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Goal: I want to explain to my fellow peers how knowing the law can help solve police brutality.

3 laws to discuss:
1. Fourth Amendment
2. Justification Laws
3. Police Accountability and Community Protection Act

Rewritten Goal for Intro: Today, I want to share 3 laws all individuals should know to stop from
being misinformed.

I. Intro
A. Absurd police brutality
i. 987 people killed by police (2017)
ii. 46 police officers killed (2017)
B. Media portrayal
i. Focused on officer misuse of force
ii. No force would be used if basic understanding of laws is given.
C. Goal
i. So today, I want to discuss with you the importance of knowing the law.
ii. ~~Add some kind of fear factor- make them ‘wake up’~~
II. First Body Paragraph (Law One)
A. First Amendment
i. Thousands riot because of your misunderstanding of the law.
ii. This behaviour is protected by First Amendment Rights.
iii. Most understand First, but not the Fourth.
B. Fourth Amendment
i. What is said by the Fourth Amendment?
a. Right to unlawful search and seizure.
b. Contains basics of police authority and protocols.
C. Exceptions to Fourth Amendment
i. Right to restrictions on search and seizure can be revoked
ii. Immediate threat is occuring, can and WILL be prevented.
iii. Search and entire person if anything is found in their property. (See and Smell)
iv. Example??
D. Transition
i. Often, brutality because of actions against the officer.
ii. More often, citizen doesn’t know limitations of Fourth Amendment.
III. Second Body Paragraph (Law Two)
A. Drafts & State vs. Federal
i. Fourth drafted in 1789
ii. First Justification law in 1992
iii. State based, Federal laws only affect Federal officers.

B. Laws passed & Reasons

i. 17 states passed laws from 1990-2010.
ii. 17 to 38 from 2010-2018.
C. Reasons Behind the Laws
i. Set justified and responsible rules for how police are to respond.
ii. Dark side effects, hard to balance.
D. Evidence/Studies on Laws
i. No studies done on impact of Justification Laws.
IV. Third Body Paragraph (Law Three)
A. What can produce actual results?
i. California’s “Police Accountability and Community Protection Act”
B. What will it do?
i. Limit what a police officer can use in terms of force.
ii. Stops nearly all uses of deadly force.
iii. Unlikely to work.
iv. Heavily opposed by police and LE agencies.
v. Depends on personal beliefs. (Don’t be persuasive)
V. Fourth Body Paragraph (Story)
A. Port Arthur, Australia
i. Martin Bryat (low IQ) kills 35, injures 23.
ii. Results in ban of all guns.
iii. Radical measure can turn out well.
VI. Closer
A. Wrap-Up/Disclaimer
i. Australian measures can’t be taken in America.
ii. California can lead to others making these changes.
B. Final Words
i. All should be taught and well informed.
ii. Correct action IS being taken.

“Fatal Force: 2018 Police Shootings Database.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 31 Dec. 2017,

Ford, Matt. “A New Law to Reduce Deadly Police Shootings.” The New Republic, 5 Apr. 2018,

“Port Arthur Massacre (Australia).” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 7 Sept. 2018,

Smith, Mike. “Laws Passed Against Police Brutality.” Legal Beagle, 4 Apr. 2017,

Worby, Rebecca. “California Could Become the First State to Dramatically Restrict Police Use of Deadly

Force.” Pacific Standard, Pacific Standard, 22 June 2018,