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Lightning Protection International Pty Ltd
Lightning Protection
International Pty Ltd

New release Latest technology

 

Guardian TM Lightning Protection System 5

Who is LPI?

LPI Endorsement

Lightning Protection International Pty Ltd (LPI) is a fully owned Australian manufacturer and supplier of direct strike lightning, surge and transient protection equipment and grounding products to a wide range of industries throughout the world.

 

Lightning Protection International Pty Ltd forms "Partnerships" with our customers to provide complete

LPI personnel and their associates have combined experience of over 70 years in servicing customers throughout the world on many types of projects in some of its most lightning prone areas. Our personnel have vast experience in providing direct strike area protection, surge and transient protection and grounding solutions. Our extensive experience has involved risk management, system design, training, certification and installation and commissioning in

www.lpi.com.au
www.lpi.com.au

lightning, surge and grounding solutions. Our core competence is the ability to consistently deliver superior performance, quality and value to customers in a broad range of market segments. LPI's Endorsement confirms our

assurance of a long-term partnership with our customers and endorses the product quality and performance. All products offered by LPI come with the quality endorsement and compliance with International

key industry groups such as:

standards and bodies wherever possible.

Telecommunications and Broadcasting

LPI's Guardian TM System 5

Petrochemical, oil and gas

LPI offers a family of air terminals and accessories. Our

Highrise buildings and hotels - all types of structures

product design is based on the most recent advances in the field whilst maintaining proven principles associated with the successes of the past.

Sporting centres and grounds - Golf courses, race tracks, stadiums

LPI's Guardian TM System 5 provides a purpose-designed package for direct lightning protection.

Aviation - Civil and Military

 
   

Mining - coal, gold, nickel, iron, copper, bauxite etc.

  • 1. A Family of LPI CAT (Controlled Advanced Triggering) series air terminals.

Industrial facilities of all kinds

  • 2. A Fibreglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) mast which

Defence - communications, surveillance and storage of armaments

provides an insulated mast for mounting of LPI CAT series air terminals.

Power generation and distribution

  • 3. A purpose designed LPI High Voltage Shielded

  • 4. LPI Lightning Strike Recorder (LSR) which

Rail / transport systems

Cable (HVSC) specifically designed for the

Monuments / Ecological sites

conveying of lightning energy to ground. Alternatively, depending on the local codes and

applications, other materials such as, Copper flat tape or stranded cable may be used.

confirms system efficiency and effectiveness.

5. A grounding system consisting of Earth rods, clamps, Copper tapes and LPI Ground Resistance Improvement
  • 5. A grounding system consisting of Earth rods, clamps, Copper tapes and LPI Ground Resistance Improvement Powder (GRIP).

 

The LPI Guardian TM System 5 provides a safe and efficient system for the protection of your facility from direct lightning strikes. The LPI CAT terminal attracts the lightning energy to a preferred point and the energy is transferred to ground via the High Voltage Shielded Cable with minimal risk of electrifying the structure. Once the energy enters the dedicated lightning earth, it is safely dissipated without risk to personnel and

Did you know? - Lightning strikes the earth approximately 6000 times a minute.

equipment.

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Terminals LPI Guardian™ CAT series terminals consist of • A finial with a blunt tip. •
Terminals
LPI Guardian™ CAT series terminals consist of
A finial with a blunt tip.
• An electrically "floating" medium consisting
of 4 electrically isolated panels.
LPI offers a family of three terminals
• CAT I - G
• CAT II - G
• CAT III - G
• A triggering procedure which allows the
initiation of an intercepting streamer of
energy earlier than any other competing
feature within the area requiring protection.
These terminals are designed for
varying applications. Contact an
authorised LPI distributor or visit LPI
at www.lpi.com.au for further detail.
Typical formation of lightning
• A high voltage connection at the base of
the finial.
FIGURE 1
What is lightning?
Negatively charged
stepped leader moves
towards ground
Lightning initiates from an electrical storm
which usually generates within a cumulonimbus
cloud.
When electrical energy has built up within such
a cloud a "leader" of energy leaves it and will
try to attach itself to a point on the ground
which contains the most particles of energy of
reverse polarity.
Launch of up streamer
from highest ground
point as field
intensification rises
+ + +
+
+ +
Some 90% of such "leaders" contain negative
charges.
It has long been the endeavour of lightning
protection specialists such as LPI to create a
preferred point of attachment as offered by the
LPI Guardian TM terminal and in more recent
times, to do so effectively so that large areas
of protection can therefore be provided from
a single lightning terminal.
FIGURE 2
Stepped leader
progresses towards
ground
WORLD THUNDERSTORM DAYS
Up streamer is
attracted towards
stepped leader
+ + + +
+
+ +
FIGURE 3
Leader and streamer
meet to form ionised
path for lightning
discharge
Did you know? - many countries
situated around the equator are
subjected to between 100 and 260
thunderstorm days per year.
+
+ +
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How does the LPI

Principles of the LPI Guardian™

The LPI Guardian™ CAT series are effective Controlled Advanced Triggering devices which intercept lightning discharges and attaches them to a preferred point. They

Guardian Terminal work?

A Guardian CAT terminal consists of a grounded blunt lightning rod surrounded by an electrically floating medium.

charge cloud" above the air terminal which tends to mask the electrical field and inhibit the operation of the air terminal. (See Step 1) The medium is comprised of four separate electrically isolated panels arranged to allow the section facing the

stepleader to rise in voltage due to a

have been designed to emit a

Rounded

or blunt tips have

capacitive coupling effect. Because the medium is essentially isolated from

"streamer" of energy at precisely the

now been proven to be more

ground potential (see Step 2), the

right time so that an approaching "leader" is intercepted and brought under control.

efficient than sharp points by producing minimal corona effect. This has been clearly

electric field increases as the discharge approaches closer to the panel facing the stepleader. It then experiences

proven in

tests conducted at

repeated pulsing until this section

The concept of "controlled" is

South Baldy Peak in the

(panel) rises in voltage to the point

important because there is no point launching a "streamer" too early -

Magdalena Mountains of central New Mexico, USA.

when a triggering arc is generated at

the median or ambient field will not be large enough to sustain

(Source: "The Measurement of

precisely the right time which in turn initiates the streamer which connects

Lightning

Rod Responses to

with the approaching down leader.

propagation and the "streamer" will die. This will leave a space charge behind which may inhibit future "streamer" development. An electric field of ~ 3 MV/m is essential at the tip of the air terminal to initiate a corona streamer but an electric

Nearby Strikes" by C.B. Moore, G.D. Aulich, and W. Rison / May 2001).

During the static thunderstorm phase when the electric fields are steady at around 5-15

(See Step 3)

This triggering arc creates two key effects, namely:

(i) It produces a large number of ions which are needed to initiate an upward

field of ~ 500 kV/m is needed in

kV/m and

even in the very

leader, and

the region between the air terminal and the downleader to convert the streamer into a leader and to sustain propagation of this upward

early stages of leader approach, the medium presents as a relatively low field intensification surface

(ii) It causes a large snap change in the electric field immediately above the air terminal which provides the necessary

The result of such advanced

leader. The "snap" change in the electric field caused by the triggering of the LPI Guardian™ at the correct time is the key - both electric field criteria are met and

is critical

due to the blunt configuration of the finial tip. This restricts the production of "corona" or "point discharge" ions and

"kick" for the inception of an early, stable, propagating upward leader.

triggering results in the approaching leader being intercepted earlier, which

thus the Guardian TM launches its

excessive

because production of ions

ensures a larger protective area around

streamer earlier with greater

(corona) results in a "space

the Guardian TM terminal of your choice.

 

reliability.

   
   
 

Mounting Masts

LPI supplies a range of masts for

Cantilevered mast
Cantilevered
mast

When installing a LPI Guardian TM System

The use of an insulated mounting

When a conventional type of down

Guyed mast

Freestanding

mast

 

Downconductors

different applications.

When the Guardian terminal has captured a lightning

LPI's High Voltage Shielded

5, an FRP mast of appropriate height is a standard component.

discharge, it is necessary to convey this very large amount of energy to the

mast provides a "cleaner" electrical atmosphere for the Guardian TM Terminal to perform its task of launching the intercepting "streamer".

conductor is used, an aluminium or galvanised steel mast of appropriate height can be provided.

ground mass where it will be dissipated into a grounding system and will no longer be a threat to personnel, struc- tures or equipment.

Cable (HVSC) provides high integrity low impedance method of performing this task with minimal chance of

"side flashing" or structure

electrification.

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Our HVSC is particularly effective on structures

STEP 1 - - - - - - - - Grounded blunt lightning rod Air Gap
STEP 1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Grounded blunt
lightning rod
Air Gap
Advantages of
Guardian TM Terminals
4 electrically floating
panels
For most applications, a
1
Downconductor
Lightning earth
STEP 2
Triggering arc across
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
air gap initiates streamer
Guardian TM system consists of
a single CAT lightning terminal
which provides an enhanced area
of protection, a single purpose-
designed shielded downconductor
for sophisticated structures, or a
conventional type for standard
structures and a single low
impedance grounding system.
Capacitive
LPI’s CAD based design
2
coupling
Electrically isolated
-
-
-
panels rise in voltage
-
as the electric field
increases
Downconductor
program can determine the
number and location of terminals
required for your project.
Alternatively you may use our
instant design indicator to
determine your requirements.
Lightning earth
LPI’s system can be installed
to comply with most lightning
protection standards.
STEP 3
-
-
LPI’s Guardian TM system is
simple to install and requires
-
-
-
-
-
-
Formation of ionised
path for the lightning
discharge
no special maintenance.
+
+
+ +
LPI’s Guardian TM system is a
very economical solution for
+
+
Air Gap
4 electrically
providing your lightning protection
whilst providing superior security.
isolated panels
Downconductor
The design of LPI’s CAT
terminals are based on the
Lightning earth
most recent developments and
improvements within the industry.
Lightning Strike
Recorder (LSR)
containing high-density
human occupancy and,
those which contain
sensitive electronic
equipment, volatile liquids /
gases and other sensitive
applications.
LPI have developed a Lightning
Strike Recorder (LSR) which, when
installed on a downconductor,
effectively counts the number of
lightning discharges which
have been intercepted by
your Guardian TM CAT Terminal.
Where installations do not
require such high level side
flash/induction prevention
or minimization, LPI offers
conventional down-
conductors of all types
including copper tape &
stranded cables, bare
aluminium, galvanized steel
cables & tapes or any of the
above in PVC insulated
form.
LSR compliments the System
5 approach and is an
optional item. It
can also be simply
installed on all
other types of
downcondutors.
Did you know? - In the
USA alone, it is estimated
that US$500,000,000
worth of lightning damage
occurs annually.
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----- ----
Application LPI GUARDIAN TM TERMINAL ORDERING CODE: CAT I - G CAT II - G CAT
Application
LPI GUARDIAN TM TERMINAL
ORDERING CODE:
CAT I - G
CAT II - G
CAT III - G
CATIGI - G (For connection to 2
inch GI PIPE).
LPI's Guardian CAT series terminals come in three sizes
which permit the user to select a terminal which suits his
particular application. See the accompanying chart for an
indication of the model which best suits your
requirements.
LPI UPPER TERMINATION KIT
ORDERING CODE
UTERMKIT
For a more accurate design for your project, LPI provides
a CAD based design software program which
accurately takes into consideration important factors
relating to your project such as thunderdays per year,
height above sea level, level of protection desired /
Recommended (Standard - High - Very High), physical
dimensions of your structures and materials used in your
structures. Such additional care ensures that competing
features which themselves also have the ability to create
streamer development are taken in to consideration.
LPI FRP SUPPORT MAST
ORDERING CODE
FRP - 2M
FRP - 3M
Unlike other lightning terminal suppliers, LPI consider the
development of competing structural features as
particularly critical on very tall buildings and on sites that
comprise more than one major structure. LPI's CAD
based design software program service is available via
your local LPI distributor or direct to LPI via
info@lpi.com.au.
LPI INLINE COUPLING
ORDERING CODE
IL/COUPLING
Such designs are certified by LPI and therefore offer
additional security with regard to the provision of
satisfactory lightning protection levels particularly in
relation to the lightning activity.
LPI HIGH VOLTAGE
SHIELDED CABLE
ORDERING CODE
HVSC - PM
Height
(m) above
Very High
High
Standard
LPI LOWER MAST ASSEMBLY
structure
Level
Level
Level
Protection
Protection
Protection
ORDERING CODE
of installed
CAT terminal
ALUM - 3M
ALUMB - 3M
CAT I
CAT II
CAT III
CAT I
CAT II
CAT III
CAT I
CAT II
CAT III
LPI CONDUCTIVE SADDLES
10
45
58 75
60
70
80 66
77
85
ORDERING CODE
CONSAD
20
49
63 78
66
82
92
74
92
97
LPI GUY KIT
30
50
65 80
72
84
104
77
108
116
ORDERING CODE
GUYKIT - 4M
50
50
77
89
78
98
118
90
121
128
80
50
77
89
78
115
123 95
128
134
LPI LIGHTNING
STRIKE RECORDER
100
50
77
89 78
115
123 95
128
134
ORDERING CODE
LSR1
120
50
77 89
78
115
123 95
128
134
LPI GROUND RESISTANCE
IMPROVEMENT POWDER
150
50
77
89
78
115
123 95
128
134
LPI LOWER
ORDERING CODE
TERMINATION KIT
GRIP - 10
ORDERING CODE
GRIP - 40
LTERMKIT
The above figures are indicative only, a full design
should be completed by LPI upon application.
All figures represented as metres (m).
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Research & Development The company has an ongoing commitment to Research and Development. LPI personnel and
Research & Development
The company has an ongoing commitment to Research and
Development.
LPI personnel and its associates have been involved in a number
of field trials throughout lightning prone regions of the world, this
experience has extended throughout such countries as Australia,
Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the USA.
LPI 4-Step Approach to Lightning Protection
It is the strategic aim of our company to be able to provide a
complete packaged solution. LPI has identified 4 key steps when
considering the complete approach to Lightning protection, ask
for our "LPI 4 Step approach to lightning protection".
Our system design approach includes:
1.
Definition and provision of area protection.
2.
Creation of a bonded earthing system.
3.
Protection of power lines.
4.
Protection of signal, data and
communication lines.
Design for Area Protection
Please consult with your local authorised LPI distributor for a
lightning protection design for your facility.

DISCLAIMER

• LPI maintains a policy of on-going product development, specifications are subject to change without notice.

• Application detail, illustrations and schematic drawings are representative only and should be used as guides.

• It should be noted that 100% (100 percent) protection level for direct strike lightning and surge and transient protection equipment is not possible and cannot be provided due to the lightning discharge process being a natural atmospheric event.

Research & Development The company has an ongoing commitment to Research and Development. LPI personnel and
Research & Development The company has an ongoing commitment to Research and Development. LPI personnel and
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Innovative lightning protection solutions Direct Strike Lightning protection products and solutions Surge and Transient protection products
Innovative lightning protection solutions
Direct Strike Lightning protection products and solutions
Surge and Transient protection products and solutions for
power, data, communications and signal lines
Grounding products and solutions
Guardian TM Lightning
Protection System 5
Lightning Protection International Pty Ltd
ABN 11 099 190 897
Suite 2, 17-19 Magnet Court,
Sandy Bay, 7005
Tasmania, Australia
PO Box 678, Sandy Bay, 7006
Tasmania, Australia
Telephone
Facsimile
+ 61 3 6223 7899
+ 61 3 6223 7800
Email info@lpi.com.au
www.lpi.com.au
© Copyright 2002