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GROUND SHAKING - is both a hazard created by earthquakes and the trigger for other hazards such as

liquefaction and landslides. Most earthquake damage results from the shaking caused by seismic waves
passing beneath buildings, roads, and other structures.
GROUND RUPTURE - is an offset of the ground surface when fault rupture extends to the Earth's surface.
Any structure built across the fault is at risk of being torn apart as the two sides of the fault slip past each

LIQUEFACTION - occurs when a saturated or partially saturated soil substantially loses strength and
stiffness in response to an applied stress such as shaking during anearthquake or other sudden change
in stress

condition, in which material that is ordinarily a solid behaves like a liquid.

LANDSLIDES - may result in falling rocks and debris that collide with people, buildings and vehicles. They
also can block roads and disrupt utility lines.

TSUNAMI - is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water,
generally in an ocean or a large lake.

LIFELINES - are structures that are important or critical for a community to function, such as roadways,
pipelines, powerlines, sewers, communications, and port facilities.

The vast majority of losses to property and lives caused by an earthquake involve manmade structures and the
people inside. It is often said, “Earthquakes don’t kill people, buildings do.”

The losses that come after the earthquake: Devastating and costly

Earthquakes: Nature's most unpredictable and one of her most devastating natural disasters.
When high intensity earthquakes strike they can cause thousands of deaths and billions of
dollars in damaged property. For decades, experts have studied major earthquakes; most
have focused on fatalities and destruction in terms of the primary effects, the shaking