalogue|HIP]]&nbsp;112748, [[Harvard
Revised catalogue|HR]]&nbsp;8684, [[Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog|
SAO]]&nbsp;90816.<ref name=SIMBAD/>

}}

{{Starbox reference
|Simbad=mu+Peg

}}

{{Starbox end}}

'''Mu Pegasi''' ('''μ Pegasi''', abbreviated '''Mu Peg''', '''μ Peg'''), also named '''Sadalbari''',<ref
name="IAU-LSN">{{cite web | url=https://www.iau.org/public/themes/naming_stars/ |
title=Naming Stars |publisher=IAU.org |accessdate=16 December 2017}}</ref> is a [[star]] in the
northern [[constellation]] of [[Pegasus (constellation)|Pegasus]]. The [[Apparent magnitude|
apparent visual magnitude]] of this star is 3.5,<ref name=mnras172_667/> which is [[Bortle
Dark-Sky Scale|bright enough]] to be seen with the naked eye even on a moonlit night. Based
upon [[stellar parallax|parallax]] measurements taken during the [[Hipparcos]] mission, it is
approximately {{Convert|106|ly|pc|abbr=off|lk=on}} from the [[Sun]].<ref
name=aaa474_2_653/>

==Nomenclature==

''μ Pegasi'' ([[Latinisation of names|Latinised]] to ''Mu Pegasi'') is the star's [[Bayer designation]].

It bore the traditional name ''Sadalbari'', which derives from the [[Arabic]] term for "luck star of
the splendid one".<ref name="allen">{{cite book

| author=Allen, Richard Hinckley

| author-link=Richard Hinckley Allen

| year=1963 |origyear=1899

| title=Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning

| edition=[[Reprint|rep]].

| publisher=[[Dover Publications]] Inc.

| location=[[New York City|New York]], [[New York (state)|NY]]

| url=
http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Topics/astronomy/_Texts/secondary/ALLSTA/
Pegasus*.html

| isbn=0-486-21079-0

| pages = 328–29}}</ref> In 2016, the [[International Astronomical Union]] organized a [[IAU


Working Group on Star Names|Working Group on Star Names]] (WGSN)<ref
name="WGSN">{{citation

| url=https://www.iau.org/science/scientific_bodies/working_groups/280/

| title=IAU Working Group on Star Names (WGSN)

| publisher=[[International Astronomical Union]]

| accessdate=22 May 2016 | postscript=. }}</ref> to catalogue and standardize proper names
for stars. The WGSN approved the name ''Sadalbari'' for this star on 21 August 2016 and it is now
so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.<ref name="IAU-LSN"/>

In [[Chinese language|Chinese]], {{lang|zh|離宮}} ({{lang|zh-Latn|Lì Gōng}}), meaning


''[[Encampment (Chinese constellation)|Resting Palace]]'', refers to an [[asterism (astronomy)|
asterism]] consisting of Mu Pegasi, [[Lambda Pegasi]], [[Omicron Pegasi]], [[Eta Pegasi]], [[Tau
Pegasi]] and [[Nu Pegasi]].<ref>{{zh icon}} ''中國星座神話'', written by 陳久金. Published by 台
灣書房出版有限公司, 2005, {{ISBN|978-986-7332-25-7}}.</ref> Consequently, Mu Pegasi itself
is known as {{lang|zh|離宮二}} ({{lang|zh-Latn|Lì Gōng èr}}, "the Second Star of Resting
Palace").<ref>{{zh icon}}
[http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/Museum/Space/Research/StarName/c_research_chinengstars_ala_
alz.htm 香港太空館 - 研究資源 - 亮星中英對照表] {{webarchive|
url=https://web.archive.org/web/20081025110153/http://www.lcsd.gov.hk/CE/Museum/Space/
Research/StarName/c_research_chinengstars_ala_alz.htm |date=2008-10-25 }}, Hong Kong
Space Museum. Accessed on line November 23, 2010.</ref>

==Properties==

The [[stellar spectrum|spectrum]] of this star matches a [[stellar classification]] of


G8&nbsp;III.<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/> The [[luminosity class]] of 'III' means that it has
exhausted the hydrogen fuel at its core and [[stellar evolution|evolved]] into a [[giant star]]. It is
slightly more massive [[solar mass|than the Sun]], but has expanded to nearly ten times [[solar
radius|the Sun's radius]].<ref name=aj118_6_3032/> (Mishenina et al. (2006) list it with an
estimated 2.7 times the mass of the Sun.<ref name=aaa456_3_1109/>) The [[effective
temperature]] of the outer atmosphere is about 4,950&nbsp;K,<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>
which is cooler than the Sun and gives it the yellow hue of a G-type star.<ref name=csiro/><ref
name=kaler/> The abundance of elements other than hydrogen and helium, what astronomers
term the [[metallicity]], is similar to the abundance in the Sun.<ref name=aaa508_3_1313/>
==References==

{{reflist|refs=

<ref name=aaa474_2_653>{{citation | first=F. | last=van Leeuwen |date=November 2007 |


title=Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics |
volume=474 | issue=2 | pages=653–664 | bibcode=2007A&A...474..653V | doi=10.1051/0004-
6361:20078357 |arxiv = 0708.1752 }}</ref>

<ref name=aj118_6_3032>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Nordgren | first1=Tyler E. |


last2=Germain | first2=M. E. | last3=Benson | first3=J. A. | last4=Mozurkewich | first4=D. |
last5=Sudol | first5=J. J. | last6=Elias | first6=N. M., II | last7=Hajian | first7=Arsen R. |
last8=White | first8=N. M. | last9=Hutter | first9=D. J. | title=Stellar Angular Diameters of Late-
Type Giants and Supergiants Measured with the Navy Prototype Optical Interferometer |
journal=The Astronomical Journal | volume=118 | issue=6 | pages=3032–3038 |date=December
1999 | doi=10.1086/301114 | bibcode=1999AJ....118.3032N }}</ref>

<ref name=aaa508_3_1313>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Frasca | first1=A. |


last2=Covino | first2=E. | last3=Spezzi | first3=L. | last4=Alcalá | first4=J. M. | last5=Marilli |
first5=E. | last6=Fżrész | first6=G. | last7=Gandolfi | first7=D. | title=REM near-IR and optical
photometric monitoring of pre-main sequence stars in Orion. Rotation periods and starspot
parameters | journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=508 | issue=3 | pages=1313–1330
|date=December 2009 | doi=10.1051/0004-6361/200913327 | bibcode=2009A&A...508.1313F |
arxiv=0911.0760 }}</ref>

<ref name=aaa430_165>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Famaey | first1=B. | last2=Jorissen


| first2=A. | last3=Luri | first3=X. | last4=Mayor | first4=M. | last5=Udry | first5=S. |
last6=Dejonghe | first6=H. | last7=Turon | first7=C. | title=Local kinematics of K and M giants
from CORAVEL/Hipparcos/Tycho-2 data. Revisiting the concept of superclusters |
journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics | volume=430 | issue=1 | pages=165–186 |date=January
2005 | doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20041272 | bibcode=2005A&A...430..165F |arxiv = astro-
ph/0409579 }}</ref>

<ref name=aj135_1_209>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Massarotti | first1=Alessandro |


last2=Latham | first2=David W. | last3=Stefanik | first3=Robert P. | last4=Fogel | first4=Jeffrey |
title=Rotational and Radial Velocities for a Sample of 761 HIPPARCOS Giants and the Role of
Binarity | journal=The Astronomical Journal | volume=135 | issue=1 | pages=209–231 |
date=January 2008 | doi=10.1088/0004-6256/135/1/209 |
bibcode=2008AJ....135..209M }}</ref>

<ref name=mnras172_667>{{citation | last1=Jennens | first1=P. A. | last2=Helfer | first2=H. L. |


title=A new photometric metal abundance and luminosity calibration for field G and K giants. |
journal=[[Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society]] | volume=172 | pages=667–679 |
date=September 1975 | bibcode=1975MNRAS.172..667J |
doi=10.1093/mnras/172.3.667}}</ref>

<ref name=SIMBAD>{{citation | title=48 Peg -- High proper-motion Star | work=SIMBAD |


publisher=[[Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg]] | url=http://simbad.u-
strasbg.fr/simbad/sim-id?Ident=HD+216131 | accessdate=2012-01-28 }}</ref>

<ref name=kaler>{{citation | first1=James B. | last1=Kaler | title=SADALBARI (Lambda and Mu


Pegasi) | work=Stars | publisher=University of Illinois |
url=http://stars.astro.illinois.edu/sow/sadalbari.html | accessdate=2012-01-28 }}</ref>

<ref name=csiro>{{citation | title=The Colour of Stars | date=December 21, 2004 |


work=Australia Telescope, Outreach and Education | publisher=[[Commonwealth Scientific and
Industrial Research Organisation]] |
url=http://outreach.atnf.csiro.au/education/senior/astrophysics/photometry_colour.html |
accessdate=2012-01-16 }}</ref>

<ref name=aaa456_3_1109>{{citation | display-authors=1 | last1=Mishenina | first1=T. V. |


last2=Bienaymé | first2=O. | last3=Gorbaneva | first3=T. I. | last4=Charbonnel | first4=C. |
last5=Soubiran | first5=C. | last6=Korotin | first6=S. A. | last7=Kovtyukh | first7=V. V. |
title=Elemental abundances in the atmosphere of clump giants | journal=Astronomy and
Astrophysics | volume=456 | issue=3 | pages=1109–1120 |date=September 2006 |
doi=10.1051/0004-6361:20065141 | bibcode=2006A&A...456.1109M |arxiv = astro-
ph/0605615 }}</ref>

}}
{{Stars of Pegasus}}

[[Category:Bayer objects|Pegasi, Mu]]

[[Category:Flamsteed objects|Pegasi, 48]]

[[Category:G-type giants]]

[[Category:Pegasus (constellation)]]

[[Category:Stars with proper names]]

[[Category:Hipparcos objects|112748]]

[[Category:Henry Draper Catalogue objects|216131]]

[[Category:Gliese and GJ objects|4298]]

[[Category:HR objects|8684]]

[[Category:Durchmusterung objects]]