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Excel Review Center GEAS QA 2

Q: What is the ratio of a specific charge of a Q: It refers to the difference between the A: isoelectronic
proton and an alpha particle? mass number and the atomic number?
A: 1:2 A: Number of neutrons Q: Identities of an atom, which share the
elemental similarity, yet neutrons are
Q: Between an electron, proton, neutron and Q: Sodium ion differs from a sodium atom in varying numbers/charges.
an alpha particle, which of the following is that the sodium ion _________. A: Isotopes
not considered a fundamental particle? A: has fewer electrons
A: alpha particle Q: What is the unit charge of an alpha
Q: What term best characterizes the relation particle?
Q: Between an electron, proton, neutron and of hydrogen to deuterium? A: +2 Excel Review Center
an alpha particle, which of the following is A: isotope (of hydrogen)
has the largest charge? Q: What is the unit charge of a beta particle?
A: alpha particle Q: It refers to the weighted average of the A: - 1
mass numbers of all the naturally
Q: The difference between mass number occurring isotopes of an element Q: The weight of 1 hydrogen atom is _____.
and atomic number is numerically equal A: Atomic mass Excel Review Center A: 1.66x10-24 g
to ____.
A: the number of neutrons Q: The orbitals of 2p electrons are often Q: What are the group 1A elements called?
represented as ______-shaped. A: Alkali metal group
Q: An atom of strontium-90 (atomic number A: dumbbell
38) has how many neutrons and protons? Q: What are the group 2A elements called?
A: 52 neutrons and 38 protons (and 38 Q: Helium has two electrons in the 1s orbital. A: Alkali earth metals
electrons if neutral) When it becomes singly ionized, forming
He+, its spectrum resembles that of the Q: Ammonia will turn red litmus paper into
Q: What are the two naturally occurring _____ spectrum. ____.
isotopes of uranium? A: hydrogen A: blue
A: U-235 and U-238
Q: What set of quantum numbers is correct Q: A mass spectrometer may be used to
Q: It refers to the particle, if lost from the and consistent with n = 4? detect the presence of _____.
nucleus, will not result in a change in A: l = 1, ml = -3, ms = +1/2 A: isotopes
atomic number.
A: Neutron Excel Review Q: Which emission line in the hydrogen Q: An electropositive atom gives up ______.
Center spectrum occurs at the highest A: electrons
frequency?
Q: When alpha particles were shot at a metal A: n = 3 to n = 1 Q: Repulsion of 2 like pairs of electrons
foil target to probe the structure of the cause what angle?
atom, most particles passed through Q: The existence of discrete (quantized) A: 104.5 degrees
without any deflection in path. Some energy levels in an atom may be inferred
particles were deflected at large angles. from ______. Q: What are the properties of an ionic solid?
This indicated to Rutherford that atoms A: atomic line spectra A: Crystalline, low conductivity, conductivity
________. is solid is fused
A: were mostly empty space Q: An atom of Fe has two 4s electrons and
six 3d electrons. How many unpaired Q: What are the properties of covalent
Q: The energy of a photon is greatest in the electrons would there be in the Fe+ ion? solids?
case of _____. A: 4 A: Amorphous or crystalline, low
A: x-rays conductivity, low conductivity if fused
Q: The maximum number of electrons that
Q: The energy of a photon is weakest in the can occupy an orbital labeled dxy is ____. Q: Substances with high vapor pressures
case of ______. A: 2 have ____ surface tensions.
A: radio waves A: lower Excel Review Center
Q: What is the valence electron configuration
Q: An atom has a valence shell electron for the element in period 5, group 3A? Q: It refers to the moles of solute divided by
configuration on ns1. To which group of A: 5s25p1 the total moles of the solution.
elements in the periodic table does it A: Mole fraction
belong? Q: What significant information about atomic
A: Alkali metals structure came from the Millikan Q: An atom has a valence shell configuration
experiment using charged oil drops? of 1s1. To which group of elements on the
Q: The number of unpaired electrons in a A: Millikan determined the magnitude of the periodic table does it belong?
gaseous selenium atom is ____. charge of the electron A: 1a (alkali metals)
A: 2
Q: In effecting nuclear changes by Q: Electron configuration rule that states
Q: What ground state electron configuration bombarding target nuclei with positively- electrons do not pair until they have to.
is possible for an atom in the second charge alpha particles, it is necessary to A: Hund’s rule
period? accelerate these particles to high speed
A: 1s22s1 because it is necessary to ________. Q: An experimental phenomena associated
A: overcome the force of repulsion of the with atoms having unpaired electrons,
Q: Which electron transition in a hydrogen nucleus. which states such substances are
atom is associated with the largest attracted to magnetic fields.
emission of energy? Q: At atom of the element of atomic number A: Paramagnetism
A: n = 2 to n = 1 84 and mass number 199 emits an alpha
particle. The residual atom after this Q: What do the 4 quantum numbers stand
Q: In neutral atoms, there are equal numbers change has an atomic number of ___ and for?
of _______. a mass number of ____. A: n = energy level; l = (n – 1); ml (-l to l); mn
A: electrons and protons A: 82, 195 (1/2 or -1/2 or spin)

Q: Which element has an atomic number of Q: The element X occurs naturally to the Q: Two or more compounds with the same
24 and average atomic mass close to 56? extent of 20% X-12 and 80% X-13. What formula but a different arrangement of
A: Chromium is the atomic mass of element X? atoms in the molecule and different
A: 12.8 properties
Q: Protons and _____ have most of the A: isomer
mass of an atom but occupy very little of Q: When elements share the same number
the volume. of electrons, depending on varying Q: What makes up an alpha particle?
A: Neutrons isotopes, they are considered to be A: 2 protons and 2 neutrons
_____.

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Excel Review Center GEAS QA 2
Q: Two or more different physical forms Q: What is the distance from the nucleus to Q: The attraction that an atom exerts on a
which an element can exist (e.g. graphite, the outermost shell of an atom called? pair of electrons that is being shared with
charcoal and diamond are all _____ of A: Atomic radius another atom for forming covalent bond is
carbon) referred to as its _______.
A: allotropes Q: It refers to the electrons in the last shell of A: electronegativity
an atom.
Q: It refers to properties that do not depend A: Valence electrons Q: What is the difference between ions and
on the amount of matter present. atoms?
A: Extensive properties Q: It refers to the term used when the last A: size, configuration and presence of
shell of an atom has 8 electrons. charge
Q: It refers to the bond that would form A: Octet configuration
between an element with a low ionization Q: Why is a sodium Na+ ion smaller than a
energy and an element with a high Q: Is energy absorbed or released to remove sodium atom?
electron affinity. an electron from the valence shell of a A: Because a sodium atom has 11 electrons
A: Ionic bond neutral gaseous atom? while a sodium ion only has 10 electrons
A: Absorbed
Q: What does it mean when an element has Q: Which elements exhibits lowest ionization
a low ionization energy? Q: The discovery of _____ proved that potential?
A: It means that it can easily lose electrons. atoms of the same element may be A: Alkali metals
different from each other.
Q: It refers to substances with pH less than A: isotopes Q: The elements on the right side of the
7. period table are ______.
A: Acid Q: Experiments with the cathode rays A: non-metals
showed for the first time that atoms are
Q: What does it mean when an electron has ______. Q: Which elements exhibit the maximum
a high electron affinity? A: divisible ionization potential in a given period?
A: It means that it can easily accept A: Inert gases
electrons to form negative ions Q: The alpha scattering experiment showed
for the first time the existence of a _____ Q: It refers to a group of three elements
Q: It is the type of bond that results when in the atom. where the average atomic weights of the
both elements contribute electrons to form first and last elements is equal to the
a shared pair. A: nucleus with positive charge atomic weight of the middle element?
A: Covalent bonds A: Dobereiner’s Triads
Q: The ratio of charge to mass of neutron is
Q: Boyle’s Law: __. Q: What law states that properties of the
A: PV = constant Excel Review Center A: 0 elements are a periodic function of their
atomic masses?
Q: Charles’ Law: Q: Atoms with the same mass number but A: Mendeleev’s Perioidic Law
A: V/T = constant different atomic number are called _____.
A: isobars Q: It refers to the repetition of properties
Q: Gay-Lusaac’s Law: after specific intervals of elements in the
A: P/T = constant Q: Atoms with different mass number but the periodic table.
same atomic number are called _____. A: Periodicity
Q: Which of the following properties of an A: isotopes
element is a whole number? Q: Name three methods that can be used to
A: Atomic Number Q: Electrons in the orbit closest to the separate homogenous mixtures.
nucleus have the _____ energy. A: Chromatography, Crystallization,
Q: The atomic number and mass umber of A: least Distillation
an element are 26 and 56, respectively.
The number of neutrons in the nucleus Q: The configuration of helium is called Q: It is a method of splitting a substance by
will be: _____. the input of electrical energy and is often
A: 30 A: duplet configuration used to decompose a compound into its
elements.
Q: Rutherford’s alpha scattering experiment Q: In the periodic table, the element with A: Electrolysis
showed for the first time that the atom has atomic number 38 belongs to _____.
_____. A: Period 5 and Group 2A Q: It refers to the electrostatic forces of
A: nucleus attraction between oppositely charged
Q: What is the defect in Mendeleev’s ions.
Q: Sodium atom and sodium ion differ by Periodic Table? A: Ionic Bonding
_______. A: The position of isotopes
A: 1 electron Q: It refers to a covalent bond between two
Q: The elements of a group in the periodic atoms with different eletronegativities, so
Q: An element X has the same mass number table have the same _______. that the electron density is
and atomic number. This element must be A: number of valence electrons unsymmetrically distributed.
_____. A: Polar Bond
A: hydrogen Q: The third period of the periodic table
contains how many elements? Q: The volume of a gas is inversely
Q: Assuming the nucleus and atom to be A: 8 proportional to pressure provided that the
spheres such that the diameter of the temperature remains constant.
nucleus is of the order of 10-11 cm and Q: The tenth element in the periodic table A: Boyle’s Law
that of the atom is of the order of 10-8 cm, resembles the element with atomic
the ratio of the volumes of atom to number ___ and ____. Q: It refers to matter that do not have definite
nucleus is: A: 2, 54 form or structure.
A: 109 : 1 A: Amorphous
Q: Group number of elements in the periodic
Q: A neutral atom has a nucleus with a table indicates ______. Q: It refers to the enthalpy change
nuclear charge 13 times and mass 27 A: the number of electrons in the outermost associated with the condensation of
times that of a hydrogen nucleus. How shell gaseous positive and negative ion into a
many electrons would be present in the crystal.
stable positively charged ion? Q: The basis of the periodic law presented A: Lattice Energy
A: 13 by Mendeleev was _____.
A: atomic mass Q: Electrons occupy all the orbitals of a
Q: What is the pH level of toilet soap? given subshell singly before pairing
A: 10 Excel Review Center begins. This is known as ______.

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Excel Review Center GEAS QA 2
A: Hund’s Rule A: Sublimation Excel Review Center Q: According to the First Law of
Thermodynamics, what is the work done
Q: It refers to the scattering of light in Q: The triple point of water occurs when by the system in an isochoric process?
colloids. water can co-exist in its three forms: A: W = 0
A: Tyndall Effect liquid, gas and solid. This can happen at a
temperature of ____ and a water vapor Q: According to the First Law of
Q: What element is a requirement for organic pressure of _____. Thermodynamics, what is the work done
compounds? A: 273.16 degrees Celsius, 4.58 mmHg by the system in an isothermal process?
A: Carbon ⎛V ⎞
Q: For a resistance thermometer, what is the A: W = −nRTln ⎜ 2 ⎟ Excel Review Center
Q: If stress is placed on a system on relationship between the resistance of the ⎝ V1 ⎠
equilibrium whereby the equilibrium is thermometer and temperature?
altered, that change will take place which A: R is directly proportional to T Q: According to the First Law of
tends to relieve or neutralize the effect of Thermodynamics, what is the work done
the added stress. Q: What is the average kinetic energy in by the system in an adiabatic process?
A: Le Chatelier’s Principle electronvolts of a gas molecule at room 1
temperature? A: W = (
P V −PV
γ −1 2 2 1 1
)
Q: It refers to the energy possessed by a A: 0.038 eV
substance that allows it to be change into
Q: What are the processes involved in the
a new substance. Q: What is the SI unit of the Boltzmann
Carnot Cycle?
A: Chemical Energy Constant?
A: 2 isothermal processes and 2 adiabatic
A: J/K
processes
Q: If heat is absorbed by the system during a
chemical change, it is called ______. Q: What is the Boltzmann constant in eV per
Q: What are the processes involved in the
A: endothermic K?
Sterling Cycle?
A: 8.62x10-5 eV/K
A: 2 isothermal and 2 isochoric processes
Q: It is the calculation of both energy
balances and material balances in a Q: How many molecules are there in 1 cc of
Q: What are the processes involved in the
chemical system. air?
Otto Cycle?
A: Stoichiometry A: 2.5x1019 molecules
A: 2 adiabatic and 2 isochoric processes
Q: It is the energy change accompanying a Q: What is the average distance between
Q: What property of a thermodynamic
mole of electrons being added to a mole molecules in 1 cc of air?
system remains constant if no heat
of gaseous atoms or ions. A: 3.4x10-7 cm
enters/leaves the system but increase or
A: Electron affinity
decreases in value when a small amount
Q: What is the rms speed of a gas molecule
of heat is applied?
Q: It states that if a process can be written at a certain temperature?
A: Entropy
as the sum of several stepwise 3RT J
processes, the enthalpy change of the A: v rms = ; R = 8.314
MW mol⋅K Q: What refers to the amount of heat needed
total process is equal to the sum of the
to change the temperature of a unit mass
enthalpy changes of the various steps.
Q: What is the efficiency of an actual heat by a unit degree?
A: Hess Law
engine? A: Specific Heat or Specific Heat Capacity
Q: The refers to a process that separates the Q W
A: 1− c or out Q: Which of the Thermodynamic Laws talk
components of a mixture on the basis of Qh Qh
about thermal equilibrium?
differences in particle size.
A: Zeroth Law
A: Filtration
Q: What is the efficiency of a Carnot heat
engine or the maximum theoretical Q: If the temperature of a gas is held
Q: What element has the highest ionization
efficiency of an engine? constant, its volume varies inversely with
potential of its atom?
T absolute pressure. This is the ___ Law of
A: 1− c Excel Review Center Gases.
A: Polar Bond Th
A: Boyle’s (or Boyle’s Law)
Q: It refers to the minimum amount of Q: What is the ideal value of engine Q: It refers to the total energy stored in a
radioactive material needed to sustain a efficiency? system by virtue of the activity of all the
nuclear chain reaction. A: 1 or 100% molecules or the vibration of the atoms
A: Critical Mass
within the molecules.
Q: What is the ideal value of the coefficient A: Internal Energy
Q: _______ states that the partial pressure of performance for heat pumps and
of a solvent over a solution is given by the refrigerators Q: A heat engine is a device that converts
vapor pressure of the pure solvent times A: infinite heat into mechanical work. However, not
the mole fraction of the solvent in the
all of the heat absorbed by the engine is
solution. Q: What is the coefficient of performance of converted into work. The inefficiency of
A: Raoult’s Law a heat pump? engines is a statement of which law of
Qh Q thermodynamics?
Q: What is the specific heat capacity of water A: or h
Qh − Qc Win A: 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
in terms of BTU?
BTU BTU Q: “The quantity of the substance entering
A: 1 or 1 Q: What is the coefficient of performance of
lb − R lb − °F the system is equal to the substance
a refrigerator?
leaving the system.” This refers to which
Q: How much is 1 BTU in ft-lb, cal and J? Qc Q natural law?
A: or c
A: 1 BTU = 778 ft-lb = 252 cal = 1055 J Qh − Qc Win A: Law of Conservation of Mass

Q: What is the density of air at STP? Q: It refers to the amount of energy needed Q: What is the transfer of energy from the
A: 0.00129 g/cc to change a given mass of ice to water at more energetic particles of a substance to
constant temperature. the adjacent less energetic ones as a
Q: What is the specific heat capacity of air at A: Heat of fusion result of interactions between particles?
constant pressure? A: Conduction
cal Q: According to the First Law of
A: 0.238 Excel Review Center Q: It indicates that the rate of heat
g ⋅K Thermodynamics, what is the work done
by the system in an isobaric process? conduction is proportional to the
temperature gradient in that direction.
Q: Solid to gas change is phase refers to A: W = ∫ pdV = pΔV
A: Fourier’s Law of Heat Conduction
______.

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Excel Review Center GEAS QA 2
Q: It refers to the transfer of energy between A: nucleus Excel Review Center Q: The number of atoms and/or molecules in
a solid surface and the adjacent liquid or a mole of any substance is called ______.
gas that is in motion. Q: If system C is initially in thermal A: Avogadro’s number (6.022x1023
A: Convection equilbrium with system A and B, then A molecules/mole)
and B are also in thermal equilibrium with
Q: It refers to the energy emitted by the each other. This statement refers to Q: It is a process that is defines as one with
matter in the form of electromagnetic ________. no heat transfer into or out of a system, Q
waves as a result of the changes in the A: Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics = 0. This can be done by insulating the
electronic configurations of the atom or system or carrying out the process so
molecules. Q: Two systems are in thermal equilibrium if quickly that there in not enough
A: Radiation and only if they have the same ______. appreciable heat flow.
A: temperature A: Adiabatic process
Q: It states that energy can neither be
created nor destroyed. Q: A process carried out at constant Q: The internal energy of an ideal gas
A: 1st Law of Thermodynamics pressure. depends only on ______.
A: Isobaric A: temperature (it is not dependent on
m2 pressure or volume)
Q: kg ⋅ is the same as the unit ____. Q: It is the heat absorbed or given off by a
s3
substance that changes its temperature. Q: What is the ratio of the molar specific
A: watt
A: sensible heat heat capacity at constant pressure (cp) to
the molar specific heat capacity at
Q: The thermal energy of a system
Q: It is the heat absorbed or given off by a constant volume (cv) for an ideal
consisting of a thrown ball, Earth and the
substance that changes its phase without monoatomic gas?
air is most closely associated with _____.
changing the temperature. c
A: motions of individual particles within the A: γ = p = 1.67
A: latent heat
ball and the air cv
Q: What is the name of the temperature and
Q: What is the charge of a hydrogen atom? Q: What is the ratio of the molar specific
pressure conditions at which water can be
A: 0 Excel Review Center heat capacity at constant pressure (cp) to
in the solid, liquid and gas phases
simultaneously? the molar specific heat capacity at
Q: Alpha particles refer to the nuclei of constant volume (cv) for an ideal diatomic
A: Triple point
_____. gas?
A: Helium
Q: What is the relationship between the c
coefficient of volume expansion and the A: γ = p = 1.40 Excel Review Center
Q: Two light rays will interfere constructively cv
coefficient of linear expansion?
with maximum amplitude if the path
difference between them is _________. A: β = 3α
Q: It states that when heat is added to a
A: one wavelength system while the system does work, the
Q: Water, from 0 degrees Celsius up to 4
internal energy of the system changes by
Q: The idea that electrons revolved in orbits degrees Celsius, _____ in volume with
an amount equal to Q – W.
around the nucleus of an atom without increasing temperature.
A: : 1st Law of Thermodynamics
radiating energy away from the atom was A: decreases (coefficient of volume
postulated by ____. expansion is negative)
Q: All thermodynamic process that occur in
A: Bohr Excel Review Center nature are ________.
Q: Above 4 degrees Celsius, water _____
A: irreversible
Q: A system that can exchange neither when temperature increases.
matter nor energy with its surroundings. A: expands
Q: It is a device that takes in heat from a
A: isolated system cold place, has a work input and gives it
Q: At what temperature is the density of
off to a warmer place.
Q: It represents the exchange of energy water greatest?
A: Refrigerator
between a system and its surroundings. A: 4 degrees Celsius
A: work Q: “It is impossible for any system to
Q: What is the latent heat of fusion of water
undergo a process in which it absorbs
Q: A substance that losses electron during at normal atmospheric pressure?
heat from a reservoir at a single
an oxidation reduction process. A: 334x105 J/kg = 79.6 cal/g = 143 BTU/lb
temperature and converts the heat
A: reducing agent completely into mechanical work, with the
Q: What is the latent heat of vaporization of
system ending in the same state in which
Q: The ratio of the number of moles per liter water at normal atmospheric pressure?
it began”
of a solution. A: 2.256x106 J/kg = 539 cal/g = 970 BTU/lb
A: 2nd law of Thermodynamics (Kelvin-
A: molarity Planck Statement)
Q: What is the rate of heat transfer through
Q: What color in the visible light has the radiation (Stefan-Boltzmann Law)?
Q: “It is impossible for any process to have
longest wavelength? Q as its sole result the transfer of heat from
A: = σeAT4
A: Red t a cooler body to a hotter body”)
A: 2nd law of Thermodynamics (Clausius
Q: An ice cube is floating in water contained Q: What is the emissivity of a black body? Statement)
in a beaker. When the ice melts, what will A: e = 1
happen to the level of water in the Q: A gasoline engine operating on the _____
beaker? Q: What is the rate of heat transfer through cycle has a theoretical maximum thermal
A: It will remain the same. conduction? efficiency that depends on the
Q ΔT compression ratio r and the ratio of heat
Q: An ice cube is floating in a denser liquid A: = kA Excel Review Center
t L 1
contained in a beaker. The liquid is capacitities ( e = 1− γ −1 )
completely filling the beaker up to the r
brim. What happens when the ice melts? Q: What is the value of the ideal gas A: Otto
A: Water will overflow. constant in SI units?
J Q: According to the 2nd law of
A: 8.314472 Thermodynamics, the entropy of an
Q: A watt-second is a unit of ____. mol⋅K
A: energy isolated system, which is a quantitative
measure of the disorder of the system,
Q: One ____ is the amount of substance that
Q: A kilowatt-hour is a unit of ____. may _____ but never _____.
contains as many elementary particles as
A: work A: increase,decrease
there are atoms in 12 g of carbon-12.
A: mole
Q: Rutherford’s alpha scattering experiment
is related to the size of the _______.
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