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FLAT SLAB DESIGN

lx = 6000 mm = 6 m
ly = 6000 mm = 6 m

Dead Load = 55.00 kN/m2


Slab selfweight = 8.4 kN/m2
Drop panel weight = 3.30 kN/m2
Total Dead Load = 66.70 kN/m2

Live Load = 4.00 kN/m2


Total Live Load = 4.00 kN/m2

Column size = 500 mm x 1100 mm

a) Slab thickness = ly
0.5 x (20 + 26) mft whre mft = 1.6

= 163.0435 mm

Therefore Ds = 125 + 50 mm cover + 12mm diameter of bar/2

= 181 mm

Consider Ds = 350 mm

b) Drop Thickness

Length of drop = longer span/3 = 2.000 m

Width of drop = shorter span/3 = 2.000 m

Therefore provide 3.0 mx 3.0 m drop panel size

Consider of drop thickness of 1.25 x slab thicness, = 437.5


say 550 mm drop panel

c) Column head : As the column is rectamgular, a column head of rectangular shape is provided
Dimension should not more than 0.25 x shorter span = 0.25 x 6 m = 1.5 m

Therefore column head of 1.5 mx 1.0 m is provided

d) Design for moment, longer direction

M= wl2
8
where l = clear longer span between face to face of column head, and must not smaller than 0.65
x longer span

where ly = 6 - 1.5 = 4.5 m


lx = 6 - 1.5 = 4.5 m

Therefore My = Mu0l = (1.4 x 65.49 + 1.6 x 4) x 6 x 4.52


8

= 1,515.41 kNm

And Mx = Mu0s = (1.4 x 65.49 + 1.6 x 4) x 6 x 4.52


8

= 1,515.41 kNm

a) Moments in the longer direction: Distribution of moment in the exterior and interior panels,

i) Exterior panel

Total exterior moment Mune = 0.65 My


1 + 1/αc

where αc = ∑ flexural stiffeness of columns meeting at the point


flexural stiffeness of a slab

= ∑Kc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/lcol
Ks (6000 x 3503/12)/6000

Length of column, lcol = 5500 mm

Therefore αc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/5500
(6000 x 3503/12)/6000

= 20166666.67
3572916.667

= 5.644

Hence Mune = 0.65 My


1 + 1/αc

= 836.766 kNm

The entire moment is distributed in the column strip only

Therefore Negative moment in th exterior column strip

= 1.0 x Mune / width of column strip

= 1.0 x 836.766 / 2
= 278.92 kNm/m

The interior negative moment Muni = 0.75 - 0.1 Mu0l


1 + 1/αc

= 0.75 - 0.1 x 1,515.41


1+ 1/5.108

= (0.75 - 0.08495 ) x 1,515.41

= 1007.823 kNm

Negative moment in the interior column strip

= 0.75 x Muni / Column strip width

= 0.75 x 1007.823 / 2

= 251.956 kNm

Negative moment in the interior middle strip

= 0.25 x Muni / Middle strip width

= 0.25 x 1007.823 / 3.5

= 55.990 kNm

Total Positive moment

Mup = 0.63 - 0.28 Mu0l


1 + 1/αc

= 0.63 - 0.28 x 1,515.41


1+ 1/5.108

= (0.63 - 0.237859 ) x 1,515.41

= 594.254 kNm

Positive moment in the interior column strip


= 0.6 x Mup / Column strip width

= 0.6 x 594.254 / 2

= 118.851 kNm

Positive moment in the interior middle strip

= 0.4 x Mup / Middle strip width

= 0.4 x 594.254 / 3.6

= 52.823 kNm

ii) Interior panel : The distribution of moments in the column and middle strips are made as follows

Total negative moment,


Mun = 0.65 Mu0l
= 0.65 x 1,515.41
= 985.016 kNm

Negative moment in the column strip

= 0.75 x Mun / column strip width


= 246.254 kNm/m

Negative moment in the middle strip

= 0.25 x Mun / middle strip width


= 54.723 kNm/m

Total positive moment,


Mup = 0.35 Mu0l
= 0.35 x 1,515.41
= 530.393 kNm

Positive moment in the column strip

= 0.6 x Mun / column strip width


= 106.079 kNm/m

Negative moment in the middle strip

= 0.4 x Mun / middle strip width


= 47.146 kNm/m
b) Moments in the shorter direction: Distribution of moment in the exterior and interior panels,

i) Exterior panel

Total exterior moment Mune = 0.65 Mx


1 + 1/αc

where αc = ∑ flexural stiffeness of columns meeting at the point


flexural stiffeness of a slab

= ∑Kc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/lcol
Ks (6000 x 3503/12)/6000

Length of column, lcol = 5500 mm

Therefore αc = 2 x (b x d3/12)/5500
(6000 x 3503/12)/6000

= 20166667
3572917

= 5.644

Hence Mune = 0.65 Mx


1 + 1/αc

= 836.766 kNm

The entire moment is distributed in the column strip only

Therefore Negative moment in th exterior column strip

= 1.0 x Mune / width of column strip

= 1.0 x 836.766 / 2

= 278.92 kNm/m

The interior negative moment Muni = 0.75 - 0.1 Mu0s


1 + 1/αc

= 0.75 - 0.1 x 1,515.41


1+ 1/5.108
= (0.75 - 0.08495 ) x 1,515.41

= 1007.823 kNm

Negative moment in the interior column strip

= 0.75 x Muni / Column strip width

= 0.75 x 1007.823 / 2

= 251.956 kNm

Negative moment in the interior middle strip

= 0.25 x Muni / Middle strip width

= 0.25 x 1007.823 / 3.6

= 55.990 kNm

Total Positive moment

Mup = 0.63 - 0.28 Mu0s


1 + 1/αc

= 0.63 - 0.28 x 1,515.41


1+ 1/5.108

= (0.63 - 0.237859 ) x 1,515.41

= 594.254 kNm

Positive moment in the interior column strip

= 0.6 x Mup / Column strip width

= 0.6 x 594.254 / 2

= 118.851 kNm

Positive moment in the interior middle strip


= 0.4 x Mup / Middle strip width

= 0.4 x 594.254 / 3.6

= 52.823 kNm

ii) Interior panel : The distribution of moments in the column and middle strips are made as follows

Total negative moment,


Mun = 0.65 Mu0s
= 0.65 x 1,515.41
= 985.016 kNm

Negative moment in the column strip

= 0.75 x Mun / column strip width


= 246.254 kNm/m

Negative moment in the middle strip

= 0.25 x Mun / middle strip width


= 54.723 kNm/m

Total positive moment,


Mup = 0.35 Mu0s
= 0.35 x 1,515.41
= 530.393 kNm

Positive moment in the column strip

= 0.6 x Mun / column strip width


= 106.079 kNm/m

Negative moment in the middle strip

= 0.4 x Mun / middle strip width


= 47.146 kNm/m
3. Check for serviceability requirements of deflection: The value of ds shall not be less than the
value given by
dmin = ly
0.5 x (20 +26) x mft

100 Ast/bd = 100 x 452 /1000 x 292

= 0.154795

fs = 0.58fy x A Ast Required


Ast Provided

206.83 N/mm2

Therefore mft = 2.00 (figure 5.2)

dmin = 6000/0.5x(20+26) x 2
`
= 130.4348 <d ( 292 ) mm OK

Therefore the above condition is satisfied

4. Design for shear at interior of column

6000
dc
cc

d c

dd cd

A
6000

(C2)
500

ad bd

a b

ac bc
1100
(C1)

3000

Shear stress are critical at sections A (circular) and abcd


Nominak shear stress ζv =Vu/b0d

At circular column section, dd = average value of effective depth of drop


=( 502 + 486 )/ 2

= 494 mm

C1 = 1100 mm

C2 = 500 mm

C1 + dd = 1100 + 494 = 1347 mm =

C2 + dd = 500 + 494 = 994 mm =

b0 = 2 x (C1 + dd + C2 + dd)

= 5176 mm

Vu = ultimate load on tributary area of column CB2 - load on he area within the critical section A

= 1.5 x ((Density of concrete x Ds x 1 x 1 + Dead load + Live Load) x area acbcccdc-A)


+ Density of reinforced concrete x (Dd-Ds) x 1 x 1 x area adbdcddd -A)

= 1.5 x ((24 x 0.35 + 55.00 + 4.00 )x 6


x 6 - 1.339 ) + 24 x ( 0.55 - 0.35
x ( 3 x 3 - 1.339 )

= 3,559.40 kN

Therefore ζv = 3,559.40 x 1000


5176 x 494

= 1.392051 N/mm2 ≤ 1.47902 OK

ζuc = ks x 0.25 √ fck

where ks = 0.5 + shorter side of column/capital ≤ 1.0


longer side of column/capital

fck = Compressive strength of concrete

Therefore ζuc = 1 x 0.25 x √ 35

= 1.47902 N/mm2
At section a b c d,

ds = average value of effective depth of slab


= ( 302 + 304 )/2

= 303 mm

b0 = 4x ( 3000 + 303 ) = 13212 mm

Vu = ultimate load on tributary area of column CB2 - load on he area within the critical section a b c d

= 1.5 x ((Density of concrete x Ds x 1 x 1 + Dead load + Live Load) x area acbcccdc-A)

= 1.5 x (24 x 0.35 + 55.00 + 4.00 )x 6.00


x 6.00 - 3.00 x 3.00 )

= 2,729.70 kN

Therefore ζv = 2,729.70 x 1000


13212 x 303

= 0.681873 N/mm2 ≤ 1.47902 OK


3000
1.347 m

0.994 m

)
Reinforcemnet

Bar size 12 mm
16 mm
Cover 40 mm

a) At the intersection of middle strips

Effective depth in the longer direction = 350 - 40 -12/2 = 304 mm


Effective depth in the shorter direction = 350 - 40 -12-12//2 = 292 mm

b) At the intersection of column strips

Effective depth in the longer direction = 450 - 40 -12/2 = 502 mm


Effective depth in the shorter direction = 450 - 40 -12-12//2 = 486 mm

c) At the intersection of column and middle strips

Effective depth in the direction of column strip = 350 - 40 -16/2 = 302 mm


Effective depth in the direction of middle strip = 350 - 40 -12-12//2 = 304 mm

Longer direction - column strip


(SECTION A-A) AT SUPPORT

M/bd2 = 251.96 x 106


1000 x 502 2

100As/bd = 1.000

As = 0.29 x 1000 x 502


100

= 1455.8 mm2/m

Use T16 @ 150 mm c/c (As = 1340 mm2/m)

M/bd2 = 278.92 x 106


1000 x 502 2

100As/bd = 1.107

As = 0.32 x 1000 x 502


100

= 1606.4 mm2/m
Use T16 @ 150mm c/c (As = 1340 mm2/m)

T16 @ 150mm

(SECTION A-A) AT MID SPAN

M/bd2 = 118.85 x 106


1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 1.286

As = 0.24 x 1000 x 304


100

= 729.6 mm2/m

Use T12@125mm c/c (As = 906 mm2/m)

T12@125

SECTION B -B (AT SUPPORT)

M/bd2 = 55.99 x 106


1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 0.606

As = 0.12 x 1000 x 304


100

= 364.8 mm2/m

Use T12 @ 250mm c/c (As =452 mm2/m)

T12 @ 250

SECTION B -B (AT MID SPAN)

M/bd2 = 52.82 x 106


1000 x 304 2

100As/bd = 0.572

As = 0.12 x 1000 x 304


100

= 364.8 mm2/m
Use T12 @ 250mm c/c (As =452 mm2/m)

T12 @ 250

Shorter direction - column strip


SECTION C-C (AT SUPPORT)

M/bd2 = 278.92 x 106


1000 x 486 2

100As/bd = 1.181

As = 0.35 x 1000 x 486


100

= 1701 mm2/m

Use T16@125mm c/c (As = 1611 mm2/m)

T16@125

Shorter direction - column strip


SECTION C-C (AT MID SPAN)

M/bd2 = 118.85 x 106


1000 x 292 2

100As/bd = 1.394

As = 0.27 x 1000 x 292


100

= 788.4 mm2/m

Use T12@125mm c/c (As =906 mm2/m)

T12@125

Shorter direction - MIDDLE STRIP


SECTION D-D (AT SUPPORT & MID SPAN)

M/bd2 = 55.99 x 106


1000 x 292 2

100As/bd = 0.657
As = 0.12 x 1000 x 292
100

= 350.4 mm2/m

Use T12@250mm c/c (As = 452 mm2/m)

T12@250
2000 2000 2000 2000

T16 @ 150mm

T16@125
550

T12@250
T12@125

3000
3000
6000

2000 2000 2000 2000

T12 @ 250

T12@125
550

T12@125
T12 @ 250

3000
6000