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Instructors Reading this Document

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,41,41

1945

130 16c/17305

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FOREWORD

HIS BOOK provides essential data concerning the most important rockets
T and rocket launchers in current use by the Army, or under advanced.
development by the Research and Development Service, Ordnance De-
partment. Complete and factual data, including photographs, may not be
available on all items described in the book, especially those still in the
development stage. Estimates and sketches are given, when possible, where
factual data and photographs are lacking.
Generally speaking, the rocket consists of two major units, the shell
or head unit and the motor or propulsive unit. The shell unit carries the
"pay load"—the high explosive or chemical charge to be directed to the
target, and also the fuze which controls the detonation or ignition of the
charge. The shell unit is usually assembled to the forward part of the rocket.
The motor or propulsive unit contains all of the propellent and stabiliz-
ing components to carry the explosive charge to the target. Generally, the
components include a charge of propellent powder arranged and secured in
a prescribed fashion by a trap inside the motor tube proper, an igniter to.
ignite the propellent powder, a nozzle through which the exhaust gases are
expelled to the rear, and a means for stabilizing the complete round during
flight. Stabilization may be accomplished by fixed or folding fins attached
to the rear of the motor body, or by the rotation of the round during flight.
In the latter case rotation results from the exhaust of the gases through a
multi-nozzle plate with angled jets.
Items classified as standard types are designated by M numbers;
limited procurement and development types are designated by T numbers.
If an item is classified in a standard category (limited standard, substitute
standard, or standard), it may be available for service issue through regular
distribution channels in accordance with priorities established by higher
authority. Limited procurement and development items are generally not
available for issue.

OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET M6A1 LIMITED ST

BOOSTER DETONATOR FIRING PIN SPRING MOTOR SPACER PROPELLANT IGNITER TRAP

SHELL ALUMINUM DISC ALUMINUM CUP FIRING PIN SAFETY PIN NOZZLE AND FIN ASSEMBLY

2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET, M6A1

The 2.36 inch H.E.A.T. Rocket, M6A1, CHARACTERISTICS


with shaped-charge loading is fired from a
Bazooka-type launcher at ground targets. Range 600 yd Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double
Dispersion 8 5 mils base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by
The rocket is effective against the armor Velocity 265 f/s 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
plate of tanks and armored vehicles. After Service temperature limits 0° to 120° F. Type of loading. . . Five sticks held by pulpit trap
penetration it has the effect of throwing Burning time: and cardboard spacer
a white hot metal spray. 0.08 sec. Shell assembly:
At 0° F
This round is a modification of the 0 03 sec. (estimated) Caliber 2.36 in.
At 120° F
Fixed fins Length 8.8 in.
original M6 rocket, now obsolete. Changes Type of stabilization
Filler Pentolite
Length, overall 21.6 in.
were made as follows: improved ignition, 3 4 lb. Weight, filler 0.5 lb.
Weight of round, loaded
involving removal of the contact ring Fuze B D —simple impact type Weight, total 1 57 lb.
from the ogive, reduced powder charge, Type of ignition Electric squib in aluminum
Motor assembly: case, centered in motor
and inserted obturator disc. 1 25 in Launchers M1A1, M9, M9A1
Diameter, outside
The practice round, inert loaded to Length 8.32 in Packaging Packed fuzed, one per fiber
conform to the live round, is the 2.36 Weight(less propellant) 1.82 lb. w/fuze and fins container, 20 containers per
inch Practice Rocket, M7A1. Material WD 1025 or WD X1025 C.D. steel wooden box

OFFI CE C1-1 I EF' OF ORDNANCE


ED
1 DECEMBER 1944
2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET M6A2 LIMITED ST

• SHELL (WITH CONTACT RING) INSULATED BAND NOZZLE AND FIN ASSEMBLY
11.01111.r.
, .11.1101111111111w AMININIVONNIMPor -a--

BOOSTER ALUMINUM CUP FIRING PIN SPRING MOTOR PROPELLANT

tr.=.

DISC DETONATOR FIRING PIN SAFETY PiN SPACER IGNITER TRAP

2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET, M6A2

The 2.36 inch H.E.A.T. Rocket, M6A2,


with shaped-charge loading is fired from
CHARACTERISTICS
a Bazooka-type launcher at ground tar- Range 600 yd. Propellant 0.136 lb. solvent extruded double
gets. The rocket is effective against the Dispersion 8 5 mils base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by
armor plate of tanks and armored vehicles. Velocity 265 f/s 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
After penetration it has the effect of Service temperature limits 0° to 120° F. Type of loading. . Five sticks held by pulpit trap
throwing a white hot metal spray. and cardboard spacer
This round is a modification of the Burning time: Shell assembly:
original M6 rocket, now obsolete. Except At 0°F. 0 08 sec. Caliber 2 36 in.
that the contact ring was not removed At 120° F 0.03 sec. (estimated) Length 8.8 in.
from the ogive, the changes are the same Type of stabilization Fixed fins Filler Pentolite
as for the M6A1. This modification was Length, overall 21.6 in. Weight, filler , 0.5 lb.
performed in a Theater of Operations, Weight of round, loaded 3.4 lb. Weight, total 1 57 lb.
and the designation M6A2 was applied Fuze B D -simple impact type
to distinguish it from the M6A1 modifica- Type of ignition Electric squib in aluminum
tion performed at arsenals in the Zone Motor assembly: case, centered in motor
of the Interior. Diameter, outside 1.25 in Launchers M1, M1A1, M9, M9A1
The practice round, inert loaded to Length 8 32 in Packaging Packed fuzed, one per fiber
conform to the live round, is the 2.36 Weight(less propellant) 1.82 lb. w/fuze and fins container, 20 containers per
inch Practice Rocket, M7A2. Material .WD1025 or WD X1025 C.D. steel wooden box

. Milliiii1111111111111111110111111E01111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE C I EF OF ORDN A NCE 111111111111111111111511111111111111111111111111111111111111E1111111111111111111111Mthfillilliiiini 1 DECEMB FR 1944


2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET M6A3 STANDARD DE ED

''''IAJMINUM DISC ALUMINUM CUP MOTOR IGNITER

BOOSTER DETONATOR SAFETY PIN PROPELLANT TRAP

SHELL FIRING PIN SPRING FIRING PIN SPACER NOZZLE AND FIN ASSEMBLY

2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET, M6A3

The 2.36 inch H.E.A.T. Rocket, M6A3, Service temperature limits 00 to 120° F. Type of loading. . . Five sticks held by pulpit trap
with shaped-charge isfired from a Bazooka- Burning time: and cardboard spacer
type launcher at ground targets. The At 0° F 0 08 sec.
Shell assembly:
rocket is effective against the armor plate At 120° F 0 03 sec. (estimated)
of tanks and armored vehicles. After Caliber 2 36 in.
Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin
penetration it has the effect of throwing Length 8 8 in.
Length, overall 19.4 in. Filler Pentolite
a white hot metal spray.
This round is the same as the M6A1 Weight of round, loaded 3 4 lb. Weight, filler 0 5 lb.
rocket except for a hemispherical ogive Fuze B.D.—simple impact type Weight, total 1 64 lb.
and cylindrical fins. Motor assembly: Type of ignition Electric squib in aluminum
The practice round, inert loaded to Diameter, outside 1 25 in. case, centered in motor
conform to the live round, is the 2.36 Length 8 32 in.
inch Practice Rocket, M7A3. Weight(less propellant). . 1.741b. w/fuze and fins Launchers M1A1, M9, M9A1
Material. . WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing
Packaging. . . . Packed fuzed, one per fiber con-
CHARACTERISTICS Propellant... .0.136 lb. solvent extruded double tainer, 20 containers per wooden
Range 600 yd.
Dispersion 6 mils base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by box or one per fiber container, 10
Velocity 265 f/s 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long containers per wooden box

1FIED
L IIMIIMI1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1'F'I E CI-11 E1' 6 OF ORDNANCE 1 11ECEMB ER 1944
2.36-INCH WP SMOKE ROCKET M10 STANDARBEOLASSIIIEu
. n

• WASHER FIRING PIN SPRING MOTOR SPACER PROPELLANT IGNITER TRAP

NM=

SHELL DETONATOR BURSTER FIRING PIN SAFETY PIN NOZZLE AND FIN ASSEMBLY

2.36-INCH WP SMOKE ROCKET M10

The 2.36-Inch WP Smoke Rocket NI10 CHARACTERISTICS


(formerly the T26E2) is a WP filled shell
with the 1\16A3 rocket motor. It embodies Range 600 yd. Propellant 0.136 lb. solvent extruded double
Dispersion 6 mils base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by
a special burster assembly not present in Velocity 265 f/s 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
the T26 and T26E1 rockets and super- Service temperature limits 0 to 120 F. Type of loading. . . Five sticks held by pulpit trap
and cardboard spacer
sedes and cancels these two former devel- Burning time: Shell assembly:
At 0 F 0.08 sec. Caliber 2 36 in.
opmental rockets. The rocket is used At 120 F 0.03 sec. (estimated) Length 5.9 in.
for laying down smoke screens and as Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin Filler WP
Length overall 17.1 in. Weight, filler 0 9 lb.
an effective casualty producing weapon Weight of round, loaded 3.4 lb. Weight, total 1 64 lb.
against enemy personnel in foxholes, Fuze B.D.—simple impact type Type of ignition. . . . Electric squib in aluminum
trenches, pillboxes, etc. Motor assembly: case, centered in motor
Diameter, outside 1 25 in Launchers Ml Al, M9, M9A1
Length 8 32 in Packaging Packed fuzed, one per fiber
Weight(less propellant) 1.74 lb. w/fuze and fins container, 12 containers per
Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing wooden box

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF OR DNA NC E 1 DECEMBER 1944


2.36 B.E. COLORED SMOKE ROCKET T32 DEVE E LTYP

11/1111111111

SPACER IGNITER TRAP

MOTOR AND ADAPTER PROPELLANT FIN ASSEMBLY AND NOZZLE

2.36 B.E. COLORED SMOKE ROCKET, T32

The 2.36 inch B.E. (Base Emission) Burning time: Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double
Colored Smoke Rocket, T32, is a rocket At 0' F 0 08 sec. base powder 0.375 in. O.D. and
At 120° F 0.03 sec. (estimated) 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
shell with colored smoke filling adapted Type of stabilization Type of loading. . Five sticks held by pulpit trap
Fixed ring shroud fin
to the M6A1 rocket motor. It is designed Length, overall 191/8 in. and cardboard spacer
for ground to ground and ground to air Weight of round, loaded 3.4 lb. Shell assembly:
Fuze No fuze—ignition of shell to Caliber 2.36 in.
signaling. Length 63/8 in.
be by motor flash through
small orifice in motor head Filler Smoke, colored
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: Weight, filler 1 lb. (estimated)
Diameter, outside Weight, total 1 64 lb.
Range 600 yd (from M6A1) 1 25 in. Type of ignition Electric squib in aluminum
Dispersion 6 mils (from M6A1) Length 8.32 in. case, centered in motor
Velocity 265 f/s (from M6A1) Weight(less propellant) . 1.741b. w/fuzeand fins Launchers M1A1, M9, M9A1
Service temperature limits 00 to 120° F. Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to 126

L OFFICE CHI EF OF OR I II 11111 III III IhllhhllhllhIIIIIIIIIIIfflII 1 DECEMBER 1944


2.36 INCH SMOKE ROCKET T33 DEVELOPMENT TDECLA
FIEI

SPACER PROPELLANT IGNITER TRAP

MINIM

SHELL MOTOR (AND ADAPTER) NOZZLE AND FIN ASSEMBLY

2.36 INCH SMOKE ROCKET, 133

The 2.36 inch Smoke Rocket, T33, Service temperature limits 00 to 120° F Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double
base powder 0.375 in. O.D. and
combines a colored smoke filled shell with Burning time: 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
an M6A3 rocket motor. The shell is At 0° F 0 08 sec.
At 120° F Type of loading Five sticks held by pulpit trap
0 03 sec. (estimated)
designed to burst in the air through con- Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin
and cardboard spacer
trol by a powder train time fuze. The Length, overall Shell assembly:
16.9 in. Caliber 2.36 in.
purpose of the rocket is ground to ground Weight of round, loaded 3.4 lb. Length 6.6 in.
and ground to air signaling. Fuze Powder train initiated by motor blast Filler Smoke, colored
Motor assembly: Weight, filler 1 lb. (estimated)
Weight, total 1.64 lb
CHARACTERISTICS Diameter, outside 1 25 in. Type of ignition Electric squib in aluminum
Range 600 yd.(From M6A3) Length 8 32 in. case centered in motor
Dispersion 8 mils (from M6A3) Weight (less propellant) 1 74 lb. Launchers M1 A1, M9, M9A1
Velocity 265 f/s (from M6A3) Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to T26

L 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111:11111111M11111111111111111111I1111111111111111111 OFFICE 111-1 IEF 8 OF ORDNANCE 111111111111111111111111:11IIIIIIIREIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIII11111111111111111111111M 1 ID ECEMBER 1944


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2.36 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET T59 DEVELOPMENT TY i,e2./

The 2.36 inch H.E.A.T. Rocket,T59,is Service temperature limits —20° to +130° F. Propellant....0.4 lb. solvent center-drilled wafers
designed to produce an increased velocity Burning time: Type of loading On rod in motor. Metal
At —20° F 0 01 sec.(estimated) washers and sleeves used
with a heavier charge thus increasing its to space propellant on
effectiveness against armor plate of tanks At +130° F 0 01 sec. (estimated) rod
and armored vehicles. Type of stabilization..Folding fins with kick springs Shell assembly:
The practice round, inert loaded to Length, overall 21.8 in (preliminary design) Caliber 2 36 in.
conform to the live round, is the 2.36 Weight of round, loaded 6.2 lb.(estimated) Length 8 1 in.
inch Practice Rocket, T60. Fuze.,.Probably point initiating, base detonating Filler Pentolite
Weight, filler 1 lb.(estimated)
Motor assembly: Weight, total 2.5 lb.(estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS Diameter, outside 2 36 in. Type of ignition...Special electric igniter molded
Length 11.8 in. to trap rod
Range....1,000 yd. at 150 elevation (estimated)
Dispersion 1.5 mils (estimated) Weight (less propellant) 2 15 lb wifins Launchers M1A1,M9, M9A1
Velocity 540 f/s (estimated) Material WD X4130 steel tubing Packaging To be developed

_ „2
9,11
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. 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111113 OFFIcE OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


r""r

2.36 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET T70 DEVELOPMENT TYPEiI-


The 2.36 inch Chemical Rocket, T70, is Service temperature limits 0° to 120° F Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double
Burning time: powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by 0.08
an "H"filled shell, designed by the Chem- At 0° F. 0 08 sec. in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long .
ical Warfare Service, with a 2.36 inch At 120° F 0 03 sec.(estimated) Type of loading..5 sticks held by pulpit trap and
Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin cardboard spacer
M6A3 rocket motor. A detonator burster Shell assembly:
Length, overall 17.5 in. (estimated) Caliber 2 36 in.
assembly will be used to release the filler Weight of round, loaded 3 4 lb. Length 6%6 in.
on impact. Fuze B D —simple impact type Filler. H
Motor assembly: Weight, filler 0 85 lb.(estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS Diameter, outside 1 25 in. Weight, total 1 6 lb.(estimated)
Length 8 22 in. Type of ignition. .Electric squib in aluminum case
411 Range
Dispersion
600 yd.(estimated)
6 mils (estimated)
Weight(less propellant). .1.74 lb. w/fuze and fins
Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 Launchers
centered in motor
M1A1, M9, M9A1
Velocity 265 fis steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to T26 and T27

OFFICE CHIEF 01 ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


2.36 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET T71 DEVELOPMENT
The 2.36 inch Chemical Rocket, T71, Burning time: Type of loading 5 sticks held by
At 0° F 0 08 sec. pulpit trap and
is a "CG" filled shell, designed by the At 120° F 0.03 sec.(estimated) cardboard spacer
Chemical Warfare Service, with a 2.36 Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin Shell assembly:
inch M6A3 rocket motor. A detonator Length, overall 17.5 in.(estimated) Caliber 2 36 in.
Weight of round, loaded 3 4 lb. Length 6%6 in.
burster assembly will be used to release Fuze B D —simple impact type Filler CG
the filler on impact. Motor assembly: Weight, filler 0 85 lb. (estimated)
Diameter, outside 1 25 in.
Length 8 32 in. Weight, total 1 6 lb. (estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS Weight(less propellant). .1.74lb. w/fuze and fins Type of ignition. . Electric squib in aluminum case
Range 600 yd.(estimated) Material..WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing centered in motor
Dispersion 6 mils (estimated) Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double Launchers M1A1, M9, M9A1
Velocity 265 f/s base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by Packaging Probably similar to T26
Service temperature limits 0° to 120° F. 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long and T27

L OFFICE C I El OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


11 FIA
2.36 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET T72-DEVELOPM TYPE /1
Li Li 1,1
The 2.36 inch Chemical Rocket, T72, Service temperature limits 0° to 120° F. Propellant 0 136 lb. solvent extruded double
is an "AC"filled shell, designed by the Burning time: base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by
0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
Chemical Warfare Service, with a 2.36 At 0° F. 0 08 sec. Type of loading 5 sticks held by pulpit trap
inch M6A3 rocket motor. A detonator At 120° F. 0 03 sec.(estimated)
and cardboard spacer
burster assembly will be used to release Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin Shell assembly:
the filler on impact. Length, overall 20.3 in. (estimated) Caliber 2 36 in.
Weight of round, loaded 3 4 lb. Length 9y8
Fuze B D —simple impact type Filler AC
Weight, filler 06 lb. (estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: Weight, total 1 6 lb. (estimated)
Diameter, outside 1 25 in. Type of ignition. .Electric squib in aluminum case
Range 500 yd.(estimated) Length 8 32 in. centered in motor
Dispersion 8 mils (estimated) Weight(lesspropellant) 1 74lb w/fuzeand fins Launchers M1A1, M9, M9A1
Velocity 265 f/s Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to 126 and T27

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EIMMEIMMIMMIIIIMIIIIMEMI111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944
2.36 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET T73 DEVELOPME „..„., tr(Pil,
t.,71 :.4
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The 2.36 inch Chemical Rocket, T73, Velocity 265 Us tinailiktn
ill 14 "
.14A- 6 ?solvent extruded double
Service temperature limits 00 to 120° F. base powder, 0.375 in. O.D. by
is a "CC" filled shell, designed by the Burning time: 0.08 in. I.D. by 4.15 in. long
Chemical Warfare Service, with a 2.36 At 0° F 0 08 sec. Type of loading 5 sticks held by pulpit trap
At 120° F 0 03 sec.(estimated) and cardboard spacer
inch M6A3 rocket motor. A detonator Shell assembly:
burster assembly will be used to release Type of stabilization
Length, overall
Fixed ring shroud An
18.3 in.(estimated)
Caliber 2 36 in.
Length 7/1 16 in.
the filler on impact. Weight of round, loaded 3.4 lb. Filler CC
Fuze B D —simple impact type Weight, filler 0 8 lb.(estimated)
Motor assembly: Weight, total 1 6 lb.(estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS Diameter, outside 1 25 in. Type of ignition..Electric squib in aluminum case.
Length 8 32 in. centered in motor
Range 550 yd (estimated) Weight(lesspropellant). 1 74Ib w/fuzeand fins Launchers M1.A1, M9, M9A1
Dispersion 6-8 mils (estimated) Material WD X4130 or WD 8630 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to 126 and T27

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111115 OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 DECEMBER 1 944 •


3.25-INCH A.A. TARGET ROCKET M2 LIMITED STA SSIRE

NOSE MOTOR MOTOR EXTENSION SEALING CUP

IGNITER AND PROPELLANT ON TRAP FINS

3.25-INCH A.A. TARGET ROCKET M2

The 3.25-Inch A.A. Target Rocket M2 Burning time: Type of loading 18 sticks strung on a 6-wire cage
At 30° F 0 25 sec. (estimated) Shell assembly:
is designed to simulate low flying aircraft At 120° F. 010 sec. (estimated) Caliber 3.25 in.
in the training of antiaircraft gun crews. Type of stabilization Fixed fins Length 4.1 in.
The large fins act as a target. Length, overall 59.1 in Filler Solid cast nose except for 1 1/8 in.
This rocket has not been fired for Weight of round, loaded 35.1 lb. axial hole
Fuze No fuze Weight, filler None
specific data on range and dispersion. Motor assembly: Weight, total 5.83 lb.
Diameter, outside 3 25 in. Type of ignition Electric squib contained in
CHARACTERISTICS Length 25.25 in. cardboard cartridge in nose.
Weight (less propellant) 8 44 lb. Ignition aided by auxiliary
Range 1,700 yd. (estimated) Material. . WD 1010 to WD 1025 steel tubing igniter bag tied to cage
Dispersion No data Propellant 3.2 lb. solvent extruded double Launchers Target Rocket Projector M1
Velocity 530 f/s (estimated) base powder, 0.875 in. O.D. by Packaging Either two or three rounds per
Service temperature limits 30° to 120° F. 0.281 in. I.D. by 5 in. long wooden box

OFFICE CHIEF 8 OF OR 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111ll 1 DECEMBER 1944


4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET M8-LIMITED STANDAITE SIFIED
AUXILIARY BOOSTER MOTOR IGNITER

FUZE SHELL PROPELLANT AUXILIARY IGNITER TRAP FIN RETAINER

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, M8

Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Shell assembly:


The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, M8, is used acceleration Caliber 4.5 in.
for attacking lightly fortified ground Length, overall 31.1 in. w/o fuze Length 7 5 in.
targets and against personnel from air- Weight of round, loaded 38.1 lb. Filler TNT
Fuze . . P.D. M4, M4A1, M4A2, selective SQ Weight, filler 4.3 lb.
craft or ground launchers. or delay, P.D. 14
Weight, total 14.5 lb. to 15.25 lb.
The practice round, inert loaded to Motor assembly:
conform to the live round, is the 4.5 inch Type of ignition Cardboard igniter cartridge
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. containing electric squib
Practice Rocket, M9. Length 23.29 in. and backed by plastic cup
Weight (less propellant) 11.65 lb. pressed into motor venturi.
Material WD 1025 welded steel tubing Two auxiliary ignition bags
CHARACTERISTICS Propellant: tied to wire cage
Range 4,000 yd. Full charge. . 4.65 lb. solvent extruded double Launchers M10, M12, M14, 127, T27E1, 131,
Dispersion 15 mils base powder 7/8 in. O.D. by 133,134,136,138,146,T46E1,147,
Velocity: 392 in. I.D. by 5 in. long 157, 158, 160, 161
Full charge 850 f/s Reduced charge 4 2 lb. solvent extruded
Reduced charge 760 f/s double base powder 7/8 Packaging Packed unfuzed, one per fiber
Service temperature limits: in. O.D. by A in. I.D. container, two containers per
0
20 to 90° F.—Full Charge wooden box. One fuze and
50° to 130° F.—Reduced Charge by 5 in. long one auxiliary booster per fiber
Burning time: Type of loading: container or metal can, 15
At 20° F. 0 3 sec. (estimated) Full charge . 30 sticks strung on 10-wire cage containers or cans per metal
At 130' F 0.12 sec. (estimated) Reduced charge 27 sticks strung on 10-wire cage box

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I., ellliiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIiiiiilliiiiiiiiiiiinillIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIlialliiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIII OFFICE 1HI EF 6 OF ORDNANCE IIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIiiiiIiiiiiMIIIIIIIIENIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIM 1 DECEMB ER 1 944


M8A1 LIMITED STANDARD
4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET
EL
MOTOR IGNITER
• FUZE AUXILIARY BOOSTER SHELL

AUXILIARY IGNITER TRAP FIN RETAINER

PROPELLANT

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, M8A1

The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, M8A1, is Service temperature limits —10° to +105° F. Shell assembly:
Burning time: Caliber 4 5 in.
used for attacking lightly fortified ground, Length 7 5 in.
At —10° F 03 sec.
targets and against personnel from air- At +105° F 0.13 sec Filler TNT
craft or ground launchers. Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Weight, filler 4.3 lb.
This rocket differs from the M8 by an acceleration Weight, total 15.7 to 16.1 lb.
increased thickness at the threaded end Length, overall 31.5 in. w/o fuze Type of ignition ...Cartridge igniter containing
of the rocket motor, use of a rocket motor Weight of round, loaded 38.8 lb. electric squib backed by plastic
steel with greater yield point strength, Fuze. . . . P.D. M4, M4A1, M4A2,selective SQ cup is pressed into venturi.
and coarser threads remachined in the or delay; P.D. 14 Ignition aided by two auxiliary
base of the rocket shell. bags tied to cage
Motor assembly:
The practice round, inert loaded to Diameter, outside 4.5 in. Launchers.. M10, M12, M14, 127, T27E1,
inch Length 23.49 in. 131, 133, 134, 136, 138, 146,
conform to the live round, is the 4.5
Weight (less propellant) 13.2 lb. T46E1, 147, 157, 158, 160, 161
Practice Rocket, M9A1. Material WD 1025 to WD 1030 welded Packaging. Packed unfuzed, one per fiber or
steel tubing metal container, two containers per
CHARACTERISTICS Propellant 4 65 lb. solvent extruded double wooden box. One fuze and one
base powder, 7/8 in. O.D. by '392 auxiliary booster per fiber con-
Range 4,000 yd.
Dispersion 15 mils in. I.D. by 5 in. long tainer or metal can, 15 containers
Velocity 840 f/s Type of loading. .30 sticks strung on 10-wire cage or cans per metal box

i111111111111111111111111111111E11111111111111111\1111111111011111111\1111111111111511\111\11 OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF 0RD N ANCE 1111111111111111111111111IIII11111111111111111111111111111111111111T11111111111111111111111111111M1111111 1 ID ECEMBER 1944


4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET M8A2 LIMITED STANDA
ED

FUZE AUXILIARY BOOSTER SHELL MOTOR IGNITER

AUXILIARY IGNITER TRAP FIN RETAINER

PROPELLANT
6

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, M8A2

The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, M8A2, is Service temperature limits —10° to +105° F. Shell assembly:
used for attacking lightly fortified ground Burning time: Caliber 4.5 in.
targets and against personnel from air- At —10° F. 03 sec. Length 7.4 in.
craft or ground launchers. At +105 F. 0.13 sec. Filler TNT
This rocket represents a change from Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Weight, filler 4.3 lb.
the M8A1 as the strength of the rocket acceleration Weight, total 15.7 lb. to 16.1 lb.
shell was increased at the base to prevent Length, overall 30.5 in. w/o fuze Type of ignition Cartridge igniter containing
deflection of the metal under pressure of Weight of round, loaded 38.2 lb. electric squib backed by
the burning propellent gases. The length Fuze P D M4, M4A1, M4A2, selective SQ plastic cup pressed into
of the rocket shell and rocket motor or delay; P.D. T4 venturi. Ignition aided by
Motor assembly: two auxiliary bags tied to
thread engagement is greater than in the
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. cage
M8A1 rocket.
Length 23.49 in. Launchers M10, M12, M14, T27, T27E1, T31,
The practice round, inert loaded to
Weight (less propellant) 13.2 lb. T33, T34, T36, T38, T46, T46E1,
conform to the live round, is the 4.5 inch T47, T57, T58, T60, T61
Material WD 1025 to WD 1030 steel
Practice Rocket, M9A2. both welded and seamless tub- Packaging Packed unfuzed, one per fiber or
ing used metal container, two containers per
CHARACTERISTICS Propellant 4.65 lb. solvent extruded double base wooden box. One fuze and one
Range 4,000 yd. powder, 7/8 in. O.D. by in. I.D. by auxiliary booster per fiber container
Dispersion 15 mils • 5 in. long or metal can, 15 containers or cans
Velocity 840 f/s Type of loading 30 sticks strung on a 10-wire cage per metal box.

DECL
L OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE iitlilitilinitIntlitilimillilittimMillnimitE111111111111 1 DECEMBER 1944
4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET M8A3 LIMITED STANDARIDE

FUZE AUXILIARY BOOSTER SHELL MOTOR IGNITER

1111
AUXILIARY IGNITER TRAP FIN RETAINER

PROPELLANT

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, M8A3

The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, M8A3, is Service temperature limits —10° to +105° F. Shell assembly:
Burning time: Caliber 45 in.
used for attacking lightly fortified ground At —10° F 03 sec. Length 7 4 in.
targets and against personnel from air- At 105° F. 013 sec. Filler TNT
craft or ground launchers. Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Weight, filler 4 3 lb.
acceleration Weight, total 15.7 lb. to 16.1 lb.
This rocket is a modification of the
Length, overall 30.5 in w/o fuze Type of ignition Cartridge igniter contain-
M8A2 rocket by the addition of a locking Weight of round, loaded 38.2 lb. ing electric squib backed
burr to each fin blade to assist in rigidly Fuze.....P.D. M4, M4A1, M4A2, selective SQ by plastic cup. Assembly
maintaining the fin in full open position or delay; P.D. 14 pressed into venturi. Igni-
tion aided by two auxiliary
during flight. Motor assembly: bags tied to cage
Diameter, outside 4 5 in.
The practice round,inert loaded to con- Length 23.49 in. Launchers M10, M12, M14, 127, T27E1,
form to the live round, is the 4.5 inch Weight (less propellant) 13.2 lb. T27E2, T31, 133, 134, 136,
Material WD 1025 to WD 1030 steel— 138, T46, T46E1, 147, 157,
Practice Rocket, M9A3. Both welded and seamless tub- 158, 160, 161
ing used Packaging Packed unfuzed, one per fiber or
CHARACTERISTICS Propellant 4 65 lb. solvent extruded double metal container, two containers
base powder, 7/8 in• O.D. by 3-92 per wooden box. One fuze and
Range 4,000 yd. in. I.D. by 5 in. long one auxiliary booster per fiber
Dispersion 15 mils Type of loading . . Thirty sticks strung on 10-wire container or metal can, 15 con-
Velocity 840 f/s cage tainers or cans per metal box

DEct
111111111111111111111[111111111111MIE1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF' ORDNANCE 1 DECEMB ER 1 9 1 4
4.5 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET T3 DEVELOPMENT TYIII EC
u
FUZE HOUSING CONTACT DISC AND IGNITER PLUG

SHELL IGNITER PROPELLANT MOTOR FIN RETAINER

4.5 INCH H.E.A.T. ROCKET, T3

The 4.5 inch H.E.A.T. Rocket, T3, has Burning time: Type of loading . Same as 122 Rocket
a shaped-charge loading for attacking At —20° F 0 36 sec. Shell assembly:
At +120° F 0 13 sec. Caliber
armored vehicles and fortifications. The 4.5 in.
Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Length 15.5 in.
loading is designed for penetration. acceleration Filler Pentolite
The practice round, inert loaded to Length, overall 39.8 in. Weight, filler 4.0 lb.
conform to the live round, is the 4.5 inch Weight of round, loaded 38.3 lb. Weight, total 12.9 lb.
Fuze B D M5, T16, or 117 Type of ignition Bayonet type igniter consisting
Practice Rocket, T56.
Motor assembly: of black powder and electric
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. squib inclosed in ethyl cel-
Length 23.49 in.
CHARACTERISTICS Weight (less propellant) lulose envelope anchored to
13.4 lb.
Material.. .WD 8630 or WD X4130 seamless cage holding propellant
Range 4,600 yd. steel tubing Launchers M10, M12, M14, 127, 127E1,
Dispersion No data Propellant 4.75 lb. solvent extruded double 133, 134, 134E1, 136, 138,
Velocity 865 f/s base powder, 7/8 in. O.D. by 147,157,158,160,161, 165
Service temperature limits —20° to +120° F 32 in.I.D by 514in or51
/ /2in long Packaging Probably similar to M8

DECL
J.111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CI-I I El' OF ORDNANCE 1 11ECEMB ER 1 9 1 4
4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET 122 LIMITED PROCUREMEDECI

AUXILIARY BOOSTER MOTOR FIN RETAINER

FUZE SHELL IGNITER PROPELLANT ON TRAP CONTACT DISC AND IGNITER PLUG

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T22

The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, T22, is used Burning time: Shell assembl
for attacking lightly fortified ground At —20° F. 0 36 sec. Caliber 4 5 in.
At +120° F 0 1 sec. Length 7 4 in.
targets and against personnel from air- Type of stabilization Folding fins opened by Filler TNT
craft or ground launchers. acceleration
Length, overall 30.5 in. w/o fuze Weight, filler 4 3 lb.
This rocket has a new high strength Weight, total
Weight of round, loaded 39.2 to 40 lb. 15.7 lb. to 16 lb.
rocket motor body. It is capable of with- Fuze P D M4A1, M4A2, selective SQ
standing higher working pressures than or delay, P.D. 14, 15, and 16 Type of ignition Bayonet type igniter, consisting
of black powder and electric
the M8, M8A1, and 118A2 rockets, thus Motor assembly: squib in ethyl cellulose en-
providing for an increased powder charge Diameter, outside 4.5 in. velope anchored to cage hold-
Length 23.49 in. ing propellant
with a greater factor of safety. The igniter Weight (less propellant) 13.4 lb.
is a differevt type from that used in the Material....WD 8630 or WD X4130 seamless Launchers. .M10, M12, M14, 127, T27E1, 131,
M8 series. steel tubing 133, 134, 136, 138, 146, T46E1,
147, 157, 158, 160, 161
Propellant 4.75 lb. solvent extruded double
base powder 7/8 in. OD. by '192 Packaging Packed unfuzed, one per fiber or
CHARACTERISTICS metal container, two containers
I.D. by 51/4 in. or 51/2 in. long
Range 4,600 yd. per wooden box. One fuze and
Dispersion 12 mils (estimated) Type of loading .. Twenty 51/2 in. sticks and ten one auxiliary booster per fiber
Velocity 865 f/s 51/4 in. sticks strung on 10. container or metal can, 15 con-
Service temperature limits —20° to +120° F. wire cage tainers or cans per metal box

OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF OR 11111115111111111111111!1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111i1111111111111 1 DECEMBER 1944


4.5-INCH H.E. ROCKET T38E3 LIMITED PROC15161
LkIt FIED
SHELL NOZZLE PLATE
FUZE W/BOOSTER

ADAPTER
FORWARD CONTACT RING

REAR CONTACT RING

LOADED TRAP ASSEMBLY

4.5-INCH H.E. ROCKET T38E3

The 4.5-Inch H.E. Rocket T38E3 is a Burning time: Type of loading. . .Twenty 5.5 in. sticks and ten
At —20° F 0 34 sec. 5.25 in. sticks strung on a
spin-stabilized rocket designed for firing At +120° F 0 1 sec. 10-wire cage
from ground launchers. It is intended for Type of stabilization. Rotational-180 r.p.s.— Shell assembly:
use against personnel and lightly fortified by use of nozzle plate Caliber... 4 5 in.
with 8 angled jets Length 9 4 in.
ground targets. Length, overall 28.7 in. w/o fuze Filler TNT
The practice round, inert loaded to Weight of round, loaded 40.5 lb. w/o fuze Weight, filler 5 2 lb.
Fuze P D M48A2(0.05 sec. delay) with Weight, total 17 lb.
conform to the live round, is the 4.5-Inch Booster M21 A1 Type of ignition Bayonet type igniter consisting
Practice Rocket T39E3. Motor assembly: of black powder and electric
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. squib in ethyl cellulose en
Length 20 in. velope anchored to cage hold-
CHARACTERISTICS Weight (less propellant) 12 lb.
ing propellant. Ignition system
Material WD 8630 or WD 41 30 seamless
Range 5,250 yd. steel tubing contact by contact rings instead
Dispersion 9 mils Propellant..4.75 lb. solvent extruded double base of plug type ignition
Velocity 830 f/s powder, 0.875 in. O.D. by 0.281 in. Launchers 162, T63E1, T66, T72
Service temperature limits -v20° to +120° F ID. by 5.25 in and 5.5 in. long Packaging Probably similar to M8

fit poistro
DECI, Wit

_, 11111B111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111M111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE ICIIIMMIIIIIIIIIIIMMIIMMIE1111111RIMMEIMMOIRIMIIIIIM 1 DECEMBER 1944


4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET T41 LIMITED PROCUREMENm
uEC
AUXILIARY BOOSTER MOTOR

FUZE SHELL PROPELLANT AUXILIARY IGNITER TRAP IGNITER FIN RETAINER

4.5 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T41

Burning time: Shell assembly:


The 4.5 inch H.E. Rocket, T41, is At —10° F. 0 3 sec Caliber 4.5 in.
At +105° F. 0 13 sec. Length 8 94 in.
designed for attacking personnel or lightly Folding fins opened by Filler TNT
Type of stabilization
fortified ground targets from ground or acceleration Weight, filler 5 lb.
aircraft launchers. It is similar to the Length, overall 31.2 in. w/o fuze Weight, total 18.87 lb.
Type of ignition Cartridge igniter containing
T22 rocket except that the motor is con- Weight of round, loaded. . . 39.9 lb. to 40.6 lb. electric squib, backed by
Fuze P D M4A1, M4A2, selective SQ
structed of seamless steel tubing with a and delay, P.D. 14
plastic cup pressed into
modified venturi. motor venturi. Ignition aided
Motor assembly: by two auxiliary bags tied
The practice round, inert loaded to Diameter, outside 4 5 in. to cage
Length 23.28 in. M10, M12, M14, 127, T27E1,
conform to the live round, is the 4.5 inch Weight (less propellant) 13.4 lb.
Launchers
T27E2, 131, 133, 134, 136,
Practice Rocket, T42. Material A.I.S.I. C-1035 seamless steel 138, 146, T46E1, 147, 157,
tubing 158, 160, 161
Propellant 4.65 lb. (approximately) solvent Packaging Packed unfuzed, one per fiber or
CHARACTERISTICS extruded double base powder 7/8 metal container, two containers per
Range 4,500 yd. in. O.D. by Pj in. I.D. by 5 in. wooden box. One fuze and one
Dispersion 14 mils (approximately) long auxiliary booster per fiber con-
Velocity 860 f/s (estimated) Type of loading Thirty sticks strung on a 10- tainer or metal can, 15 containers
Service temperature limits —10' to +105' F. wire cage or cans per metal box

OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


4.5-INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T66 LIMITED PROCUREMENT

4.5-INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T66-REAR VIEW

The 4.5-Inch Multiple Rocket Launcher T66 is a mobile


weapon for use in laying down a barrage with the 4.5-Inch spin-
stabilized rockets, T38 series. It is mounted on a two wheel
trailer type mount with split trails and a firing platform.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 1,050 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 36 in.
Number and arrangement 24 tubes in three 8-tube banks
Composition Aluminum
Mounting 2-wheel split trail carriage for ground firing
Elevation 00 to 45°
Traverse 20°(100 R-10° L)
Rate of fire Ripple Are at 0.5 sec. interval
Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
Fire control equipment M4 mortar sight and quadrant

L OFFICE CFI I EF' OF ORDNANCE 1 1ECE M BER 1 944


4.5-INCH SAP ROCKET T78 LIMITED PROCUREMEDEigh
SHELL FUZE FRONT LUG BAND REAR LUG BAND MOTOR FIN RETAINER

JUNCTOR PROPELLANT ON CAGE IGNITER CONTACT PLUG VENTURI FINS


EXPLODED VIEW OF 4.5-INCH SAP ROCKET T78

This semi-armor-piercing rocket is de-


signed for forward firing from aircraft
only against submarines, surface ships,
and various armored vehicles and ground
installations.
The practice round is the 4.5-Inch
Practice Rocket T86.

CHARACTERISTICS
Range 1,500 yds.(from aircraft)
Dispersion (lateral,due to ammunition). .5 mils P.E. 4.5-INCH SAP ROCKET T78
Velocity 1,000 f/s (relative to aircraft)
Service temperature limits —40° to +130°F. Motor assembly: Shell assembly:
Burning time: Diameter, outside 4 5 in. Caliber 4 5 in.
Length 56 in. Length 18 in.
At —40° F. 0.7 sec. Filler TNT
At +130° F 0 3 sec. (estimated) Weight (less propellant) 45 lb. Weight, filler 2 8 lb.
Material. . . N.E. 8630 cold drawn steel tubing Weight, total 39 lb.
Type of stabilization Four-bladed fixed fin
Propellant. .14.0 lb. H4 solvent extruded double Type of ignition Black powder filled plastic tube
Length, overall 74 in. base powder 1.2 in. O.D. by 0.4 in. with an electric contact plug
Weight of round, loaded 98 lb. I.D. by 10 in. long Launchers Zero length rail
Fuze B D M68 (modified) Type of loading 24 sticks strung on a 6-wire cage Packaging To be developed

OFFICE CHIEF' 6 OF ORDNANCE


SSIFIED 1 DECEMBER 1944
4.5-INCH H.E. ROCKET T83 LIMITED PROCUREMBECL
FUZE FUZE LINER JUNCTOR FRONT LUG BAND REAR LUG BAND MOTOR VENTURI

SHELL PROPELLANT ON CAGE IGNITER CONTACT PLUG FIN RETAINER FINS

EXPLODED VIEW OF 4.5-INCH H.E. ROCKET T83

This rocket is designed for forward


firing from aircraft only against vehicles
and ground installations vulnerable to a
general purpose high explosive shell.
The practice round is the 4.5-Inch
Practice Rocket T87.

CHARACTERISTICS
Range 1,500 yds.(from aircraft)
Dispersion(lateral,due to ammunition)..5 mils P.E.
Velocity 1,000 f/s (relative to aircraft)
Service temperature limits. .. . —40° to +130° F.
Burning time:
At —40° F. 0 7 sec. 4.5-INCH H.E. ROCKET T83
At +130° F 0 3 sec. (estimated)
Type of stabilization Four-bladed fixed An
Length, overall 76 in. w/fuze Propellant. .14.0 lb. H4 solvent extruded double Filler TNT
Weight of round, loaded 98 lb. base powder 1.2 in. O.D. by 0.4 in. Weight, filler 8 8 lb.
Fuze P D MK 149(Navy type) I.D. by 10 in. long Weight, total 39 lb.
Motor assembly: Type of loading .24 sticks strung on a 6-wire cage
Type of ignition Black powder Fulled plastic tube
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. Shell assembly: with an electric contact plug
Length 56 in Caliber 4 5 in.
Weight (less propellant) 45 lb Length, w/o fuze 16 in. Launchers Zero length rail
Material . . . N.E. 8630 cold drawn steel tubing Length, w/fuze 20 in. Packaging To be developed

DECL SSIFIED
_, MI11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CHI E1' OF' ORDNANCE IIIIIIIIIIIIIIII11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 ID ECEMBER 1944
7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET 114 LIMITED PROCUREMEDE

7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T14

Burning time: Type of loading . . .98.5 sticks strung on 33-wire


The 7.2 inch H.E. Rocket, T14, is cage. Stepdown loading with
At —10° F 0 25 sec. (estimated)
designed for attacking personnel and At 130° F 0.09 sec. (estimated)
central grid in cage. Stick
length is 5 in. with some 4 in.
lightly fortified ground targets. Type of stabilization Fixed fins and 1 in. sticks below the
The practice round, inert loaded to Length, overall 41.4 in. w/o fuze grid
Shell assembly:
conform to the live round, is the 7.2 inch Weight of round, loaded 115 lb. (estimated)
Caliber 7 2 in.
Fuze P D M4A1, M4A2,selective SQ
Practice Rocket, T17. or delay
Length 11.8 in.
Filler TNT
Motor assembly: Weight, filler 12.5 lb.
CHARACTERISTICS Diameter, outside 7 2 in Weight, total 47 lb.
Length 27.6 in. Type of ignition Present design of igniter is
Range 5,700 yd. at 32° elevation doughnut shaped plastic car-
Weight (less propellant) 41 lb. tridge placed at front of motor.
6,200 yd.(estimated maximum) Material SAE X4130 or equal C.D. Igniter (plus auxiliary) contains
Dispersion 10 mils (estimated) seamless steel tubing 110 grams of black powder and
Velocity 880 f/s (estimated) Propellant.. 15 lb. solvent extruded double base electric squib
Service temperature limits —10° to +30° F. powder 7/8 in 0.D. by 0.281 in. Launchers T51, T53, and 156
(estimated) I.D. by 1 in. to 5 in. long Packaging To be developed

OFFICE CHIEF OF 4
EIlllIII DECEMBER 1944
7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET 171 LIMITED PROCINIEN,11

SAFETY CAP SHELL PROPELLANT GRID (TRAP) SILICA GEL DRYER

es
. t

FUZE(WITH BURSTER) IGNITER MOTOR , FIN ASSEMBLY CLOSING DISC

7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET, T21

The 7.2 inch Chemical Rocket, T21, Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fins. Shell assembly:
Fin assembly includes Caliber 7.2 in.
is a CG gas filled shell adapted to a 3.25 4 straight fins attached Length 17.4 in.
inch rocket motor. It is intended for use to ring shroud fin unit Filler CG
against personnel. Length, overall 47 in. w/o fuze
Weight of round, loaded 51.8 lb. Weight, filler 20 lb.
Fuze . .Mk. 147, Mod. 1 propeller-arming type Weight, total 31 lb.
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: Type of ignition Flat cellulose acetate igniter
Diameter, outside 3.25 in. containing black powder and
Range 3,300 yd. Length 29.2 in. electric squib installed at
Dispersion 35 mils front of motor
Velocity 680 f/s Weight (less propellant) 15.5 lb.
Service temperature limits 10° to 120 F. Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing Launchers T28, T32, T40, T54, T64
Burning time: Propellant 5.25 lb. solventless powder 2.57 in. Packaging.. One round per wooden box. Fuze,
At 10° F 1 sec. (estimated) O.D. by 1 in. I.D. by 20.06 in. long including burster, is packed in the
At 120° F 0.33 sec. (estimated) Type of loading One stick held in place by grid same box in a metal container

DECLASSIFIED
. 11[111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CH I EF 6 OF ORDN ANCE 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111E111111111111Mili 1 DECEMBER 1944
7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET T24 DEVELOPMENT TYPDECL lED

FUZE HEAD IGNITER TRAP SILICA GEL DRYER

SAFETY CAP PROPELLANT MOTOR CLOSING DISC

7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T24

The 7.2 inch H.E. Rocket, T24, is Type of stabilization. Fixed ring shroud fins. Type of loading..One stick held in place by grid
Fin assembly includes four Shell assembly:
similar to the T21 rocket except for the straight fins attached to a
loading of the rocket shell. It is intended Caliber 7.2 in.
ring shroud fin unit
for use against personnel and lightly Length, overall 41.6 in. w/o fuze Length 13.7 in.
fortified targets. Weight of round, loaded 50 lb. (estimated) Filler TNT
Fuze Mk 147, propeller-arming type Weight, filler 21.6 lb.
Motor assembly: Weight, total 29.4 lb.
CHARACTERISTICS
Diameter, outside 3 25 in. Type of ignition. . . Flat cellulose acetate igniter
Range 3,300 yd Length 29.2 in.
Dispersion 35 mils containing black powder and
Weight (less propellant) 15.5 lb.
Velocity 680 f/s electric squib installed at front
100 to 120° F. Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing
Service temperature limits of motor
Burning time: Propellant. . . .5.25 lb. solventless powder 2.57
At 10° F 1 sec. (estimated) in. O.D. by 1.0 in. I.D. by 20.06 Launchers T28, T32, T40, T54, T64
At 120° F 0.33 sec. (estimated) in. long Packaging Packing similar to T21

OFFICE CHIEF 6 0F ORDNANCE iIIIIIMI11111111111111111111•111111IlliSIMMINIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 1 DECEMBER 1 944


7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET 137 LIMITED PROCUREME

• FELT DISC FUZE IGNITER TRAP MOTOR SILICA GEL DRYER

Z
AaJu„.

*.
"
4.

SHELL AUXILIARY BOOSTER ADAPTER PROPELLANT NOZZLE CLOSING DISC

7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T37

The 7.2 inch H.E. Rocket, T37, is Service temperature limits 10° to 120° F. Type of loading One stick held in place by grid
loaded with plastic H.E. and consists of Burning time: Shell assembly:
At 10° F 0 6 sec. Caliber 7.2 in.
the Navy 2.25 inch Mk. 3 rocket motor At 120° F 0 2 sec. Length 19 in.
and Navy 7.2 inch Mk. 10 shell. It is Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fins Filler C2
intended for use in the demolition of Length, overall 35 in. Weight, filler 32 lb.
fortifications. Weight, total 48.1 lb.
Weight of round, loaded 61 lb.
The practice rounds, inert loaded to Fuze B D Mk. 146, pressure-arming type Type of ignition. . . Flat plastic case containing
conform to the live round, are the 7.2 inch black powder and electric
Motor assembly: squib placed at head end of
Practice Rockets, T44 and T44E1. Diameter, outside 2 25 in.
15.9 in. motor
Length
Weight (less propellant) 9.7 lb. Launchers T28, T40, T54, T64
CHARACTERISTICS Material Navy Mk. 3 motor Packaging Motor and shell packed separately.
Range 230 yd. Propellant. . .1.5 lb. cruciform solventless powder Two shells fuzed, and two motor
Dispersion. .10 mils(average)from 90 in. launcher grain, 1.7 in. O.D. by 0.44 in. I.D. adapters packed in wooden box.
Velocity 160 f/s by 11.3 in. long Six motors packed per wooden box

DECLA
OFFICE CFI I El' 6 O1' ORDNA II C1 E 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 DECEmBER 1944
7.2 INCH WP SMOKE ROCKET T50 DEVELOPME

• SAFETY CAP SHELL MOTOR AND FIN ASSEMBLY CLOSING DISC

e 14.
1

FUZE WITH BURSTER IGNITER PROPELLANT GRID (TRAP) SILICA GEL DRYER

7.2 INCH WP SMOKE ROCKET, T50

The 7.2 inch WP Smoke Rocket, T50, Service temperature limits 100 to 120° F. Propellant. . .5.25 lb. solventless powder 2.57 in.
Burning time: O.D. by 1.0 in. I.D. by 20.06 in.
is a WP filled shell adapted to a 3.25 inch At 10° F 1 sec. (estimated) long
rocket motor. It is intended for firing At 120° F 0 33 sec. (estimated) Type of loading . .0ne stick held in place by grid
against personnel. Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fins. Fin as- Shell assembly:
sembly includes four straight Caliber 7 2 in.
No tests of this rocket have been made, fins attached to ring shroud Length 15 in.
but performance should be similar to the fin unit Filler WP
T21 rocket. Length, overall 44.1 in. Weight, filler 21 lb.
Weight of round, loaded 51.75 lb. Weight, total 31 lb.
Fuze . . . Mk. 147 Mod. 1 propeller-arming type Type of ignition Flat cellulose acetate igniter
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: containing black powder and
Diameter, outside 3 25 in. electric squib installed at front
Range 3,300 yd Length 29.2 in. of motor
Dispersion 35 mils Weight (less propellant) 15 5 lb. Launchers T28, T32, T40, T54, T64
Velocity 680 f/s Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to T21

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111I OFF'ICE CI-TIE1' 6 OF ORDNANCE 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 DECEMBER 19 1 4


7.2 INCH FS SMOKE ROCKET T51 DEVELOPME
IED

SAFETY CAP SHELL MOTOR AND FIN ASSEMBLY CLOSING DISC

C ,

FUZE WITH BURSTER IGNITER PROPELLANT GRID (TRAP) SILICA GEL DRYER

7.2 INCH FS SMOKE ROCKET, T51

The 7.2 inch FS Smoke Rocket, T51, Service temperature limits 10° to 120° F. Propellant. . .5.25 lb. solventless powder, 2.57 in.
is a FS filled shell adapted to a 3.25 inch Burning time: O.D. by 1.0 in. I.D. by 20.06 in.
At 10° F 1 sec. (estimated) long
rocket motor. It is intended for laying At 120° F 0 33 sec. (estimated) Type of loading . One stick held in place by grid
down smoke screens and for anti-personnel Type of stabilization ...Fixed ring shroud fins. Fin Shell assembly:
effect. assembly includes 4straight Caliber 7 2 in.
No tests of this rocket have been made Fins attached to ring shroud Length 15 in.
Fin unit Filler FS smoke
but performance should be similar to the Length, overall 44.1 in Weight, filler 21 lb.
T21 rocket. Weight of round, loaded 51.75 lb. Weight, total 31 lb.
Fuze Mk. 147 Mod. 1 propeller-arming type Type of ignition. . . Flat cellulose acetate igniter
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: containing black powder and
Diameter, outside 3 25 in. electric squib installed at front
Range 3,300 yd. Length 29.2 in. of motor
Dispersion 35 mils Weight (less propellant) 15.5 lb. Launchers T28, T32, T40, 154, T64
Velocity 680 f/s Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to 121

L iiiiiiiiiIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMI OFFICE CHIEF 6 0


OF ORDNANCE IIIIIIIIiIIIIIIIMIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMIIIIIIIIIMMIM 1 DEC MB ER 1944
7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET 152 DEVELOPMENT Ultia4 1E1

SAFETY CAP SHELL MOTOR AND FIN ASSEMBLY CLOSING DISC

FUZE WITH BURSTER IGNITER PROPELLANT GRID (TRAP) SILICA GEL DRYER

7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET, T52

The 7.2 inch Chemical Rocket, T52, Burning time: Propellant. . .5.25 lb. solventless powder 2.57 in.
is a CC filled shell adapted to a 3.25 At 10° F 1 0 sec. (estimated) O.D. by 1.0 in. I.D. by 20.06 in.
At 120° F 0 33 sec. (estimated) long
inch rocket motor. It is intended for lay-
Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fins. Fin Type of loading One stick held in place by grid
ing down smoke screens and for anti- Shell assembly:
assembly includes 4straight
personnel effect. fins attached to a ring Caliber 7.2 in.
No tests of this rocket have been made shroud fin unit Length 19.6 in.
but performance should be similar to the Length, overall 48.8 in Filler CC
T21 Rocket. Weight of round, loaded 51 75 lb. Weight, filler 18.5 lb.
Fuze Mk 147 Mod 1 propeller- Weight, total 31 lb.
arming type Type of ignition. . . Flat cellulose acetate igniter
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly:
containing black powder and
Diameter, outside 3 25 in. electric squib installed at front
Range 3,300 yd.
Dispersion 35 mils Length 29.2 in. of motor
Velocity 680 f/s Weight (less propellant) 15 5 lb Launchers T20, T32, T41, T54, T64
Service temperature limits 100 to 120° F Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to T21

L OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF ORDNANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET T53 DEVELOPMENT

SAFETY CAP SHELL MOTOR AND FIN ASSEMBLY CLOSING DISC

FUZE WITH BURSTER IGNITER PROPELLANT GRID (TRAP) SILICA GEL DRYER

7.2 INCH CHEMICAL ROCKET, T53

The 7.2 inch Chemical Rocket, T53, Burning time: Propellant. . .5.25 lb. solventless powder 2.57 in.
At 10° F. 1 sec. (estimated) O.D. by 1.0 in. I.D. by 20.06 in.
is an AC gas filled shell adapted to a 3.25 long
At 120° F 033 sec. (estimated)
inch rocket motor. It is intended for use Type of stabilization ...Fixed ring shroud fins. Fin Type of loading. . One stick held in place by grid
against personnel. assembly includes4straight Shell assembly:
No tests of this rocket have been made fins attached to a ring Caliber 7 2 in.
shroud fin unit Length 26.7 in.
but performance should be similar to the Length, overall 55.9 in w/o fuze Filler AC gas
T21 rocket. Weight of round, loaded 51.75 lb. Filler weight 14.9 lb.
Fuze Mk. 147, Mod. 1 propeller- Total weight 31 lb.
arming type Type of ignition. . . Flat cellulose acetate igniter
CHARACTERISTICS Motor assembly: containing black powder and
Diameter, outside 3.25 in. electric squib installed at front
Range 3,300 yd. of motor
Dispersion 35 mils Length 29.2 in.
Velocity 680 f/s Weight (less propellant) 15.5 lb. Launchers T28, T32, T40, T54, T64
Service temperature limits 10° to 120° F. Material WD 1020 to 1025 steel tubing Packaging Probably similar to T21

F'F'I CE CHI EF' OF' OR DN ANCE 1 DECEMB ER 1 944


7.2 INCH H.E. ROCKET T69 DEVELOPMENT TYPE P-4 il ,111;;
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The 7.2 inch H.E. Rocket, T69, like Burning time: Type of lioadr
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the 7.2 inch T37 rocket, has a 7.2 inch At10°F.06sec.
At120°F.02sec. Shell assembly:
shell adapted to a 2.25 inch motor. The Type of stabilization Fixed ring shroud fin Caliber --e. 1;1ae684'bri7
dj2L-fi ni .
shaped-charge loading is intended to Length, overall 45 in. (estimated) Length 25.5 in.
produce an increased demolition effect. Weight of round, loaded 61 lb. (estimated) Filler Pentolite
Fuze BD MK 146 Weight, filler
Motor assembly: 15 lb. (estimated)
Diameter, outside Weight, total 48 lb. (estimated)
CHARACTERISTICS 2 25 in.
Type of ignition Flat plastic case containing
Length 15.9 in.
Range 230 yd (estimated) Weight (less propellant) 9 7 lb. black powder and electric
Dispersion 10 mils from 90 in launcher Material Navy Mk: 3 motor squib at front of powder
(estimated) Propellant. .1.5 lb. single cruciform grain powder stick
Velocity 160 f/s (estimated) 1.7 in. O.D. by 0.44 in. I.D. by 11.3 Launchers T28, T40, T54, T64
Service temperature limits 100 to 120° F. in. long Packaging Probably similar to T37

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OFFICE CHIEF oF ORDNANCE 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 DECEMBER 1944


8 INCH H.E. ROCKET 125 DEVELOPMENT TYPE
ED
CLOSING DISC

FUZE SHELL PROPELLANT - IGNITER TRAP FIN LOCKING RING

8 INCH H.E. ROCKET, T25

The 8 inch H.E. Rocket, T25, is a Burning time: Type of loading .30 sticks strung on 10-wire cage
At —10° F 03 sec. Shell assembly:
100-lb. AN—M30, G.P., H.E. Bomb, At 105° F 0 12 sec Caliber 8 in.
adapted to a 4.5 inch rocket motor. It is Type of stabilization Fixed box fin Length 271/2 in.
intended for use in the demolition of Length, overall 601/4 in w/fuze Filler TNT
Weight of round loaded 137 lb (estimated) Weight, filler 58 lb.
dugouts and concrete obstacles. Fuze P D 120, propeller-arming type,SQ Weight, total 100 to 107 lb.
Motor assembly: Type of ignition ...Black powder igniter bag con-
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. taining electric squib tied to
Length 23.28 in. cage holding propellant
CHARACTERISTICS Weight (less propellant) 13 lb Launchers 137, 153
Material A.I.S.I. #C-1035 seamless steel Packaging Transported in expendable packing
Range 550 yd. tubing crate launcher 153. Also packed in
Dispersion 10-12 mils Propellant. . . 4.65 lb. solvent double base powder Four separate boxes for field as-
Velocity 220 f/s 7
/ 8 in. O.D. by %2 in. I.D. by 5 in. sembly, one box each for fuze,
Service temperature limits —10° to +105° F. long shell, motor, and fins

RED
OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDN ANCE lrIIuhlllhllItIIIllhIIIlIIIlIIIItlIllllhIIillllhIilIIIillllhlIlIIllhilllhIllhI 1 DECEMBER 1944
8 INCH INCENDIARY ROCKET T34 DEVELOPMENT TMC6-
61

CLOSING DISC

41116
-211
FUZE SHELL PROPELLANT IGNITER CAGE FIN FIN LOCKING RING

8 INCH INCENDIARY ROCKET, T34

The 8 inch Incendiary Rocket, T34, Burning time: Type of loading . 30 sticks strung on a 10-wire cage
is an incendiary bomb adapted to a 4.5 At —10° F 03 sec. Shell assembly:
At 105° F 0 12 sec Caliber 8 in.
inch rocket motor. The rocket shell is Type of stabilization Fixed box fin Length 271/2 in.
the 100-lb. AN—M30,G.P. bomb loaded Length, overall 61 1/4 in. w/fuze Filler Incendiary mix
with an incendiary mix. It is intended for Weight of round loaded 120 lb. (estimated) Weight, filler 38 lb.
Fuze P.D. 1-20, propeller-arming type, SQ Weight, total 85 lb.
incendiary use. Motor assembly: Type of ignition. . . Black powder igniter bag con-
Diameter, outside 4 5 in. taining electric squib tied to
Length 23.28 in. cage holding propellant
CHARACTERISTICS Weight (less propellant) 13 4 lb Launchers T37 and T53
Material A.I.S.I. 4/C-1035 seamless steel Packaging. . . Transported in expendable packing
Range 550 yd.(estimated) tubing crate launcher, 153. Also packed in
Dispersion 10-12 mils (estimated) Propellant. . . 4.65 lb. solvent double base powder four separate boxes for field as-
Velocity 220 f/s (estimated) 7/8 in. O.D. by %2 in. I.D. by 5 in. sembly, one box each for fuze,
Service temperature limits —10° to +105° F. long shell, motor and fins

L OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF ORDNANCE i1111111511111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 1 DECEMBER 1 944


21 CM H.E. ROCKET T36 DEVELOPMENT TYPE

MOTOR IGNITER CUP FRONT IGNITER TRAP REAR IGNITER

.40

FUZE SHELL IGNITER WICK PROPELLANT NOZZLE PLATE

EXPLODED VIEW OF 21 CM H.E. ROCKET, T36

The 21 cm H.E. Rocket, T36, is pat-


terned after the 21 cm German rocket.
It is intended for firing from ground and
aircraft launchers in the attack of per-
sonnel and other ground targets.
The practice round, inert loaded to
conform to the live round, is the 21 cm
Practice Rocket, T45.

CHARACTERISTICS 21 CM H.E. ROCKET, T36

Range 9,000 yd. (estimated)


Dispersion 12 mils (estimated) Motor assembly: Shell assembly:
Velocity 1,200 f/s (estimated) Diameter, outside 8 43 in.
Service temperature limits.00 to 100° F.(estimated) Caliber 8 25 in.
Length 26.7 in. Length 19.75 in.
Burning time: Weight (less propellant) 87 lb.(approximately) Filler TNT
At 70° F. 1 5 sec (approximately) No Material WD 1335, WD X4130, or WD Weight, filler 24 lb.
data at other temperatures 8630 carbon or alloy steel Weight, total 95 lb.
At 100° F No data Propellant. . .39.55 lb. (maximum) solventless
Type of stabilization ...Rotational—nozzle plate powder 2.49 in. O.D. by 0.30 in. Type of ignition Special dual igniter and special
with 22 angled jets I.D. by 21.6 in. long primer with igniter wick in
Length, overall 46.3 in. w/o fuze Type of loading. . Seven sticks (5.65 lb. maximum central powder grain
Weight of round, loaded 243 lb. per stick), held in place by a Launchers T49 and T50
Fuze P.D. M51, selective SO or delay grid Packaging To be developed

DE Ii
I, OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF 0R DN ANCE 1 D ECEMB ER 1 9 1 4
$

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2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER M1A1 LIMITED STA

41k.-

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2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, MI Al-LEFT SIDE

The 2.36 inch Rocket Launcher, M1A 1, powder as the rocket leaves the tube. One Mounting Fired from shoulder in standing,
known as the "Bazooka," is an electrically dry cell firing battery and one spare bat- kneeling, or prone position
tery are kept in the wooden stock. Elevation By operator
operated shoulder weapon. It is employed Traverse By operator
against tanks, armored vehicles, pill- Rate of Are Not specified. Weapon must be
boxes, and emplacements. The launcher CHARACTERISTICS sighted before firing each round
is operated normally by two men although Firing mechanism Electric trigger switch
Weight, total 13.3 lb. Fire control equipment.. . Front stud sights provide
it can be handled by one man in an Rails or tubes: for ranges of 100, 200,
emergency. Length 54.5 in. and 300 yds. Inter-
This launcher has a flash deflector to Number and arrangement Single tube with mediate or greater range
stock and trigger must be estimated. Rear
protect the operator from unburned Composition Smooth bore steel tube sight is a peep sight.

FACE GUARD
TRIGGER GUARD
BARREL REINFORCING WIRE

CIRCUIT
/TAIL LATCH {INDICATOR
"COVER
'
HASP' r-

STOCK--
.CONTACT SPRING --()LING
BREECH GUARD

2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, MI Al-RIGHT SIDE

11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFF CE I EF oF OR ID NANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944


2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER M9 LIMITED STAN

THE 2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M9, HAS A TUBE THAT MAY BE UNCOUPLED INTO TWO PIECES

The 2.36 inch Rocket Launcher, M9,is an electrically operated


shoulder weapon. It is similar to the 1V[1A1 launcher except for
improved sighting, a tube that may be uncoupled into two
pieces, and a magneto-operated instead of a battery-operated
electric firing circuit.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 16 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 60 in.
Number and arrangement Single tube may be uncoupled into two
31-inch lengths. Stock and trigger as-
sembly attached to rear section
Composition Smooth bore steel tube
Mounting . . . Fired from shoulder in standing, kneeling, or prone position
Elevation By operator
Traverse By operator
Rate of fire Not specified. Weapon must be sighted before firing
each round
Firing mechanism Pressing trigger generates current to fire the rocket
Fire control equipment Horizontal bar sight with range adjustments
2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M9 From 0 to 700 yd.

L, 11111111111111111111111111111111111111!111111111:11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE CH I EF 8 OF 0R DN A111. 11111 ill i 111 11111111ilii II 1 944


2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER M9A1 STANDAR
g 5 IED

2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M9A1-RIGHT SIDE VIEW

2.36 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M9A1-LEFT SIDE VIEW

The 2.36 inch Rocket Launcher, M9A1,is an electrically


operated shoulder weapon. It is the same as the M9
launcher except for a modified tube coupling better fitted
to withstand rough usage.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 16 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 60 in.
Number and arrangement Single tube may be uncoupled into
two 31 -inch lengths. Stock and
trigger assembly attached to rear
section
Composition Smooth bore steel tube
Mounting Fired From shoulder in standing, kneeling, or prone
position
Elevation By operator
Traverse By operator
Rate of fire Not specified. Weapon must be sighted before firing
each round
Firing mechanism Pressing trigger generaies current to fire rocket
Fire control equipment . . Horizontal bar sight with range adjustments
From 0 to 700 yd.

imiliiiiiimmiiiiniminsimininuniminiiimminsi OF'FICE CI-IIEF 6 OF OR ID R 1944


ROCKET TARGET PROJECTOR Mil STANDARD
El

ROCKET TARGET PROJECTOR, Ml, IN FIRING POSITION

The Rocket Target Projector, Ml, is


used to launch the 3.25 inch rocket target.
The rails are mounted on a two-wheel
carriage and are lowered into traveling
position for towing. The mobility of this
launcher permits firing courses to be set
up quickly.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 750 lb.
Rail or tubes:
Length 132 in.
Number and arrangement . Two parallel rails
guide single rock-
et in launching
Composition Steel tubing
Mounting Rails mounted on two-wheel
carriage with pneumatic tires
Elevation 00 to 600
Traverse By moving carriage
Rate of fire One to two rounds per minute
(estimated). Rate of fire of
secondary importance. After
loading personnel take cover
at maximum distance permitted
by firing cable
Firing mechanism. . Electric current supplied by dry
cells in reel and battery box.
Cable on reel permits remote
firing
Fire control equipment. Direct and indirect laying;
sighting and levelina de-
ROCKET TARGET PROJECTOR, Ml. IN TRAVELING POSITION v ices provided.E
.... -

I. OFF'ICE CI-IIEF' OF 0' III 11


III DECEMBER 1944
4.5 INCH 3-TUBE A.C. ROCKET LAUNCHER M10
ED

4.5 INCH 3-TUBE A.C. ROCKET LAUNCHER, MO, MOUNTED UNDER WING OF FIGHTER PLANE

The 4.5 inch 3-Tube A.C. Rocket CHARACTERISTICS


Launcher, M10, is a cluster of three
Weight, total 82 lb Traverse By changing direction of plane
plastic tubes used for firing rockets from Rail or tubes: Rate of fire.. 6 rounds released in 0.6 sec. when
aircraft. One cluster is mounted under Length 120 in. set for salvo
each wing of fighter aircraft. The cluster Number and arrangement 3-tube cluster Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple
may be jettisoned after the rockets are Composition Plastic Fire electric firing mechanism
Mounting Clusters mounted on special Fire control equipment .. . No special equipment.
launched. The fin-stabilized 4.5 inch
brackets installed on under- Clusters harmonized be-
rockets 1I8, M8A1, 1I8A2, M8A3, T22 side of aircraft wings fore takeoff by use of
and T41 may be launched from this Elevation . . .4° adjustment possible. Clusters har- boresight equipment
cluster. monized with aircraft machine guns and quadrant of plane

L OFFICE CHIEF OF ORDN A NCE lllllhtllllhlI5IlII1lItl5lIlt5ll1llhllI1llIIIlIlIl5Illllhlll1IIl 1 DECEMB ER 1 944


4.5 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER M12 STANDARD

4.5 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M12, IS AN EXPENDABLE PACKING CRATE TYPE FOR FIRING SINGLE ROUND

The 4.5 inch Rocket Launcher, M12,is an expendable packing


crate type of launcher that is loaded and shipped complete
with one M8 or M8A1 Rocket with a special igniter. In firing
position the launcher is slung under the tripod which accom-
panies the packed launcher crate.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 22 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 48 in.
Number and arrangement Single tube
Composition Plastic
Mounting Tripod
Elevation Fixed
Traverse By moving tripod
Rate of fire Discarded after firing one round
.
Firing mechanism. . . Battery packed with launcher furnishes electric current.
Ten-cap exploder may be used for salvo release of
several rockets at the same time
4.5 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, M12 Fire control equipment Folding peep sight and Front stud sight

, OFFICE CHIEF 8 OF ORDNANCE 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111i1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111101 1 DECEMBER 1 944


4.5 INCH 3-TUBE A.C. ROCKET LAUNCHER M114 STANDARD

4.5 INCH 3-TUBE A.C. ROCKET LAUNCHER, M14

The 4.5 inch 3-Tube A.C. Rocket CHARACTERISTICS


Launcher, M14, is a cluster of three steel
Weight, total 210 lb Traverse By changing direction of plane
tubes used for firing rockets from air-
Rails or tubes: Rate of fire 6 rounds released in 0.6 sec. when
craft. One cluster is mounted under each
Length 120 in. set for salvo
wing of fighter aircraft. The cluster may be
Number and arrangement 3-tube cluster Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple
jettisoned after the rockets are launched. Composition Steel fire electric firing mechanism
This launcher is the same as the 4.5 Mounting .Clusters mounted on special brackets Fire control equipment No special equipment.
inch M10 launcher except for steel in- installed on underside of aircraft Clusters harmonized be-
stead of plastic tubes. This launcher wing fore takeoff by use of
may be used for fin-stabilized or spin-stabi- Elevation 4- adjustment possible. Clusters har- boresight equipment
lized rockets (after slight modification). monized with aircraft machine guns and quadrant of plane

flrflI AV!!
IJLULflij IED
L OFFICE C EF 0F OR ID NANCE 1 DECEMBER 1944
4.5 INCH 3-TUBE AIRCRAFT ROCKET LAUNCHER M15 STANDARD

4.5 INCH 3-TUBE AIRCRAFT ROCKET LAUNCHER, M15, MOUNTED ON P-47 PURSUIT PLANE

The 4.5 inch 3-tube Aircraft Rocket


Launcher, M15,is a cluster of three mag-
nesium tubes used for firing rockets from
aircraft.One cluster is mounted under each
wing on an aircraft. The cluster may be
jettisoned after the rockets are launched.
This launcher is identical to the M10
Aircraft Launcher except that it is con-
structed with magnesium tubing instead
of plastic tubing.
CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 82 lb. (estimated)
Rails or tubes:
Length 120 in.
Number and arrangement... . Three-tube cluster
Composition Magnesium
Mounting. . Clusters mounted on special brackets
installed on the underside of air-
craft wings
Elevation. 4 adjustment possible. Clusters har-
monized with aircraft machine guns
Traverse By changing direction of plane
Rate of fire. . ..6 rounds released in 0.6 sec. when
set for salvo
Firing mechanism. . . . Selective single round or
ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
Fire control equipment. . No special fire control
equipment. Clusters har-
monized before takeoff
by use of boresight equip-
ment and quadrant of
4.5 INCH 3-TUBE AIRCRAFT ROCKET LAUNCHER, M15 lane

OFFICE CHIEF 8 OF ORDN


4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER 127

4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T27, MAY BE FIRED EITHER FROM THE GROUND OR A MOTOR VEHICLE

The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T27, is mounted on a


special carriage of welded tubular construction and may be fired
either from a motor vehicle or the ground.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 823 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement 8 tubes in single bank
Composition Steel
Mounting Bolted to floor of a 1 1/2- or 21/2-ton truck, or fired from the
ground. Spades stabilize mount when firing from ground
Elevation 50 to 450

Traverse By moving motor vehicle or


by moving assembly when
firing from ground

Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. interval


Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple
fire electric firing mechanism
Fire control equipment Machine gun or gunner's
quadrant and M6 telescope

0FFICE C I E F OF R 1944
4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T__27E1 IA14

LEFT FRONT VIEW OF 4.5 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, T27E1, MOUNTED ON LVT, T34

The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T27E1, may be


fired either from a motor vehicle or the ground. It differs
from the T27 in that it may be disassembled into two-
man loads.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 825 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement 8 tubes in single bank
Composition Steel
Mounting Bolted to floor of a 1 1/2- or 21/2-ton truck, or fired from
ground. Spades stabilize mount when firing From ground.
May be adapted to an LVT by use of mounting kit
Elevation —50 to +45°
Traverse By moving vehicle or by moving assembly on ground
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
Fire control equipment . . Machine gun or gunner's quadrant and M6
LEFT REAR VIEW OF 4.5 INCH ROCKET LAUNCHER, T27E1 telescope

, OFFICE CHIEF 8 OF ORDNANC 44


4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER 134

4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T34, MOUNTED ON MEDIUM TANK

The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T34, is used to produce


a barrage effect by firing a large number of rockets into an area.
It is mounted on tanks of the M4 series. After the rockets have
been fired the launcher may be jettisoned quickly by the crew
from inside the tank so that the tank may proceed on its mission.
Launchers of this type constructed with magnesium tubes will
be designated T34E1. The nickname "Calliope" has been given
to this launcher.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 1,840 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement 60 tubes. Two 18-tube and two 12-tube banks
Composition Plastic
Mounting By brackets on tanks of the M4 series
Elevation 5° to +25° (through tank-gun elevating mechanism)
Traverse 360° (with turret)
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple fire
electric firing mechanism
Fire control equipment Tank-gun equipment used THE T34 LAUNCHER IS KNOWN AS THE "CALLIOPE"

L 0FFICE CHIEF 6 OF OR 44
4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T34E1 LIM

11610106

4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T34E1, MOUNTED ON MEDIUM TANK

The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T34E1, is identical


to the T34 launcher except that magnesium instead of plastic
tubes are used. It is employed to produce a barrage effect by firing
a large number of rockets into an area. The launcher is mounted
on tanks of the M4 series. After the rockets have been fired the
launcher may be jettisoned quickly by the crew inside the tank.

CHARACTERISTICS

Weight, total 1,840 lb. (estimated)


Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement...60 tubes in two 18-tube and two 12-tube banks
Composition Magnesium
Mounting Mounted by use of brackets on tanks of M4 series
Elevation —5° to +25° (through tank-gun elevating mechanism)
Traverse 360 (with turret)
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism ..Selective single round or ripple fire electric firing mechanism
Fire control equipment Tank gun equipment used

L IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIMMIEHMIIIIIMM111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 OFFICE C H I EF' OF' ORDNANCE NM 1111 Mil


4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T44-L1

4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T44, INSTALLED IN AMPHIBIOUS TRUCK

The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher,


T44, is designed for use in landing opera-
tions. It is intended for installation in
amphibious vehicles like the DUKW or
LVT4. This launcher fires the 4.5 inch
short range Navy Barrage Rocket.
The original model of this launcher
was developed by C.I.T.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 2,400 lb. (estimated)
Rails or tubes:
Length 60 in.
Number and arrangement . .120 tubes. Twelve
10-tube racks fas-
tened together
Composition Steel
Mounting .. Installed in cargo space of vehicle.
Racks supported by cross rails
Elevation Fixed angle of 45°
Traverse By turning vehicle
Rate of fire . . . Ripple fire at 0.5 second intervals
Firing mechanism . Electric firing mechanism for
single round or ripple fire
Fire control equipment No equipment provided.
Sighting lines are painted
on the bow surf shield
CLOSE UP VIEW OF 120-TUBE T44 LAUNCHER and windshield

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4.5 INCH AUTOMATIC ROCKET LAUNCHER 145

4.5 INCH AUTOMATIC ROCKET LAUNCHER, T45, MOUNTED ON LVT

The 4.5 inch Automatic Rocket Launcher, T45, is designed


for installation on landing craft and motor vehicles, namely:
the LCV, LCVP, LCM3, LCS, LCI, LVTS, DUKW landing
and amphibious craft; WI-ton 4 x 4 trucks; s-ton 4 x 4, 1-ton
4 x 4, 13/s-ton 6 x 6,and 21A-ton 6 x 6 cargo trucks. The launchers
are usually installed in pairs. This gravity-feed automatic
launcher is a Navy Standard item developed for firing the 4.5
inch Navy Barrage Rocket.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 115 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 60 in. firing channel
Number and arrangement. . Steel framework magazine plus firing channel
serves as launcher; rockets drop into position
by gravity
Composition Steel
Mounting Launcher may be mounted on each side of motor vehicle,
or on deck of amphibious craft, etc.
Elevation 20° to 45°
Traverse By moving vehicle or craft
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.3 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Rounds fired by electric contacts as they drop into
position
Fire control equipment No equipment provided T45 LAUNCHERS RE USUALLY INSTALLED IN PAIRS

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11
INCH AUTOMATIC ROCKET .LAUNCHER T4740
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CHARACTERISTICS The 4.5 inch Automatic AC Rocket Launcher, T47, is de-
signed to be a fixed installation on aircraft with• a magazine
Weight, total 200 lb. with 5-round magazine (estimated) holding from 5 to 15 rounds. It fires 4.5 inch Army rockets.
Rails or tubes:
Length Variable. Will depend on aircraft
Number and arrangement Single firing tube with attached magazine
Composition Steel
Mounting Fixed installation in airplane
Elevation Fixed. Sighted by aircraft gun sights
Traverse By changing direction of plane
Rate of fire 120 rounds per minute (estimated cyclic rate)
Firing mechanism Automatic electric firing
Fire control equipment Aircraft sighting equipment

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4.5 INCH AUTOMATIC ROCKET LAUNCHER Jo-----unrECOP E
CHARACTERISTICS The 4.5 inch Automatic Rocket Launcher, T58, is similar
to the 4.5 inch T47 launcher except that individual carrier
Weight, total 200 lb. with 5-round magazine (estimated) tubes for the magazine are not used. It is fully
Rails or tubes: automatic with.
Length Variable. Depends on the aircraft a magazine holding 5 to 15 rounds. This launcher is to be in-
Number and arrangement......Single firing tube with attached magazine stalled in aircraft for firing 4.5 inch Army rockets.
Composition Steel
Mounting Fixed installation in airplane
Elevation Fixed
Traverse By changing the direction of plane
Rate of Are 100 to 120 rounds per minute (estimated cyclic rate)
Firing mechanism Automatic electric firing
Fire control equipment Aircraft sighting equipment

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4.5 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T62 DEVELOPMENT TYPE


CHARACTERISTICS The 4.5 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher,T62,is an expendable
packing crate type designed for firing 4.5 inch spin-stabilized
Weight, total 400 lb.(maximum) rockets, T38 series. It is to be used for ground to ground firing.
Rails or tubes:
Length 36 in. This launcher,will be waterproof and will float.
Number and arrangement 24 tubes. Arrangement to be determined
Composition Cyclo-welded aluminum
Mounting For ground firing only. Supports will probably be packed
in the box for field assembly
Elevation 1° to 45°
Traverse By moving the launcher assembly
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple fire electric firing
mechanism ,
Fire control equipment...Simple direct sighting mechanism to be developed

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OFFICE CHIEF oF ORDNANCE 1 DEcEmBER 1944


7.2-INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T28-DEV
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7.2-INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER 128, MOUNTED ON 21/2-TON TRUCK

The 7.2-Inch Multiple Rocket Launcher T28 is capable of


firing rockets with 2.25-inch, and 3.25-inch motors from a motor
vehicle or the ground. It is designed for disassembly into
two-man loads.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 1,809 lb.
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement 24 sets of guiding rails in three banks of
8 rail sets each
Composition Steel
Mounting Ground mount or 21/2-ton 6 x 6 truck
Elevation —5° to +45°
Traverse By moving vehicle or by moving launcher on ground
Rate of fire Ripple fire at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round or ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
T28 LAUNCHER AT 45° ELEVATION
Fire control equipme Gunner's quadrant and peep sight

OFFICE CHIEF 6 OF ORDN ANC


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7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER TaL IMED PROW
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7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T32, MOUNTED ON 2114-TON TRUCK

The 7.2 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T32, is designed to launch the 7.2 inch T24 rocket with a 7.2 inch RE.shell and
particularly for firing the 7.2 inch T21 chemical rocket with a a 3.25 inch motor.
7.2 inch shell and a 3.25 inch motor. While it is primarily a A 24 round ammunition rack for carrying additional rockets
weapon for laying down a chemical barrage it may also be used is included with the launcher.

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 2,608 lbs. complete with
ground support and ammu-
nition storage rack
Rails or tubes:
Length 120 in.
Number and arrangement..24 sets of guiding
rails in three banks
of 8 rail sets each
Composition Steel
Mounting Bolted to a 21/2-ton
6 x 6 truck, or mount-
ed on ground
Elevation . . . —6° to +53° on ground
17° to 45° on truck with storage rack
10° to 45° on truck w/o storage rack
Traverse By moving vehicle,
or moving launcher
on ground
Rate of Are Ripple Are at 0.5 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round
or ripple Are electric
firing mechanism
Fire control equipment.. ..Gunner's quadrant and
peen siaht T32 LAUNCHER IN FIRING POSITI 4u
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7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER T40 LiNdi

7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T40, ON MEDIUM TANK THE T40 LAUNCHER IS KNOWN AS THE "WHIZBANG"

The 7.2 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher,


T40, is designed for point-blank firing at
obstacles with demolition rockets. It may
also be employed to launch 7.2 inch chem-
ical rockets. The launcher will fire the
T21, T24, T50, T51, T52, T53, T28, T37,
and T57 rockets.
This launcher carries armor plate to
protect its load against small arms fire
because of plans to use it at close range.
Armor plate doors are operated by
hydraulic controls within the tank. The
launcher may be jettisoned after the
rockets are fired. This launcher has been
given the nickname "Whizbang."

CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 4,100 lb. (estimated)
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement 20 sets of guiding
rails in two banks
of 10-rail sets each
Composition Sheet steel
Mounting On medium tanks of the
M4 series by special
brackets and an eleva-
tion strut
Elevation 50 to 25°
Traverse 360° (with gun turret)
Rate of fire Ripple fire at intervals of 0.5 sec.
Firing mechanism Selective single round or
ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
LOADING THE T40 LAUNCHER Tonk gun equipment
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7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER 154

7.2 INCH MULTIPLE ROCKET LAUNCHER, T54, MOUNTED ON LVT4

The 7.2 inch Multiple Rocket Launcher, T54, is designed


especially to fire the 7.2 inch H.E. T37 rocket for demolition of
beach barricades during landing operations. If sufficient blast
protection is provided this launcher may be used to fire 7.2
inch rockets, with larger motors such as the T21, T24, T50,
T51, T52, T53, T28 and T57 rockets.
The launcher has armor plate protection against small arms
fire on the bottom, sides, and front end of the rails. It also has a
rack for transporting 40 additional rockets.
CHARACTERISTICS
Weight, total 6,000 lb. (estimated)
Rails or tubes:
Length 90 in.
Number and arrangement. . 20 sets of guiding rails, in two banks of 10
rail sets each
Composition Sheet steel
Mounting On channel-iron supports welded
to inside walls of cargo space in
LVT4 craft
Elevation —5° to 45°
Traverse , By changing course of craft
Rate of Are Variable ripple Are from 0.3 sec. to 2 sec. intervals
Firing mechanism Selective single round or
ripple fire electric firing
mechanism
Fire control equipment. . . . Switch controlling elevation of launcher and the
quadrant mounted in cab of craft. Periscope with
wide field of view used For sighting

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