Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 274
C. Msanos-Karanckni, T. Kacpanop PYKOMALUHbIN BOW TEOPMA Vi MPAKTHKA He, Ma PYKOMALUHbIM rey / — eee em tate) “em EP PAGS” aK 795 BBK 75.715 120 PEAYIPEXAEHHE anarens stoi jury HE MECET OTBETCTREHHOCTH i nist pen ns apy nossexne Jor Gute peayeraiom rayvowss H/Hi paNohe atm nowsegenn sacs HACID YR Hanon-Karancxwii C. 1120 Pyxonaumsi Goi: Teopus « mpaxnaxa / C. Hae os-Keratcw, T. Kaceatos. — M.: OAHP-IPECC, 2008, — 860.6. wa. — (Cewses). ISBN 5.8183.0600.3 . Kacsanon T. P. ana rors, aoraveckoe nponoateie TPYROD HBB: wax ereumeaMeros 3 oGaacra pyronauinora 60s, sine F mma panera — reoperescere? w npexrieckt Tlep suit oeseuaer paasurue ensmocopers m Pocek, oprastse to tpexpowcraro npozecca, QHOMEXSHIKY TERHNCCRIX npaenes. Bropok — 200 npaxciewecnx ypoxoa — cone “xv ropo6Hoe onucadue Ga20s0f rexsA KEpaTD HAD ex Goetine mpwenes. Snece xe Fpsiaanszes HORNE Mp ‘a npoveaetes copeotouarith ro pytonausiany Cox. Tpopecenosaneaii nomxoa, npocrora RANOR-NR MATE ana i Gorge xasitiecrso anaocrpail neazioy 91y ry mirepectoh x naeauel 2am rpesepos,cnoprexesioe ‘ unpororo apyra worraneref, YAK 796 BBK 75.715 ‘a 5 Sen Grbue Sx remannaepoapeen te © Hae Keren C., 2003 © Kecuanoe T, 2005, © Copns ogopurene ‘expec, 2008 ISBN 5-8183-0600-3 MPEAMCAOBME Rosie Konpmuctot w paamastanix TOR semttore mapa ejuTeMHo soKarUURAIOT, "TO H cee, NeeMOTPA 1a OCHA Ince padi compeNtenntssar DHZAMH 3OOPYAEHIR, BIEOKYIO exansarom aolick, tpeGonarmn x qyrsittecKoit NOATOTONKE tne oesaGi, 8, RAOGOPOT, sxoKe Bospocttt, BociMoCTPxAIAE {Aon 1 TORBKO FPAMOTHO YpassieTD Toweliwel| Texte Aoi, 0 M yMert Gpicrpo, Gecuyaaio nepeawuararben, Mpeono- Nekir® ApeEMATETDNA, BAALETH XOWIOAIHIM OPYRNEM, 31TH hipientsa PyKonauNoro Gos, KOTOPKIE KUTAOTEN TaKIIM -C ‘opyxvie, XaK aBTOMAT, MyaIeMET wut penomnep. OT MacTep- TAMER UNL W GOIO NACTO SABHCHT HSA METODEKA, Hacromuan kira Bkeuower AvecTH OGEeOUKEHITEEK ypO- on ynapitofl ¢ Gpeckonolt Texts, MpHesfon pyKOmaLIHOro (Gant, nosboxOUUIX Hay TaTE TeXAUIKY GOPKOKL H BECTH CHOP Inute Hoezisen, uowea Ha PYKAX NepHaTRH paAsMDAOH awECTKO- cone, Kona Gaantpyeres Ha compentenssns OCTINKEIDERK ea orien, Heimoaormt H GuoMexarmmr, Osi skmoracr 8 cea ‘oGintpmattreopersecxa Merete, locemauennt pwn haa attoronerHero nlocTpoenus y'e6Ho-TpenmtpoBoNttOrO uponecca, duanociorieckio OcHoBaxs wixpaGorEn dritHec ix ener (CUTER, BUNgATHROCTH, CKOPOCT, KOOPAHIUE 1x enocoBioerel), a TaNEKE mpweNa Bener® GOH MPOTED InnopyAceHtoto NpOTHBHNKa wt MeToaSs TecTHpowAIIH YPOBRE uotoroaKsr Gofinos. AABA 1 CTAPHHHBIE BH/Ibl EMHOBOPCTB WX PA3BHITHE B POCCH Cywecrayer Gombwoe pasnooSpaste TpasamunonmEr cucremt pyromammoro Gos, KOTOpsIe OTTHNYAIOTER apyT OT Apyra KaK 10 CHacobaN nerTeHH NOcmMKE, TAK I HO HaGo~ py Texinrvecxi mpxenos. TIpoGitea npHGrioKenna passis- 1Muix piuton eaummoGopers K YenoRILAM PeamTBHOTO PYKOMAMI- ore Goa eymecTuowaxa s Esporte oveH» abHo; TAK, 8 porpasary apenitix Oniasnicenx arp ¢ 648 roma pout auxpaTwon kak BIE enlopTa, coueTaouNt w cebe yaapmyto 1 Gpocwonyio Texuty. M. JIyxamos, anamirumpys crapmnice exponelicene xent- TiC 1 MaNYeKpINTH HO pasmeHOM BILAN eaMKOGOpErs, onmesaer, #70 8 apesueh Expone Goft sumiom « Muy "MpOrHtKcoN Gia OcHOBHOM, Ho He emuHETBCHOT opreoit eae sofiins, Ceutases Ha tpyabt Orra, Jlnxrewayspa, T. Tanrapepa, atop ormesaer Gostntoe pasuooGpasie c1io- coSos weeme1 MoesmUAKOS KA c ucttOmsoMAHeN JexTORA- Ho PALMA HLAADGH KONOANOTO OPYANA, TAK W Ge Nero, Korda conepHiKN nPOTHBONOCTABLULA APYE APYTY OBKOcTS It cimy coSeraeitibax Mou, Tax, 2 «Dexronam- lof xuuren Tanroepa mpinoasrea TpARLATE MATE pasHO- Cumin TaGnn, HoKAsLIBAIONUAX HoXoxeHHE Goplos, ‘TeXIDIKY HenomHeN® GoeBLax mpiteMoD, Opockon H saa ry oF nx. Mo Tpasunuia. Toro spewesn Gops6a Benacs ‘TONLKO B MoWo2xEIUMK CTOR, TAK KAK ZeKAUBIT Ha semute pirswanatce 5 GeswanexnioM HoIOxCIH, XOTA B GOI0 3TO Gun0 ne woerna Tax. TloSeasrreext 8 TypHUpe oKAaDIRANCR fur, ero Gosembi MpHemoM MpiNyaat conepHIKA OTKaS uxtteca oF GopKOM HK Howeprat eFO HA 3ENTIO. Tanrsesxo, anananpys suvepaTypiete erownmxn NIV XVI ap, Takiex enporieickisx autopon, xax Tlowe e Heppesan (1474), Biers (1560), H. Meiiep (1570), Tette- wp (1610), Cyrope (1612), orweaaer, ro pasinwanie dex: WabHE CHETEMM Y PAMINNILIX HAPOTOB Way TA Jpunieano ¢ paRTINEING MpueNauut pyxoraoro Go. M. Jykauton oraevaer, «ro suoxexait sacrep I. Kor Wyatt, OSHEKONMBILAGE € IIpHeMaNH HassaHTHBOX BSTC lupo, © HewoyMentien oTueTHia: «B XVI vexe » Exporte tani moxuy-zoauTey». Kax Ost ® ZOKasuTeMCTHO TOMY nokrop M.@orr xs xiry © HeoGKuMBM HasBaTttes Crapoe H Honoe & HekyeeTBe ApaKim, re NoMecTHN px- om © hotorpaditell kaxvioro Tipuema zxy-anxurTey 1906: pvweINe comepulesHO anaorMMHOTO MpMeMa, KOTOPEIM omsonaanes 8 Eapone Goce narncor er nasa. Test canuam M, Por He Tomko AOKasEt8ax MOmHHyto caMocro~ ‘venBHOETS eBpOrTecKH ciICTEM CAMOBALUITH, 10 1 110 (CHnitt nox COMMeHILE OpHTHnaIANOCTE MeKOTHX AMOHEKHX apes Kacwich ne cminkox evactango, nonwolt novi 1 pas outuix eTHIeK Hcropimt PyccKoro Tocyzapersa, MOXHO boMerHETs, #70 Ha ee TeppHTopit Ino caNocroaTesHOe punnmrrHe paxnesensx cHeTes Goesoit oxTOTOBKH. Cpems caocoSpasierx m opirimiamsmx guasitieckix yit- uxaiemnit mpasunueonx panastewen y craasE HANG iit monyaapkoctaio Homaonanuch xysasmmre Gon. Kera- 1, W TlO@MUIKAX YAP HAMOCHLTCS Ne TOBKO PYKANIK, HO Ww noraat, Yoapoi woran waxocanves we wummie ypont spyot, Flepsce ynowmnauute 0 Kynavmacx Gok MBI BETDEHa- est a netonmen Hectopa «Ilosects spentewHsx ep», OTHO- ‘oueces stauany XII pexa. Aw 1274 rozy 0 nits ytost acres » «Kepaseiiy sorrponomrra Kupioiza, 8 xoropoft Dupsokeso OTPHUATeABHIC’ OTKOIICHKE LepKAM K aTOH Ha- poyowoit morexe. B nocieaytouute croreru® UepKOMb eTOnD 2ke OTPUTIA- “reso oTHocHTact & KyamMIEI GoaM, 1 # 15ST roay uep- KOBHHE JAKOWLE 3ANPETIM HX XG GHEPHINE aMATHICKOTO Gectionanme», HO, YecMoTps Ha 97, a 8 XVII, ww» XVII, ap XIX croseritix yaneweuae xynamem Goow epest MPO coro uapona nposomaasocs. Kax miteast uaneer#bit HCTO- pie XIX nexa P.@ovan: ePyccxsie Kystasste Go — 970 Hau crtopr, 8 KOTOpHtl BINHIOCS caNO Kame pocenTicKoe CcTpeMeHte K COCTANAMIMIO B CIT, TOBKOCEH It wBEITOCTIIBO- cert, Kynawnse 60H nposito ciutstics ¢ GurroMs pyceKoro apo, KOPN ero TepwOTeR B FayOoKolt crapnHer. Kyaientiae Gon mpoxoniint He cruxiiivo; Gotta Moro _nIGIH cooTuereTAyIoMyto HoWToTOBKy. Yoxe B TO BpeMs cy mecrsosata ciicrema rpeHmponowasx ynpawnennit. Lo OWEN oO Tac CRELENHAM, 30 GAIAM OpuTAAMDHIE napwaitrer BSITORUENIN TANOETHBIX sKEHH, oTITOHOD, yxoos, yictonon. [owmyo 2roro, cyiliecruopasta camoGirr- ag siuxaTeMbMaM THMRACTHKa, criocoGcTayrONLAR CosAasTINO ‘Tax waguimeMoil eoxee3HOll pyOaitKio, TO eTb TaKoit 10s oroski MbmeNoro KopeeTa, KOTOPAK zestata Teo Gott HeocnpunATMERHIM K YslapaMt MpOTHBHIKA, Heeworpa Ha rposuiwe Bepipscrat wepKoninsx 1 cBeTe- ux puacrel, KyAaYHBIH Goll Guut mApoKo Tionynspen napone. K vaaay XVII nexa oxonvaredsHo croxaumcs Hemicanste Mpawina, OCKORUDIAO nysKTANH 8 KOTOpENX GuLto: nprwenienute Ysapow TosIBKO KYAAKaN, MOMKOE nekmoveHite yaapon HoraMH i roxowofi, sampemerte ysta~ poo minke noxea, eTpoxafimes sanpeuerme Grrr yrranne- Fo mponiranneKa, Mit aagno rmpmasnem x Tomy, «70 compextetnit Goxe npewocxom Kyaasiult Goi 80 scex oriomtenax. Ho, ‘Kaki 370 HK NOKaNeres Crpalnins, pyooNTE Kya‘ Goit bb cuniene mpasiti upegcranan coGolt Tor zautexwi wea, xoTopoMy anrunickitit GOxc nooMeN Nero MM vepEr omropa-nea crosemg, B oTauUNe OF THpHBeeNHHNX BEI ‘OcHORHBIX tHpaRIL p¥ceKOTO KYsASHOT GoX B TY¥ANIION Auutuione eo oGeromne concen smmase, «Bxaropoanoe tienyceTHo eAMOSAUNITED? IANORUUIOG B TY MOPY OTHIOAH NE wean Gxaroposutoll duuse cHoero pAIBITH. 1 1830 rogy Llapap Jlexyp, mporbeccztona raat spenio~ tb FHMERACTREH, cPETORALTAK 1 AMTUUHCKOFO ORCA, juan 9TH pxtabt eTIOpTa © upnemann easaT H IOCOH 1 svt eBovo cucreMy «ppanuyscKatit Cox {Hayursieckas Gopeba 1 nautonaprio-ocwoGoateTenBsIOe unnacimne @ Hexen HocayATEME TOIMKOM K HOSRACHIUO Ha thet eCoKonbexoll riomvactii, cosaHno M. Topica. 1 oyu see pagers Bom pasmmesibte Bist ipexTOn- une, Gops6a i ¢ypamuyscxsiti Goxc. Di. Jetennt ¥ 2K. 36ep crann cosmaesssut — wanGonee spestENA st aweliuoro Gom; MCR» — CHCTEMA BALLET HME ‘¢ nOWOKCHHA Tea TyTEM PAAAUNTX YBCpTOK OT yaapos; «oeaecona Goporsbay, st eoxoTIMUKES, consae sRGIMGCKIME RyTAROL H sHIRETEN OZOH RaHENee HOMECTHI HH MAYEN; «cnao> — GoeKonTARTHAH, BILL Gopssis, ocuosanmnsit na noxannen MpoTUBHEKA CHOxs, Guonases Bee nepesuiztennmie mame wisi pyxorannoro Gos, Hxe- Toute 8 octoBttOs enBaHeKyI0 TepsMEO-TOrINO H xaKINeC- ie Kopi, 8 sloctenHee spend loxyHIH HoBoe Poxstee. Orpouian sacayra w aasisselimes. pasate pykonaut- oro Gos, xax noxastinaer T. Bypies, mpanattexar reve- parntceunyey A. B. Cynopony, y xoroporo obyrenme 2ToMy ‘uy exmHoGopeTs BxomInO 8 cTpoeayto It TAKTIMECKYIO noaroroasy. «Fipensymccrs0 » Gimxnes. Goro, — cra ronkovonct, — 6yeT HMETE Ta crOpOHR, ¥ XOTOPOH Go tue pewerensuocri coBrucs n Gmbxnen 6or0 Gonsuse Mein maT UETAKOAD. Hance F. Bypuen oruevaer, ‘70 € Kosta 50x roo XIX pexa goextonare 3 uiTuKonoi Goll napsay € ranma craxoit navann axivouer» w eonepxate OGyEHNR Goss uuemcrea nouexax sacrei, a p 1857 roay paopabarisia- sores nepaste npanvaa ana o6yseuns yonpeGzemo 6010 maka i npaknaga, » MIX AAOTER peKOMENZAIDIH NO TaK- TAKE BeNeHIIN NOGsHIMKA ¢ HCCKONBEINNH EPOTEDHEXADL epaay Ham akan, OOPYACHNENA past saat opyan 'B 1881 roay suxoner Howie, Gosce pacmnEpeANBE, Rpa- nwa o6ysennx eacxycetay elicit» pykomautox Gow. B 1907 roay us enone o6ouremix onsra pyeexo-AtON- ‘cxoit sofimat 1 sotorozerucit mpaxrunir oGy4enux noiicx Pykonaumouy Go1o paspaBarsimacrea oBoe PyKODonCTRO {Zin apannt ~~ «OSyiezie mTs:koBOKY Gozo. B 1910 rony yniepanacres wacrannoae xx oGytex iter rismacrike, KoTOpOC SeKpeuIuO youu saeTL aK octionityio hopwy rstieekoll nonroTORKH i peKOMEH- ronan pacer acon yxeSnoro spexcuit Ha paxtuaHtie pasaeae dusueckort Mis yeSwntx riooo6ut, saeamisix tax asropannt xax JI, Busan, H, Te6ezen, A. Hlewerp x T. Uapyxnt HE Miymikoa, sis mien, To, HOMO NeTOAOS wea PY onauniore Got © opyauem 1 mporun wero, paspaGoTa MUX pyceKioMit Naacrepanst exsaoSopeTa, B HapeKoit apy i MoMUpar HicrO-aoRAIOcL OGy'eHKe SpanyscKoit Bops- Ge 1, anoneKoit CHeTeMe JoAMY-sUKSTEY cbpanyscxan 6opsGa metiOvaeT B ceGa TaKte mpltesHl, eax 6pocra (wepes rete40, Geapo v rpyats) 1 Gopesy x napre- pe. B ue sanpewcwss nomtoxxu, saxnarét HIDAC ORCA, Goneuste mpienor M mpyewss HoTasa, Citcsewa sxuyeAT= Coy, HaNpotia, pexoMenayer npAseasTs Gpocky ¢ sAxKATON, paUUINHDIX acre TynOBMA, GoneBMIE eperHGAHHs cxpysimantin cycTaseB, YaapHt Nees aCTANN Tena Tlocxe OxraGpreKolt peaomouin 1917 rona mpasooxpa- ‘nureatuage opranit H apsaig moroxoro Cosetexoro rocy- ‘apeTsa sakexe CTAUIE NeMBITEIBATR HOrpeGHOCTE B cHoett Ci ccTese pyxoriaustioro Gos, KOTOpAR PAIBMBATACD CxeAVIONUIM o6pasow. C 1924 rosa Gum10 naeaeHo w AelicroHE pyroBoxcTEO ccbyanrieekax rloarorouka PaGowe-Kpeerbancxoit Kpactoft Apaut it zonpussisifoll Mosiozeat, cocTomiee 13 10 6po- lop 10 aiiareHIHo Mpuemar Gox c opyantea x MpOTHD sero. B rox. xe rony B, Kopostoucxsit x M. sixonnen wsiry~ Cerin Mevosuvieckoe PYKOROACTHO 10 GoXCY, ‘pexTODAMTNO orpeniée. B 1927 roay suman exer xara B. Cripuo- ‘Hopa «PyKonocTno caMOsaIKIETHE Ges OPYAWA TIO cHETEME ARHY-ORNTEY;, NpeNAIHANAAAck o1ta AK PAGOTHNKOD ornty. B, Borkos otwevaer, ero B. Cruspaxorios asiincx ocito- sarerien concreKollcucTewt camGo (ceMosaunrTa 6e3 opy- ‘xu, Ha npormxctnt paca ner 3Ty cicteMy couepureHcr#o- ‘BAM, unexIt nonlonsrTembae rpYmIN HpKeMOB T pespa6o- ‘Tat Kes pa Meroao® TpesstpouKn. Tak, cabo cra omit 119 npmneTayuIAX mIOB GopSOs cwcreme qsvI00- xojt nogrovonxu corpyasukos HKBJ. Kax enewiasnan coopTimuno-npwtanias aweuuniama cauGo axomuI0 Cano croxreapHo# nopmoii 8 Kosmutexc ITO Il ctynean (no sM104H «jliaaKson). Tlo adeno A. PenowcKoro, cucreMa Chupitoviora Ho MHoroM anowsioraer aitenuzo: TOT 2kC ctonsiof! npMEN — He MCUITW MIPOTHRINKY FAKOBSTD,, |p onpeneneimme Momerrni uelizpanonaTD, NeHOMTESys ero -xc coUcrnentayio ciety. Yaapias TeXMIIKA He HEKSHONAACD, HO TURTAKA BEIEHA HOCANNKA CrPOWKACE eK TONIETEEAO or oGopoud. B Gomuncrsc cayacn savers oF opyaHK ono 0¢1 mero, pass mpem ey camomy. Brow xo roay, ero 1 xnnea B, Cruprtonons, nosuiza a coer xinra T. Kaxaseva «lllsiikoxolt Got. B neil Taxxe {Yeaatinasioch Ha HeoOxoMHMOcTE OBy'ents pseMast Gea ‘opyxttoro Goa, «O6yxexe mprreNast pykonamoro 60x, —~ ican antop, — Meer, KOKO, He TOMLKO MpaKTHTeckat OMe — naysMITE, Kak OONETL GosIce cHuUAHOTY (BOOPY ‘cHHOrO) KpOTMBHUIKA, HO 1 TPOMIHOE MOpAABHOe sHavie~ He — BoeTITE & KaxNOFO GOIlIIA YBEpeHHOCTE ® CRO ‘wurax, yEOUETS ero, ro HHO HK romBAMH PyRADMIE MOXKHO TH wa wpara it noBemIETE ero». B 1928 rosy Mpenurymom Burcitero covera duramee- xoit xyabrypa mph BLLMK Gita paspaGorana «M/porpase- a gnsrerecxoH osrovoRKi PaGoue-KpectesHcKolt Kpace Hol Apanno. Xora i ne aysuumm oGpasom cocranemtast, ‘ona 2ocTaTOyHO TOSHO OTBeNasIa TpeGonaIMKAN Bpenen. B Tiporpamme ronopisiocn: «Kak Gb aticoKo HH cTORNA CO- [BpeneHHaM TeXINKA BOrHHOTO AINA, BOE He cyAEGA OTHE oro Gos, OTpeMbILIX cTLIeK H ExBATOK HepeAKo peuacTest cut01© xoomHOrO OpyxIA M pykornMOi; Kpowe Toro, YMeNMe BIAeTe XOKOAIMAIM OPYAHEM Nl YMCHME NYCTHTE 8 OM COOETHEHULIE KY:IAKH H HOTH HMeET "CTO MopaTBHoe SHAEHHC, ARET KWRIOMY AOWY YepenNOCTE @ EBON CH stax 0 caMoro NocHEAHETO MOMEHTA 1 COSHAHUG, TO OF HE Geszaupiten, noxa y Hero m pykax cr opyane, sum, ect cu nosesgy-antGo ammiaeTea ero H ocraeTes 6es Bcero B PyKAX, ranaioc @ PYKAX Hatta =e veer nomiyio BoAMorkHOCTD NYCTINE B zefiersHe coGcTHEH- ate KystaKM 1 HoT. LHe 9TOTO B MpoTpanwe crABHIAC saxawa obyurre KwKOrO Gofina eriocoaxs sauTEA IC TA naneatax (Goxe, 6opsGa, paxunsne wT OPPAt), COpurnaanbiylo cinreTHMeckyio cutesy pykorauIHOro 6ox paspaGoran H.OsnoGuunm » 1930 roay. «CucTeaa OsnoGuazuna, — muuer A. Mempexen, —- acer ciimirte Kopitt GraroAaps HeILONsIOWAMO MHOTONEKOHOFO OMBtTa anaqubix W socrounx emANOGOpeTH, a TAKKE SHAN [NpeCTyMHOTO Mpa, «HIND, BMUTABIIAX eGR HesatO ‘oreuectBeIIx 1 sapyOexm 208K Gox. Ox erpemsties yecrs nce ocHoRUBe crazunk pyKonausHore Gos, TO Cx hhazo ero ciicreMy mpaKkTHsHol 1 xIEsHeCTTOCOGHEO. B cooelt xnure H, O2no6imm xapacrepiayer cicremy pycorawnoro Gox exeayiounst oGpasowt: «Hexycern py- onammoro Gox (ienpaRiunHo masumAIOT casosauurroi) ssaxouuer w coGe nce cnocoGEr H nprreMtt mivUMLAyARBHO; Ccanosaiturrit 1 wananeHis, ocHosanNBIe Ha upAKTHeCKOM saysesnit ie naysttowt aati peambitoro Gos H ero oGcTa- tHoskit, Tlo cymecray, 9T0 HexyceTBO He MOxCT GamIposATS- cor Ha Kaxon-nnGo OAMOM RHE MIMIBMAYARAAOA sAONTEA, "Tak AK 370 pommmopertano Gt KAK caMOH mpupore pear oro Gos, Tax M aneMeHTapHBAN npaBiLtAM BOeKIOH TARTH- xa, B iacrountest pykonaustion 6010, xorAa wa Kary 10 ‘cTanstena eropeseckax Asti, KOFA /UIN AepyIEUTKER «ce cpeuicrsa xopount», park ynorpeGusloT TepEoe HlowiAHme- fea non PYKY Opyxte, HomBayloTes sOGKANOT MpHNTANAE 1 HOIOKEHNRMH, NOCKARANIGINGE ACUOTHEAM MICTHTIKTOM C2 mocoxpatienins, Tovroxyy 6su10 Oss 10 MewBureT Mepe erp Ho ockopEmTs HexyocTHo PyKoMaIMHOTO Gox MCKIMONTITED- Ho Ha onNOMI cuIeTeMe CaMosAIOETHD. B 1931 roay suaiza kunra-nacranaenme, KOTOpAR NaaI- nanach «ueutyeckue yupaxwienmx 8 PKICA®, anatesnpya oropyio M. Tykauion npimien i nuupoxy, FO ocTenH cee slab maruzcania B. QuleMKOREIM 4 BKIONAET KOMTITEKC- ylo roprorosky pyxonaumoro Gos =" Kacascs encremn B. Omenkowa, nporararsuposapie- ro sono, K. Eropou u JI. Conousen mutays, tro B. Omer OB MosepKHBaE NaxHOCTE Xoportelt cHOprUBHOH ocIo- wut six GopMAponana 6eIOTKAIHONPONHEIX HARBIKOB ca ovate. Muorne aopoeumue iccaezopuremt pykonamoro Gox (H, Tanworceatii, B, Bouxor 1H. Cixi), xax 1 B, Onten- Kop, 34KTaRLIBAIH B CHOI METOAUKHE CHOPTUBHYIO OCHOBY, ba Koropof: Gasuposaioce pasitnie mpinstaninoR TexAtKt. Beaytmim rloctenoennm. HectenORATesIeM PYKOMANINO- 0 Goa Guut yuetnne B. Omenxona A. Xapsasannen. Ocuosy ero cueTeNsht cocrannano cnopmunttoe cauGo H ero Goenott ‘Pamen, # KoTopbilt BXOJiWI yuapst Moran, yayMIAIOUNtE [Mpwex, Gops62 MpOTHS OpyACIS, CBRBEBAINIC H KONBOI- orarse, FRABA 2 TEOPETMYECKHE OCHOBBI TEXHUKH BPOCKOB BVOMEXAHMMECKME 3AKOHOMEPHOCTH TEXHMMECKMX AEACTBHA Texmnnxa Gops6st — oro onpenenestax exeTeMA el rou, xaupanzersax a nocorenne rien. HIparixa GopsGu1 nossomma ouipadoraTs siKGonee >ppexTHMIsHE expyxrypst acicremi, xoTopsie noxpayrensIOTeA 1k aTaNy- rome, sain H KoRTparaxyouute. HauGoree wax nt UU pocTa TEXINTHCCKOTO MACTEPCTOA SDREIOTER ATAKYIO- ree aetteroe Bofks, c7a60 saaneiouve Textnkofl 6ope6ss, ostHtIo nnpmciator Hesbirozeie, Hepaunowambiste Mpuesbt, Pac Crane, raannsiv OGpatox, na npeonomeHte conpoTHD- semis cooero mpoTunska, TaKne MueMst AaI0T OTOH ‘ombabit pesysT5TAT HL # TOM ExYHaC, KOTHA ATAKYIONDHT seseet mpeneymtecTno 0 exe ofits, miaetoue Texiiskol Gopsdit » BoIcoKol cre- eso, acto noGexMOT swKE GuOKsecKH Gonee CHOCO poticiinka. June 2Toro omnt npHeraior K-TaKiOS ABKPKCHI- 4, KOTOPKIE PH paBHABHON coNETAHIEH HK MEXKY COG "MpasicTbHoM KaMeBMexONC Me MpHMOWeAHUN BHTpEALNK 1 silewHi eT oOpasylor eTpYRTYpY mpmemos, sauueT 1 Kowrpnpiemos, oBccremmeaioutix n60 sBUIrpBIKE B CHT, ‘60 BBIHCPAIU: BO BpeMeHH. YroGsi BUsBHTS aaxOHOMepHOCTH TexHMKH GopD6st, HeoBKONANO MpoaNatIAMponaTH nee OctORHEIE ZHRCHIAR 3. cloprewewion, Taxoil akamIs AysHO HAMIRHATI: W nepBy!O ‘ovepenb © pACCMOTPEHIEN RIAuNOZEICTUHX mexaMHUCCKHX ou, KoTOpHle BOMINKAOT Nps BuMOAKENtEH MpHestoD, Hs. ‘ecTHo, {TO MIpHBBITONENIN Jae CAMO MPOCTOTO ABI ‘xeiiaa TpeOyeTeA maNMOZeMICTSNE LIeTOTO PAA OpraHOR ‘yenloveyeckoro Teaa, KOTOPHIE petyYaNpylores newrpaKACH Hepattoit cacrenoil Tice neobxomumo oGusemtTs TorBKO BHEUIIOIO ¢bop- My anmnxeuI; pAceMOTpETS HX € TONKK spent Hh MEXA- eekix gaKonoMepuoctelt, [Ipu 910M eneayeT Yenowno pasoGparb nx Ges yuera anyTpewanx mpowteccos, caasArNILEX JIMEHCIIUAML B MANUILAX, KOTOPINE JaBKEKT OT crettenH ‘Tpeunpowaxwocrst, YToMtene, cocTORENI HepsHOM cxteTe- Mt, rant HT ‘Munurente anmseins (ocoGeHHO ect On TaKHLE COK- nile, Kak y Goli-eauioGoputa) maoutocryMsl anamTay co ‘croponi cocrana 1 paGoTet YHacTByIOUHEX B MUX MbiLIL, rex, Gorlee To RO MHOTHX CYSANK COCTAD ITOH YorOBHE PAGOTI MMMINKE BlEHHOTCA BO BPeMB caNOTO aBHKeMN. Tlosrouy mpx myverm Texsncn GopeGst pabora ove [HBX MUU He PaCeMETpHRIETER, TAK KAK # paGONEM Mbt meshoM ure HaAGA Ke STA CrOPOWA, # Hanpantemte ABIRCIMEA, eFO cua (F.€. NPOIBOAMOS JOMKCHMEN B+ eHMe HK TATA), MpOTaxERIE (ATHA YT) K eKOpOCTH. Tipe avanise aciicraylownx aut % paGorwnx zmIEKCHIEAK Golttos yuerusaiores + cama smmesioft ar; + amieprioe conpormaeune tex Helicrons orax cet nnexyr 3a co6olt pasmmansze wanene: 4 nodoxerniit Tena, oTAesblIRIe WacTH KOTOpOTO YAOGHO PACCMITPHBATS Kak puwary. IIpHt cpaBHcHHiH OTACTEEBIX ‘wacreli Tes a ncero Tesla ¢ paIaraMi wecruBsesae ac ‘rea (romoba, Geapo, rovtens, ile, npemtuueuse, KHCTE, ‘TynOpHNe), HeCMOTp Ha 1H ANacTHEMOCTS H TlocTomIyIO iemensocr ops, npakTHueCKH cxrraIOTER BeMIoRa- MHL HOCTOAHGIAG. B orsenmiix eaytan, Kors Goeu Hanparacren 1 3aK- pemiercs B CROIX cowtetteHn, ETO TETO MOXHTO PACCMatr- DMSATH KAK :KECTKYIO CKCTEMY pHATON HW TAIOKE CSTETATH Hocroaunoll BeaMsWot ‘COXPAHEHVE PABHOBECHA “ioGas Gopt6a vasnuacres 16 ctoiixn, Kora copreMex TOM Ha Horax H HAXOAHTEH B BepTUNKALIBHON onORKEHTE. Tlosrowy Soett pit nevnKeMiNN AOmACH Y"UIFMIBATE SAKOHHL ‘coxpatieiita pannonecits. B npouccce 6opHGbr A BiAKOT- owes araxylouloX Aeficroisll oman cropreseH CTpeNITes muieer#t cBOErO MpOTIRHIIKA HE CocTOMA yeTOIITBOCTH, ‘nroOki OMPORHBYTS Fo Ht TATAME, & pyro! — coxpannTe, {yeroiiunsocTh H CHEAT TO AE CO CHOI TIPOTHDIHEKON. ‘OnwaKo pit witweneHIMt NpOTHUATIKA M3 pasHoRecIe ara yfottnl Goett Taoxe TepseT paBHOBEcte, NOCKOMBKY HBO Init Takie spwxctiA Ger HoTepH paBHoncen HeBoIMOx- no. Taxi oGpasoM, pit GopaGe oGa croprestena nenpe- DMUHO TepaIOT #f HoocTAHABMUNAIOT PasHonect Tlepsoe yexonste, npr KoTopoM Goew MOXET BEIMONNTD amiokewta, Hanpapiienrbte x slocrioxcitto oOeaIs, — Me ‘oGxomnMocTs Coxpasicntx onopss, Bose NOHO, ATO #0 pens Gopsbst O68 cHopreMenia uMeIoT omopy, HO OHA Moxer Gur pasmmioll. Crenewh ycroitunmocrt xa 310fi fOnope sabueur OT mpiuiaTore Golluom nonoxeHus vera (osicorss pacrouioaenus ieHTpa TawoCTI, BemNHHDL TAO ‘mann ONOpHt, DOOKCHUA OTMECHON MUU cro HeHTPA TH ‘RecTIt Ha HHToMARH onopll), & TaIOKE OT zeHloTHHER MAUI, ‘coxpaHnioMIK 370 HosToxcAE FIpopeccopost M. Hsamiuean yerautopetio, #70 1e1T7> “rwxccrt HeTOREMECKOTO TEA NH BLINPRMIEHTIOM HOSOAC- ‘Mn WaNOMUATOA 8 NpeaeAAX OF slepHOTO ZO FHTOTO KPECTLO- sx To3BOHKOH. -15- Obuutit uenrp rexecrH (OLLT) swataerea To¥KOH mpHLI0- ‘ents cima TEKeCTH (Paviogelicrayioutlt). B casa ¢ Te sro OLKT snnseres He Matepiaeaoll TOUKOM B Tene 4eI0- Beka, Ou MOKeT HAXOIITTECH I BUE Mpegedos ero Tena (upKt CHTBHOM Hakone HAM mpornGe), [pw GopEse ¢ HaMeHeuH- ext BaaINATOrO pactloTOxeAUIs wacreit Tea OGOUX copTeMe- Mow {mpm saxeate) y Hx Gyner oGpaxonsimarbex OLLT ci ccremut aByx tex, B aapneunocTa oF aBroxtexits oGoux Gop- nos 1x OLIT TaKake Gyzer cooTBeTETBEINIO ITIMENETE BOC MECTONOHIOKEHE: HO]HBIATBCA, CHYCKATECA, BBINOIUTH 3a mnpeseast Tera. Tlepesemene OILT cnopreseva, ne coman Horo € 38XBATOM € TPOTABIEKOM, pH AMIOKEHINK B 6OPLEC de tiene anaueressHO: MpAKTHECKH MOXNO TONYCKATE, WTO, OUT Gola waxomnren B muKHeH acon TynomML. Foam cuopresen cTont, noua onopst o6pasyerex ‘onopitolt loxepxnocriio Cros! H TEM MPOCTPACTBOM, KOTO- poe sakmoverio Mekay HAE. B npoueece Gopsbut wane ‘cero Goilust KoHTPOTPYIOT SpHTETLHO HSMeHEHU ILLOUt ait ontops, B 3ToM cay'we ILtOuLAss OROpB BKMONAET HO- epxitocte rlogomia o6ywnt oGeuX Crom H MpoctpaHteTBo Meway sons. B sanueMocra oF nonoxeHN Tea cnOpreMeHa us\e~ wagren nome oroput, Ecrecrseuno, 10 vest Gombe rutoltans oxiopt, ext Gozbie crenene yeroliamaocrs (Goer, seer Gonbme BosMoxHOcTH auts sepenewienne OLLT Gea Mapyutess paswiovechs). Papuooecue eapyiiaeres, Kora orpecias mins OLIT npxGnrxaetea x npezenam Wioruas foulopal auixoair sa nee. TIpu nepeMsirxcRn O¥eHE BAK Ho, SToGbI oTvecKax KIM LeHTpa TAKECTH HaXOTIUIACH Gamae x ueNrpy mnoulaaut onopit —~ sro HaHtGomee Gxaro- Mpusrioe nowoxeHMe Ax ycroituMBOCTH Tea. CCrenom yerotimsocrit Tea enopremena » onpexe.tex- HOM Hanpasiewin xapaxTepiayeTca yrOM yoTORuUEBOCTH. Yrnom yeroituaocri npuisro HassiBaTD yrox, oGpasonait- mutt yenonHoi stem, onyijenHol oT uieHTpa THKECTH x lottope, ¢ yexomtolt sme, coeamscoutclt uewrp TexeCTA ~6- ce xpaearetomaa onopst, n croposy KoTopoit oripentenseT- ca crenent, yeroiiusnocra Tex. Taxits o6paaoxt, yrom ye- rollansocru Gyget pacrit © TOMIEKEHMES UCHTpa THACCTAT ‘Tena, yaemNeiNleM onopdolt moWANH H yawIeHHes IEEE ‘remeeTM OF Kpas M-TOMAMKE oTOpE. Tlocravossio vo Epes SopL63: Howsnpe NocTamT Hors HW CoruyTs 1x, WTO6iX NoMOKeHMe Tena cra0 Boxe Yoroi- onpuist. OnthKo CHMNEKOM UNPOK paccranmenEie WI cittkHo cordysite noru yMenuraior OMLeTpoTy HepeMente- ‘ms Tema enoprewesia, Tpit exHKKOM IMMpOxo Paccrannen- HBX HOIaX HeBoAMOXDO OGeCTEWITE XopoUyIO yeroltsI- OCTE BO RCeX NAmIpAALTEAX, HanGoxtee texecooGpaatioe Hexonuoe rosoxenme 201i om notxenit p Gope6e HasbisacTe cTofiKoii Gopu. ro owoxeHie cteayloulee: eryMHi pacnonoxesb! HewNOCO lutmpe Taiew, oaka wora (ipanax iu esas) sbteraBneta Bnepea Ha RUNNY oRNo!t CTOIILL; MOTH B KowTeNAX cxeTKA CCOrTyru, math He HampmxeNH COXPANAKOT ToTOBHOCTS x Gwiorptin neperaroxenitay 8 uoG0M HaMpanteMtr; TY.10- imme cHerka slakNOWeHO wnepesL, 2 IIe, cOOTMETETAYIO™ Ince seictasrenviot unepex sore, Hexsioro MoREpHYTO B TY ‘xe cropony. Ocoboe BHMNANIE CIeyeT OBPALIET Ha HO- oxexue OLT, xoropsit Zone HaxomeTbex an copes ofl TuTomas oops (Mey CTYHUHNH CHOHTK HOF), HoRMOWeHIIeM cayrtien woInOTMEW aTaKyIOUNNK neficrDMti ‘Vacititk yron YcroHMNBOCTH B «conacKoM Haman iy MORHO BRICTAMIENHEM c3ANI cTosmICit HOTT Brepen luna oTcrantenteM Brepexi crosmelt MOTH Hasax B TAKOC ronoxeiate, 4To6sI erotik CoxpaMitnach, a «oslattoe Ha- [npaniienmie> oxasasloce B TporvoriozoRHo%t CTOPOHE. TIpi nepensioxeiat # crolixe o6ussMo mepmut wowenr mmvexeTMA ComDai€ wiTBeREEDIEN REPTUKACT LeHTpa THKECTHL Sa niepemioro rpaiwiy NAOMI onopsL T. HapyulentieNt pasnoseeits. Ostiako mp nepemsurxerit Teta w Gopsée, Fe anefime® noTepa pagnonecis MoaeT Osim Heuonss0RaNa IMpOTHEHHIKOM 218 ATAKN, NEpEMOCHT TmaecTH Tena 38 MIpe- awe roms OMA ONOPKE HAND oodEeHEIO ocTOpORHO. Boe ne- PecraHonxi HOF, EIN OnM Me eaaxtsc aTaKOi, HeOOKOm- No npornwomirs coriacuo enenyouuin Mpamiant: HANTS epeamioxeutenoceaa ¢ worst, Gmail x sampansesnuo ne- AKIN, pH ITOM HOT CTRBIETS aK, WOOK 8 ee Ne nepentocrs epany noc Tena. 30 HYANO Jens HOCTeNeHTO a Moneurr nepecranoax nor OL{T nepetect a nory, po- “rmportonoatyio nepecTannseMoll, saTew Nepewocri Na nepe- raansenyto NOTY POADETe Tea H TONETABHTH sPyTYO HOTY Hea TaROE paccTosHe, "OGL SAHETE HOOKEIINE Covi Tipit raxoxt enocose nepementenit HOF space connaet- 1 woaMoxaoers yoomrvexiix yexa yeroitunpocritw tapas {ew NepensiCReMIG, a ENeAOBATENBHO, H BOSdOXHOCTE Gutcrporo DoccTanopseuis NoTepAHOrO. paByosECi pi nepeamaciat » croix. Bo ncex esysatx ne ereayer noreranneTb omy Hory SGyuexo x apyrol ome nepexpeuuAwar ix, TAX KAX TPH TAKOM repeamnxcini Gyser coxesaTbEK comlaetoe Hanpannesiten I crOPORY AnvaciHx OCHORHOIt acm Tena, a cmemONATEAL- uo, GULETpAR oTepA PANHOBECH, ROCETaKOMTE KoTOPOC Gyact oxens Tpyao. Tpaswibian crofixa Gotta npaonimsnce HepesowRe via eomtaior Gaaronpuismnic yexomis AM AKTHBHOTO CO- "RPOTHARCHS pt ABIPAEIDNRK SMITE, a THWORE pH #TaRY- vous acicraiex. Hiawinag arary, cxopreweu oto tontoranmreaet & nor raxmseckieaeiicrauiaot. Ips npanicisitok ero xe 20x acicrons avaxyiomero aanpysvenst, saulsmavore yes nerve coxpaiian, pantioneen, B MOMeHT aTSKH mIpO- ‘pmmka sammmaouien MOxET COXpauGITE noxoxKENE roiten exzsynonasn enocoSast + manpoxermtest sou ¥ dpixcaugett noex sacreit Tema 2 npeagiest osoxeH; + nepexentenest ocuossofl waccst Tena 8 cTOpoHy, MPO- "WRONOIOXHYIO PABKY ILE TO:XIKY MpOTIEHUTKA 18 Hojio6iomy axruatioxy conporiesensio axe e006: ‘emyer nee ero Tesia, B orienbinsx caysasx acrh yout porIEMa MoxnO HeitypamoonaTh Hyrexe puceabTeM ‘o1meTbMAX SacTefh Tena (PYK, epxitelt uaeTH rynOBHINA) & Henmx amopriniai ero youu TIpaputswoe noxoxeiwe sor x TysOBMUNA, HesOUNEX xopoltyio omopy, coztaer 6raronpaaTutie yesouna se BoeX ‘mux aelicrauit. Araxylouuit omxeH CrpoxTs Bee cBoH ‘A1axal ¢ yuCTOM noTepIt I Coxpaniesbs pauHonecHs POTS uxom, Muorne mpiesst cassanst ¢ movepell pannonecus rena aTaxytouunt Gofiyos. Takan noreps paaHopecsts. co- ‘er GaronpHATHMe YonOBNA LIK YoHLACHE aBOKCITIN # anpenaeiutt, n KOTOpOM yror YeroitRBOCTH MpoTUBMINKA Moaer 6u:Te mpeonosis. Apurserie sauuerit Takae sticto octopants Ha norepe pasionecis, B Tom ciysae saumuaoundien mw sauetTe couuer B Hanpanennn traKs HenpeoomUMA yroH YeTOTE ‘untocrit st eHeT HlOTEpH pannozecn & NPOTHEBOHIOKOKHY:O cropony. ‘Ha ncnosissoxarnint roTepit passionccun ocHomata 1 TeX- suka Gops6e1 n naprepe. OSu'Ao Op#t BiAHIO:IHeNNE TPH ‘ew (Gpocka Hn nepewopora) ® nuprepe ataxylountit 1a- lupanuaer aainacie OcHOBHOM Maccét Tes enOcTO NpOTH- ‘uisa cnmioll x ratasm, Jaumunatouniicx pacnonaraer cnoe ‘Teo Kix MoxHO HyKe, sasnIMacT Gomnuyio Texoma’ ono [pH Ht Tipu nopopore cowtaer p Haupawstenw aTaKK Yenpe~ ‘omit yrom ycroitanBocTs, YroGwr ynepaart nporuetnxa cHiMof BHI Ht TpmKTS ero nOMATKAMIE K THTaMH, ATAKyIOMi pactiomaract CHE ero Tak, $7OOK w HanpawteHML TlosopoTa poTHBIIEKA Como BBepX TaKAC CONANT HENpEONOAMMB YTOH Yo- ‘oitwnnocts. Saunmaromuciea, naxosxes cmHort BHNS, crapaeTeA KaK Moxxo smile notare OLT nporimatka. C soft weno ‘on saimmvacr nonoakcre «socms. Yexe ruGue cnoprextt, ee -xpyte ¥ Hero Moer, TeMt Meubue yroxt yeToifsuBoctit y 000- 3 x Golluop H TeM nerve sauuiutatoMleMye WoKePHYTECR cemmiolt waepx. Ha arose pine & GopeGe ockoRasts sce ynepaca- ng yxOuB! OT TK B Gops6ec oven BaxHO HAYSUTLCK COxpanlT YeToItE oe TiosOxeHIe Tea KaK ATAKYIOWIEMY, TAK i SaMUMMLAFOMe yea. 9ro socruraeres + yaewitea Geicrpo HaMensTs osoxeime Tena, Ysem- "wimax crencib yevo%sumocTH B «omtacHx Hampance- [HUAX», 1 RepexBUTaT eo ¢ HARMENBININM OTKTONE- tem orsectoit manus weterpa TaKeCTIE OF cepeaMNst uioUIRAKE onOpsI, AKTHEHO coNPOTUBAAKCE aleiicTHN- st nporuennisa, + yMenites nenomisosaT» noTeplo pasKosectix APOTHT- Fnnwow i oTepI0 paBtronecu cBoerO Tea B MEX Yeu eM ATAKH, SAMGITEE Ht KOHTpATARH, MEXAHM3M ABWKEHMA B MPHEMAX Dna noxyiemus peaynnrara » GoptGe, mpeae Yes mpi ‘xaTs npovumnKa crmoll X TaTURGL, GPOCITE ero Ha CIMMEY ‘nau auinommntrs Gostenoit npitem, ero HeoBxomuMo sIpesa- PIFTeNBHO CHPOKHNYTE B ropUsOHTAMbHOE HOOXEHTE. B octione MexaHiowa arose» TexriKe GopeGet Acar ‘aKIEE ARIDKEHNR, KOTOPSIE NPILIMOT Tey MpoTAMAKA Bp neste » onpeserentiow warpanictnt. Or Haupanrennis 2a ‘kel Tena HpOTHBHUIKA Tpit eFo Nlosopove samucuT dhopwa HMexaiiEnd aawaeruis aTaKyIoutero Gofita, Ecak npoTisHt- a MlopopasnsaTe m3 croliKic wa Taran w HanpaAAeMTA crit Mbt HH pysiH, TO BpalTeHe nporoALeT BoKPYF HonepeN- noit oca, Ho xacanis Tara coumoit ran rpyabI0 Te0 ero HonepHcTes Ha yron, pABHUIA npHGmewtTenNO 90°. Bro spatvalliit nye ao naneHis Tea MpoTHBUaKA Ha TaTAN. HauGonee nesecoobpaso GpocaTe mporsisatka Ha ci- Hy: uMeerex GomEuas BOaMOKHIOCTS HOGHTECH Giro no — 20 cua, Tostoy Manpanenye slosopors 8 cTopoHty cath upornanmxa nanGonee wuiroslo 218 avaKyrosnero 1 1t1G0~ sive onwewo 22K NpoTHBHIKa. OznlaKo MpoTHAHUK oG8r4It0 ‘conporimnseres sTomy — Hakxonseres snepea, ovcTanaeT ory Maxam H cower # 9TOM Hanpanaewt Henpeozomm- utii yrou yerolummocts, Tp taxom nomoxemnt Goei, Meet RoaMORHOCT OMPOKINYTE MpOTHBHLEKA CHAN NIE ‘y ApyrMx Hanpamtenstsx: GoKowoM wan nepestiew. Tipu onpoxn.tumarna sazonaromerocs 8 GoKOBBIK Ha npannenusx ua 90° ow ynazeT TouGKo Ha GoK. UrO6%! 6po- citth ero Ha eminry, samNaiomeMyes MeoGxosMO MpIULATh Lapamterte ozonpeMenio Ha noctegonarembiio B AByX ampassenx: noxpyr nonepeswoii (nepeswesazmel) i BOK pyr mporoaskois oci, Yrasr nogopora 8 obonx cxyasx Gyayt 0 90°, Kpowe Tore, wosmoxkeH NoBopoT B sanite- GoxoBoxe tanpaniiciitt BOxpYT KOC HaNIpAREMIOR oct. ror nonopot Goulee BuIToReH, TAK KaK yroa MOBOPOTA Gyaer npuGrirxarbca «90° 9 onwoM HenpaBaeut Tipit onpoxiuuananut nporiernka 8 neperutes NanpaL nem om ynaxer ToaBKO Ha rpyAb, Has Toro "TOOK Gpo- ‘carb ero & 9TOM Manpamsemat cxmHof Ha TaTana, ero TEC ooGxOZHMo HoxepHyTS HowTH Ha 270°, Fopasao susToaHee nosopasninate 2anvaaioueroes 8 nepeateGOKOBOM Harrpas~ seit noxpYF Koco nanpanensofi oc. Brom ease you, rosopota yaeununsres 0 180°, Taxus e6pasom, mpaxra- OOK ECTS BOBMOATOCTE MOBOPANHGATE TeO HpOTHBHIKA 1 Gpocerh ero Ha TATAMH cIHOM BHIES B EOCENE KaTpAB~ srentaX. COxstaxo nouepuiysh MpoTHBHNKa epasy Ha CTY OCH ‘Tpyiito, Tax KaK Tor, iNBeraN MopaAxciu, SAMMUMINETCR Ccxpesirtes YnacTh Ha TaraMM TPYABIO BHI B cass c oT Gombitoe npiMeHeNe Tosywet pH- fexts, sph KoTOpHEX NPOTHHIAKA mpenBaputeMBHO OMPOKI- [AUBAIOT Ha TATAMHE IPYABIO BHU (B NapTep), a 3aTEM TOHO- AMUBGIOT BUH cro Tlepaie npuesn nomysan was9asine nepevonOs, a BTO- hie — nepenoporon i Spock. To wexamy swinxenrn nepevonst anastornts Boe ocramtamie mpueMane w croiiKe — numosimorex 6pockom 1 coaruparnten. Tepesopors: nporamanca is NoOEAS rpysMO Hie B nonoxertte emit pin ocytecransiores Boxpyr nonepes- oil, npoonsitil 1 Koco Hapamientnsx ove ame wCeTO 2 Goxouuix H nepesneGoronux nanpansewusx. Honeer10 sts nanGouee nenecooSpastsx wanpantenA MepevOpOTOS. Tpit Kanpaarenix 18 NoRopora (® cropowy Hor) peckAa saerpyanareaeis. Bo soex nanpanrermax Teno nporunnKa Heo6xomo hosopauiart m naprepe coHKOR awe upxGaueMLiO va 180°, Taxine oGpanow, exami smanxenntt 8 Gopese 2a ‘waeTex Tou, 47OGkt TeAy poTKOHINKA NpILATe ypantestAe Doxpyr panmemnax oceit a pasmuruuze yrust ToBopoTa BosMoxwiocTs nosepsyTb Teo npoTuninna B pasnaHOM anpaasewune pues K co2zaKiu0 pasHooSpaoH Mp eMob, MRNONOMN ABIPRCHNX yk, HOT W TyOBIMN aTa- rytoatero. B nacromice spews xo veex pizaX enmoGopers macurritsaetex npuBauaieTensio 30 ocHowmx ccrantt (py npuesos) 8 crofixe 1 oxoxo 15 — w naprepe (nexa) Tipu ato% nponexossr Henpepuanii npouece Goran ‘exc aagaeines sudepepenuiauta Texureckax nel cra Boe pues GopsGat ocnowanin ua. Guontexameeckx IpHKUMaX oxpeKTHBHIOCTA, SKONOMIN CLL M MpocroTSL ages, Mexanin swoxewni» rexuKe Gopher nocr- Pct sua MOMCHETE DpanneHNx Tena NpoTHEHEKe. Vineet, 10 nosKoe wpaulenie ecrb pesysbra j= crews nape cm. Tlozrosy, aKameanpys Texiniky Bop16t, Neoxomio CwOTpETS, KAK Te IME Me ZDIOKTIMLE coMa- JOT b mpenax napy cin, Rosopaymsmouyr0 Teo nporuD- ona» oupenenexom aipanieruss, Mexanitst aeuca —2- npitewax Gopui MoxNO paBneMTs Ha TPH ocHOBHIE pynmat + Gpocxi; + chammauns 1 nepenoporst: + nous, yep 1 Gonessre mpHtest Bpocxi poasookins 8 peyanbrare Tax cHAMBDE 1H0KC- tuait araxyioulero, MH KoTOpLAX OGpasyeres Maps ci, HOBO ppwutmaloMas Teno HPOTUAIIKA BOXPyT OTHOCITEILHO CH0~ Goan ocell, 70 ecTk € OTPHIBON. EPO OT TATAMM H HOHETONS resta » poulyse. Tak, nanprvep, npr Gpocke Hepes cmuny osm luapa ci coamaeTes € NOMOIO PLIBKALs HEPKHOIO act ‘et TpOTHBIUEKA, a Zpyrak — 9a CHer NoAGUBA TaSOH B ero moxmo10 acre Tyx0mmE (wurKe OLIT), Tipu muoGo Gpoexe ofa mapa cibt selicruyer w onstoM rmarpanstennn (psiwox pyKAMAt Him TOAKOK TysOBAIEM 1 YEE), 8 Apyra — » poTHBoTOTOAHOM KanpaRENA 1 ange OL{T nporiiansa (Hon6u8 Horod wus Ty:ToWHeN, vaxnat pysoil x 1.11). pw Opoceax 8 eToiixe m naprepe MexXAMIEMC aNIDKeHIE, COMIOIUIN skapy CILT, aMAOTH=¥EN. B naprepe apioxesuit ormnIOTES Tem, sro Omwa cia Malte xcierayer sntxe OLKT nporumnka, 10 epxrano © Bomb veli Nomansio OOPS! NpoTHMNKA, a czenOBATEMBNO, 1 ¢ Goemvon yrstasme yeroitutocr Buantosente yaeppkaul, 2OATIWOS 1 Gosentax nprieMon 8 naptepe Taxwe caxaH0 ¢ CoMRaIBteM oMIpesteTeHKOrO MoMeHTa spanients, Ontaxo mpw BsutOAMEIIaL 2HK pH ceoe ocoBentio ninktioe aiaenke mpwoGperuer MpasiutbHoc entonbaosanie 3aKOMa purrs. Tipu npoverent nono6isix npremon waxGonee cytie- cernentiofi tactiio nauisloTea 2axBaTM X pacriosloxeise Beca Ccroero Tea Ha TAKOM IUIeNE para, KOTOpAAI saMICTENE= hho serpin Git w cre 1 coanaRa LEpOTHBHNEKY pH YROE ‘of gaxnata Hempeowonnisit yrom yeroiluuBocTa, Bo ppenst GopLOn w maprepe pasmiyarores pa xapeK- ‘opm MOMCHTA CLT] — MOMENT cHLtA Hamraest 1 MO- ss Ment cuit comporuavienia, Mowesroxt ciuasi conporitee- [HMR suUAeTR MOMENT CILTBL TAFH! LIM CTOPTEMEHA pH. ernGawi unk paarnGasnH ACTH Tena B TOM MAH mo eyerane omnociTeno oci aToro cycrasa (BayTpeHHHE hist). Moyer om civns Nanajlenis spseTea MOMEET CHAS ‘TANI MOTHBHUIKA TUK MOMENT Beca eTO Tea, TpRAOKEH= vail K MecTY AXBATA NIC BKIMOHENHNA AWKENER OTHOCH- ‘Temisto ck cycrama (ateunt7e cine). cnt npu onpeneensnn woxcettra crumb MBIITUBE ce Ha- paKcHNE JI AaHOO MIHOHEMNK YenOBHO CHHTATH 3a RCI MOCTOSHY!o, TO REAMYUHEA JFOTO MOMeiITA NIpH cruGawi Gyner sauncers or mucus P (pue. 1, a). Tipe as Mexenmim nonoxeMis KocTeR 8 eycTase, MpOlLCKOBsUIeN [NpHt BBuTOmHeHINN TOTO DLTH HOrO sRINKENES, IOMEHRETER auuna neta MBN P,, a ctexOBATENEHO, MoMeHT CHU estan (puc. 1, 6). Howenenme suimaet autewa same cumaHo © WaMeHoHHeM yraa, 10 KOTOpHIM JleHerayiOr Axaoonpys paGoune Asuxemta YenoBe¥ecKoro Tema, H. Cescsion ycravioniu, so «rara paGoraer c wasnientanelt norepell n civie, com OMA aclicrAyer Ha PHCIAT NOR yrOM, alo OTKTonaIONUIMeH OT MpaMoro, H TONKA ee MPHTOXE- suet x porary (oxonIesHomy) dei 2a MecTOM NpILIOKe- naz rpysa», B nates cay'ae — 3a tlewTpoM TaeKeCTH Tepe- uauraeworo potiara. B cog c 91M B pasmuvanx cyerasax MowedrT cimot omtntht Nput nocrosnio# Bema ec HarpaxcHn Gyxer ieuexsrbca, B noxterom cyeTabe Mpit cruGast PyKI NOX yrrowt 100° Mower cbt suammes, cruGaronei pyxy, 6y- her HanGonsuma; NH WaMeHeHiIE yraa MOMENT CHUTE {YMeMbuiaeTos H cTAHOBICTea HaMMeNBITIIM Tpit BBINPAMUIE- oft pyke, MoMeHT CHET Muni, paarHOalomell pyky, ‘TaKXE HOMCHRETER B ARHCHMOCTHE OT TOWOKENIA PYRH (pwc. 2,6). B Kostentos, TasoGenpenons 1 miieweHoM cy cramax m sapueuMocrH oF yrta cruGayra w pasrH6anTix ‘Take |IpOUCKORUET YBOMIMCHME H YMEHBUIEHINE MoNerITA comet ssa B mpaxtuxe GopsGni naSatozaerox enrcatytonee: mpi He- osereoMtestex HaIspsKeHHN MBLDIE EPOTHBANKA CTO PYKY. MinpmuneNaiyio w oKTeNOM cYeTARE, COnKYTE TpyAHes, Yeo eMHoTO cornyTy!o, H HAOBOPOT, YAEpAATS ee B BAITPRM- Pre. 2 = “ReHHOM Monoxemt sere, NeM pasorHyTb, Tak >Ke TPYANO ‘Orly! KOTY B KOTEHHOM Mt TasOGeNpEHHON CYCTABAX, HO fem ona cornyra @ THX eYeTARAX, TO YAepxATH ee IU ‘COrnTS cule ave, NeeMOTPs Ha COMPOTHRIENNE TpOTHe- ua, yae tere, Yaepxarb 1revo Tponiunuka OmsKo kono TyZOBHUIa OTHOEITTEALMO aerKO, OTKECTH cro TPYA- vee, K TyoaMmy, KOA neo MporImSHNKa CTBEZeHO m eropony, lograuyrs ero K TynoBmMuly TpyZNO, YACpATH sacrie, Yonersigas 970, {UI onpestencuHoro MpHeaa Yeneco: ‘OGpantio 2AXMATEIBATE KOHEIHOCTL B TAKOM HONOKCHIMN, B KoTopoM 3erpara cui Gyner Mauatembue!l Taxno o6pa20M, MOMEHT cHLTiH conpoTHasenns sasweuT for yrna cruGani KoHeNHOCTA % cycTaBe, & MOMENT ciLTSt ananeniig — OF Remi Toes CH H BEML Hp sraraeMoli cima (rare mit rpy34), Hapccrio, #10 vex samune of TOUKK onops (HN TOHKH psautets) npuutowena civ, TeM Coste pur. TIpH 370s vuens Gunwe X MpaMOMY YIay HanpaBseMMe jelicrens cit va paar, Tea Gonbine rixewo casts (pic. 2 2,6). Yea Gos lag. ruta npHtoweia K TOMY TuIewy, Tem GombuMMit s0- Tipaxrissecki pe yaepacain, oANIMe M BLuTIONTEHN Gonevoro Tiprenta YeetuuesMe MoMeHTa ciLIB HanaTeHAR ZMDLCHT OF enenytouuny sficraut ‘+ saxnava Texa MporHpinska IC MpHtowerEs crumb W TAS Kot aecte, KoTopoc oGecrewmmaeT HaHGombuee 11 0 pwara; + pactonoxxenis HantGosinero neca Tera Ha rosy fbi TAKIN gaxnaTOM pAOAr H BKMONEHI B YCILIE nanGombusero KomsvecToa suurewtorx rpyrin, cnoco6- Cerayionux BinomHeMino AaHHOrO penta; “+ srexenuia manpanaeinia yous To Mepe HMenensta onoxesHa para B LEMAX wanpaWsentIN 9TOTO Yeu jana nO HpaI! YeHOS K paEIALY (NO KAcarTeRMHOM xk Tpackroprn ppanens Tena). Tak, Hampusep, 11pH — 2 nepesopore pariaroM cxeayeT HAKTANDIBATE PYRY HE Ha elo, a Ha 3ATALIOK, a APYFYlC pyky OTHOAILTS Gans K AOKTIO KpOTHBNKA H pHAMAATE ec X CBO cli rpyatt, Casana ueo6xoavo jan 1a, 24 TELTOK. ‘TOO BIT, @ TO Mepe HaKIONa ToNOBLL — BEDE ce6e, ‘3ro Hao senaTe OGenNN pyKAM H rpyAbIO, ‘yuUUpaxch MOTAMI B TATANHL, H MKIIONATS, MOS ‘peero Teta & paGory B 9M sanpap.tenmn, SaxsaTuisath pyky Ha Gonenofl MpueM cxcayer B BUFO [MoM TionoxewM: NH phrtare TOKE — npsMyIO PYKY, NOH amare ysiom — cornyryio pyky. 3aXar BBITONHAIOT aK MAIO AANbUIE OF KORTE, "TOG OGecrewIrTh HaNGoxbuiee xe putvars. Tip aoxumax ot yaepacanuan chopreMer omKEH pactio “narat® coe TeIO NO BOAMOKKOCTH HON HIPADBIM YFHON K ‘ely MpoTHBINIKa Hint CouLABATR PacrioMoxKeHNeM cBOErO “Ten Hf CBOHM BeCOM TAKOE TUCO pHAArA Ht TAKOS TaBHC- ine, IpWt KOTOPAIS MPOTHBAIKY HeDO:MoAHO MODepHyTECH yl we saxsara, “Taxnat opazon, Mexanuiaxs aelicrsili mpm pesnosierint inprenos » Gops6e sakctiowacTes B TOM, "TO CTPYKTYpS Np emo cocrawiAcr taHSonee nexecoobpasuyto napy cx, Tae 9roro ‘keuaTeaBHlo, 7OUBK MpH Gpockax, epesoporax ‘cuamiznaninax eiiabt ataKyloutero GBH NpHLTOKEMBE 0 BOI- MoxHocTH Ito oGenM cropowaM of OLIT mporupstsKa 1 tnanpanstess» pasitiie cropous. Tpu stow 8 coorweTerEIDE fe 3aKoMAMH MExAHHIKH 9TH CHIH MexecoOGpantee HapaD- [AAT pHBMIEUTeNIHO TOA UPHMBIM YAO K Tey NPOTHD- uKa w 110 KacaTembMtot & TpueKTOpHH er0 wpaMterA. ITO lnacr nanSoree BLIrOAABIe COCTABIAIOMNE Jui TlOBOPOTA {rena POTHBMEKA 12 HepTHKATBHIOTO TOTONEHNA W TOPH- SoHTanHoe Ht 18 ToNOseHHK CMIHOM uBePX R MOTOXCHIE cenmuott nats Mexanvene acficraill npit yaepacaniax, Axia 3t 60- LHeBSIX IpHemaX COCTOHT 11 IPHAOMeHWA MACCEI CROETO -7- ‘Tea 1 poca K HanGoulee uucroaMoMy miewy puisara ¥ aK: ‘upnoro akmowews 8 paGoTy HaMGonsunNx stmewutx rpyaa. Zia npasntbworo eunonuesms pelicrani » naprepe snyaato ysers: + sulontiaTs aaxBeT KoHeMIOCTI B-TAKOM HoTOAEHT, ora MostciT ee coupotumseaia Gyaler HARMEMDUTIN + oasitnare uxrasioe conporunnente seiicrsH%4 :ipo~ ‘wax, Henomsy mu oULAe OOP KX Beate ‘enna yrma yeroiiusoct, + yenontsomrs notepio yerolksmocrs mporxananKa 18 Komtparakit, + nopopasisare mporusuiaxa BoKpyr ove, umeioux awnembunct MOMENT UuepLI (pono H KOCO Hanpanseiiibts), © YMETOM ero YETOHINHBOCTH H HaH panei akruBHoro comporaauena ‘SNEMEHTEI TEXHMMECKMX AEMCTBHIA Tipuey: Gops6u: npeaeransaer coGol exuioe (uesoerHoe) aeflermte, cocromuee Ha Omnesbinx mpocrex (oTeNeNrap- ruin) anipceruth, coeuiiesnisx wexay coGolt 8 npoctpas cerve 1 npenert Kenai upieM cocroirt 19 upocresx asicxeHnit pyKa non, Horasar i TyzoRMMEM. Drt anExetAS HassiBaIoTeR swevetrapmtanat, Venosio ® 6opase pantiwior enexyroxe oneMenTapaBte ABHExCH + asvoreinix pyr — saxaar, o6xar, npn, oF ‘TauKiBalle, PMBOX, TOAYOR, Tara, YNOP, AxaIMAHNe 1s + aBixeuns wor — nomcrannesite, nepecrannene, oreranene, sauaruoanne, crvBanme, pasriOaate, ppasex, sates, OR6ND, NaKTaZDIBAHMe, NOMTAMRNA: se, yMop 1 3p. =m Haxnolt, sbinpstente, mporu6, Ronopor, ToAYOK, NpioKTaHTEe, NANeHe wap. B xaxnoo mpitese couepaureR MeckomKo seMesTTaD- nsx pinsoxenii, 91M ABMExCHMNR CoemEMEH MEAKAY COBO! D fonwo uesoe. Jacrb Amokett| suunontseTex oxHoNpeMert- io, NacTh — B onpesexeNNofl HocnesoRATETBHOCTT. TAABA 3 TEOPETHYECKHE OCHOBbI TEXHHKU YJAPOB HOPAMH HW PYKAMH ioeneaousnus Kuno 1 porowrrepiiazon noxasaan, ¥rO ce YaApei HOTAMiE MOxHO YeTOMNO parIAeMITS NO CeAyIO- UI MpHHAKAME HO TEXINKE TpoReAeHHR, Mo ypoRHIIM povenenia, ro Kanpascema mpoveneis, 0 crocobaM hnpovesetuns, 1o ecrax npopenenis, Mo mevaxe nposedeiny yapot eaRTeR na npoHMKato- hte, noaGnbaroue H MaxoHNe. Tips mianontenma npostxaiomux yaapow Hors noaHoc- ‘Tyo suinpaxcaseTes w KomenHtoN 1 TaIOSeapentioM cyeTaKAN ‘na Goutee KoMMeITpEpORATIHOTO sAIBEREMIEN HHI¢peA ystEp- ofl noneprnoct eyerus, Tipit exnonennin nojGusaiouux yaapos ocuooKas Ha [pYsKA mpuxoAMTeA ia obMpadcIeKNA KoxeHEIAL cyCTaR, xoToputit asnserea ocho BpAUeALIS FOC, B axoanix yaupax ebinomisetes mHpoKoe anaurrys Hoe aBixcHIte MpaMoh Horotl lo ypooues nposederaws yaapet xeanrea ia HEE, cpex- Tiposesenite yaapos norasat n0 10KOMY ypoRHO oxBa- ‘Tanger sony MHAEIIX KoxteHocTeH TIposenene yrapon Horas 10 epeaweny yponstIo ox- arsiwaer sony yom —90- iponenentte yaapos HOraMit To RepAHIENy ypouttO Ox ereumaer 20Hy eK Hf PosIORK Ho vempassermxs npocederner ynapss esstTex Ha Yaapes Iiepea, Ha, w CropoRy, KPyTOROM! Hast, No Ayre apy ‘Ay, MO ATE BEyEDS. Ho cnocoban nponederna — wa yaapi, eetTomsemise 363 Innikoro KonoxeWsl — Reka, CHA, CTOR HA KOLIEHSK; Ha Yikipbt, RBITOAAEMBIC 63 MOTOR CTOK 1K OmOMT Hore; hia Yaapss, abMOTHAEMBIE B MpEOKKE. Ho mecman nposedenes ype NeAsTeA Ha yaapLl KONE: stom, TosleHBIO, OcHOBAHIE HATKH, BHEMIHE!T croponoll UMFK, OCHOBAMHIEM CTONI, HostKeMOM TOI, BICUItti ‘eropoKolt cron, sutyrpemieH cropouolt crorts, Taknw Spanos, MOANO sLYIemETE BOCEME YaRspos HO- risur, Kabea 18 KOTOPLEX HMEeT cwOIT KIOMeBOI seMesT hewoinens, smzatouuicx opteHTupos, wa ocHioBE KOTO poro hopsampyfores Ganee etoxane poscracnanie Epyait hpuemon. IP KoNeHOM. PANO, KPYTOBOM, + ya + yaap woroft snepex nsrxof, cronioil, wockoM, site + yaap noroit nasa, merxoit, noxomBoft, ‘+ ynap Horolt # cropony pe6pow: cron, + xpyronoii_yaap uoroit sntepest HocKom, monHeMON + -Kpyronoit yap noroft nasa, nsrKol, nosownol; + yaap uoroll no syre sueunell cropowofi, suyrpentett eropowol: + yap @ mpscxie KoreHoN, norolt wnepes, Nase, ¥ €1O- Powy, Kpyroxofi unepea, Kpyrowoil Hasas, =a METOAMHECKHE PEKOMEHAAUMH fNIa OBYYEHMS YOAPAM HOTAMM Hasiutaromemy, pasysceres, 1pyanio osonpextenito &te- “guns 3a coxpatfeteM paBHOBCCtA Tea, BMCOKHMM BSIHOCOM Gexpa n nonoxermtes cron, Mosrosy Aa Hy aEUerO YCBO™ cnx aT sIpHeMOR MpeswtarasoTex HOATOTOBIITENBH Y= Dacia 1 opiexeTaps, KOTOPHIE HOMOFYE THOIZEIO FpeacTasitts CrPYRIYPY wBytaeMOTO pHEMT, QeORHaNO TaGineya t [BuIMORINTS H MpHOGPECTH HanBIRH ALIN NaMANfMuIeTO Yeo ests (ra6a. 1), Hisyseme yzapa Horolt snepea, 8 cTopoxy, xpyrosoro \yaapa Horo anepen nyxtO HANUIMATS He CTOR, a cxNe YUH 4hexa Wa nloay; yaap Horol Bnepest cieayer poROATITE ugTKOM, a He HOcKoM, ysap HoFoll 8 cTopoH'y —- weet rsO°- KOCTEIO NoLOUIBM, A He pEOpOM CroN, KPYTOBOM Yap Ho- roll anepen —- HocKo«, a He MomBeMoM cron. IH Hono ‘cua croub Gonee yaoSt Ha nepslix sranax OBy4eHIs, B noroxin wcroiixay pexoenuyercs BuLTONLeT® yops Hew Moran: ormpanck 0 creny, cTABITs Kory Ha GapKep WII MepeHociTs ee sepes Hero, "TO OGecHeUITT ecteCTHeH- uti moc Beapa tia TpeGyeyo sBicory. floGumumcs y ToHINHBOTO HOTOXEHH Tena H BBICOKOTO HBIKOCA Gexpa, MoO COCpeAOTOUITE BHADNaHNe Ha PASMYHBIX HOOKe- susx cron ipa oGyxewn yaapy Horoit masa nawrmrarommt o6t8- ‘Mo Tpyanlo passepHyT® crony aTaKyouell orw BIN To yeaont 45° 1 manpagirr nerxy srepen ans yaapa. Yro6sr ‘OcnOM TS TOT MpHEM, pexoMnAyiOTER citeayroMtE MOTO TOMITEAKNSLE YIPAATINN: CTOR Ma HETBEpeHBKAX, OAT HoFy, corayTyi0 B KosteHe, Napannensio uory, a 3aTeM [BLINPAMONETE 1 CTHOATS ee, AKUENTHpYs BNENAITHE HE 100- pore cron n mpeGyewow varpannenim. To Ke camoe ene Ayer npouesar M3 croiiKe, omupancts pyran 0 crewy. WH. SAMUI TloCTe STOO MOO NepeKOAMTE K IYHEHNIO YApOB orofi Haxax ¢ Homoun0 Gapsepa. Visysesme yaapos woroll no syre rae rysme masnotar dea. Hunt CHU: 16 NOIOREKNK cTOtKaY MpoBOMLTD YaapEL ‘Newell v suyzpeuneli croportami croms, nepenocs HOTY ‘wepes Gapsep. Kpyrosoft yaap worofi nasait pexovtenayercn ‘OcRauIBAT., OMIPARCE PYKAMH O CTENY MH CTOR HA YETREPEHD- B awane oGysens yaapst Horas KeAATETBHO HawO- (CUTE He MO cpemEIUM Y'CTKAM Tea TapTHepa, a 0 HECK ‘wit — cTonam, KoneHsN, Geapant, TAK KaK y HOBHYKOR Her ~s— a) Oe Puc. 3 ewe focrarouioli ruSKoCTHL Mt MeTKOM KOOpAMIKAMNNC ZBIK- “xcHMit, A wICOKIM TomBeM HOrN GyneT MewKTl XOpOMIO ‘OcnonTs inyuaeMoe ABWEKCHNE (YAApHBIE HACTHE MOTH tpKt enenbt Ha pic. 3) METOAMYECKHE PEKOMEHAAUNK DIA OBYHEHMS| YAAPAM PYKAMM Axamnupys no pacynkam yaapst pykaM, nerxo 3a ‘TT, "7 OM! BLUTOMERIOTCA ARyM eHOCOBaNAL — 110 TPs Moi xpyronoll tpuexTopriaae pyRA aBIKETEH HO ps ‘Moll TpACKTOPAM H TlOAMOCTSIO PacMpaMAARCTEA # HOKTE; COrnyraa B NOKTE pyka ONMICHIMAET VeTBEpTE Kyra B REP ‘THKAALHOM iM TopiBOHTaT4HOH! aMockocrH. Hesanich- Mo OT TpaekropHMH 3TH npweMke HasiBIMIOTCR © aNinKeHTI cron, KoTopas repeaaer yeunue tia Geapo, a OHO pasno- pavumaer tynoamte. Yaupwtse sacri pykw (KynaK, open ne ¢ananrH nanbues, ManbuUBs, OcHOuANHE aOKK, OC- Hopaiiue Goxbwore H YxaxavenBsOrO Nambues, pepo ANON, OKOTS, MpemMUTENKe — noKasat Ha puie. 4) Onpenessior Huis akecrKocT®, TONHOCTS H FAyGHY po RMKHonena yaapa. TIpovenemte yaapon KyakoM eneslyer ioyare B-TaKOft ocnenositreibiOcEH: Yap KYAAKOM pyKoit, COFMYTOR AOKTE; Yap Ky!aKOM € MOBopOTOM exo Ha 9D, 180, 270" (pu. 9) an Paccnoxpuse nuitomexite yaapos pyKoll cropoHy 110 Kpyrosoll rpaextopatt. ‘Pya onicuteaeT monyxpyrosyto TpaexTopulo B BepTH- kambsoft nam ropmontarexol 1ockocts. Ee asioxenne HAWANaerCR OT FpYIH: CHaYANA ABMACTER MITE, 1OTOM IMpextmewve i KakoNel Yaapuuilt eycras — ocHORAHKE Ky- ‘max, pe6po sMOUN, BEpKHAR cropowa KyTAKA, SAMKCTEC, ockopauuia Gonniioro H yeasATEMAHOTO MATDie8. Tloxor® kak ueurp spamieni ocraeTes HeMOBIDAMDIS, peaniewse nonopasupacres a 45°, a yzapunill cycras docruraer Hen no KpaTuaiiwen TpaekTopa ‘Taxnse obpaioM, Mit RuisBiLt O6uIe 3axoltoMeprtocr#t cex ynapos to xpyFoBoll TpaekTopIntsicsaBHCHNO OT TOFD, xaxoil suctivo pyri HavocHTes yaap. VSYYEHME BPALIEHMA ‘TASOBEAPEHHOTO CYCTABA Cwza, soswxarousan peayzorare mpanienin T4s0Gea- permoro eyerana, nepestaerex TosBOHOSKTINY, a OF HO ~ sncnmant TyROBHIKA, saTeM OT HIE Hapacrasoual eKopocT th-ciuonofl nye epexowut ® PYKY 1 3aKANBBET COE woxeute B KYAaKE B MOMENT mponeseimix ynapa. Taxoe treyaritiekoe manoncicrete asm e¥eraDoD Ha hnosiaer aBioxerIe KaranyASTH, Meperaiowtet Yexoperne ‘iy mnoxenHBi m Hee ciapaa Credonaremno, MouUtistt hhonopor raxoSeapetnioro cyeTaBa COMAET ABHEAYUYTO CHIY, weoro.ineyo 2A NpoveeHAK CHAIN TEXAMEECRIX PL ‘evo, FloatoMy 18 TpemxpoBeex seo6xo.uiMe Conic Ape ‘et yZenaTE pasion mamxcino Gexep mame a CHET pon- rrumbsofi, Een nec Tena evemest Ha nepenie CTORIKYIO HOTY, to cTolika HasbisaeTer HepenHel, corm wee Testa eMeuteit Ha san crommiyio HOry, To crolika Hasomacrea saziHeit CTOWKM ANA BEAEHMA BOA HA PACCTORHMK FOCPEACTBOM YAAPHOA TEXHIKH 1. Crofixa «rors syecte>: 8 970M rosoxcenin Hori citel~ ‘ka cOFMYTs B KO:IEHAX, CTOREE BMECTE H HApAUTEABHD! APY pyc, Hn AUHOTA HANPRKCH, ATRIAL MOAT, SATE OK, KOTSHK, HATKH HAXOTATeR 8 OHO! BepruxaHolt mockocTs, sianotth npapoll pyxit exwr wa KHCTHE rcHOHL yw (pie, 16). Pee. 17 Beit 2. Yorax ¢bporrranssas croiixa: p oTos nosowettins Hor Paccranema! Ha uMIpiMy Tue H CAETKA COrmyTH B KOMT- Jax, cromst napaembss APY Apyry, Hes auBOTA Hapa 2XeH, SONNE NOsGKATE, SATRUTOK, KON, IUETKH HAXOIRTES B osMoil BepraKanbnoli tmocKOCTH, CATHIE B KY!AKIE PYKIE onyuentst mines nt enerxa cornyrat a sloKTaX (pute, 17). 3. Unpoxas qpoxtamias crofixa: » arom nooKeHmt Crom pacnoxoxeHB MapactienLHo APYT ApyTy w paccTos- HHNe Meacty MKIMH cocTaxiNer MpHBmeuTTeRDKO ZANE Tp ot niet. Kozen, nine i Hock oparyior Mealy Cobol Panniobeapenmuti rpeyromBis, cua Hpavat, aroaHUst homecaru, Hits Arora X Genpa HampsrkeHst, 3aTLINOK, KOH ‘i 1 LXTAHE HaXoWETEA B OTHOH REPTKAABHOM r:ToCKOCTH. Cxarsie & KysaKn pykit onymeusr Hie Ha ypovetts noma 4 cxerka cornyrst R sOKraK (pic, 18). Yro6er mponepirre amurenayate yto ammpmyy crofien, uyaato onycritie co# ma ojwto KosleHO, H cca B paccros- ne of nero 20 uporHRoto: Boxof cryHH yroxaTER erMpe sam KYaKa, TO accroshne Meaty Oran Pec. 19 ‘sGpanio wepao (pac. 19), ~ 46 Pre 21 Tlepemewestte 8 uunpoKoil ’portansuoit cTolixe ocyite- ‘eimuneTes ciesytontNM, o6pAxOM: 'a) coma oatoi Hor Norcramasetes K cTONe Apytoiy, laTeM TlocTeMNRA OTCTARIAETEX LO NEXOIIFOTO HOTORCHIE (pc. 20); (6) oats Hora crawiTcx expecrHo BnepesEE APyTOIH, sareM oct Bosmpamactes # HexouHoe seiorketmte (pre. 21, 22) "4, Tlepeaiias cTofika: B 9TOM stosoKeHNt Bnlepes CTO nan nora corryra, Ha Hee MprxogueTes 70% nocd Tes, c oeno 3 Sonbutolt naten HaxoasTen hha oawoft ann, Caan crosman - hora mpaas, wa Hee MpHXosHTeA WA voce Texa, Crom THOTHO pI sara K HOY ¥ pagsepuyal HocKaML yxph, Genpa te mis xkHBOTA HANS ‘xeith, ROTI HOsERATEL, TY!HOBMITE ‘eoxpansicr BepTaKaLtbHoe MOROAETIKC Whipmea erotik pawn amu” soft nitpunne rete (pac, 23). Hat nny crofixit onpesessior caenyromnist oGpasonr: xomeHto exams CTOs! HO- rw omyexalor sa ro, W ein B pac- Pre. 23 Tome OF nero 0 anepeau cromueli cron: yaoxaTes ve- ‘Tatpe BAU KyzaKA, TO puOCTORHE Neway HOTA BAO Ho pep. Tlepeasingerie axepen 8 nepeswefi crolixe ocyuectans- rer exezyronune oBpanoxt 2) crona coaut crommelt orn noveraangeTex K Bucpesit Tomi crone, xotopax sare nepeeuitereR miepe no Yee Ho WexOaHOTO NocoReHUR (pu. 24); 8) crona uepesm crositell HOFU paspopatmaeres Noe: Kom anepea, x Hell napaniensio nozeTauazeren croita cet. {i cTostieit Norn, saveM on mpogonaaeT tepenemarvcn no ayre anepea x0 wexomHoro nonoxetia. B koatie mweKe- ‘mua o6¢ eronss passoparumaroren HocKadt MiyTps. Tlepenmexene nasa ocyntecronaerex m OGparHOl 10c- seaonarenstioct, 5. 3awisa croiina; 8 stom MooxexH na csaRH cTosMyIO ‘ory mpcomsrea 7%6 vec Tena, ee wosewo x Gos ae, aXOmTER 1 ORO nN, BNepesH cTOwLAN Ora Hentio= TO cormyra w xomeHe W enerxa pasnepiyra Bityzpm — ma nee "puxonires 30% neca Tema; Crom WAOTHO Tpke K Moy. TWATKH MaxouuTeR Ha omOM min, Gena x 1D xvOOTH anpaxcnts, ORI! TomKeTH, tysORIMe Coxpetser ep rinxasisMoe nonoxertHe (puc. 25). ZLmesy croiiat ‘onpenensior eaeayiouties oBpaz0: KoxeHO caa- iu CTosMMeHE MOTH OHYCKAKGT KA TON, Ht Com B pccrommute oF Hero 20 srepenn erosiuelk cron yloxatca Nerbipe BAILII KynaKa, To paccrostie McKiIy HOTaMOH BEIGPAHO BepHO, Tepeasirxesuse smepen a samneit croiixe ocy- mocranseres cneaytounnt o6pas0%s 4) croua caazu crosmei ror nogcranaser- #1 K bHepeam crosmeli, Koopa saTeM nepe- MemmeTex BHIepeT JO NexoMHOTE NOTOKeHIIA (one, 26); uo 25 6) nepeasirxerme Hasan ocyutecrasaeTea 8 ‘Gpammoll noctresopaTeabiOCTH. 6, Hmawnas saz crolixa: 8 9ToM monoxkemm 90% weca exa EpHxomIHreH Ha COrHyTYIO B KOMIeHE cxUUE cTORTYtO ory: BMepesit crommag Word RPaMAs Hf MaKCIMAIBHO BbI- clunewa snepen, Ha Hee upuxosurtes 10% neca Tena, Tat far maxonates Ha ojtiolt zauumt. Crona enepeste crosuedi Ont passepayta suyrps, croma Caan crosmett Ho vapyay, 1 oBe ome nioTHo mpurgames K Mlomy. Tas MaKcH- Pro. 26 -«9 MasbHo pasbepHy? wie. pen, Tynonmne coxpanset Deprikaseuoe osIOxeHHE (puc. 27), Tlepementene prepes 1 MKOH samneit croi Ke MPOUCXOAUT cmeAyIO- ns oBpasom. Crona esa aM crosmel worm cra = ITER nepmeHIUKy.tspHO Hock BnepeaH crostcit Pac. 27 cron, ocymrecTastcteR mepexoa 5 npoMexyro4- o cKpy"enHyto croiiky, 3aveM anepedt ctosma® Crom BoDepalkacrea # HexogHIOe MonoxenHe (prc. 28). 7. Crojixa «kounKiny: 8 3TOM HOOKeHIOT TTKH OGL Hor pactonararorex Ma OnMOM mM, Ha paccrostt 110- ToRHMs Ton! PYF OT sipyra. Brtepesw Cromutax Mora cr Gaerea B Kowtene omtpacTes wa crerka pasaepuyna Buyrp HocoK, Ha Hee MpHKouETeA 90% weca Tea. Croma coat ‘crosuuell Horn minoTHo mpingava K Hos wt pasbepuyra sayTps rion yriom 45°, ee GombwoFl nateit pacriommaracrom a ot- Holi aut ¢ KoncHoM. Ha ry tory mpuxoaures 90% neca sia, Tyslominue @ oToH crojiKe pacnoxoxeHo RepriaKans- io, arom NORRATH, Hi AHBOTA HaMpRACH (PHC. 29). Tlepenemernte sepea » aToH crovixe ocyuecranseTm ene- ytontine o6pas0¥: 1) erona cian crosmelt norm woncranmacrea « eTone Imepemm crostei HorH, 38TCM NOCKeAHAM HepEMeMaeTeH tmiepest x0 Hexosutoro nonoxkerms (pic. 30); 6) crona coast cron Horm noacrammrerex K Crone nepeam croxmeii Horn, sureM mepementacten ameperr 70 nexomworo Tomo 8. Crofixa «stacon»: sro nonoxente npnmnisaerca creny- vount oGpasom. Terxa oauok ork eramiTer amepemt ocka 1pyrolt, saTeM cron paccTaMIHOTES Ha LIEpHOH FIC ¥ paspopasiteaiores nuysps HOA yrnow 45°; sont HOA SorwaroTes, Gecpa it HIE 2KNBOTS AXONUATEH w MAMpHACH host cocrosnuan (put. 31). Tlepememenie pmepex @ rarHoM nloxoxeuL OcyItecTe- uvcret exeaylouuin OBpavoM: Cronia wnepejN CTosMeT HOTA ImopasareaeTes anepen, K Heit Nogcrasacres crow CSU {croautel sont, Jaren mBiNKeTER HNEPEA AO HEKOAUIOTO MIO -ACHIER, B KONE ADBIOREHN Ta CTOMA, KOTOPAH OCTILIACH Ca- uh, paxrwopavunsaeres mrpB Mom yetoM 45° (pac. 32). Pre. 29 Pre. 90 st KER 9. Croiika «uanm: s oroxt Homorxeuin crona onnofk MorH nOAHNMAeTEH Hal KOTEHOM Pyro! OTH, CBTHIC 8 [KysAKH PYKH TOMHETBI Ha YPoReH MoAGopOTKA (pric. 33). 10. Crofixa «ators expectnon: » avoM HosoxeN 062 orn coruyrat w Kose1x 11 CTORA ORNOH NOTH CTOUT cKpe- ‘cro nnepesn apyroit (prc. 34). IL. Cepynennax crofixa: a arox nonorxetn crona oxo Horst crorrr cxamit nepneniatxy:ixpro wocKy Apyroit cTonB, outosa tynomnue cHnkHO pasBepHyTa! Hava (pitc. 35). OCHOBHBIE NONOKEHHA ‘TEXHMKM BOPDBbI B MINOTHOM SAXBATE Bow Gops6y » nioTHoM saxsare, cnopreMen siiGupeeT jollky © y'eroM enon dpicstsecKHNK H MopasbNBLX AaKGIX, lexiiaeckoit noareToRseKNocTH M TaKTHYeCKOM 5aza4 ccroniueH nepea Hit CCrofixur Gsiguor miicoxue, cpesnine i musKte. TIpm Beue- tut Go @ HAOTHOM 2aXBaTe OI MOIYT JIEPxO TepexomTTS outa B apyryio, Kaxkaaa ua ius HMoeT e80x npewuymectsa ww ueaocraren. Buicoxan crofixa — nonoxeHle, Korda Goeut crowr, HMINPEMHE TyAOBHINe, Ha CHerKA corHyTBIX HoraK. TaKax ‘croiiea nosnoser cuoGOaH0 MpOROMLETS UpiteMt ¢ HOMO lwo Hor, no ox! Goslee OTKpEITa aaa aTax nporwsiiKa hupmemamtt ¢ saxzatax Hor pykanu. TosTomy Gocu, Be- ‘nynurit exbarky w wbtcoKoli crofixe, oxen Bite Disa TeabitM, YCTOMMBKIM Ha HOraX; yAteTS GBICTPO H TOAHO lupouoaurs 3aumitTuEse selicrau 4 KOWTpHpHeKE OT 38x- ‘uxvon Wor, Cpemias crofixa — nonoxeane, xoraa Tynosuie Gotta awstoHexo Bneped, Horu cormysst 8 KOTeHAX 1 paccTaBic~ 1 croposis-nana, PYKH Onyuen 4 NeMHOTo BAITS uepea Ho warpaazenIo K npoTEHUKy. Taxan croitxa (GecriesmaeT ROcTaTONHY10 MaiieBpeMHOCTS, COBNAeT XOPO- ite YOUOBNA ALK MaNAEHNE pan NpHeMaME 1 upuncienis sauperiiex i XOMTpaTaKyIOMEX ZefteTBHi Cpeiutas ctoiixa » Gopb6e aanserea 1anGosiee pacnpoctpa- nemtolt Hinxas crotixa — nonoxeime cnopremena ¢ cxmsHO Ha xowenHM BMepeA TYTOBMIeN, COTHYTHIMMH H paccTAReH- Iasi Briepes-n cropousi Horas, PykA TOETH KucMOTC ann, Takas crofixa yt0Gta aK OTpAREMHS ATAKYTONUIX cicroiti nporumnnxa, Ho caMoMy #aTaAATh 1 TAKOTO 1O- vunkeata Tpysio. HauGoace rpittermnst us TaKot erottiar oe puewat ¢ saxparanor nor. Hexocrarkou minkoii crovis BIACTER OrpantnsienHocTs TexstHsecKiEX seficroM Tian Gomute yerojiaumocrs ROTH ezeAyeT HecKOTBKO pacctaszaTs B cTopoRer (Ha tnipmny tines), Crmmnkos pace Taner Hori Ke Toswomsior cHoGosIKO MaileNpHPORETs Ha TaTaM 1 HEOKMMHHO 1 BRICTPO ATAKODATD, Pacetostnte, 1a xoropors Goji naxoswTe# mH OF Apyroro BO upeMs exsarrat, Hassmacres mcTanmmt. Tte- Tanto Gamat Oras, CpemvUMAL ssa. Brnoxseea ancrariiiex — Gotu: NaxonTes & Henocper- erRenoft GmisoeTH Apyr OF pyra M MoryT KOCHYTECK TuNe- sa comtepinika cornyrolt pykoil. Sra AMcranuns Boxee yao8ta Fo HaMANeHHX MpHeMtaM, AUIOIAESDIMH € BAX: BaTOM TyROBHMLa JaMINUAIOMIeTOeK H.C NOMOMEIO Hor. Bops6a Ha Gnmpancit cram speb6yer Gouee stamps Horo inuiManEs 3a elicronieK mpoTHOANKa, OcoBeHHO 2a ro Tonsrrkant aTaKOBATE TPHEMAMT €-RIXRATANOL HOT Py- ana. Chetan sntcranair — Goliust MoryT KOcHYTRCK Jipyt Apyra 38 TUTE THe BBINPRMUIEHMO! IK YES COLHyTOM PYRO, Taxas JoIcranuuss % GopeGe nanGoce pacnpoctpa- nena, Oretona nee necr wanaytenne 1 sar. Aansisn mcrannt — Goriuss veayr exsaray na sas ‘enmHoM yraneniH pyr OF Mpyra, KOrRA Nake ARIPAHYTOIt PyKoit ox He Moryr jtocraTs Hmcxa conepuunKa, Ha TaKolt Ancram sate Goprorer Hearpeccusmie Gofiust, 1Gera- route o6oerpenutt 8 6ops6e. Ho ana Oxtetpux Golluos x sabe Ancram: — ne rnomexa. Bnaronaps cuoel 6kicrpore onnt ceoGostHo MIpeoso- neBaior oresioMce HX OF MpOTUBMEKA paccTORIHe 1 ava XyIOT pastuenssaN MpHewaNn, Hate c waNaTAMMH HOT. ipa nepestinkeriex no Taran ne exeayer expenutnars Hor, TaK KaK COMACTCA OHH yrOGHAN cHTYAINR sa "nporuininrsa araxonars no-oesKaMn SAOFHMIK HIpUeRADAL csaxsaranit nor. YoGuee HasauaTe mar BnepeA € BrIepes TosUleit HOM, & MoTOM MomArHRATS APyrOH KOTO eR Gmuexe x npornmunny creayer zepars Gosee cxbHyio oy, Ee serie ocsoGouirs or 3axBara, ¢ ee TOMO yaobnee Hasuaars KoHTprpiestl, pit uposexesm rexnaecxsx seiicranit, ssinoanss Te wun apyrue saxnares, Gojlust Yacto coenmmeT CBO PYKH pauuranon saxatasa, Ha pie. 36 oKasanb HanBonee picupocrpaneHmbte cocmMIeMtN pyk. TRABA 4 TIPHBUMMbI 1POrPAMMHPOBAHHA MH OPrAHHBALIMA TPEHMPOBOUHOLO TPOLWECCA Pyxonammuit Golt aunaerex paswocropornns uxzox ‘eaHOGopers, BITOTAIOMUEM 8 eGR TEXHUKY yzApOB, Gpoc- on, paGory ¢ opyxwest m nporits Hero. B itepabie Tpi-ues ‘Tuspe Tota ONEME maaHIO, EC SaHETIEE NPOXORKT w ETCH, (CHoprHMHENX 1 CHELHAIHENpOBANHBIX WIKO.TAX, He EME aTb Ha OMOM YPOKE BEILMEYKASAMHME mI Visyaars ax HyAkHo pagneito H napanstenbHo apyr APyTY. B npotintow cnysac Gotan ne Gyayr ywers 1H Goporscs,, MH crappmaropars. Texnuxa paGorn © opyxstest u mporHs Hero Mower I~ NaTbes B 3aBHCHMOCTH OF YeNOBHTL KAK Ha OTENBHEN 9am THAK, TAK H MApAAeTKHO APYTHD BIIAM TEXHUIKH B KOBLE xaxaoro ypoxa, ocre Toro Kak TeXHITKa GpOckOW 1 YAR or Gyer ocHonaTeNsHO Hay"CHA, c© MOXKHO COBEPLICHCTBO- BATS CORMECTHO APYT € APYTOM H SaKPerUINTS Ha cHOpTiB- HEX MoeANKAX 1F copesttOoNANnss. Tipu mporpayauposaaint tpenuposoworo npouccea ywrrssasores: cosepxasic, oxew mt oprevarsaiuie TpeIse Ponosmot Karpysxn. Ha mNx m Gasupylotes Keene Jat ‘iH NoaroTOBKH copreMeHOB, KOTOPHIE BKAOIOT B CeO Susanaemylo nemcanny rpxpocra cnoprusuoro pesyabTara, cooTHercTaytontDle HaMeHeNI B TEXHNKO-TaRTHNeCKOH, CH xonorneckoit, copestiosaTemioit, cneumambHo-prrsmeckolt ogrovowiesmocr cnopremenon =s6- ‘@OPMbI NOCTPOEHHA TPEHMPOBK TO OPFAHWSAL|MOHHOMY NPHSHAKY Jo neaaanero wpeenn ranGonee apextusKott Gopscott ‘wetpoetns tpenmpovostoro npowecca exrramace KOMILIEX- ‘eux Gopia, MpertyeMarpisaiomtas onHOBpewenoe Hae nunsenbHoe PeweHie HeNOTO psa TpexHpoRONIEX saa ‘v nenoma0panue Harpy0x paxuioit npeuMyaecTBeHHOL veaupannediocm, Hpeanouaranoes, +0 paskirTHe OnKHEX nireneitx enocoSHocTek GaaronpwsTeTAyeT PasBiTH0 ‘apyrux x Grarosaps sromy socTaraeTea rapaoutrntoe it pprnlocropotnice Oiieckoe pasuurie cropreenos. Tit NpeanionOxeeHs eran B OCHOBY apryMeHTAMDU B HOMSy erommvcerx upusiamos emuitersa ODI x CBIT, ext cern HABBIKOB HL KANECTB, OMexeRAIOM METORUKY TPeALI- poms aie saBKciMMocT# OT xKBasuuRaMIOH cHOprEMeHoD. Curranoce, 870 mpi uETenDHOMtouHowampanteHHOR pa- Gore » opramane opsaxpyetes nprienocoSirestsnch npo- neae © WoMmaHTOR anu uESHOMOTHMECKHX MExAHIBNOB 7 we ComaIoTeR yerOBIN wi cneMpwsecKOM azunratuH x copeavionatesbHoit nerrensuocTa. B cxywue ¢ Mapaniens- Noro MeHOmaORAHLER HAFpy3OX PasmsHOfL HampanneMoe- 10 onBOBPeMeHHO COBELIENCTBYIOTCA pasate GUSHOO- raveoune HKIU 1 TaXOM CooTHOMEMEH, KOTOPOS x8- paxrepio ana m6pannoi coprisioll aextensnoct, Bee 21m nonoxesme 9 nprauune Sécenopaee 1 HOMeIOT sawentte 8 xavectse oGutek pyxovonmiel nex, onpenena- tome Meroaimecrnte ocuons: GusyecKoro BocKAANTR 1 ‘evoprastoit rpenmposkt, Ozsaxo wa coupenerntoa yposte cvsieras nepeslonol cnopriBvod parks TiC eH B By TBNON HX MOHAN MOXHO OTHECT MD X ANIM soni w cHoprenenan cpeanel xoanupuKlont, MOCKOABKY caiopresenst akcTpaksiacca OGNAAOT Oe BLICOKHM YPOn- stew eneniamHod imuseckol! nozroTosaextiocTa, Cyite- treo HOBKICHTs 3TOT YpOBEHL, WTO RAIAeTER HeOGKOAH- une yonomuea nporpecca ckopmisioro MacrepeTeA, MOK 8 No TOKO 28 CHET CHUTBNBIX M OTHOCHTeRLNO MpOMO:DKH- ‘yemix Ypenmpyogix nosneiicronti coorvercrayiomtelta- npansenoers, Kosutexciax xe noaroToska npeAyewDs baer pacpenenenmai oGvew cnetgnanbie KaTpysOX 1m cent € ce pantioctopoxsia soxuelictasess xa opranHsM HE oxer oGsenewir. yenonitit as Gopseposarin cnetoxpis- oii erpyirypht ututieexo onroronenHocrH, KoTOpAR B butcmeftcrenemt xapaxrepua sui enopreMeHion maicoxoro etacea CCropresenant nbtcoxolt xnastngyesattit rpwcyiia TORR 1 conepuemiag perynsinie qictosiorHseCIaN. MexaNnIS MOR ‘up abmoanewt copesowaTexenoro yrpaxuens. OGLeM- ne Komexeutte Harpyoics, MpsIyCMTpHBAIOTINE NOE ewioe conepmexcraomuuie chopragiol Text cnet unl drsieckolt noareroRnestiocns, HesNGexn0 nptBo- 2 obteMy GyHKILIOMAMEHOMY yTOSEIEEIGO oprantesa Y cuoprenewon epennelt xewnsguxanyin ykasaHHe He- Rocrarka KoMNAeKcHOH MOATOTOBKH He CTO TAMETIES Mepit no cinrxcinino GyRKUNONAsENOrO yrosment copraniraa cxcayer Hekate ® panuonasiom 1cHox9060~ ow Warpy2OK Kaxoj-aNGO ounofi speupytomelt Hapa enloeT# aK Ha OTACTAON 2ANETHM, TAK Ha OTACRBHOS rane, DxenepinenrassHo AOKASRHO, "TO HeTOALORAII ontlotanpamenmaix Harpy20x, ManpinNep, Ha OTHEsHOS ‘pemporounion sausTint OGecnesniRacT NOAMOKNOCTE 10 yrayG1emnoro m, exeaosaTexsu0, Gouee abemnttoro pe- ‘ues Toi HM HO sana, MocKOxKY mpuicHoCOGHTeNt- se npouccest uporexalor Goree MTENCHDHO, NEKO B XOIE SRNLITI, 112 KOTOPOM PEIIMHOTEA HECKONKO TpeHEPORON sx sa Bisa oxen uenecooGpasniocrs poseess Ovset- IMisx tTpemuponoNNN aaneTH, TOTHOCTIAO TleREMeKHEDX couspuiencruosanino cnoprisHol ext 1 xaxori-m60 ‘onvoik zaurarexsuiois cnocoGwocm, ecm siomxeTes yo~ rontie coveraxiix UIpoKOTO pasHooOpasu TpHMEHEMBAK pests 1 pauvionazsioro pesca paGora W ora. se Mcnomssonanite oaontanpasienioi narpysxst 1e1ec006- {M0 He TORLKO Ha OTACNGINKIX TPCHUPOROTHBIX LTH, hho 1 8 MaKpOHIKRAX — B TOM cATTAC, CCIE ORME BTOSAIOT fh ceGx KoMMUteKe pasNooGPAAHHIX TpeHMNpOBOMEA 412 ‘ono npensyiiecrnenniolt HanpansienHocTH, Ho mpyBKeHs- fovmax B paMkax pASINMX MCTOIOD. ‘Tor we casusit aphext MOxHO OrMerHTh W Ha Boxee sunrenbuntx aranax noxroronkit — or 4 0 12 Hexen, Ho ‘ousre xKe mp yenowlAK paattooSpaiss npHeHAeMUAx ePETeTS Ht nocTeneAHOM HoRAWeHINL CHIME HX TpeApyIOMTETO BOS elicron. Ma ocnosantti peayssraton wconenowatit 10. Bepxo- nacre Gout paspaGoraust x anpoGuspoRAt 8 MpaAKT ke MOATOTORKHT cilOpTEMeHOR BAICOKOM KBasNIIKALIIL OCO- wae bopmst cocpenorowesoro oGLeMa creiwambsioit Tpe- uponousoft Harpy Hosusxa 9T0ro Merona saxmovaerex B coat Mac: euponasmoro rpemipyionicro nosaelicTaMA a opraHtiant choprestetta © NoMOMBIO suicoKOTO oGteMa onHONTANpAB- UWeINTAX HarpysOK epOKOM Io HOCH HeseMD. [ITO MIpHO- Jury K BpeMentton craGiunaKNM HenoBoCcTaaRNIBEEMO- 1) COCTOSIEA, CHRHNIOTO CO CTOHKHM, OTHOCHTERLHO MPO- onetrenbibsac Mapyineniien FoMeocTasa opranitnta, Tent ‘eanane oGecrtewnnazores ryOOKute yWKIDOLTabHBIE IME Iiewia, BHICTYHAIOMIE B KAMECTHE MPIUIOCHLIOR MOCHEAY- rome eynepKonnencarmm suepremmteckoro norcHTHa.ta, hn tipowcxomiT nepexon opraniaa 1a Goce sHicoRHit yponcH cieunasbtol nozroromextioct. OveHb BEHO, ‘vo pi WemTomJORAUNI 9TOH MeTOMKH. OBwM THATpYS- ‘it, cKoMeH*pHpoRAHO! Ha MYaHOlL paGore WIA AAITHIO- ho nepsiowa BpeMenn, He mpeusnnat 23—25% oT oGurero ‘ofinena B MeCat pxew xometrrpatwn narpys0x ttestecoobparii0 mpue- iwers He rombKo Azim HouLiIIEHI abxhextaNOCTH eHenttamM= hioit harsmeckoli nonroroRsIeMHocTH cnopreMeson HUN AR hnarpyakn moGolt mpenyiecraennoh Hampasiiensfocrst, HO a5 1 Ane peenpeseeNns Hx B TOMTOM LHMRNE sue sHOB0rO ina etvopra. Xors Mpiewbs KonttetTpHpoRattis citzonoft HarpysKa _ictiouaiovea 8 oGmj0 cxEMy NOATOTOBKI ENOpTEMEHOB, HO 2B TO:XC Bpens OHI SBIMOTES caxtocTORTeNBHOH UaCTBIO, HE «Gnoxow, xoTopait pemaeT sanasu cosnastHx dpynMO- wambHoR Gaskt An nloctenyiomero conepineHcTRORaHHR ‘examrseexoro stacrepcroa, TooTowy cocraa cponcrs 1 opra- irauig B extron0M «6noKOr, a TAKKE TOrUMECKAR CORAD ¢ “ApyFinan MarpyaKaNt ZOTRHA OMPELEAATBCE € YETOM cre uci nonroTORKH # saHHOM sie cnopra, B.sasBHe ues ciutoBo «E01 OIRKEN TAHT KOHKPETHOE MECTO » TORINON IINKIE 8 NEDAX BeeeHNA » TpeHMpOROMNA npowtece Harpyaox ApyrOR MpemmnyitecrHemoft nampanzen Nocrit. Oreioga x nowerHe «610K» metaRbBaere onpene- emit Emme, sacTaORAUNA XB TeOpHNE NPOrpaKAA ponarnis. Peay pHiHATNyiO erpaTeTHECKYTO HAO ‘opranioauias 8 romusHost upc ene JU BHA Ccnopra Harpy2oK, TpeHep MOXCT, HEKOA HS peor YeTORIE, BIGApATS HAH CATOBOML «OOK HUNK AMET, ero pyro. ‘Oniaxo Hapaay c oxesHHNEH mpexaaymecrBaMBt p= X KonILeNTpHPORAKHOM cHLTOROMH HaTpyORH MeeT 1 HEO- crane. On mpunomitr x spenceniomy Heycrofimmsomy cint- 1xerINO ekopocTHO-eHTOBEM NOKADATENe!, TO HeraTHBHO corpaxactes ra enexsamsnoit paboToerocoBtocrst enopTeNe- 1a OcTOMTHACT pewleHILe 2404 cODepIICHCTBODAHIN TEX- wecxoro xacropersa w exopocn# amiocexis. 3r0 nOXTBEp- -xactes paBorant Taxi aBTopos, KaK M. Xauictos (1976), ‘A. Bopotsen (1978), B. ebuunwonios (1980) ap ZLax npeonone yrasania neaocTarkos Gxt paspe- Goran mpuew «pasneneriis» 90 npenent Tex BEMIS HATPYS0K, KOTOPHIE ABO He UMEIOT cnerETBHEM TPEHMPO- BoUKBIe afpbeKTSr ROBEIMIeHI:R enlopTHBHO-TexHIFYecKOTO acrepersa, 10. Bepxomancatit oruexaer, 470 pent «pas Denes) He CeNVeT MOKINMATS KAK PeaKOe pesrpaHHICHKE -o- eatovoll w Texsurueckolt paGorsi; pewb wureT © rperuytte- CcToensiom BHUEaINU K TOIL IDK Apyroft ws MAX Ha paasTII Mux 2TAMIAX O;FOTOBKE Ha sTane xowuiettrpaposaiiol! cistonofi arpystit Bin manne NPeUMYWIECTHEEHO LOITAHO YAeRATBCR OByEHIEO, TO ‘cer oBsagentio Gosee comepuicuiNar papiananit TEX ot ABHACIU, OPHEMTHPORAELTIMG Ha KOEKPTHBAT YPOBCHD ‘exopocTHo-ciujog0f4 nozroToaenstocTH. OnKaKO, YHTHBAR ‘uuitxenoe ykKioroKabHoe cocromUre, 9Ty sazasty HeoG- [oJUIMO Pewter Ha YOHLTHAX HEBKICOKOM HETEHCIAMOCTHE 1, ‘iaHBM OBpasow, 34 CuET sbUTOAEHIIN CTELIATHHB 0% oat nH HoneTAMDIONIENX yOPANAICH, a TAIOK OTE Ux aeMeHTow TexHIecKHEX Zelicrnit w OGRerueHINAX Yo~ owe, Tpit 3TOM flocrereHo Hapauluinas HHTEHCHBNIOCTE Yeti mpi nepexowe K HeTOCTHOMY wutTonHenito yak vem Ha srane pearsrsawuin zoaroppemenuoro oTcrantemto- ho Tpenupyiouero apexra (OTS) cunowisx uarpy20x hnwaintaeren conepuleHCTPOBANIHE TEXINKH, TO eCTD sIpHEMO~ ‘cobiieHiNe 2 X NOIpACTaIOUIENy YPOREIO CKOPOCTHO-CILIO- hit tonroroueimioctit cnoprestena. Pivento ‘ech eNOS \yeTeR MeTOWUTNCCKH MpHEM sovleMpoBaul copeRKoBa- retuoit zeetenbHOcTH m YeuOBHIAK TpeHuUpOBKN, MpMyeMAT- puwalount aoctimeMLe cTaGMabHOCTHL H NasIOKHOCTH TeAMINKH COPESHIOBATENENOTO YNPAXHEHIS, HEAsOTHACMOTO H BLICOKIX NO HHTERCHBHOCTH, YCWIIRX. Flocxombxy conepueticraonanite TexEntKM HpuypoveHto ¥ orany peatinanim JJOT2, xovopitl sanustuer orHoctTesb- io ApOAOWAUITEMBHEIA 9TaMI cHULREHIA OGUIETO OGKENA rpeuuposoationt Harpy2Kil, He PeKowenayeres YorpautgaTh peuGierrauuovrBte Maya WHYTpH TAK HaABisaeMBIK PETPY- VovHbIX MHKPOLUERROB, FAK KaK JWT PAsBEPTIDAHNR HE TPO- eKaiins QBHOMOTIMECKHX MPOUeCCOB, TeaAIINIX B CHOBE ‘yKuIfaaiHONHENX Nepecrpock, HEOGXOZIDIO HpeAtN, BEIXOS- nee sa Mpenetek OaHOVI-ABYX Heaens, OGUIUIIO OTRONEMEA Jus HUKCHNA. HaLPySKH, ae Ha pue, 37 npeacrasewa exema nocrpoeni® Tpenupo- BOMOTO npouecca, HaNpAMIeNHOTO B nepay!o OEE Ha asmirTue ckopoctuisx KavectR B eautioGoperwax. Ha exeme "HOKasaHo pasr pane CILIOBGIX HarpysOK (suMIrpHOBAN- ax oGmACrL) H paGorh Ha CopepwlestcTBOBAKeM cKOPOC- ‘D4 (nynierupsaa suis). Flockousxy a arane KoHnetTpa- ‘uni ciLToBEIX HarpysoK cHstoBaR paGoTa NORHOCTHIO HeKO- ena, secs €e MoxtHO saMeHITs conepiMIeHcTBOnAMTTeN ZH raveabHoro MicTepeTBa, NTO MloswoNKKeT jlocTIETS BAICOKOH ckopocrt awirxemnit. PaGora omkia MponoAMTKE TPH, SeTKOM NeperORAINOH KaNpRAeIO M paccnaO EMH PAGO =pyn MGMT HC sieTE yesIO CovepwlencTBoBALUE OOMIeH oop/uunaunoHwioi CTpyktypi cHoprusHoro ypaawens, pw sTos oWa Ne JO.DkHIa NepeXOAUETE FPAKIRUB! MERAY OM Txeasuoi surrencussocrbx0 yeni n sacroroit eKeH Kai sou sian 12 rpapuaxa, naano ekopocriolt pabo- ‘na commaytaer c sayaion peaninauun OTD cHnoasx Ha {YpYSOK pi OGxsuTenLHoM nlocTeneKHOM NoMIMreHII ‘TOTM ABICKeHHIL H CKOPOCTH EpestCIIEHHX CHOPTEMEHOR. Tlocemas, @ cRoI0 ovepenb, B YeTORIEAX copesmtonan B suaurremxoll Mepe Gyner suancerb oF crenett eneuitAt Holl ckopoctHoit stimoctnocrs, Koropas oectIesMDaeTER onpeneaeHisis ypowties MoUIHOCTHC HW eMKOCTH atta9pOOHO- Fo TamKomuTHNecKOro npolicoca sHeprooGpasoaints. Ha —e- ‘pwubinxe Harpysia meer pe omit — nepBas npKypowe- Imi K KOMY 3TaNa KOWeHTPUpOBABKOrO OOBEMA cKOPOCT- loll paGoTsi, RocmuracTes 9a C¥eT HTIomBORAHNA cma mposaHABx cHLTONLIX cpeneTs HW MMeeT saANell pasa le cneumamsHoit cxsioRoH auttocmimocts, Bropaa womlia ‘beolisHHmacTeS. CTeMCLIBENPOBAILGIN. CPEACTRAMIE Tt Me yin ee sayzasa — pasmirMe entewuxpitteckoti exopocr= ‘oii wunocmBocrs, npuseM Takas paGora NOWKHA BBITOs- erica Hopuiwsinen HeGombor OBzeMa H CORTATHEA cO.CK0- poctoit paGorot Tax oGpas0M, ‘TOO He OkAREIRATH Ht tee MeraTHBHOO PAR, UMenyeT YUNTSIRATE, STO Hapsny € nomBuUeRHES yponti ‘amonoit nisHoomsocra (CB) cuocoxiocrs x oasloKparHO- My nposmenno nopinbinux yew (BY) Moxer obsnapyxuri eIMEHTITO k cxDKeIHING BTOpoli Roni! HArpy0K axaapo8- ii raMKom#THYeCKOR NanpannenocrH, TlosTOMy B TEX ‘nysetax, rae 9Fa enocoGHocTS UMeeT cytMecTAEHOe aHaNe- tune, HeoGKommMo npestyeMoTpeTs CooTvETeTByIOUHC HIFTEH- e HonepximaoUne HarpyaKn HoSonmnoTO OBueNa. CONPAYKEHHO-NOCNEAOBATENBHAA CMCTEMA OPTAHMSAUMN TPEHMPOBOYHBIX HAFPYSOK Cospewemnze neexesonainix noxaremmaror HerecooGpaa- octh Kenoubsosam cropresenami BuIcoKOM KuaniKpuIKa- I Tax NaskiBaeMO!t ConpsrxeIuto-nOCIexonATemHOME cie~ temic oprantoann. Ypensponounolt uarpy2it, «B sroit cnieteme conpexeniocrs upesinosaraer wenecooBpariyIo lupeeMernenHocTs 8 oNepessOcTIE MeOMDIORAME TAKHX aKPYSOK, PH KOTOPIIX cOanAIOTeR GaarompHATHIC YEO a jou onsets Tpexupyioulero Bosaelicrars nocteay- wok, a HocHEHoBATeTBHOCTs OGOSHANACT He PeAKOe pat ‘pamurtene Harpy3OK BO BpeMenUt, a ruxaBMEAT epexon OF NpeRMYLICCTSEHHOTO MeNORKAODAHHE ONKNX WarpYIOK K upewmyutecraestomy Htenomaouarunio spyrax» (10. B. Bep- onrartexuit, 1977). oa Ha pwc. 38 npeacrannewa upmauenitamsiiaa exewe opra- unautinn TpeHHpOBONNOM MarpySKH Ha ocHOBE COMPARE no-nocrenosaTenbviofl cleTeMbs paNKax jUTHTe-TbKOrO nnepwiona noaroroaxn cnoptementos, OOzacr 1 — obte- passunaiomas paGora, MoaroTanmmaronlan k OBHEMHEIM Crienwamisuposaumuiss HarpysKan; oGnaerl 2 — «610% onmelsrpHposantioli warpy3Knt, oGnacTs 3 —~ yrnyGneHHoe conepuseiterRoRaimte TexHiHeckoro Macreperaa Ha Gone peanisaium OTD cntomErx sarpysox; oGacrs 4 — athe nnelimiee covepiueHcruonaniHe TeximuecKoro MacTepeTsa B YYoTORUaK cOPeRHOBATENDITBEX Harpy30K. Cxeua orpaxaer enecooSpasiiyio HoctenoBaTe:TbHOCT® eno:byonainis (GexoruocitTensHo obeMa 1 MposO*TANITeRL- HocTH) HarpyoK paxmiNHoll mpeumymecrseniof wanpas reuiocrt ¢ YueTOM HK AOsTORRUTesTOTO BSAHEOREHCTRHE 1 Towser cneuuuseckoro Tpemipytouero HoTentasta (TID waxcoro mura warpysox, koTOpHI XapawTepHByeT aay ce nosneiictstia Ha cocTosie ciioprowera. HeM om BIE, ‘TeM stile BepomocT MOAB crIeMMANDHOHt PaBOTOC- ocoSuocT enoprewetta. Tipeuyiect#o 370i CHcrew sauCtIOWAeTCH He TOKO B oGecrevcntnt Bucoxoro M ycroiumBorO KYMYsATHMBHOCO Dbipexra weniomesopautix HArpy3OK pasMusHol! Mpeumyute- CCTBeHEOM TanpaBIeNNiOCTH, HO HB BBICOKOit paNlHORATBHO- crit Hx mpuvietensta, B otoM caysae Beck oGseM BBInOsHA molt nary osBocrsIo 1 eseManpassTeHHo cuocoBerny ‘er nosbuuiennto MeTOpHOrO TloTeHUNaNA M coueptCHCTRO- sung Texmcseekoro MacreperBa crlopTeweHta. Coupmaento-nocrcaoparesbatyio CHcTeMY cuesyeT MPIC KAK B POMMUNOM LNKKIC TOAFOTOBKTE cOprEMEHOR /LI eprannesaumne TpemupoRowns KACPYGOK paseo! pers ecrnetnioff Rampaatenocra, Tak H Ma OTHENBHBIX 9TAMAX UR ‘ojrannesior HarpysoK ool Mpernayiuecrsemol anpanted- oct, paNUIVArOMnONes mo cane w_cnetrdeNCoctHt TpeuMPY= wntec0 BOaReTiCTENR HICHOMBAYEMBIX CpeACTS Mt METOROR. MOREMb © TPEXUMKNOBOA NEPHOAMSAUMEN nloproTOBK ‘rt Monee 8 choprusissxx exmMoGopers, Ora wKATO- scr-TpHt Gonsisix vrana ¢ nomroTOBHTTeasAtAM H COPeBHORA- ‘eutanant amkpoTanasen. Mepout stan opwertrmposee mpe- inmyniceTBeHHo Ha cHeUHAnnyTo usuUeCKyte HorOTOBKY, inropolt — Ha coBepIIcncTaORAMHe TexHMeCKOTO MACTEP- ‘chi, tperstit — fa riogroronKy ¥ ocHOBHLAM copestona su. Baamenmocra or xactexaaps copentionaraiit # o0o8eti- ‘maa NOZTOTOSKH 8 TORHSMOM WIKNE JTEABHOCT ipertero sana Moxer Gbrr yRemMetta 3A CHeT COKPALIC- uw mporomanrensiiocrn RrOporo Tank. B OTHEMBHBIX cy= Linx w aNMLo#! rpyriie #igiow cnopra Moxer Gurr HeTOM = woktta ABYRLURITORAAE MONE MOCTPOCHTI "TpEHEPOBK: Moneta gumtaxikit cocrosiis criopreMena (pic. 39) npe- aye arspneaeT HocTiesenmte NAKcrOAacIHEIX sHaNeHTTT x9pO6- ‘oii nponzourrenbuocta (Aa) Ha stopos ante RosroTos- a sates iteKoropoe Wx cuIEKeHtHe, ABcomoTitas CHL vant (P,) nOBMUAeTeR paBHOMepHO, a cisiowAR MANOCIH- (CB) — Goce yexopento x Kouuy TpeTsero sTaTt. Mypannas cua (1) focruraer Betcumx svavennit B HaNAIE nnoporo WB XoHLE TpeTEErO sTaTOB. Tpewuponowiiax narpyaka picuowaer 1 cob Tpit ciZTOBEX sononan (pe, 40), Tlepassit a aux eer sway paxBler - 65 ~ aGeomoruyto P. sxpunnyio B cay Menu, eTOpolt— cit snoayto astocsitaocre, Tperii — mpercyatecractino Raps nyto cary n coazars yerooix ax uenosovarans OTS ex coool NarpyaKit Ha Tare OcHOBHESX copesKoRaNt Tleppatt rperiii «Bnoxio» cxmonoit paGorst msnosti- Toor B eoveraniMn CO eneturANbHO; paGorolt w eMetaHit (@opoGio-auexpo6uo) owe axeprooGecnevenist (CM), B10- poll — ec paGorol » anaspoOuolk (npeimuymecrseHHo aTak- ‘ratwolt avaapoGvioit atiaapobvioit rmkommirtecxoft) sone eprooGecrevewix (An). Ocnossoi oGtew cxopocTiof (Cx) 41 reuauo-raxmuvecxoi (T) nogroroskit ssizosmxeres. Ha ‘hoxe peaninansnt JJOT9 «6xoKoR» cistonott paGorss Pre. 40. Romumrvarevan wager cxcrewe nocrpoora rpowponar jo Tpeainsonot nopsriabar NOMOrOwa PABA 5 CIPYKTYPA CIEWUMAIBHOM «bH3MYECKOM MOJTOTOBIEHHOCTH CHOPTCMEHA KoMOMepHOCTHT yHKIMONATsMOM! cromrasiaNH ‘opraiawa enopreMeHior 8 Xomle MHoroneTHelt TpeMKPOBKH ‘unexubt¢ KOHKpeTiENen MpweMOoCOGHTemBABIN TepeCTPO- WW Ha Ypone wereratmAHAX cHETEN, NepAHo-\EMesMO- napara M CopepuletteTDOBAINeM. WeNTTpATEA. MEX amos pecysmuint ix gesrebttocH, TosToMy npeacTaR- nett © HATMRMeHNEX dyHKKOORAMEHOME cHemamMsANTEH 11 oeoBeHHocTAX mamoneiicTaNs MORAY OPTaMANNT Ht CHE: {eMANM, OTBETCTPCHNGAMIE a HEYKTONHOS MOBKIMCHAE eT LuuibHoh dusnseeKoR paGoToctiocoGuocri cnoprewetta LINGIOT SPesBLIHAliO BwKHIO stlaNeiIe 2: RPorpaxNtpo- ‘xunmg TpempoBortoro npouecca. B corti ¢ aT paccmor- pis BonpOC © TAK HadotBaeMoIX dsHHeCKHK KaNECTBAX ‘renopexa 1 Hx dhuBNOnOMNecKOH mpmpoze. Ctomwsuccs 8 cooe Bpenst B MpAKTHKE TaKHE XapaKTe- ppucrin smuratensmsx cnocoGHocreli enoncra, KAK CHT, (ouerpora, seatocnaBocts wT. 1., OBLIM YaoGUGI JR KA Cnpkant Ht yopAnOMeHHX BCerO MHOTOOOPAGKA TPE pours epescTa 5 xaRtEpoRARNET zpeHMPOROAEOTO TPO- neces, Cymecronat0 yaeitie, To KARTOG 1 HX MORO KoumETE B OTAeNBHOCTE @ 347EN peamIGORATH Hk MPAKTKC. Onuiako Hayate LocTHKEHA OPoBePrAK ITO MpEACTAB- heunNe, HC CFaI0 BOIMORMIIM TPAKToDATR 9TOT ROMO Neexomxo sax loot -er— Crosses marnaa, 170 He cyMiecrayeT KaKHX-T0 Creu ANBHEIK MEXANTEINON, OTRETCTRCHTHLIX TOHLKO 54 CKOPOCTE, enmay tan miinocitmocT® cnopremena. JTioGax cuoprHBHA® nemtentaiocts oGecrewnwaeres onMHMH 1 TeMIE we GH onabarudn exeTewannt opranusya. Ho m petyzisTare ci ‘cremamuueckoit Tpermposkit 9TH citcTesbr creuamispy- rotoa ¢ roll npeumyuzecracuuolt uanpanteHHocrsto sBitra ‘resbuoro pexiia, KoTOPAR UpHyike AMHOst cHOpruBHOt nerreititocti, Orciona H Hosbiulenite crenmatbHoii pabo- TocnoeaGHocTH cHOpTeMeHa, cosunHOC He ¢ PAIMITHEM, coxavecrb», 4 ¢ GyHRUMONAARHOT cneunanrsarnelt oprarues ‘Ma 8 TOM HanpaBseMint, KOTOpoe HeoGXOTNMO AAA ToB- MeRHs CNH, BHINOCIIABOCTH, CKOPOCTH. Hanne ¢ Guterporst, KoTOpAs B MHICTOM wiETe MpoABIIN- cove » npocTefiuinx onHOCYCTABHLEX ABIOKEHIENK 1 BBIpA- ‘ACTER B TAKIIX HESACHMBEX OPMAX, KAK BpeMA [BATA ‘Tenbvoll peaKuiMt, NPC OnHMONHOFO aBOKeHTA, cHOcoG- NocTe x SsicrpOMY Hawaily ZBUACHER 1 K MaxeHMaZbHOIL sactote, Oatiako 6xicrpora noao6ustx npocTeiunix MOTOP- HSIX akTOR He HMCeT HINMETO OGuUleTO Co CKOPOCTHIO BI THonHeHe cHOPTHBHEIX ZBICHIA, B OCHONE KOTOPBIK 21e- {xaT HeiBMepHMo Boxee enoxuBe HeltpodusHonortuecKHC ‘MexaHIase PeryASUNTE MeTaGOIAUeCKHe MporteccH, OBee- ewmaioume Hx peamisanio. CxopocTs B cnopriiaibix _abitacntax oGeeremimaacTex FranHMt OGPAsOM CHM H BDI- ‘HoeniBocTBI0, XOTA 370 H HC CTAB IHOM COMEEHHE Wa- rane y wenogeka GuicrpoTh KAK G\yIKIWIOHAAIBHOCO COCTOR- ‘uu ero opramisa, Bucrpora aerracHail venopeKa 8 sHauuTensHolt Mepe comayia c coomHomeres 8 crpykrype Mbmnt 6ACTPHX M LMenAeNELX ROTOKOH, OFaIAIOMUIX pasiMeOTEH CoKpATH- ‘remougist H weraGomiveckiiME cuofictnassT, BETO yeraHon- ‘eHo, #0 HesLOReK, MAING KOTOPOTO OG:taNAKOT GOBLIN, Kommucctaom GUCTPHX BOOKOH, {IPH MPO PABHBIX Ye- ROBHAX OTANAeTEA Bose® BLICOKHM rfoKasaTeTeM. Gaicrpo- ‘rat apinkcunTt 1 somBOCTH passutras youn, Visceworex 68 - ‘excjctng, STO B KaseeTRE GhaKTOpA, OnperTeAmoMeTO 1 mH suripylomero iIZHAMUyATEMBI ypoNeH GsicTpOTs, BbtC- tysmier cuoficruo ciwua Hepaxolt cucrest. es oxo MiDKe, te Gonbine OsicTpOTa asiKCHNT. iderpora Kak XapakrepHeTHKa MOTOpHEIX BOSMOKHOC: wil Nexonexa HMeeT cHOll yposemb, KOTOPEIA B ste hioit Mepe mpeaompesiesien revleTITeckH, WTO NeoBKOAHO ‘utrupart Hpi NOBFoTOBKE CMOPTEMEHOB BEICOKOTO HutAc- ex, Poaimaunx 6BIcrpoTst 8 TloMHOH Mepe MoxeT OxITD ‘scyINCeTINEa, eeMK oH1a Gye sLosIKperLteMa AoCTATONHIM prerHyeckins oGecticweHeN. Pew WIET 0 CHLTOBOM 1O- rentwane saa x apGexMBHOCTH MerAGonecKHX nO onpenensiontix wx cnocoSuocr K AmtTeMHO! B tex ke MokmosnrresbuBIX cnysasx, Korma 6steT~ wort HoveKeNH He TpeOYET CHAS HM BUAHOCTHBOCTH, He- ‘uxoauiao ee Beper 1 He ryGKTk OrpoMIIIAH HarpySKAN Hosgous itor cKasaimomy, Moxno OTMETIT, FTO 6 corpora ekopoct — paskble xapaxTepuicrakit MoTopHOMt ‘hyuxigiit NestopeKa, Bsicrpota — sto Tenepanbuoe ceoii- ‘ro uextTpAMBHOM| HepaAHO! cuCTeMM, BHIRRIIAROLIEECs B NO: toil Mepe 80 spesie BuraTesbHOli peuxueN % pewnHsaut pocreTins HeHarpyxemeux zeficrenit, Hrewmmayabie ssapaxTepncrisit 6BIcrpoTsl Bo Bcex *bopMax ce npowBAeHA ‘hiyelonsent reueatecsine haKTOPOM, 1 HOSTOMY BONO Nocti €€ peanizainit orpannventss. CKopocTs xe ABIDKE- unk 9TO YHKIDIA ORCIPOTHI, cHARL, BBIHOCINBOCTH, Hakoxe YMCHIR CHOpTeMellA CKOOPANNNPOBATE CBO Zeit huts, B ome or Osicrporat sosMoxsiocn! copepuueH- ‘elon exopoctar Goxee cystecrbetH epexons x pacesorpexatio wonpocos o dymamonans- lax MeXanITa«aX B OPFaHUEDME CHOPTEMEHTOB, OTRCAIOUHIX a JMIMHTHC CUE, XOMETER OIMEDITE, STO 9TO TAKE HOR honuenioe ToHsTHE, Mposmuouieecs B pasmTsTX Hote Heparo-MeiewOro antapaTe.