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# FLAT SLAB DESIGN

lx = 6000 mm = 6 m
ly = 6000 mm = 6 m

## Dead Load = 55.00 kN/m2

Slab selfweight = 8.4 kN/m2
Drop panel weight = 3.30 kN/m2
Total Dead Load = 66.70 kN/m2

## Live Load = 4.00 kN/m2

Total Live Load = 4.00 kN/m2

## Column size = 500 mm x 1100 mm

a) Slab thickness = ly
0.5 x (20 + 26) mft whre mft = 1.6

= 163.0435 mm

## Therefore Ds = 125 + 50 mm cover + 12mm diameter of bar/2

= 181 mm

Consider Ds = 350 mm

b) Drop Thickness

## Consider of drop thickness of 1.25 x slab thicness, = 437.5

say 550 mm drop panel

c) Column head : As the column is rectamgular, a column head of rectangular shape is provided
Dimension should not more than 0.25 x shorter span = 0.25 x 6 m = 1.5 m

## d) Design for moment, longer direction

M= wl2
8
where l = clear longer span between face to face of column head, and must not smaller than 0.65
x longer span

## where ly = 6 - 1.5 = 4.5 m

lx = 6 - 1.5 = 4.5 m

8

= 1,515.41 kNm

## And Mx = Mu0s = (1.4 x 65.49 + 1.6 x 4) x 6 x 4.52

8

= 1,515.41 kNm

a) Moments in the longer direction: Distribution of moment in the exterior and interior panels,

i) Exterior panel

1 + 1/αc

## where αc = ∑ flexural stiffeness of columns meeting at the point

flexural stiffeness of a slab

= ∑Kc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/lcol
Ks (6000 x 3503/12)/6000

## Length of column, lcol = 5500 mm

Therefore αc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/5500
(6000 x 3503/12)/6000

= 20166666.67
3572916.667

= 5.644

1 + 1/αc

= 836.766 kNm

## = 1.0 x Mune / width of column strip

= 1.0 x 836.766 / 2
= 278.92 kNm/m

1 + 1/αc

1+ 1/5.108

= 1007.823 kNm

## = 0.75 x Muni / Column strip width

= 0.75 x 1007.823 / 2

= 251.956 kNm

= 55.990 kNm

1 + 1/αc

1+ 1/5.108

= 594.254 kNm

## Positive moment in the interior column strip

= 0.6 x Mup / Column strip width

= 0.6 x 594.254 / 2

= 118.851 kNm

## = 0.4 x 594.254 / 3.6

= 52.823 kNm

ii) Interior panel : The distribution of moments in the column and middle strips are made as follows

## Total negative moment,

Mun = 0.65 Mu0l
= 0.65 x 1,515.41
= 985.016 kNm

= 246.254 kNm/m

= 54.723 kNm/m

## Total positive moment,

Mup = 0.35 Mu0l
= 0.35 x 1,515.41
= 530.393 kNm

= 106.079 kNm/m

## = 0.4 x Mun / middle strip width

= 47.146 kNm/m
b) Moments in the shorter direction: Distribution of moment in the exterior and interior panels,

i) Exterior panel

1 + 1/αc

## where αc = ∑ flexural stiffeness of columns meeting at the point

flexural stiffeness of a slab

= ∑Kc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/lcol
Ks (6000 x 3503/12)/6000

## Length of column, lcol = 5500 mm

Therefore αc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/5500
(6000 x 3503/12)/6000

= 20166667
3572917

= 5.644

1 + 1/αc

= 836.766 kNm

## = 1.0 x Mune / width of column strip

= 1.0 x 836.766 / 2

= 278.92 kNm/m

1 + 1/αc

## = 0.75 - 0.1 x 1,515.41

1+ 1/5.108
= (0.75 - 0.08495 ) x 1,515.41

= 1007.823 kNm

## = 0.75 x Muni / Column strip width

= 0.75 x 1007.823 / 2

= 251.956 kNm

= 55.990 kNm

1 + 1/αc

1+ 1/5.108

= 594.254 kNm

## = 0.6 x Mup / Column strip width

= 0.6 x 594.254 / 2

= 118.851 kNm

## Positive moment in the interior middle strip

= 0.4 x Mup / Middle strip width

## = 0.4 x 594.254 / 3.6

= 52.823 kNm

ii) Interior panel : The distribution of moments in the column and middle strips are made as follows

## Total negative moment,

Mun = 0.65 Mu0s
= 0.65 x 1,515.41
= 985.016 kNm

= 246.254 kNm/m

= 54.723 kNm/m

## Total positive moment,

Mup = 0.35 Mu0s
= 0.35 x 1,515.41
= 530.393 kNm

= 106.079 kNm/m

## = 0.4 x Mun / middle strip width

= 47.146 kNm/m
3. Check for serviceability requirements of deflection: The value of ds shall not be less than the
value given by
dmin = ly
0.5 x (20 +26) x mft

= 0.154795

Ast Provided

206.83 N/mm2

## Therefore mft = 2.00 (figure 5.2)

dmin = 6000/0.5x(20+26) x 2
`
= 130.4348 <d ( 292 ) mm OK

6000
dc
cc

d c

dd cd

A
6000

(C2)
500

ad bd

a b

ac bc
1100
(C1)

3000

## Shear stress are critical at sections A (circular) and abcd

Nominak shear stress ζv =Vu/b0d

## At circular column section, dd = average value of effective depth of drop

=( 502 + 486 )/ 2

= 494 mm

C1 = 1100 mm

C2 = 500 mm

## C2 + dd = 500 + 494 = 994 mm =

b0 = 2 x (C1 + dd + C2 + dd)

= 5176 mm

Vu = ultimate load on tributary area of column CB2 - load on he area within the critical section A

## = 1.5 x ((Density of concrete x Ds x 1 x 1 + Dead load + Live Load) x area acbcccdc-A)

+ Density of reinforced concrete x (Dd-Ds) x 1 x 1 x area adbdcddd -A)

## = 1.5 x ((24 x 0.35 + 55.00 + 4.00 )x 6

x 6 - 1.339 ) + 24 x ( 0.55 - 0.35
x ( 3 x 3 - 1.339 )

= 3,559.40 kN

5176 x 494

## where ks = 0.5 + shorter side of column/capital ≤ 1.0

longer side of column/capital

## Therefore ζuc = 1 x 0.25 x √ 35

= 1.47902 N/mm2
At section a b c d,

## ds = average value of effective depth of slab

= ( 302 + 304 )/2

= 303 mm

## b0 = 4x ( 3000 + 303 ) = 13212 mm

Vu = ultimate load on tributary area of column CB2 - load on he area within the critical section a b c d

## = 1.5 x (24 x 0.35 + 55.00 + 4.00 )x 6.00

x 6.00 - 3.00 x 3.00 )

= 2,729.70 kN

13212 x 303

3000
1.347 m

0.994 m

)
Reinforcemnet

Bar size 12 mm
16 mm
Cover 40 mm

## Effective depth in the longer direction = 350 - 40 -12/2 = 304 mm

Effective depth in the shorter direction = 350 - 40 -12-12//2 = 292 mm

## Effective depth in the longer direction = 450 - 40 -12/2 = 502 mm

Effective depth in the shorter direction = 450 - 40 -12-12//2 = 486 mm

## Effective depth in the direction of column strip = 350 - 40 -16/2 = 302 mm

Effective depth in the direction of middle strip = 350 - 40 -12-12//2 = 304 mm

## Longer direction - column strip

(SECTION A-A) AT SUPPORT

1000 x 502 2

100As/bd = 1.000

100

= 1455.8 mm2/m

1000 x 502 2

100As/bd = 1.107

## As = 0.32 x 1000 x 502

100

= 1606.4 mm2/m
Use T16 @ 150mm c/c (As = 1340 mm2/m)

T16 @ 150mm

1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 1.286

100

= 729.6 mm2/m

T12@125

1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 0.606

100

= 364.8 mm2/m

T12 @ 250

1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 0.572

## As = 0.12 x 1000 x 304

100

= 364.8 mm2/m
Use T12 @ 250mm c/c (As =452 mm2/m)

T12 @ 250

## Shorter direction - column strip

SECTION C-C (AT SUPPORT)

1000 x 486 2

100As/bd = 1.181

100

= 1701 mm2/m

T16@125

## Shorter direction - column strip

SECTION C-C (AT MID SPAN)

1000 x 292 2

100As/bd = 1.394

100

= 788.4 mm2/m

T12@125

## Shorter direction - MIDDLE STRIP

SECTION D-D (AT SUPPORT & MID SPAN)

## M/bd2 = 55.99 x 106

1000 x 292 2

100As/bd = 0.657
As = 0.12 x 1000 x 292
100

= 350.4 mm2/m

## Use T12@250mm c/c (As = 452 mm2/m)

T12@250
2000 2000 2000 2000

T16 @ 150mm

T16@125
550

T12@250
T12@125

3000
3000
6000

T12 @ 250

T12@125
550

T12@125
T12 @ 250

3000
6000