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ApacheHVAC
Training Notes - Part 1
www.iesve.com
IES VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT SECTOR DATE COUNTRY
ApacheHVAC TRAINING NOVEMBER 2012 GLOBAL
Part 1
ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Introduction
In Part 1 training notes the basics of creating HVAC plant
and control networks for a building using IES’s ApacheHVAC
tool are covered. Simple networks are created for subsequent
use by ApacheSim, IES’s dynamic thermal simulation module.

ApacheSim dynamic simulations are In Part 2 training notes more complex


run using these networks and relevant HVAC networks will be created.
results are looked at within Vista,
The notes and images on the following
IES’s results viewer.
pages can be used to complement
HVAC networks are created for a the training videos to obtain a more
building model previously created comprehensive understanding of
using ModelIT, where the site location the software.
data using the APlocate utility has
More detailed information can be
been set. Constructions and thermal
obtained using the Help menu within
data (internal gains and air exchanges)
Apache and also refer to the user
have also been previously assigned
guides installed with the IES software.
using the Apache software module.
Before beginning with ApacheHVAC
it is necessary to be familiar with the
training videos and training notes for
SunCast, ApacheSim and MacroFlo.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Opening a previously created


Virtual Environment project

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Selecting the ApacheHVAC application


In the Energy group of programs select ApacheHVAC.

Creating an ApacheHVAC file

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

The basics – creating flow in an HVAC system


Creating an HVAC system to supply external air to a room at a defined rate.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Taking into account duct heat pickup/heat loss


(if required)

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Placing a room in the network

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Placing a fan in the network

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

ApacheHVAC controllers
Defining a flow rate in the system using an Independent Time Switch controller.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Running ApacheSim with an ApacheHVAC link


Performing a dynamic thermal simulation using IES’s ApacheSim
thermal simulation software.
Switch to the Apache module in the Energy group of programs.

Enable the ApacheHVAC link to use the ApacheHVAC network in the simulation,
and select the appropriate ApacheHVAC .asp file.

Run the simulation.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Viewing results in Vista


Once the simulation has been performed view the relevant results in Vista, for
example room temperature, outside air temperature, HVAC system air
supply in the room, and fan electricity consumption.

Room temperature and outside air temperature

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

HVAC system air supply in room

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Fan electricity consumption

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Supplying air at a specified temperature to a room


In ApacheHVAC creating a system to supply air at a specified temperature
to a room (eg 15ºC).
Defining heat sources and chilled water loops, heating coils and cooling coils,
and their controls. Heat sources and chilled water loops must be defined
before heating coils or cooling coils can be placed.

Defining heat sources (‘hot water loops’)

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Adding a “Generic heat source”


When a “Generic heat source” is chosen only one part-load heat source can be added.

Details can be specified regarding the operating temperatures for the Hot Water Loop.
Rated pump powers can be entered and performance curves selected.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

A boiler efficiency curve can be selected.

The design heating capacity can be entered.

When a “Hot Water Loop” type system is chosen you can add more than one
heat source and they can be sequenced.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Defining chilled water loops

Defining chilled water loops


Create a chiller by entering part load curve data.
Enter the description (reference) of the chilled water loop:

Selecting the Part Load Curve option

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Entering the chiller part load data

Chillers can be sequenced:

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Placing heating coils

The Heat Source and Heating Capacity should be defined.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Placing cooling coils

The Cooling Source and Cooling Capacity should be defined

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Controlling the coils using Independent


Time Switch Controllers
Control the output of the coils to produce a desired temperature (eg 15ºC)
downstream of the coils. ApacheHVAC components such as coils must have a
control, and the control must be downstream of the component.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

The finished network

Run a dynamic simulation using this network and look at the results in Vista,
including conditions at any point in the ApacheHVAC system, room temperature,
heating/cooling coil loads, boiler/chiller loads and HVAC system energy
consumption.

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Viewing conditions at any point in the


ApacheHVAC network
To view conditions at any point in the ApacheHVAC system,
choose this option prior to performing the simulation.

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View the ApacheHVAC network in Vista and view the conditions


at any point in the network.

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Air temperature downstream of the heating coil


in February

Viewing room results

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Room air temperature in June

Heating coil loads in April

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Boiler loads in January

Annual HVAC system energy consumption

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Creating an extract-only system in conjunction


with natural ventilation
Use ApacheHVAC to only extract air from a room. Balance of the air to
be made up via natural ventilation. Use MacroFlo to balance the flow
in the room.

Setting up the system in ApacheHVAC

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Setting the opening data in MacroFlo

Applying the opening data to a window in the room

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Run a dynamic simulation using this network with both an ApacheHVAC link and
a MacroFlo link, and look at the results in Vista, especially room temperature,
flow rates through the open window and extract fan energy consumption.

Room air temperature

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ApacheHVAC - Part 1

Extract fan energy consumption

View airflow results in VistaPro

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