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Science Unit Test Name __________________________


Grade: 8
Unit 1: Matter
Directions: For each question, select the best answer or answer in complete sentences to your best
ability. All questions are weighted equally so no question is more important than any other
question. Take your time and try your best.

Assessment Expectations

During the assessment: Once you have finished the assessment:

1. All voices are off.

1. All voices are off.
2. Assign yourself silently.
2. Eyes remain on your paper only.
● Read your DEAR book, work on
3. Raise your hand if you have a question.
homework, draw, etc.
4. Give your best effort.
3. Raise your hand if you have a question.
5. Respect the environment.
4. Respect the environment.

Failure to uphold these expectations will automatically invalidate your assessment and you will receive a
zero for your assessment grade with no opportunity to retake the assessment.

Check the box indicating you have read and understand the expectations and consequences:

◻ I have read the directions and expectations for the assessment and understand the consequences for
not meeting the expectations.

Student Signature: ______________________________________________________________


8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 1

Part 1 – Multiple Choice
1. Particle 1 is a proton, particle 2 is a neutron, and particle 3 is an electron.

According to the above information and pictures, which of the following diagrams correctly shows
the locations of the subatomic particles (the shape of an atom is approximated as a circle)?



2. Diagrams in the molecular arrangements are shown below.

The molecular arrangement of a solid is best represented in

a. Diagram 3
b. Diagram 1
c. Diagrams 1 and 2
d. Diagrams 2 and 3

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 2

3. How many protons are in a neutral atom of Cobalt? (Co)

a. 4
b. 9
c. 27
d. 59

4. What would the MASS of Cobalt be if it had 13 neutrons?

a. 27
b. 40
c. 59
d. 72

5. In the periodic table shown below, some elements are shaded.

Based on its position in the periodic table, which element has the smallest radius?
a. Helium (He)
b. Neon (Ne)
c. Argon (Ar)
d. Krypton (Kr)

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 3

6. Which of the following represents only elements?
a. Mg, 2Si, 4C
b. NaCl, MgS, 3BN
c. Ca, CaS, K2S
d. RbS2, K3N, V

7. Which of the following molecular pictures represents a mixture?



8. Which element possesses 4 protons?

a. Helium
b. Beryllium
c. Carbon
d. Titanium

9. A student is classifying the two substances shown below based on their chemical formulas.
Which correctly classifies these substances?
a. Both H2O and O2 are elements.
b. Both H2O and O2 are compounds.
c. H2O is compound and O2 is an element.
d. H2O is an element and O2 is a compound.

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 4

10. An electron is added to a neutral atom of Cobalt. Which of the
following symbols correctly shows the charge of the ion?
a. Co+2
b. Co+1
c. Co-1
d. Co-2

11. The elements in the boxed in area represent which type of element?

a. Metals
b. Transition Metals
c. Metalloids
d. Nonmetals

12. Based on their locations on the periodic table, which two elements are in the same GROUP.
a. K and Kr
b. Be and Ba
c. S and Sn
d. H and Rn

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 5

13. A student created this bar graph to show how the physical state of matter is related to another

Which of these is the most appropriate label for the graph’s vertical axis?
a. Temperature
b. Pressure
c. Electrical charge
d. Atom size

14. Each particle in a sample of matter vibrates but does not move from its location. In what state of
matter is the sample?
a. Solid
b. Liquid
c. Gas
d. Plasma

15. An unknown element is shiny, malleable, and a good conductor. Which of the following elements
could the unknown be?
a. Rhodium (Rh)
b. Silicon (Si)
c. Bromine (Br)
d. Hydrogen (H)

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 6

16. Which of the following correctly pairs the subatomic particle with its relative charge?
a. Electron - Neutral
b. Proton - Negative
c. Neutron - Negative
d. Neutron - Neutral

17. A student stirs together salt crystals and sugar crystals. The crystals are the same size and color.
Together the salt and sugar make a
a. Solution
b. Compound
c. Mixture
d. Molecule

18. Which of these represents a compound?

a. Ti
b. NH3
c. Bi
d. U

19. Which diagram best shows the type of particle arrangement associated with a gas?

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 7

20. What state of matter does point W represent?

a. Solid
b. Liquid
c. Gas
d. Plasma

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 8

Part 2 – Constructed Response

1. Draw the Bohr model for Carbon. Then describe the location and charge of the subatomic particles.

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 9

2. Fill in the Venn diagram below to compare and contrast elemental and compound molecules. Be sure
to include at least two differences and two similarities.

Element Compound

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 10

3. In the table below, classify the following substances as either compounds or mixtures, then explain
how you classified these substances.

Salt Cement Air Water

Kool-Aid Pizza Sugar Ocean

Compounds: Mixtures:


8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 11

4. Scandium is element 21 on the periodic table. List 3 properties of Scandium based on its location on
the periodic table.

Scandium often bonds with other elements to create ionic compounds. What is ONE element
Scandium can combine with to form an ionic compound? How do you know?

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 12

5. Complete the diagram below. Be sure to label the state of matter each box shows. For each arrow,
tell whether the temperature and pressure are decreasing or increasing as you move from the first
state of matter to the next state of matter as indicated by the direction of the arrow.

8th Grade Science - Unit 1 Exam 13