Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 92

Skip to content

Programming Tutorials | Interview Questions | Coding Compiler


Learning And Upskilling
 Home
 Programming
 C Programming
 Interview Questions

Advanced PHP Interview Questions And


Answers
PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced 2018. Here in this
article, we are providing a list of 135 real-time scenario based PHP interview
questions for freshers and professionals. This list includes PHP interview
questions for 1 year experience, 2 year experience, 3 year experience, 4 year experience,
5 year experienced PHP developers and experienced PHP programmers.

PHP Interview Questions


 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Freshers
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 1 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 2 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 3 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 4 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 5 Year Experience
Core PHP Interview Questions
1. What is PHP?
2. What is PHP and why it is used?
3. Why PHP was called as personal home page?
4. What is PHP compared to HTML?
5. What is a PHP 5?
6. What is PHP and what does it do?
7. What is the difference between PHP and Javascript?
8. What is the difference between HTML and PHP?
9. What are the advantages of using PHP?
10. What is the difference between Python and PHP?

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


These 135 advanced PHP interview questions and answers were written by PHP
experienced professionals to help senior PHP developers. This is one place for all
beginners to experienced PHP programmers for basic interview questions to most
advanced PHP technical interview questions and answers. Let’s dive into the post and
enjoy reading. We hope that this list will help you to crack your next PHP job interview.
Happy learning.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Freshers

Question # 1) What is PHP?

Answer # PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a widely-used open source general-purpose


scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded
into HTML.

Question # 2) What is PHP and why it is used?


Answer # PHP is a general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to server-
side web development, in which case PHP generally runs on a web server. Any PHP code
in a requested file is executed by the PHP runtime, usually to create dynamic web page
content or dynamic images used on websites or elsewhere.

Question # 3) Why PHP was called as personal home page?

Answer # php is called hypertext pre-processor as its libraries are already compiled.
When any person request for any php page in the address bar of the browser that
request is first sent to the server then server interpret php files and return back response
in form of Html.

Question # 4) What is PHP compared to HTML?

Answer # HTML is a language used to describe to a browser how to display text and
other objects in a browser window. It is not a programming language. HTML works on a
client computer (the system on which the page is being viewed). PHP is a scripting
language, and can be used to create web pages written in HTML.

Question # 5) What is a PHP 5?

Answer # PHP 5 is a server scripting language, and a powerful tool for making dynamic
and interactive Web pages. PHP is a widely-used, free, and efficient alternative to
competitors such as Microsoft’s ASP.

Top PHP Interview Questions

Question # 6) What is PHP and what does it do?

Answer # PHP is mainly focused on server-side scripting, so you can do anything any
other CGI program can do, such as collect form data, generate dynamic page content, or
send and receive cookies. But PHP can do much more. There are three main areas where
PHP scripts are used. Server-side scripting.
Question # 7) What is the difference between PHP and Javascript?

Answer # While JS is used for client side scripting (except in node.js) and PHP is used
for server side scripting. Simply, JavaScript codes are executed by your web browser,
like the catchy animations or simple calculations . Your browser does all the processing.
While PHP runs on the server, where your webpage is stored.

Question # 8) What is the difference between HTML and PHP?

Answer # HTML is a language used to describe to a browser how to display text and
other objects in a browser window. It is not a programming language. HTML works on a
client computer (the system on which the page is being viewed). PHP is a scripting
language, and can be used to create web pages written in HTML.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 9) What are the advantages of using PHP?

Answer # Advantages of PHP Programming. PHP (Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a server-


side web programming language that is widely used for web development. However,
here are many languages which are used for web development or web programming. …
PHP can run on both UNIX and Windows servers.

Question # 10) What is the difference between Python and PHP?

Answer # PHP is a language that’s made for the web. You can make GTK and CLI
applications with PHP, but it’s mainly used for websites. Python is used for a lot of stuff
like websites, webservers, game frameworks, desktop and CLI application, IDEs and a
lot more. There’s also a huge difference in the syntax.

Basic PHP Interview Questions

Question # 11) Why do we use PHP?


Answer # A good benefit of using PHP is that it can interact with many different
database languages including MySQL. We work with MySQL at Bluelinemedia since this
is also a free language so it makes sense to use PHP. Both PHP and MySQL are
compatible with an Apache server which is also free to license.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 12) What is a session in PHP?

Answer # PHP 5 Sessions – A session is a way to store information (in variables) to be


used across multiple pages. Unlike a cookie, the information is not stored on the users
computer.

Question # 13) Why is Facebook still using PHP?

Answer # Facebook technology stack consist of application written in many language,


including PHP and many others. Facebook still using PHP but it has built a compiler for
it so it can be turned into native code on. Facebook doesn’t use PHP for its core system,
at Facebook, they uses C++ heavily on back end system.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 1 Year


Experience

Question # 14) How does PHP work?

Answer # The PHP software works with the web server, which is the software that
delivers web pages to the world. You request a file, the web server happens to be
running PHP, and it sends HTML back to the browser, thanks to the programming in
PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 15) Can you use PHP and Javascript together?


Answer # So, when we develop web pages, we can have a combination of HTML,
Javascript, CSS and PHP in our pages. If you need to use a scripting language, such as
PHP, once the page has been loaded into the browser, then you must either refresh the
page or use Ajax to request more processing at the server side.

Question # 16) Why do we use Javascript in PHP?

Answer # PHP is commonly written in-line in the same files as HTML and Javascript,
PHP is a server-side language. Javascript is a client-side language. The main difference
here is not PHP vs. JavaScript. It’s Client vs. Server. You can’t do server stuff on the
client, and you can’t do all the Client stuff on the Server.

Question # 17) What is the main difference between asp net and PHP?

Answer # PHP is a programming language whereas ASP.NET is a programming


framework. Websites developed by ASP.NET may use C#, but also other languages such
as J#. ASP.NET is compiled whereas PHP is interpreted. ASP.NET is designed for
windows machines, whereas PHP is platform free (and typically runs on Linux servers).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 18) How does session work in PHP?

Answer # the session id is sent to the user when his session is created. it is stored in a
cookie (called, by default, PHPSESSID ) that cookie is sent by the browser to the server
with each request. the server (PHP) uses that cookie, containing the session_id, to know
which file corresponds to that user.

Question # 19) How do you end a session in PHP?

Answer # If you want to explicitly end a user’s and delete their data without them having
to close their browser, you need to clear the $_SESSION array, then use the
session_destroy() function. Session_destroy() removes all session data stored on your
hard disk, leaving you with a clean slate.
Question # 20) What are the advantages of PHP mysql?

Answer # It is a stable, reliable and powerful solution with advanced features like the
following:

 Data Security
 On-Demand Scalability
 High Performance
 Round-the-clock Uptime
 Comprehensive Transactional Support
 Complete Workflow Control
 Reduced Total Cost of Ownership
 The Flexibility of Open Source

Core PHP Interview Questions

Question # 21) Is Java is better than PHP?

Answer # PHP and Java are both very similar when it comes to the benefits provided,
but they are both very different. PHP is a server side scripting language, while Java is a
client side choice. When you use PHP code, you will execute it in the actual server, while
Java will be executed on your client’s computer.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 22) How do I install PHP?

Answer # Here ie the Manual Installation Procedure

Step 1: download the files. Download the latest PHP 5 ZIP package from
www.php.net/downloads.php

Step 2: extract the files


Step 3: configure php.ini

Step 4: add C:php to the path environment variable

Step 5: configure PHP as an Apache module

Step 6: test a PHP file

Question # 23) What is the use session in PHP?

Answer # This can be used to persist state information between page requests. Session
IDs are normally sent to the browser via session cookies and the ID is used to retrieve
existing session data. PHP will populate the $_SESSION superglobal with any session
data after the session has started.

Question # 24) How long does a session last in PHP?

Answer # This is the one. The session will last for 1440 seconds (24 minutes).

Question # 25) What is the use of PHP and Mysql?

Answer # PHP is the most popular scripting language for web development. It is free,
open source and server-side (the code is executed on the server). MySQL is a Relational
Database Management System (RDBMS) that uses Structured Query Language (SQL).

Latest PHP Interview Questions

Question # 26) Is jquery better than Javascript?

Answer # It may surprise you to learn that JavaScript and jQuery are actually the same
thing. In a nutshell, jQuery is a set of JavaScript libraries that have been designed
specifically to simplify HTML document traversing, animation, event handling, and Ajax
interactions.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 27) What is the difference between interpreted and compiled languages?

Answer # Java (interpreted) and C (or C++) (compiled) might have been a better
example. Basically, compiled code can be executed directly by the computer’s CPU. The
code of interpreted languages however must be translated at run-time from any format
to CPU machine instructions. This translation is done by an interpreter.

Question # 28) How does cookies work in PHP?

Answer # A cookie is often used to identify a user. A cookie is a small file that the server
embeds on the user’s computer. Each time the same computer requests a page with a
browser, it will send the cookie too. With PHP, you can both create and retrieve cookie
values.

Question # 29) How do I update PHP?

Answer # Changing the PHP Version:

1. Log into cPanel.


2. Click the PHP Configuration button in the Software section.
3. Select the version of PHP you want to use from the dropdown.
4. Click the Update button to save your php configuration.
5. Check your changes by viewing your settings in a phpinfo page.

Question # 30) What is the use of session and cookies in PHP?

Answer # A session is a global variable stored on the server. Each session is assigned a
unique id which is used to retrieve stored values. Sessions have the capacity to store
relatively large data compared to cookies. The session values are automatically deleted
when the browser is closed.
Question # 31) What is in PHP 7?

Answer # Designed and refactored for today’s workloads, PHP 7 is the ultimate choice
for web developers today. Get started now. Faster performance, less resources, and cool
new features like scalar type declarations, the Spaceship Operator, anonymous classes,
and more.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 32) WHAT IS NULL value in PHP?

Answer # In the PHP world, apparantly uninitialized variables have the Null value, and
is set on such a variable returns FALSE.

Question # 33) What is a trait in PHP?

Answer # Traits are a mechanism for code reuse in single inheritance languages such as
PHP. A Trait is intended to reduce some limitations of single inheritance by enabling a
developer to reuse sets of methods freely in several independent classes living in
different class hierarchies.

Question # 34) What is is_null() in PHP?

Answer # The is_null () function is used to test whether a variable is NULL or not.
*Mixed : Mixed indicates that a parameter may accept multiple (but not necessarily all)
types. Returns TRUE if var_name is null, FALSE otherwise.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 35) What is the difference between null and empty?

Answer # An empty string is a value, but is just empty. Null is special to a database. Null
has no bounds, it can be used for string , integer , date , etc. fields in a database. NULL
isn’t allocated any memory, the string with NUll value is just a pointer which is pointing
to nowhere in memory.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 2 Year


Experience

Question # 36) What is a closure in PHP?

Answer # A closure is an object representation of an anonymous function. We can see


that the anonymous function in the above code actually returns an object of closure
which is assigned to and called using the variable $string. You can say closure is an
object oriented way to use anonymous functions.

Question # 37) What is final in PHP?

Answer # PHP 5 introduces the final keyword, which prevents child classes from
overriding a method by prefixing the definition with final. If the class itself is being
defined final then it cannot be extended.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 38) What is Var_dump?

Answer # The var_dump function displays structured information about


variables/expressions including its type and value. Arrays are explored recursively with
values indented to show structure. It also shows which array values and object
properties are references.

Question # 39) What is the difference between null and undefined?


Answer # undefined means a variable has been declared but has not yet been assigned a
value. On the other hand, null is an assignment value. It can be assigned to a variable as
a representation of no value. Also, undefined and null are two distinct types: undefined
is a type itself (undefined) while null is an object.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 40) What is the use of callback in PHP?

Answer # PHP callback are functions that may be called dynamically by PHP. They are
used by native functions such as array_map, usort, preg_replace_callback, etc. Here is a
reminder of the various ways to create a callback function in PHP, and use it with the
native functions.

Advanced PHP Interview Questions

Question # 41) What is a lambda function in PHP?

Answer # To sum up, a lambda function is an anonymous PHP function that can be
stored in a variable and passed as an argument to other functions or methods. A closure
is a lambda function that is aware of its surrounding context.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 42) What is overriding in PHP?

Answer # Overloading is defining functions that have similar signatures, yet have
different parameters. Overriding is only pertinent to derived classes, where the parent
class has defined a method and the derived class wishes to override that method. In
PHP, you can only overload methods using the magic method __call.

Question # 43) What is encapsulation in PHP?

Answer # Encapsulation is an OOP (Object Oriented Programming) concept in PHP.


Wrapping some data in single unit is called Encapsulation. Second advantage of
encapsulation is you can make the class read only or write only by providing setter or
getter method. Capsule is best example of Encapsulation.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 44) What is boolean in PHP?

Answer # PHP Booleans. A Boolean value is one that is in either of two states. They are
known as True or False values, in programming. True is usually given a value of 1, and
False is given a value of zero.

Question # 45) What is the use of Print_r function in PHP?

Answer # prinf : It is a function which takes atleast one string and format style and
returns length of output string. print_r() is used for printing the array in human
readable format. they both are language constructs. echo returns void and print returns
1.

Question # 46) What is the use of anonymous function in PHP?

Answer # Anonymous functions, also known as closures, allow the creation of functions
which have no specified name. They are most useful as the value of callback parameters,
but they have many other uses. Anonymous functions are implemented using the
Closure class.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 47) What is polymorphism in PHP?

Answer # Polymorphism is a long word for a very simple concept. Polymorphism


describes a pattern in object oriented programming in which classes have different
functionality while sharing a common interface.

Question # 48) What is the use of magic function in PHP?


Answer # PHP provides a number of ‘magic’ methods that allow you to do some pretty
neat tricks in object oriented programming. These methods, identified by a two
underscore prefix (__), function as interceptors that are automatically called when
certain conditions are met.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 49) What is the use of return in PHP?

Answer # (PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7) return returns program control to the calling module.
Execution resumes at the expression following the called module’s invocation. If called
from within a function, the return statement immediately ends execution of the current
function, and returns its argument as the value of the function call.

Question # 50) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answer # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

PHP Developer Interview Questions

Question # 51) What is an array in PHP?

Answer # PHP Arrays – An array is a data structure that stores one or more similar type
of values in a single value. For example if you want to store 100 numbers then instead of
defining 100 variables its easy to define an array of 100 length.

Question # 52) How to write comment in php?

Answer # Similiar to the HTML comment, the multi-line PHP comment can be used to
comment out large blocks of code or writing multiple line comments. The multiple line
PHP comment begins with ” /* ” and ends with ” */ “.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 53) What is the difference between $message and $$message in PHP?

Answer # They are both variables. But $message is a variable with a fixed name. $
$message is a variable who’s name is stored in $message. For example, if $message
contains “var”, $$message is the same as $var.

Question # 54) What is the difference between require and include in PHP?

Answer # Require and include functions does the same task i.e. includes and evaluates
specified file, but the difference is require will cause a fatal error when the specified file
location is invalid or for any error where as include will generate a warning and continue
the code execution.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 3 Year


Experience

Question # 55) What are the different types of errors in PHP?

Answer # There are four types of errors in PHP.

1. Warning errors
2. Notice errors
3. Fatal errors
4. Parse errors

Question # 56) PHP Error Constants and their descriptions

Answer #

1. E_ERROR: A fatal error that causes script termination


2. E_WARNING: Run-time warning that does not cause script termination
3. E_PARSE: Compile time parse error
4. E_NOTICE: Run time notice caused due to error in code
5. E_CORE_ERROR: Fatal errors that occur during PHP’s initial startup
(installation)
6. E_CORE_WARNING: Warnings that occur during PHP’s initial startup
7. E_COMPILE_ERROR: Fatal compile-time errors indication problem with script
8. E_USER_ERROR: User-generated error message
9. E_USER_WARNING: User-generated warning message
10. E_USER_NOTICE: User-generated notice message
11. E_STRICT: Run-time notices
12. E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR: Catchable fatal error indicating a dangerous error
13. E_ALL: Catches all errors and warnings
14. E_DEPRECATED
15. E_USER_DEPRICATED

Question # 57) What is the use of Include_once in PHP?

Answer # The include_once statement includes and evaluates the specified file during
the execution of the script. This is a behavior similar to the include statement, with the
only difference being that if the code from a file has already been included, it will not be
included again, and include_once returns TRUE .

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 58) What is Exception Handling in PHP?

Answer # With PHP 5 came a new object oriented way of dealing with errors. Exception
handling is used to change the normal flow of the code execution if a specified error
(exceptional) condition occurs. This condition is called an exception.

Question # 59) Why post method is used in PHP?

Answer # GET can’t be used to send binary data, like images or word documents, to the
server. The data sent by GET method can be accessed using QUERY_STRING
environment variable. The PHP provides $_GET associative array to access all the sent
information using GET method. The POST method transfers information via HTTP
headers.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 60) What is the use of post in PHP?

Answer # When the user fills out the form above and clicks the submit button, the form
data is sent for processing to a PHP file named “welcome.php”. The form data is sent
with the HTTP POST method. To display the submitted data you could simply echo all
the variables.

Senior PHP Developer Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 61) What is the difference between require_once and require in PHP?

Answer # require() includes and evaluates a specific file, while require_once() does that
only if it has not been included before (on the same page). So, require_once() is
recommended to use when you want to include a file where you have a lot of functions
for example.

Question # 62) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answer # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

Question # 63) How do you debug PHP?

Answer # To run a debugging session: Start the ide and open the file that contains the
source code that you want to debug. Set a breakpoint at each line where you want the
debugger to pause. To set a breakpoint, place the cursor at the beginning of a line and
press Ctrl-F8/⌘-F8 or choose Debug > Toggle Line Breakpoint.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 64) What is the meaning of xdebug?

Answer # Xdebug is a PHP extension which provides debugging and profiling


capabilities. It uses the DBGp debugging protocol.

Question # 65) What is Chrome logger?

Answer # Chrome Logger is a Google Chrome extension for debugging server side
applications in the Chrome console. Most languages include their own logging
capabilities, but sometimes it is easier to see your logs right in the browser. Chrome
Logger used to be known as ChromePHP.

PHP Developer Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced


Candidates

Question # 66) What is the Phpstorm?

Answer # JetBrains PhpStorm is a commercial, cross-platform IDE for PHP built on


JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA platform. PhpStorm provides an editor for PHP, HTML and
JavaScript with on-the-fly code analysis, error prevention and automated refactorings
for PHP and JavaScript code.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 67) What is Zend Studio for?

Answer # Zend Studio is a commercial, proprietary integrated development


environment (IDE) for PHP developed by Zend Technologies, based on the PHP
Development Tools (PDT) plugin for the Eclipse platform (the PDT project is led by
Zend). … Zend Studio is also integrated with Zend Framework.

Question # 68) What is urlencode and urldecode in php?

Answer # urlencode(string) — This PHP function is encodes a string to be used in a


query part of a URL. URL encoding is used when placing text in a query string to avoid it
being confused with the URL itself. It is normally used when the browser sends form
data to a web server.

urldecode(string) – This PHP function id decodes any encoded value in the given string.

Question # 69) What is LAMP in PHP?

Answer # LAMP is a combination of Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 70) What is the maximum size of a database in mysql?

Answer #

Operating System File-size Limit

Win32 w/ FAT/FAT32 2GB/4GB

Win32 w/ NTFS 2TB (possibly larger)

Linux 2.2-Intel 32-bit 2GB (LFS: 4GB)

Linux 2.4+(using ext3 file system) 4TB

Solaris 9/10 16TB

MacOS X w/ HFS+ 2TB

NetWare w/NSS file system 8TB

PHP Programming Questions

Question # 71) What is the maximum size of a table in MySQL?


Answer # You are using a MyISAM table and the space required for the table exceeds
what is permitted by the internal pointer size. MyISAM permits data and index files to
grow up to 256TB by default, but this limit can be changed up to the maximum
permissible size of 65,536TB (2567 − 1 bytes).

Question # 72) What is the capacity of MySQL database?

Answer # Database Storage Capacity. MySQL is limited by the largest file size that the
operating system you run it on can handle (between 4Gb and 256Tb depending on the
O/S). With the innoDB table format you can even span multiple files with one table
allowing for tables in the database of up to 64Tb.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 73) How many records can be stored in MySQL table?

Answer # In InnoDB, with a limit on table size of 64 terabytes and a MySQL row-size
limit of 65,535 there can be 1,073,741,824 rows. That would be minimum number of
records utilizing maximum row-size limit. However, more records can be added if the
row size is smaller.

Question # 74) How many columns can be added in a table in mysql?

Answer # MySQL 5.0 Column Count Limits: There is a hard limit of 4096 columns per
table, but the effective maximum may be less for a given table. The exact limit depends
on several interacting factors. Every table (regardless of storage engine) has a maximum
row size of 65,535 bytes.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 75) What is varchar mysql?

Answer # Values in VARCHAR columns are variable-length strings. The length can be
specified as a value from 0 to 65,535. The effective maximum length of a VARCHAR is
subject to the maximum row size (65,535 bytes, which is shared among all columns) and
the character set used.
PHP Programming Interview Questions

Question # 76) How big is varchar Max?

Answer # n defines the string length and can be a value from 1 through 8,000. max
indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB). The storage size is the
actual length of the data entered + 2 bytes. The ISO synonyms for varchar are
charvarying or charactervarying.

Question # 77) Why triggers are used in mysql?

Answer # The MySQL trigger is a database object that is associated with a table. It will
be activated when a defined action is executed for the table. The trigger can be executed
when you run one of the following MySQL statements on the table: INSERT, UPDATE
and DELETE and it can be invoked before or after the event.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 78) How big is Nvarchar Max?

Answer # In Nvarchar “n” defines the string length and can be a value from 1 through
4,000. max indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB). The storage
size, in bytes, is two times the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. The ISO synonyms
for nvarchar are national char varying and national character varying.

Question # 79) Why delimiter is used in mysql?

Answer # By default, mysql itself recognizes the semicolon as a statement delimiter, so


you must redefine the delimiter temporarily to cause mysql to pass the entire stored
program definition to the server. To redefine the mysql delimiter, use the delimiter
command.

Question # 80) What is a stored procedure in mysql?


Answer # A procedure (often called a stored procedure) is a subroutine like a
subprogram in a regular computing language, stored in database. A procedure has a
name, a parameter list, and SQL statement(s). All most all relational database system
supports stored procedure, MySQL 5 introduce stored procedure.

PHP Technical Interview Questions

Question # 81) What does a delimiter do in mysql?

Answer # delimiter is the marker for the end of each command you send to the mysql
command line client. delimiter is not only related to triggers, but defining triggers and
stored procedures is one strong use case as you wish them to contain semicolons (;)
which are otherwise the default delimiter.

Question # 82) What is a definer in mysql?

Answer # All stored programs (procedures, functions, triggers, and events) and views
can have a DEFINER attribute that names a MySQL account. If the DEFINER attribute
is omitted from a stored program or view definition, the default account is the user who
creates the object.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 83) When should you use a stored procedure?

Answer # The benefits of using stored procedures in SQL Server rather than application
code stored locally on client computers include: They allow modular programming.
They allow faster execution. They can reduce network traffic.

Question # 84) What is the use of limit in mysql?

Answer # Limit Data Selections From a MySQL Database. MySQL provides a LIMIT
clause that is used to specify the number of records to return. The LIMIT clause makes it
easy to code multi page results or pagination with SQL, and is very useful on large
tables. Returning a large number of records can impact on performance.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 85) What is the use of dual table in mysql?

Answer # The DUAL table is a special one-row, one-column table present by default in
Oracle and other database installations. In Oracle, the table has a single VARCHAR2(1)
column called DUMMY that has a value of ‘X’. It is suitable for use in selecting a pseudo
column such as SYSDATE or USER.

Advanced PHP Interview Questions

Question # 86) What is the use of inner join in mysql?

Answer # The MySQL INNER JOIN clause matches rows in one table with rows in other
tables and allows you to query rows that contain columns from both tables. The INNER
JOIN clause is an optional part of the SELECT statement.

Question # 87) What is the difference between an inner and outer join?

Answer # An inner join will only select records where the joined keys are in both
specified tables. A left outer join will select all records from the first table, and any
records in the second table that match the joined keys.

Question # 88) What is the use of offset in mysql?

Answer # Both MySQL and PostgreSQL support a really cool feature called OFFSET that
is usually used with a LIMIT clause. The LIMIT clause is used to limit the number of
results returned in a SQL statement.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 4 Year Experience

Question # 89) What is stdClass in PHP?


Answer # stdClass is a PHP generic empty class and stdClass is used to create the new
Object. stdClass is a kind of Object in Java or object in Python but not actually used as
universal base class.

Question # 90) What are soundex() and metaphone() functions in PHP?

Answer # soundex and metaphone can be used to find strings that sound similar when
pronounced out loud.

soundex() function calculates the soundex key of a string. A soundex key is a four
character long alphanumeric strings that represents English pronunciation of a word.

metaphone() the metaphone() function calculates the metaphone key of a string. A


metaphone key represents how a string sounds if pronounced by an English person.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 91) How to parse configuration file in PHP?

Answer # The parse_ini_file() function parses a configuration (ini) file and returns the
settings.

Question # 92) What is PSR in PHP?

Answer # The PHP Standard Recommendation (PSR) is a PHP specification published


by the PHP Framework Interop Group. Similar to Java Specification Request for Java, it
serves the standardization of programming concepts in PHP.

PHP Logical Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 93) What is Trait in PHP?

Answer # Traits are a mechanism for code reuse in single inheritance languages such as
PHP. A Trait is intended to reduce some limitations of single inheritance by enabling a
developer to reuse sets of methods freely in several independent classes living in
different class hierarchies.

Question # 94) What is the difference between php traits vs interfaces?

Answer # The main difference is that, with interfaces, you must define the actual
implementation of each method within each class that implements said interface, so you
can have many classes implement the same interface but with different behavior, while
traits are just chunks of code injected in a class.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 95) Can you give example for Trait in PHP?

Answer #

<?php

trait ezcReflectionReturnInfo {

function getReturnType() { /*1*/ }

function getReturnDescription() { /*2*/ }

class ezcReflectionMethod extends ReflectionMethod {

use ezcReflectionReturnInfo;

/* … */

class ezcReflectionFunction extends ReflectionFunction {


use ezcReflectionReturnInfo;

/* … */

?>

Question # 96) How to get IP address of a server in PHP?

Answer # Try $_SERVER[‘SERVER_ADDR’] . It will be the IP address that the server is


listening on. You can use DNS functions (e.g., gethostbyaddr() ) to get the host name.

Question # 97) Is there an easy way to delete an element from a PHP array?

Answer # If we want to delete just one array element you can use unset() method or
alternative array_splice() method. Also if you have the value and don’t know the key to
delete the element you can use array_search() method to get the key.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

Question # 98) Can you explain, when to use If-else if-else over switch statements?

Answer # If there is switching on the value of a single variable then switch is


recommended every time. Otherwise, stick with multiple if-else statements.

Question # 99) When do you use define() and when do you use const. What are the
main differences between those two?

Answer # PHP 5.3 there are two ways to define constants: Either using the const
keyword or using the define() function:
const FOO = ‘BAR’;

define(‘FOO’, ‘BAR’);

The fundamental difference between those two ways is that const defines constants at
compile time, whereas define() defines them at runtime. As const are language
constructs and defined at compile time they are a bit faster than define().

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 5 Year


Experience

Question # 100) What is self in PHP?

Answer # In PHP self keyword is used to access static properties and methods.

Question # 101) What is $this?

Answer # It is the way to reference an instance of a class from within itself, the same as
many other object-oriented languages. $this refers to the class you are in. In PHP, the
pseudo-variable $this is available when a method is called from within an object
context.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 102) When to use self over $this?

Answer # Use $this to refer to the current object. Use self to refer to the current class.

Question # 103) What is the difference between Apache and Tomcat?


Answer # Apache Tomcat is used to deploy your Java Servlets and JSPs. So in your Java
project you can build your WAR (short for Web ARchive) file, and just drop it in the
deploy directory in Tomcat. So basically Apache is an HTTP Server, serving HTTP.
Tomcat is a Servlet and JSP Server serving Java technologies.

Question # 104) What is Nginx and what is it used for?

Answer # NGINX (Pronounced as Engine-X) is an open source, lightweight, high-


performance web server or proxy server. Nginx used as reverse proxy server for HTTP,
HTTPS, SMTP, IMAP, POP3 protocols, on the other hand, it is also used for servers load
balancing and HTTP Cache.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 105) Which is the best Web server?

Answer # There are different web servers available for different technologies.

LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP.

WIMP: Windows, IIS, MySQL/MS SQL Server and PHP.

WAMP: Windows, Apache, MySQL/MS SQL Server and PHP.

LEMP: Linux, NGINX, MySQL and PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced


Candidates

Question # 106) What is the difference between Apache vs NIGINX?

Answer # The Apache HTTP server and NGINX are the two most popular open source
web servers in the world today. The Apache web servers have been in use since 1995.
Apache powers more websites than any other product. Because the open-source Apache
web server has been available for so many years, and has so many users, lots of modules
have been written to expand its functionality.
But Apache slows down under heavy load, because of the need to spawn new processes,
thus consuming more computer memory. It also creates new threads that must compete
with others for access to memory and CPU. Apache will also refuse new connections
when traffic reaches the limit of processes configured by the administrator.

Nginx is an open source web server written to address some of the performance and
scalability issues associated with Apache. The product is open source and free, but
Nginx offers support if you buy its Nginx Plus version. Nginx is indeed event-based.
They call their architecture “event-driven and asynchronous”. Apache relies on
processes and threads.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 107) What is .htaccess in PHP?

Answer # .htaccess is a configuration file for use on web servers running the Apache
Web Server software. When a .htaccess file is placed in a directory which is in turn
‘loaded via the Apache Web Server’, then the .htaccess file is detected and executed by
the Apache Web Server software.

Question # 108) What are advantages of .htaccess?

Answer # There are many advantages using .htaccess file in PHP:

 URL redirecting
 Managing error pages
 Password Protection
 Visitor blocking facilities by IP address
 Setting Config variable and Environment variable

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 109) How to redirect a URL from http to https in .htaccess?

Answer # Using this below code, we can redirect a URL from http to https

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off

RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]

Question # 110) How to redirect https to http URL and vice versa in .htaccess?

Answer # Using this below code, we can redirect a URL from http to https

Redirect https to http

RewriteEngine On

RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on

RewriteRule (.*) http://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

Real Time PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 111) What is a composer in PHP?

Answer # Composer is an application-level package manager for the PHP programming


language that provides a standard format for managing dependencies of PHP software
and required libraries.

Question # 112) What is PHP artisan?

Answer # Artisan is the name of the command-line interface included with Laravel. It
provides a number of helpful commands for your use while developing your application.
It is driven by the powerful Symfony Console component.

Question # 113) What is the difference between == and === in PHP?


Answers # The difference between the loosely == equal operator and the strict ===
identical operator is:

$a == $b │ Equal │ TRUE if $a is equal to $b after type juggling.

$a === $b │ Identical │ TRUE if $a is equal to $b, and they are of the same type.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 114) What is the output of the following PHP code?

Answers: $i = 012;

echo $i / 2;

Explanation: You might think that output for the above code is 6 right. That’s the wrong
answer. But the correct output should be 5. The zero indicates at the beginning of a
number as an octal number in PHP, so the number 012 evaluates to the decimal number
10 instead to decimal 12. Then the output should be 5.

MySQL Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

Question # 115) What is SQL injection?

Answers # SQL injection (or a SQL injection attack) occurs when a user provides SQL
code as user input for a Web page, and the SQL code is then executed in the database.

Question # 116) Why does SQL injection happen?

Answers # SQL injection is an attack technique that exploits a security vulnerability


occurring in the database layer of an application . Hackers use injections to obtain
unauthorized access to the underlying data, structure, and DBMS. It is one of the most
common web application vulnerabilities.

PHP MYSQL Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 117) What is Mysql_real_escape_string used for?


Answers # In the case of MySQL this means: mysql_real_escape_string() calls MySQL’s
library function mysql_real_escape_string, which prepends backslashes to the
following characters: \x00, \n, \r, \, ‘, ” and \x1a.

Question # 118) What is input sanitization in PHP?

Answers # PHP filters are used to validate and sanitize external input. The PHP filter
extension has many of the functions needed for checking user input, and is designed to
make data validation easier and quicker.

Question # 119) What is the use of Stripslashes in PHP?

Answers # Definition and Usage. The stripslashes() function removes backslashes added
by the addslashes() function. This function can be used to clean up data retrieved from a
database or from an HTML form.

Question # 120) What is the use of Htmlspecialchars in PHP?

Answers # In many PHP legacy products the function htmlspecialchars($string) is used


to convert characters like < and > and quotes a.s.o to HTML-entities.

Question # 121) What is the use of Addslashes in PHP?

Answers # Description. string addslashes ( string $str ) Returns a string with


backslashes before characters that need to be escaped. These characters are single quote
(‘), double quote (“), backslash (\) and NUL (the NULL byte).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 122) What is XSS in PHP?


Answers # Cross-Site Scripting (abbreviated as XSS) is a class of security vulnerability
whereby an attacker manages to use a website to deliver a potentially malicious
JavaScript payload to an end user. XSS vulnerabilities are very common in web
applications.

Question # 123) What is the use of isset in PHP?

Answers # isset() function. The isset () function is used to check whether a variable is set
or not. If a variable is already unset with unset() function, it will no longer be set. The
isset() function return false if testing variable contains a NULL value.

Real Time PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 124) What is URL encoding and decoding in PHP?

Answers # urlencode(string) This PHP function encodes a string to be used in a query


part of a URL. urldecode(string) — This PHP function is decodes the query part of a
URL string. URL encoding is used when placing text in a query string to avoid it being
confused with the URL itself.

Question # 125) What is the use of trim in PHP?

Answers # The trim() function removes whitespace and other predefined characters
from both sides of a string.

Related functions: ltrim() – Removes whitespace or other predefined characters from


the left side of a string.

rtrim() – Removes whitespace or other predefined characters from the right side of a
string.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 126) What is the mysql injection?


Answers # MySQL injection refers to the act of someone inserting a MySQL statement
to be run on your database without your knowledge. Injection usually occurs when you
ask a user for input, like their name, and instead of a name they give you a MySQL
statement that you will unknowingly run on your database.

Question # 127) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answers # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

Question # 128) What does explode do in PHP?

Answers # You can also convert between strings and arrays by using the PHP implode
and explode functions: implode implodes an array to a string, and explode explodes a
string into an array.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 129) What are the delimiters in PHP?

Answers # When using the PCRE functions, it is required that the pattern is enclosed by
delimiters. A delimiter can be any non-alphanumeric, non-backslash, non-whitespace
character. Often used delimiters are forward slashes (/), hash signs (#) and tildes (~).

Question # 130) Why Print_r is used in PHP?

Answers # print_r() is used for printing the array in human-readable format.

Scenario-Based PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 131) What is Var_dump?


Answers # The var_dump function displays structured information about
variables/expressions including its type and value.

Question # 132) What are the new features available in PHP 7?

Answers # New features from PHP 7 are:

 Scalar type declarations – Scalar type declarations come in two flavors. One is
coercive and the other one is strict.
 Return type declarations
 Null coalescing operator
 Spaceship operator
 Constant arrays using define()
 Anonymous classes
 Unicode codepoint escape syntax
 Closure::call()

Question # 133) How do you define a constant in PHP?

Answers # A constant is an identifier (name) for a simple value. The value cannot be
changed during the script. A valid constant name starts with a letter or underscore (no $
sign before the constant name).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 134) What is Warning – “Cannot modify header information – headers


already sent”?

Answers # In PHP when you output something (do an echo or print) if has to send the
HTTP headers at that time. If you turn on output buffering you can output in the script
but PHP doesn’t have to send the headers until the buffer is flushed. This will turn
output buffering out without the need to call ob_start().

Accenture PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 135) Explain about getters and setters in PHP?

Answers # “Getters” and “Setters” are object methods that allow you to control access to
a certain class variables / properties. Sometimes, these functions are referred to as
“mutator methods”. A “getter” allows to you to retrieve or “get” a given property. A
“setter” allows you to “set” the value of a given property.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 136) What are majic methords in PHP?

Answers # PHP provides a number of ‘magic’ methods that allow you to do some pretty
neat tricks in object oriented programming. These methods, identified by a two
underscore prefix (__), function as interceptors that are automatically called when
certain conditions are met.

Give me some examples of majix methods?

__construct()

The __construct() method is by far the most commonly used magic method. This is
where you do any initialization you need when an object is created.

__destruct()

The __destruct() method is called when the object is destroyed. It accepts no arguments
and is commonly used to perform any cleanup operations such as closing a database
connection.

__get()

The __get() method is called when code attempts to access a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property. It should return
a value, which will be treated as the value of the property.

__set()

The __set() method is called when code attempts to change the value a property that is
not accessible. It accepts two arguments, which are the name of the property and the
value.
__isset()

The __isset() method is called when code calls isset() on a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property. It should return
a Boolean value representing the existence of a value.

__unset()

The __unset() method is called when code attempts to unset() a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property.

__toString()

The __toString() method is called when code attempts to treat an object like a string. It
accepts no arguments and should return a string.

__set_state()

The static __set_state() method is called when the var_export() function is called on
our object.

__clone()

The __clone() method can be used to solve this problem. It is called on the copy of a
cloned object after cloning takes place.

__sleep()

The __sleep() method is called when the serialize() function is called on the object. It
accepts no arguments and should return an array of all properties that should be
serialized.

__wakeup()

The __wakeup() method is called when the unserialize() function is called on the stored
object. It accepts no arguments and does not need to return anything. Use it to
reestablish any database connection.

__call()
The __call() is called when code attempts to call inaccessible or nonexistent methods. It
accepts two arguments: the name of the called method and an array of arguments.

__callStatic()

The __callStatic() (available as of PHP version 5.3) is identical to __call() except that it
is called when code attempts to call inaccessible or nonexistent methods in a static
context.

__invoke()

The __invoke() is called when code tries to use the object as a function. Any arguments
defined in this method will be used as the function arguments.

__autoload()

This is not a magic method, but it is still very useful. The __autoload() function is
automatically called when a class that doesn’t exist is referenced.

Coding compiler hope that these 136 PHP interview questions and answers for
freshers and 1 2 3 4 5 years experienced professionals will help you to crack your next
PHP job interview. If you know any other PHP technical interview questions,
please write in below comment box, these PHP questions will be helpful for fellow PHP
professionals.

RELATED INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

1. Kubernetes Interview Questions


2. Docker Interview Questions
3. CEH Interview Questions
4. CyberArk Interview Questions
5. Appian Interview Questions
6. Drools Interview Questions
7. Talend Interview Questions
8. Selenium Interview Questions
9. Ab Initio Interview Questions
10. AB Testing Interview Questions
11. Mobile Application Testing Interview Questions
12. Pega Interview Questions
13. UI Developer Interview Questions
14. Tableau Interview Questions
15. SAP ABAP Interview Questions
16. Reactjs Interview Questions
17. UiPath Interview Questions
18. Automation Anywhere Interview Questions
19. RPA Interview Questions
20. RPA Blue Prism Interview Questions
21. Ranorex Interview Questions
22. AWS Interview Questions
23. SSRS Interview Questions
24. SQL Interview Questions
25. Informatica MDM Interview Questions
26. CyberArk Interview Questions
27. SAP SD Interview Questions
28. SAP EWM Interview Questions
29. Advanced Javascript Interview Questions
30. Angular 2 Interview Questions

AuthorCoding CompilerPosted onNovember 25, 2017CategoriesInterview


Questions, PHP Interview QuestionsTagsInterview Questions, PHP, PHP Interview
Questions

Leave a Reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
COMMENT

NAME *

EMAIL *

WEBSITE

Post Comment

Post navigation
PREVIOUS Previous post:Kubernetes Interview Questions And Answers 2018
NEXT Next post:ASP.NET Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced
Search for:SEARCH
RECENT POSTS
 Anaplan Interview Questions And Answers 2018
 60 Java Multiple Choice Questions And Answers 2018
 Tableau Multiple Choice Questions And Answers
 Python Coding Interview Questions And Answers
 CSS3 Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

ARCHIVES
 February 2018
 January 2018
 December 2017
 November 2017
 October 2017
 September 2017
CATEGORIES
 Abinitio Interview Questions
 Actimize Interview Questions
 Alteryx Interview Questions
 Anaplan Interview Questions
 Android Interview Questions
 AngularJS Interview Questions
 Animation Interview Questions
 Ansible Interview Questions
 AnthillPro Interview Questions
 Apigee Interview Qestions
 Appian Interview Questions
 ASP.NET Interview Questions
 Automation Anywhere Interview Questions
 AWS Interview Questions
 Blue Prism Interview Questions
 C Programming
 CEH Interview Questions
 Chef Interview Questions
 CRM Interview Questions
 CSS3 Interview Questions
 CyberArk Interview Questions
 DB2 Interview Questions
 Drools Interview Questions
 Featured
 Hibernate Interview Questions
 Informatica Interview Questions
 Informatica MDM Interview Questions
 Interview Questions
 Java Interview Questions
 Java Programming
 Javascript Interview Questions
 Jenkins Interview Questions
 JSON Interview Questions
 Kibana Interview Questions
 Kubernetes
 Kubernetes Interview Questions
 Linux
 Linux Interview Questions
 Machine Learning
 Mulesoft Interview Questions
 Nagios Interview Questions
 NET Interview Questions
 Oracle Performance Tuning Interview Questions
 Pega Interview Questions
 PeopleSoft Interview Questions
 PHP Interview Questions
 Programming
 Puppet Interview Questions
 Python
 Python Interview Questions
 Ranorex Interview Questions
 Reactjs Interview Questions
 Robotic Process Automation
 RPA Interview Questions
 Salesforce Interview Questions
 SAP ABAP Interview Questions
 SAP EWM Interview Questions
 SAP Interview Questions
 SAP SD Interview Questions
 SCCM Interview Questions
 Selenium Interview Questions
 ServiceNow Interview Questions
 SQL Interview Questions
 SQL Server Interview Questions
 SSIS Interview Questions
 SSRS Interview Questions
 Tableau Interview Questions
 Talend Interview Questions
 Technical
 Testing Interview Questions
 UI Developer Interview Questions
 UiPath Interview Questions
 Visualforce Interview Questions

RECENT COMMENTS
 Madhavi on Advanced Automation Anywhere Interview Questions For
Experienced 2018
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
Programming Tutorials | Interview Questions | Coding Compiler Proudly powered
by WordPress
Skip to content

Programming Tutorials | Interview Questions | Coding Compiler


Learning And Upskilling
 Home
 Programming
 C Programming
 Interview Questions

Advanced PHP Interview Questions And


Answers
PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced 2018. Here in this
article, we are providing a list of 135 real-time scenario based PHP interview
questions for freshers and professionals. This list includes PHP interview
questions for 1 year experience, 2 year experience, 3 year experience, 4 year experience,
5 year experienced PHP developers and experienced PHP programmers.

PHP Interview Questions


 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Freshers
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 1 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 2 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 3 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 4 Year Experience
 PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 5 Year Experience
Core PHP Interview Questions
1. What is PHP?
2. What is PHP and why it is used?
3. Why PHP was called as personal home page?
4. What is PHP compared to HTML?
5. What is a PHP 5?
6. What is PHP and what does it do?
7. What is the difference between PHP and Javascript?
8. What is the difference between HTML and PHP?
9. What are the advantages of using PHP?
10. What is the difference between Python and PHP?

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


These 135 advanced PHP interview questions and answers were written by PHP
experienced professionals to help senior PHP developers. This is one place for all
beginners to experienced PHP programmers for basic interview questions to most
advanced PHP technical interview questions and answers. Let’s dive into the post and
enjoy reading. We hope that this list will help you to crack your next PHP job interview.
Happy learning.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Freshers

Question # 1) What is PHP?

Answer # PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a widely-used open source general-purpose


scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded
into HTML.

Question # 2) What is PHP and why it is used?


Answer # PHP is a general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to server-
side web development, in which case PHP generally runs on a web server. Any PHP code
in a requested file is executed by the PHP runtime, usually to create dynamic web page
content or dynamic images used on websites or elsewhere.

Question # 3) Why PHP was called as personal home page?

Answer # php is called hypertext pre-processor as its libraries are already compiled.
When any person request for any php page in the address bar of the browser that
request is first sent to the server then server interpret php files and return back response
in form of Html.

Question # 4) What is PHP compared to HTML?

Answer # HTML is a language used to describe to a browser how to display text and
other objects in a browser window. It is not a programming language. HTML works on a
client computer (the system on which the page is being viewed). PHP is a scripting
language, and can be used to create web pages written in HTML.

Question # 5) What is a PHP 5?

Answer # PHP 5 is a server scripting language, and a powerful tool for making dynamic
and interactive Web pages. PHP is a widely-used, free, and efficient alternative to
competitors such as Microsoft’s ASP.

Top PHP Interview Questions

Question # 6) What is PHP and what does it do?

Answer # PHP is mainly focused on server-side scripting, so you can do anything any
other CGI program can do, such as collect form data, generate dynamic page content, or
send and receive cookies. But PHP can do much more. There are three main areas where
PHP scripts are used. Server-side scripting.
Question # 7) What is the difference between PHP and Javascript?

Answer # While JS is used for client side scripting (except in node.js) and PHP is used
for server side scripting. Simply, JavaScript codes are executed by your web browser,
like the catchy animations or simple calculations . Your browser does all the processing.
While PHP runs on the server, where your webpage is stored.

Question # 8) What is the difference between HTML and PHP?

Answer # HTML is a language used to describe to a browser how to display text and
other objects in a browser window. It is not a programming language. HTML works on a
client computer (the system on which the page is being viewed). PHP is a scripting
language, and can be used to create web pages written in HTML.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 9) What are the advantages of using PHP?

Answer # Advantages of PHP Programming. PHP (Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a server-


side web programming language that is widely used for web development. However,
here are many languages which are used for web development or web programming. …
PHP can run on both UNIX and Windows servers.

Question # 10) What is the difference between Python and PHP?

Answer # PHP is a language that’s made for the web. You can make GTK and CLI
applications with PHP, but it’s mainly used for websites. Python is used for a lot of stuff
like websites, webservers, game frameworks, desktop and CLI application, IDEs and a
lot more. There’s also a huge difference in the syntax.

Basic PHP Interview Questions

Question # 11) Why do we use PHP?


Answer # A good benefit of using PHP is that it can interact with many different
database languages including MySQL. We work with MySQL at Bluelinemedia since this
is also a free language so it makes sense to use PHP. Both PHP and MySQL are
compatible with an Apache server which is also free to license.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 12) What is a session in PHP?

Answer # PHP 5 Sessions – A session is a way to store information (in variables) to be


used across multiple pages. Unlike a cookie, the information is not stored on the users
computer.

Question # 13) Why is Facebook still using PHP?

Answer # Facebook technology stack consist of application written in many language,


including PHP and many others. Facebook still using PHP but it has built a compiler for
it so it can be turned into native code on. Facebook doesn’t use PHP for its core system,
at Facebook, they uses C++ heavily on back end system.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 1 Year


Experience

Question # 14) How does PHP work?

Answer # The PHP software works with the web server, which is the software that
delivers web pages to the world. You request a file, the web server happens to be
running PHP, and it sends HTML back to the browser, thanks to the programming in
PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 15) Can you use PHP and Javascript together?


Answer # So, when we develop web pages, we can have a combination of HTML,
Javascript, CSS and PHP in our pages. If you need to use a scripting language, such as
PHP, once the page has been loaded into the browser, then you must either refresh the
page or use Ajax to request more processing at the server side.

Question # 16) Why do we use Javascript in PHP?

Answer # PHP is commonly written in-line in the same files as HTML and Javascript,
PHP is a server-side language. Javascript is a client-side language. The main difference
here is not PHP vs. JavaScript. It’s Client vs. Server. You can’t do server stuff on the
client, and you can’t do all the Client stuff on the Server.

Question # 17) What is the main difference between asp net and PHP?

Answer # PHP is a programming language whereas ASP.NET is a programming


framework. Websites developed by ASP.NET may use C#, but also other languages such
as J#. ASP.NET is compiled whereas PHP is interpreted. ASP.NET is designed for
windows machines, whereas PHP is platform free (and typically runs on Linux servers).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 18) How does session work in PHP?

Answer # the session id is sent to the user when his session is created. it is stored in a
cookie (called, by default, PHPSESSID ) that cookie is sent by the browser to the server
with each request. the server (PHP) uses that cookie, containing the session_id, to know
which file corresponds to that user.

Question # 19) How do you end a session in PHP?

Answer # If you want to explicitly end a user’s and delete their data without them having
to close their browser, you need to clear the $_SESSION array, then use the
session_destroy() function. Session_destroy() removes all session data stored on your
hard disk, leaving you with a clean slate.
Question # 20) What are the advantages of PHP mysql?

Answer # It is a stable, reliable and powerful solution with advanced features like the
following:

 Data Security
 On-Demand Scalability
 High Performance
 Round-the-clock Uptime
 Comprehensive Transactional Support
 Complete Workflow Control
 Reduced Total Cost of Ownership
 The Flexibility of Open Source

Core PHP Interview Questions

Question # 21) Is Java is better than PHP?

Answer # PHP and Java are both very similar when it comes to the benefits provided,
but they are both very different. PHP is a server side scripting language, while Java is a
client side choice. When you use PHP code, you will execute it in the actual server, while
Java will be executed on your client’s computer.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 22) How do I install PHP?

Answer # Here ie the Manual Installation Procedure

Step 1: download the files. Download the latest PHP 5 ZIP package from
www.php.net/downloads.php

Step 2: extract the files


Step 3: configure php.ini

Step 4: add C:php to the path environment variable

Step 5: configure PHP as an Apache module

Step 6: test a PHP file

Question # 23) What is the use session in PHP?

Answer # This can be used to persist state information between page requests. Session
IDs are normally sent to the browser via session cookies and the ID is used to retrieve
existing session data. PHP will populate the $_SESSION superglobal with any session
data after the session has started.

Question # 24) How long does a session last in PHP?

Answer # This is the one. The session will last for 1440 seconds (24 minutes).

Question # 25) What is the use of PHP and Mysql?

Answer # PHP is the most popular scripting language for web development. It is free,
open source and server-side (the code is executed on the server). MySQL is a Relational
Database Management System (RDBMS) that uses Structured Query Language (SQL).

Latest PHP Interview Questions

Question # 26) Is jquery better than Javascript?

Answer # It may surprise you to learn that JavaScript and jQuery are actually the same
thing. In a nutshell, jQuery is a set of JavaScript libraries that have been designed
specifically to simplify HTML document traversing, animation, event handling, and Ajax
interactions.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 27) What is the difference between interpreted and compiled languages?

Answer # Java (interpreted) and C (or C++) (compiled) might have been a better
example. Basically, compiled code can be executed directly by the computer’s CPU. The
code of interpreted languages however must be translated at run-time from any format
to CPU machine instructions. This translation is done by an interpreter.

Question # 28) How does cookies work in PHP?

Answer # A cookie is often used to identify a user. A cookie is a small file that the server
embeds on the user’s computer. Each time the same computer requests a page with a
browser, it will send the cookie too. With PHP, you can both create and retrieve cookie
values.

Question # 29) How do I update PHP?

Answer # Changing the PHP Version:

1. Log into cPanel.


2. Click the PHP Configuration button in the Software section.
3. Select the version of PHP you want to use from the dropdown.
4. Click the Update button to save your php configuration.
5. Check your changes by viewing your settings in a phpinfo page.

Question # 30) What is the use of session and cookies in PHP?

Answer # A session is a global variable stored on the server. Each session is assigned a
unique id which is used to retrieve stored values. Sessions have the capacity to store
relatively large data compared to cookies. The session values are automatically deleted
when the browser is closed.
Question # 31) What is in PHP 7?

Answer # Designed and refactored for today’s workloads, PHP 7 is the ultimate choice
for web developers today. Get started now. Faster performance, less resources, and cool
new features like scalar type declarations, the Spaceship Operator, anonymous classes,
and more.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 32) WHAT IS NULL value in PHP?

Answer # In the PHP world, apparantly uninitialized variables have the Null value, and
is set on such a variable returns FALSE.

Question # 33) What is a trait in PHP?

Answer # Traits are a mechanism for code reuse in single inheritance languages such as
PHP. A Trait is intended to reduce some limitations of single inheritance by enabling a
developer to reuse sets of methods freely in several independent classes living in
different class hierarchies.

Question # 34) What is is_null() in PHP?

Answer # The is_null () function is used to test whether a variable is NULL or not.
*Mixed : Mixed indicates that a parameter may accept multiple (but not necessarily all)
types. Returns TRUE if var_name is null, FALSE otherwise.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 35) What is the difference between null and empty?

Answer # An empty string is a value, but is just empty. Null is special to a database. Null
has no bounds, it can be used for string , integer , date , etc. fields in a database. NULL
isn’t allocated any memory, the string with NUll value is just a pointer which is pointing
to nowhere in memory.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 2 Year


Experience

Question # 36) What is a closure in PHP?

Answer # A closure is an object representation of an anonymous function. We can see


that the anonymous function in the above code actually returns an object of closure
which is assigned to and called using the variable $string. You can say closure is an
object oriented way to use anonymous functions.

Question # 37) What is final in PHP?

Answer # PHP 5 introduces the final keyword, which prevents child classes from
overriding a method by prefixing the definition with final. If the class itself is being
defined final then it cannot be extended.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 38) What is Var_dump?

Answer # The var_dump function displays structured information about


variables/expressions including its type and value. Arrays are explored recursively with
values indented to show structure. It also shows which array values and object
properties are references.

Question # 39) What is the difference between null and undefined?


Answer # undefined means a variable has been declared but has not yet been assigned a
value. On the other hand, null is an assignment value. It can be assigned to a variable as
a representation of no value. Also, undefined and null are two distinct types: undefined
is a type itself (undefined) while null is an object.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 40) What is the use of callback in PHP?

Answer # PHP callback are functions that may be called dynamically by PHP. They are
used by native functions such as array_map, usort, preg_replace_callback, etc. Here is a
reminder of the various ways to create a callback function in PHP, and use it with the
native functions.

Advanced PHP Interview Questions

Question # 41) What is a lambda function in PHP?

Answer # To sum up, a lambda function is an anonymous PHP function that can be
stored in a variable and passed as an argument to other functions or methods. A closure
is a lambda function that is aware of its surrounding context.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 42) What is overriding in PHP?

Answer # Overloading is defining functions that have similar signatures, yet have
different parameters. Overriding is only pertinent to derived classes, where the parent
class has defined a method and the derived class wishes to override that method. In
PHP, you can only overload methods using the magic method __call.

Question # 43) What is encapsulation in PHP?

Answer # Encapsulation is an OOP (Object Oriented Programming) concept in PHP.


Wrapping some data in single unit is called Encapsulation. Second advantage of
encapsulation is you can make the class read only or write only by providing setter or
getter method. Capsule is best example of Encapsulation.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 44) What is boolean in PHP?

Answer # PHP Booleans. A Boolean value is one that is in either of two states. They are
known as True or False values, in programming. True is usually given a value of 1, and
False is given a value of zero.

Question # 45) What is the use of Print_r function in PHP?

Answer # prinf : It is a function which takes atleast one string and format style and
returns length of output string. print_r() is used for printing the array in human
readable format. they both are language constructs. echo returns void and print returns
1.

Question # 46) What is the use of anonymous function in PHP?

Answer # Anonymous functions, also known as closures, allow the creation of functions
which have no specified name. They are most useful as the value of callback parameters,
but they have many other uses. Anonymous functions are implemented using the
Closure class.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 47) What is polymorphism in PHP?

Answer # Polymorphism is a long word for a very simple concept. Polymorphism


describes a pattern in object oriented programming in which classes have different
functionality while sharing a common interface.

Question # 48) What is the use of magic function in PHP?


Answer # PHP provides a number of ‘magic’ methods that allow you to do some pretty
neat tricks in object oriented programming. These methods, identified by a two
underscore prefix (__), function as interceptors that are automatically called when
certain conditions are met.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 49) What is the use of return in PHP?

Answer # (PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7) return returns program control to the calling module.
Execution resumes at the expression following the called module’s invocation. If called
from within a function, the return statement immediately ends execution of the current
function, and returns its argument as the value of the function call.

Question # 50) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answer # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

PHP Developer Interview Questions

Question # 51) What is an array in PHP?

Answer # PHP Arrays – An array is a data structure that stores one or more similar type
of values in a single value. For example if you want to store 100 numbers then instead of
defining 100 variables its easy to define an array of 100 length.

Question # 52) How to write comment in php?

Answer # Similiar to the HTML comment, the multi-line PHP comment can be used to
comment out large blocks of code or writing multiple line comments. The multiple line
PHP comment begins with ” /* ” and ends with ” */ “.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 53) What is the difference between $message and $$message in PHP?

Answer # They are both variables. But $message is a variable with a fixed name. $
$message is a variable who’s name is stored in $message. For example, if $message
contains “var”, $$message is the same as $var.

Question # 54) What is the difference between require and include in PHP?

Answer # Require and include functions does the same task i.e. includes and evaluates
specified file, but the difference is require will cause a fatal error when the specified file
location is invalid or for any error where as include will generate a warning and continue
the code execution.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 3 Year


Experience

Question # 55) What are the different types of errors in PHP?

Answer # There are four types of errors in PHP.

1. Warning errors
2. Notice errors
3. Fatal errors
4. Parse errors

Question # 56) PHP Error Constants and their descriptions

Answer #

1. E_ERROR: A fatal error that causes script termination


2. E_WARNING: Run-time warning that does not cause script termination
3. E_PARSE: Compile time parse error
4. E_NOTICE: Run time notice caused due to error in code
5. E_CORE_ERROR: Fatal errors that occur during PHP’s initial startup
(installation)
6. E_CORE_WARNING: Warnings that occur during PHP’s initial startup
7. E_COMPILE_ERROR: Fatal compile-time errors indication problem with script
8. E_USER_ERROR: User-generated error message
9. E_USER_WARNING: User-generated warning message
10. E_USER_NOTICE: User-generated notice message
11. E_STRICT: Run-time notices
12. E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR: Catchable fatal error indicating a dangerous error
13. E_ALL: Catches all errors and warnings
14. E_DEPRECATED
15. E_USER_DEPRICATED

Question # 57) What is the use of Include_once in PHP?

Answer # The include_once statement includes and evaluates the specified file during
the execution of the script. This is a behavior similar to the include statement, with the
only difference being that if the code from a file has already been included, it will not be
included again, and include_once returns TRUE .

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 58) What is Exception Handling in PHP?

Answer # With PHP 5 came a new object oriented way of dealing with errors. Exception
handling is used to change the normal flow of the code execution if a specified error
(exceptional) condition occurs. This condition is called an exception.

Question # 59) Why post method is used in PHP?

Answer # GET can’t be used to send binary data, like images or word documents, to the
server. The data sent by GET method can be accessed using QUERY_STRING
environment variable. The PHP provides $_GET associative array to access all the sent
information using GET method. The POST method transfers information via HTTP
headers.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 60) What is the use of post in PHP?

Answer # When the user fills out the form above and clicks the submit button, the form
data is sent for processing to a PHP file named “welcome.php”. The form data is sent
with the HTTP POST method. To display the submitted data you could simply echo all
the variables.

Senior PHP Developer Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 61) What is the difference between require_once and require in PHP?

Answer # require() includes and evaluates a specific file, while require_once() does that
only if it has not been included before (on the same page). So, require_once() is
recommended to use when you want to include a file where you have a lot of functions
for example.

Question # 62) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answer # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

Question # 63) How do you debug PHP?

Answer # To run a debugging session: Start the ide and open the file that contains the
source code that you want to debug. Set a breakpoint at each line where you want the
debugger to pause. To set a breakpoint, place the cursor at the beginning of a line and
press Ctrl-F8/⌘-F8 or choose Debug > Toggle Line Breakpoint.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 64) What is the meaning of xdebug?

Answer # Xdebug is a PHP extension which provides debugging and profiling


capabilities. It uses the DBGp debugging protocol.

Question # 65) What is Chrome logger?

Answer # Chrome Logger is a Google Chrome extension for debugging server side
applications in the Chrome console. Most languages include their own logging
capabilities, but sometimes it is easier to see your logs right in the browser. Chrome
Logger used to be known as ChromePHP.

PHP Developer Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced


Candidates

Question # 66) What is the Phpstorm?

Answer # JetBrains PhpStorm is a commercial, cross-platform IDE for PHP built on


JetBrains’ IntelliJ IDEA platform. PhpStorm provides an editor for PHP, HTML and
JavaScript with on-the-fly code analysis, error prevention and automated refactorings
for PHP and JavaScript code.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 67) What is Zend Studio for?

Answer # Zend Studio is a commercial, proprietary integrated development


environment (IDE) for PHP developed by Zend Technologies, based on the PHP
Development Tools (PDT) plugin for the Eclipse platform (the PDT project is led by
Zend). … Zend Studio is also integrated with Zend Framework.

Question # 68) What is urlencode and urldecode in php?

Answer # urlencode(string) — This PHP function is encodes a string to be used in a


query part of a URL. URL encoding is used when placing text in a query string to avoid it
being confused with the URL itself. It is normally used when the browser sends form
data to a web server.

urldecode(string) – This PHP function id decodes any encoded value in the given string.

Question # 69) What is LAMP in PHP?

Answer # LAMP is a combination of Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 70) What is the maximum size of a database in mysql?

Answer #

Operating System File-size Limit

Win32 w/ FAT/FAT32 2GB/4GB

Win32 w/ NTFS 2TB (possibly larger)

Linux 2.2-Intel 32-bit 2GB (LFS: 4GB)

Linux 2.4+(using ext3 file system) 4TB

Solaris 9/10 16TB

MacOS X w/ HFS+ 2TB

NetWare w/NSS file system 8TB

PHP Programming Questions

Question # 71) What is the maximum size of a table in MySQL?


Answer # You are using a MyISAM table and the space required for the table exceeds
what is permitted by the internal pointer size. MyISAM permits data and index files to
grow up to 256TB by default, but this limit can be changed up to the maximum
permissible size of 65,536TB (2567 − 1 bytes).

Question # 72) What is the capacity of MySQL database?

Answer # Database Storage Capacity. MySQL is limited by the largest file size that the
operating system you run it on can handle (between 4Gb and 256Tb depending on the
O/S). With the innoDB table format you can even span multiple files with one table
allowing for tables in the database of up to 64Tb.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 73) How many records can be stored in MySQL table?

Answer # In InnoDB, with a limit on table size of 64 terabytes and a MySQL row-size
limit of 65,535 there can be 1,073,741,824 rows. That would be minimum number of
records utilizing maximum row-size limit. However, more records can be added if the
row size is smaller.

Question # 74) How many columns can be added in a table in mysql?

Answer # MySQL 5.0 Column Count Limits: There is a hard limit of 4096 columns per
table, but the effective maximum may be less for a given table. The exact limit depends
on several interacting factors. Every table (regardless of storage engine) has a maximum
row size of 65,535 bytes.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 75) What is varchar mysql?

Answer # Values in VARCHAR columns are variable-length strings. The length can be
specified as a value from 0 to 65,535. The effective maximum length of a VARCHAR is
subject to the maximum row size (65,535 bytes, which is shared among all columns) and
the character set used.
PHP Programming Interview Questions

Question # 76) How big is varchar Max?

Answer # n defines the string length and can be a value from 1 through 8,000. max
indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB). The storage size is the
actual length of the data entered + 2 bytes. The ISO synonyms for varchar are
charvarying or charactervarying.

Question # 77) Why triggers are used in mysql?

Answer # The MySQL trigger is a database object that is associated with a table. It will
be activated when a defined action is executed for the table. The trigger can be executed
when you run one of the following MySQL statements on the table: INSERT, UPDATE
and DELETE and it can be invoked before or after the event.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 78) How big is Nvarchar Max?

Answer # In Nvarchar “n” defines the string length and can be a value from 1 through
4,000. max indicates that the maximum storage size is 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB). The storage
size, in bytes, is two times the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. The ISO synonyms
for nvarchar are national char varying and national character varying.

Question # 79) Why delimiter is used in mysql?

Answer # By default, mysql itself recognizes the semicolon as a statement delimiter, so


you must redefine the delimiter temporarily to cause mysql to pass the entire stored
program definition to the server. To redefine the mysql delimiter, use the delimiter
command.

Question # 80) What is a stored procedure in mysql?


Answer # A procedure (often called a stored procedure) is a subroutine like a
subprogram in a regular computing language, stored in database. A procedure has a
name, a parameter list, and SQL statement(s). All most all relational database system
supports stored procedure, MySQL 5 introduce stored procedure.

PHP Technical Interview Questions

Question # 81) What does a delimiter do in mysql?

Answer # delimiter is the marker for the end of each command you send to the mysql
command line client. delimiter is not only related to triggers, but defining triggers and
stored procedures is one strong use case as you wish them to contain semicolons (;)
which are otherwise the default delimiter.

Question # 82) What is a definer in mysql?

Answer # All stored programs (procedures, functions, triggers, and events) and views
can have a DEFINER attribute that names a MySQL account. If the DEFINER attribute
is omitted from a stored program or view definition, the default account is the user who
creates the object.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 83) When should you use a stored procedure?

Answer # The benefits of using stored procedures in SQL Server rather than application
code stored locally on client computers include: They allow modular programming.
They allow faster execution. They can reduce network traffic.

Question # 84) What is the use of limit in mysql?

Answer # Limit Data Selections From a MySQL Database. MySQL provides a LIMIT
clause that is used to specify the number of records to return. The LIMIT clause makes it
easy to code multi page results or pagination with SQL, and is very useful on large
tables. Returning a large number of records can impact on performance.
PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 85) What is the use of dual table in mysql?

Answer # The DUAL table is a special one-row, one-column table present by default in
Oracle and other database installations. In Oracle, the table has a single VARCHAR2(1)
column called DUMMY that has a value of ‘X’. It is suitable for use in selecting a pseudo
column such as SYSDATE or USER.

Advanced PHP Interview Questions

Question # 86) What is the use of inner join in mysql?

Answer # The MySQL INNER JOIN clause matches rows in one table with rows in other
tables and allows you to query rows that contain columns from both tables. The INNER
JOIN clause is an optional part of the SELECT statement.

Question # 87) What is the difference between an inner and outer join?

Answer # An inner join will only select records where the joined keys are in both
specified tables. A left outer join will select all records from the first table, and any
records in the second table that match the joined keys.

Question # 88) What is the use of offset in mysql?

Answer # Both MySQL and PostgreSQL support a really cool feature called OFFSET that
is usually used with a LIMIT clause. The LIMIT clause is used to limit the number of
results returned in a SQL statement.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 4 Year Experience

Question # 89) What is stdClass in PHP?


Answer # stdClass is a PHP generic empty class and stdClass is used to create the new
Object. stdClass is a kind of Object in Java or object in Python but not actually used as
universal base class.

Question # 90) What are soundex() and metaphone() functions in PHP?

Answer # soundex and metaphone can be used to find strings that sound similar when
pronounced out loud.

soundex() function calculates the soundex key of a string. A soundex key is a four
character long alphanumeric strings that represents English pronunciation of a word.

metaphone() the metaphone() function calculates the metaphone key of a string. A


metaphone key represents how a string sounds if pronounced by an English person.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 91) How to parse configuration file in PHP?

Answer # The parse_ini_file() function parses a configuration (ini) file and returns the
settings.

Question # 92) What is PSR in PHP?

Answer # The PHP Standard Recommendation (PSR) is a PHP specification published


by the PHP Framework Interop Group. Similar to Java Specification Request for Java, it
serves the standardization of programming concepts in PHP.

PHP Logical Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 93) What is Trait in PHP?

Answer # Traits are a mechanism for code reuse in single inheritance languages such as
PHP. A Trait is intended to reduce some limitations of single inheritance by enabling a
developer to reuse sets of methods freely in several independent classes living in
different class hierarchies.

Question # 94) What is the difference between php traits vs interfaces?

Answer # The main difference is that, with interfaces, you must define the actual
implementation of each method within each class that implements said interface, so you
can have many classes implement the same interface but with different behavior, while
traits are just chunks of code injected in a class.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 95) Can you give example for Trait in PHP?

Answer #

<?php

trait ezcReflectionReturnInfo {

function getReturnType() { /*1*/ }

function getReturnDescription() { /*2*/ }

class ezcReflectionMethod extends ReflectionMethod {

use ezcReflectionReturnInfo;

/* … */

class ezcReflectionFunction extends ReflectionFunction {


use ezcReflectionReturnInfo;

/* … */

?>

Question # 96) How to get IP address of a server in PHP?

Answer # Try $_SERVER[‘SERVER_ADDR’] . It will be the IP address that the server is


listening on. You can use DNS functions (e.g., gethostbyaddr() ) to get the host name.

Question # 97) Is there an easy way to delete an element from a PHP array?

Answer # If we want to delete just one array element you can use unset() method or
alternative array_splice() method. Also if you have the value and don’t know the key to
delete the element you can use array_search() method to get the key.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

Question # 98) Can you explain, when to use If-else if-else over switch statements?

Answer # If there is switching on the value of a single variable then switch is


recommended every time. Otherwise, stick with multiple if-else statements.

Question # 99) When do you use define() and when do you use const. What are the
main differences between those two?

Answer # PHP 5.3 there are two ways to define constants: Either using the const
keyword or using the define() function:
const FOO = ‘BAR’;

define(‘FOO’, ‘BAR’);

The fundamental difference between those two ways is that const defines constants at
compile time, whereas define() defines them at runtime. As const are language
constructs and defined at compile time they are a bit faster than define().

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For 5 Year


Experience

Question # 100) What is self in PHP?

Answer # In PHP self keyword is used to access static properties and methods.

Question # 101) What is $this?

Answer # It is the way to reference an instance of a class from within itself, the same as
many other object-oriented languages. $this refers to the class you are in. In PHP, the
pseudo-variable $this is available when a method is called from within an object
context.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 102) When to use self over $this?

Answer # Use $this to refer to the current object. Use self to refer to the current class.

Question # 103) What is the difference between Apache and Tomcat?


Answer # Apache Tomcat is used to deploy your Java Servlets and JSPs. So in your Java
project you can build your WAR (short for Web ARchive) file, and just drop it in the
deploy directory in Tomcat. So basically Apache is an HTTP Server, serving HTTP.
Tomcat is a Servlet and JSP Server serving Java technologies.

Question # 104) What is Nginx and what is it used for?

Answer # NGINX (Pronounced as Engine-X) is an open source, lightweight, high-


performance web server or proxy server. Nginx used as reverse proxy server for HTTP,
HTTPS, SMTP, IMAP, POP3 protocols, on the other hand, it is also used for servers load
balancing and HTTP Cache.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 105) Which is the best Web server?

Answer # There are different web servers available for different technologies.

LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP.

WIMP: Windows, IIS, MySQL/MS SQL Server and PHP.

WAMP: Windows, Apache, MySQL/MS SQL Server and PHP.

LEMP: Linux, NGINX, MySQL and PHP.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced


Candidates

Question # 106) What is the difference between Apache vs NIGINX?

Answer # The Apache HTTP server and NGINX are the two most popular open source
web servers in the world today. The Apache web servers have been in use since 1995.
Apache powers more websites than any other product. Because the open-source Apache
web server has been available for so many years, and has so many users, lots of modules
have been written to expand its functionality.
But Apache slows down under heavy load, because of the need to spawn new processes,
thus consuming more computer memory. It also creates new threads that must compete
with others for access to memory and CPU. Apache will also refuse new connections
when traffic reaches the limit of processes configured by the administrator.

Nginx is an open source web server written to address some of the performance and
scalability issues associated with Apache. The product is open source and free, but
Nginx offers support if you buy its Nginx Plus version. Nginx is indeed event-based.
They call their architecture “event-driven and asynchronous”. Apache relies on
processes and threads.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 107) What is .htaccess in PHP?

Answer # .htaccess is a configuration file for use on web servers running the Apache
Web Server software. When a .htaccess file is placed in a directory which is in turn
‘loaded via the Apache Web Server’, then the .htaccess file is detected and executed by
the Apache Web Server software.

Question # 108) What are advantages of .htaccess?

Answer # There are many advantages using .htaccess file in PHP:

 URL redirecting
 Managing error pages
 Password Protection
 Visitor blocking facilities by IP address
 Setting Config variable and Environment variable

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 109) How to redirect a URL from http to https in .htaccess?

Answer # Using this below code, we can redirect a URL from http to https

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} off

RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}/$1 [R=301,L]

Question # 110) How to redirect https to http URL and vice versa in .htaccess?

Answer # Using this below code, we can redirect a URL from http to https

Redirect https to http

RewriteEngine On

RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on

RewriteRule (.*) http://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [R=301,L]

Real Time PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 111) What is a composer in PHP?

Answer # Composer is an application-level package manager for the PHP programming


language that provides a standard format for managing dependencies of PHP software
and required libraries.

Question # 112) What is PHP artisan?

Answer # Artisan is the name of the command-line interface included with Laravel. It
provides a number of helpful commands for your use while developing your application.
It is driven by the powerful Symfony Console component.

Question # 113) What is the difference between == and === in PHP?


Answers # The difference between the loosely == equal operator and the strict ===
identical operator is:

$a == $b │ Equal │ TRUE if $a is equal to $b after type juggling.

$a === $b │ Identical │ TRUE if $a is equal to $b, and they are of the same type.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 114) What is the output of the following PHP code?

Answers: $i = 012;

echo $i / 2;

Explanation: You might think that output for the above code is 6 right. That’s the wrong
answer. But the correct output should be 5. The zero indicates at the beginning of a
number as an octal number in PHP, so the number 012 evaluates to the decimal number
10 instead to decimal 12. Then the output should be 5.

MySQL Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

Question # 115) What is SQL injection?

Answers # SQL injection (or a SQL injection attack) occurs when a user provides SQL
code as user input for a Web page, and the SQL code is then executed in the database.

Question # 116) Why does SQL injection happen?

Answers # SQL injection is an attack technique that exploits a security vulnerability


occurring in the database layer of an application . Hackers use injections to obtain
unauthorized access to the underlying data, structure, and DBMS. It is one of the most
common web application vulnerabilities.

PHP MYSQL Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 117) What is Mysql_real_escape_string used for?


Answers # In the case of MySQL this means: mysql_real_escape_string() calls MySQL’s
library function mysql_real_escape_string, which prepends backslashes to the
following characters: \x00, \n, \r, \, ‘, ” and \x1a.

Question # 118) What is input sanitization in PHP?

Answers # PHP filters are used to validate and sanitize external input. The PHP filter
extension has many of the functions needed for checking user input, and is designed to
make data validation easier and quicker.

Question # 119) What is the use of Stripslashes in PHP?

Answers # Definition and Usage. The stripslashes() function removes backslashes added
by the addslashes() function. This function can be used to clean up data retrieved from a
database or from an HTML form.

Question # 120) What is the use of Htmlspecialchars in PHP?

Answers # In many PHP legacy products the function htmlspecialchars($string) is used


to convert characters like < and > and quotes a.s.o to HTML-entities.

Question # 121) What is the use of Addslashes in PHP?

Answers # Description. string addslashes ( string $str ) Returns a string with


backslashes before characters that need to be escaped. These characters are single quote
(‘), double quote (“), backslash (\) and NUL (the NULL byte).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 122) What is XSS in PHP?


Answers # Cross-Site Scripting (abbreviated as XSS) is a class of security vulnerability
whereby an attacker manages to use a website to deliver a potentially malicious
JavaScript payload to an end user. XSS vulnerabilities are very common in web
applications.

Question # 123) What is the use of isset in PHP?

Answers # isset() function. The isset () function is used to check whether a variable is set
or not. If a variable is already unset with unset() function, it will no longer be set. The
isset() function return false if testing variable contains a NULL value.

Real Time PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 124) What is URL encoding and decoding in PHP?

Answers # urlencode(string) This PHP function encodes a string to be used in a query


part of a URL. urldecode(string) — This PHP function is decodes the query part of a
URL string. URL encoding is used when placing text in a query string to avoid it being
confused with the URL itself.

Question # 125) What is the use of trim in PHP?

Answers # The trim() function removes whitespace and other predefined characters
from both sides of a string.

Related functions: ltrim() – Removes whitespace or other predefined characters from


the left side of a string.

rtrim() – Removes whitespace or other predefined characters from the right side of a
string.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 126) What is the mysql injection?


Answers # MySQL injection refers to the act of someone inserting a MySQL statement
to be run on your database without your knowledge. Injection usually occurs when you
ask a user for input, like their name, and instead of a name they give you a MySQL
statement that you will unknowingly run on your database.

Question # 127) What is the use of die in PHP?

Answers # The die() function prints a message and exits the current script. This function
is an alias of the exit() function.

Question # 128) What does explode do in PHP?

Answers # You can also convert between strings and arrays by using the PHP implode
and explode functions: implode implodes an array to a string, and explode explodes a
string into an array.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 129) What are the delimiters in PHP?

Answers # When using the PCRE functions, it is required that the pattern is enclosed by
delimiters. A delimiter can be any non-alphanumeric, non-backslash, non-whitespace
character. Often used delimiters are forward slashes (/), hash signs (#) and tildes (~).

Question # 130) Why Print_r is used in PHP?

Answers # print_r() is used for printing the array in human-readable format.

Scenario-Based PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 131) What is Var_dump?


Answers # The var_dump function displays structured information about
variables/expressions including its type and value.

Question # 132) What are the new features available in PHP 7?

Answers # New features from PHP 7 are:

 Scalar type declarations – Scalar type declarations come in two flavors. One is
coercive and the other one is strict.
 Return type declarations
 Null coalescing operator
 Spaceship operator
 Constant arrays using define()
 Anonymous classes
 Unicode codepoint escape syntax
 Closure::call()

Question # 133) How do you define a constant in PHP?

Answers # A constant is an identifier (name) for a simple value. The value cannot be
changed during the script. A valid constant name starts with a letter or underscore (no $
sign before the constant name).

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 134) What is Warning – “Cannot modify header information – headers


already sent”?

Answers # In PHP when you output something (do an echo or print) if has to send the
HTTP headers at that time. If you turn on output buffering you can output in the script
but PHP doesn’t have to send the headers until the buffer is flushed. This will turn
output buffering out without the need to call ob_start().

Accenture PHP Interview Questions And Answers


Question # 135) Explain about getters and setters in PHP?

Answers # “Getters” and “Setters” are object methods that allow you to control access to
a certain class variables / properties. Sometimes, these functions are referred to as
“mutator methods”. A “getter” allows to you to retrieve or “get” a given property. A
“setter” allows you to “set” the value of a given property.

PHP Interview Questions And Answers

Question # 136) What are majic methords in PHP?

Answers # PHP provides a number of ‘magic’ methods that allow you to do some pretty
neat tricks in object oriented programming. These methods, identified by a two
underscore prefix (__), function as interceptors that are automatically called when
certain conditions are met.

Give me some examples of majix methods?

__construct()

The __construct() method is by far the most commonly used magic method. This is
where you do any initialization you need when an object is created.

__destruct()

The __destruct() method is called when the object is destroyed. It accepts no arguments
and is commonly used to perform any cleanup operations such as closing a database
connection.

__get()

The __get() method is called when code attempts to access a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property. It should return
a value, which will be treated as the value of the property.

__set()

The __set() method is called when code attempts to change the value a property that is
not accessible. It accepts two arguments, which are the name of the property and the
value.
__isset()

The __isset() method is called when code calls isset() on a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property. It should return
a Boolean value representing the existence of a value.

__unset()

The __unset() method is called when code attempts to unset() a property that is not
accessible. It accepts one argument, which is the name of the property.

__toString()

The __toString() method is called when code attempts to treat an object like a string. It
accepts no arguments and should return a string.

__set_state()

The static __set_state() method is called when the var_export() function is called on
our object.

__clone()

The __clone() method can be used to solve this problem. It is called on the copy of a
cloned object after cloning takes place.

__sleep()

The __sleep() method is called when the serialize() function is called on the object. It
accepts no arguments and should return an array of all properties that should be
serialized.

__wakeup()

The __wakeup() method is called when the unserialize() function is called on the stored
object. It accepts no arguments and does not need to return anything. Use it to
reestablish any database connection.

__call()
The __call() is called when code attempts to call inaccessible or nonexistent methods. It
accepts two arguments: the name of the called method and an array of arguments.

__callStatic()

The __callStatic() (available as of PHP version 5.3) is identical to __call() except that it
is called when code attempts to call inaccessible or nonexistent methods in a static
context.

__invoke()

The __invoke() is called when code tries to use the object as a function. Any arguments
defined in this method will be used as the function arguments.

__autoload()

This is not a magic method, but it is still very useful. The __autoload() function is
automatically called when a class that doesn’t exist is referenced.

Coding compiler hope that these 136 PHP interview questions and answers for
freshers and 1 2 3 4 5 years experienced professionals will help you to crack your next
PHP job interview. If you know any other PHP technical interview questions,
please write in below comment box, these PHP questions will be helpful for fellow PHP
professionals.

RELATED INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

1. Kubernetes Interview Questions


2. Docker Interview Questions
3. CEH Interview Questions
4. CyberArk Interview Questions
5. Appian Interview Questions
6. Drools Interview Questions
7. Talend Interview Questions
8. Selenium Interview Questions
9. Ab Initio Interview Questions
10. AB Testing Interview Questions
11. Mobile Application Testing Interview Questions
12. Pega Interview Questions
13. UI Developer Interview Questions
14. Tableau Interview Questions
15. SAP ABAP Interview Questions
16. Reactjs Interview Questions
17. UiPath Interview Questions
18. Automation Anywhere Interview Questions
19. RPA Interview Questions
20. RPA Blue Prism Interview Questions
21. Ranorex Interview Questions
22. AWS Interview Questions
23. SSRS Interview Questions
24. SQL Interview Questions
25. Informatica MDM Interview Questions
26. CyberArk Interview Questions
27. SAP SD Interview Questions
28. SAP EWM Interview Questions
29. Advanced Javascript Interview Questions
30. Angular 2 Interview Questions

AuthorCoding CompilerPosted onNovember 25, 2017CategoriesInterview


Questions, PHP Interview QuestionsTagsInterview Questions, PHP, PHP Interview
Questions

Leave a Reply
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *
COMMENT

NAME *

EMAIL *

WEBSITE

Post Comment

Post navigation
PREVIOUS Previous post:Kubernetes Interview Questions And Answers 2018
NEXT Next post:ASP.NET Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced
Search for:SEARCH
RECENT POSTS
 Anaplan Interview Questions And Answers 2018
 60 Java Multiple Choice Questions And Answers 2018
 Tableau Multiple Choice Questions And Answers
 Python Coding Interview Questions And Answers
 CSS3 Interview Questions And Answers For Experienced

ARCHIVES
 February 2018
 January 2018
 December 2017
 November 2017
 October 2017
 September 2017
CATEGORIES
 Abinitio Interview Questions
 Actimize Interview Questions
 Alteryx Interview Questions
 Anaplan Interview Questions
 Android Interview Questions
 AngularJS Interview Questions
 Animation Interview Questions
 Ansible Interview Questions
 AnthillPro Interview Questions
 Apigee Interview Qestions
 Appian Interview Questions
 ASP.NET Interview Questions
 Automation Anywhere Interview Questions
 AWS Interview Questions
 Blue Prism Interview Questions
 C Programming
 CEH Interview Questions
 Chef Interview Questions
 CRM Interview Questions
 CSS3 Interview Questions
 CyberArk Interview Questions
 DB2 Interview Questions
 Drools Interview Questions
 Featured
 Hibernate Interview Questions
 Informatica Interview Questions
 Informatica MDM Interview Questions
 Interview Questions
 Java Interview Questions
 Java Programming
 Javascript Interview Questions
 Jenkins Interview Questions
 JSON Interview Questions
 Kibana Interview Questions
 Kubernetes
 Kubernetes Interview Questions
 Linux
 Linux Interview Questions
 Machine Learning
 Mulesoft Interview Questions
 Nagios Interview Questions
 NET Interview Questions
 Oracle Performance Tuning Interview Questions
 Pega Interview Questions
 PeopleSoft Interview Questions
 PHP Interview Questions
 Programming
 Puppet Interview Questions
 Python
 Python Interview Questions
 Ranorex Interview Questions
 Reactjs Interview Questions
 Robotic Process Automation
 RPA Interview Questions
 Salesforce Interview Questions
 SAP ABAP Interview Questions
 SAP EWM Interview Questions
 SAP Interview Questions
 SAP SD Interview Questions
 SCCM Interview Questions
 Selenium Interview Questions
 ServiceNow Interview Questions
 SQL Interview Questions
 SQL Server Interview Questions
 SSIS Interview Questions
 SSRS Interview Questions
 Tableau Interview Questions
 Talend Interview Questions
 Technical
 Testing Interview Questions
 UI Developer Interview Questions
 UiPath Interview Questions
 Visualforce Interview Questions

RECENT COMMENTS
 Madhavi on Advanced Automation Anywhere Interview Questions For
Experienced 2018
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
 Coding Compiler on Advanced RPA Interview Questions For Experienced
Programming Tutorials | Interview Questions | Coding Compiler Proudly powered
by WordPress

PHP interview
questions and answers
for experienced
In this section we are giving you some frequently asked PHP Interview
Questions for experienced developers who have minimum 6 months of
relevant experience in PHP based web developement. PHP programming
knowledge in not only the measure of your web development experience, so
that you must have good knowledge in its related technologies like CSS,
HTML, JavaScript, Jquery etc and it will be a plus point if you have knowledge
in Frameworks/ Tools like AngularJs, BootStrap, Linux and its commads ,
experience in deploying a website in a live server and good communication
skill english.Before start reading the questions. It will be good to go through
the php questions for freshers
1. How to collect IP address from an HTTP request ?
$_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'];
2. How to collect IP address of the Web server in php ?
$_SERVER['SERVER_ADDR'];
3. How to enable error reporting ?
error_reporting(E_ALL);
4. What is $_GLOBAL ?
It is an associative array which containing references to all variables currently
defined in the global scope of the script.
5. What is .htaccess file ?
.htaccess is a configuration file used to alter the default behavior of a
Apache web server software. Most common usage is to redirect the http request
to some URLs based on some conditions. For example, we can hide the .html
or .php extensions of the URLs to make it SEO friendly
6. How to print structured information about a available in PHP ?
var_dump — This function displays structured information about one or more
expressions that includes its value and type. Objects and arrays are explored
recursively with values indented to show structure.
Usage var_dump($a);
7. What is the difference between var_dump and print_r ?
var_dump will display all the information of a variable including keys values and
types while print_r display the keys and values only in a human readable format.
8. What is automatic type conversion ?
In php we can declare variables without specifying its type, php it do that process
automatically since PHP is a loosely types language.
For example :
<?php  //$count is a string variable  $count = "5";  //$count is an int 
variable  $count = 5;  ?>

9. How to make API calls from php scripts ?


We can use cURL library to make HTTP calls from a php script
$ch = curl_init();  $postData='var1=value1&var2=value2&var3=value3';  
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, "http://mydomain.com/ajaxurl");  
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, 1);  curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS,
$postData);    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);  $result 
= curl_exec($ch);  curl_close($ch);    echo $result;die;

10. How to change the php configurations at run time ?


We can use `ini_set` function to change the configurations of php at run time.
11. How can we resolve the errors like 'Maximum execution time of 30 seconds
exceeded' ?
We can use the following code to increase the maximum execution time of the
script
ini_set('max_execution_time', 300);

We can also set the max_execution_time for all the scripts in a website by the
following code in .htaccess file
<IfModule mod_php5.c>  php_value max_execution_time 300  </IfModule> 

But, we must try to optimize the php script to avoid this kind of situations as a
part good user experience.
12. How to avoid email sent through php getting into spam folder?
There's no special method of keeping your emails from being identified as spam.
However we can consider some points that cause this problem. Let me explain
few common reasons.
1. sending mail using the `mail` function with minimum parameters
We must use all possible mail headers like `MIME-version`, `Content-type`,
`reply address`, `from address` etc in order to avoid this situation
2. Not using a proper SMTP mail script like PHPmailer or SwiftMailer with an
actual e-mail credentials including username, password etc
If we are able to send e-mail from an actual e-mail account using an SMTP
mailer script with username and password, then we can avoid
If you’re on a shared web server, consider buying a unique IP address for
yourself, because others using your IP may have gotten your IP blacklisted for
spam. Do not send more than 250 emails to each provider per hour.
Give your users unsubscribe link and view in browser link, if they cannot see the
email properly they will mark you as spam, if they no longer want emails for you
they will mark you as spam.
How can we prevent SQL injection in PHP?
Most popular way is, use prepared statements and parameterized queries. These
are SQL statements that are sent to and parsed by the database server
separately from any parameters. This way it is impossible for an attacker to inject
malicious SQL.
You basically have two options to achieve this:
1. Using PDO (for any supported database driver):
2. $stmt = $pdo­>prepare('SELECT * FROM employees WHERE name = 
:name');

3. $stmt­>execute(array('name' => $name));

4. foreach ($stmt as $row) {

5.       // do something with $row  

6. Using MySQLi (for MySQL):


7. $stmt = $dbConnection­>prepare('SELECT * FROM employees WHERE name
= ?');  
$stmt­>bind_param('s', $name);

8. $stmt­>execute();

9. $result = $stmt­>get_result();

10. while ($row = $result­>fetch_assoc()) {
11.       // do something with $row  

If you're connecting to a database other than MySQL, there is a driver-specific


second option that you can refer to (e.g. pg_prepare() and pg_execute() for
PostgreSQL). PDO is the universal option.
13. How to fix “Headers already sent” error in PHP ?
No output before sending headers. there should not be any output (i.e. echo.. or
HTML codes) before the header(.......);command. remove any white-
space(or newline) before <?php and after ?> tags. After header(...); you must
use exit;
14. How to return JSON from a PHP Script ?
We have to set the Content-Type header with application/json as the value and
print a valid JSON data using echo method
For example
<?php  
 $data = /** whatever you're serializing **/;  

 header('Content­Type: application/json');  

 echo json_encode($data);

15. How can we fix "Memory size Exhausted" errors ?


You can fix it at run time or can be set required size on the php.ini file
ini_set('memory_limit', '512M'); // In a php script at run