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PART I Answer:

1. The Department of Education gives greater 7. Virtue as one component in the teaching of Rizal
emphasis on the development of basic skills. What is as a course focuses on the teaching of good and
the philosophical basis for this? beauty consistent with the good and beauty in God.
a. Essentialism What philosophy supports this?
b. Existentialism a. Existentialism
c. Perennialism b. Idealism
d. Pragmatism c. Progressivism
Answer: d. Social Reconstructionism
2. Teacher M views his students as unique, free-
choosing and responsible individuals. All classroom
activities revolve around the said premise. What 8. Giving education the highest budgetary allocation,
theory underlies this? the Philippine government recognizes the possible
a. Essentialism contribution of its future citizens to the national
b. Existentialism development goals of the Philippine society. Which
c. Progressivism stressed this goal of education for social
d. Realism transformation?
Answer: a. Athenian education
b. Followers of Christ
3. Religious rituals in the classroom and in the c. Greek education
school programs prove the deep natural religiosity d. Roman education
of the Filipinos. Which philosophy has greatly Answer:
contributed to the tradition?
a. Buddhism 9. The progressivists emphasized the individuality
b. Confucianism of the child. What is the concern of the
c. Hinduism reconstructionists?
d. Islam a. Experiential learning
Answer: b. Socialization
c. Social problem
4. In order to make Roman education truly Answer:
utilitarian, how should the day-to-day lessons be
taught? 10. One of the following quotations does not
a. Taught in the students' native dialect conform to the Christian doctrine of Education for
b. Taught interestingly through the play way Humanitarianism. Which one is it?
method a. Do unto others as you would like others do unto
c. Related and linked to the events happening in you
everyday life b. Love they neighbor as thyself
d. Practiced at home under the guidance of their c. Not on bread alone is man to live but on every
respective parents. utterance that comes from mouth of God
Answer: d. Whatever good things we do to our poor, helpless
brothers, we do it for God.
5. Which influenced the military training Answer:
requirements among students in the secondary and
tertiary levels? 11. Scouting and Citizen's Army Training (CAT) give
a. Chinese training in character-building, citizenship training,
b. Greeks etc. Which leads to the creation of a new social
c. Orientals order and a new society eventually. What philosophy
d. Romans supports this?
Answer: a. Existentialism
b. Perennialism
6. Which philosophy has the educational objective c. Progressivism
to indoctrinate Filipinos to accept the teachings of d. Social reconstructionism
the Catholic church which is foster faith in God? Answer:
a. Realism
b. Pragmatism 12. Teacher V demonstrated the technique on how
c. Idealism to group students according to their needs and
interests and how to use self-paced instructional children, sing, plan, learn and introduce themselves
materials. Which philosophy is manifested in this to the class. What process did the teacher
activity? emphasize?
a. Essentialism a. Acculturation
b. Progressivism b. Enculturation
c. Realism c. Indoctrination
d. Social Reconstructionism d. Socialization
Answer: Answer:

13. Teacher G, a Christian Living teacher, puts so 18. Which program in the educational system seems
much significance on values development and to be aligned to the Christian humanitarian principle
discipline. What could be her educational respect for the human personality?
philosophy? a. The alternative learning system delivery
a. Idealism b. The functional literacy program for the out-of-
b. Pragmatism school youth and adults
c. Progressivism c. The promotion of the basic human rights of the
d. Realism Filipino
Answer: d. The study of the Philippine Constitution
14. Which one does not illustrate the principle that
rights and duties are correlative? 19. With a death threat over his head, Teacher Liza
a. The right of an unmarried pregnant teacher to is directed to pass an undeserving student, if she is
abort her baby in relation to her duty to protect a hedonist, which of the following will she do?
her name and her job as a teacher a. Don't pass him, live her principle of justice. She
b. The right of a state to compel students to will get reward, if not in this life, in the next.
military service is reciprocated by the duty of the b. Don't pass him. She surely will not like someone
state to protect them. to give you a death threat in order to pass.
c. The right to a living wage involves the duty of the c. Pass the student. That will be of use to her, the
school administrators to give the salary agreed upon student and his parents.
and the duty of the teachers to give a fair amount d. Pass the student. Why suffer the threat?
of work. Answer:
d. The right to life of children and to be given
respect of such right. 20. Which philosophy approves a teacher who
Answer: lectures most of the time and requires his students
to memorize the rules of grammar?
15. Why should a teacher take the obligation upon a. Existentialism
himself to study and understand the custom and b. Idealism
traditions of the community where he works? c. Pragmatism
a. To change the culture of the community. d. Realism
b. To have a sympathetic attitude for the people of Answer:
the community.
c. To identify the weaknesses of the culture of the 21. In a student conducted, the pupils were asked
community. which nationality they would prefer if given a
d. To please the people of the community. choice. Majority of the pupils wanted to be
Answer: Americans. In this case, in which obligation relative
to the state are schools seemed to be failing?
16. A teacher who is a recognized expert in a. Instill allegiance to the constitutional authorities
carpentry works, taught his students how to b. Promote national pride
prepare and construct good and aesthetic furniture c. Promote obedience to the laws of the state
from local resources. What cultural transmission d. Respect for all duly constituted authorities.
process is this? Answer:
a. Acculturation
b. Enculturation 22. Which subject in the elementary and likewise in
c. Indoctrination the secondary schools are similar to the goal of
d.Observation Rome to train the students for citizenship?
Answer: a. Communication ARts
17. Every first day of the school year, Miss Reyes c. Science
prepared activities which will make her Grade 2 d. THE/TLE
Answer: 4. What philosophy is related to the practice of
schools acting as laboratory for teaching reforms
23. Which of the following schools practices is not and experimentation?
based on Social Reconstructionism? a. Essentialism
a. Establishment of SDF b. Existentialism
b. Exemption of Scouts from CAT c. Progressivism
c. Promoting culture and arts in schools d. Social Reconstructionism
d. Promoting project WOW Answer: C
5. Which of the following situations presents a
24.Which of the following is the focus of the value conflict?
Japanese education in the Philippines? a. The teacher and his students have class standing
a. Democratic ideals and nationalism as their priorities.
b. Love and service to one's country b. The teacher and the administrator follow a set of
c. Religion and love for Asian brothers criteria in giving grades.
d. Vocational and health education c. The teacher has students whose parents want
their children to obtain higher grades than what
they are capable of getting.
25. According to reconstructionism, the goal of d. The teacher sets high expectations for
education is to bring about a new social order. intelligent students such as getting higher grades.
Which practice best manifests this view? Answer: C
a. The class conducts scientific experiments to
discover or verify concepts. 6. Which situation shows that a sense of nationhood
b. The class discusses role models and their impact is exemplified?
on society. a. The class conducted a debate using Filipino as
c. The class allowed to engage in divergent thinking. medium
d. The class undertakes well-planned projects in the b. The class is required to watch the TV sitcom of
community. Oprah to improve their English communication skills.
Answer: c. The class opted to make a choral rendition of the
theme song of a foreign movie.
PART II d. When Teacher Chris asked her Grade 2 students
in what country they wish to live, most of them
1. Teacher A, a Values Education teacher chose United States.
emphasizes ethics in almost all her lessons. Which Answer: A
of the following emphasizes the same?
a. Liberal Education 7. A teacher who believes in the progressivist
b. Moral Education theory of education would embrace certain reforms
c. Religious Training on methodology. Which reform would be consistent
d. Social Education with this theory?
Answer: a. Active participation of teachers
b. Formal instructional pattern
2. Which reform in the Philippine Educational c. Strict external discipline
System advocates the use of English and Filipino as d. Teacher domination of class activities
media of instruction in specific learning areas? Answer: A
a. Alternative Learning
b. Bilingual Education
c. K-12 Program 8. What philosophy of education advocates that the
d. Multilingual Education curriculum should only include universal and
Answer: B unchanging truths?
a. Essentialism
3. Activities planned by school clubs/ organizations b. Idealism
show school-community connection geared towards c. Perennialism
society's needs. What philosophy is related to this? d. Pragmatism
a. Existentialism Answer: C
b. Progressivism
c. Realism 9. Which of the following is not a function of the
d. Social reconstructionism school?
Answer: D a. Changing cultural practices
b. Development of attitudes and skills
c. Reproduction of species the philosophy of education?
d. Socialization among children a. Reconsider existing educational goals in the light
Answer: C of society's needs
b. Provide the academic background prerequisite to
10. Which move liberalized access to education learning
during Spanish period? c. Define the goals and set the direction for which
a. The education of illiterate parents education is to strive
b. The establishment of at least one primary school d. Aid the learner to build his own personal
for boys and girls in each municipality philosophy
c. The hiring of tribal tutors to teach children Answer: C
d. The provision of vocational training for school age
children 17. Homeroom advisers always emphasize the
Answer: B importance of cleanliness of the body. Children are
taught how to wash their hands before and after
11. Which of the following is the chief aim of eating. What is this practice called?
Spanish education? a. Folkway
a. Conformity and militarism b. Laws
b. Perpetuation of culture c. Mores
c. Propagation of the Catholic religion d. Social norm
d. Utilitarianism and conformity Answer: D
Answer: C
18. Which curricular move served to strengthen
12. Which of the following is the aim of our spiritual and ethical values?
education during the Commonwealth period? a. Integration of creative thinking in all subject
a. Designed after Japanese education b. Introduction of Values education as a separate
b. Patterned after the American curriculum subject area
c. Predominantly religious c. Reducing the number of subject areas into skill
d. Purely nationalistic and democratic subject
Answer: D d. Re-introducing science as a subject in Grade 1
Answer: B
13. Which of the following is not a reason why the
basic education curriculum has been restructured? 19. The greatest happiness lies in the contemplative
a. To become globally competitive during this use of mind, said Plato. Which of the following
industrial age activities adheres to this?
b. To be relevant and responsive to a rapidly a. Cooperative learning
changing world b. Instrospection
c. To empower the Filipino learners for self- c. Role Playing
development throughout their life. d. Social Interaction
d. To help raise the achievement level of students Answer: B
Answer: D
20. Your teacher is of the opinion that the word and
14. Which philosophy of education influence the everything in it are ever changing and so teaches
singing of the National Anthem in schools? you the skill to cope with the changes. Which in his
a. Nationalism governing philosophy?
b. Naturalism a. Experimentalism
c. Pragmatism b. Existentialism
d. Socialism c. Idealism
Answer: A d. Realism
Answer: A
15. Who among the following believes that learning
requires disciplined attention, regular homework, 21. Teacher Myra says: "If it is billiard that brings
and respect for legitimate authority? students out of the classroom, let us bring it into
a. Essentialist the classroom. Perhaps, I can use it to teach Math".
b. Progressivist To which philosophy does teacher Myra adheres to?
c. Realist a. Essentialism
d. Reconstructionist b. Idealism
Answer: A c. Progressivism
d. Reconstructionism
16. Which of the following is the main function of Answer: C
22. Which of the following should be done to build a
sense of pride among Filipino youth?
a. Replace the study of folklores and myths with
technical subjects
b. Re-study our history and stress on our
achievements as people
c. Re-study our history from the perspective of our
d. Set aside the study of local history
Answer: B

23. A teacher who subscribes to the pragmatic

philosophy of education believes that experience
study should follow learning in her teaching. Which
of the following does she do to support her belief?
a. Encouraging learners to memorize factual
b. Equipping learners with the basic abilities and
c. Providing learners opportunities to apply theories
and principles
d. Requiring learners full master of the lesson.
Answer: C

24. Which philosophy influenced the cultivation of

reflective and meditative skills in teaching?
a. Confucianism
b. Existentialism
c. Taoism
d. Zen Buddhism
Answer: D

25. Which of the following situation manifests a

balance between teachers responsibility and
a. She entertains her students with personal stories
until the end of the period.
b. She spends most of the time on the latest
gossips in showbiz.
c. She teaches as much as she could for duration of
the period.
d. She teaches as well as entertains the students
with per personal stories.
Answer: C
Child and Adolescent a. Development
PART I b. Growth
c. Learning
1. Dr. Escoto, the school physician conducted a d. Maturation
physical examination in Ms. Manuel's class. What Answer: A
concept best describes the quantitative increase
observed by Dr. Escoto among learners in terms of 7. Which of the following theory can help Miss
height and weight? Samson determine the readiness of her learners by
a. Development administering a readiness test?
b. Growth a. Conditioning Theories
c. Learning b. Cognitive Development Theory
d. Maturation c. Maturation Theory
Answer: B d. Ethological Theory
Answer: C
2. Which situation best illustrates the concept of
a. A kinder pupil gains 2 pounds within two months. 8. Mr. Francisco was very much worried about the
b. A high school student gets a score of 85 in thumb sucking of his son. A friend of him says that
mental ability test. certain behavior among infants. Who presented
c. An education student has gained knowledge on that notion that certain behavior like thumb-sucking
approaches and strategies in teaching different is normal behavior?
subjects A. Sigmund Freud
d. An elementary grader has learned to play piano. b. Erick Ericson
Answer: A c. John Bowlly
d. Urie Bronfrenbenner
3. Which statements below best describes Answer: A
a. A high school student's height increased by 5'2" 9. A newborn infant move his whole body at one
to 5'4" time, instead of moving a part of it. Which of the
b. A high school student's change in weight from following principles is illustrated by his behavior?
110 lbs. to 125 lbs. a. Development proceeds from specific to general.
c. A student had learned to operate the computer b. Development proceeds from general to specific.
d. A student's enlargement of hips c. Development follows an orderly pattern.
Answer: C d. Development follows a general pattern.
Answer: B
4. What concept can best describes Francisco's
ability to walk without a support at age of 12 10. Train up a child in the way he should be; when he
months because of the "internal ripening" that grows up, he will not depart from it. Which principle
occured in his muscles, bones and nervous system supports this?
development? a. Development is determined by his heredity
a. Development b. Development is determined by the environment
b. Growth c. Early development is more critical than the late
c. Learning development
d. Maturation d. Early development is less critical than late
Answer: D development.
Answer: B
5. Teacher Jesus in now 69 years old has been
observing changes in himself such as the aging 11. Which state of the psycho-sexual theory does
process. Which term refers to the development young boys experience rivalry with their father for
change in the individual? their mother's attention and affection?
a. Development a. Oral
b. Growth b. Anal
c. Learning c. Phallic
d. Maturation d. Latency
Answer: D Answer: C

6. Manuel, a five-year old boy can hold his pen and 12. Angela focuses her attention on the school work
write his name with his right hand. Which term and vigorous play that consume most of her physical
describes Manuel's action/ behavior? energy. Which stage of psychosexual theory
illustrates her behavior? father showing love and affection to her mother.
a. Oral Which of the following is she showing according to
b. Anal Freud?
c. Phallic a. Complex
d. Latency b. Phallic
Answer: D c. Electra Complex
d. Oedipus Complex
13. Which of the following is likely to be developed Answer: C
if infants are shown genuine affection?
a. Trust 19. In Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development,
b. Autonomy which of the following statements would illustrate
c. Initiative Edward who is 11 years old?
d. Industry a. Able to see relationships and to reason in the
Answer: A abstract.
b. Unable to breakdown a whole into separate parts.
14. Christian develops an integral and coherent c. Differentiates goals and goal-directed activities.
sense of self. He seeks answers to the question. d. Experiments with methods to reach goals.
"Who am I"? Which of the following is Christian Answer: A
likely to develop?
a. Initiative 20. Trisha goes with her mother in school. She
b. Identity and Role Confusion enjoys the workplace of her mother. Which of the
c. Intimacy following ecological theories is illustrated by the
d. Autonomy situation?
Answer: B a. Microsystem
b. Mesosystem
15. Ms. Reyes uses images and language to represent c. Exosystem
and understand her various lessons to preschool d. Macrosystem
learners. What stage in the cognitive theory of Answer: C
development explains this?
a. Sensorimotor 21. Lito, a student in secondary level tends to spend
b. Preoperational more time with his friends and his family, thus, his
c. Concrete operation behavior is greatly affected by them. In which
d. Formal operation stage in the Psychosocial Stages of Development
Answer: B does Lito belong?
a. Autonomous vs Shame and Doubt
16. Connie develops concepts necessary for b. Identity vs. Role Confusion
everyday living, builds healthy attitudes towards c. Intimacy vs. Isolation
oneself, and achieve personal independence. These d. Initiative vs. Guilt
are among the attributes of an individual in what Answer: D
particular stage?
a. Infancy and early childhood 22. Anna believes that authority is respected. She
b. Middle childhood is now in what particular level in moral development
c. Adolescence theory of Lawrence Kholberg?
d. Early adulthood a. Social contract
Answer: B b. Law and order orientation
c. Interpersonal concordance
17. Some children are more active than others, as d. Universal ethics orientation
everyone knows-extremely highlevels of activity or Answer: A
hyperactivity are considered problematic. How may
a teacher help a child who is hyperactive? 23. What level has a four year old learner like
a. Make him the leader of the class Maryann reached when she acquired new skills such
b. Transfer him to another class as putting the same shapes and the same colors
c. Give him challenging activities that are together?
appropriate to his ability level and interests. a. Development
d. Allow him to spend longer at the playground until b. Maturation
he gets tired. c. Zone of Proximal Development
Answer: C d. Learning
Answer: C
18. Tessa gets jealous whenever she sees her
24. Which of the following principles can be the b. Anal stage, oral stage, phallic stage, latency
basis of the growing realization of the significance stage, genital stage
of the early childhood education? c. Oral stage, anal stage, genital stage, latency
a. The young children are capable of doing many stage, phallic stage
things at an early stage. d. Anal stage, oral stage, genital stage, latency
b. The child should be seen and should learn. stage, phallic stage
c. The first five years of life are the formative Answer: A
years of the child.
d. Early childhood experiences can be interesting 5. What is the best description of Erickson's
and challenging. psychosocial theory of human development?
Answer: B a. Eight crises all people are thought to lace
b. Four psychosocial stages in latency period
25. Which of the following learner's characteristics c. The same number of stages as Freud's, but with
will affect most of the learners learning in the different names
academic class? d. A stage theory that is not psychoanalytic
a. His affective characteristics Answer: A
b. His cognitive characteristics
c. His psychomotor characteristics 6. In Erickson's theory, what is the unresolved
d. His socio-emotional characteristics crisis of an adult who has difficulty establishing a
secure, mutual relationship with a life partner?
PART II a. Initiative vs. Guilt
b. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
1. Which of the following is true about human c. Intimacy vs. Isolation
development? d. Trust vs. Mistrust
a. Human development considers both maturation Answer: C
and learning.
b. Development refers to the progressive series of 7. Alyssa is eight years old, and although she
changes of an orderly coherent type toward the understands some logical principles, she still has
goal of maturity. troubles in understanding hypothetical concepts.
c. Development is the gradual and orderly unfolding According to Piaget, Alyssa belongs to what
of the characteristics of the individuals as they go particular stage of cognitive development?
through the successive stages of growth. a. Sensorimotor
d. All of the above b. Preoperational
Answer: D c. Concrete operational
d. Formal operational
2. What do you call the quantitative increase in Answer: C
terms of height and weight as observed by the
school physician during the physical examination of
the students? 8. Which of the following provides the best broad
a. Development description of the relationship between heredity
b. Growth and environment in determining height?
c. Learning a. Heredity is the primary influence, with
d. Maturation environment affecting development only in severe
Answer: B situations.
b. Heredity and environment contribute equally to
3. Mrs. Gomez conducts research on the development
psychosocial domain of development. In what c. Environment is the major influence on physical
particular area of the child's development is Mrs. characteristics.
Gomez most likely to be interested with? d. Heredity directs the individual's potential and
a. Perceptual abilities environment determines whether and to what
b. Brain-wave patterns degree the individual reaches the potential.
c. Emotions Answer: A
d. Use of language
Answer: C 9. What is the correct sequence of prenatal stages
of development?
4. Which of the following is the correct order of a. Embryo, germinal, fetus
psychosexual stages proposed by Sigmund Freud? b. Germinal, fetus, embryo
a. Oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latency c. Germinal, embryo, fetus
stage, genital stage d. Embryo, fetus, germinal
Answer: C 16. What stage of Piaget's Cognitive Development
does a person belong to when he can understand
10. When a baby realized that a rubber duck which specific logical ideas and apply them to concrete
has fallen out of the tub must be somewhere on the problems?
floor, he is likely to achieved what aspect of a. Preoperational thought
cognitive development? b. Operational thought
a. Object permanence c. Create operational thought
b. Deferred imitation d. Formal operational thought
c. Mental combinations Answer: C
d. Goal-directed behavior
Answer: A 17. What is the best explanation of Piaget's
concrete operational thought to describe the
11. Which of the following will be Freud's school-age child's mental ability?
description of the child's behavior if he he has a. A child can reason logically about things and
biting, sarcastic manner? events he or she perceives.
a. Anally expulsive b. A child's ability to think about how he thinks
b. Anally retentive c. Can understand that certain characteristics of an
c. Fixated in the oral stage object remain the same when other characteristics
d. Experiencing the crisis of trust vs. mistrust are changed
Answer: C d. Can understand that moral principles may
supersede the standards of society.
12. What is Freud's idea about a young boy's guilt Answer: C
feelings brought about by jealousy of his father's
relationship with his mother? 18. Elisa who is in between 9 and 11 years of age are
a. Electra complex most likely to demonstrate moral reasoning at which
b. Oedipus complex Kohlberg's stage?
c. Phallic complex a. Pre-conventional
d. Penis envy complex b. Conventional
Answer: B c. Post-conventional
d. None of the above
13. When a little girl who says she wants her Answer: B
mother to go on vacation so that she can marry her
father, Freud believes that he is voicing a fantasy 19. According to Kohlberg, a dutiful citizen who
consistent with? obeys the laws set down by society is at which level
a. Oedipus complex of moral reasoning?
b. Electra complex a. Pre-conventional Stage One
c. Theory of mind b. Pre-conventional Stage Two
d. Crisis of initiative vs. Guilt c. Conventional
Answer: B d. Post-conventional
Answer: C
14. Which of the following can best describe the
preschooler's readiness to learn new task and play 20. Ana, who is low-achieving, shy and withdrawn, is
activities? rejected by most of her peers. her teacher wants
a. Emerging competency and self-awareness to help Ana increase her self-esteem and social
b. Theory of the Mind acceptance. What can Joy's teacher suggest to her
c. Relationship with parents parents?
d. Growing identification with others a. Transfer her to a different school
Answer: A b. Help their daughter improve her motor skills
c. Help their daughter learn to accept more
15. James noted that when the preschoolers eagerly responsibility for her academic failures
begin many new activities but are vulnerable to d. Help their daughter improve her skills in relating
criticism and feelings of failure, they are to peers
experiencing what particular crisis? Answer: D
a. Identity vs. Role Confusion
b. Initiative vs. Guilt 21. What is the most accurate definition of puberty
c. Basic trust vs. mistrust stage?
d. Efficacy vs. Helplessness a. Rapid physical growth that occurs during
Answer: B adolescence
b. Stage when sexual maturation is attained.
c. Rapid physical growth and sexual maturation that
ends childhood
d. Stage when adolescents establish identifies
separate from their parents.
Answer: C

22. Fifteen year old Marie is preoccupied with her

"disgusting appearance" and seems depressed most
of the time. What is the best thing her parents can
do to help her get through this difficult time?
a. Ignore her self-preoccupation because their
attention would only reinforce it.
b. Encourage to "shape up" and not give in the self-
c. Kid her about her appearance in the hope that
she will see how silly she is acting.
d. Offer practical advice, such as clothing
suggestions, to improve her body image.
Answer: D

23. What can be the best comparison of the

behavior of a 17 year old girl to that of her 13 year
old brother?
a. She is more likely critical about herself
b. She tends to be more egocentric.
c. She had less confidence in her abilities.
d. She is more capable of reasoning hypothetically.
Answer: D

24. According to Erikson, what is the primary task

of adolescent?
a. To establish trust
b. To search for his identity
c. To be more intimate with others
d. To establish integrity
Answer: B

25. What is the main source of emotional support

for most young people who are establishing
independence from their parents?
a. Older adolescents of the opposite sex
b. Older sibling
c. Teachers
d. Peer groups
Answer: D
Principles of Learning and Motivation a. Classical conditioning
PART I b. Meaningful learning
c. Operant conditioning
1. Which theory operates on the "stimulus-response d. Social learning
principle", which means all behaviors are caused by Answer: C
external stimuli?
a. Contextual theory 7. Which of the theories of learning presents or
b. Behaviorist theory states that learning skills are hierarchically
c. Cognitive theory arranged?
d. Constructivist theory a. Cumulative Learning
Answer: B b. Meaningful Learning
c. Social Cognitive Learning
2. Ms. Erika in her Biology class accompanies her d. Theory of Instruction
discussion with interesting visual aids. She strongly Answer: A
believes that students learn better when lessons
are presented with images, real or imagined aside
from mere lecture method. Which learning theory 8. Which of the following best describes what
does she upholds? meaningful learning is?
a. Dual-Coding Theory a. When what is to be learned is new and easy for
b. Information Processing Theory the students
c. Meaningful Reception Learning Theory b. Materials presented are difficult and challenging
d. Social Cognitive Theory to the students
Answer: A c. When the materials to be learned is related to
what students already know
3. Miss Rita is an excellent Physical Education d. Students find the lessons easy and relevant to
teacher. She started teaching volleyball to her what was assigned to them
Grade 2 class. Despite all her efforts, her class Answer: C
does not seem to learn how to play the game. What
law of learning was disregarded? 9. Rita easily remember dates and events in history.
a. Law of Disuse What component of LTM does Rita have?
b. Law of Effect a. Creative thinking
c. Law of Exercise b. Critical thinking
d. Law of Readiness c. Reflective thinking
Answer: D d. Logical thinking
Answer: C
4. Teacher jay, a physical education teacher,
demonstrates the new skill to be learned so that his 10. An Earth Science has just completed a unit on
students can watch him and later reproduce the the sun. As she recognizes her next unit on other
skill. What learning theory is associated with the stars, she uses the sun as a frame of reference.
situation? What view of learning was used?
a. Dual-Coding Learning Theory a. Discovery learning
b. Information Processing b. Informative learning
c. Schema Learning Theory c. Meaningful learning
d. Social Learning d. Transfer learning
Answer: D Answer: C

5. Patrice is always fearful of freely roaming dogs 11. Which is an application of cognitive approach to
but does not mind dogs in a pen or on a leash. What motivation?
feature of classical conditioning is exhibited? a. Explain the reasons for studying the topic
a. Discrimination b. Create a supportive classroom climate for
b. Extinction students
c. Generalization c. Provide clear and prompt feedback on
d. Practice assignments
Answer: A d. Begin lessons with challenging questions and
conflicting events
6. A music teacher is careful in planning activities Answer: A
for each lesson. He praises liberally and rewards
correct answers. What view of learning is 12. The first people power was held in February 25,
exhibited? 1986. What kind of knowledge is presented?
a. Conditional Knowledge c. Identify the immediate causes of difficulties
b. Cognitive Knowledge that cause his/her being an underachiever
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge d. Allow him/her to work with the slow learner
d. Procedural Knowledge group to cope with the academic needs of the
Answer: B lesson.
Answer: C
13. The students of Mrs. Reyes were not able to
learn the concepts that she presented yesterday so 18. Mrs. Corpuz always makes sure that her pre-
she taught the same concepts again but this time school classroom is well organized and clean. She
using a different teaching method. What principle puts up interesting and colorful visuals on the
of learning was applied? bulletin boards. What principle of motivation was
a. Concepts should be presented in varied and applied?
different ways a. Incentives motivate learning
b. Effort was put forth when tasks are challenging b. Internal motivation is longer lasting and more
c. Learning by doing is more effective than just by self-directive than is external motivation
sitting and listening c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in which
d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking instructional material is organized.
questions d. The environment can be used to focus the
Answer: A student's attention on what needs to be learned.
Answer: D
14. Alvin is a transferee and feels uneasy with his
new school. His teacher is very accommodating, 19. For every correct answer, the teacher would
warm and caring. Alvin felt comfortable with the give a star to her students. What schedule of
teacher display of genuine warmth. The teacher is reinforcement was used?
consistent in his manner and Alvin began to a. Fixed interval
associate school with the teacher's warmth. Which b. Fixed ratio
theory is being illustrated? c. Variable interval
a. Meaningful learning d. Variable ratio
b. Operant conditioning Answer: B
c. Classical conditioning
d. Observational learning 20. Marga, a six year old, always asked her
Answer: B playmates to sit in front of her small black board
and she plays teacher. Her mother is a teacher.
15. After just being introduced to another guest in What theory explains Marga's behavior?
the party, Tom cannot remember the name of the a. Classical Conditioning
guest he was introduced to. In what memory stage b. Operant Conditioning
was the information stored in? c. Social Learning
a. Episodic memory d. Information Processing
b. Semantic memory Answer: C
c. Sensory memory
d. Working memory 21. What should the teacher do to help students
Answer: C learn psychomotor skills?
a. Teacher uses verbal explanation and description
16. Vygotsky claimed that social interaction is of the movements in addition to live demonstration
important for learning. What does this imply? of the movements
a. Children are independent problem solvers b. Teacher provides feedback to the learner about
b. Children learn from adults and other children his/her progress
c. Children learn by passive presentation of c. Teacher encourages the learner to practice, in
information order to maintain his/her sharpness of the
d. Children in the crib has no learning yet, since movements
they are not capable of interaction d. All of the above
Answer: B Answer: D

17. How would you help a student who is intelligent 22. The teacher presented a new lesson where in
but is underachieving in class? the students were asked to work on a new project
a. Provide challenging activities which he/she can which was somewhat complicated. The students
accomplish showed interest while working on the project. What
b. Recognize his talents by asking him/her to help principle applies to the situation?
other students with their work a. Effort was put forth when tasks are challenging
b. Lessons should be presented in varied and d. Principle of learning aided by formulating and
different ways asking questions
c. Meaningful materials are readily learned than Answer: A
nonsense materials
d. Teachers should provide opportunities for 3. In classical conditioning, which are paired
meaningful and appropriate practice together in order to elicit the desired response?
Answer: A a. UCS and NS
b. CS and NS
23. Maturation should precede certain types of c. UCS and CS
learning. How is this applied in the classroom? d. UCR and NS
a. Concepts should be taught from simple to Answer: A
b. Consider the age level of students in assigning 4. According to Thorndike, what law states that the
tasks strength of a connection is influenced by the
c. Follow the interest of students in assigning tasks consequences of the response?
d. Give the same task to all students in a particular a. Law of disuse
grade level b. Law of effect
Answer: A c. Law of exercise
d. Law of readiness
24. Luz easily learns a lesson when she is working Answer: B
with laboratory equipment but hardly remembers a
lesson the teacher lectured on. What type of 5. A burglary occurred in Jason's neighborhood.
learner is Luz? Since then, Jason is very careful of locking their
a. Auditory Learner doors and closing windows. What theory best
b. Kinesthetic Learner explains Jason's behavior?
c. Tactile Learner a. Observational learning
d. Visual Learner b. Imitation learning
Answer: D c. Self-regulated learning
d. Vicarious learning
25. Which of the following statements about Answer: D
motivation is false?
a. External motivation is longer lasting and more 6. In observation and imitation learning, what should
self-directive than internal motivation be the learner's response when the teacher initially
b. Internal motivation is fueled by one's goals or models the behavior?
ambitions a. Reproduce and match
c. Motivation is enhanced by the way in which the b. Pay Attention
instructional material is organized c. Imitate and practice
d. Motivation to perform is affected by expectancy d. Shows satisfaction
and value Answer: B
Answer: A
7. What is the correct sequence of information
PART II processing?
a. Sensory register-STM-LTM
1. Based on Bandura's theory, which conditions must b. STM-sensory register-LTM
be present for a student to learn from a model? c. Sensory register-LTM-STM
I. Attention II. Retention III. Motor Reproduction d. LTM-sensory register- STM
IV. Motivation Answer: A
a. I and II
b. I, II and III
c. I, II, III and IV 8. What should be the hierarchy of the types of
d. III and IV learning according to the cumulative learning
Answer: C theory?
1. Problem solving learning
2. Which of the following principles of learning 2. Rule learning
applies to considering student's age in presenting 3. Discrimination learning
certain content and cognitive processes? 4. Concept learning
a. Principle of readiness a. 2-1-3-4
b. Principle of learning by doing b. 2-1-4-3
c. Principle of presenting challenging tasks c. 2-3-4-1
d. 2-4-3-1 b. Interfering
Answer: D c. Rehearsing
d. Remembering
9. Which is essential in meaningful reception Answer: A
a. Concepts are presented to learner and received 15. Rob regularly practice playing the guitar so he
by them. can finish Book I. His mother promised to buy him a
b. Concepts are discovered by the learner Nintendo when he finishes Book I. How is Rob
c. Concepts are related to one another motivated?
d. Concepts are solicited from the learners a. Extrinsically
Answer: C b. Intrinsically
c. with Self-Determination
10. Grace is bilingual. She speaks both English and d. with Self-Efficacy
Filipino fluently. She begins to study Spanish and Answer: C
immediately recognizes many similarities between
the Spanish and Filipino languages and uses this 16. Lara excels in dancing and in certain sports.
information to acquire the new language faster. According to Gardner what intelligence is dominant
What kind of transfer was Grace able to use? in Lara?
a. Lateral Transfer a. Bodily kinesthetic
b. General Transfer b. Intrapersonal
c. Specific Transfer c. Musical
d. Vertical Transfer d. Spatial
Answer: C Answer: A

11. Cristina is almost asleep when she felt the need 17. According to Bronfenbrenner, what system
to go to the bathroom. She tried to sleep it off but contains structures that has direct contact with
after a while, she was forced to stand up and go to the child?
the bathroom. What theory of motivation explains a. Chronosystem
Cristina's behavior? b. Exosystem
a. Attribution Theory c. Mesosystem
b. Drive Theory d. Microsystem
c. Expentancies and Values Theory Answer: D
d. Solomon's Opponent Theory
Answer: C 18. Some learners like to find specific and concrete
answers. What kind of learners are they?
12. Marko excels in adding numbers. He learned this a. Accomodators
skill in his Math class. He is now able to apply this b. Assimilators
skill in his Music class. What type of transfer was c. Convergers
used? d. Divergers
a. Lateral transfer Answer: C
b. General transfer
c. Specific transfer 19. Mrs. Mercado, the Home Economics teacher,
d. Vertical transfer constantly gives verbal guidance to her pupils while
Answer: B practicing a sewing skill. What is the value of giving
verbal guidance in improving pupils learning
13. Mr. Lorenzo would always give the chapter test behavior?
on a Friday. What schedule of reinforcement is a. It promotes the growth of interest in the new
used by Mr. Lorenzo? learning tasks
a. Fixed interval b. It serves as informational feedback
b. Fixed ratio c. It facilitates perfection of skills
c. Variable interval d. It directs pupils' attention to more adequate and
d. Variable ratio better techniques
Answer: A Answer: B

14. To remember the six digits, 8, 4, 3, 9, 4, 5, the 20. Why should learning be aided by formulating and
Math teacher grouped the numbers in two's 84, 39, asking questions?
45 or in threes 843, 945. What control process of a. Students will have a grade in recitation
retaining information is referred to? b. Students will develop their self-confidence
a. Chunking c. The teacher will know who among the students
can communicate very well
d. The teacher will not always do the talking but the
students will be given a chance to do the same
Answer: B

21. Ms. Baquiran, the VE teacher, and her pupils,

while working on the concept of honesty, agreed
that no cabinets and book cases would be locked
throughout the day. Which principle in affective
learning is being implemented?
a. Provide exemplary models
b. Provide appropriate practice
c. Provide for pleasant emotional experience
d. Provide for independent attitude cultivation
Answer: B

22. Instead of asking her students to write about

their reaction to a story, the teacher asked her
students to interpret the story in dance form.
What principle of learning is considered?
a. Concepts should be presented in varied and
different ways
b. Effort if put forth when tasks are challenging
c. Learning by doing is more effective than just
sitting and listening
d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking
Answer: B

23. In performing the minuet, first raise your heel,

second make three steps forward, third step make
a point. What kind of knowledge was exhibited?
a. Conditional Knowledge
b. Declarative Knowledge
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
d. Procedural Knowledge
Answer: D

24. Why should teachers provide positive feedback

and realistic praise?
a. To motivate the students to study
b. So the students will know what to do
c. To be liked and loved by the students
d. So the students will praise him/her
Answer: B

25. Which statement does not refer to cognitive

a. Prefer to concentrate on analyzing cognitive
b. Conclusions are based on observation of external
manifestations on learning
c. Study of the structures and components of
information processing
d. Believe in non-observable behavior
Answer: B
Principles and Strategies of Teaching analysis?
PART I a. By means of a table
b. By looking for a pattern
1. To ensure the lesson will go smoothly, Teacher A c. By means of a graph
listed down the steps she will undertake together d. By guessing and checking
with those of her students. This practice relates Answer: C
a. Teaching style 7. There are several reasons why problem-solving is
b. Teaching method taught in Math. Which is the LEAST important?
c. Teaching strategy a. It is the main goal for the study of Math
d. Teaching technique b. It provides the content in which concepts and
Answer: B skills are learned and applied
c. It provides an opportunity to develop critical and
2. The class of Grade 6 - Einstein is scheduled to analytical thinking
perform an experiment on that day. However, the d. It provides pupils an opportunity to relate Math
chemicals are insufficient. What method may then in the real world
be used? Answer: A
a. Project
b. Laboratory
c. Lecture 8. Teacher D teaches in a remote high school where
d. Demonstration newspapers are delivered irregularly. Knowing the
Answer: D importance of keeping the students aware of
current affairs, what is probably the best way to
3. Teacher C gives the class specific topic as keep the students updated?
assignment which they have to research and pass a. Gather back issues of newspapers and let pupils
the following day. However, the students could not compile them.
find any information about it. What method should b. Urge the pupils to listen to stories circulating in
Teacher C use to teach the assignment? the community.
a. Project method c. Encourage the pupils to listen to daily broadcast
b. Discovery approach from a transistor radio.
c. Lecture method d. The teacher should try all available means to get
d. Demonstration method the newspaper delivered to the school
Answer: C Answer: C

4. Pictures, models and the like arouse students 9. Devices can make a lecture more understandable
interest on the day's topic, in what part of the and meaningful. What is the most important thing a
lesson should the given materials be presented? teacher should consider in the selection and
a. Initiating activities utilization of instructional materials?
b. Culminating activities a. Objectives of the lesson
c. Evaluation activities b. Availability of instructional materials
d. Developmental activities c. Attractiveness of instructional materials
Answer: A d. Degree of interest on the part of the students
Answer: A
5. In Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives,
the domains are stated from lowest to highest level. 10. Teacher E asks student A to identify and
Which of the following objectives belongs to the analyze events, ideas or objects in order to state
lowest level? their similarities and differences. In which part of
a. To identify the characters of the story. the lesson does said activity take place?
b. To differentiate active from passive voice. a. Preparation
c. To give the available resources that could be b. Generalization
recycled to useful things. c. Application
d. To explain the procedure in changing improper d. Comparison and Abstraction
fraction to mixed number Answer: D
Answer: A
11. Which part of the lesson is involved in the giving
6. The class of IV - Kalikasan is tasked to analyze of situation or activities based on the concepts
the present population of the different cities and learned?
municipalities of the National Capital Region for the a. Preparation
last five years. How can they best present their b. Generalization
c. Application cognitive, psychomotor but also in the affective
d. Comparison and Abstraction aspect. Why is development of the latter also
Answer: C important?
a. It helps them develop a sound value system.
12. Teacher F wants the class to find out the effect b. Their actions are dominated by their feelings.
of heat on matter. Which method will help him c. It helps them develop an adequate knowledge of
accomplish his objective? good actions.
a. Project Method d. Awareness of the consequences of their action is
b. Laboratory Method sharpened.
c. Problem Method Answer: A
d. Expository Method
Answer: B 19. Which of the following attributes characterizes
a learner who is yet to develop the concept?
13. In Math, Teacher G presents various examples a. The learner can identify the attributes of the
of plane figures to her class. Afterwards, she asks concept.
the students to give definition of each. What b. The learner can summarize the ideas shared
method did she use? about the concept.
a. Inductive c. The learner can distinguish examples from non-
b. Laboratory examples.
c. Deductive d. The learner gets a failing grade in the tests given
d. Expository after the concept has been discussed.
Answer: A Answer: A

14. Teaching Tinikling to I-Maliksi becomes possible 20. The strategy which makes use of the old
through the use of? concept of "each-one-teach-one" of the sixty's is
a. Inductive Method similar to?
b. Expository Method a. Peer learning
c. Demonstration Method b. Independent learning
d. Laboratory Method c. Partner learning
Answer: C d. Cooperative learning
Answer: D
15. What is the implication of using a method that
focuses on the why rather than the how? 21. Which part of the lesson does the learner give a
a. There is best method synthesis of the things learned?
b. Typical one will be good for any subject a. Motivation
c. These methods should be standardized for b. Application
different subjects. c. Evaluation
d. Teaching methods should favor inquiry and d. Generalization
problem solving. Answer: C
Answer: D
22. Educational objectives are arranged from simple
16. When using problem solving method, the teacher to complex. Why is this?
can a. Each level is built upon and assumes acquisition of
a. Set up the problem skills from the previous level.
b. Test the conclusion b. Objectives are broad and value-laden statements
c. Propose ways of obtaining the needed data that lead to the philosophy of education.
d. Help the learners define what is it to be solved c. Be idealistic and ambitious to begin with
Answer: D grandiose scheme for using taxonomy in all levels.
d. These are guidelines to be taught and learned
17. Which of the following characterizes a well- where teachers and students evaluate learning.
motivated lesson? Answer: A
a. The class is quiet.
b. The children have something to do. 23. Which of the following is NOT true?
c. The teacher can leave the pupils a. Lesson plan should be in constant state of
d. There are varied procedures and activities revision.
undertaken by the pupils. b. A good daily lesson plan ensures a better
Answer: D discussion.
c. Students should never see a teacher using a
18. Learners must be developed not only in the lesson plan.
d. All teachers regardless of their experience strength of a connection is influenced by the
should have daily lesson plan. consequences of the response?
Answer: C a. Law of disuse
b. Law of effect
24. In Music, Teacher 1 wants to teach the class c. Law of exercise
how to play the piano in the Key of C. Which of the
d. Law of readiness
following should be his objective?
Answer: B
a. To play the piano in the key of C chords
b. To improve playing the piano in the key of C
5. A burglary occurred in Jason's neighborhood.
c. To interpret property of chords of Key of C in
the piano Since then, Jason is very careful of locking their
d. To exhibit excellent playing of piano in the key of doors and closing windows. What theory best
C explains Jason's behavior?
Answer: A a. Observational learning
b. Imitation learning
25. When using instructional material, what should c. Self-regulated learning
the teacher primarily consider? d. Vicarious learning
a. The material must be new and skillfully made. Answer: D
b. It must be suited to the lesson objective.
c. The material must stimulate and maintain
6. In observation and imitation learning, what should
students' interest
be the learner's response when the teacher initially
d. It must be updated and relevant to Filipino
models the behavior?
Answer: B a. Reproduce and match
b. Pay Attention
PART II c. Imitate and practice
d. Shows satisfaction
1. Based on Bandura's theory, which conditions must Answer: B
be present for a student to learn from a model?
I. Attention II. Retention III. Motor Reproduction 7. What is the correct sequence of information
IV. Motivation processing?
a. I and II a. Sensory register-STM-LTM
b. I, II and III b. STM-sensory register-LTM
c. I, II, III and IV c. Sensory register-LTM-STM
d. III and IV d. LTM-sensory register- STM
Answer: C Answer: A

2. Which of the following principles of learning

applies to considering student's age in presenting 8. What should be the hierarchy of the types of
certain content and cognitive processes? learning according to the cumulative learning
a. Principle of readiness theory?
b. Principle of learning by doing 1. Problem solving learning
c. Principle of presenting challenging tasks 2. Rule learning
d. Principle of learning aided by formulating and 3. Discrimination learning
asking questions 4. Concept learning
a. 2-1-3-4
Answer: A
b. 2-1-4-3
c. 2-3-4-1
3. In classical conditioning, which are paired
d. 2-4-3-1
together in order to elicit the desired response?
Answer: D
a. UCS and NS
b. CS and NS 9. Which is essential in meaningful reception
c. UCS and CS learning?
d. UCR and NS a. Concepts are presented to learner and received
Answer: A by them.
b. Concepts are discovered by the learner
4. According to Thorndike, what law states that the c. Concepts are related to one another
d. Concepts are solicited from the learners a. Extrinsically
Answer: C b. Intrinsically
c. with Self-Determination
10. Grace is bilingual. She speaks both English and d. with Self-Efficacy
Filipino fluently. She begins to study Spanish and Answer: C
immediately recognizes many similarities between
the Spanish and Filipino languages and uses this 16. Lara excels in dancing and in certain sports.
information to acquire the new language faster. According to Gardner what intelligence is dominant
What kind of transfer was Grace able to use? in Lara?
a. Lateral Transfer a. Bodily kinesthetic
b. General Transfer b. Intrapersonal
c. Specific Transfer c. Musical
d. Vertical Transfer d. Spatial
Answer: C Answer: A

11. Cristina is almost asleep when she felt the need 17. According to Bronfenbrenner, what system
to go to the bathroom. She tried to sleep it off but contains structures that has direct contact with
after a while, she was forced to stand up and go to the child?
the bathroom. What theory of motivation explains a. Chronosystem
Cristina's behavior? b. Exosystem
a. Attribution Theory c. Mesosystem
b. Drive Theory d. Microsystem
c. Expentancies and Values Theory Answer: D
d. Solomon's Opponent Theory
Answer: C 18. Some learners like to find specific and concrete
answers. What kind of learners are they?
12. Marko excels in adding numbers. He learned this a. Accomodators
skill in his Math class. He is now able to apply this b. Assimilators
skill in his Music class. What type of transfer was c. Convergers
used? d. Divergers
a. Lateral transfer Answer: C
b. General transfer
c. Specific transfer 19. Mrs. Mercado, the Home Economics teacher,
d. Vertical transfer constantly gives verbal guidance to her pupils while
Answer: B practicing a sewing skill. What is the value of giving
verbal guidance in improving pupils learning
13. Mr. Lorenzo would always give the chapter test behavior?
on a Friday. What schedule of reinforcement is a. It promotes the growth of interest in the new
used by Mr. Lorenzo? learning tasks
a. Fixed interval b. It serves as informational feedback
b. Fixed ratio c. It facilitates perfection of skills
c. Variable interval d. It directs pupils' attention to more adequate and
d. Variable ratio better techniques
Answer: A Answer: B

14. To remember the six digits, 8, 4, 3, 9, 4, 5, the 20. Why should learning be aided by formulating and
Math teacher grouped the numbers in two's 84, 39, asking questions?
45 or in threes 843, 945. What control process of a. Students will have a grade in recitation
retaining information is referred to? b. Students will develop their self-confidence
a. Chunking c. The teacher will know who among the students
b. Interfering can communicate very well
c. Rehearsing d. The teacher will not always do the talking but the
d. Remembering students will be given a chance to do the same
Answer: A thing.
Answer: B
15. Rob regularly practice playing the guitar so he
can finish Book I. His mother promised to buy him a 21. Ms. Baquiran, the VE teacher, and her pupils,
Nintendo when he finishes Book I. How is Rob while working on the concept of honesty, agreed
motivated? that no cabinets and book cases would be locked
throughout the day. Which principle in affective
learning is being implemented?
a. Provide exemplary models
b. Provide appropriate practice
c. Provide for pleasant emotional experience
d. Provide for independent attitude cultivation
Answer: B

22. Instead of asking her students to write about

their reaction to a story, the teacher asked her
students to interpret the story in dance form.
What principle of learning is considered?
a. Concepts should be presented in varied and
different ways
b. Effort if put forth when tasks are challenging
c. Learning by doing is more effective than just
sitting and listening
d. Learning is aided by formulating and asking
Answer: B

23. In performing the minuet, first raise your heel,

second make three steps forward, third step make
a point. What kind of knowledge was exhibited?
a. Conditional Knowledge
b. Declarative Knowledge
c. Domain-Specific Knowledge
d. Procedural Knowledge
Answer: D

24. Why should teachers provide positive feedback

and realistic praise?
a. To motivate the students to study
b. So the students will know what to do
c. To be liked and loved by the students
d. So the students will praise him/her
Answer: B

25. Which statement does not refer to cognitive

a. Prefer to concentrate on analyzing cognitive
b. Conclusions are based on observation of external
manifestations on learning
c. Study of the structures and components of
information processing
d. Believe in non-observable behavior
Answer: B
Curriculum Development combined with geography, civics, culture and history
PART I to comprises subject area. Which design is this?
a. Correlated
1. Which is NOT a provision for the development of b. Broadfields
each learner in a good curriculum? c. Separate Subject
a. Extensive arrangements are made for the d. Core
educational diagnosis of individual learners. Answer: B
b. Self-directed, independent study is encouraged
wherever possible and advisable. 6. Ms. Ortiz, as Science teacher tries to enrich the
c. Self-motivation and self-evaluation are content of her lesson by identifying related
stimulated and emphasized throughout the learning concepts in Math. What pattern of organizing
opportunities of the school. subjects did Ms. Ortiz consider?
d. The program provides a wide range of a. Broadfield
opportunities for individuals with same abilities, b. Correlated
needs and interests. c. Core
Answer: D d. Separate Subject
Answer: B
2. Teacher Lily would like to take part in developing
a subject-centered curriculum because she believes 7. Which design is easy to deliver because
that all subjects in this type of curriculum are complementary books and materials are
geared towards the hollistic development of the commercially available?
learner. Is her belief about the subject-centered a. Experience centered design
curriculum true? b. Problem design
a. Yes, because the subject-centered curriculum c. Process design
focuses on the learners needs, interests and d. Subject centered design
abilities. Answer: D
b. No, because it is the experience-centered
curriculum that emphasizes the teaching of facts
and knowledge for future use. 8. What refers to the matching between curriculum
c. Yes, because the subject-centered curriculum and test to be used to assess the learners?
involves cooperative control. a. Alignment
d. No, because it is the experience centered and not b. Auditing
the subject-centered curriculum that emphasizes c. Articulation
integration of habits and skills in learning the d. Delivery
knowledge component of subject areas. Answer: A
Answer: D
9. Ms. Mateo, a History teacher considers the
3. In the elementary level, English literature and element of time in arranging content of her lessons
Social studies relate well. While history is being in World History. What way of establishing
studied, different literary pieces during the sequence is given emphasis by Ms. Mateo?
historical period is being studied as well. What a. Simple to complex
curriculum design is shown here? b. Part to whole
a. Separate subject design c. Concrete to abstract
b. Correlation design d. Chronological
c. Discipline design Answer: D
d. Broad field design
Answer: C 10. Mr. Rivera, a new teacher believes that
education is a process of development and is life
4. This phase of curriculum development involves itself; therefore, experience related to the child's
decisions, among other things, on grade placement need and interest should be given primary
and sequencing of content. Which phase is this? consideration. What educational philosophy is being
a. Curriculum planning exhibited by Mr. Rivera?
b. Curriculum evaluation a. Idealism
c. Curriculum organization b. Reconstructionism
d. Curriculum implementation c. Progressivism
Answer: C d. Realism
Answer: C
5. One example of this design of subject-centered
curriculum is that which shows social studies being 11. A stakeholder in curriculum development, Mr.
Cruz, a district supervisor and a member of the Elementary School invited the Brgy. Captain in the
school board has one of the following primary roles. school to solicit inputs for a new curriculum in
a. Support and participate in parent-school Social Science which highlights indigenous
organization activities. knowledge in the community. What is shown in this
b. Authorize school expenditures for curriculum situation?
development, implementation and evaluation a. Community members as supporters of curriculum
c. Enact legislation to effect curriculum b. Community members as curriculum resources
improvement. c. Community members as managers of curriculum
d. Recommend changes in curriculum. d. Community members as beneficiaries of
Answer: D curriculum
Answer: B
12. The schools in the first District plan to adopt
the reading program used in the third district. 17. Teacher Bert puts emphasis on the immediate
What level of curriculum improvement is used? felt interests and needs of his students and not on
a. Variation the anticipated needs and interests. What type of
b. Value orientation curriculum does teacher Bert adheres?
c. Substitution a. Subject-centered
d. Restructuring b. Learner-centered
Answer: C c. Experience-centered
d. Culture-based
13. Mr. Bernardo, a curriculum consultant on Answer: C
Economics insists that in selecting the curriculum
content, it is better that throughout the high 18. What type of curriculum divides the school day
school years, economic geography concepts be used into different periods such as language arts, social
to recur and be repeated with depth for effective studies, science and health, arithmetic, etc.?
learning. What criterion in content selection is a. Correlated
shown here? b. Broad fields
a. Validity c. Integrated
b. Continuity d. Separate Subject
c. Significance Answer: D
d. Learnability
Answer: B 19. Which curriculum design element is taking place
when Eduardo, a 4th year student can connect the
14. The Filipino learners envisioned by the lessons he learned in a subject area to a related
Department of Education (DepEd) in the light of K- content in another subject area?
12 Curriculum is a. Articulation
a. Technologically literate or logistically developed b. Balance
Filipino c. Continuity
b. Functionally literate or logistically developed d. Integration
Filipino Answer: D
c. Scientifically Advanced and Values Oriented
Filipino 20. The following curricular changes took place in
d. National Oriented and Internationally what particular period? Restore Grade VII, double-
Competitive Filipinos single session was abolished and more textbooks
Answer: B were written by Filipino authors.
a. American Period
15. Teacher Dominguito believes that a new respect b. Philippine Republic
for the child is fundamental in curriculum. Thus, all c. Japanese Occupation
activities in the classroom are geared towards the d. New Society
development of the child - the center of the Answer: B
educative process. To which approach in curriculum
does Teacher Dominguito adhere? 21. This concept includes the sub-processes of
a. Learner-centered curriculum planning, organization, implementation
b. Subject-centered and evaluation. Which concept is this?
c. Problem-centered a. Curriculum development
d. Pragmatic b. Curriculum assessment
Answer: A c. Curriculum management
d. Curriculum and instruction
16. Mrs. Manuel, the Principal of Bagong Barrio Answer: A
a. Time allotment
22. If curriculum is the "means", what is the "end"? b. Grade placement
a. Strategies c. Grade level
b. Instruction d. Maturity level
c. Technique Answer: B
d. Approaches
Answer: B 4. Which pattern of experience-centered
curriculum centers around the normal activities of
23. The curriculum used during the period in children and is based on each child's needs,
Philippine history terminated the use of English as a interests and potentials?
medium of instruction, What period is this? a. Child-centered
a. American b. Activity
b. Spanish c. Social function
c. Commonwealth d. Specific competencies
d. Japanese Answer: A
Answer: D
5. Which curriculum development phase focuses on
24. Which of the following statements about the the change which will take place in certain aspects
concept of curriculum is NOT quite acceptable? of the curriculum without changing the fundamental
a. It refers to all experiences that both the school conceptions?
and the teacher provide the students with. a. Curriculum planning
b. It is the set of acquired knowledge, habits and b. Curriculum design
skills c. Curriculum improvement
c. It consists of everything that goes within the d. Curriculum evaluation
school. Answer: C
d. It is a planned action for instruction
Answer: C 6. Which is not a component of curriculum
25. What process is being undertaken by curriculum a. Objective
developers when they enrich or modify certain b. learning content
aspects of a particular program without changing its c. learning experiences
fundamental conceptions? d. Diagnosis of needs
a. Curriculum improvement Answer: D
b. Curriculum change
c. Curriculum design 7. Which type of curriculum design serves as a
d. Curriculum implementation response to society's demand for integration of
Answer: A knowledge and enables the learner to see
relationship among various aspects?
PART II a. Broadfield
b. Correlated
1. What design element establishes the vertical c. Core
linkage from level to level to avoid glaring gaps and d. Separate subjects
wasteful overlaps? Answer: A
a. Articulation
b. Balance
c. Scope 8. Who controls the subject centered-curriculum?
d. Sequence a. Learner
Answer: A b. Teacher
c. Parent
2. What refers to the authenticity of the content d. Teacher and parent
selected by the curriculum developer? Answer: B
a. Feasibility
b. Learnability 9. To provide individual differences in the
c. Significance classroom, how is curriculum designed?
d. Validity a. Minimum learning competencies are included
Answer: D b. Realistic and meaningful experiences are provided
c. Some degree of flexibility is provided
3. What do we call the allocation of content to a d. Social skills are emphasized
definite grade capable of learning? Answer: C
d. The main task is mastery of learning
10. To ensure success in curriculum development, Answer: A
which of the following specific actions should a
curriculum leader avoid? 16. Schools divide the school hours to different
a. Work with people over them. subjects such as reading, grammar, literature,
b. Use your status frequently to establish discipline math, science, history and geography. What
c. Keep channels of communication open curriculum design is referred here?
d. Show that you too desire to improve a. Problem-centered
Answer: B b. Learner-centered
c. Subject-centered
11. Which of the following is a reason for the d. Culture-based
continuous appraisal of the existing curriculum in all Answer: C
a. New national policies in government 17. Which is NOT a description of the learner-
b. Changing needs and condition of society centered curriculum?
c. Economic status of the people a. Emphasis is on the total growth and development
d. Political trust of the country of the learners
Answer: B b. Controlled and cooperatively directed by
learners, teachers and parents
12. Which of the following best defines curriculum c. Education is a means to develop social creative
development? individual
a. The total mental phenomena directly received at d. Emphasis upon facts and knowledge for future
any given time use
b. The planning of learning opportunities intended to Answer: D
bring about certain desired changes in pupils and
the assessment of the extent to which these 18. The K-12 curriculum is otherwise called as
changes have taken place. a. 2002 Basic Education Curriculum
c. A continuous cycle of activities in which all b. Revitalized Basic Education Curriculum
elements of curriculum are considered. c. Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum
d. Education is aiding each child to be socially d. Extended Basic Education Curriculum
creative individuals. Answer: C
Answer: B
19. What refers to an individual or group of
13. To build a sense of pride among Filipino youth, individuals who have a direct and indirect influence
which should be done in the curriculum? in curriculum development?
a. Re-study our history and stress on our a. Stockholders
achievements as a people. b. Stakeholders
b. Re-study our history from the perspective of our c. Promoters
colonizer. d. Incorporators
c. Replace the study of folklore and myths with Answer: B
technical subjects.
d. Set aside the study of local history. 20. What refers to the appropriateness of the
Answer: A content in the light of the particular students who
are to experience the curriculum?
14. What do you call the curriculum when the a. Significance
teacher puts into action all the different planned b. Validity
activities in the classroom? c. Interest
a. Recommended Curriculum d. Learnability
b. Written Curriculum Answer: D
c. Taught Curriculum
d. Supported Curriculum 21. Which of the following statements is NOT
Answer: C acceptable?
a. Instruction is the actual engagement of learners
15. Which statement about the subject-centered in the planned learning activities.
curriculum is NOT true? b. Curriculum determines what assessment should
a. There is a high level of cooperative interaction be done, and how to do it.
b. It covers much content in a short period of time c. Instruction requires teachers to use a variety of
c. The teacher has full control of the classroom action to accomplish a variety of functions.
activities d. Assessment establishes what is to be
accomplished in teaching and learning.
Answer: D

22. Which characteristic of a good curriculum

highlights the psychological nature of the learner?
a. Provisions are made for the smooth transition and
continuing achievement of pupils.
b. Curriculum plans in areas which extend over
several years are developed vertically.
c. Classroom practices give attention to the
maturity and learning problems of each pupil.
d. Cooperative planning and teaching provide for
exchange of information about pupil's learning
Answer: C

23. Objectives must be evaluated in the light of

practical considerations, including teacher
competence, availability of instructional materials,
time allotment, etc. What characteristic of
educational objective is defined by the
aforementioned statement?
a. Comprehension
b. Attainability
c. Consistency
d. Feasibility
Answer: D

24. "Knowledge is true if it is workable". What

philosophical foundation supports this statement?
a. Idealism
b. Realism
c. Pragmatism
d. Essentialism
Answer: C

25. As a member of the curriculum committee, your

chief concern is to give the child freedom to choose
what to learn and believe, as you allow them to set
their own identities and standards. What philosophy
will you consider?
a. Existentialism
b. Realism
c. Idealism
d. Pragmatism
Answer: A
Educational Technology multimedia presentation. Which principle did she
PART I apply?
a. Split attention
1. Which of the following statements has a very b. Spatial contiguity
limited definition of educational technology? c. Cost effectiveness
a. It is a profession composed of various job d. Communication effectiveness
categories. Answer: A
b. It refers to the computers used for teaching and
learning. 7. Mrs. Olivarez presented real samples of rocks in
c. It includes audiovisual materials, interactive her General Science class. What principle did she
multimedia and self-instructional materials. apply?
d. It is the development, application and evaluation a. Appropriateness
of system, techniques and aids to improve human b. Authenticity
learning c. Responsiveness
Answer: B d. Simplicity
Answer: B
2. Which of the following statements is correct
about the domains of educational technology?
a. Design is the production stage while development 8. Which is the best reason why teachers state the
is the planning stage. objectives before using instructional media?
b. Both the design and development are the planning a. To secure materials
stage. b. To prepare the materials beforehand.
c. Evaluation is synonymous with implementation. c. To determine which media to use best.
d. Utilization is the action phase. d. To be able to practice how to operate the
Answer: D equipment
Answer: C
3. Ms. Gomez is planning to integrate technology in
her Mathematics class. Which of the following 9. Which of the following should Mr. Rivera
would be the logical steps in doing this? primarily consider in determining the teaching-
I. Set the objectives learning objectives and use of instructional media?
II. Analyze the learners a. The assessment tool to be used
III. Utilize the materials with showmanship b. The learning activities
IV. Evaluate the performance of the students c. The learner
a. I, II, III, IV d. The teacher
b. II, I, III, IV Answer: B
c. I, II, IV, III
d. II, I, IV, III 10. Which of the following technologies provide
Answer: B iconic experiences to students/ children?
a. Video and books
4. Which of the following is a limitation of models b. Pictures and videos
and real objects in teaching and learning? c. Radio and recording
a. They pose problems on storage d. Modules and periodicals
b. They make learning more concrete. Answer: B
c. They provide hands-on learning experiences.
d. They are readily available in the environment, 11. Which of these technologies used in the
around school and in the home. classroom are arranged from the most symbolic to
Answer: A multisensory?
a. Real objects, print, audio-visual materials and
5. Which group of technologies has the highest visual materials
degree of concreteness? b. Visual materials, audio visual materials, print and
a. Realia and computer computers
b. Video, picture and television c. Visual materials, print, audio-visual materials and
c. Digital video, film, versatile compact disc realia
d. Book, imaginative literature, programmed d. Print, audio-visual materials, computers and realia
instruction Answer: D
Answer: A
12. Which of the following is inappropriate in using
6. Mrs. Del Prado placed text together with the printed visuals such as charts, graphs and drawings?
relevant graphics on the same page in her a. Provide written or verbal cues to highlight
important aspect of visuals gradually from a teacher-centered instruction to a
b. Present the instructional materials simultaneously learner-centered instruction?
c. Use materials that everyone can see I. A learner-centered instruction focuses on
d. Make the presentation suspenseful transformation of facts.
Answer: B a. II and IV only
b. I, II and IV only
13. Susan wants to learn more English. Specifically, c. I, III and IV only
she wants to improve her listening skills. She has a d. II, III and IV only
CD player, a tape recorder and has internet access. Answer: C
As an English teacher, what do you suggest?
I. CDs with English listening drills 18. Ms. Hernandez employs student-centered
II. Tapes with English listening drills instruction as the learners create their digital
III. Internet website such as Go4English, English portfolios in her computer class. What could be
Language Listening Lab or Randall's listening Lab developed among them through this approach?
a. I and II a. Repetition and active learning
b. II and III b. Mastery of skills and information delivery
c. I or III c. Information processing and passive learning
d. I, II and III d. Construction of knowledge and information
Answer: D exchange
Answer: D
14. Which of the following statements is incorrect
about the contributions of technology to student 19. Mr. Torres will have a multimedia presentation in
learning? his Science class. Which of the following should he
a. The quality of learning can be improved. avoid?
b. The delivery of instruction can be more a. Consider technical quality.
interesting. b. Apply different computer effects per slid.
c. The method of teaching and learning becomes c. Present information through graphic organizers
more interactive. d. Use contrasting colors for text and background.
d. The role of the teacher can be changed into Answer: B
knowledge dispenser.
Answer: D 20. Mrs. Sison would like to integrate technology in
writing a friendly letter. Which of the following is
15. Mr. Tarnate, an ICT teacher takes into account the most effective way of doing it?
technology standards to address the needs of the a. Let the pupils surf a friendly letter from the
students and help them adapt with the changing internet
society and technology Which of the following b. Have the pupils write a friendly letter and send it
standards is an exception? through an email.
a. Creativity and innovation c. have the pupils forward a downloaded friendly
b. Research and information literacy letter to others via email.
c. Model digital-age work and learning d. Let the pupils write a friendly letter using word
d. Technology operations and concepts processing and have it critiqued by their peers.
Answer: C Answer: D

16. Ms. Vinluan, a computer teacher demonstrates 21. Which of the following computer-based
understanding of local and global issues and exhibits instructional materials can be used to learn new
ethical and legal use of information and concepts?
communications technology tools. Which is true a. Games
about her? b. Tutorial
a. She models digital-age work and learning c. Simulation
b. She facilitates and inspires student learning and d. Drill and practice
creativity. Answer: B
c. She promotes and models digital citizenship and
responsibility. 22. Professor dela Cruz would like to create a
d. She designs and develops digital-age learning presentation material for her lesson on the types of
experiences and assessments computer-assisted instruction. To make her
Answer: C presentation effective, which?
a. Situating tool
17. With the fast-paced evolution of technologies b. Informative tool
nowadays, why are teachers encouraged to shift c. Productivity tool
d. Communicative tool
Answer: C 3. After Ms. Rivas planned her lesson in English, she
found out that the materials at hand do not match
23. Professor Reyes is thinking of an online learning her objectives. Which is the best thing that she can
approach by which content provides links to do?
information at other locations and serves as a focal a. Modify the available materials
point for a distance education experience. Which of b. Teach the lesson the following day.
the following should she use? c. Change the objectives to match with available
a. Teleconferencing materials.
b. Self-paced program d. Carry out the lesson as planned and use the
c. Web-based instruction materials at hand.
d. Computer-aided instruction Answer: A
Answer: C
4. Prof. Balagtas used worksheets, manipulatives,
24. Which is NOT a basic consideration in selecting and models in teaching math to help her students
and evaluating the content of an educational understand the lessons and love the subject. What
technology tool? did she bear in mind when she used these materials?
a. Does it match the content? a. Appropriateness
b. Can it be easily dismantled? b. Balance
c. Will it motivate and maintain interest? c. Breadth
d. Is there evidence of its effectiveness? d. Variety
Answer: B Answer: D

25. Your father wanted to finish his long dreamed 5. With increasing use of educational technology
course but he wanted to do it at home during his inside the classroom, what role is expected of the
free time. Would you recommend an online learning? teacher?
a. Yes, because online learning is the "in" thing a. Facilitator
b. No, because online learning inhibits student- b. Researcher
teacher interaction. c. Knowledge giver
c. No, because hiring a helper would enable him to d. Source of information
attend regularly in his class. Answer: A
d. Yes, because he could learn at his own pace using
a wide spectrum of technologies. 6. It is impractical to bring real objects to the
Answer: D classroom so Aaron constructed a three-dimensional
visual instead. Which of the following did he
PART II construct?
a. Chart
1. Ms. Delos Santos is a fresh graduate teacher who b. Cartoon
was hired to teach in an elementary school where c. Model
there are enough resources for instruction. She d. Graphic organizer
wanted to start preparing her instructional Answer: C
materials. Which is the most systematic process in
doing this? 7. You asked your students to show a two-
a. Design, utilization, evaluation, development dimensional illustration of what they have
b. Design, development, utilization, evaluation understood from what they have read. Which of the
c. Development, design, utilization, evaluation following non-projected visuals are you referring
d. Development, utilization, evaluation, design to?
Answer: B a. Graphic organizer
b. Print materials
2. Which is the most important reason why teachers c. Model
need to preview their instructional materials that d. Realia
will be used in the class? Answer: A
a. To gain confidence in using them
b. To encourage viewers to be more focused
c. To avoid potential problems that might occur 8. There are several reasons why teachers are
while materials are in use reluctant in using electronic media in the teaching-
d. To ensure appropriateness of the materials with learning process. Which is the most common reason?
the objectives and target audience a. The limited exposure of teachers to new
Answer: D equipment
b. Their incompatibility to diverse needs of the a. Computers can be used for entertainment.
learners b. Computers can be used for research activity.
c. The difficulty in integrating technology in the c. Computers can be used for interactive
curriculum presentation.
d. The excessive availability of local technology in d. Computers can be used to reinforce discussion of
the community difficult concepts in class.
Answer: A Answer: A

9. Prof. Mandanas would like to use an audio 14. Computers can be classified according to the
compact disc in teaching a lesson in Filipino. In roles they play namely communicative tool,
which activity in the teaching-learning process is it informative tool, and constructive tool. What is the
very effective? other role of computers not mentioned in this item?
a. In developing listening skills a. Instructional tool
b. In teaching creating thinking b. Situating tool
c. In composing poems c. Utility tool
d. In building concepts d. Application tool
Answer: A Answer: B

10. Plants, pebbles, and blocks are just some of the 15. Which of the following categories of CAI will
effective instructional materials readily found in you use in your class if your objective is to increase
the environment if they are utilized properly. proficiency in a newly learned skill or refresh an
Which of the following is INCORRECT about their existing one?
classroom use? a. Tutorial
a. Pass a single object around the class. b. Simulation
b. Familiarize yourself with the object or model c. Drill and practice
before its actual utilization. d. Instructional game
c. Use the objects as springboard in encouraging Answer: C
students' active participation.
d. Make sure that the realia and model are large 16. Which of the following is an ineffective use of
enough to be seen by the whole class. Presentation software?
Answer: A a. Darken the room.
b. Use appropriate pacing.
11. Prof. Ruiz uses projected visuals such as Digital c. Read directly from the slides.
Liquid Projector (DLP) in presenting her lesson. d. Allow interaction with the learner.
What could be her main reason for using it? Answer: C
a. The projected materials are readily available.
b. They are more abstract than any other visuals. 17. Which of the following is NOT an example of a
c. Most projected visuals can be obtained at no communicative tool?
cost. a. Chat
d. She can easily prepare for own transparencies in b. Electronic mail
advance. c. Teleconferencing
Answer: A d. Multimedia encyclopedia
Answer: D
12. Ms. Samonte used a film clip in teaching Social
Studies concepts to her First Year High School 18. Why is one-way delivery of information a misuse
class. However, she found out that it was of communication tools?
ineffectively used in the classroom. When is a. Because the teacher expects the student to
technology considered INEFFECTIVE? study more
a. When it promotes mastery of the lesson b. Because it requires activities that focus on
b. When it makes viewing more interesting thinking than responding
c. When it helps attain the objectives of the lesson c. Because it enables the users to focus more on
d. When it induces alienation on the part of the higher level cognitive activities
learners d. Because this kind of practice lessens interaction
Answer: D capabilities of communication tools
Answer: D
13. Your principal purchased new computer units for
your Learning Resource Center. Which of the 19. Internet consists of thousands of connected
following should be your last consideration in using computer networks around the world. Which term
the technology? does not refer to internet?
a. NET b. When the course requires more face-to-face
b. On-line communication between the students and teachers.
c. Cyberspace c. When students depend more on their online
d. Information Superhighway mentor.
Answer: B d. When there is student to student interaction.
Answer: A
20. Which technology tool can Prof. Soriano use to
communicate asynchronously with her students?
a. Chat and blog
b. Chat and instant messaging
c. Blog and video conferencing
d. Electronic bulletin board and email
Answer: D

21. In your computer subject, you allow your class

to chat as part of your motivation before discussing
to them the roles of computer as a tool. How is chat
used in t his context?
a. Information tool
b. Application tool
c. Communicative tool
d. Situating tool
Answer: B

22. Which statement is INCORRECT about

computer conferencing?
a. It refers to live student interaction with an
b. It is also known as discussion forum or bulletin
c. It also refers to online class discussions, forums
or debates.
d. It permits two or more individuals
Answer: A

23. Which instructional application will you

introduce to your class if your objective is to help
them find and use information resources available in
the internet?
a. Webquests
b. Hybrid course
c. Scavenger Hunt
d. Distance education
Answer: C

24. In the delivery of distance education, what

computer application is used to organize
instructions and track students records and
a. Computer-based Multimedia
b. Computer-assisted Instruction
c. Computer-mediated Education
d. Computer-managed Instruction
Answer: B

25. When is distance education as effective as the

traditional instruction?
a. When the method, technologist and assessment
used are appropriate to the required competencies.
discussing thoroughly the lesson to determine the
Assessment and Evaluation of Learning programs of learning.
PART I c. Ms. Ventura who gave 10-item test to find out
the specific lessons which the students failed to
1. Who among the teachers described below is doing understand.
assessment? d. Mrs. Lopez who administered a readiness test to
a. Mrs. Bautista who is administering a test to her the incoming grade one pupils.
students. Answer: C
b. Mr. Ferrer who is counting the scores obtained
by the students in his test. 6. You are assessing for learning. Which of these
c. Ms. Leyva who is computing the final grade of the will you likely do?
students after completing all their requirements. a. Giving grades to students
d. Prof. Cuevas who is planning for a remedial b. Reporting to parents the performance of their
instruction after knowing that students perform child.
poorly in her test c. Recommending new policies in grading students.
Answer: C d. Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of
2. Mr. Fernandez is judging the accuracy of these Answer: D
statements. Which statements will he consider as
correct? 7. Ms. Saplan is planning to do an assessment of
I. Test is a tool to measure a trait. learning. Which of these should she include in her
II. Measurement is the process of qualifying a given plan considering her purpose for assessment?
trait. a. How to give immediate feedback to student's
III. Assessment is the gathering of quantitative strengths and weaknesses
and qualitative data. b. How to determine the area of interest of
IV. Evaluation is the analysis of quantitative and learners
qualitative data for decision making c. How to certify student's achievement
A. I and II only d. How to design one's instruction
b. III and IV only Answer: C
c. I, II, and III
d. I, III and IV
Answer: D 8. You targeted that after instruction, your
students should be able to show their ability to
3. If I have to use the most authentic method of solve problems with speed and accuracy. You then
assessment, which of these procedures should I designed a tool to measure this ability. What
consider? principle of assessment did you consider in this
a. Traditional Test situation?
b. Performance-based Assessment a. Assessment should be based on clear and
c. Written Test appropriate learning targets or objectives.
d. Objective Assessment b. Assessment should have a positive consequence
Answer: B on student's learning
c. Assessment should be reliable.
4. After doing the exercise on verbs, Ms. Borillo d. Assessment should be fair.
gave a short quiz to find out how well students have Answer: A
understood the lesson. What type of assessment
was done? 9. Ms. Ortega tasked her students to show how to
a. Summative Assessment play basketball. What learning target is she
b. Formative Assessment assessing?
c. Diagnostic Assessment a. Knowledge
d. Placement Assessment b. Reasoning
Answer: B c. Skills
d. Products
5. Who among the teachers below performed a Answer: C
diagnostic assessment?
a. Ms. Santos who asked questions when the 10. Mr. Ravelas made an essay test for the
discussion was going on to know who among h er objective "Identify the planets in the solar
students understood what she was trying to system". Was the assessment method used the
emphasize. most appropriate for the given objective? Why?
b. Mr. Colubong who gave a short quiz after a. Yes, because essay test is easier to construct
than objective test. principles of assessment?
b. Yes, because essay test can measure any type of a. Teacher A
objective. b. Teacher B
c. No, he should have conducted oral questioning. c. Both Teacher A and B
d. No, he should have prepared an objective test. d. Neither Teacher A nor Teacher B
Answer: D Answer: A

11. Mr. Cidro wants to test students' knowledge of 15. Which is true about the given case?
the different places in the Philippines, their capital a. Objective A matched with performance-based
and their products and so he gave his students an assessment while B can be assessed using the
essay test. If you were the teacher, will you do the traditional pen-and-paper objective test.
same? b. Objective A matched with traditional assessment
a. No, the giving of an objective test is more while B can be assessed using a performance-based
appropriate than the use of essay. method.
b. No, such method of assessment is inappropriate c. Both objective A and B matched with
because essay is difficult. performance-based assessment.
c. Yes, essay test could measure more than what d. Both objective A and B matched with traditional
other tests could measure. assessment.
d. Yes, essay test is the best in measuring any type Answer: A
of knowledge.
Answer: A 16. In the context of the Theory of Multiple
Intelligence, which is a weakness of the paper-
12. What type of validity does the Pre-board pencil test?
examination possess if its results can explain how a. It puts non-linguistically intelligent at a
the students will likely perform in their licensure disadvantage.
examination? b. It is not easy to administer.
a. Concurrent c. It utilizes so much time.
b. Predictive d. It lacks reliability.
c. Construct Answer: A
d. Content
Answer: B 17. Mr. Umayam is doing a performance-based
assessment for the day's lesson. Which of the
13. Ms. Aviz wants to determine if the students' following will most likely happen?
scores in their Final Test is reliable. However, she a. Students are evaluated in one sitting.
has only one set of test and her students are b. Students do an actual demonstration of their
already on vacation. What test of reliability can she skill.
employ? c. Students are evaluated in the most objective
a. Test-Retest manner.
b. Kuder Richardson Method d. Students are evaluated based on varied evidences
c. Equivalent Forms of learning
d. Test-Retest with Equivalent Forms Answer: B
Answer: B
18. Ms. del Rosario rated her students in terms of
Refer to this case in answering items 14-15 appropriate and effective use of some laboratory
Two teachers of the same grade level have set the equipment and measurement tools and the students
following objectives for the day's lesson. At the ability to follow the specified procedures. What
end of the period, the students should be able to: mode of assessment should Miss del Rosario use?
a. Construct bar graph, and a. Portfolio Assessment
b. Interpret bar graphs b. Journal Assessment
c. Traditional Assessment
To assess the attainment of the objectives, d. Performance-based Assessment
Teacher A required the students to construct a bar Answer: D
graph for the given set of data then she asked
them to interpret this using a set of questions as 19. Mrs. Hilario presented the lesson on baking
guide. Teacher B presented a bar graph then asked through a group activity so that the students will
them to interpret this using also a set of guide not just learn how to bake but also develop their
questions. interpersonal skills. How should this lesson be
14. Whose practice is acceptable based on the I. She should give the students an essay test
explaining how they baked the cake. I. Objective in a high level of cognitive behavior
II. The students should be graded on the quality of II. Multiple criteria in assessing learning
their baked cake using a rubric. III. Quantitative descriptions of the quality of
III. The students in a group should rate the work
members based on their ability to cooperate in IV. Qualitative descriptions of the quality of work
their group activity. a. I and II only
IV. She should observe how the pupils perform b. II, III and IV only
their tasks. c. I, II and III
d. I, II, III and IV
a. I, II, and III only Answer: B
b. I, III, and IV only
c. I, II and IV only 25. The pupils are to be judged individually on their
d. I, II, III, and IV mastery of the singing of the national anthem so
Answer: C their teacher let them sing individually. What
should the teacher use in rating the performance of
20. If a teacher has set objectives in all domains or the pupils considering the fact that the teacher has
learning targets and which could be assessed using a only one period to spend in evaluating her 20 pupils?
single performance task, what criterion in selecting a. Analytic
a task should she consider? b. Holistic
a. Generalizability c. Either holistic or analytic
b. Fairness d. Both holistic and analytic
c. Multiple Foci Answer: B
d. Teachability
Answer: C PART II

21. Which term refers to the collection of 1. Mrs. Pua is judging the worth of the project of
students' products and accomplishments in a given the students in her Science class based on a set of
period for evaluation purposes? criteria. What process describes what she is doing?
a. Diary a. Testing
b. Portfolio b. Measuring
c. Anecdotal record c. Evaluating
d. Observation report d. Assessing
Answer: B Answer: C

22. Mrs. Catalan allowed the students to develop 2. Mrs. Acebuche is comparing measurement from
their own portfolio in their own style as long as they evaluation. Which statement explains the
show all the non-negotiable evidences of learning. difference?
What principle in portfolio assessment explains this a. Measurement is assigning a numerical value to a
practice? given trait while evaluation is giving meaning to the
a. Content Principle numerical value of the trait.
b. Learning Principle b. Measurement is the process of gathering while
c. Equity Principle evaluation is the process of quantifying the data
d. Product Principle gathered.
Answer: C c. Measurement is the process of quantifying data
while evaluation is the process of organizing data.
23. How should the following steps in portfolio d. Measurement is a pre-requisite of assessment
assessment be arranged logically? while evaluation is the pre-requisite of testing.
I. Set targets Answer: A
II. Select evidences
III. Collect evidences 3. Ms. Ricafort uses alternative methods of
IV. Rate Collection assessment. Which of the following will she not
V. Reflect on Evidences likely use?
a. I, II, III, IV, V a. Multiple Choice Test
b. I, III, II, V, IV b. Reflective Journal Writing
c. I, II, III, V, IV c. Oral Presentation
d. I, III, V, II, IV d. Developing Portfolios
Answer: B Answer: A

24. Which could be seen in a rubric? 4. Ms. Camba aims to measure a product of learning.
Which of these objectives will she most likely set Answer: C
for her instruction?
a. Show positive attitude towards learning common 9. Mrs. Nogueras is doing an assessment of learning.
nouns At what stage of instruction should she do it?
b. Identify common nouns in a reading selection a. Before instruction
c. Construct a paragraph using common nouns b. After instruction
d. User a common noun in a sentence c. Prior to instruction
Answer: C d. During the instructional process
Answer: D
5. The students of Mrs. Valino are very noisy. To
keep them busy, they were given any test available 10. Mr. Cartilla developed an Achievement Test in
in the classroom and then the results were graded Math for her grade three pupils. Before she
as a way to punish them. Which statement best finalized the test she examined carefully if the
explains if the practice is acceptable or not? test items were constructed based on the
a. The practice is acceptable because the students competencies that have to be tested. What test of
behaved well when they were given a test. validity was she trying to establish?
b. The practice is not acceptable because it violates a. Content-validity
the principle of reliability. b. Concurrent validity
c. The practice is not acceptable because it violates c. Predictive validity
the principle of validity. d. Construct validity
d. The practice is acceptable since the test results Answer: A
are graded.
Answer: C 11. Mrs. Robles wants to establish the reliability of
her achievement test in English. Which of the
6. Ms. Delos Angeles advocates assessment for following activities will help achieve her purpose?
learning. Which will she NOT likely do? a. Administer two parallel tests to different groups
a. Formative Assessment of students.
b. Diagnostic Assessment b. Administer two equivalent tests to the same
c. Placement Assessment group of students
d. Summative Assessment c. Administer a single test but two different groups
Answer: A of students.
d. Administer two different tests but to the same
7. At the beginning of the school year, the 6-year group of students.
old pupils were tested to find out who among them Answer: B
can already read. The result was used to determine
their sections. What kind of test was given to Refer to the situation below in answer items 12 and
them? 13
a. Diagnostic A teacher set the following objectives for the
b. Formative day's lesson:
c. Placement At the end of the period, the students should be
d. Summative able to:
Answer: C a. Identify the parts of friendly letter
b. Construct a friendly letter using the MS Word,
8. The grade six pupils were given a diagnostic test c. Show interest towards the day's lesson
in addition and subtraction of whole numbers to find To assess the attainment of the objectives, Ms.
out if they can proceed to the next unit. However, Cidro required the students to construct friendly
the results of the test were very low. What should letter and have it encoded at their Computer
the teacher do? Laboratory using the MS Word. The letter should
a. Proceed to the next lesson to be able to finish all inform one's friend about what one has learned in
the topics in the course. the day's lesson and how one felt about it.
b. Construct another test parallel to the given test
to determine the consistency of the scores. 12. Which is NOT true about the given case?
c. Count the frequency of errors to find out the a. Ms. Cidro practices a balanced assessment.
lessons that the majority of students need to b. Ms. Cidro's assessment method is performance-
relearn. based.
d. Record the scores then inform the parents about c. Ms. Cidro needs a rubric in scoring the work of
the very poor performance of their child in the students.
mathematics. d. Ms. Cidro's assessment targets are all in the
cognitive domain. asked them to solve the word problem they
Answer: D constructed.
c. Mrs. Malang who asked her pupils to construct
13. If Mr. Paraiso will have to make a scoring rubric any word problem that involves the four
for the student's output, what format is better to fundamental operations and then asked them to
construct considering that the teacher has limited show how to solve it.
time to evaluate their work? d. Mrs. Pontipedra who asked her pupils to
a. Analytic Rubric construct any word problem that involves the four
b. Holistic Rubric fundamental operations then formed them by twos
c. Either A or B so that each pair exchanged problems and help solve
d. Neither A nor B each other's problem.
Answer: B Answer: D

14. The school principal has 3 teacher applicants all 18. Which is wrong to assume about traditional
of whom graduated from the same institution and assessment?
are licensed teachers. She only needs to hire one. a. It can assess individuals objectively.
What should she do to choose the best teacher b. It can assess individuals at the same time.
from the three? c. It is easier to administer than performance test.
I. Give them a placement test. d. It can assess fairly all the domains of intelligence
II. Interview them on why they want to apply in the of an individual
school. Answer: D
III. Let them demonstrate how to teach a
particular lesson. 19. Which statement about performance-based
IV. Study their portfolios to examine the qualities assessment is FALSE?
of the students' outputs when they were in College. a. It emphasizes merely process.
a. I and II. b. It also stresses doing, not only knowing.
b. II and III. c. It accentuates on process as well as product.
c. I and III, IV d. Essay tests are an example of performance-
d. II, III and IV based assessments.
Answer: D Answer: A

15. What should be done first when planning for a 20. Under which assumption is portfolio assessment
performance-based assessment? based?
a. Determine the "table of specifications" of the a. Portfolio assessment is a dynamic assessment.
tasks b. Assessment should stress the reproduction of
b. Set the competency to be assessed. knowledge.
c. Set the criteria in scoring the task. c. An individual learner is adequately characterized
d. Prepare a scoring rubric. by a test score.
Answer: B d. An individual learner is inadequately
characterized by a test score.
16. To maximize the amount of time spent for Answer: D
performance-based assessment, which one should
be done? 21. Which is a good portfolio evidence of a
a. Plan a task that can be used for instruction and student's acquired knowledge and writing skills?
assessment at the same time. a. Project
b. Assess one objective for one performance task. b. Test Results
c. Set objectives only for cognitive domains. c. Reflective Journal
d. Limit the task to one meeting only. d. Critiqued Outputs
Answer: A Answer: C

17. Who among the teachers below gave the most 22. When planning for portfolio assessment, which
authentic assessment task for the objective "Solve should you do first?
word problems involving the four basic operations" a. Set the targets for portfolio assessment.
a. Mrs. Juliano who presented a word problem b. Exhibit one's work and be proud of one's
involving a four fundamental operations and then collection
asked the pupils to solve it. c. Select evidences that could be captured in one's
b. Mrs. Mandia who asked her pupils to construct a portfolio
word problem for a given number sentence that d. Reflect on one's collection and identify strengths
involves four fundamental operations and then and weaknesses
Answer: A 3. What is the performance of a student in the
National Achievement Test (NAT) if he
23. Which kind of rubric is best to use in rating obtained/got a stanine score of 5?
students' projects done for several days? a. Between average and above average
a. Analytic b. Between average and below average
b. Holistic c. Below average
c. Either holistic or analytic d. Average
d. Both holistic and analytic Answer: D
Answer: A
4. Based on the figure, which is true about the
24. Which is not true of an analytic rubric? distribution?
a. It is time consuming a. Mean=55, median=48, mode=34
b. It is easier to construct than the holistic rubric b. Mean=46, median=40, mode=37
c. It gives one's level of performance per criterion c. Mean=63, median=63, mode=63
d. It allows one to pinpoint the strengths and d. The distribution is mesokrutic
weaknesses of one's work.
Answer: B

25. Mrs. Bacani prepared a rubric with 5 levels of

performance described in 5-excellent, 4-very
satisfactory, 3-satisfactory, 2 needs improvement,
1-poor. After using this rubric with these
descriptions, she found out that most of her
students had a rating of 3. Even those who are Answer: C
evidently poor in their performance had a rating of
satisfactory. Cold there be a possible error in the 5. If quartile deviation is to median, what is to
use of the rubric? mean?
a. Yes, the teacher could have committed the a. Standard deviation
generosity error. b. Mode
b. Yes, the teacher could have committed the c. Range
central tendency source of error. d. Variance
c. No, it is just common to see more of the students Answer: A
having grade of 3 in a 5-point scale.
d. No, such result is acceptable as long as it has a 6. In a normal distribution, which of the following is
positive consequence to the students. true?
Answer: B a. median=mode=mean
b. median≠mode=mean
PART iii c. median≠mode≠mean
d. Mean=median=mode
1. In a positively skewed distribution, the following Answer: D
statement are true except
a. Median is higher than the mode. 7. Which of the following situations may lower the
b. Mean is higher than the Media. validity of test?
c. Mean is lower than the Mode. a. Mrs. Josea increases the number of items
d. Mean is not lower than the Mode. measuring each specific skill from three to five.
Answer: C b. Mr. Santosa simplifies the language in the
directions for the test.
2. Which of the following questions indicate a norm c. Miss. Lopeza removes the items in the
- referred interpretation? achievement test that everyone would be able to
a. How does the pupils test performance in our answer correctly.
school compare with that of other schools?: d. None of the above.
b. How does a pupil's test performance in reading Answer: D
and mathematics compare?
c. What type of remedial work will be most helpful
for a slow- learning pupil? 8. In a negatively skewed distribution, which of the
d. Which pupils have achieved master of following statements is true?
computational skills? a. Mode is lower than the mean.
Answer: A b. Mean is lower than the mode.
c. Median is higher than the mode.
d. Mode is lower than the median. Answer: C
Answer: B
16. Which statements represent criterion-
9. In a negatively skewed distribution, the following referenced interpretation?
statements are true EXCEPT? a. Lucresia did better in solving the linear equation
a. Mean is not higher than the median than 80% of representative Algebra students.
b. Median is lower than the mode. b. Lucresia's score indicates that she is able to
c. Mean is lower than the mode. solve about two thirds of all one-variable linear
d. Mode is less than the median. equations of such complexity.
Answer: D c. Students who have reached Lucresia's level on
linear equations usually succeed in the subsequent
10. Miss Cortez administered a test to her class and unit on simultaneous equations with special help or
the result is positively skewed. What kind of test extra time; i.e., Lucresia is ready to move ahead.
do you think Miss Cortez gave to her pupils? d. All of the above
a. Post test Answer: B
b. Pretest
c. Mastery test 17. Bernard obtained a 97 percentile rank in an
d. Criterion-referenced test aptitude test. This means
Answer: B a. He answered 97% of the items correctly.
b. He belongs to the 97% of the group who took the
11. The result of the test given by teacher A test.
showed a negatively skewed distribution. What kind c. 79% of the examinees did better than her on the
of test did Teacher A give? test.
a. The test is difficult d. He surpassed 97% of those who took the test.
b. It is not too easy nor too difficult Answer: D
c. It is moderately difficult
d. It is easy 18. Which set of scores has the least variability?
Answer: D Set 1 0,5,10,15,20
Set 2 25,35,45,55
12. When the distribution is skewed to the right, Set 3 0,2,8,15,20
what kind of test was administered? Set 4 505,501,503
a. Difficult a. Set 1
b. Easy b. Set 2
c. Average/moderately difficult c. Set 3
d. Partly easy- partly difficult d. Set 4
Answer: A Answer: D

13. In a negatively skewed distribution, what kind of 19. Standard deviation is to variability as mode to?
students does Teacher B have? a. Correlation
a. Very good b. Discrimination
b. Very poor c. Central tendency
c. Average d. Level of difficulty
d. Heterogeneous Answer: C
Answer: A
20. Goring performed better than 65% of the total
14. In a positively skewed distribution, the students number of examinees in the district achievement
are? test. What is his percentile rank?
a. Very good a. P35
b. Very poor b. P65
c. Average c. P66
d. Normally distributed d. P75
Answer: B Answer: B

15. In a positively skewed distribution, which of the 21. Which is a guidance function of a test?
following statements is true? a. Identifying pupils who need corrective teaching
a. Mode = 67 while Media = 54 b. Predicting success in future academic and
b. Median = 53 while Mean = 41 vocational education
c. Mean = 73 while Mode = 49 c. Assigning marks for courses taken
d. Median = 34 while Mode = 42 d. Grouping pupils for instruction within a class
Answer: B Answer: A

22. Mr. Reyes, an elementary school teacher in 3. Miss Corteza administered a test to her class and
Science found out that many of his pupils got very the result is positively skewed. What kind of test
high scores in the test. What measure of central do you think Miss Corteza gave to her pupils?
tendency should he use to describe their average a. Posttest
performance in the subject? b. Pretest
a. Mean c. Mastery test
b. Median d. Criterion-referenced test
c. Mode Answer: B
d. Range
Answer: B 4. In his second item analysis, Mr. Gonzales found
out that more from the lower group got the test
23. Which of the following indicates how item 15 correctly. What does this mean?
compressed or expanded the distribution of scores a. The item has become more valid
is? b. The item has become more reliable
a. Measures of position c. The item has a positive discriminating power
b. Measures of central tendency d. The item has a negative discriminating power
c. Measures of correlation Answer: D
d. Measures of variability
Answer: D 5. Q1 is 25th percentile as media is to what
24. The proportion passing the upper and lower a. 40th percentile
group is .80 and .95, respectively. What is the index b. 60th percentile
of difficulty? c. 50th percentile
a. .38 d. 75th percentile
b. .40 Answer: C
c. .58
d. 1.02 6. Which is implied by a positively skewed scores
Answer: C distribution?
a. The mean, the median, and the mode are equal.
25. Mr. Gringo tried to correlate the scores of his b. Most of the scores are high
pupils in the Social studies test with their grades in c. Most of the scores are low.
the same subject last 3rd quarter. What test d. The mode is high
validity is he trying to establish? Answer: C
a. Content validity
b. Construct validity 7. In a normal distribution curve, what does a T-
c. Concurrent validity score of 60 mean?
d. Criterion related validity a. Two SDs below the mean
Answer: C b. Two SDs below the mean
c. One SD below the mean
PART IV d. One SD above the mean
Answer: D
1. If a test item has a difficulty index of 0.06, how
would you describe the test item?
a. It is very easy. For items 8 to 13, what does each
b. It is moderately difficulty. figure/distribution on the right indicate?
c. It is very difficult
d. It is difficult 8. a. mean > median > mode
Answer: C b. mean < mode > median
c. mean > mode < median
2. Two sections have the same mean but the d. mean < median < mode
standard deviation of section 2 is higher than
section 1. Which of the two sections is more
a. Section 1
b. Section 2
c. Both A and B
d. None of the above
Answer: D Answer: C

9. a. mode < mean < median 13. a. unequal means, equal standard deviations
b. mode > mean > median b. equal means, unequal standard deviations
c. median < mode > mean c. equal means, equal standard deviations
d. none of the above d. unequal means, unequal standard deviations

Answer: D Answer: D

10. a. equal means, unequal standard deviations 14. In conducting a parent- teacher conference,
b. equal means, equal standard deviations which of the following is NOT true?
c. unequal means, equal standard deviations a. Be friendly and informal
d. unequal means unequal standard deviations b. Be a know-it-all person
c. Be willing to accept suggestions
d. Be careful in giving advice
Answer: B

15. In a frequency distribution, what is the midpoint

of the class interval whose lower and upper limits
are 99.5 and 109.5?
a. 107.0
Answer: A b. 105.0
c. 104.5
11. a unequal means, equal standard deviations d. 102.5
b. unequal means, equal standard deviations Answer: C
c. equal means, equal standard deviations
d. equal means, unequal standard deviations 16. In a frequency distribution, what is the interval
size of the class whose lower and upper limits are
9.5 and 19.5?
a. 11.0
b. 10.0
c. 9.0
d. 5.0
Answer: B
Answer: A
17. Given a mean of 55 and a standard deviation of
8, what two scores include one standard deviation
12. a. unequal variability, equal means, different
below and above the mean?
a. 46 and 63
b. unequal means, equal variability, different shapes
b. 47 and 64
c. equal variability, equal means, different shapes
c. 47 and 63
d. unequal variability, unequal means, different
d. 46 and 64
Answer: C
18. Given the same mean of 55 and standard d. .70
deviation of 8, what score corresponds to two Answer: C
standard deviation above the mean?
a. 70 24. Which is an example of affective learning
b. 71 outcome?
c. 72 a. Interpret stimuli from various modalities to
d. 73 provide data needed in making adjustments to the
Answer: B environment
b. Judge problem and issues in terms of situations
19. What principle of test construction is violated involved than in terms of fixed dogmatic thinking
when one places very difficult items at the c. Appreciate the quality and worth of the story
beginning; thus creating frustration among students read
particularly those of average ability and below d. None of the above
average? Answer: B
a. All the items of particular type should be placed
together in the test. 25. Mr. Mirasol who is a high school teacher in
b. The items should be phrased so that the content English conducted an item analysis of her test. She
rather than the form of the statements will found out that four of the items of the test
determine the answer. obtained the following difficulty and discrimination
c. All items should be approximately 50 percent indices and as follows:
d. The items of any particular type should be Item Difficulty Discrimination
arranged in an ascending order of difficulty. Number Index Index
Answer: D
1 .58 .49

20. Mrs. Reyes would like to find out how well her 2 .92 .72
students know each other. What assessment
3 .09 .32
instrument would best suit her objective?
a. Self-report instrument 4 .93 .15
b. Sociometric technique
c. Guess-who technique Which of the above items should be discard in her
d. All of the above item pool?
Answer: C a. Item 1
b. Item 2
21. Mr. Reyes asked his pupils to indicate on the c. Item 3
piece of paper the names of their classmates whom d. Item 4
they would like to be with for some group activity, Answer: D
what assessment technique did Mr. Reyes use?
a. Self-report technique
b. Guess-who technique
c. Sociometric technique
d. Anecdotal technique
Answer: C

22. Which of the following assessment

procedures/tools is useful in assessing social
relation skills?
a. Anecdotal record
b. Attitude scale
c. Peer appraisal
d. any of the above
Answer: C

23. If the proportion passing for the upper and

lower group is .90 and .30 respectively, what is the
discrimination index?
a. .40
b. .50
c. .60
Teahing Profession parents under Education Act of 1982?
PART I a. The right to academic freedom
b. The right to privacy of communication
1. Which of the following emphasizes the right of c. The right to seek redress of grievance
citizens to quality education? d. The right to full access to the evidence of the
a. The basic education level case
b. Tertiary level Answer: C
c. The graduate level
d. All levels
Answer: D 8. What can help achieve relevant quality education?
a. Strong curriculum
2. Which educational level/s provide/s for free and b. Competent instruction
compulsory education as stipulated in Article IV, c. School-community relations
Section 2 of the Philippine Constitution? d. Competent administrator
a. Elementary level Answer: B
b. Secondary level
c. Elementary and secondary levels 9. Which of the following provisions under the
d. Tertiary level Magna Carta for Public School Teachers will most
Answer: C likely promote teachers' welfare and defend their
3. Who among the following is in the category a. Be promoted in rank and salary
of non-academic personnel as provided for under b. Regulate their social involvement
Education Act of 1982? c. Undergo and participate in professional
a. Guidance counselors development
b. School principal d. Establish, join and maintain professional and self-
c. School nurse regulation organizations
d. School librarian Answer: D
Answer: C
10. What does "teachers are persons in authority"
4. How is gradual progression of teacher's salary imply?
from minimum to maximum done? a. Teachers cannot be charged.
a. Regular increment every year b. No person can assault a teacher.
b. Increment after ten years of service c. Teachers have immunity from arrest.
c. Regular increment every 3 years d. Decisions made by teachers are deemed right.
d. Increment after five years Answer: B
Answer: C
11. Who among the following characterizes a
5. Which of the following is NOT recognized by the professional teacher?
Magna Carta for Public School Teachers? a. An education graduate who received honors
a. Quality education depends primarily on the b. A teacher who has taught for at least six years
quality of socio-economic status of teachers. c. A teacher who has attended national seminars on
b. Advancement in education depends on the teaching
teachers' qualifications and ability. d. A teacher who qualifies for a permanent position
c. Education is an essential factor in the economic under RA 4670
growth of the nation. Answer: D
d. Education is development and vice-versa.
Answer: D 12. Who are covered by RA 4670?
a. Teachers in all levels
6. What appointment can be given to Teacher A who b. Teachers in all public elementary schools
possesses the minimum qualifications but lacks the c. Teachers in both public and private schools
appropriate but lacks the appropriate civil service d. Teachers in public elementary and secondary
eligibility? schools
a. Contractual basis Answer: D
b. Permanent
c. Provisional 13. Teacher B has been in active service for 10
d. Substitute years when he decided to pursue higher studies.
Answer: C Under RA 4670, what kind of leave of absence can
s/he avail of?
7. Which of the following rights is intended for a. Indefinite leave
b. Scholarship leave b. Personal leave
c. Study leave c. Vacation leave
d. Vacation leave d. Indefinite leave
Answer: C Answer: D

14. When can teachers be required to work on 20. A school personnel can avail of free legal
assignment not related to their duties? service under certain circumstances. Principal I was
a. When on probation accused of maligning her neighbor. Is Principal I
b. When found inefficient entitled to the said service?
c. When lacking in educational qualifications a. Yes, she should defend herself.
d. When compensated under existing laws b. No, if funds are not available.
Answer: D c. No, it might bring some disagreements in school
d. No, the case is not related to her professional
15. Teacher C has been teaching 7 straight years duties.
and therefore qualities for a study leave with pay Answer: D
for one year. Should she pursue it, how much pay is
she entitled to receive? 21. Teacher J discusses conflicts between warring
a. 50% of monthly salary groups in Mindanao. Which pillar should he stress
b. 60% of monthly salary more?
c. 70% of monthly salary a. Learning to be
d. 100% monthly salary b. Learning to live together
Answer: B c. Learning to do
d. Learning to know
16. Which of the following laws strengthens teacher Answer: B
education in the Philippines through the
establishment of centers of excellence? 22. Teacher K teaches in a public school in her
a. RA 7722 locality. Due to teacher shortage, her classroom
b. RA 7784 teaching starts from 6 am and ends at 3 pm. Is the
c. RA 7796 assignment given her just?
d. RA 7834 a. Yes, the situation demands that she render
Answer: B longer teaching hours.
b. Yes, as long as she signs a conforme letter to
17. What does free public secondary educational that effect.
under the law mean? c. No, rendering longer teaching hours would make
a. Right of every student to enter public secondary the teacher tired and exhausted.
schools d. No, Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
b. Free from being screened to enter pubic states that in the exigencies of service, any
secondary schools teacher may be required to render more than six
c. Free from payment of school fees identifies and hours and n ot more than eight hours of actual
authorized by law classroom teaching a day.
d. Free from payment of tuition and other fees for Answer: D
students enrolled in public secondary schools
Answer: D 23. Teacher L, a graduate of BSEd with majorship
in Mathematics teaches in a national high school in
18. Teacher D is assigned in a rural area; Teacher E her province. Since she has been rated outstanding
in a depressed community; Teacher F in a hazardous in her performance, can she be exempted from
area; and Teacher G in a place where standard of taking the LET?
living is high. Who is entitled to a hardship a. Yes, that is a privilege that must be given to
allowance? teachers whose performance is outstanding.
a. Teacher D b. Yes, if approved by PRC.
b. Teacher E c. No, RA 7836 states that no person shall practice
c. Teacher F or offer to practice the teaching profession in the
d. Teacher G Philippines or be appointed as teacher to any
Answer: C position calling for a teaching position without
having previously obtained a valid certificate and a
19. Teacher H contracted an illness that required valid license from the Commission.
rest for more than one year. Which leave should d. No, professional license is required of all
she apply for? teachers regardless of age and teaching
a. Sick leave performance.
Answer: C her act ethical?
a. Yes, provided she receives jut compensation.
24. Which of the following statements is NOT true b. Yes, provided she does not require a fee from
about the Code of Ethics for Professional the parent.
Teachers? c. No, that is unfair to other students.
a. The teacher must select which information to d. No, she should be free after her official time.
keep confidential Answer: B
b. The teacher must demonstrate full commitment
and devotion to duty 5. Teacher P, the English coordinator, was assisted
c. The teacher must manifest pride in the nobility by Teacher Q throughout the celebration of English
of the teaching profession Week. What could Teacher P do to acknowledge
d. The teacher must make no prejudice or Teacher Q's assistance?
discrimination against any learner a. Buy her a gift
Answer: A b. Keep quiet about the assistance received.
c. Mention formally to the principal the assistance
25. Which of the following could be the reason for received.
the teacher's suspension from the practice of the d. Make an announcement giving due recognition of
teaching profession? the assistance received.
a. Immoral, unprofessional or dishonorable conduct Answer: D
b. Observing proper procedures in obtaining a
certificate of registration 6. Is holding a rally to protest the delay of benefits
c. Faithfulness to the code of ethical and due a person ethically acceptable?
professional standards for professional teachers a. Yes, when hold while on official time.
d. Willingness to attend seminars, workshops, b. Yes, when hold outside the official time.
conferences and the like or the continuing education c. Yes, when hold with approval of the principal.
program prescribed by the Board and the d. Yes, when hold together with parents and
Commission. students.
Answer: A Answer: B

PART II 7. What should a teacher do when he/she falls in

love with his/her student?
1. Ms. Sanchez, a BSE graduate, has not passed the a. Court the student at home.
LET yet. On what capacity can she be hired? b. Propose and marry the student.
a. Permanent status c. Wait till the student is no longer under his/her
b. Emergency status tutelage.
c. Provisional for not less six months d. Act normally as if nothing happens and the
d. Provisional for not less than one year student does not exist.
Answer: D Answer: C

2. Teacher M suffers from hypertension and

experiences difficulty in speech. Which would be 8. When a Principal starts to exercise his/her
affected if he continues teaching? powers over making and promoting students, is
a. Personality his/her action acceptable?
b. Punctuality a. Yes, when the teacher cannot make decision on
c. Effectiveness time.
d. Devotion to duty b. Yes, when there is abuse of judgment on the part
Answer: C of the teacher.
c. No, teachers are more knowledgeable of their
3. Teacher N wants to continue with her study leave student's performance.
for another six months after completing a school d. No, grading and promoting students are exclusive
year. Could she be allowed? functions of teachers.
a. Yes, if her grades are excellent. Answer: B
b. Yes, but without compensation.
c. No, other teachers should have the chance. 9. Teacher R was asked by her principal to teach
d. No, study leave should not exceed one year. pre-school class in addition to her regular grade one
Answer: B class. What will be the basis for her additional
4. Teacher O tutors her students, who have a. Her basic salary
difficulty coping with Math, after class hours. Is b. Performance rating
c. Providing public information of their policies and a. Yes, provided the teacher is compensated.
procedures b. No, because it's not within the regular functions
d. Encouraging appreciation of government agencies of the classroom teacher.
Answer: D c. Yes, because it's part of the teacher's other
10. Which of the following shows responsiveness of d. No, because it's not clearly indicated in the law
public officials and employees? Answer: C
a. Avoiding wastage in public funds
b. Formulating rules and policies regarding work 16. Dr. Velasco, a schools' division superintendent
c. Providing public information of their policies and acted on the complaint filed by a group of parents
procedures against the alleged misconduct of a particular
d. Encouraging appreciation of government services teacher. She issued a memorandum requiring her to
Answer: C take a leave of absence for a week while the
complaint is being heard yet. Was the action of the
11. Teacher S, a Science teacher has been accused superintendent legal?
of sexual harassment by one of her students. What a. Yes, because she is the superintendent.
should the school principal do? b. No, because the complaint has not been heard
a. Ask the teacher to surrender to the police. yet.
b. Tell the teacher to stop reporting to school. c. Yes, the superintendent has disciplinary authority
c. Advice the teacher to transfer to other school. over teachers.
d. Create a committee to investigate the accusation. d. No, the superintendent has no disciplinary
Answer: D authority over teachers.
Answer: C
12. Teacher T receives a love letter from one of her
third year high school students in Eenglish. What 17. A school's academic coordinator has been found
should Mr. Martin do? to have engaged in gambling which has caused him to
a. Read her letter to the class. be absent most of the time. Can his certificate of
b. Let the student express her feelings through registration as a teacher be revoked?
letters. a. No, unless he's proven guilty.
c. Return the letter to the student and tell her not b. No, because he's protected by his rights as a
to do it again. teacher.
d. Surrender the letter to the parent of the c. Yes, because he's incompetent.
student. d. Yes, because habitual gambling is a dishonorable
Answer: C conduct and is against the practice of teaching.
Answer: D
13. Mr. Nico, a Social Science teacher is advocating
reforms which the principal failed to recognize. 18. Mr. Santos is a holder of a valid certificate of
What should the principal do? eligibility as a teacher issued by the Civil Service
a. Subject Mr. Nico to a disciplinary measure. Commissioner and the then DECS, while Mr. Cruz is
b. Just keep quiet about the behavior of Mr. Nico a registered professional. Who is allowed to
c. Call Mr. Nico to the office and clarify things out practice the teaching profession in the Philippines?
with him. a. Mr. Santos, because of his CSC eligibility
d. Send Mr. Nico a memo requiring him to explain his certificate.
behavior. b. Mr. Cruz, because their credentials are both
Answer: C recognized by law.
c. Both of them, because their credentials are both
14. Which of the following manifests "Commitment recognized by law.
to democracy" as explained in RA 6713? d. Neither of the two because they did not take and
a. Maintaining the principle of accountability. pass the LET.
b. Committing to democratic values and ways of life. Answer: C
c. Manifesting by deeds the supremacy of civilian
authority over the military. 19. What is RA 6713 also called?
d. All of the above a. Ethical Standards for public Employees
Answer: D b. Code of Ethical Standards for Government
Officials and Employees
15. Teacher U was ordered by her principal to come c. Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public
to school on four consecutive Saturdays for the Officials and Employees
training of students' editorial staff of their school d. Code of Ethical Standards and Conduct of
paper. Is this allowed under RA 4670? Government Officials and Employees
Answer: C d. All of the above.
Answer: D
20. Teacher V, a BEED graduate is preparing for
the LET. Which of the following should she focus
her attention more?
a. General Education
b. Specialization
c. Professional Education
d. General Education and Professional Education
Answer: D

21. What norm of conduct is manifested by being

loyal to the republic and to the Filipino people?
a. Professionalism
b. Nationalism and Patriotism
c. Responsiveness to the public
d. Honesty
Answer: B

22. Mr. Salazar, a school superintendent, filed his

statement of assets and liabilities upon assuming to
office. Under what ethical standard does this
practice fall?
a. Divestment
b. Prohibited Acts and Transactions
c. Statement of Assets and Liabilities
d. System of Incentives
Answer: C

23. Principal B acted on the letter of complaint

received by his office 30 days after saying he was
preoccupied by more important things the past
days. Is his reason acceptable?
a. Yes, because he has to prioritize things.
b. No, RA 6713 states that public officials and
employees must act promptly on letters and
requests within 15 working days from receipt
c. Yes, because the letter of complaint can wait and
is of no urgency.
d. No, the reason is simple unacceptable.
Answer: B

24. Which of the following is NOT in the norms of

conduct under RA 6713?
a. Professionalism
b. Justness and sincerity
c. Commitment to public interest
d. Responsiveness to the private
Answer: D

25. Which of the following is true about the

teacher as a person under the Code of Ethics for
Professional Teachers?
a. Live with dignity at all times wherever he/she is
b. Serve as a model worthy of emulation
c. Place premium upon self-respect and self-
Social Dimensions in Education a. Increasing commercialization of education and
PART I the corporate takeover of education
b. Weakening of the notion of the "citizen" as a
1. Which of the following conditions manifests unified and unifying concept.
trend of globalization? c. New technologies of information and
a. Establishment of stronger boundaries between communication creates new approaches to learning
and among nations. d. Reduction of state and government support and
b. Increased awareness on the importance of subsidy for education
national cultures and traditions. Answer: A
c. Less and less impact of human activity on the
planet earth. 7. Which of the following aptly describes Marshall
d. The incorporation of local and national economies Mcluhans' concept of global village?
into a worldwide global economy. a. The idea that because of rapid globalization and
Answer: D development in technology, the world has become
one global village where increased diversity and
2. According to the Delors report, there are a difference among people has become more
number of main tensions central to the problems of pronounced than ever.
the twenty first century that we need to overcome. b. Rapid integration of the planet through media and
One of them is the challenge to an individual how he technology where events in one part of the world
or she can adapt to the changing world without could be experienced from other parts in real-time,
forgetting or turning his/her back from the past. similar to what human experience was like when we
What kind of tension or conflict is manifested in lived in small villages.
this situation? c. Global Village is the kind of global world we are
a. Tension between tradition and modernity experiencing, characterized by fundamentalism,
b. Tension between the global and the local apathy and conflict brought about by clashes of
c. Tension between the universal and the individual cultures.
d. Tension between long term and short term d. People's cultural and religious identities will be
considerations the primary source of conflict in the post-Cold War
Answer: B world as evidenced by the conflict between
fundamentalist Muslims and the western world.
3. Which of the following features represents the Answer: A
new paradigm shift in education?
a. Traditional pedagogies
b. Lifelong education for all 8. When planning her lessons and units, Mrs. Jones
c. Rigid subject matter boundaries is careful to include books and resources from a
d. Knowledge as the only learning outcome variety of cultures and ethnic groups. What kind of
Answer: B education is this?
a. Multilingual education
4. What is the measure of relevance in education? b. Transformative education
a. Democratization of access c. Multicultural education
b. Functionality and meaningfulness d. Gender free education
c. Ability to sustain education through the future Answer: C
d. Excellence and effectiveness
Answer: B 9. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic
of globalization?
5. What is the concern of Multicultural Education? a. Stretching a social, political and economic
a. Anticipating the future and imagining possible and activities across political frontiers, regions and
probable futures. continents.
b. Gender equality and harnessing of the role of b. The growing magnitude of interconnectedness
women in development. and flows of trade, investment and migration.
c. Promoting care for the environment and building a c. A speeding up of global interactions and
global culture of ecological responsibility. processes through worldwide systems of
d. The exploration of concepts of cultural diversity, transportation and communication.
similarities and prejudices to promote cultural d. The expansion of economic protectionism and
understanding. isolation of poor countries.
Answer: D Answer: D

6. Which of the following may be considered an 10. Which of the following illustrates the major
economic impact of globalization on education? paradigm shift in education in the 21st century?
a. Shift from rigid subject matter to a more help a school address diversity?
interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary pedagogical a. Using ability grouping
approach. b. Using cooperative learning
b. Shift from values education and emotional c. Working with neighborhood groups
learning to knowledge dominated curriculum d. Using culturally-relevant teaching methods
c. From contextualized themes generated from Answer: A
global and local realities to pre-organized subject
matter 15. If the teacher is emphasizing the development
d. From more flexible learning styles to a of the learner's competency to transform
prescribed pedagogy knowledge into innovations and job-creation, what
Answer: A pillar of education does s/he is actually promoting?
a. Learning to Know
11. What educational approach/perspective b. Learning to Do
recognizes the knowledge and experience of women, c. Learning to Live Together
racial groups and ethnic groups as being just, as d. Learning to Be
valid and relevant as the knowledge of dominant Answer: B
groups in mainstream academic discourse?
a. Transformative education 16.What pillar of education which emphasizes
b. Multicultural education learning to be human, through acquisition of
c. Inclusive education knowledge, skills and values conducive to personality
d. Global education development?
Answer: C a. Learning to Know
b. Learning to Do
12. How does the notion of cultural relativity and c. Learning to Live Together
variability affect the teaching-learning processes in d. Learning to Be
school? Answer: D
a. The students' varied cultural background will in
now way affect the way they will learn the lessons 17. A class is composed of students coming from
in school. several ethnic communities including Muslims and
b. The students can readily adjust to the way the lumads. They seem to have difficulty understanding
teacher initiates learning in school because children each others' behavior and points of view. What
are adaptable beings no matter what culture they should the teacher do?
come from. a. Introduce multicuturalism in the class and
c. The child's cultural background influences the provide activities for practice.
children's way of interpreting and viewing the b. Threaten the students that if there are students
world; hence, teachers must consider the children's who do not behave and tolerant of their classmates,
world view when teaching. s/he will be dropped from class.
d. The teacher should be wary of differing cultural c. Inform students that they will all be learning new
points of view and must make sure that students ways of thinking and behaving in this class, so they
will see things the same way. might as well leave their cultural idiosyncrasies at
Answer: D home.
d. Assign bright students to monitor and control
13. Which among the following is the focus of Civic behavior of poor students.
Education? Answer: A
a. Promote understanding of human rights, concepts
and values to enable learners to comprehend and 18. Which of the following qualities should be
transform conditions which give rise to human developed by the pillar, Learning to Live Together?
rights violations. a. Strong appreciation of the diversity of the human
b. Learning for effective participation in democratic race
and development processes at both local and b. Readiness to take risks and resolve or manage
national levels. conflicts
c. Foster a vision of education for sustainable c. Scientific spirit and an inquiring mind
development and care for the environment. d. Complete fulfillment of humans, in all the
d. Empower people with the skills, attitudes and richness of his/her personality
knowledge to build a peaceful world based on justice Answer: A
and human rights.
Answer: B 19. Which of the following statements about Gender
is correct?
14. Which of the following initiatives would NOT a. Gender is biologically determined.
b. Gender is socially and culturally-constructed. Answer: A
c. Gender roles are the same in all societies.
d. Gender is an ascribed status in society. 23. The United Nations is committed to address
Answer: B climate through mitigation and adaptation. Which of
the following is the best way of addressing the
20. UNICEF and UNESCO are two key UN agencies issue?
which are particularly active advocates of education a. Deepen strategic and operational collaboration
for peace. Which of the following is not supported with international and regional organizations,
by UNESCO in promoting peace in the schools? including international financial institutions and
a. Uphold children's basic rights as outlined in the regional development banks, and other stakeholders.
Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) b. Developing a policy framework that identifies
b. Develop a climate that models peaceful and basic elements needed to prevent human rights
respectful behavior among all members of the violations.
learning community c. Facilitate and execute agreements on reducing
c. Demonstrate the principles of equality and non- emissions from deforestation and forest
discrimination in administrative policies degradation to protect forests and sustain the
d. Enable the teachers to stress peace-making in livelihoods of the people who depend on them.
social studies classroom only when necessary d. Enhancing collaboration among humanitarian
Answer: D organizations, particularly from the global South, at
the local, national and regional levels, to strengthen
21. One way to advance peace education is through community resilience and emergency response, and
partnerships of various non-governmental establishing a monitoring system to assess progress
organizations, education institutions, United on the implementation of preparedness measures.
Nations specialized bodies which link ideals of peace Answer: C
with research and practice. One such significant
examples is the Hague Agenda for Peace and 24. Why are educational environments very crucial
Justice for the 21st Century. What is the aim of to peace education?
the Agenda's Global Campaign for Peace Education? a. The social, cultural, economic and political
a. Helps coordinate local initiatives and unite contexts in which educators work shape the
educators in the common practice of educating for specific content and methods they choose for peace
a culture of peace. education.
b. Supports the UN Decade for a Culture of Peace b. The variety of different educational settings
and Non-violence for the Children of the World and from rural to urban, school-based to community and
to introduce peace and human rights education into within the formal curricula or non-formal popular
all educational institutions. education projects are relevant to peace education.
c. Brings together multiple traditions of pedagogy, c. Many teachers infuse peace education into
theories of education, and international initiatives traditional academic subjects such as literature,
for the advancement of total human development math, science, history, language, civics and the arts.
and care for the environment through learning. d. All of the above
d. Serves to enhance learning across subjects like Answer: D
conflict resolution initiatives.
Answer: B 25. What is celebrated every December 10?
a. Mother Language day
22. The impact of conflict on children whether as b. Human Rights Day
victims of war or child soldiers has been brought to c. Earth's Day
world attention through media, international d. International Day of Tolerance
organizations and eye witness accounts. What is the Answer: B
best thing to do to help children affected by
conflict? PART II
a. Employ education to regain parts of a lost
children and to facilitate the experiences that 1. What kind of tension is referred to when people
support healthy social, emotional and intellectual prefer to have quick answers and ready solution to
growth and development many problems even if its calls for a patient,
b. Provide employment opportunity for them as well concerted, negotiated strategy of reform?
as their parents to attain financial independence a. Tension between modernity and tradition
c. Offer them to migrate in neighboring country as b. Tension between long term and short term
foreign refugees considerations
d. Secure their safety by imposing strict curfew c. Tension between spiritual and material
hours d. Tension between individual and universal
Answer: B
7. What United Nation Decade are we celebrating
2. In what strands of the four pillars of education for 2005-2014?
implies a shift from skill to competence, or a mix of a. Educating for Culture of Peace
higher-order skills specific to each individual? b. Educating for International Understanding
a. Learning to Know c. Educating for Sustainable Development
b. Learning to Do d. Promoting the Rights of the Elderly
c. Learning to Live Together Answer: C
c. Learning to Be
Answer: B
8. With the growing competition brought about by
3. Which of the following is NOT true about the globalization, what is preferred by most employers
Four Pilalrs of Learning? in hiring their employees?
a. The pillars of learning stress the goal of a. Flexible
contributing to social cohesion, intercultural and b. Selective
international understanding, peaceful interchange, c. Quick
and harmony. d. None of the above
b. The Pillars of Learning imply a shift from Answer: A
schooling to learning throughout life by "learning
how to learn" 9. Which of the following characteristics does NOT
c. The pillars of learning stress the importance of describe contextualized learning as a major
closer linkage between education and the world of paradigm shift in education?
work. a. From limited access to time-bound and space
d. The Pillars of Learning adheres to the limited education, to borderless education, lifelong
instrumental and purely academic view of education learning for all in a learning society.
that focuses on the achievement of specific aims of b. From traditional pedagogies to more modern
education such as economic productivity. strategies of teaching and learning.
Answer: D c. From knowledge limited to the local scene to the
globalized knowledge, values, attitudes, and skills
4. What pillar of education of J. Delors (UNESCO) interfaced with local wisdom.
focuses on voc-tech relevant to people-centered d. Pre-organized subject matter to localized themes
human development? generated from the global realities and the cultural
a. Learning to Know relevant, meaningful and useful to learner.
b. Learning to Do Answer: A
c. Learning to Live Together
d. Learning to Be 10. What current current trend in education
Answer: B focuses on the study of the basic concepts, beliefs
and values underlying our democratic political
5. The rapid traversing of ideas, attitudes and community and constitutional order?
values across national borders that generally leads a. Civic education
to an interconnectedness and interaction between b. Development education
peoples of diverse cultures and ways of life. What c. Peace education
is being referred to? c. Multicultural education
a. Cultural Globalization Answer: A
b. Fundamentalism
c. Multiculturalism 11. Which of the following is the first target of the
d. Clash of civilization Millennium Development Goals (MDG's) formulated
Answer: A by member states of the UN in September 2000?
a. Reduce child mortality
6. Which is considered a political impact of b. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
globalization? c. Reduce death due to HIV/AIDS and malaria
a. Changing role of education in terms of preparing d. Achieve universal access to primary education
students for the world of work Answer: B
b. The threat to the autonomy of national
educational systems by globalization. 12. Which among the following statements about
c. Reforms in education as lifelong education Human Rights Education (HRE) is correct?
d. Branding, globalization and learning to be a. HRE is more of the responsibilities of the state
consumers to implement human rights law rather than the
Answer: B protection of the rights holders
b. HRE should focus more on rights based on "law in a. Multicultural education increases positive
books", rather than "law in real-life". relationships through achievement of common goals,
c. HRE needs to focus on the values, principles, and respect, appreciation and commitment to equality
standards and human rights and how they can be among the teachers and students.
translated into day-to-day actions b. Multicultural education decreases stereotyping
d. Human Rights Standards vary from society to and prejudice through direct contact and
society and HRE therefore should also vary in terms interaction among diverse individuals.
of approaches and methods c. Multicultural education promotes independence of
Answer: C various ethnic groups in development and supports
fragmented view of the world.
13. What is the implication and globalization to the d. Multicultural education renews vitality of society
practice and experience of education? through the richness of the different cultures of
a. Increase of state and government support and its members and fosters development.
subsidy for education Answer: C
b. Commodification and the corporate takeover of
education 19. Which of the following is NOT one of the
c. Greater autonomy of national educational systems benefits of social media?
d. Delocalization of technologies and orientations in a. Mass media decreases prejudice and
education discrimination.
Answer: B b. Mass media enriches the educational programs.
c. Mass media increases student's exposure to
14. Which of the following skills corresponds to the diversity.
Fourth Pillar of Learning, "Learning to live d. Mass media helps provoke discussion of current
together"? issues.
a. Empathy and cooperative social behavior Answer: A
b. Personal commitment and sense of responsibility
c. Adaptability to change in the world of work 20. Which among the following rights manifests rule
d. Reasoning and problem solving skills of law and good governance?
Answer: A a. Right to education
b. Right to environment protection
15. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic c. Right of participation
of Multicultural education? d. Right to work
a. Personality empowering Answer: C
b. Socially transformative
c. Pedagogically humanistic 21. Which among the following is NOT a core
d. Culturally discriminating principle of human rights?
Answer: D a. Human dignity
b. Non-discrimination
16. What is the character of education that c. Universality
manifests democratization of access and d. Independency
inclusivity? Answer: D
a. Relevance
b. Sustainability 22. How are human rights principles reflected in
c. Quality the activities of national and local governments?
d. Equity a. Legislating laws to include rights education in all
Answer: D levels of schooling
b. Organizing local exhibit or event to highlight the
17. What is the kind of education that emphasizes children's talents and local products
human-earth relationships and fosters a vision of c. Asking the community leaders to volunteer in the
education for sustainable development to build a construction of a barangay hall
global culture of ecological responsibility? d. Lobbying to the UN High Commission for Human
a. Human Rights Education Rights to allocate higher budget for Philippines'
b. Development Education Commission on Human Rights.
c. Environmental Education Answer: A
d. Global Education
Answer: C 23. Which of the following could be a reason to
justify peace education as a series of "teaching
18. Which of the following is NOT a benefit of encounters" or teaching-learning process?
multicultural education? a. Desire for peace
b. Nonviolent alternatives for managing conflict
c. Skills for critical analysis of structural
arrangements that produce and legitimize injustice
and inequality
d. All of the above
Answer: D

24. Which of the following is accurate in regard to

working with parents in diverse classrooms?
a. The parent's culture is important, but should not
influence their children's education.
b. Teachers should demonstrate their "expertise"
to parents to show they know best.
c. Teachers should strive to use a variety of ways to
keep parents informed, including parents who
cannot speak English or Filipino.l
d. The importance of the family's influence on
children's education has diminished over the past
few years.
Answer: C

25. Which of the following is NOT a guiding

statement of peace education?
a. Peace education teaches students what to think
rather than how to think.
b. Peace education employs holistic and
participatory approach.
c. Peace education aims not to reproduce but
d. Peace builds bridges of support among key
Answer: A