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Diffusion and Osmosis 28/09/2018

DIFFUSION AND
OSMOSIS
Topic 3.2 pg. 61-67

Without it, our cells can’t do their thing!

Recall! The cell Cell Membrane

Role: To control what enters and


exits the cell

A. Di Lallo CRHS 2018 1


Diffusion and Osmosis 28/09/2018

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Cell Membrane
Allows inputs (what enters
the cell) and outputs (what
exists the cell) to move.

Vital in diffusion and


osmosis, as substances move
through it.

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Purpose of Diffusion and Osmosis


To re-establish concentration equilibrium.

Concentration: Amount of Equilibrium: Two sides


a particular substance of a barrier are balanced
(solute) dissolved in a
solvent (usually water)

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Diffusion and Osmosis 28/09/2018

Which side in the following image is more concentrated?


A B

More solute = More


concentrated

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Concentration
Solute: What is dissolved.
Solvent: What is doing the dissolving
(usually water)

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Diffusion and Osmosis 28/09/2018

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Diffusion: solute moving

• High concentration to low concentration


• NO CHANGE IN CELL SIZE

pg 63
High solute
concentration
Solute concentrations
outside cell
equal
=
=
Solute goes in cell
Equilibrium reached

High solute
concentration Solute concentrations
inside cell equal
= =
Solute leaves cell Equilibrium reached

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Diffusion and Osmosis 28/09/2018

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Osmosis: solvent (water) moving

• Solute can’t move, so water moves to re-establish equilibrium


• Low concentration to high concentration
• CELL EITHER SHRINKS OR SWELLS

pg 65

High solute Solute concentrations


concentration outside equal
cell =
= Equilibrium reached
Solvent goes out cell Cell shrinks

High solute Solute concentrations


concentration inside equal
cell =
= Equilibrium reached
Solvent goes in cell Cell swells

A. Di Lallo CRHS 2018 5