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Thermodynamics

HOMEWORK # 1

(The homework is due August 27th)

_________________________________________________________________________

1. A vacuum gage connected to a tank reads 15 kPa at a location where the barometric reading

is 750 mm Hg. Determine the absolute pressure in the tank. Take ρHg=13,590 kg/m3

2. A pressure gage connected to a tank reads 50 psi at a location where the barometric reading

is 29.1 mm Hg. Determine the absolute pressure in the tank. Take ρHg= 848.4 lbm/ft3.

3. Determine the pressure exerted on a diver at 30 m below the free surface of the sea. Assume

a barometric pressure of 101 kPa and a specific gravity of 1.03 for seawater.

4. A gas is contained in a vertical, frictionless piston-cylinder device. The piston has a mass

of 4 kg and a cross-sectional area of 35 cm2. A compressed spring above the piston exerts a

force of 60 N on the piston. If the atmospheric pressure is 95 kPa, determine the pressure

inside the cylinder.

Figure 1. Problem 4

5. Both a gage and a manometer are attached to a gas tank to measure its pressure. If the

reading on the pressure gage is 80 kPa, determine the distance between the two fluid levels

of the manometer if the fluid is (a) mercury (ρ=13,600 kg/m3) or (b) water (ρ=1000 kg/m3)

Figure 2. Problem 5

6. A vertical piston–cylinder device contains a gas at a pressure of 100 kPa. The piston has a

mass of 5 kg and a diameter of 12 cm. Pressure of the gas is to be increased by placing some

weights on the piston. Determine the local atmospheric pressure and the mass of the weights

that will double the pressure of the gas inside the cylinder.

Figure 3. Problem 6

7. The lower half of a 10-m-high cylindrical container is filled with water (ρ =1000 kg/m3)

and the upper half with oil that has a specific gravity of 0.85. Determine the pressure

difference between the top and bottom of the cylinder.

Figure 6. Problem 7

8. A pressure cooker cooks a lot faster than an ordinary pan by maintaining a higher pressure

and temperature inside. The lid of a pressure cooker is well sealed, and steam can escape

only through an opening in the middle of the lid. A separate metal piece, the petcock, sits on

top of this opening and prevents steam from escaping until the pressure force overcomes the

weight of the petcock. The periodic escape of the steam in this manner prevents any

potentially dangerous pressure buildup and keeps the pressure inside at a constant value.

Determine the mass of the petcock of a pressure cooker whose operation pressure is 100 kPa

gage and has an opening cross-sectional area of 4 mm2. Assume an atmospheric pressure of

101 kPa, and draw the free-body diagram of the petcock

Figure 5. Problem 8

10. Consider a double-fluid manometer attached to an air pipe shown in Fig.7. If the specific

gravity of one fluid is 13.55, determine the specific gravity of the other fluid for the indicated

absolute pressure of air. Take the atmospheric pressure to be 100 kPa

Figure 7. Problem 10

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