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AUTOTRONICS

Subject Title : AUTOTRONICS


Sem : VI
Subject Code : A
Hours Per Week : 04
Hours Per Semester : 64

TOPIC ANALYSIS
SL. Hours Weightage of
Major Topics
No Allotted Marks
1 Autotronics 12 30
2 Sensors & Actuators 12 30
3 Electronically controlled fuel supply system 12 30
4 Electronic steering 04 09
5 Antilock Brakes 04 10
6 Electronic Suspension system 04 09
7 Safety system 04 09
8 Automotive Instrumentation 08 18
7 Tests & Revisions 04 -
Total 64 145

GENERAL EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

1.0 Understand the basics of Autotronics.


2.0 Know the working of sensors and actuators used in vehicle control.
3.0 Understand the working of electronic fuel supply system.
4.0 Understand the working electronic steering system.
5.0 Describe the details of anti-lock braking system.
6.0 Understand the working of electronic suspension system.
7.0 Describe the details of air bag system.
8.0 Understand the computer based automotive instrumentation system.
CONTENT DETAILS

1.0 Autotronics
Importance of Autotronics-definition of mechatronics- architecture of mechatranics –
system-measurement, open loop and closed loop control system. - signal conditioning-
interfacing-analog and digital signals- conversion of analog to digital conversion.-difference
between conventional and mechatronics system.

2.0 Sensors and Actuators


Sensors –variable resistance sensor, pickup coil type sensor, Hall Effect switch,
piezoelectric knock sensor, throttle position sensor, MAP sensor, MAF sensor and
Actuators.

3.0 Electronically controlled fuel supply system


Electronic fuel injection system-classification-electronic fuel injectors-electronic diesel
injection system, electronic unit injector, electro hydraulic diesel injector.

4.0 Electronic steering.


Electronic power steering –electronic rack and pinion power steering, electronic four wheel
steering.

5.0 Anti-lock brakes.


Antilock brakes –classification and advantages.

6.0 Electronic suspension


Electronic suspension and its advantages.

7.0 Safety system


Air bags, collision avoidance system and low pressure warning system.

8.0 Automotive instrumentation


Different automobile measurement systems, trip computer, Global position navigation
system.
SPECIFIC INSTRUCTION OBJECTIVES:

1.0 Autotronics
1.1 Introduction to autotronics. 1
1.2 Define Mechatronics. 1
1.3 Introduction to signal conditioning. 1
1.4 Explain Interfacing with a microprocessor. 1
1.5 List steps involved in signal processing. 1
1.6 Introduction to analog and digital signals. 1
1.7 Understand the process of converting decimal number system to binary number system
conversion using two bit, three bit and four bits. 1
1.8 Explain the process of analog to digital conversion. 1
1.9 Explain with block diagram the general architecture of mechatronics system. 1
1.10 Define system related to autotronics. 1
1.11 With the help of block diagram explain measurement system. 1
1.12 Explain with the block diagram open loop control system. 1
1.13 Explain with the block diagram closed loop control system. 1
1.14 Advantages & disadvantages of open loop control system & closed loop control system. 1
1.15 Difference or comparison of conventional & mechatronic system. 1

2.0 Sensors and Actuators


2.1 Define sensor. 2
2.2 Explain the basic working principle of variable resistance type sensor with a sketch. 2
2.3 Explain with a sketch the working of crankshaft position sensor (electromagnetic
Type). 2
2.4 Explain with a sketch the working of ABS sensor (electromagnetic type). 2
2.5 Explain the working principle of Hall – effect sensor with neat sketch. 2
2.6 Explain the working of optical sensor with neat sketch. 2
2.7 Explain the piezoelectric combustion knock sensor with a neat sketch. 2
2.8 Explain the working of variable resistance type throttle position sensor. 2
2.9 Describe with a neat sketch the working of temperature sensor. 2/3
2.10 Describe with a neat sketch the working of ride height control sensor. 2/3
2.11 Explain with a neat sketch the Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor (variable
resistance type). 2/3
2.12 Explain with a neat sketch the working of exhaust gas oxygen sensor. 2/3
2.13 List types of mass air flow (MAF) sensors. 2/3
2.14 Explain hot wire type and hot film type MAF sensors with sketches. 2/3
2.15 Introduction to Actuators. 2/3

3.0 Electronically controlled fuel supply system


3.1 Explain the draw backs of carbureted fuel feed system. 4
3.2 Introduction to electronic fuel injection system. 4
3.3 Classify electronic fuel injection system in petrol engines based on position of Injectors. 4/5
3.4 Mention the classification of injection system in petrol engines based on duration and
timing of fuel injection. 4/5
3.5 Mention the classification of injection system in petrol engines based on number of fuel
injection. 4/5
3.6 Mention the classification of injection system in petrol engines based on control method.4/5
3.7 Explain single point injection. 4/5
3.8 Explain multi point injection with a complete layout. 4/5
3.9 Explain construction & working of petrol injectors. 4/5
3.10 State advantages of electronic fuel injection system over carburetor system. 4/5
3.11 Introduction to electronic diesel injection system. 4/5
3.12 List the methods of electronic diesel injection control. 6/2
3.13 Explain electronically controlled injection pump ( inline & distributor pump). 6/2
3.14 Explain electronically controlled unit injector. 6/2
3.15 Explain common rail fuel injection system with layout diagram. 6/2
3.16 Explain construction & working of electro hydraulic injector used in CRDI system. 6/2

4.0 Electronic steering


4.1 Explain the draw backs of conventional type steering. 7
4.2 Introduction to electronically controlled power steering. 7
4.3 Explain working of electronic rack & pinion power steering. 7
4.4 Explain working of electronically controlled four wheel steering with block diagram. 7
4.5 State the Advantages of electronic power steering. 7

5.0 Antilock Brakes


5.1 Introduction to Antilock braking system. 7
5.2 State classification of antilock braking system. 7
5.3 Explain working of four chamber antilock braking system with block diagram 7
5.4 Advantages of Antilock Braking System. 7
6.0 Electronic Suspension system
6.1 Introduction to electronically controlled suspension system. 7
6.2 Explain electronically controlled suspension system with a block diagram. 7
6.3 Advantages of electronic suspension system. 7

7.0 Safety system


7.1 State the purpose of airbags. 2
7.2 Explain airbag system with block diagram. 2
7.3 Explain collision avoidance warning system with block diagram. 2
7.4 Explain low tyre pressure warning system with block diagram. 2

8.0 Automotive Instrumentation


8.1 Introduction to computer based automotive instruments. 2
8.2 Explain computer based instrumentation system with block diagram. 2
8.3 Explain electronically operated vehicle speed measuring system. 2
8.4 Explain engine coolant temperature measuring system with block diagram. 2
8.5 Explain fuel quantity measuring system with block diagram. 2
8.6 Explain trip information computer. 2
8.7 List types of navigation system used in automobiles. 2
8.8 Explain GPS navigation system used in automobiles. 2

REFERENCE BOOKS:

1 Mechatronics - Prof C R Venkataramana


- Sapna publications
2 Understanding Automotive electronics - William Ribbens.
3 Automotive computer control - Allan.W.Bonnick.
4 Automobile Engineering vol 2 - Kripal Singh
5 Automobile enginnering Vol I - Anil chikara
6 I C engines - V Ganesan
7 Automotive mechanics 10thEdi - W H Crouse and Anglin
8 Automobile electrical and electronic systems - Tom Denton.
9. Truck engines Fuel& computerized management - Sean Bennett
systems CENGAGE Learning.

NOTE: The numbers against specific instructional objectives indicate the serial number
of book in the reference book list.
MODEL QUESTION PAPER

NOTE: 1. Section I is compulsory.


2. Answer any two questions from SECTION II, III, IV

SECTION I
Qno:1 a. Fill in the blanks with appropriate words. 1x5=5
1. In the elements with negative temperature co-efficient the resistance--------
as temperature increases.
2. A computer understands -------------type of electrical signals.
3. The sensor used to measure the mass of air passing through manifold
is------------.
4. By using a four wheel steering -----------can be reduced.
5. Electro hydraulic diesel injectors are used in ----------system.
b. Explain the necessity of signal processing. 05

SECTION II
Qno:2 a. Explain Interfacing with a microprocessor with a block diagram 05
b. Explain the process of analog to digital conversion. 07
c. State the advantages of digital signals. 03

Qno:3. a. Explain with block diagram the general architecture of mechatronics system. 05
b. Explain with the block diagram open loop control system. 05
c. State the advantages of mechatronics system over conventional system 05

Qno:4 a. Explain with a sketch the working of electromagnetic type crankshaft position
sensor. 05
b. Explain the working principle of Hall – effect sensor with neat sketch. 05
c. Explain with a neat sketch the working of exhaust gas oxygen sensor 05

SECTION III
Qno:5 a. Explain the piezoelectric combustion knock sensor with a neat sketch. 05
b. Explain the working principle of Hall – effect sensor with neat sketch. 05
c. Explain hot wire type MAF Sensor. 05

Qno:6 a. State the draw backs of carbureted fuel feed system 05


b. Explain multi point injection with a complete layout 05
c. State advantages of multi point fuel injection system over single point injection
system. 05

Qno:7 a. Explain construction & working of electro hydraulic injector used in CRDI system
10
b. Explain construction & working of petrol injectors 05

SECTION IV
Qno:8 a. Explain working of four chamber antilock braking system with block diagram. 10
b. State the Advantages of electronic power steering 05

Qno:9 a. Explain working of electronic rack & pinion power steering with a sketch. 10
b. Explain airbag system with block diagram. 05

Qno:10 a. Explain collision avoidance warning system with block diagram 10


b. Explain computer based instrumentation system with block diagram 05