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The influence of folktales in America

Noa Weckseler, Inge Korpel and Feyza Genc


Date: 18-01-2018 (final version)
Het Hooghuis Titus Brandsma Lyceum
Teachers: Suze Troost, Karin Doup
Preface
This profile assignment was written by Noa Weckseler (15 years old), Inge Korpel (16 years
old) and Feyza Genc (16 years old). We all study at Het Hooghuis TBL in Oss and we are in
our final year of HAVO. In our final year it is required to make a profile assignment. We all
have the profile Culture & Society and because we love languages, we chose to write our
profile assignment for English.
We believe English is a very important language, because a lot of people speak it.
We have chosen the subject folktales, because we think almost everyone knows something
about folktales and we wanted to investigate whether or not they are still as influential today
as they used to be. It is a very interesting subject to research, because everyone learns
folktales as a child.
We are going to research American folktales. We do not have a target audience, this
means that our profile assignment is appropriate for everyone.
We made 3 sub questions which we used to help us investigate our main question, 2
of them are theoretical and 1 is practical. We used literature and online sources to
investigate the theoretical sub questions. We used a survey, which was filled in by people
that we know, and several interviews with experts in American folktales to research the sub
questions that are practical.
We would like to thank Miss. Troost and Mrs. Doup for their help with our profile
assignment. They helped us along the way whenever we ran into any problems.

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Summary
Folktales are stories that are told all over the world. Every story has evolved over the years.
There are a lot of folktales and there are many different versions of one story. This profile
assignment is focused on people who are interested in learning more about folktales and
how they influence America today. We will look into how relevant the messages in folktales
are today, how influential Native-American myths and folktales are today and how folktales
have infiltrated themselves in Disney.
Folktales are used in a few different ways. Religions are often based on folktales,
mostly because they involve battles about good and evil. A lot of cultures in the world are
based on folktales and myths. That’s another reason why folktales are still important.
Disney stories are also often based on folktales and the messages in the films teach
children important life lessons. In our survey we found that most people can easily find the
messages from the folktales in Disney films. Besides Disney folktales are also processed in a
lot of other kinds of media.
In our research we came to the conclusion that today's society definitely is influenced
by folktales. Most of our knowledge on this topic came from the interviews we had
conducted. The people we interviewed have studied folktales and based their answers on the
specialisation. Also, we looked at different sources and compared them to find out more
about this topic.

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Table of contents

Preface ................................................................................................................................................... 2
Summary ................................................................................................................................................ 3
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 5
Chapter 1 How do folktales affect America today? ......................................................................... 7
Chapter 1.1 How relevant are the messages in folktales today? .............................................. 8
Chapter 1.2: How influential are Native-American myths and folktales in America today? 10
Chapter 1.3: In what ways have folktales infiltrated themselves in Disney? ......................... 13
Chapter 2 Results ............................................................................................................................... 15
Chapter 3 Conclusion......................................................................................................................... 16
Chapter 4 Discussion ......................................................................................................................... 17
Reflections ........................................................................................................................................... 18
Online sources/literature list .............................................................................................................. 20
Attachment 1: The survey ................................................................................................................. 21
Attachment 2: Career orientation paragraph .................................................................................. 27
Attachment 3: The interviews ........................................................................................................... 30
Attachment 4: Ethical paragraph ...................................................................................................... 37
Attachment 5: Plan of approach ....................................................................................................... 43
Attachment 6: Schedule..................................................................................................................... 44
Attachment 7: Journals ...................................................................................................................... 51
Attachment 8: Minutes ....................................................................................................................... 67

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Introduction
Purpose of the investigation
Almost everyone has heard of folktales, or even knows them inside and out. Most of the time
folktales have a hidden meaning. We chose this topic because we all love reading and
literature and we all like folktales and Disney films. When we were young we were told quite
a few folktales and fairy tales. Every child loves these stories and often knows them by heart.
We want to investigate how folktales affect the people in America these days. To find the
answer to this question we must first answer our sub questions: in what ways have folktales
infiltrated in Disney, how relevant are the messages in folktales today and how influential are
the Native-American folktales and myths in America today? We will be using theoretical and
practical investigation methods.
When you are a practitioner of folktales you need to learn a lot about folktales and
this is the profession we are going to focus on.

Approach
This is only a small part of our plan of approach. See the attachments for the correct plan of
approach.
For our research we created a main question: How do folktales affect America these days?
We made three sub-questions to answer our main question:

 How have folktales infiltrated Disney?


 How relevant are the messages in folktales today?
 How influential are Native-American myths and folktales in America today?

Hypothesis
We think that folktales are not that influential in America anymore, because we believe most
teachers and parents do not often tell their children folktales. We also believe that if we do
not teach our children about these stories they will be forgotten.
In our opinion most children do not read a lot anymore and we think that that is also
one of the reasons why children do not learn about folktales, because we think that half of
the children of the previous generations learned the stories from books. We think that most
children will not read these books on their own and if their parents do not read them to them
they will probably never know anything about folktales.

The structure
Beside a theoretical and practical investigation, we are also going to make a career and
orientation guidance paragraph and that means that we are going to interview someone who
is a professional in the area of American folktales. Furthermore, we are going to make an
ethical paragraph and in that paragraph we are going to research if you need permission to
distribute folktales that already exist.
In the reflection we are going to look back on how we did the assignment and what
we could do better next time and we are also going to look at our sources to see if they are
good enough. In the conclusion we are going to summarise what we found out in our results
from the sub questions, which we will put in the previous paragraph, and draw a conclusion

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from those results. We will also check, based upon these results, whether or not our
hypothesis was correct. In the attachments we show our plan of approach, schedule, journals
and the minutes.

Research methods
As said before we are going to answer these sub-questions by means of practical
investigation (surveys with people we know and interviews with professors) and theoretical
investigation (research of literature and the internet). We are going to put the answers of the
survey in graphs. See the attachments for the whole online sources and literature list.

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Chapter 1 How do folktales affect America today?
According to our survey, most people understand the messages and life lessons in folktales.
77,5% of the people who participated in our
survey said they had heard of folktales
before. This information is very important if
you want to know how folktales affect
America. We can assume that Dutch and
American people have the same amount of
knowledge of folktales, because they are
exposed to the same media through which
folktales are portrayed. We can deduce
from this that Americans know quite a lot
about folktales. Folktales have been shared
over the years to entertain and educate, but
mostly they are a great reflection of our
culture.
Folktales from other countries have also made their way to America and are quite
popular there. There are a few folktales that almost everyone knows and through social
media more and more folktales make their way around the world. Native-American folktales
are less influential than they used to be, but they are making a comeback on television in
America.
There are a few folktales that are popular all over the world and some were even
made into films, for instance: Cinderella, Sleeping beauty, Rumpelstiltskin, Snow White and
the Frog King. Because they are all Disney films, children are subjected to these stories from
a young age. They teach them important life lessons and teach them the difference between
right and wrong. For example the movie Snow
White, the evil queen is portrayed as the villain
who poisoned Snow White and Snow White and
Prince Charming are portrayed as the heroes.
Prince Charming wakes her up with a kiss and
in the end the heroes win. The movie teaches
children to be kind and not to be jealous of
others.
Shortly folktales have a lot of impact on
America, people know a lot about them and it
teaches them important life lessons.

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Chapter 1.1 How relevant are the messages in folktales today?
Folktales are still important today. But do they also affect our values and standards? Stories
teach us important lessons and they increase our imagination. Folktales are a reminder for
who we are and where we come from. They are used to entertain and educate, but mostly
they are a great reflection of our culture. (Griffin, 2017) (Hae-ri Kim, 2003)
In the present all great literature has the same themes as those in the early days in
myths and legends. Themes vary from man versus man, coming of age and family conflict.
Most myths and legends include at least one of these themes and often several. These are
themes that you can come across in even the oldest folk tales. (Caplan, L. (2015)
Every culture has its own stories and those folktales reflect the culture and values of
those cultures, but also it is a perfect reflection of their history. Folktales can give us insight
in different cultures, so we are able to understand them better. (Caplan, L. (2015)
Second of all each story, myth or legend is different. What they do have in common
are that they all have the same themes and they show that people are not that different from
each other in their hearts.
Another reason folktales have an important role in today’s society is because they
became the foundation for a lot of religions. Folktales show the battle between good and evil.
Every religion has stories that are about battles between a hero, who has a lot of problems
and has to fight a villain. During that time, the hero learns important life lessons, which is
essentially the purpose of the story. You can see this in the Christian Bible as well as in older
folktales. (Griffin, B.N. 2017)

Today's children may think that folktales are old and maybe even irrelevant. However, that is
not completely true. The influence of folktales is still very big. The original folktales, which
were passed on through generations, were transmitted orally from storyteller to storyteller.
The tales continued to evolve in the years that went by. They never ceased to be relevant.
These days many old folktales are regarded as fantasies, but they remain to exist because
they have something magical surrounding them. (Hae-ri Kim, 2003)
Another example of where you
can see the influence folktales have on
people today are comic books or young
adult novels. For instance Spider Man,
how did Peter Parker become Spider
Man? Or what about Harry Potter? And
what do you think of C.S Lewis’s
Chronicles of Narnia? It is full of
characters from Greek and Roman
mythology. Today's fantasy and fiction is
based upon folktales and myths. (Griffin,
B.N. 2017)
Folktales contain experiences and adventures that children can't experience in real
life, but these stories can teach them a lot of life lessons. They teach children courage and
ways to overcome their problems. These stories can be a bit frightening, but at the same
time the stories are exciting and comfort the children by telling them that there are people
watching over them. (Hae-ri Kim, 2003)

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But the main reason why folktales are still relevant today, is because people love stories.
Everybody likes listening to stories or reading them and sometimes even re-enacting them.
But mostly they love watching movies or series that are based on folktales. The inspiration of
most creators comes from stories they heard as a child. Folktales show us the different
cultures in the world and teaches us respect for diversity and human rights.
To give a correct answer to our sub question, you have to consider that folktales are
everywhere and that it is hard to know exactly how relevant they are in our daily life.
However, our final conclusion is that folktales and their messages are extremely relevant
today, mostly because the folktales evolve as the world and his citizens evolve.

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Chapter 1.2: How influential are Native-American myths and folktales in
America today?
The history of Native-American
Native-Americans were the original inhibitors of America. After Columbus discovered
America in 1492 a lot of Europeans came to America. The Europeans carried a lot of foreign
diseases and the spreading of them wiped out most of the population of Native-Americans.
The Europeans decided to claim the land as their own and started colonizing it, but the
Native-Americans fought back. However, the Europeans had a lot more and advanced
weapons and then there was also the fact that a lot of Native-Americans had already died
from their diseases, so they lost. After this the Native-Americans that remained were
suppressed and given only a few pieces of land to live upon. Luckily these days the Native-
Americans have a bit more influence and are yet again fighting for their rights. (Luebering,
J.E. (2010)
The Europeans thought that the Native-Americans were very primitive. They believed
in different gods and had a different culture. The Native-Americans today have tried to
preserve their culture and this includes their folktales, myths and rituals. Most of their
folktales have animals in them. They believe that animals are spiritual creatures, this comes
from the believe that everything has a soul. Each tribe has a group of spirit animals, these
animals are very important to a tribe because they help them find food and other necessities.
They also have great medical powers and sometimes serve as guides to the changing
seasons. Because they are so important to the Native-Americans in real life they are also
important in their folktales, because that is the legacy they leave behind for the next
generations so they remember to honour the animals. (Luebering, J.E. (2010)
The Native-Americans are also very in touch with nature itself and this also reflects in
their folktales. Their names are often drawn from nature and sometimes from their
appearances. This is why in most of their folktales they have unusual names and they
sometimes have multiple names when they grow up. (Warpaths2peacepipe.com (Z.D.)
The number four is also very important in their folktales. It represents almost
everything to them. There are four seasons, four stages of life and four sacred obligations.
The four sacred obligations consist of developing: a strong body, a clear mind, a pure spirit
and a devotion to the welfare of your people. They also believe that there are four ancestors
to the human race. This is why the number four resurfaces so much in folktales, it is
incredibly important. (Native American Indian Jewelry, Pottery and Rugs. (Z.D.)

Native American myths


Most people think that myths and folktales are the same thing, but that is not true.
A myth is a story that comes from the past. It can explain the origins of the universe
and of life. It can also express its culture's moral values in human terms. Myths concern the
powers that control the human world and the affinity between those powers and human
beings. Myths are also religious in their origin and function, but they are the earliest form of
history, science and philosophy. (Welker, G. (2016)
A folktale is a story that is fiction and has no location in time or space. A folktale is
also a symbolic way of showing different means to the world in which they live. The most
folktales contain people or animals who speak and act like people do. (Welker, G. (2016)

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Now we are going to tell you something about
Native-American myths. There are a lot of myths that
originate from the Native-Americans, for example the
Attack of the Mammoth. It tells the story of a man and
his family who were always on the run for a beaver.
They travelled all the time and never stayed in one
place long enough for it to become their home. The
woman wished that they would find a village and settle
down with their baby, but her husband did not want
that and so they kept moving. This myth comes from
the past, it explains the origin of life, because the
hunters and collectors did not have a home where they
were able to live their lives. The first farms and houses
were built later when the time of the farmers arrived.
(Schlosser, S.E. 2016)

The influence of Native-American myths and folktales in America today


A lot of folktales and myths from the Native-Americans are still told today. For instance, the
folktale the trickster tricked. It’s about a rabbit and a terrapin who want to race each other.
The rabbit is obviously faster than the terrapin, so the terrapin comes up with a scheme. His
entire family entered the race, but the rabbit thought it was only him. So, the rabbit kept on
passing a terrapin,
while being
astonished that the
terrapin was that
fast. At the end of
the race the rabbit
thought that he had
won, but found that
the terrapin was
already waiting for
him at the finish
line. This story was
even adapted into a
book called the
tortoise and the
hare and almost
every child in
America grows up
with this story.
(Schlosser, S.E. (Z.D.)

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Another important myth is the wendigo, a lot of supernatural
movies and series revolve around this creature. A wendigo is a
cannibalistic monster, it has an ash grey skin and looks a bit
malformed. The wendigo is shown in the movie "Wendigo" and the
series "Supernatural" and "Sleepy Hollow". So it is a very popular
creature in the American media. There are a lot more supernatural
creatures that originate from the Native-Americans that are still very
well known in America today. (Blackman, W.H. 1998)
Even though Native-American folktales are still told today, they have lost the meaning
that they used to have. These tales were meant to represent the connection the Native-
Americans had to nature and it was used to represent the values of their tribe. However,
nowadays the folktales have lost their original purpose and are now told as amusing stories
often meant for children. It is still supposed to teach children right from wrong, but most of
them have been altered so they do not show their original roots.
So to conclude, Native-American folktales and myths are still influential in America
today, because most of them are still told or have even been converted into children's books.
However, they have lost their original meaning and have been altered to fit the American
society today. Their influence has declined a lot over the years, but they are still present and
are also still told by Native-Americans themselves. So, they do not influence America as
much as they used to, but they still have a small influence in America today and are making
a comeback through the media.

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Chapter 1.3: In what ways have folktales infiltrated themselves in Disney?
Walt Disney's history
Walt Disney’s real name was Walter Elias Disney and he was born on
5 December 1901 in Illinois. He dropped out of high school when he
was 16 to join the army, however he got rejected because he was too
young and so he joined the Red Cross and lived in France for a few
years until he moved back in 1919. In the same year he started to
pursue a career as a newspaper artist and while working he started
trying new things with a camera. Soon after he started his own
animation company with Fred Harman. They started making cartoons
that they called laugh-o-grams, which were very popular in the
beginning. Including the Alice in Cartoon land shorts, stories based
upon fairytales. (Biography.com Editors (2017)
However, in 1923 their company became bankrupt. After this Walt and his brother
Roy used the money they had to create a new company called the Disney Brother’s studio
and continued their Alice cartoons. They had a lot more success the second time. After four
years of making Alice cartoons they invented a new character called Oswald the Lucky
Rabbit. Later Walt discovered that he did not own the rights to Oswald and his character and
most animators were stolen by his distributor. From then on he made sure he owned
everything that he made. (Biography.com Editors (2017)
After this fiasco he moved his studio to the Hyperion studio and created the character
Mickey Mouse. The first films featuring Mickey Mouse were silent films and because of this
Walt was unable to sell them. However, when he added sound to the next films they were a
huge success and Walt voiced Mickey himself. In 1929 he created the Silly Symphonies and
instead of focusing on gags and quick humor he focused more on emotions and musical
themes. The Silly Symphony “Flowers and Trees” was their first full-color cartoon and won an
Oscar every year in that decade. In 1937 Walt released the movie “Snow White and the
Seven Dwarfs", which was their first full-length cartoon. It became very popular and earned a
lot of money even in the Great Depression.It also set the base for future movies. When we
asked the question "which movie made Walt Disney a millionaire" in our survey, almost 90%
of the people thought that Snow White was the right answer and they were correct. (D23.
(2013)
Because of the second World War the company was put in a difficult position
regarding the money they needed to make movies, so after the movie “Bambi” they took a
short break from producing big movies. In 1950 the company came back from their set back
with “Cinderella” and in 1954 Disney created a series that remained on the television for 29
years. In 1955 the Mickey Mouse Club was created and Walt also founded the first
Disneyland. Unfortunately, Walt Disney died on 15 December 1966 at the age of 65 from
lung cancer. The plans that Walt left behind were carried out by his brother Roy. Roy died in
1971. The company was taken over by a team that was trained by the Disney brothers
themselves. (Pettinger, T. (2014)

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Disney movies inspired by folktales
Some Disney films are inspired by folktales, for example Aladdin (1992) is based on a
folktale from One Thousand and One Nights (1706). Sleeping Beauty (1959) and Cinderella
(1950) are based on folktales from Charles Perrault (1697). The Princess and the Frog
(2009) and Snow White (1937) are based on folktales from the Brothers Grimm. Robin Hood
(1973) is also based on an English folktale and there are many more. (Khanna, D. (2017)
Most of the Disney movies are
based on a folktale or are inspired by
them. For example, Cinderella is a
folktale that tells the story of a young
woman living in terrible circumstances.
She lives with her stepmother, because
her father is dead. However, her
situation suddenly changes when she
meets a handsome prince. This story is
told in so many cultures and in many
different ways. We were curious to see
how many people actually know the
original ending to Cinderella, so we
asked this question in our survey. 60% chose the right answer "Cinderella's stepsisters break
their feet and are blinded by birds". There are also a lot of other stories based upon it. There
are also differences in the old and modern versions. In the modern versions, the meaning of
the story has changed very fast to one that focuses on romantic love. In contrast to the
classic story which tells the story of the prince who recognizes Cinderella's true beauty, even
though she does not look pretty in her working clothes. The prince would also have
implications with his social position after he marries Cinderella's. (New World Encyclopedia
contributors (2017)
Folktales have infiltrated themselves in Disney. For example, most of the Disney
movies have a life lesson and most of them also have a moral. This could be something like
that we need to help people when they are in trouble. Disney movies are recognized all
around the world and have contributed to the popularity of folktales today.
Shortly, Disney movies are usually based upon folktales and most of the time they
contain life lessons and show us how we need to behave ourselves around other people.

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Chapter 2 Results
In the results of our first sub question you can see that most great literature is based around
the themes of folktales, that most religions today are still based upon folktales and that even
modern fiction still circles back to folktales.
In the results of our second sub question we found that folktales are still very present
in the culture of Native-Americans today. Their culture is based upon a lot of folktales and
myths surrounding themes like nature and the supernatural. For them to discard these
folktales would equal to them as discarding their culture, which is why in the Native-American
parts of America folktales are still incredibly important today.
Our third sub question we found out that even the popular Disney films are based
upon folktales and that a lot of people actually get the message that these folktales were
trying to convey. Although the movies have become a bit more original nowadays, there are
still a lot of new Disney films being made that are based upon folktales.
We made the survey to research our main question and our third sub question: 'How
do folktales affect America today?' and 'In what ways have folktales infiltrated themselves in
Disney?'. The survey helped us find out how much people know about Disney movies. We
discovered that they know a lot about them. For example, the knew the original end of
Cinderella, but most of the people did not know what the thought is behind the story of Peter
Pan.
We made this survey because Disney movies are mostly based upon folktales. We
also learned how Disney movies affect people in the Netherlands, they still have a lot of
impact on people and they teach us a lot of life lessons. For instance, you should love
yourself and should always help others. We think that the results are the same in America,
because we are both influenced by the same media. The last thing we learned from the
survey is how folktales infiltrated themselves in Disney movies. Our survey told us that a lot
of people still watch Disney movies today and know the messages that are hidden in them.
Because a lot of people watch the Disney movies, the know a lot about folktales by default.
We believe because of the survey that the folktales in Disney movies still have a lot of
impact on America, people know a lot about them and learn important life lessons from them.
Throughout the years the influence of folktales in Disney has declined, but they are still
present in most movies.
Finally, our interviews also showed us that folktales are still very present in media
today and that people are still greatly influenced by them.

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Chapter 3 Conclusion
After our examination we are now able to answer our main question which is: how do
folktales affect America today? Our hypothesis was that folktales are not that influential in
America anymore. However, according to our results this does not appear to be true.

Our results have shown us that folktales are still present in today's society. Before our
research we thought that folktales had almost completely disappeared. It was interesting to
see our hypothesis proven wrong, because it showed us that we should not draw any hasty
conclusions before we have all the facts.

In our first sub question we discovered that folktales are all around us. They are
everywhere in the media. Even though people perceive folktales as old and boring, they are
subjected to them almost every day. Folktales may not be spread the same way that they
used to, but they are still being thrown out into the world. Now by means of the media.
Folktales evolve along with the human race and that is why they are still so relevant and well-
known today.

In our second sub question we looked into the myths and folktales of Native-
Americans. We discovered that they are not as influential as they used to be, but are still
around. Many mythical creatures and folktales have been turned into books and movies and
we are subjected to those a lot in our daily life. Of course, these folktales were a lot more
relevant when America still belonged to the Native-Americans and have lost their initial
meanings. However, they are making a comeback because of television and are becoming
more influential. Although they will never be as influential as they once were.

In our third sub question we looked into the influence of folktales in Disney movies.
According to our research folktales influence the Disney movies greatly. Most Disney movies
are based upon folktales from all over the world. These folktales usually contain messages
and life lessons, which is why they are so frequently used in Disney movies. Children learn
the difference between right and wrong when they watch these movies and at the same time
they are entertaining for them to watch. Although there have been a few movies lately that
are not based upon folktales, most movies still are.

So to conclude, we disproved our hypothesis and now agree that folktales are indeed
still very much present in America today

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Chapter 4 Discussion
Maybe for our follow up investigation we could look into the influence of folktales in Disney a
bit more, because we were not able to research it as much as we would have liked to and we
found the history of Disney very interesting. We also realised that folktales are a lot more
common that we thought in their movies.
It would also be interesting if we could focus on Native-American folktales next time
because they have a rich history and folktales are very important to them.

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Reflections
Noa
I believe the process went pretty well. We created a tight schedule and made sure we had
enough time to finish everything before we had to hand it in and that we had extra time left so
we could correct mistakes. If one of us was not able to do something they had to do, we
would help them and make sure it still got done.
In the beginning we had a bit of a rough start, initially we had a different subject but
later we realized we would not be able to get enough information about that so we changed
it. However, this brought along a lot of problems with our sources and the time, I do feel like
we caught up very fast and since then we have been checking everything twice.
We also had a brief problem with our schedule but we resolved that after the first time
we handed our profile assignment in. Besides that, we cooperated pretty well and made sure
that everyone agreed with what we were doing. We did extensive research and sometimes
that put us in a tight spot with the time we usually spend on homework, but we made sure
that we had finished both of those things for the next day.
Overall, I think it went pretty well, but maybe next time we should decide on our subject a bit
earlier and make sure we would be able to follow the schedule we created from the start.

Inge
I think we did a good job with our assignment. There were a lot of things to do in a pretty
short amount of time. The first two days before our summer break last school year were very
exciting. We worked hard to find good sources for our subject. We made plans and thought
of our main question and sub-questions. When we came back of our break we looked at
what we did before with our teacher Mrs Doup and we realized that it would be very difficult
to find good sources and people who knew a lot about our previous subject. So, we decided
to change our subject a bit.
After that we worked on a good schedule, plan of approach and we filled our journals
pretty quick. We made a lot of progress and it was fun to see how it all came together.
Deadlines came around the corner and stress became something to deal with as well. We
made some mistakes with our sources and research. Luckily, we handled it well and were
able to fix them in time. Unfortunately, Mrs Doup wasn't able to help us anymore, we still
could ask her for help if we needed and our mentor became Miss Troost.
Weeks went on and our schedule was harder to follow. I know I had a hard time
following it, especially if I had other projects and assignments besides our profile assignment.
If we need to do this again I would make our schedule a bit easier to follow during test weeks
and such. Leaving some space between every task we have planned would give me some
more time to finish things and not rush it, so I can complete the task correctly.
In the end I think we did the best we could and I am very pleased with our end result.

Feyza
It was very interesting to research the folklore of America and it was also very entertaining to
do. It did not feel like a school assignment. We learned a lot about folktales in America and it
was a fun subject to research. The Disney paragraph was my favourite paragraph to

18
research, because we grew up with it and we knew a lot about it before we researched it for
our assignment.
The cooperation also went very good, we made the big decisions together. We also
helped each other a lot if someone needed help or if someone had no time to do her
assignment. We also tried to hold on to the time schedule as good and as strict as possible.
It was very difficult to do that, because we had a few very busy weeks, but we managed to
do it.
For me, it was not very difficult to follow the time schedule, even though it was difficult
when we also had other projects and tests. We helped each other so that was very nice,
because you do not have to do it all on your own.
In conclusion, I think we did it very well for our first time, our cooperation went well, we made
the important decisions together and we followed the time schedule as strict as possible.

19
Online sources/literature list
 The sources we want to use in the research are:
 AFSNews (1988). AFS Statement on Ethics: Principles of Professional Responsibility.
Consulted on: 12-09-2017, http://www.afsnet.org/?page=Ethics
 Biography.com Editors (2017), Walt Disney Biography.com, Consulted on: 17-10-
2017, https://www.biography.com/people/walt-disney-9275533
 Caplan, L. (2015). What is the importance of myths and legends today and how do
they impact readers of today?. Consulted on:18-10-17,
https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-importance-myths-legends-today-how-
do-they-487466
 D23. (2013). Disney History. Consulted on: 17-10-2017, https://d23.com/disney-
history/
 Griffin, B.N.(2017). Why Mytholgie Is Still Important Today. Consulted on: 18-10-
2017, http://www.parmaobserver.com/read/2013/02/01/why-mythology-is-still-
important-today
 Khanna, D. (2017). 50 Disney Movies Based On The Public Domain. Consulted on:
16-10-2017, https://www.forbes.com/sites/derekkhanna/2014/02/03/50-disney-
movies-based-on-the-public-domain/#12354bec329c
 Kim, Hae-ri (2003). The role of folktales today. Consulted on: 10-01-18,
http://asianfolktales.unescoapceiu.org/pdf/The%20Role%20of%20Folktales%20Toda
y.pdf
 Langer, M (2000). Walt Disney. Consulted on: 17-10-2017,
http://www.anb.org/articles/18/18-00309.html
 Luebering, J.E. (2010). Native American History. New York: Rosen Education
Service.
 Native American Indian Jewelry, Pottery and Rugs.(Z.D.) Consulted on: 20-10-2017,
https://www.palmstrading.com/sacred-number-four/
 New World Encyclopedia contributors (2017). Cinderella. Consulted on: 16-10-2017,
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cinderella
 Pettinger, T. (2014). Walt Disney Biography. Consulted on: 17-10-2017,
https://www.biographyonline.net/artists/walt-disney.html
 Schlosser, S.E. (2016). Native American Myths: Attack of the Mammoth. Consulted
on: 18-10-2017,
http://americanfolklore.net/folklore/2010/07/attack_of_the_mammoth.html
 Schlosser, S.E.(Z.D.) The Trickster Tricked. Consulted on: 20-10-2017,
http://americanfolklore.net/folklore/2010/07/the_trickster_tricked.html
 Warpaths2peacepipe.com(Z.D.) Native American Names. Consulted on: 20-10-2017,
https://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-american-indian-names/
 Welker, G. (2016). Native American Mythologie. Consulted on: 18-10-2017,
http://www.indigenouspeople.net/stories.htm
 Blackman, W.H. (1998), Field Guide To North American Monsters, Pennsylvania,
Three Rivers Press

20
Attachment 1: The survey
We researched how much Dutch people actually know about the folktales that are present in
the Disney movies by creating a survey. We believe the knowledge of Disney movies would
be the same in America, because Americans and Dutch people watch a lot of the same tv
shows and movies. The results of the survey are written below.
1) Are you a man or a woman?
a) Man
b) Woman

2) How old are you?


The people who filled in our survey are between the ages of 14 and 58, but most of
the responses came from 16 year olds.

3) Have you heard of folktales before?


a) Yes
b) No

21
4) Which Disney movie has had the most impact on you?
Most people answered The Lion King, however the answers varied a lot because it
was an open question and everyone grows up watching different movies.

5) How did this movie affect you?


Besides thinking that it was just a good movie, almost everyone agreed that the
movies taught them valuable life lessons. For instance, you should love yourself and
you should always help others. This proves that the original messages of the folktales
were not lost in the movie adaptions.
6) Which of the Disney movies mentioned below do you know?
a) The adventures of Ichabod Crane and Mr. Toad
b) Cinderella
c) The little mermaid
d) Pinocchio
e) Peter Pan
f) Brother Bear

22
7) What is the thought behind the story of Peter Pan?
a) Peter Pan takes children from families who do not give them enough love.
b) Neverland symbolizes death. (the right answer)
c) Peter Pan kidnaps children against their will.

8) What was the original end of Cinderella?


a) Cinderella's stepsisters break their feet and are blinded by birds. (the right
answer)
b) Cinderella's stepmother commits suicide.
c) The prince is revealed to be Cinderella's brother.

23
9) What play of Shakespeare is the Lion King based upon?
a) Hamlet (the right answer)
b) Macbeth
c) Othello

10) Do you think that the messages in the folk stories are still relevant?
a) Yes
b) No

24
11) Disney was founded in 1923, do you think that the stories in the folktales were still
relevant as they were portrayed in the movies?
a) Yes
b) No

12) Which movie made Walt Disney a millionaire?


a) Frozen
b) Alice in wonderland
c) Snow White (the right answer)

25
13) Do you think the stories have changed over the years?
a) Yes
b) No

14) On a scale of 1 to 10, how well do you think the folktales are being turned into stories
for children?

26
Attachment 2: Career orientation paragraph
Introduction
For our career orientation paragraph we conducted interviews with practitioners and
professors of American folktales. We emailed the American Folklore Society and asked them
if we could interview someone who related to our topic. A few days later we got a couple of
emails from people who were interested in giving us an interview.
We interviewed: Jill Terry Rudy, Associate Professor of English at Brigham Young
University, Provo, Utah, USA. Sara Cleto and Brittany Warman, both students who want to
become professors. Dr. Claudia Schwabe, Assistant Professor of German at Utah State
University, USA and Bert Hogemans, director of the Gelderland-Zuid Library and
doctorandus of American Studies. Most of the people were only able to send us an email
with their answers, but we were able to skype with some of them.
We got a lot of information from them and a lot of insight into their jobs and studies. We will
only put one interview below and for the rest we have created a separate paragraph.

Interview Jill Terry


1. What's your name?
Jill Terry Rudy, Associate Professor of English at Brigham Young University, Provo,
Utah, USA
2. Are the messages in folktales still relevant today?
Absolutely. I’m currently teaching a Myth, Legend, and Folktale class. Our course
question centers on how social value attaches to these stories. Here are just a few of
our key ideas: Folktale, and folk narrative, themes are very relevant in terms of
creation, destruction, nature, justice, heroes, family relationships, friendship, love,
death and many more. The narrative structures help us tell and appreciate new
stories with features that involve a hero-figure leaving home to face challenges,
receive help, conquer tests and villains, and return home wiser and with new status
(Propp’s 31 functions).
3. Do you think that folktales are still as important to Americans today as they were in
the past?
It depends where you look. If you think about orally told tales, then probably not as
important, although there are storytelling festivals around the country that are very
well attended. Check out these sites: http://www.storytellingcenter.net/festival/;
https://timpfest.org/events/28th-annual-timpanogos-storytelling-festival/.
Folktales (fairy tales, superhero stories, legends, myths) still are very present in
popular culture. Thor: Ragnarok just opened with box office success.
Family stories and personal narratives also are very important in daily life and around
holidays and life cycle events (birth, baptism, wedding, funeral).
4. What do you think is the most popular folktale in America?
We have a database of fairy tales on television (fttv.byu.edu), and “Snow White” (ATU
709) has appeared the most in the past 65 years, closely followed by “Cinderella”
(ATU 510A).

27
5. Do people still believe in it?
Since it’s a fairy tale, it isn’t believed in, but it is an influence on attitudes, life choices,
etc.
6. What is your favourite folktale?
For the past couple years, I’ve been very interested in stories involving Baba Yaga.
7. Over the years that you've been working, have you noticed a decline in interest for
folktales?
No, I think the interest is increasing.
8. Do the morals of folktales come back in books that are written today?
Yes. There are many popular contemporary fairy-tale retellings. Some retellings my
students enjoy are Shannon Hale’s The Goose Girl series and Book of a Thousand
Days; Gail Carson Levine’s Ella Enchanted and her other fairy-tale books; Robin
McKinley’s Beauty; and Marissa Meyer’s Lunar Chronicles series.
9. Have we maintained the values from the folktales? Or have they changed?
Both maintained and changed. We still deal with core human issues like love,
belonging, growing up, overcoming trials, death and we value family, friendship,
honesty, justice, mercy. But, the retellings and new treatments also change to
emphasize the concerns and issues that we value most now: gender issues would be
one way of identifying changing values.

Reflections
Noa
I found it very interesting to talk to people who actually study and teach the subject of
folktales. It was also amazing that we were able to talk to people from America and they
helped us a lot. We got a lot of information from them and they loved the fact that we were
interested in folktales in America. I expected some pretty simple answers but they actually
answered us in detail and gave us some surprising answers.
I'm usually pretty shy so for me to reach out like this to people is a big deal. However,
I noticed that it wasn't that difficult and was able to learn from it. It has also made me even
more interested in folktales and teaching.

Inge
I learned a lot from the interviews. I found it fun to read all the different answers from different
people in America and even one in the Netherlands. It is good to have so many opinions on
this subject, because everyone thinks differently and experiences other things.
If someone thinks folktales have no influence on the society today, he or she can
explain why and you can learn from it. Also, we had a lot more responses to our emails than
we anticipated, but that was not a problem. The information we got was very useful for our
profile assignment.

28
Feyza
It was very interesting to read the answers to our questions, we got a lot of different answers
from different people in America and even in the Netherlands. It is good to have a lot of
different answers so you can broaden you vision and with a lot of answers you can write a
better profile assignment because you are able to look at it from different sides.
After these interviews I got a lot more interested in folktales and in teaching them to
other people, for example as a teacher at a primary school to little children. When you are a
teacher at a primary school you also need to explain folktales and read them together or
watch Disney movies so the children will get interested in folktales.

29
Attachment 3: The interviews
Interview with Claudia Schwabe
1. What's your name?
Dr. Claudia Schwabe, Assistant Professor of German at Utah State University, USA
2. Are the messages in folktales still relevant today?
Absolutely. There are many themes in fairy tales that are still very relevant today. We
can learn from fairy tales because they deal with profound cultural issues and
contradictions such as innocence versus seduction (Little Red Riding Hood),
monstrosity versus compassion (Beauty and the Beast), hunger versus surviving by
using your wits (Hansel and Gretel), jealousy of someone more beautiful or younger
(Snow White), etc.
3. Do you think that folktales are still as important to Americans today as they were in
the past?
As a form of entertainment yes – all of the modern fantasy films and narratives
contain fairy tale motifs. From Star Wars to Marvel’s Superhero films – people still
love fairy tales and fairy-tale inspired stories.
4. What do you think is the most popular folktale in America?
“Cinderella” - the rags to riches story corresponds to the American Dream
5. Do people still believe in it?
In the case of the American Dream, yes!
6. What is your favorite folktale?
The Star Money/Talers/Coins (Sterntaler) by the Brothers Grimm
7. Over the years that you've been working, have you noticed a decline in interest for
folktales?
Perhaps a decline in traditional oral storytelling formats but definitively an increase in
fairy-tale material in general. In 2011, the two television series Grimm and Once Upon
a Time aired and the latter is still running! Fairy tales are very much present in
popular culture and the entertainment industry, perhaps now more than ever before.
In addition, Disney is producing one live action fairy-tale retelling after the other. We
also have fairy-tale mash ups such as Shrek and Into the Woods. Not just in the
movie theaters but also as theater productions (Broadway Shows) and in the form of
comic books and video games.
8. Do the morals of folktales come back in books that are written today?
Contemporary texts feature different, perhaps “modern” morals – they emphasize
values that are important and relevant today, such as emancipation and gender
issues, aspects of diversity, sexual orientations, etc.
9. Have we maintained the values from the folktales? Or have they changed?
This goes back to your question number 2 about the messages. Yes, some of the
values have persevered but other values have been added. Women, for example, are
portrayed in much stronger, independent, emancipated roles than before. Also, Prince

30
Charming is no longer “necessary” for a happy ending and the rehabilitation and
redemption of villains plays a major role these days in fairy-tale retellings.

31
Interview with Sara Cleto and Brittany Warman
1. What's your name?
Sara Cleto and Brittany Warman
2. Are the messages in folktales still relevant today?
It really depends on what kind of folktale you mean. Sometimes folktales expound
very outdated ideas, but sometimes they speak to contemporary concerns very well.
We work primarily with fairy tales and legends, and we certainly think that these folk
narratives are extremely important to American culture today.
3. Do you think that folktales are still as important to Americans today as they were in
the past?
Absolutely, they've just changed form. While we may not sit around fires telling stories
every night, we still come back to these old stories over and over again and create
new ones all the time.
4. What do you think is the most popular folktale in America?
If you're including fairy tales, we would have to say "Cinderella" is probably the most
popular tale in America. The story speaks to American ideas about rags-to-riches and
improving your life despite where you come from.
5. Do people still believe in it?
Oh yes! It's basically shorthand for the "American Dream" :).
6. What is your favourite folktale?
Sara's favourite fairy tale is "Beauty and the Beast." Brittany's favourite is "Sleeping
Beauty."
7. Over the years that you've been working, have you noticed a decline in interest for
folktales?
No, not at all! Folklore still resonates deeply with many different kinds of people and it
absolutely thrives on the internet!
8. Do the morals of folktales come back in books that are written today?
Yes, all the time! People are always coming back to folk narratives and retelling them
to speak to today's world.
9. Have we maintained the values from the folktales? Or have they changed?
Folktales mean different things to every person who tells and/or hears them so a lot of
the old values are still around, but there are also many variations that exist alongside
them.

32
Interview with Jill Terry
1. What's your name?
Jill Terry Rudy, Associate Professor of English at Brigham Young University, Provo,
Utah, USA
2. Are the messages in folktales still relevant today?
Absolutely. I’m currently teaching a Myth, Legend, and Folktale class. Our course's
question centres on how social value attaches to these stories. Here are just a few of
our key ideas: Folktale, and folk narrative, themes are very relevant in terms of
creation, destruction, nature, justice, heroes, family relationships, friendship, love,
death and many more. The narrative structures help us tell and appreciate new
stories with features that involve a hero-figure leaving home to face challenges,
receive help, conquer tests and villains, and return home wiser and with new status
(Propp’s 31 functions).
3. Do you think that folktales are still as important to Americans today as they were in
the past?
It depends where you look. If you think about orally told tales, then probably not as
important, although there are storytelling festivals around the country that are very
well attended. Check out these sites: http://www.storytellingcenter.net/festival/;
https://timpfest.org/events/28th-annual-timpanogos-storytelling-festival/.
Folktales (fairy tales, superhero stories, legends, myths) still are very present in
popular culture. Thor: Ragnarok just opened with box office success.
Family stories and personal narratives also are very important in daily life and around
holidays and life cycle events (birth, baptism, wedding, funeral).
4. What do you think is the most popular folktale in America?
We have a database of fairy tales on television (fttv.byu.edu), and “Snow White” (ATU
709) has appeared the most in the past 65 years, closely followed by “Cinderella”
(ATU 510A).
5. Do people still believe in it?
Since it’s a fairy tale, it isn’t believed in, but it is an influence on attitudes, life choices,
etc.
6. What is your favourite folktale?
For the past couple years, I’ve been very interested in stories involving Baba Yaga.
7. Over the years that you've been working, have you noticed a decline in interest for
folktales?
No, I think the interest is increasing.
8. Do the morals of folktales come back in books that are written today?
Yes. There are many popular contemporary fairy-tale retellings. Some retellings my
students enjoy are Shannon Hale’s The Goose Girl series and Book of a Thousand
Days; Gail Carson Levine’s Ella Enchanted and her other fairy-tale books; Robin
McKinley’s Beauty; and Marissa Meyer’s Lunar Chronicles series.

33
9. Have we maintained the values from the folktales? Or have they changed?
Both maintained and changed. We still deal with core human issues like love,
belonging, growing up, overcoming trials, death and we value family, friendship,
honesty, justice, mercy. But, the retellings and new treatments also change to
emphasize the concerns and issues that we value most now: gender issues would be
one way of identifying changing values.

34
Interview with Bert Hogemans
1. What is your name?
Bert Hogemans, director of the Gelderland-Zuid Library and doctorandus of American
Studies.
2. Are the messages in folktales still relevant today?
The great thing about folktales is that they are about things that keep people
occupied. People like to explain what is happening around them. Folktales (like many
religious writings) are a reflection of that urge to explain. Especially when it comes to
phenomena that can not easily be explained, you see that folk tales become even
more fantastic. Consider, for example, the wrath of the gods as an explanation for
thunderstorms. You could therefore expect folk tales to become less important as
science progresses. That is not the case however.
3. Do you think that folktales are still as important to Americans today as they were in
the past?
The value and form of folk tales change, but the interest does not disappear.
Whereas in the past they were necessary to provide security and guidance in a
natural environment that you can not influence as a person, nowadays they are much
more binding for the people they belong to. They give a sense of cultural identity that
is becoming increasingly important, especially for groups that are suppressed or
marginalized. In America, for example, you are talking about Native Americans and
African Americans, but also about Mexican immigrants who bring their own culture.
4. What do you think is the most popular folktale in America?
The stories of Brer Rabbit are probably the most iconic folktales and are relatively
much in the spotlight. If you see the Thanksgiving story as a folk story, then that is
probably the most well-known.
5. Do people still believe in it?
Believing is a big word. A few people will literally believe in talking animals and
miracles that happen. The core of these stories remains intact, often the stories are
about cleverness versus power and well against evil. Just like Disney movies actually.
That theme is of all times.
6. What is your favourite folktale?
From my own background, that must be 'King of the Birds'. That story was used in
various ways during my training and abused and so it remains stuck. About how the
wren could fly higher than the eagle and became king of the birds.
7. Over the years that you've been working, have you noticed a decline in interest for
folktales?
I can not make a statement about it. However I can say something about the above-
mentioned change in interest, availability and relevance. In my opinion, that does not
change.
8. Do the morals of folktales come back in books that are written today?
Hell yes. Stories continue to be about things that occupy, amaze and inspire us. They
are not essentially different from hundreds of years ago. See also answer 5.

35
9. Have we maintained the values from the folktales? Or have they changed?
Our value system is constantly changing. If you asked this question to the people who
lived when the classic folktales were written (that is a different time than the one in
which they originated) they would not recognize their norms and values in the way we
shape the world and interact with each other. At the core, the values remain: good
wins from evil for example. But what was 'good' at that time is sometimes 'evil' and
vice versa. For example, we can not imagine that it was once normal for people to be
held in slavery. In the days when folk tales originated, it was quite normal.
Conversely, our current sexual morality, for example, can not be explained to
someone from 1850. Precisely because of the changing picture of the times, it
remains extremely interesting to see what the story of then can still teach us about
the time of today.

36
Attachment 4: Ethical paragraph
Casus
Onze ethische analyse is gebaseerd rondom de vraag of een auteur toestemming moet
vragen voor het gebruik van bestaande volksverhalen.

Vaak zitten er auteursrechten op geschreven literatuur en wij vroegen ons af of er dan ook
auteursrechten op volksverhalen horen te zitten, zowel mondeling overgedragen verhalen als
geschreven. Het auteursrecht is ontstaan om mensen die iets origineels creëren te
beschermen van fraude.
Auteursrecht betekend dat de auteur volle recht heeft op zijn werk en hij als enigste
mag beslissen wat er mee gebeurt, als iemand anders dus zijn werk verkoopt of namaakt
zonder zijn toestemming kan diegene gestraft worden door de wet. Een auteur heeft
automatisch recht op zijn werk zonder dat aan te hoeven vragen, maar als hij wilt kan hij zijn
auteursrechten verkopen en heeft daarna dus geen inspraak meer op hoe zijn werk wordt
gebruikt. Alhoewel de auteur nog wel persoonlijke rechten heeft en dus altijd kan vragen om
naamvermelding.
Volksverhalen bestaan al heel lang en werden vooral mondeling doorgegeven. Nu nog
steeds geven familieleden vaak verhalen die al lang in hun familie zijn via vertelling door aan
hun kinderen of kleinkinderen. Natuurlijk kunnen de mensen die de verhalen bedacht hebben
en overleden zijn geen auteursrecht meer hebben op het verhaal, maar het zou niet eerlijk
zijn als andere mensen zouden gaan zeggen dat zij het verhaal bedacht hebben en dat er
dan geen bewijs tegen is.
Er zijn genoeg mensen die andermans verhalen afspelen als die van henzelf en er
mee wegkomen omdat het verhaal nooit op papier is gezet. Dit zorgt ervoor dat veel
originele ideeën van mensen worden afgenomen en ze er niet eens herkenning voor krijgen.

Belanghebbenden
Belanghebbenden Belang Waarden
1. Maatschappij De maatschappij heeft het liefst dat  Duidelijkheid
alles duidelijk is, dat ze weten waar ze  Eensgezindheid
aan toe zijn en wat wel en niet mag en  Gelijkwaardigheid
kan. Ook willen ze dat iedereen het er
mee eens is. Echter willen ze ook dat
iedereen de volksverhalen mag
verspreiden en er dus
gelijkwaardigheid ontstaat.
2. Overheid De overheid wilt dat er  Rechtvaardigheid
rechtvaardigheid is voor iedereen die
de verhalen verspreid en dat ze ook
beboet worden als ze iets doen wat
niet kan. Ze willen rechtvaardigheid,
omdat je niet zomaar volksverhalen
die andere mensen hebben bedacht,
mag verspreiden.
3. Bedenkers Bedenkers van de verhalen hebben  Rechtvaardigheid
van verhalen als belang, dat de verspreiders van de  Beleefdheid
verhalen een boete krijgen. Ook willen  Originaliteit

37
ze dat hun verhalen niet door andere  Waardering
mensen verspreid worden, dat mensen
dat ook niet doen en dat ze zelf een
verhaal gaan verzinnen in plaats van
andere verhalen verspreiden. Verder
willen ze ook dat hun verhalen
gewaardeerd worden.
4. Kinderen Kinderen willen de verhalen natuurlijk  Nieuwgierigheid
gewoon te horen krijgen en zelf ook uit  Enthousiasme
enthousiasme de verhalen delen met  Gelijkwaardigheid
andere mensen. Verder willen ze dat
iedereen de volksverhalen mag
verspreiden en er dus
gelijkwaardigheid ontstaat.
5. Ouders Ouders willen hun kinderen natuurlijk  Enthousiasme
alle verhalen die ze gehoord hebben  Gelijkwaardigheid
van hun ouders of naasten uit
enthousiasme met hun kinderen delen
en hun de cultuur meegeven. Verder
willen ze dat iedereen de
volksverhalen mag verspreiden en er
dus gelijkwaardigheid ontstaat.

Ethische vraag
Moet je als verspreider van volksverhalen toestemming (auteursrechten) hebben om
volksverhalen te verspreiden die al bestaan?

Dilemma
Het dilemma is gelijkwaardigheid tegen rechtvaardigheid. Gelijkwaardigheid, omdat iedereen
volksverhalen mag kunnen verspreiden ook al zijn ze niet de bedenker ervan. Iedereen zou
het mogen verspreiden en als iedereen het mag verspreiden ontstaat er dus
gelijkwaardigheid. Het maakt niet uit of je de bedenker bent of niet, iedereen is dan gelijk.
Rechtvaardigheid, omdat iedereen beboet moet worden als ze het verhaal niet zelf bedacht
hebben en het toch verspreiden. Dit kan niet beiden gerealiseerd worden, omdat als
iedereen volksverhalen mag verspreiden en er dus gelijkwaardigheid is, je geen
rechtvaardigheid hebt en je dus de mensen die het verspreiden niet kunt beboeten. Je moet
dan kiezen voor rechtvaardigheid of gelijkwaardigheid.

38
Afweging
Waarde/keuze Belanghebbenden Gevolg +/- Waarde(n)
Gelijkwaardigheid Maatschappij + De maatschappij Duidelijkheid
kan de verhalen Gelijkwaardigheid
gebruiken zonder
dat ze de rechten
van de auteur
schenden.
- Echter wil de Eensgezindheid
maatschappij ook
dat iedereen het
eens is met de
regels voor het
verspreiden van de
volksverhalen.
Overheid + Als iedereen gelijk Gelijkheid
wordt behandeld is Duidelijkheid
er geen gedoe meer Tolerantie
over wie wel en wie
niet verhalen mag
verspreiden.
- De auteurs zullen Kalmte
hun recht om hun Saamhorigheid
verhalen te
beschermen niet
kunnen gebruiken
als er
gelijkwaardigheid is.
Bedenkers van + Hun verhalen Waardering
verhalen worden meer Originaliteit
verspreid als er
geen copyright op
zit.
- Auteurs zullen hun Beleefdheid
inkomsten mislopen
wanneer ze niet zelf
kunnen bepalen wie
het verhaal mogen
door vertellen.
Kinderen + Kinderen kunnen Nieuwgierigheid
zonder problemen Enthousiasme
naar volksverhalen
luisteren en later
door vertellen aan
hun kinderen.
- Na een langere tijd Originaliteit
weten mensen niet
meer door wie de
verhalen zijn
bedacht en wat het
origineel was.
Ouders + Ouders kunnen Enthousiasme
zonder problemen
de volksverhalen

39
vertellen aan hun
kinderen. Dit doen
ze vaak uit
enthousiasme en om
de kinderen een les
te leren.
- Ouders zullen de Originaliteit
verhalen elke keer
weer een beetje
anders aan hun
kinderen doorgeven
waardoor de
verhalen in de loop
der tijd veranderen.

Waarde/keuze Belanghebbenden Gevolg +/- Waarde(n)


Rechtvaardigheid Maatschappij + De maatschappij Beleefdheid
let beter op als er Attentheid
boetes komen op Begrip
het verspreiden van
volksverhalen die je
niet zelf hebt
bedacht.
- De mensen in de Bedachtzaam
maatschappij zullen
het verhaal niet
verder vertellen
omdat ze bang zijn
om regels te
overtreden.
Overheid + De boetes die de Winst
overheid uitdeelt
zullen extra geld
opleveren voor de
overheid en voor de
bedenkers van de
verhalen.
- Het zal heel lastig Nuttigheid
zijn om te
controleren of
mensen de verhalen
zonder toestemming
verspreiden.
Bedenkers van + De bedenkers van Winst
verhalen de verhalen zullen Originaliteit
nu gewaardeerd Gedrevenheid
worden (doormiddel Geduld
van betaling) omdat
ze een nieuw
verhaal bedenken.
- Het verhaal zal een Eensgezindheid
minder groot succes
zijn omdat de
mensen in de

40
maatschappij de
verhalen niet verder
verteld.
Kinderen + Kinderen zullen Beroemdheid
schrijvers en
bedenkers van
ongeschreven
verhalen herkennen
omdat ze weten van
wie het verhaal is.
- Veel kinderen Alledaagsheid
zullen weinig tot
geen volksverhalen
meer horen van hun
ouders als je ervoor
zouden moeten
betalen.
Ouders + Ouders geven aan Duidelijkheid
wie de verhalen
hebben bedacht als
ze het aan hun
kinderen vertellen
waardoor er meer
duidelijkheid
ontstaan over de
achtergrond van de
verhalen.
- Veel ouders zullen Gemak
de verhalen steeds
minder gaan
vertellen als het te
lastig wordt om er
rechten op te
krijgen.

Het oordeel
Wanneer je gaat kijken naar de verschillende waardes, zal je zien dat het best lastig is om
rechtvaardigheid en gelijkwaardigheid beiden na te streven. Als je alle belangstellende
naloopt, welke waardes die hebben, kan je zien dat gelijkwaardigheid meer wordt
gewaardeerd en positievere gevolgen heeft. De auteurs (bedenkers van verhalen) zouden er
minder voordelig uit kunnen komen. Rechtvaardigheid is vooral in het belang van de auteurs
en misschien kan de overheid er ook wat voordelen uit halen.
In het geval van de auteurs is het lastig kiezen. Zij zullen in beide gevallen voordelen
en nadelen ontdekken. Als je voor gelijkwaardigheid gaat is het zo dat de auteurs minder
winst zullen maken doordat er geen regels zijn voor auteursrechten op volksverhalen.
Wanneer je naar rechtvaardigheid streeft is het zo dat er minder naamsbekendheid is voor
de desbetreffende auteur. Doordat er auteursrechten op de gesproken verhalen staat is het
moeilijker en onduidelijker voor de maatschappij, ouders en kinderen. Ouders weten dan niet
goed of ze wel of geen rechten hebben om het verhaal aan hun kinderen te vertellen.
Gelijkheid zal in verhouding met rechtvaardigheid meer opleveren voor iedereen.
Daarom lijkt ons gelijkwaardigheid de beste keuze/waarde om na te leven.

41
De norm
Je mag zelf weten of je volksverhalen verder verteld, als verspreider van volksverhalen heb
je geen toestemming nodig.

Meningen
Inge
Ik vind dat je moet proberen om de waarde gelijkwaardigheid na te streven. Als je terug kijkt
naar hoe volksverhalen zijn ontstaan merk je dat er toen ook geen spraken was van rechten
op een gesproken verhaal.
Volksverhalen zijn door de jaren heen veranderd omdat de wereld waar in we leven
ook veranderd is. Met auteursrechten zou dat niet meer kunnen. Alle partijen kunnen
positievere gevolgen hebben in vergelijking met rechtvaardigheid, de een misschien iets
groter dan de ander.

Feyza
Ik vind dat we met de maatschappij en de samenleving moeten proberen om
gelijkwaardigheid na te streven, dat betekent dat iedereen volksverhalen mag aanpassen en
verspreiden hoe ze dat willen.
Ik vind dit doordat als dit niet zou kunnen en mogen je dan ook de volksverhalen die
nu bestaan niet zou kunnen krijgen, je zou dan alleen maar allemaal dezelfde volksverhalen
krijgen. Dit komt doordat niemand dan iets mocht en kan aanpassen en hierdoor je maar een
paar volksverhalen krijgt, want volksverhalen zijn over de jaren heen enorm veranderd en
dus ook aangepast. Als we met zijn allen rechtvaardigheid zouden willen nastreven dan zou
dit best wel lastig gaan aangezien je dan moet uitzoeken wie de volksverhalen heeft
veranderd en ze beboeten, maar dan zouden er alleen maar allemaal dezelfde volksverhalen
zijn.

Noa
Ik vind dat we rechtvaardigheid moeten nastreven in onze maatschappij. Dat betekent dus
dat de volksverhalen niet verandert mogen worden en er auteursrechten op moeten zitten.
Dit is mijn mening omdat ik geloof dat er te veel verhalen tegenwoordig verspreid
worden zonder dat er credit gegeven wordt aan de auteur. Voor mijn gevoel maakt het niet
uit of een verhaal op papier geschreven is of mondeling overgedragen is, maar degene die
het verhaal bedacht heeft moet daar credit voor krijgen en dus ook alle rechten op het
verhaal. Het moet het recht van de bedenker zijn om het verhaal te verspreiden en het moet
ook hun recht zijn om te bepalen wie het verder mag gebruiken. Rechtvaardigheid nastreven
kost misschien veel moeite, maar dat is altijd zo. Als je rechtvaardigheid nastreeft hebben de
bedenkers van het verhaal in elk geval recht op wat zij gecreëerd hebben, het is dan hun
keuze of ze daarvan gebruik maken of niet, maar er kan in elk geval geen misbruik van hun
verhalen gemaakt worden.

42
Attachment 5: Plan of approach

Main How do folktales affect America today?


question
Sub  How have folktales infiltrated in Disney?
questions  Hoe relevant are the messages in folktales today in the American
society?
 How did Native American folktales affect America in the past and what is
the contrast with today?
Hypothesis  We think that folktales are not that influential in America anymore.
Working  Literature/internet research
method  Interview with a few professors
 Survey
Sources for  Books: Luebering, J.E. (2010). Native American History. New York:
information Rosen Education Service, Blackman, W.H. (1998), Field Guide To North
American Monsters, Pennsylvania, Three Rivers Press
 Internet: http://www.afsnet.org/?page=Ethics ,
http://www.anb.org/articles/18/18-00309.html ,
https://www.biographyonline.net/artists/walt-disney.html ,
https://www.biography.com/people/walt-disney-9275533 ,
https://d23.com/disney-history/ ,
http://www.parmaobserver.com/read/2013/02/01/why-mythology-is-still-
important-today ,
http://americanfolklore.net/folklore/2010/07/the_trickster_tricked.html ,
http://www.indigenouspeople.net/stories.htm ,
https://www.palmstrading.com/sacred-number-four/ ,
https://www.forbes.com/sites/derekkhanna/2014/02/03/50-disney-movies-
based-on-the-public-domain/#12354bec329c ,
http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Cinderella ,
http://americanfolklore.net/folklore/native-american-myths ,
https://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/native-american-indian-names/ ,
https://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-importance-myths-legends-
today-how-do-they-487466
 Interviews: Claudia Schwabe, Jill Terry, Bert Hogemans, Sara Cleto,
Brittany Warman.
Divisions of  Together: Make the survey
tasks  Noa: Make the interview for the career orientation paragraph, main
question, 2nd sub question and 3rd sub question.
 Inge: Make the 1st sub question
 Feyza: Make the 2nd sub question and the 3rd sub question
How are we going to do this with our research? We use literature research most of the time,
so a lot of book and internet sources. But we want to try to take interviews with literature
experts. Who/what do we need for this and how much? We need book and internet sources
and information from experts on this subject.

43
Attachment 6: Schedule
Wk Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
& Sunday
28 Profile assignment
day 1
Make the
preparatory
assignment,
resource research,
read documents,
read other profile
assignments, give
them plus points
and minus points,
make a main
question and sub
questions and find
a subject.
(All, 3 hours)
28 Profile Day off Day off
assignment
day 2
Make the
preparatory
assignment
and read
the
explanation
about the
ethical
paragraph.
Make the
plan of
approach,
schedule,
and a main
question
and sub
questions.
Also, Noa
and Feyza
are going
to do the
Word-
cursus.

44
(All, 7
hours)
(Word-
cursus,
Feyza and
Noa, 1
hour)
29 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer
vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

30 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

31 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

32 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

33 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

34 Summer Summer Summer Summer Summer vacation Summer


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation

35 Day off Free after


12:00

36 Find Plan of approach


sources. Schedule
(All, 1 hour) Journal
37 Make the Make a Saturday:
schedule case and Make the
more background lay-out and
detailed. information check the
(All, Feyza for the sub-
and Noa, ethical questions.
Inge was paragraph. (Noa, 2
sick, 1 hour) (Noa, 3 hours)
Think of an hours) Sunday:
ethical Check the
question. plan of
(All, 1 hour) approach
and the
schedule.
(Feyza, 1
hour)
38 Check the Ethics question Saturday:
lay-out. Description profile Make the
(All, 1 hour) assignment cover.

45
(Noa, 1
hour)
39 Test week Test week Test week Test week Sunday:
Make the Make the
plan of survey.
approach. (All, 2
(Noa, 1 hours)
hour)
40 Check the Put Saturday:
journals, everything Make the
main- in 1 interview,
question document. change the
and sub- (Inge, 2 journal and
questions. hours) make the
(Noa and Adjust the hypothesis.
Feyza, 1 journals and (Noa, 2
hour) the hours)
Put schedule. Sunday:
everything (Feyza, 1 Make the
in 1 hour) introduction
document. and
(Inge, 1 translate
hour) the survey
Adjust the and put it in
survey, the
translate the document.
lay-out and (Feyza, 2
adjust the hours)
sub-
questions.
(Noa, 2
hours)
41 Translate Translate Make the Introduction Saturday:
the journals. the table of (literature- survey) Make a list
(All, 1 hour) schedule contents Lay-out of things
Enter the and make and print assignment we still
results of the minutes. the profile Plan of approach have to do
the survey, Change the assignment. Schedule together
make the font style (Feyza, 1 Journals and finish
table of and the size hour) First results the time
contents and make a research schedule.
and add the table of (All, 1 hour)
Make the preface.
final contents. E-mail
(Feyza, 1 hour)
interview (Feyza, 2 someone
questions. hours) about the
(Noa, 2 Translate interview
hours) the plan of and
approach. change the

46
Review and (Inge, 1 order of the
translate the hour) sub-
old sources Check the questions.
and add entire profile Make a
new assignment document
sources. for spelling for the
(Inge, 2 and ethical
hours) grammar paragraph.
Translate mistakes. (Noa, 2
the (Noa, 2 hours)
schedule. hours) Sunday:
(Feyza, 1 Put
hour) pictures of
the graphs
in the
survey.
(Inge, 1
hour)

42 Autumn Autumn Autumn Autumn Autumn vacation Autumn


vacation vacation vacation vacation vacation
Finish the casus
Find Find Find basic and background Sunday:
information information information information for the Make the
about about Walt about ethical paragraph. people of
famous Disney. Native- (Noa, 2 hours) interests,
folktales American the ethical
(Noa, 2
turned into myths and question
hours)
Disney folktales. and the
films. problem for
(Feyza, 2
(Feyza, 2 the ethical
hours)
hours) paragraph.
Find (Feyza, 2
Find
information hours)
information
about in
about how
what ways
folktales
the myths
influence
and
America
folktales of
today.
Native-
(Inge, 2 Americans
hours) are similar
to the
Change
folktales of
the order of
Americans.
the sub
questions, (Noa, 2
make the hours)
lay-out for

47
the ethical
paragraph
and send
an email
regarding
our career
orientation
paragraph.
(Noa, 2
hours)

43 Make Problem (ethical


changes in paragraph)
the profile
assignment
with the
notes the
teacher
gave us.
(All, 1 hour)
Make a
comparative
assessment,
the
judgement
and the
norm.
(Inge, 2
hours)
44 Draw the
conclusion
for the main
question.
(Noa, 2
hours)
45 E-mail
people we
want to
interview.
(Noa, 1
hour)
46 Test week Test week Test week Test week Test week
47 Test week Alter our Make the Reflection profile Saturday:
source introduction assignment, ethical Translate
references. of the paragraph and the whole
(Noa, 2 career career orientation interview
hours) orientation paragraph. with mister
paragraph. (Separately, 2 Hogemans.
hours each)

48
(Noa, 1 (Feyza, 1
hour) hour)
Write down
when you
consulted
the source.
(Feyza and
Inge, 1
hour)
48 Make the
summary.
(Inge, 2
hours)
Use the
notes our
teacher
gave us to
improve our
profile
assignment.
(All, 1 hour)
49 Change Make Give the The other steps
the time references entire SOM and on paper
schedule in the sub profile Provisional final
(Feyza, 1 questions assignment product
hour) (Feyza, 2 the correct
hours) style and
add more
images to
the entire
document.
(Feyza, 4
hours)
50
51
52 Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas holiday Christmas
holiday holiday holiday holiday holiday

1 Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas Christmas holiday Christmas


holiday holiday holiday holiday holiday

2 Start Add some Sunday:


second half results to Correct the
year the Native- whole
American document
paragraph. with the
(Noa, 1 feedback
hour) we got (All,
4 hours)

49
3 Final Give the Final assignment
grammar entire profile including
and spelling assignment attachments(paper)
check. the correct
(Noa, 2 style and
hours) add more
images to
the entire
document.
(Feyza, 4
hours)
4

5
6 Presentation

50
Attachment 7: Journals
Journal Noa
Date Time Location Activities Reflection/comments
07-07-2017 12:30- TBL, Started on We should have spent a little
Profile 15:00 classroom the profile less time on our sources and
assignment (2 and half 150 assignment, some more time on checking our
day 1 hours) did the main- and sub questions so we
preparatory would not have had to correct
assignment, them later.
researched
our sources,
read the
documents,
read other
profile
assignment
and
criticized
them and
made main-
and sub
questions.
10-07-2017 9:00-12:00 TBL, Started on We should have prepared the
Profile 14:00- classroom the profile time schedule and plan of
assignment 14:30 150 assignment, approach a bit better so we
day 2 (3 and a did the would not have had to change it
half hours) preparatory at the beginning of this year.
assignment,
had a class
about the
ethical
paragraph.
Plan of
approach,
time
schedule
and main-
and sub
questions.
05-09-2017 14:10- TBL, Found new We corrected our main- and sub
Tuesday 15:10 classroom sources, questions so we could start our
Profile (1 hour) 250 corrected profile assignment properly.
assignment our main-
hour and sub
questions
and
specified our
subject.
12-09-2017 14:10- TBL, Adjusted our We adjusted our time schedule
Tuesday 15:10 classroom time to the right weeks and we found
Profile 19:00- 250 and at schedule. a good ethical question.
assignment 20:30 home We thought
hour (2 and a of our
half hours) subject for

51
the ethical
paragraph
together and
I wrote the
casus alone.
13-09-2017 19:00- At home Background I worked ahead on the ethical
Saturday 22:00 information paragraph.
(2 hours) and
continued
working on
the casus.
16-09-2017 14:00- At home Created the We should have done this in
Saturday 17:00 lay-out English from the beginning.
(3 hours)
19-09-2017 14:10- TBL, Checked We corrected it together but did
Tuesday 15:10 classroom and not translate it into English.
Profile (1 hour) 250 corrected
assignment the lay-out
hour together.
23-09-2017 14:00- At home I made the I wasted too much time on
Saturday 16:00 cover. looking for a good picture.
(2 hours)
26-09-2017 15:10- At home Plan of I had to adjust it to our new
Tuesday 16:10 approach main-and sub questions.
(1 hour) (partially)
1-10-2017 10:00- At home Made the We should have specified it to
Sunday 13:00 (together) survey. one sub question right away.
(3 hours)
3-10-2017 18:00- At home Corrected I corrected the survey to fit our
Tuesday 21:00 the survey Disney sub-question and I
(3 hours) and send it changed our final sub-question
to people, because I found something more
translated interesting
the Lay-out
and
changed the
final sub-
question.
6-10-2017 14:30- School, Worked on I tried to focus it solely on our
Friday 15:30 classroom the interview second sub-question.
(1 hour) 250 questions.
7-10-2017 11:00- At home Finished the I forgot to put in my comments
Saturday 14:00 interview for some of the days in my
(3 hours) and created journal and next time I should not
our think so complicated for the
hypothesis interview questions.
and
changed my
journal.
9-10-2017 14:10- School, Translated We should have made our
Monday 15:10 silence my journal. journals in English from the start.
(1 hour) room

52
10-10- 2017 15:15- At home Entered the I did not have any problems with
Tuesday 17:20 results of this, it was just adding the final
And our survey, details.
18:30- created the
20:20 table of
(4 hours) contents
and added
the final
interview
questions.
11-10-2017 13:20- School, Checked the This took a very long time
Wednesday 16:00 silence entire profile because it is a big document and
(3 hours) room assignment there were some big mistakes
for spelling outside the grammar and
and spelling as well.
grammar
mistakes.
14-10-2017 14:00- At home Finished our We had no problems with this
Saturday 16:30 (together) time and we think we divided our time
(1 and a schedule. well.
half hour)
16-10-2017 10:00- At home Changed This was pretty standard and
Monday 13:00 the order of easy stuff.
(3 hours) our sub
questions,
made the
lay-out for
the ethical
paragraph
and sent the
email
regarding
our career
orientation
paragraph.
17-10-2017 19:00- At home Found the I found this very interesting and it
Tuesday 22:00 history of was not that difficult.
(3 hours) Walt Disney,
put it in our
3rd sub
question
and checked
my sources
20-10-2017 10:30- At home Researched It was difficult to find something
Friday 14:00 the folktales on this subject at first, but once I
(3 and a of Native- found the right sites it went a bit
half hour) Americans better.
and put that
in our 2nd
sub question
and finished
the casus
and
background
information

53
for our
ethical
paragraph.
24-10-2017 14:10- School Made These were just basic things, so
Tuesday 15:10 changes in it was not that difficult.
Profile (1 hour) our profile
assignment assignment
hour based upon
the notes
from our
teacher and
e-mailed the
American
Folklore
Society.
31-10-2017 14:10- School We looked We were able to leave early
Tuesday 14:40 into what we because we had finished
Profile (30 could do for everything for that day.
assignment minutes) our profile
hour assignment,
but that was
very little.
7-11-2017 14:10- School We emailed This wasn't that difficult because
Tuesday 15:10 (1 mister we already had our questions.
Profile hour) Hogemans
assignment and
hour translated
our career
orientation
questions. I
also started
the
conclusion.
8-11-2017 14:10- School I drew the This was pretty easily done
Wednesday 15:10 (1 conclusion because it was easy to deduce
hour) of our main from our sub-questions.
question.
20-11-2017 15:00- At home I created a This wasn't difficult.
Monday 15:30 (30 paragraph
minutes) for all our
interviews.
21-11-2017 10:00- At home I altered our We should have referenced the
Tuesday 13:00 source sources properly from the
(3 hours) references beginning, so I would not have
and wrote a had to do it now.
reflection on
the process
of working
on our
profile
assignment.
25-11-2017 13:10- At home I made the This wasn't very difficult.
Saturday 14:10 introduction
(1 hour) for our
career
54
orientation
paragraph
and wrote
my reflection
on the
activity.
28-11-2017 14:10- School We used the Most things we had already
Tuesday 15:10 notes our altered correctly, but we got
Profile (1 hour) teacher some good tips.
assignment gave us to
hour improve our
profile
assignment.
29-11-2017 13:20- School I did a This took a lot more time than I
Wednesday 15:10 partial expected and that was mostly
(2 hours) spelling and because the values in our ethical
grammar paragraph were not entirely
check and I correct.
wrote my
opinion for
the ethical
paragraph. I
also added
two extra
paragraphs
so we would
be certain
that we have
everything.
4-12-2017 11:20- School I added two I was not sure if I had to add
Monday 11:50 paragraphs these but they were in the book
(30 to our profile that we got with guidelines for
minutes) assignment. creating a profile assignment, so
I added them just to be certain.
5-12-2017 13:30- At home I checked to I knew this was going to take
Tuesday 17:30 grammar long so I set aside a lot of time
And and spelling for this. It took long because it is
19:00- in the entire a big document.
20:00 profile
(5 hours) assignment.
9-1-2017 14:10- School I added This was difficult to do because I
Tuesday 15:10(1 some results could not think of anything else
Profile hour) to our to say about the subject.
assignment Native-
hour American
paragraph,
14-1-2017 20:00- Home I finished the I added an extra mythical
Sunday 21:00 (1 Native- creature and explained that
hour) American Native-American influence has
paragraph. declined in America but is still
around.
16-1-2017 13:00- Home I did the final This was not very difficult,
Tuesday 15:00 grammar especially because I had already
(2 hours) and spelling checked most of our profile
check. assignment.
55
17-01-2017 13:10- School I changed This was not very difficult, seeing
14:10 (1 the as everything was easily found
Wednesday hour) conclusion from the text.
to fit the
results that
we had
added to the
sub
questions.
Total: 70,5 hours

56
Journal Feyza
Date Time Location Activities Points of attention

7-07-2017 2,5 hours Classroom We found a The next time we should


profile 12:30- 150 subject, made the decide sooner which
assignment 15:00 sources research, subject we want to
day 1 read other profile investigate and research.
assignments and
read the
documents.
10-07-2017 3,5 hours Classroom We made the The next time we should let
profile 9:00-12:00 150 plan of approach, 1 person do the Word-
assignment and 14:00- main question cursus and the others can
day 2 14:30 and sub go on with the assignment,
questions. We now 2 people did the Word-
also got cursus instead of 1.
information about
the ethical
paragraph. Noa
and I also
followed the
Word-cursus.
5-09-2017 1 hour Classroom We found The next time we have to
Tuesday 14:10- 250 inspirational find the sources first and
profile 15:10 sources and not later when we need
assignment came up with them.
hour some new ideas.

12-09-2017 1,5 hour Classroom We adjusted the The next time we need to
Tuesday 14:10- 250 and at schedule and do the schedule right the
profile 15:10 home decided which first time. Otherwise we
assignment and 19:00- ethical question need to adjust it and that
hour 19:30 we were going to takes a lot of time. We also
research. did not plan enough time,
because if one person did
not do their part then the
other was not able to do her
part and the schedule
needed to be adjusted.
17-09-2017 1 hour At home I checked the The next time we can do
13:00- plan of approach this after we made it and
Sunday
14:00 and the schedule. not later, because that
takes more time.
19-09-2017 1 hour Classroom We checked the The next time we should do
Tuesday 14:10- 150 lay-out from our this after we made it and
profile 15:10 assignment. not later, because that
assignment takes more time.
hour

57
1-10-2017 3 hours At home We made a We had to adjust it
10:00- survey for our afterwards and the next
Sunday
13:00 research time we need to check
everything and then we do
not need to do this
afterwards.
3-10-2017 1 hour Classroom We checked the The next time we can do
Tuesday 14:10- 150 journals, the main this after we made it and
profile 15:10 question and sub not later, because that
assignment questions. takes more time.
hour
4-10-2017 2 hours Silence I adjusted the The next time we can do it
room plan of approach right the first time and
Wednesday 10:20-
and my journal. spend all our attention on
12:00
that. Otherwise we need to
adjust everything.
6-10-2017 2 hours Silence I checked The next time we can do
Friday room everything and this after we made it and
12:30-
adjusted it. not later, because that
14:10
takes more time.
7-10-2017 4,5 hours At home I made an The next time we can do it
Saturday 18:00- introduction, right the first time and
22:30 adjusted the spend all our attention on
schedule, that. Otherwise we need to
translated the adjust everything.
survey and put it
into the
document.
9-10-2017 1 hour Silence I translated my The next time we can ask if
Monday 14:10- room journal. we need to do the journal in
15:10 English before we make it
and not later, because that
takes more time to translate
it.
10-10-2017 3 hours At home I translated the The next time we can do it
Tuesday 18:00- schedule. in English right away,
21:00 because it takes more time
to translate it then to make
it in English right away.
11-10-2017 4 hours Silence I made the It would have been easier if
Wednesday 11:10- room and minutes, changed we made our entire
12:00 at home the font style and document in the same font
style right away.
and the size of the
13:40- words. I also
16:40 added new
sources and
added a
description to the
old sources.

58
12-10-2017 1 hour Silence I made the table I could not make the table
Thursday room of contents and of contents in Word Online
09:10- so I had to do it in Word.
printed the profile
10:00
assignment.
13-10-2017 1 hour Silence I made the It was very easy to make,
Friday 12:30- room preface. because it is your opinion.
13:20
14-10-2017 1,5 hour At home We finished the The next time we should do
Saturday 14:00- schedule. this in the beginning instead
16:30 of later after a few weeks.
16-10-2017 3 hours At home I found It was very difficult to find
Monday 20:00- information about information for this sub
23:00 folktales that question and it took a long
infiltrated time.
themselves in
Disney films and
made it in my
own words.
18-10-2017 2 hours At home I found It was very easy to find
Wednesday 21:00- information about information about it and it
23:00 Native-American did not take a lot of time.
myths and made
it in my own
words.
21-10-2017 2 hours At home I made the ethical It was very easy to make
Saturday 19:00- question, the and I did not have any
21:00 persons of problems with it.
interests and the
problem.
24-10-2017 1 hour Classroom We mailed people It took a long time before
Tuesday 14:10- 150 that we wanted to we got something back.
profile 15:10 interview.
assignment
hour
31-10-2017 0,5 hour Classroom We are waiting on It took a long time before
Tuesday 14:10- 150 answers for the we got an answer back.
profile 14:40 career orientation
assignment paragraph and
hour we planned all
the tasks.
7-11-2017 1 hour Classroom We mailed people It took a long time before
Tuesday 14:10- 150 that we wanted to we mailed everyone we
profile 15:10 interview. wanted to interview.
assignment
hour
22-11-2017 3 hours Silence I made the It took a long time before
Wednesday 11:10- room and sources list and we found out which source
12:00 and at home began to translate was reliable and which one
14:30- the interview with was not.
16:30 mister
Hogemans.
24-11-2017 1 hour Silence I translated a few It took a lot of time to
Friday 13:20- room more questions translate the interview.
14:10 from the interview

59
with mister
Hogemans.
25-11-2017 2 hours At home I translated the It took a lot of time to
Saturday 18:00- entire interview translate the interview,
20:00 with mister because I had to translate it
Hogemans. exactly the same.
28-11-2017 2 hour Silence I made the It took a long time to make
Tuesday 11:10- room and interviews in the the minutes, because we
profile 12:00 classroom same font style. did not keep it up and I
assignment 14:20- 150 We also changed needed to make this for a
hour 15:30 the whole few months.
16:15- assignment, we
17:00 changed the font
style and made
paragraphs.
I also made my
opinion and
reflection for the
career orientation
paragraph and
the ethical
paragraph and
changed the
minutes.
3-12-2017 1 hour At home I changed the The next time we should do
Sunday 12:00- time schedule, I it right away. Otherwise we
13:00 made it more need to adjust everything.
detailed.
4-12-2017 1 hour Classroom I changed the The next time we should do
Monday 09:20- 150 time schedule, I it right away. Otherwise we
10:30 made it more need to adjust everything.
detailed.
5-12-2017 3 hours At home I made the The next time it is better to
Tuesday 17:45- references in the do it right away. Otherwise
21:00 pieces. we need to adjust it.
6-12-2017 3 hours At home I changed the It takes a long time to
Wednesday 17:40- whole font style change the whole profile
20:40 and the order of assignment.
the whole profile
assignment.
7-12-2017 3 hours At home I changed the It takes a long time to
Thursday 12:45- whole font style change the whole profile
15:45 and the order of assignment.
the whole profile
assignment.
12-12-2017 1 hour Classroom We marked all It was nice that we got
Tuesday 14:10- 150 the things in the feedback and we so we
profile 15:10 document that we could correct the whole
assignment need to adjust profile assignment.
hour with the feedback
we got.
8-1-2018 2 hours Silence I answered sub It was nice that we got
Monday 08:20- room question 3 and feedback and we so we
10:00 wrote in the

60
results the results could correct the whole
of the survey. I profile assignment.
also made a part
of the main
question.
9-1-2018 1 hour Classroom I made the It was better if we made the
14:10- 150 answer to the answers to the sub
15:10 third sub question questions in the begin more
more detailed. detailed.
13-1-2018 2 hours At home I made the main It was very easy to find
15:00- question. information for the main
17:00 question.
17-1-2018 4 hours At home I changed the It took a lot if time before I
11:30- whole document: finally finished it.
12:40 the font style, the
13:10- right time
16:40 schedule, etc.
Total: 71 hours

61
Journal Inge
Date Location/ Activity Points of attention Amount
of work
classroom
hours

07-07-17 Profile Short introduction with a There were a lot of 12:30-


Friday assignment short movie, three mistakes made 15:00
day 1 documents with because of the way
At TBL, information about our we worked. We were 2 hours
150 sources research, read a bit too excited I and 30
an example of a profile think. minutes
assignment, searched for
three other sources which
give information about
our subject.
10-07-17 Profile Decided if we had Found out how a task 09:00-
Monday assignment enough information, the needed to be worked 12:00
day 2 right main question and out and then started
At TBL, sub-questions, prepared working according to 3 hours
150 our research, plan of the steps.
approach, started with
our journals and we
prepared the lecture
about the ethical
paragraph.
05-09-17 Profile Looked at what we had It is a lot smarter to 14:10-
Tuesday assignment done before the summer look at inspirational 15:10
hour vacation, talked with our sources first and then
At TBL, teacher and collected look at your subject. 1 hour
250 inspirational sources.
12-09-17 Sick at The group worked on I was sick. 30
Tuesday home, making the schedule. minutes
Used Together we have
WhatsApp decided on a subject for
the ethical paragraph.

15-09-17 At home Worked on the schedule Pay more attention 17:30-


Friday filled in the right week when you are making 20:00
numbers and deadlines. the schedule because
we had the wrong 2,5
week numbers and hours
that ruined our plans a
bit.
19-09-17 Profile Looked at the lay-out and Read the sources 14:10-
Tuesday assignment corrected the things that carefully through. 15:10
hour needed to be corrected. Most of the time it
At TBL, Looked at the sources to looks like a good 1 hour
150 see if they were still source, but eventually
useful. it was not useful after
all. It did not take this
much extra time.
1-10-17 used Looked at the sub- The next time we are 10:00-
Sunday Skype questions and then going to work with 13:00
At home started making the each other we need to

62
questions for our survey, find a new way of 3 hours
we also started with our doing it because this
survey. time we did it with
Skype and WhatsApp.
The internet
connection was not
good enough,
sometimes the image
froze.
03-10-17 Profile Looked at my journal and There was something 14:10-
Tuesday assignment the planning for mistakes. not right in the 15:10
hour Checked if everyone had schedule. There
At TBL, done what we planned. needs to be more 1 hour
150 Also we checked if space for when
everyone made enough something is not
hours or if they needed to finished in time. So
do something extra. when someone needs
more time the next
one does not have a
problem with her
tasks.
04-10-17 Free hour I made/filled in/updated I need to remember to 10:20-
Wednesday my journal and the fill in my journal every 12:00
At TBL, schedule. time I did something.
silence Also we need to fill in 1 hour
area the tasks, information and 40
and researches minutes
immediately in one
document.
06-10-17 Free hour Reviewed sources and I need to work a bit 12:30-
Friday added new sources to it. quicker with the 14:10
At TBL, Filled in and updated research. Need to try
silence journal. to finish it in time. 1 hour
area and 40
minutes
09-10-17 Free hour Translated journal to Need to write from the 14:20-
Monday English. start in English it is a 15:10
At TBL, lot easier and then it
silence would not have taken 50
area extra time. minutes

10-10-17 At home Translated journal to It is very difficult to 12:00-


Tuesday English and added new find the right words, 17:15
sources and translated so it took me a long
the old ones. time to finish 5 hours
everything. Also it was and 15
very difficult to find minutes
good sources.
11-10-17 Free hour Checked the whole Next time I need to 11:10-
Wednesday At TBL, document for mistakes, or double check because 12:00
silence things that were not there was a word that
area completed. I corrected that was 50
still wrong. minutes
14-10-17 Used Discussed what the next This time it went a lot 14:00-
Saturday Skype, weeks are going to look quicker with skype 16:30

63
At home like. Filled in our schedule and our internet
with all the tasks that connection. I found it 2 hours
need to get done. much smarter to finish and 30
the schedule now minutes
than in the beginning
of the year. Because
now we had a better
idea of how long
things would take to
finish them.
15-10-17 At home, I put all of the graphs in Our website we 14:00-
Sunday Autumn the survey. Removed all worked with for our 16:30
vacation of the watermarks on the survey provides And
images. different kind of 19:00-
graphs which you can 22:00
choose from. But
when I downloaded 5,5
the pictures it had hours
watermarks all over it.
So, I was not happy
with how it looked. I
used paint and
photoshop to remove
those marks. This
took a lot longer than I
expected.
16-10-17 At home, Found information about I find it very difficult to 09:20-
Monday Autumn how folktales influence find information and 12:00
vacation America today. Changed put that in a different And
the language in the form in the document. 13:45-
graphs. I changed the 16:00
language in the
graphs, I used paint 4 hours
and photoshop to do
this. And again, this
took a long time.
18-10-17 At home, Wrote a page on how Because my Word 13:30-
Wednesday folktales influence had problems I wrote 15:30
Autumn America today. my piece in another
vacation document. 1 hour
and 30
minutes
20-10-17 At home, Finished my page about I wrote my piece and 10:00-
Friday autumn how folktales influence when I wanted to put 12:00
vacation America today. it in the document I
saw another piece 2 hours
about the difference
between myths and
folktales that
someone else wrote.
This was something
that we agreed on
making the schedule,
but what I did not
think of is that now we

64
have different
information and also
things the same. So
now I need to rewrite
my page because
there were things
double. Next time I
need to copy my page
into the document
when I am done. So
other people can see
what I have done.
24-10-17 Profile Worked on the Did not get it done in 14:10-
Tuesday assignment comparative assessment, time so I need to work 15:10
hour the judgement and the faster or make it
At school, norm of the ethics smaller tasks so I can 1 hour
150 paragraph. get it done.
31-10-17 Profile We are waiting on our We are waiting on an 14:10-
Tuesday assignment answers for the career answer for our career 14:40
hour orientation paragraph. orientation paragraph,
At school, and we have planned 30
150 all our tasks on minutes
different days so we
decided to leave
early.

7-11-17 Profile Worked on the Too distracted to work 14:10-


Tuesday assignment comparative assessment. further on this task. I 15:10
hour need to finish it as
At school, soon as possible. 1 hour
150
15-11-17 At home Working further on the Made the second 18:00-
Wednesday comparative assessment, table in the 20:30
the judgement and the comparative
norm of the ethical assessment. 2 hours
paragraph. and 30
minutes
22-11-17 At TBL, Made the list with all our Because someone 11:10-
Wednesday silence sources. started this. It wasn't 12:00
area really clear who used
which sources. This 50
took long to figure out. minutes
26-11-17 At home Finished the ethical I finally was able to 18:00-
Sunday paragraph, made my finish my tasks that 22:15
reflection on the profile were planned earlier. I
assignment, ethical wanted to write the 4 hours
paragraph and career summary but I need to and 15
orientation paragraph. wait on the conclusion minutes
And wrote the summary. before I can do that.
28-11-17 Profile Scanned the whole We got our feedback 14:20-
Tuesday assignment document on mistakes and changed 15:30
hour, after our feedback. everything that our
150 teacher marked as 1 hour
wrong. and 10
minutes
65
05-12-17 At home Made the summary of our I made the summary 14:00-
Tuesday profile assignment. of the profile 17:30
assignment and
changed the mistakes 3 hours
I made regarding the and 30
last check. minutes

09-01-18 Profile I made sure our sources I did these things 14:10-
Tuesday assignment were correctly put in the because of the 15:10
hour, document. And started feedback we got. I
150 filling in the results of our think the feedback 1 hour
survey in the sub was very useful and I
questions. saw where Miss
Troost was coming
from.
10-01-18 At TBL, Finished filling in the I worked on the points 11:10-
Wednesday silence results of our survey in that we discussed in 12:00
area the sub questions. Added our meeting that we And
and more information and had regarding the 18:30-
at home results to our first sub feedback. It was a lot 21:00
question. of work to add the
results in our profile 3 hours
assignment. and 20
minutes
Total: 60,5 hours

66
Attachment 8: Minutes
Date Activities Feedback
7-07-2017  Found a subject We should have made the subject
 Found sources more detailed and we should have
 Read other profile assignments made it smaller.
 Read documents
10-07-2017  Made the plan of approach We made the sub questions more
 Made a main question and sub detailed and smaller. For
questions example, we asked how literature
changed over the years and we
chose a period instead of looking
through the entire history of the
literature.
5-09-2017  Found inspirational sources We should have also looked into
 Came up with new ideas other inspirational sources that we
could use and not only movies or
series and literature.
12-09-2017  Changed the schedule and We should have done this right
made it more detailed away so we would not have had
to do it later in the year.
19-09-2017  Checked the lay-out Our teacher was absent
3-10-2017  Checked the journals We tried to make the sub
 Checked the main question and questions even more detailed.
sub questions
 Put everything in 1 document
24-10-2017  Mailed people that we wanted to We needed to interview more
interview people from America and maybe
one person from the Netherlands.
31-10-2017  Planned all our tasks We decided to leave early,
because we were waiting on an
answer for the career orientation
paragraph.
7-11-2017  Mailed people that we wanted to We needed to interview more
interview people.
28-11-2017  Changed the entire profile We got a lot of feedback, for
assignment with the feedback example to write an introduction
we got. before every paragraph so people
won't get confused about what we
mean.
12-12-2017  Marked all the things in the We got a little feedback so it is not
document that we needed to that difficult to change it.
adjust with the feedback we got.

67

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