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DOLEXPERT – GEOTECHNIKA

consulting engineers specialised on numerical modelling in geomechanics long-term experience in solving complex geotechnical problems of civil engineering, hydraulic engineering and mining industry using advanced numerical analysis

INTERACTIVE USE OF NUMERICAL MODELS AND FIELD MEASUREMENTS FOR SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF DAMS

Simulation of construction of the dam, filling of the reservoir and operation according to the archival documents

Calibration of 2D and 3D dam models according to the characteristic measurement stages and quantities

Application of the calibrated models to interpretation of the measurement results, discover the possible failure mechanisms, assessment of cracking and hydraulic fracturing hazard (of clay cores), stability assessment of the dam, prediction of displacements and of the expected performance of the dam, proposal for reconstruction

Computational software for solving coupled mechanical- hydraulic, mechanical- thermal and viscoplastic problems of continuum (CRISP-PATH, FLAC) and discontinuum mechanics (UDEC, PFC)

DOLEXPERT – GEOTECHNIKA

Dr. Marta Dolezalova, Honorary Professor Nad Belvederem 3, 148 00 Prague, Czech Republic Tel.: +420 241 482 668 E-mail: dolexpert@volny.cz www.dolexpert.cz

ZERMANICE DAM (36m), 1958

u x [m] 0.198E-01 0.178E-01 0.158E-01 0.139E-01 0.119E-01 0.990E-02 0.792E-02 0.594E-02 0.396E-02 0.198E-02 z
u x [m]
0.198E-01
0.178E-01
0.158E-01
0.139E-01
0.119E-01
0.990E-02
0.792E-02
0.594E-02
0.396E-02
0.198E-02
z
-0.198E-06
x

Horizontal displacements induced by the first filling of the reservoir

60 Block 1-1' on weak marly 50 shales 40 Block 2-2' on teschenite 30 20
60
Block 1-1' on weak marly
50
shales
40
Block 2-2' on teschenite
30
20
10
measured
3D model
[date]
0
sp .H
zo no tr
ai
[dl
m mi
]l

1960

1980

2000

y Comparison of measured and computed

horizontal displacements (years 1960 - 2000) of

sections of Zermanice Dam on weak marly shale 1-1' and hard teschenite 2-2'

295,60 m n.m. 290,60 m n.m. FS = 2,5
295,60 m n.m.
290,60 m n.m.
FS = 2,5

Failure of the dam section on marly shale 1-1' along a deep located slip surface (2D model, FS - factor of safety)

BYSTRICKA DAM (36,5m), 1909

BYSTRICKA DAM (36,5m), 1909 Separation of the facing from the masonry a) -7.000 -5.000 -3.000 -1.000

Separation of the facing from the masonry

a) -7.000 -5.000 -3.000 -1.000 1.000 3.000 5.000 7.000
a)
-7.000
-5.000
-3.000
-1.000
1.000
3.000
5.000
7.000
b) -7.000 -5.000 -3.000 -1.000 1.000 3.000 5.000 7.000
b)
-7.000
-5.000
-3.000
-1.000
1.000
3.000
5.000
7.000

Deformation of the crest of the masonry increase (a) and decrease (b)

Bystricka

Dam due to

the temperature

SANCE DAM (60m), 1969

smp 2 smp 1
smp 2
smp 1
smp 3 smp - slip surface smp 4
smp 3
smp - slip surface
smp 4
MOSTISTE DAM (28,5m), 1960 Slip surfaces due to an improper reconstruction process FS = 1,35
MOSTISTE DAM (28,5m), 1960
Slip surfaces due to an improper reconstruction
process
FS = 1,35
smp1
smp3
y smp2
x
FS - factor of safety
z
smp - slip surface

Possible failure modes of the dam resulting from FEM stability analyses