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LEANDRO G. JAPOS NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL FOURTH QUARTER EXAM SCIENCE GRADE 9

 For questions 1 and 2, refer to the table below: 12. Which of the following happens to a coconut that falls a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy. b. Loses both potential energy and kinetic energy. 1. freely? In the table above, what is the momentum of the jeepney? c. Gains potential energy and loses kinetic energy. a. 6,000 kg m/s c. 20,000 kg m/s d. Gains both potential energy and kinetic energy. b. 40,000 kg m/s d. 3,000 kg m/s 2. Which has greater momentum, the jeepney or the motorcycle? 13. What is the energy of a motorcycle moving slowly at the top of a hill? a. c. both have the same momentum jeepney a. entirely kinetic c. entirely gravitational b. d. cannot be determined motorcycle b. entirely potential d. both kinetic and potential 3. Two identical cars are travelling along EDSA. Which of the two cars would have a greater momentum? 14. Which is a necessary condition for the total momentum of a system to be conserved? a. the slower car c. both have the same momentum a. Kinetic energy must not change. b. the faster car d. cannot be easily determined b. No external force is present. c. An object must be at rest. d. Only the force of gravity acts on the system. 4. A 25-kg girl is riding a 5-kg with a velocity of 5 m/s the East. What is the total momentum of a girl and a bike together? 15. Which event is explained in the sequence of energy changes shown in the diagram below? a. 100 kg m/s b. 125 kg m/s c. 150 kg m/s a. c. electric current powers a flat iron a headlight is on d. 200 m/s b. d. gasoline burns to run a jeepney a turbine spins 5. Which of the following is a necessary condition for the total 16. Which event illustrates the direct transformation of potential momentum of a system to be conserved? to kinetic energy? a. Kinetic energy must not change. a. A basketball player catches a flying ball. b. No net external force acts on the system. b. A Kalesa moves from rest. c. The system must be at rest. c. Kathy’s arrow is released from its bow. d. Only the force of gravity acts on the system d. The spring mechanism of a toy is rotated until it locked. For numbers 6 and 7 the given data are: 17. The wind-up toy that is fully wound and at rest possesses Two 0.5 kg balls approach each other with the same speed of 1.0 m/s. A. kinetic but no potential energy 6. What is the total momentum of the system before B. potential but no kinetic energy C. both potential and kinetic energy in equal amounts collision? a. 0 b. 0.50 kg m/s c. 1.0 kg m/s d. -1.0 kg m/s D. neither potential nor kinetic energy 7. If there is no external force acting on the system, what the total momentum of the system after collision? 18. The impulse experienced by a body is equal to the change in its: a. 0 a. Velocity b. 0.50 kg m/s b. Kinetic energy c. 1.0 kg m/s c. Momentum d. -1.0 kg m/s d. Potential energy 8. A lady tennis player hits an approaching ball with a force of 19. Which among the forms of energy is considered a potential energy? 750 N If she hits the ball in 0.002 s, how much impulse is imparted to the tennis ball? a. chemical energy b. radiant energy a. 0 N s b. 1.5 N s c. 3.0 N s d. 6.0 Ns c. sound energy d. thermal energy 9. Which sequence of energy transformation best describes what happens when you switch on your battery-run radio? a. b. c. D. Mechanical Energy Electrical Energy Sound Energy Mechanical Energy Chemical Energy Chemical Energy Chemical Energy Electrical Energy Sound Energy Sound Energy Mechanical Energy Sound Energ 20. A torchlight fell from a watch tower. The potential energy of the torchlight at the highest point compared to its kinetic energy at the lowest point is a. b. c. lesser. equal. greater. d. not related. 10 In which case is there a decrease in gravitational potential energy? 21. Which event illustrates the direct transformation of potential to kinetic energy? a. Amada stretches horizontally a rubber band. a. A volleyball player blocks an incoming ball. b. A car ascends a steep parking ramp. b. A sleeping cow stirs awake. c. Pamela’s puppy jumps down the chair. c. The wide-open spring door closes slowly. d. Water is forced upward through a pipe. d. The spring of a broken toy shoots up. 11. A picture frame falls off the wall. Considering the presence 22. Which of the following happens to raindrops? a. Loses potential energy and gains kinetic energy. b. Loses both potential energy and kinetic energy. c. Gains potential energy and loses kinetic energy. of air, how does the kinetic energy (K) just before striking the floor compare to the potential energy (P) at its hanging point? a. K is equal to P. b. K is greater than P. d. Gains both potential energy and kinetic energy. c. K is less than P. d. It is impossible to tell.

23. Francis stretched a rubber band five times. After that, he observed that the rubber band felt warmth. Did the rubber band gain heat?

a. No, it is not evident.

b. Yes, the rubber band felt warmth means it gained heat

c. Yes, the rubber band felt warmth means it loss heat.

d. No, temperature is not related to a gain or loss of heat.

24. What is commonly used as refrigerant for most of the

refrigerators?

a. Liquid that is easy to solidify.

b. Liquid that is hard to solidify.

c. Gas that is easy to liquefy.

d. Gas that is hard to liquefy

25. How does water from the deep well move upward?

a. It occurs naturally.

b. It uses water heat pump.

c. It is a spontaneous process.

d. It flows from higher temperature to cooler temperature.

26. Is it possible to change the temperature of a glass of water by stirring the water, even though the glass is insulated from its surroundings?

a. No, stirring will not affect the temperature of the water.

b. No, insulation prevents the change of temperature of the water.

c. Yes, stirring the water increases its internal energy causing the increase of its temperature.

d. Yes, stirring the water decreases its internal energy causing the decrease of its tempera

Modified True or False. Study each statement. Write True if it is correct and if not, change the underline word/s to make it true.

27. Heat engine is any device that converts thermal energy into mechanical work.

28. In every heat engine, all of the heat can be converted into work.

29. Mechanical work takes place in the piston of a gasoline engine.

30. There is no ideal heat engine, making some heat exhaust in the environment.

31. Thermal pollution is brought about by the accumulated exhaustion of heat from diesel, gasoline and industrial engines.

32. What energy transformation takes place in a generator?

a. electrical to mechanical

b. heat to mechanical

c. mechanical to electrical

d. chemical to mechanical

33. In which case will electric current be induced in a coil of wire?

a. when it is connected to a galvanometer

b. when a magnet is held stationary inside the coil

c. when a magnet is rapidly inserted into and out of the coil

34.

.

How can air conditioning unit functions as heater during cold

days and cooler during hot days?

1. It cools the inside of the house and heats the outside.

2. It takes heat from the air outside to warm the inside.

35.

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. 1 and 2 only

What is the function of a heat engine?

d. None of them

a. It converts chemical energy to mechanical energy.

b. It converts thermal energy to mechanical energy.

c. It converts mechanical energy to chemical energy.

d. It converts thermal energy into chemical energy.

36.

What causes thermal pollution?

a. Exhaust of different vehicles.

b. Exhaust from different industrial engines.

d. All of them

37.

38.

39.

40.

In which of the following units is electrical consumption measured by electric companies four our household consumption in our homes?

a. kilowatt

b. volt

c. megawatt

d. kilowatt hour

In power stations generating electricity, power is measured in

a. joule

b. kilojoule

c. kilowatt

d. megawatt

Shayne turned on a lamp switch in her room. Which of the following is the correct path of electrical power that can be traced back to the source?

a. power plant

substations

transmission substations

distribution

residences

b. transmission substations

power plants

residences

c. residences

distribution substations

distribution substation

power plants

transmission substations

d. distribution substations

transmission substations

power plants

residences

You made an electric motor in school. When you tested it in using 4 dry cells, the armature turned very fast. What should you do to make it turn slower?

a. use a bigger magnet

b. remove one of the dry cells

c. increase the number of turns in the coil of wire

d. decrease the distance between the magnetic poles

41.

If a 100 W light bulb is lit for 8 hours each day for 20 days in a month. How many kilowatt-hours will the bulb consume?

a. 16

b. 160

c. 1600

d. 16000

For nos. 42-51 , complete the table below and show your complete solution.

A 2-kg stone dropped on top of a hill and reached the ground after 1s.

 d. when a magnetic compass is held beside it Time (s) Height Velocity PE (J) KE (J) TME (m) (m/s) PE + KE 0 42 43 44 46 1 47 48 49 50 51

39.

40.

46.

 40 47 41 48 42 49 43 50